Jesus Died At What Age?

How Old Was Jesus When He Died?

As Easter approaches, many people may begin to wonder about some of the less well-known details of Jesus’ life and ministry.We’re curious in his appearance, what clothes he wore, how tall he was, and what kind of food he ate.While contemplating Jesus’ humanity, we can’t help but ask ourselves these kinds of questions, especially as the day of his death draws closer.One question comes up rather frequently because we want to know how valuable it is in comparison to our own lives.What was Jesus’ age at the time of his death?Was he a young man?

Was he of a certain age?Was he in the prime of his life at the time of his death?Was he weakened by his advanced age and the responsibilities of a long life?It facilitates our ability to identify in some manner with Jesus at this particular time.As we contemplate our own mortality, his humanity screams out to us from the threshold of death.

Remember that the resurrection is taking place right now.In addition to you, it is also yours.Scholars have long speculated that Jesus was roughly 33 years old when he was crucified, and their speculations have proven correct.Here’s where you can get your FREE Holy Week Guide.

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How Do We Determine Jesus’ Age?

There are no scriptures in the Bible that tell us how old Jesus was when he died.It is only via verses that we can determine his age at various points in his life, as well as the cultural expectations of his religion community around significant events in a person’s life, that we may learn more about him.The dates when he began his ministry and the length of time he spent in ministry up to his death are the ones to keep an eye out for since they are related to his death.But first and foremost, we need to know when he was born.It has been estimated that this occurred between the years four and zero BC.In Luke 3:23, we learn that Jesus was roughly thirty years old when he began his career (26-30 AD) and that he remained in ministry for three years, putting Jesus’ death between 29 and 33 AD.

In addition to the circumcision and Temple salvation, the Bar-Mitzvah and reaching the age of majority would have been significant events in Jesus’ life (20 years old).

What Were Some Milestones in Jesus’ Childhood?

When we try to figure out how old Jesus was, we must take into consideration anything that is described in Hebrews 4:15.He was completely free of sin.As a result of his Jewish background, he was raised to believe that he was flawless in accordance with the Law of Moses.Whether or not he was perfect according to the Law of Moses indicates that the expectations of the communal life guided by the Law were satisfied in a satisfactory manner.This implies that if we look closely, we can track some of his life milestones and use that information to construct a rough chronology of his existence.Here are some of the ones we have in the Bible: Circumcision was performed when the child was eight days old (Luke 2:21).

The Mosaic Law stipulated that all men were compelled to do so.Among the Jewish traditions, circumcision is a symbol of God’s covenant with Abraham; it is also a sign of the promise and the entry of a male child into the religious life of the Jewish faith.A kid cannot become a member of this religious society unless he has undergone ceremonial circumcision.Presentation in the temple (Luke 2:22).This was done during the cleansing rite forty days following the birth of the child.

This served a variety of functions.As a kid (Jesus) was in contact with his mother’s blood at birthing, the ritual declared him to be clean.Additionally, this was the ceremony that declared the mother (Mary) to be ritually pure following the uncleanness that had been caused by childbirth.Due to the fact that Jesus was the firstborn male, this was also the ceremonial of redemption.

  • In this case, his family acquired the firstborn male by sacrifice (redemption), because all firstborn male kids (human or otherwise) incur a debt to the Temple.
  • Teaching at the Temple when I was twelve years old (Luke 2:41-51).
  • This occurred one year before the Jewish age of Bar-Mitzvah was reached (Son of the Commandment).
  • At a time when Jesus was still considered a kid and when his father was still held accountable for his moral acts, Jesus stands alongside and educates the instructors in the Temple.

This is significant because it demonstrates that Jesus possessed intellect much superior to that of the most educated of the Jewish faith even before he was deemed accountable for himself or allowed to participate in religious rites.When the Magi came to visit, I was only two years old (Matthew 2:16).Another event in Jesus’ life occurred at a time when his religious and moral upbringing were not in play.Using the information provided by the Gospel of Matthew, we may establish the ages of additional individuals associated with Jesus’ life.

