The Hill Where Jesus Was Crucified?

Where did Jesus die? Where was Jesus crucified? — Place of a Skull

I’m becoming increasingly perplexed by the word Zion. Whether or whether this is the mountain on where Jesus was crucified is something I’d want to know.

Bible Answer:

Every one of the four gospels claims that Jesus was crucified on a hill named Golgotha, sometimes known as the ″Place of the Skull.″ In some ways, the location where He died resembled a skull.It is stated in both John 19:20 and Hebrews 13:12 that the location of His crucifixion was outside of the city; rather, it was ″near the city.″ But where did Jesus die, and who was there?What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion?

Where Did Jesus Die? — Golgotha — Place of the Skull

When it comes to the site where Christ was crucified, the New Testament has five passages that mention it.Among the Scripture texts are Matthew 27.33, Mark 15:21-22, Luke 23.33, John 19:17, and Hebrews 13:12.And when they arrived at a location known as Golgotha, which literally translates as ″Place of the Skull…When Simon of Cyrene (the father of Alexander and Rufus) arrived from the countryside, they pushed him into service as the bearer of His cross, according to Matthew 27:33 (NASB).

Later, the soldiers led him to the location known as Golgotha, which means ″Place of the Skull.″ NASB) When they arrived at the location known as The Skull, they crucified Him together with the convicts, one on each side of Him, one on the right and the other on the left.Luke 23:33 (NASB) As a result, they grabbed Jesus and led Him out, bearing His own cross, to a site known as the Place of the Skull, which is known in Hebrew as Golgotha, where He was executed.So Jesus likewise suffered outside the gate in order to purify the people with His own blood (John 19:17 New International Version).13:12 (Hebrews 13:12) (NASB) According to Matthew 27:33, Jesus was taken to the cross of Golgotha.

According to John 19:17, Golgotha is a Hebrew term that literally translates as ″skull.″ The Greek word kranion literally translates as ″Calvary.″ It is believed by some that the Church of the Holy Sepulcher was erected on the site of Golgotha, also known as ″the Place of the Skull.″ According to Luke 23:33, ″The Skull″ was the location where Jesus was crucified.A man called Simon of Cyrene who was traveling near by from the country was confronted and compelled to carry the cross by the soldiers while Jesus was being led to the Place of the Skull (Mark 15:21-22), according to the Bible.A route between the countryside with the city of Jerusalem was constructed, as evidenced by this.According to Hebrews 13:12, Jesus died outside of Jerusalem.

What was the location of Jesus’ death?What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion?He died outside of the city, on a hill known as The Place of a Skull, sometimes known as Golgotha, near a route heading from the countryside.Calvary is the name of the place.

Where Christ Was Crucified — Calvary

Gordon’s Calvary is marked by the presence of a skull lodged in the side of a hill.Golgotha is supposed to be the hill on where the Crucifixion occurred.It is referred to as Calvary by Christians.In Christianity, there is a hymn called ″I Believe In A Hill Called Mount Calvary″ that some Christians like to sing.

On the summit of this hill, according to legend, Jesus was crucified, and this is where the Church of the Holy Sepulcher has been constructed.


On a hill known as ″The Skull,″ Jesus was crucified on a ″old rough cross.″ He gave his life there for you and me.He died so that our sins might be forgiven, so that we may be at peace with God, and so that we could one day spend eternity with God.If you are looking for God, you can find Him and enjoy eternal life if you search diligently.You must, however, go in quest of Him.

When you find Him, you will be blessed with a personal connection with God as well as an abundant life.

Suggested Links:

I’m on the lookout for God.What is the importance of the cross that Jesus Christ carried on the crucifixion of Calvary?Did Jesus’ physical body and spiritual spirit perish?Is there any historical information available regarding the cross?

Is it possible that Jesus was crucified in order to fulfill an ancient prophecy?Is there any historical information available regarding the cross?Is it possible that God was not present for three days?- Following the Crucifixion Why did God allow His Son to suffer and die in our place?

– God Is Compassionate Is it true that Jesus ascended into heaven, both physically and spiritually?Accounts of Christ’s Resurrection – The Resurrection of Christ

Where was Jesus Crucified?

Have you ever been curious about the location of Jesus Christ’s crucifixion?The cross of Christ is commonly shown as being ″on a hill far distant″ in depictions of the Bible.We even have songs written about it.However, as an example, the Romans executed their victims on well-traveled routes rather than in rural regions.

Furthermore, there is no indication in the gospels that Jesus Christ was crucified on a hill.This post will look at a possible site where Jesus was crucified and evaluate the evidence for it.

The Place of a Skull

  • ″The site of a skull″ is mentioned in all four gospels as the location of Jesus’ crucifixion (Matthew 27:33
  • Mark 15:22
  • Luke 23:33
  • John 19:17). The Greek term for ″cranium″ is ″kranion,″ which is derived from the English word ″cranium.″ In Hebrew, the term is rendered as ″Golgotha,″ while in Latin, it is translated as ″Calvary.″ This is the Greek word ″kranion,″ which is the source of the English term ″cranium.″ Upon reaching a spot known as Golgotha, which literally translates as ″place of the skull,″ they crucified Jesus. According to Matthew 27:33-35, ″And they take him to the site called Golgotha, which means ″the place of a skull.″ ″And. they. nailed Him on the cross.″ ″When they arrived to the location, which is known as Calvary (kranion in the Greek text), they crucified Him there.″ (Mark 15:22-24) According to Luke 23:33 KJV, ″When they arrived at the location known as The Skull, there they crucified Him.″ ″And He bearing His cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: where they crucified Him,″ says Luke 23:33 NASB
  • ″And He bearing His cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: where they crucified Him,″ says John 19:17-18
  • ″And He bearing His cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which

In Hebrew, the term is rendered as ″Golgotha,″ while in Latin, it is translated as ″Calvary.″

Where is Golgotha?

One of the most unusual features in the city is a rocky hill that resembles a skull.It is located just outside of Old Jerusalem’s northern wall, near the Damascus gate.During a storm a few years back, a significant amount of erosion happened, and the bridge of the nose was completely swept away with it.As a result, it seems to be less of a skull than it did previously.