  1. In order to prevent any children under the age of two from being born in Bethlehem, Herod ordered his men to murder any children under the age of two who were present during their talk.
  2. As a result, we know that Jesus was two years old when the Magi came to honor him.
  3. We can also infer that Jesus’ family remained in Bethlehem for a period of two years following the birth of their son.
  4. While it is possible that Jesus was born in a stable, it is more likely that his family had relocated to a more permanent residence.

Do We Know What Jesus Was Doing as a Young Adult?

The Bible does not provide us a detailed account of Jesus’ life from the age of twelve until he reached full manhood, but it does provide us with some indications of what he was up to during that period.Mark 6:3 has a line that was written by individuals who did not have a favourable opinion of Jesus, but they did mention something that they were aware of concerning him.He is known as ″the carpenter″ by those who have grown up with him and have known him since childhood.The fact that his father Joseph was a carpenter by profession is also known from other scriptures, and it would have been expected in the culture that Jesus would have learnt his father’s craft and carried on the family business.Another point to consider is that Jesus lived in close vicinity to the Herods (Kings of Israel, Judah, and Palestine), who were engaged in major construction projects at the period.It is not impossible that Jesus may have worked on some of these projects while he was a young man because they required a considerable quantity of labor to be completed successfully.

Many academics have speculated for a long time that Jesus may have been a member of the Essene movement when he was a young man.Dr.Simon J.Joseph goes into much detail about this here.The legitimacy of this concept, as well as its implications for the Christian faith, have been the subject of several debates.

The Essenes are not particularly mentioned by name in the Bible at any point in time.Having said that, there is a compelling reason why some academics have advocated for this.As a result, Jesus’ teachings on the latter days and communal life are consistent with some of the themes that the Essene community was intensely concerned about at the time of his death.They also shared common adversaries in the Pharisees, Sadducees, High Priest, Sanhedrin, and Roman invaders, as well as in the Pharisees and Sadducees.

  • A further point in favor of the thesis is the fact that Jesus did not marry.
  • In addition to this, Luke 22:7-13 provides a plethora of opportunities for conjecture.
  • Carrying water was considered a woman’s responsibility in Jesus’ day.
  • The disciples were instructed to follow a guy who was bringing water.

If a household possessed slaves, the slaves may be assigned to this work, although this was typically a female-only responsibility.Men would only bring water in a family if there were no female members present.According to this report from the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Essenes were known to be present in Jerusalem at the time, and they were known to dwell in houses that were divided according to gender.The males would have been responsible for procuring their own water in the male dwellings.

  1. In this chapter, there is also the question of what Jesus instructs his disciples to say to one another.
  2. He instructs them to inform the owner of the home that ″The Teacher″ requires a location in which to spend the Passover holiday with them.
  3. The ″Teacher of Righteousness″ was the title given to the leader of the Essene society in ancient times.
  4. While we cannot be certain that Jesus was a member of the Essene community, it appears that he was at the very least aware of the Essene sect’s Jerusalem branch, its practices, and its teachings, according to the evidence.

How Old Was Jesus When He Began His Ministry?

When Jesus reached the age of thirty, he would have been eligible to begin serving in the ministry.According to Luke 3:23, Jesus was around thirty years old when he began his preaching.For him to be permitted to teach in the Temple area of Jerusalem, he would have needed to come from a lineage that authorized him to do so.According to Luke 1:5, his mother, Mary, was a relative of Elizabeth, who was later proven to be the daughter of Aaron.The fact that Jesus is descended from Abraham gives him the authority to function in the teaching capacity that he assumed when he visited the Temple.Numbers 4:3 establishes the standards for the Jewish priesthood about the age at which a man is eligible to begin his full ministry: thirty years old.

A number of incidents are depicted in the Gospel of Luke to mark Jesus’ initiation into the ministry.He was baptized (Luke 3:21), tempted (Luke 4:1-12), practiced (Luke 4:14), and taught in the synagogue (Luke 4:15), among other things (Luke 4:16-22).The significance of this sequence of milestones and occurrences may be understood on a number of different levels.First and foremost, it shows to us that Jesus not only has ancestry via King David, allowing him to claim royal power, but he also has lineage through Aaron, allowing him to claim the post of High Priest.There are spiritual causes for Jesus’ confrontations with both temporal and spiritual powers throughout his lifetime, according to this passage.