However, this is most likely the location of Golgotha and Calvary, which are both mentioned in the Bible.It is possible to see ″Skull Hill″ from the location depicted in the image above, which is a photograph of an old photograph that was displayed at a location (near The Garden Tomb).This hill, beside the road, outside the Damascus gate, is where it is most probable that Christ’s crucifixion took place, according to tradition.The gospel of John provides us with another additional reason to assume that Jesus was crucified beside the road at the base of this rocky hill rather than on top of it, as previously suggested.

According to John, Pilate nailed a title on Jesus’ cross, which read, ″Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews″ (John 19:19).″This title then read many of the Jews: for the spot where Jesus was crucified was close to (near) the city,″ John said (John 19:20).If Jesus had been crucified on a hilltop far away from the road, it is unlikely that many people would have noticed the inscription Pilot wrote.The base of this skull hill may be found right outside of a city gate, which is convenient.

This place is ″in the vicinity of the city.″ Moreover, according to Matthew 27:39 and Mark 15:29-30, those passing by (KJV – ″those that passed by″) ″reviled″ (or ″derided,″ ″hurled abuse,″ ″blasphemed,″ ″insulted″ depending on the translation) Him….The fact that people were ‘passing by’ indicates that the location of Christ’s crucifixion was near a frequently traveled road, rather than on a remote hilltop.

Pictures of Golgotha Today

  • A few recent photographs of the worn ″skull″ hill are shown in the gallery below. This spot, which may have served as the site of our Lord’s crucifixion, is presently used as a bus terminal. If you found this article useful, please SHARE it with others. If you like this piece, you may be interested in the following: Is the Garden Tomb the location of Christ’s grave?
  • Temptation on the Cross
  • Introduction to Israel – The Desert Shall Bloom
  • Joy on the Cross
  • Christ’s Temptation

the mountain where Jesus was crucified – Joys of Traveling

Jerusalem’s Mount Calvary, located on the boundaries of the holy city of three religions, is a revered pilgrimage destination for Christians.It is intrinsically related to the creation of many modern-day religions, and thousands of people come here on a regular basis to pay their respects.According to mythology, Jesus Christ was crucified atop the Israeli mountain of Mount Calvary.As a result, it is regarded as one of the two most important Christian sanctuaries.

The second site is the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.Originally, it was a part of the Gareb Hill neighborhood.However, following the purposeful demolition of the hill in order to construct the cathedral, Calvary hill was included into a single temple complex.

Does Mount Calvary still exist?

The only remnant of this hill may be found today inside the chapel, where there is a rock that rises about 5 meters above the surrounding ground surface.Calvary, also known as Golgotha, is a site in Israel’s western region, not far from the border with Jordan, where Jesus was crucified.It is estimated that more than 3 million pilgrims visit Golgotha each year, making it a substantial contributor to the city’s tourism industry.This attraction has such a strong hold on tourists that neither the hot sun in July and August nor the long lines in which they must wait are a deterrent for them.

What does Golgotha mean?

The word ″Golgotha″ literally translates as ″the site of the skull″ when translated from Hebrew.The site of Golgotha is thought to have been the site of executions in ancient times.There is a pit beneath the mountain into which the bodies of the persons who were slain were dumped after they were killed.The hill, which some say resembles a skull, is referred to as ″Golgotha″ or ″the location of the skull″ by others.

Golgotha the stone quarry

When archaeologists in Israel were excavating Mount Golgotha, they discovered that the region had been used as a limestone quarry as far back as the VIII century BC.According to the stories of the period, the mountain environs were covered with dirt and gardens around the first century AD.Excavations have also shown that this region had formerly served as a full-fledged cemetery for a lengthy period of time.Many people’s bones have been discovered on this site, including the tomb of Jesus Christ, which is located in the western portion of the hill.

A modest temple, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, was built atop Mount Golgotha in the early seventh century as part of the church’s restoration efforts.It was joined to the Basilica of Martyrium by a bridge built over the Via Domitia.When Golgotha was rebuilt in the 11th century, it took on its current look.During the construction of another church, Gareb Hill was demolished in order to make room for a complex that included the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and the hill in one location.

In 1009, Caliph al-Hakim, the Muslim governor of the city, expressed his desire to demolish the shrine.Because of the government’s inability to move quickly, this did not occur, which was fortunate.It is thought that the Holy Sepulcher was discovered in 325 BC, when Emperor Constantine I ordered the destruction of a pagan temple and the erection of a new church in its place, which was later discovered by chance.Despite the fact that the temple has been repaired more than once over the ages and that only a small portion of the original structure remains, photographs of the current Mount Golgotha in the holy city are still highly sought for today.

In 1883, the English commander and archaeologist Charles Gordon conducted a series of excavations in Jerusalem that were repeated several times.The mountain was known to as the ″Garden Cemetery″ throughout the eighteenth century.While the temples were being restored, which began in 1937, the colorful mosaics and other ornamental features were added to the walls to make them more appealing.The cathedral also contains a pair of gilded candles that were given to the city by the Medici’s famed Italian benefactors, the Medici family.Today, it is prohibited to make any changes to the architecture of the churches in Jerusalem without first obtaining the consent of each of the representatives of the six faiths that share the temple: the Greek Orthodox, the Roman Catholic, the Ethiopian, the Armenian, the Syrian, and the Coptic faiths.Over the course of several centuries, the look of this temple complex in Israel has evolved significantly.

  1. Despite the fact that the architecture of the church has gotten increasingly complicated and sophisticated, its distinctive characteristics have not been lost.

Modern Day Calvary

Today, Golgotha is a part of the Holy Sepulcher temple complex, which includes the Tomb of Jesus.The tomb of Jesus Christ and the burial chamber are located on the eastern slope of the hill, while the Church of the Resurrection of the Lord is located on the summit, which may be accessed by ascending 28 steep steps from the bottom.Mount Calvary in Israel may be broken down into three distinct sections.The first of these is the Altar of the Crucifixion, which is where Jesus Christ came to an end during his earthly sojourn.

Prior to this, there was a cross, but now there is an elevated throne with a hole in the center that all Christians may reach out and touch.The second section of Calvary is the site where soldiers nailed Jesus on the cross for all to see.The Altar of Nails is the name given to this structure.The final component, the Altar, is placed at the summit of the mountain and is known as ″Stabat Mater.″ It is owned by the Catholic Church, just as the Altar of the Nails, but it is open to both Orthodox and Protestant pilgrims to pay their respects.

According to mythology, it was on this site that the Virgin appeared to Mary during the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.Nowadays, this location is quite famous with pilgrims.

See also:  Places Where Jesus Walked

Practical information

(Coordinates): 31.778470, 35.229400. Hours of operation are 8 a.m. to 17 p.m., seven days a week.

Useful Tips

  1. Dress in loose-fitting clothes and shoes that are not restrictive. Please keep in mind that there is a dress code: girls must bring a scarf to cover their heads
  2. guys must bring a tie.
  3. Don’t forget to bring a bottle of water with you as well.
  4. Keep in mind that you must walk the stairs leading to the Holy Sepulcher barefoot
  5. otherwise, you will be denied entry.
  6. Prepare yourself for long queues.
  7. Mount Calvary can be photographed by priests, but they must obtain permission first.

Everyone who believes in God should make a pilgrimage to Mount Golgotha in Jerusalem (Israel), which is a particularly significant site for Christians and should be visited at least once in their lives.

Where Is Golgotha, Where Jesus Was Crucified?

Is it possible that the Church of the Redeemer has the answer?Staff of the Biblical Archaeology Society, October 26, 2021 151007 views and 20 comments What evidence is there to suggest that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the real site of Golgotha, where Jesus was crucified, based on the Church of the Redeemer (as depicted here)?What is the current location of Golgotha in Jerusalem?It was Golgotha, according to the New Testament, that served as the place of Jesus’ crucifixion and execution.

In which part of Jerusalem is Golgotha located?According to Marcel Serr and Dieter Vieweger’s Archaeological Views column in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review, ″Golgotha: Is the Holy Sepulchre Church Authentic?″ they analyze historical and contemporary excavations into the spot where Jesus was crucified.What is the current location of Golgotha?The actual site of Jesus’ crucifixion is a matter of controversy.

Helena, emperor Constantine’s mother, recognized the location of Golgotha in the fourth century C.E., and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was erected there in the fourth century C.E.Scholars, however, began to doubt this identification as early as the nineteenth century, pointing out that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located within the city walls of the present-day Old City of Jerusalem.In line with Roman and Jewish traditions at the time, Golgotha would have had to be positioned outside of the city limits of Jerusalem.The Gospels, on the other hand, appear to imply that Jesus was crucified outside of the city (Mark 15:20; Matthew 27:31ff; John 19:17ff).

So, where exactly is Golgotha situated?What is the location of Golgotha?When the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the traditional location of Jesus’ crucifixion, was erected in the fourth century C.E., was it built within or outside the city walls of Jerusalem?On the left is a representation of the present-day Old City of Jerusalem (which is tinted in gray), on the right is the suggested position of the so-called Second Wall, which would have existed during the time of Jesus.Leen Ritmeyer created the illustration.It is vital to remember that the existing Old City walls do not correspond to the walls that existed during Jesus’ time.

  1. ″Efforts to find a so-called Second Wall south of the Holy Sepulchre Church that had served as the northern wall of Jerusalem in Jesus’ time (and would have moved the site of the church outside the city in Jesus’ time) proved elusive,″ write Serr and Vieweger in their Archaeological Views column.
  2. ″Josephus, the knowledgeable first-century Jewish historian, does refer to such a wall (The Jewish War 5.146),″ they write.
  3. Distinguished academics Conrad Schick and Louis-Hugues Vincent were certain they had discovered the Second Wall in 1893, when a wall was discovered during the construction of the Church of the Redeemer, which is located directly south of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
  4. As a result, for about a century, it appeared as though the problem of legitimacy had been solved: the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was built on the site of Jesus’ execution, Golgotha.

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If you’d like to contribute to making Bible History Daily,, and our daily newsletter possible, please consider making a donation.Even a small donation of $5 is appreciated: According to Ute Wagner-Lux of the German Protestant Institute of Archaeology in Jerusalem, who dug under the Church of the Redeemer in 1970, this wall could not have been the Second Wall.She concluded that this wall could not have been the Second Wall.Why?

In the words of Serr and Vieweger, ″this wall was just five feet thick—far too small to be used as a city wall.″ As a result, the search was restarted.However, everything was not lost in the end.There are some hints from the Church of the Redeemer that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located outside the mysterious Second Wall, according to the findings of the excavations.You can read the full Archaeological Views column ″Golgotha: Is The Church Of The Most Holy Sepulchre Authentic?″ in the May/June 2016 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review to find out more about the evidence that leads Serr and Vieweger to believe that the Church of the Most Holy Sepulchre could be the authentic location of the Crucifixion.

—————— Members of the BAS Library: Read the complete Archaeological Views column ″Golgotha: Is the Holy Sepulchre Church Authentic?″ by Marcel Serr and Dieter Vieweger in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review, titled ″Is the Holy Sepulchre Church Authentic?″ Not a member of the BAS Library yet?Become a member of the BAS Library now.

Related reading in Bible History Daily:

The tour takes visitors through the ruins of Herod’s Jerusalem Palace, which may have served as the site of Jesus’ trial.The Terra Sancta Museum is a new stop on the Via Dolorosa that is open to the public.And Why It Really Does Make a Difference The ″Strange″ Ending of the Gospel of Mark and Why It Really Does Make a Difference What Day Did Jesus Rise From the Dead?During their journey to Byzantine Jerusalem, the pilgrims stop at the National Geographic Museum, where they may virtually see Jesus’ tomb.

This Bible History Daily piece was first published on May 23, 2016, and has since been updated.—Ed.