The second issue, which is more relevant to our discussion, is that we know how old Jesus was when he began his career, and we know that he was in ministry for approximately three years as a result of his age.This puts his age at the time of his death on the cross at thirty-three years old.Now we can compare Jesus’ age to our own, as well as his society, and determine whether or not he was an exception or reflective of the norm.The typical lifespan in Jesus’ day, according to several sources, was thirty-five years old, which would make Jesus appear to be a much older man at the time of his death.

  • In contrast, when the enormous statistical weighting of infant mortality is removed from the equation, it is revealed that people who reached the age of five had an average life expectancy of 56 years (+/- 15.5 years), according to a study published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine and conducted by JP Griffin.
  • I would have to agree that Jesus died very young when compared to his contemporaries.
  • I believe he honestly sacrificed his life, not taking into consideration how much of it he still had left on the planet.
  • When he tallied up the expenses, he concluded that we were worth it.

What Does This Mean for Believers?

Many people are called by God to serve in ministry.While some people begin at a young age, and this has been the accepted standard for a long time, the tide is turning on this.Many persons who have entered the ministry in recent years have done so as second or third jobs, according to statistics (including the author of this article).Prior to entering the ministry, Jesus worked as a carpenter, which was a very different profession.Don’t allow your age deter you from pursuing your goals.Even if you are a child, keep in mind that Jesus was twelve years old when he gave his first public teaching to the Temple instructors.

If you believe you have been called by God to serve in the ministry, you should speak with your pastor or another ministry leader to express your thoughts and feelings.Spend a short amount of time discerning, and then follow God’s direction.Living in the midst of what God has called you to accomplish is the most fulfilling experience there is.The fact that Jesus died should be the most important factor to consider when examining his age at the time of his death.This is the most important message that has been proclaimed throughout the heavens: God loves his creation so much that he did not throw them away as trash, but came and died in their place to pay the penalty for their sins.

His age is significant in that he was not a kid and was able to make his own decisions while on Earth, since he was not compelled to do so.His death was the result of his decision to commit suicide.In addition, he did not die by natural causes.It was a horrible, violent, and terrifying sight to witness.

  • He was prepared to pay such a high price for the sake of his family.
  • Jesus could have lived for a longer period of time, but he decided to die as soon as all of God’s objectives for his time with us were fulfilled.
  • He was here for a long enough period of time to demonstrate to us how to live, how to die, and how to live again in eternity.
  • Credit for the image goes to Getty Images/mumemories Larry White is the pastor of Ephesus Baptist Church, which is located in Sanford, North Carolina.

At what age did Jesus Christ die?

Shawn Brasseaux contributed to this article.According to the Holy Bible, two ways are available for determining the age of Christ at the time of His death on the cross for our sins.″And Jesus himself started to be about thirty years of age, being (as was assumed) the son of Joseph, who in turn was the son of Heli,…″ (See Luke 3:23.) The Bible says that his ministry lasted about three years, according to Luke 13: ″ He also told the following parable: A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and when he came to look for fruit on it, he discovered that there was none.Then he said to the man who looked after his vineyard, ″Behold, I’ve been coming here for three years looking for fruit on this fig tree, and I’ve come up with nothing: chop it down; why is it clogging up the ground?″ And he responded by saying, ″Lord, let it alone this year as well, till I dig around it and dung it; and if it bears fruit, good; but if it does not, then thou shalt chop it down after that.″ As a result, we may estimate that Jesus was around 33 years old when He died.For the second time, only John’s Gospel Record has a timetable of the annual Passover feasts that took place throughout Christ’s earthly mission.The first miracle of Jesus is described in Chapter 2 (verses 1-11), when he transforms water into wine at the bridal feast at Cana.

See also:  How Did Jesus Express Humility?

This occurred around the time of the first Passover (verses 13,23).It appears that a second Passover is inferred in John 5:1, despite the fact that it is not specifically mentioned in Scripture like the other two.Another Passover is seen in Chapter 6, verse 4.Finally, from John 11:5 forward (12:1; 13:1; 18:28,39; 19:14) is the fourth and final Passover, which is also the one during which Jesus dies on the cross.In other words, we find three Passovers in a row among the four that occur annually.