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Where Was Jesus Crucified? – Golgotha ″the Place of the Skull″

What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion?The crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth is one of the most well-documented occurrences in ancient history.The truth has been confirmed by theologians as well as historians, among others.″Even those scholars and critics who have been moved to depart from almost everything else within the historical content of Christ’s presence on earth have found it impossible to think away the factuality of Christ’s death,″ it has been stated without hyperbole: ″Even those scholars and critics who have been moved to depart from almost everything else within the historical content of Christ’s presence on earth have found it impossible to think away the factuality of Christ’s death.″ -John McIntyre, ‘The Uses of History in Theology,’ in his book of the same name.

Dr.Bart Erhrman of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill provided an example of this type of affirmation in his affirmation letter.Even though he was critical of the New Testament in many cases and denied the supernatural nature of Christianity, the renowned secular scholar supported this in his work, ‘The Historical Jesus: Lecture Transcript and Course Guidebook, Vol.2: The Life and Times of Jesus Christ.’ Jesus was crucified on instructions from Pontus Pilate, Roman administrator of Judea, according to one of the most known truths of history.

The four Gospels all affirm that this is a watershed moment in redemptive history.It was validated by the secular authorities of the day.It was affirmed by the early church.Millions upon millions of people believe it.

But where exactly did the crucifixion take place?The answer to that question is strongly tied to God’s will as well as God’s methods of doing things.Simply said, the place of Jesus’ crucifixion is both known and mysterious at the same time.Visit THIS LINK to download your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide – Praying Through Holy Week (PDF).Create your own copy of this wonderful daily devotional to use in the weeks leading up to Easter.

Where Was Jesus Crucified?

What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion?The Gospels confirm that Christ was crucified outside the city walls of Jerusalem, according to their accounts.Interestingly, this is something that both John the Baptist and the writer to the Hebrews affirm: ″Then many of the Jews read this title, for the site where Jesus had been crucified was close to the city; and it was inscribed in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin″ (John 19:20, NKJV).For this reason, Jesus likewise suffered outside the gate in order to sanctify the people with His own blood (Hebrews 13:12, NKJV).

It also reveals that the crucifixion was carried out by authorities of the Roman Empire in collaboration with Jewish religious leaders, known as the Sanhedrin, according to the Bible.The presence of Roman military soldiers indicates the military nature of the mission as well as the significance of the execution to both people and the Roman provincial administration, which was forced to act as a result of local pressure (recommended book: Jesus: A New Vision).One can imagine how terrifying it must have been to see the Roman execution on the cross from a long distance.″There were other ladies watching from a distance,″ we are told, ″among them were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and Salome.″ -Matthew 15:40 The fact that we know the location of Jesus’ crucifixion is the most significant discovery.

According to C.W.Wilson, ″It is apparent…that Christ was crucified in a well-known location with a unique name……″ Because, after being ridiculed and tormented by furious bystanders as he carried his cross through the packed streets going to the execution site, Jesus of Nazareth was crucified at ″a spot named Golgotha, which is to say, the place of the skull,″ as the Bible describes it (Matthew 27:33 ESV).

In the words of Wilson, Golgotha ″is the Greek transcription of the Aramaic Gulgulta, which corresponds to the Hebrew Gulgoleth.″ Kranion is the Greek word for kranion (from which the English word, cranial, is derived).Dr.Luke is the one who makes use of the Latin term calvaria.Calvary is a well-known term in English, and its transliteration is Calvary.Actually, the correct translation into English would be ″skull or cranium″ (Carl Hensley, Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible).The Jewish Wars of Rebellion (A.D.

  1. 66-73), which resulted in the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by Titus (A.D.
  2. 39-81) in A.D.
  3. 70-71, probably contributed to the deviation of local landscape (Lawrence Schiffman, From Text to Tradition).
  4. Finally, Eusibius, a well-known church historian from antiquity, traveled to Jerusalem in order to locate the location of the Lord’s crucifixion and death.
  5. It was there that the great church father and scholar traveled with Queen Helena (A.D.

246-330), the Roman Empress and mother of Emperor Constantine the Great (A.D.272-337).According to Jerome Murphy-The O’Connor’s Holy Land, the local Christians of Jerusalem guided Eusibius and Helena to a spot beyond the gates of the ancient city (the walls were expanded in the fifteenth century), a site where liturgical festivities had been performed until ″A.D.66.″ When Hadrian (A.D.

  1. 36-138), in 135, constructed temples to Roman deities in the Aelia Capitolina, including Aphrodite and Jupiter, the environment underwent tremendous transformation (the new Roman name that Hadrian gave for Jerusalem).
  2. ″Despite the evidence of Jerome and some late Byzantine sources, the Holy Sepulcher remains the most probable site of the Capitoline temple,″ writes Jerome Murphy-O’Connor.
  3. And it is a rather extraordinary claim to make.
  4. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher was built to enclose both Golgotha (the site of the Crucifixion) and Joseph of Arimathea’s tomb (both the burial place and the site of the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ) in A.D.

326 by Helena’s son, Constantine.It was completed in A.D.326 and dedicated to the memory of our Lord Jesus Christ.A summary of the history and archeology of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, as well as alternate theories, was provided by Murphy-O’Connor in the Oxford Archeological Guide from the Earliest Times to 1700.He concluded that ″Is this the spot where Christ died and was buried?″ ″Yes, very likely,″ says the author.

What We Don’t Know About the Location of the Crucifixion – Where Was Jesus Crucified

Accordingly, in response to the question above, and despite the categorical declarations of some, we must respond, ″a great deal.″ The things we don’t know are known to us, and we are confident that we do not know what we do not know.Take, for example, the unmistakable scriptural assertion that our Lord was crucified in Golgotha.Despite the fact that we know what the word Golgotha (or Calvary) means (it means ″skull″), we are unable to determine if it is referring to one of three possible origins for the name.

See also:  When Jesus Became God Rubenstein?

Golgotha Meaning: the Place of the Skull, Might Refer to the Legendary Place of Adam’s Skull

Yes, you are correct.Adam’s skull was thought to have been buried at Golgotha, according to the Church Father Origen (A.D.185-253), who was both a Hebrew scholar and a resident of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus’ death.For those who consider that Origen is a touch ″off,″ other early church leaders who held the belief that Jesus was crucified in the field of Adam’s burial may be able to refute your position.