We have the ability to fine-tune our response.If we place Christ’s birth in late September, around the time of the Feast of Tabernacles, rather than on December 25th, we gain a bit more insight into His final years on the planet.(See the associated research linked below for more information.) Passover was celebrated in the Jewish month of Abib (or Nisan), which corresponds roughly to our month of April (technically, it covers the latter half of March and the first half of April).So, if Christ died in April and had just turned 33 the previous September, He would have been a half-year older at the time of His death than He would have been otherwise.

  • As a result, he would have been executed at the age of 331 and a half years.
  • Quite a young age, in fact!
  • Check out these other articles: » Was Jesus truly born on December 25th?
  • » What was the length of Christ’s earthly ministry?

» Is it true that Jesus Christ was killed on Friday?

How old was Jesus (Yeshua) when He died?

What was Yeshua’s age at the time of His death?

Bible Answer:

The Bible does not specify how old Yeshua – Jesus – was at the time of His death.Nonetheless, scripture provides us with sufficient knowledge to assist us in piecing everything together.Information has been provided to us by historians.The gospel authors tell us how old He was when He began His ministry and offer us hints as to how long He was in ministry at that point.When we put all of the pieces together, we discover that Jesus was between the ages of 34 and 35.

Year of Jesus’ Birth

Jack Finegan’s lengthy, well-documented comparative research, published recently, has proved, utilizing a substantial amount of historical data, that Jesus’ birth took place about 3-2 BCE, rather than 6-4 BCE as previously thought.This historical testimony about the birth of Jesus is based on chronologies provided by the following authors: Dionysius Exigius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Hippolytus of Rome, Hippolytus of Thebes, Irenaeus, Josephus, Julius Africanus, Origen, Paulus Orosuis, and Tertulian (see below for a list of sources).The moment of Herod the Great’s death is linked to a lunar eclipse, according to these ancient accounts.Jack Finegan has demonstrated that Herod the Great most likely died in the year 1 B.C.by combining this knowledge with other historical data.This is significant since Herod died some time after the birth of Jesus (Matthew 2:19) This lends credibility to the theory that Jesus was born in the year 3-2 B.C.

Please also ″The Prophecy of Daniel’s 70 Weeks″ for further evidence supporting this view.

Jesus’ Ministry Started About A.D. 29

When Jesus began His public ministry, according to the gospel writers, He was around thirty years old.When Jesus began His public ministry, he was around thirty years old…Luke 3:23 (NIV) (NASB) It is possible that Jesus began His ministry as early as six months before or as late as six months after his 30th birthday.The fact that He was born in the third century BC means that His ministry may have begun as early as A.D.28 (at the age of 30 minus three centuries BC plus one year) or as late as A.D.29 (at the age of 30 minus two centuries BC plus one year).

Remember that there is no zero year between the years 1 B.C.and 1 A.D., thus we just count one year between the years 1 B.C.and 1 A.D.This material indicates that Jesus began His ministry about the year A.D.28-29.

These are approximate dates because we are told that He began His ministry when he was around thirty years old.The first stage in finding the year in which Jesus began His career is to establish the date in which John the Baptist began his ministry.According to the gospel of Luke, John the Baptist’s ministry began during the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign, or in the year A.D.28.

  • Considering that John the Baptist began his career before Christ, this would indicate that Jesus began His ministry after John the Baptist (see Luke 3:1, 21), probably about the year 29-30 A.D.
  • This also implies that Jesus had to have been born around the year 2 B.C.
  • or maybe in the year 1 A.D., right before Herod the Great passed away.

Length Of Jesus’ Ministry Lasted  3-4 Years 

The ministry of Jesus lasted at least three years, and it may have lasted as long as four years in total.The gospel of John unequivocally informs us that at least three Passovers were observed during the lifetime of Jesus.If Jesus’ ministry lasted three to four years, it would have come to a close in the year 32-34 A.D., when he would have been 33 to 34 years old, according to some estimates.

Date of Jesus’ Death

We know that Jesus could have died only within the two years of A.D.30 or A.D.33 since the gospels claim that he died on a Friday during the Passover festival, which we believe to be true.The timing of Passover is noteworthy since it can only occur during a full moon, which is when the holiday is celebrated.Passover was chosen by the Jews based on the lunar cycle.Lunar eclipses occurred solely on Fridays in the years A.D.

30 and A.D.33 between the years A.D.29 and A.D.35, with the exception of the years A.D.29 and A.D.

35.The year A.D.33 is the only year that qualifies as the year in which Christ died since he could not have died in A.D.30, making it the only year in which He could have died.

Conclusion:

This suggests that Jesus was between the ages of 33 and 34 when He died.

References:

1. Jack Finegan’s Handbook of Biblical Chronology, published by Hendricksen Publishers in 1998. Johnston M. Cheney is the second author. The Story of Christ Told in Three Dimensions. 226–236. Published by Western Baptist Seminary Press in 1696. Cheny and Ellisen, number three. Multnomah Books, 1994, pp. 274-275. The Greatest Story, Multnomah Books, 1994.

Suggested Links:

Seventy-week prophecy of Daniel’s life Is it possible that Jesus was resurrected on the same day that Noah’s ark came to rest on Mt Ararat? When is the Passover holiday celebrated? Dates of Passover observance – A.D. 30-33

When Was Jesus Born, and When Did He Die?

While Christians commemorate Christmas and Easter on an annual basis, few are aware of the dates on which Jesus was born and when he was crucified.Not that any significant theology is founded on the calculations presented here, but it is comforting to know that we may have fair confidence in the dates of Jesus’ birth and death, which can be determined from a mix of biblical and extrabiblical historical facts, as demonstrated below.I may not be prepared to put my life on the line for the accuracy of the information provided below, but I am confident enough in my calculations to have my van’s license plate displayed as follows: 5BC–AD33.So here’s what you need to know: Jesus’ birth most likely occurred in late November of the year 5 B.C.(the most authoritative treatment of this topic that I am aware of is Paul L.Maier’s ″The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus’ Life,″ in Chronos, karios, Christos: Nativity and Chronological Studies Presented to Jack Finegan, 113–30; see also Paul L.

Maier, ″The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus’ Life,″ in As a side note, this would give Herod (who died in 4 B.C.) ample time to prepare his campaign to have all the boys two years old and younger in Bethlehem and the surrounding area slaughtered, as well as for Jesus to be born (see Matt 2:16, 19).The crucifixion of Jesus most likely took place on Friday, April 3, A.D.33.According to Luke 3:1–3, John the Baptist, Jesus’ forerunner, began his ministry ″in the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar’s rule,″ which means ″in the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.″ Tacitus (Annales 4:4) and Suetonius (Tiberius 73:1) both place the beginning of Tiberius’ rule at A.D.14 (the actual date is August 19, the day of Emperor Augustus’ death) and state that Tiberius was the first Roman emperor.

As a result, dating from August 19, A.D.14, the 15th year of Tiberius’ rule gets us to the year A.D.29 (14 plus 15 = 29).

According to the Gospels

The Bible states that Jesus was ″around 30 years old″ when he began his public ministry in Luke 3:23.If Jesus was born in 5 B.C.(as argued above) and began his public ministry shortly after the death of John the Baptist (that is, in the latter part of the year A.D.29), as indicated by all four Gospels, this would mean that Jesus was approximately 33 years old when he began his public ministry (see H.W.Hoehner, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, 31–37; and B.

Messner, ″’In the Fifteenth According to John’s Gospel, Jesus appeared during at least three Passovers: (1) in Jerusalem (2:13, 23); (2) in Galilee (6:4); and (3) once again in Jerusalem (2:13, 23).(11:55; 12:1).There’s also a good chance he went to a fourth Passover that wasn’t documented in John but was recorded in the Synoptics (Matt 12:1 pars.?This comes up to a total of around 3 12 years for Jesus’ public ministry.If Jesus began his preaching in late A.D.