In this group would be the revered Athanasius (A.D.296-373), Epiphanies (A.D.312-403), and Basil of Caesarea, to name a few figures (A.D.329-379).

The second interpretation of Golgotha is more rational, however it departs from the popular interpretation in the following ways:

What Do We Know about Where Jesus Was Crucified?

What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion?According to this narrative, the site of our Lord’s crucifixion served as a common ″killing ground″ for rebels and criminals who were antagonistic to Roman control.The result was that the region was covered with the heads of ″convicted criminals″ (Wilson, Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre).Once the flesh had been removed from the skull and bones, the remains would be buried by the family members.

Even the renowned Christian scholar and Bible translator, Jerome (A.D.347-420), as well as the English historian and monk, Venerable Bede (A.D.673-735), clung to this stance throughout their respective times.″Bunhill Fields″ is a well-known burial place in London that has been there for centuries (Alfred Light, Bunhill Fields).

The term ″Bunhill″ refers to a slang pronunciation of the phrase ″Bone Hill.″ Nonconformist clergy and others who did not fall under the Church of England’s sphere of influence were buried there.Apparently, the hill where Christ was crucified was also known as ″Bunhill Fields,″ according to this second perspective of Calvary.Now.You have probably heard someone express the third point of view.

Golgotha, the Place of the Skull, Might Refer to a Geological Formation Resembling a Skull

Since at least the seventeenth century, this idea of the location of Golgotha has been the most widely accepted one in the world.As a result, some writers have described Golgotha as a bald hilltop with a rock feature that resembled a human skull.While we must realize that there are no allusions to this in the Bible, it is important to note that Yes, it was a prominent location that could be seen from a distance, but it was never referred to as Mount Calvary by any of the biblical writers, nor by any Greek, Jewish, or Roman witnesses.It appears to be a very recent Western concept (Wilson, Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre).

All of this, of course, may come as a shock to those who have held to one or another version of the events at Golgotha throughout their lives.Furthermore, the dispute serves to highlight the truth that we can only be certain of what the Bible says about some things.And is that sufficient?

We Know All We Need to Know

According to the Bible, our Lord Jesus Christ was crucified on a cross between two thieves, one of whom was remorseful and the other who was not.The Bible also informs us who was responsible for Christ’s death: a plot orchestrated by Roman rulers and Jewish religious leaders.To put it another way, both Gentiles and Jews were implicated in the cosmic crime of deicide (also known as ″the murder of God by Man″).We are aware that the cross may be seen from a considerable distance.

We know that there were women present, including Mary the mother of Jesus, and that they were powerful.We are aware of the presence of the Apostle John.We are aware that many people turned their backs on our Lord Jesus Christ during his time of greatest need.However, there is a great deal more that we do not know.

It’s as if the Holy Spirit has slung a perpetual curtain over the entire area, obscuring everything.It is important to recall that the murder was so heinous that the earth trembled in horror and darkness descended upon the horrific spectacle, as if Creation itself could not stand the sight.However, we are unable to pinpoint the exact spot where Jesus Christ was crucified because of the nature of the evidence.It is possible that the Church of the Holy Sepulcher encompasses the location of Calvary as well as the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea, where our Lord was risen from the dead, according to tradition.

As a result, there are some things that we may deduce from the Bible.Furthermore, there is sufficient archaeological evidence and ancient literature to substantiate Christ’s crucifixion and to indicate a site for its occurrence.And there is a great deal that we do not understand.It’s important to remember the warning from Deuteronomy 29:29: ″The secret things belong unto the LORD our God; but those things which are disclosed belong unto us and to our offspring forever, that we may perform all the words of this law,″ the Bible says.But we do know this: on the cross, at a site named Calvary, our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ died for our sins.That is where the world’s creator, Jesus Christ, was crucified by people whom he had made.

  1. He died as a sacrifice for our sins and as a fulfillment of the Covenant of Works (which states that ″if you disobey, you shall die″).
  2. In his pure soul, Jesus bore the wrath of God, and he fulfilled all of the requirements of the Law for anyone who would accept him as their Savior (The Covenant of Grace).
  3. With nails made of iron that he produced, Jesus Christ was crucified on rough-hewn lumber from a forest he created, on a cross that he built himself.
  4. ″Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do,″ Jesus said as he gazed down on those who crucified him, spit on him, and attempted to humiliate him.
  5. ″Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do,″ he said (Luke 23:34 KJV).

In the life of our Lord, there is a story that is crucial to us as we proceed through our studies.When Moses and Elijah appear to Peter, James, and John during the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-8; Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:28-36), it is an affirmation of Jesus’ divinity and his relationship with the Father.This is a significant theological turning point in the tale of redemption.The ″Law and the Prophets″ affirm the Person of Jesus as the One about whom they wrote; the Old Covenant yields to the New; ancient prophecies are fulfilled; Christ’s identity is fully revealed to the disciples and supernaturally confirmed; eternity touches time; heaven descends (once more) to the earth.

  1. It was, without a doubt, a magnificent spectacle.
  2. Peter desired to create three tents to serve as a memorial to the occasion (perhaps, to return to the tent markers and build a greater temple).
  3. Peter was warned by our Lord Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration that he should not erect any kind of religious structure to commemorate the actual location of that great assembly, as Peter had desired to do.
  4. In John 4:21-23, the Lord also reminded the Samaritan woman at the well that from now on, Christians must worship God ″in spirit and in truth,″ not on this mountain nor on that mountain, as he had previously instructed them.

It has nothing to do with a specific location.It’s all about a certain individual.It is no longer about the physical—land, temples, and altars—but rather about the spiritual.It is all about the ineffable.It’s not about the signs, after all.