29, the crucifixion would take place in A.D.33, according to the calendar.It just so happens that, due to astronomical calculations, the years A.D.30 and 33 are the only possible dates for Jesus’ crucifixion in terms of the date of Passover in these two years (for more information on the dating of the four Passovers in question, see, for example, C.

  • J.
  • Humphreys and W.
  • G.
  • Waddington, ″The Jewish Calendar, a Lunar Eclipse, and the Date of Christ’s Crucifixion,″ Tyndale Bulletin The temple was built 46 years ago according to John 2:20 (see A.

J.Köstenberger, John, 109–10 for a translation of this verse).In accordance with Josephus’s account, the renovation of the temple building proper began in 20/19 B.C.(Antiquities 15.11.1 380) and was completed eighteen months later in 18/17 B.C.

  1. (Antiquities 15.11.6 421).
  2. Again, calculating backwards from 18/17 B.C.
  3. and adding 46 years leads us to A.D.
  4. 29 (there was no year zero)—a fantastic method to double-check our calculations from before.
  1. Consider the chart in A.
  2. J.
  3. Köstenberger, John (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004), 11–13, as well as the comments at 1:19 and 2:20 in that book, as well as the prior article on Johannine chronology here.
  4. For more information, see H.
  5. W.

Hoehner, ″Chronology,″ in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (eds J.B.Green and S.McKnight; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1992), pp.118–22 (also available in print).

Also,

How Old was Jesus when He Died?

If we are to follow in Jesus’ footsteps and be loyal in giving our lives for the sake of others, shouldn’t we also be knowledgeable about the actual circumstances surrounding his death and resurrection? What we think about Jesus’ death is extremely crucial in our lives. It has an impact on how we live our lives, with whom we spend our time, and how we perceive the world.

When Did Jesus Live?

There were numerous historians and writers who documented the history of the first century, which was a turbulent period for the world at the time.For example, we know that Herod the Great reigned from 37 BC to 4 BC, and that he died in 4 BC.Additionally, we know that Pontius Pilate governed from 26 AD to 36 AD, as indicated by coins that were struck during his time in power.We know from historical records and Roman architecture that large Jewish temples were still standing in Jerusalem at the time of Christ’s death and resurrection.Reading through the gospels and other New Testament literature, we discover a number of indications that point to the time period in which Jesus really lived.The Gospels tell us that Jesus was born during the time of Herod the Great (Matthew 2:1), who reigned from 4 B.C.

to 4 A.D., according to Matthew.As a result, Jesus might have been born at any point between about 6 B.C.and 4 B.C.It is recorded in the Gospel of Luke that John the Baptist began his ministry in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign (Luke 3:1).As a result, the beginning of Jesus’ career must have occurred after that period and must have lasted no more than three and a half years (Luke 9:7) until he was killed under Pontius Pilate (Luke 23:13–25) under the reign of Tiberius Caesar (Luke 3:1; Acts 10:37).

According to this evidence, Jesus’ birth date is around 6 B.C., his ministry dates are approximately 27–29 B.C., and he was ″roughly thirty″ or 30 years old at the time of his death (Luke 3:23).

How Old was Jesus when He Died?

Despite the fact that the Bible recounts Jesus’ death on several times, the Bible does not specify the precise age at which he died.It is possible to determine Jesus’ age accurately by studying a number of different biblical texts.Several centuries after his death, Jesus was crucified outside of Jerusalem, according to the Bible.Multiple biblical sources all agree on the date and place of Jesus’ crucifixion, including the Gospel of Matthew.The gospel of Mark, which is assumed to have been written in the 60s CE, has the earliest recorded mention of the crucifixion.Jesus was crucified on the third day, according to this gospel, following his capture by Roman troops, according to the text (Mark 15:42).

According to the gospels of Matthew and Luke, as well as the gospel of John, Jesus was crucified a few hours before sunset (Matthew 27:45; Luke 23:44; John 19:14).As a result of the time it would have taken to plan a public execution in ancient Rome, prepare the cross, and carry out such a complex legal process as a crucifixion, it’s likely that these gospels date Jesus’ death to approximately midday or early afternoon.When it comes to historical events, the crucifixion of Jesus is one of the most well-documented in human history.It is reported by four different sources that the crucifixion took place on the precise day and hour that they claim: The Jewish historian Josephus, the Roman historian Tacitus, the Jewish philosopher Phlegon, and the Christian apologist Justin Martyr all contributed to the history of the world.All four gospel sources agree on the year of Jesus’ death, which is between 26 and 36 AD.