  • It all comes down to the Savior.
  • It is possible that this is why we know enough about the place of his crucifixion, but not enough about the rest of his life.
  • We gaze at that ancient, weathered cross with trust in order to choose where it should be placed: This cross marks the site of the ″Great Exchange,″ which took place here.
  • For it is at this place that Jesus took upon himself the penalty for the sins of those who would come to him in repentance and faith, and it is also the place where the holiness of Christ was made available to sinners like me.
  • Alternatively, as I used to teach our church’s youngsters in Confirmation Class, ″Jesus took your guilt upon himself upon the cross of Calvary.″ ″You’ve been given his ideal existence.″ This Easter and throughout our lives, the very location where Jesus was killed for you and me is the location where we come to Him in brokenness and love.
  • ″Truly, this was the Son of God,″ the Roman centurion admitted, and it is at that point that we come together in faith with Mary and John (Matthew 27:54).

That soldier was well aware.And you can find out as well.What place did Christ die on the cross?

  • Christ was crucified at the intersection of God’s love and your brokenness, and he was crucified in your place.
  • You may rest assured that this is true.
  • Related: What Does the Bible Have to Say About the Resurrection of Jesus Christ?
  • What Place Did Jesus Get Crucified?

– Golgotha (also known as ″the Place of the Skull″).References Chris Armstrong is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom.This is the most sacred place on earth is being divided.ChristianityToday.Com.This page was last updated on April 8, 2019.Jesus: A New Vision (Marcus J.

Jesus: A New Vision).The year is 1991, and HarperSanFrancisco is publishing a book.B.D.Ehrman’s ″The Historical Jesus: Lecture Transcript and Course Guidebook, Vol.2″ is available online.

  • Chantilly’s Teaching Company is a non-profit organization (2000).
  • Eusebius of Caesarea was a Roman historian.
  • Onomasticon (1971) by C.
  1. Umhau Wolf, translated by C.
  2. Umhau Wolf.
  3. The first version was created in 330AD.

This page was last updated on April 8, 2019.of the city of Antioch Saint Ignatius of Antioch to the Smyrnaeans (Roberts-Donaldson Translation),″ says the author.The most recent modification was made in 110AD.This page was last updated on April 8, 2019.Alfred W.

  • Bunhill Fields: Written in Honour and to the Memory of the Many Saints of God Whose Bodies Rest in This Old London Cemetery.
  • Vol.
  • 1.
  • Alfred W.
  • Bunhill Fields: Written in Honour and to the Memory of the Many Saints of God Whose Bodies Rest in This Old London Cemetery.
  • CJ Farncombe & Sons, Limited was established in 1915.
  • John McIntyre is the author of this work.
  • ″The Uses of History in Theology (In Honour of A.C.
  • Cheyne)″ is a paper written in honor of A.C.

Cheyne.Studies in World Christianity, volume 7, number 1, April 1, 2001, pages 1–20.This page was last updated on April 8, 2019.Jerome.The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide from the Earliest Times to the Year 1700 is a book on archaeology in the Holy Land.Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome.

″The Location of the Capitol in Aelia Capitolina.″ Oxford University Press, 2008.Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome.″The Location of the Capitol in Aelia Capitolina.″ Revista Biblica (1946–), vol.101, no.

3 (1994), pp.407–415.This page was last updated on April 8, 2019.

  1. Grant.
  2. ″Historicity of the Crucifixion.″ The Briefing, published on May 24, 2013.
  3. This page was last updated on April 8, 2019.
  4. From Text to Tradition: A History of the Second Temple and Rabbinic Judaism, edited by Lawrence H.
  5. KTAV Publishing House, Inc.
  1. published this book in 1991.
  2. Wilson, C.
  3. W., ed., Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre: Edited by Colonel Sir C.
  4. M.
  5. Watson.
  1. New York: Harper & Row, 1911.
  2. In 1906, the Palestine Exploration Fund formed the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  3. ″Eusebius of Caesarea and the Onomasticon,″ by Carl Umhau, is available online.
  • The Biblical Archaeologist, volume 27, number 3, 1964, pages 66–96.
  • This page was last updated on April 8, 2019.
  • image courtesy of Unsplash/Alicia Quan

Calvary Hill: The Place Where Jesus Was Crucified

According to Luke 23:33, Jesus was carried to a site named Calvary, where he was crucified on the cross.″And when they arrived at the spot known as Calvary, they crucified Him there, along with the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left,″ the Bible says.23:33 (Luke 23:33) The NKJV refers to it as ″Calvary,″ but other translations, such as the NIV, refer to it as ″The Place of the Skull.″ This suggests that they are all referring to the same location under various names.According to certain gospels, such as the Gospel of John, there is a site known as Golgotha.

″And He walked out to a place known as the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,″ the gospel of John says.19:17 (John 19:17) Calvary is derived from the Latin word calva, which means ″bald head″ or ″skull,″ while Golgotha is Aramaic for ″Skull.″ Calvary is a hill in Jerusalem that is formed like a skull, and it is the location of Jesus’ crucifixion.

1) Where is the Hill of Calvary?

The location of Calvary is revealed in John 19:20.″A large number of Jews were able to see this sign since the location of Jesus’ crucifixion was close to the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin, and Greek.″ John 19:20 (NIV) Calvary is the hill on where Jesus was crucified, and it was named for the Roman general who died there.Despite the fact that it is defined as lying outside of Jerusalem, its exact position is still up for question.Criminals were usually crucified along highways in the Roman Empire in order for the general public to witness them and deter from engaging in illegal activities.

2) Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem

The Aedicula, a shrine dedicated to Jesus, surrounds the burial of Jesus.According to the website, the final four Stations of the Cross, commonly known as the Via Dolorosa, are located within the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.In the Old City of Jerusalem, the Via Dolorosa (Latin for ″Sorrowful Way″ or ″Way of Suffering″) is a route that is believed to be the path that Jesus took on his way to his crucifixion.The path connects the Antonia Fortress with the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is around 600 meters in length.

On every Friday afternoon, according to, hundreds of Christians take part in a procession through the Old City of Jerusalem, pausing at each of the 14 stations of the Cross along the way.The path they take is known as the Via Dolorosa, which is also the name of the main street they follow, a tiny marketplace that is packed with sellers and consumers at all hours of the day.

3) Church of the Holy Sepulchre

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located in Jerusalem at a spot that has been recognized as the site of Jesus’ crucifixion and as the location of his tomb.Since ancient times, it has been an important pilgrimage destination for Christians from all over the world.″ The church was constructed during the 4th century by Emperor Constantine, who adopted Christianity and declared it to be the official religion of the Roman Empire at the time of its construction.He traveled to the Holy Land with his mother, Saint Helena, who visited the areas where the events described in the New Testament took place and recognized them.During the 19th century, a status-quo agreement was written between the various communities, specifying the rights of prayer and ownership for the numerous groups active in the church.

See also:  What Does The Bible Say Jesus Looks Like

The agreement was signed in the name of the church.The Catholic Church, the Armenian Church, and the Greek Orthodox Church are the primary owners of the property, with the Syrian and Coptic Churches having only limited rights to the land.The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, according to Planet Ware, might appear quite modest when compared to the major churches of Italy, Spain, and France, among other things.Even though it is little in stature, it is significant in every way.

4) Who was Crucified with Jesus?

Jesus was crucified with two criminals, one on his right and the other on his left, who were nailed to the cross with him.’When they arrived at the Skull, they crucified him there beside the convicts – one on his right and the other on his left,’ he explained.23:33 (Luke 23:33) One of the prisoners sneered at Jesus and said, ″Aren’t you the Messiah?″ another asked.″Save yourself as well as us!″ He did not think that Jesus was the Messiah, but rather that he was simply an average man who had most likely committed a crime, according to him.

One of the other criminals thought that Jesus was the Messiah and implored him, ″Jesus, please keep me in mind when you come into your kingdom.″ These two criminals represent two opposing viewpoints in the world: those who do not believe in Jesus and those who do believe in him.Those who believe in Jesus Christ will get everlasting life from him and will spend eternity with him in his presence.The consequences for those who reject him are an eternity of separation from God.Christ’s crucifixion was no accident; in an universe ordered by God, there are no such things as ″accidents.″ Due to his foreknowledge of how and with whom his Son would die, God was presided over the scene.

Jesus was crucified amid criminals, despite the fact that he was not one of them.According to Isaiah 53:12, he was ″numbered with the transgressors,″ which means he was ″counted among the transgressors.″ ″As a result, I will give him a part among the famous, and he will divide the spoils with the powerful, in recognition of the fact that he poured out his life until death and was listed among the transgressors.Because he bore the sin of many and interceded on their behalf, he is known as the Lamb of God.″ Scripture reference: Isaiah 53:12 What was the significance of Jesus wearing a crown of thorns at his crucifixion?Learn about the meaning and importance of the crown that was placed on his head in order to make him suffer in this blog.

5) Conclusion

When visiting the Holy Land of Israel, it is highly recommended that you stop at Calvary Hill.The Church of the Holy Sepulchre will let you reconnect with the meaning of Jesus’ death and resurrection as you go through the doors of the church itself.Consider the surroundings and try to envision what it must have been like during biblical times.The crucifixion of Jesus is at the heart of Christianity, and by keeping it in mind at all times, we can’t help but be amazed by God’s compassion for all of humanity.

Jesus sacrificed his life for us in so that we can enjoy eternal life with him.

Golgotha in the Bible – The Location of Jesus’ Crucifixion

″There were six hours left till it was Passover Preparation Day, and it was the sixth hour.″Behold your King!″ he said to the assembled Jews.They, on the other hand, yelled out, ″Away with Him, Away with Him, Away with Him!crucify him!

crucify him!″ ″Do you want me to crucify your King?″ Pilate inquired of them.″We have no monarch save Caesar!″ the leading priests said in response.After that, he handed Him over to them to be crucified.As a result, they arrested Jesus and brought Him away.

And He, wearing His cross, walked out to a spot known as the Place of the Skull, which is known in Hebrew as Golgotha, where He was crucified beside two men, one on either side of Him, with Jesus in the midst.″ John 19:14-18 (KJV) NKJVG It was on the hill of olgotha, a skull-shaped formation in biblical Jerusalem, where Jesus was crucified.It appears in all four of the Gospels, and is referred to by name.This location, also known as Calvary, was located right outside the city limits of Jerusalem and was where Jesus was crucified along with two thieves, one of whom declared that Christ was God and was saved on the spot.At the site of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, it has long been venerated for its historical significance, which dates back to 325 and was established by Queen Mother Helena, mother of Constantine the Great.

According to Mark 15:22, ″After that, they carried Jesus to a spot called Golgotha (which literally translates as ″the site of a skull″), where he was crucified, the Koine name Kranon is used to refer to the location outside of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified.Kranon is sometimes translated as ″Skull″ in English, although it really refers to the Cranium, which is the section of the skull that contains the brain itself.Calvariae Locus is the Latin translation, and it is from this that the English name Calvary is derived.Because of this, the titles ″Golgotha″ and ″Calvary″ are taken from the Hebrew and Latin translations respectively when referring to the site of Christ’s crucifixion, and they are used interchangeably.

Where is the Location of Golgotha?

Golgotha, also known as Calvary in Latin, is commonly believed to be associated with the traditional location of Christ’s Crucifixion, which is currently housed in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem’s Christian Quarter.However, this is not always the case.Located within the Old City of Jerusalem’s walls, this church is dedicated to the Virgin Mary.The following is a graphic from Wikipedia that illustrates how the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was constructed on the site known as Golgotha: Concerning the location of the site of the Crucifixion (which is also the location of the Tomb), we have no hint from the New Testament; in fact, locations have been proposed on all sides of the city—as well as in the West—by those who reject tradition.

There are currently two competing theories: (1) that the site of the Crucifixion, or at the very least the location of the Tomb itself, is within the confines of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre; and (2) that a prominent, rounded, grassy hill above the so-called ″Grotto of Jeremiah,″ northeast of the Modern Damascus Gate, has at the very least a very high probability of being the true site.However, an excellent assessment of the entire evidence can be found in the late Sir Charles W.Wilson’s book ″Golgotha and the Holy Sepulcher,″ published by the PEF.It is hard to delve into the entire topic here because it requires a minute and lengthy explanation.

What does Golgotha mean?