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Why Did Jesus Die for our Sins?

In Christian theology, the theory of the atonement is one of the most fundamental beliefs because it provides an answer to the question ″why did Jesus suffer for our sins?″ A fundamental question in the Christian faith, this is it.Not only does this theology inform us of what God has done for us in Christ, but it also informs us of who we are as a result of his work.Because if Jesus Christ did not die for our sins, we are still in our sins, and there is no hope for us in the world.It is impossible to stand before God on the Day of Judgement if you are aware that you have sinned against a holy and just God.You are unable to do so!So Jesus had to die on the crucifixion, so that He might take our place on the cross and face all of our retribution and anger in our place.

We owe it to God to offer His Son as a sacrifice for our sins.We were deserving of death since we had broken God’s commandment.God, on the other hand, loved us so much that He sent His Son to die in our place on the cross, taking all of our retribution and anger onto Himself.At the cross, Jesus died in our place—he took our place as a substitute for our sin.

How Should We Live in Light of Jesus’ Death?

″Despite the fact that I have been crucified with Christ, I live; but it is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me: and the life that I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself up for me.″ Paul writes in Galatians 2:20 that The way we used to live has been nailed to the cross along with Jesus’ death and resurrection.In our place, he died and paid the price for our sins.We are no longer doomed to a life of sin and depravity.Because the old way of life is no longer in existence, we may now walk in the newness of life.″If, while still God’s enemies, we were reconciled to him by the death of his Son, how much more will we be saved through his life after we have been reconciled?″ (See also Romans 5:10) We experience newness of life as a result of our belief in Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection.Through Jesus’ death on the cross, God’s wrath against us for our sin has been quenched, and we have found peace with him.

Due to Jesus’ efforts to bring us back into a relationship with him, we have been accepted into God’s family once more (Eph.2:13).As God’s children, we have a new identity that we have acquired (Gal.3:26-28).Rather than being judged on the basis of our actions or lack thereof, we now live a new life based on what Jesus has done for us (Rom 6:1-14; Col.

2:20-23).In order for us to survive, Jesus was crucified between two criminals.This is the fundamental principle of the gospel.

How old was Jesus when Jesus died?

Question: How old was Jesus when he was crucified? Originally Answered: His ministry lasted around three and a half years. That means Jesus was 33 when he died on Nisan 14 in the year 33 CE, which corresponds to Nisan 14 on the Jewish calendar.

How old was Jesus when crucified and died?

The majority of experts believe Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33 AD, which corresponds to 1985 to 1988. Given that we may infer Jesus was around 30 years old when he was baptized and began his ministry, we can safely presume he was well into his 30s when he was killed.

How do we know Jesus died at 33?

‘Jesus was around 30 years old when He was baptized by John, and we know that He was crucified in the year 33 AD (April 3, to be precise; we can accurately place the date of Easter because Passover takes place on a full Moon and there are only two Passovers that century that take place on a Friday.)

What years did Jesus die?

Based on these approaches, the majority of experts believe that Jesus was born between 6 and 4 BC, and that his teaching began about AD 27–29 and lasted between one and three years. They estimate that Jesus’ death took place between AD 30 and AD 36, depending on the source.

What age did Jesus FIE?

Jesus
Born c. 4 BC Herodian Kingdom of Judea, Roman Empire
Died AD 30 or 33 (aged 33–36) Jerusalem, province of Judea, Roman Empire
Cause of death Crucifixion
Parent(s) Mary Joseph

Did Jesus die on Good Friday?

On Good Friday, Christians commemorate Jesus’ execution and death on the cross at Calvary, which took place on the day before Easter. It is commemorated as part of the Paschal Triduum, which takes place during Holy Week.

What date is Jesus birthday?