According to the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, Golgotha is the Hebrew term for the location where our Lord was crucified on the cross.According to the Bible (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17) According to these three evangelists, it might be translated as ″the site of a skull.″ There are two possible explanations for the name: (1) It could be derived from the fact that it was a place where executions were frequently carried out, and as a result, it was awash in skulls; or (2) it could be derived from the appearance or shape of the spot itself, which is bald, round, and skull-like, and therefore a mound or hillock, in accordance with the common phrase -for which there is no direct authority- ″Mount Calvary.″ Regardless of which of these explanations is right, Golgotha appears to have been a well-known location.Various explanations for the name Golgotha, which means ″skull,″ have been advanced, including: that it was a location where skulls might be discovered lying around and, consequently, a public execution site.Apparently, this tradition dates back to the time of Jerome (346-420 AD), who mentions (3) in order to condemn it and states that ″outside the city and without the gate there are places where the heads of condemned criminals are cut off and which have acquired the name of Calvary-that is, of the beheaded.″ This point of view has been endorsed by a number of subsequent writers.

For example, it may be argued that there is no evidence that a separate location for Jewish executions existed in the first century and that the corpses could have been buried (Matthew 27:58; John 19:38), in accordance with Jewish law (Deuteronomy 21:23) and with normal custom if there had been a special location (Josephus).

Is Golgotha a Holy Place?

In a nutshell, sure.There are many Christians of many faiths from all over the globe who go to Jerusalem to see and worship the site where Jesus Christ was crucified, buried, and resurrected, which is today known as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.According to traditions that date back to the fourth century, it encompasses the two holiest locations in Christian history: the site where Jesus was crucified, at a site known as Golgotha, and Jesus’ empty tomb, where He was buried and risen after three days of darkness.

Can you visit Golgotha now?

In general, yes, you are authorized to visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, provided that travel to Jerusalem is permitted at the time of your visit. Christ was crucified, buried, and risen in this church, which is located in the Christian Quarter of the Old City. This is one of the most hallowed places in all of Christendom, and it is a popular pilgrimage destination.

Where is the Cross of Christ’s Crucifixion Today? reports that half of the cross granted to Helena’s mission was sent to Rome (the other part was left in Jerusalem) and that, according to legend, a significant portion of the remnants are preserved at the Basilica of the Holy Cross in the Italian capital.In addition to the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Rome, the cathedrals of Cosenza, Naples, and Genoa in Italy; the monastery of Santo Toribio de Liébana (which claims to have the largest piece), Santa Maria dels Turers, and the basilica of Vera Cruz, among others, in Spain; and the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Rome, among others, claim to have a fragment of the log where Jesus Christ was crucified.Read on to learn more about the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ, its significance in the Bible, and its relevance today!Image courtesy of Getty Images/yuelan

Where Was Jesus Crucified

QUESTION: Where Was Jesus Crucified and How Did He Die?The location of Jesus’ crucifixion is revealed in the answer.The solution can be found in the Bible.Interestingly, this information is found in all four of the gospels.

Three of the gospels, on the other hand, employ one Greek term, while one gospel uses another.″And when they came to a location named Golgotha, which is to say, a place of a skull,″ the Bible says, ″they fell down and died″ (Matthew 27:33).They take him to the area called Golgotha, which means ″the place of a skull″ in the original Greek language (Mark 15:22).″And he went forth bearing his cross into a location known as the site of a skull, which is known in Hebrew as Golgotha,″ the Bible states (John 19:17).

The Greek word ″Golgotha″ is utilized in these three gospels, and it literally translates as ″a location of a skull,″ as we read in Matthew.Because the Hebrew and Greek words were the identical, it was a well-known bystander’s name in both languages.Instead of the English word ″Golgotha,″ Luke uses the Greek word ″Calvary.″ ″And when they arrived to the location, which is known as Calvary, they crucified him along with the two malefactors, one on his right hand and the other on his left″ (Luke 23:33).This phrase literally translates as cranium or skull in Greek, and all four gospels identify this location outside the city walls of Jerusalem as the location where Jesus was nailed on a cross.

As a result, the location of Jesus’ crucifixion was a knoll or hill on the outskirts of Jerusalem that was formed of rock in the shape of a man’s skull, and both the Romans and the Jews were familiar with the location by the name of Calvary.Why are we here?There were a variety of factors at play.According to the Romans, this location outside the city’s gates was a place where they hanged criminals as a reminder to those who came to the city that they did not tolerate lawlessness.In other words, it was the use of capital punishment as a deterrent to criminal activity.It was common procedure for individuals who had been crucified to be kept on the cross for days at a time, and they frequently turned into rotting carcasses that were used as food by carrion eaters.

  1. Only those offenders who were Jewish or who had a family member or friend who could claim the body were brought down and buried.
  2. The body of Jesus was laid to rest in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathaea, who was his cousin (Matthew 27:57-60).
  3. Others were often left to rot on the cross, and their bones were subsequently tossed into a potter’s field to be used as building materials.
  4. An further reason for the crucifixions taking place outside of the city was due to the rigorous Jewish restrictions restricting the closeness of dead bodies to living beings.
  5. Coming into contact with a deceased person entailed a time of ceremonial purification to rid oneself of any uncleanness (Numbers 19:11-22).

In order to prevent anybody from accidently coming into contact with tombs and becoming ceremonially unclean, all tombs around the city were white washed by the Pharisees.In addition, anyone who ″hung on a tree″ was cursed, as was anyone who ″hung on a branch.″ In other words, ″Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us; because it is stated, Cursed is everyone who hangeth on a tree″ (Galatians 3:13).This is a passage from the book of Deuteronomy.In order to prevent thy land from becoming defiled, the LORD thy God has given thee as an inheritance, ″his body shall not remain on the tree all night, but thou shalt in any case bury him that day; (for he who hangs himself is accursed of God;) that thy land may not become defiled, which the LORD thy God has given thee as an inheritance″ (Deuteronomy 21:23).

  1. Consequently, the body of any Jew who had been hanged or crucified had to be brought down before the beginning of a new day, or else the body would be considered defiled.
  2. This practice was sanctioned by the Roman authorities as a means of maintaining peace with the Jewish population.
  3. What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion?
  4. Golgotha is the site of Jesus’ crucifixion by the Romans, and it

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