When we get to the fourth century, however, we discover references to two dates that were generally acknowledged as Jesus’ birthday, and which are currently also honored as such: December 25 in the western Roman Empire and January 6 in the Eastern Roman Empire (especially in Egypt and Asia Minor).

Did Jesus have a wife?

Mary Magdalene in the role of Jesus’ wife According to one of these manuscripts, referred to Mary Magdalene as Jesus’ friend and said that Jesus loved her more than the other disciples. This document is known as the Gospel of Philip.

When did Jesus die the second time?

Christians believe that Jesus did not die a second time after he resurrected from the dead, as some have suggested. As an alternative, 40 days after his resurrection, Jesus was lifted up into the air, body and soul, and returned to the presence of God the Father. The ascension is the name given to this occurrence, which was observed by the eleven disciples who remained after Jesus’ death.

What day did Jesus rise again?

Easter (or Easter Sunday) is the most important Christian festival because it commemorates Jesus’ resurrection. According to Susan J. Clark, it is the most important Christian festival because it commemorates the resurrection of Jesus.

When did Jesus die Easter?

The crucifixion of Jesus, commemorated on the Christian festival of Good Friday (the Friday before Easter), and his subsequent resurrection three days later are stated by the authors of the gospels to demonstrate that he was the living son of God.

What time did Jesus come back to life?

As a Christian, you believe in the resurrection because you believe Jesus rose from the dead three days after he was killed on the cross. Several passages in the Gospel of Luke (24:1–9) provide insight into how Jesus’ followers learned that he had been resurrected: On the Sunday following Jesus’ death, the female disciples of Jesus went to his tomb to pay their respects.

Is Jesus God or his son?

Jesus himself, as well as a number of other persons who figure in the New Testament, refer to himself as the Son of God, both openly and implicitly. Jesus is referred to as the ″son of God,″ and those who follow him are referred to as ″sons of God.″

What was Jesus real name?

Jesus’ given name in Hebrew was ″Yeshua,″ which translates to ″Joshua″ in the English language.

Where is Nazareth now?

Nazareth, Israel’s largest Arab city and one of the largest cities in northern Israel, is located in the beautiful Lower Galilee region of the country and is famous for being the city where Jesus had lived and grown up. Today, the city is the largest Arab city in Israel and one of the largest cities in northern Israel.

How old was Jesus when He died on the cross?

  • No one knows precisely how old Jesus was when He died on the cross, although it seems likely that He was 33 years old at the time of His death. This is based on two key considerations. First and foremost, Jesus was baptized in order to be initiated into the Melchizedek priesthood. ″Then Jesus traveled from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John,″ according to Matthew 3:13-15. Nevertheless, John attempted to dissuade him by stating, ″I require your baptism, and do I require you to come to me?″ When Jesus was asked, he responded, ″Let it be so now
  • it is appropriate for us to do this in order to complete all righteousness.″ Jesus was baptized in order to complete all of righteousness. This fulfillment was most likely in reference to the qualifications for being a priest in the Old Testament, which stipulated that a person must be at least 30 years old. Jesus is a priest in the order of Melchizedek, and he is the Son of God. The Bible says in Hebrews 5:4–6, ″And no one claims the honor for himself, but rather gets it when he is called by God, as Aaron was.″ 5 As a result, Christ did not glorify Himself in order to be made a high priest, but rather He who said to Him, ″YOU ARE MY SON, TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU″
  • 6 just as He says also in another passage, ″YOU ARE A PRIEST FOREVER ACCORDING TO THE ORDER OF MELCHIZEDEK.″
  • Hebrews 6:20, ″where Jesus has entered as a forerunner for us, having become a high

As a result, Jesus was a priest in the order of Melchizedek.Because Jesus stated that he had to ″fulfill all righteousness,″ it is reasonable to conclude that he was completing the requirements of the Old Testament Law (Matt.5:17).According to the Old Testament, a person had to be 30 years old before they could be ordained to the priesthood.″from thirty years of age and upward, up to fifty years of age, those who enter the service to do the job in the tent of meeting,″ says the prophet (Num.4:3).

Luke 3:23 states that ″And when He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being reputedly the son of Joseph, the son of Eli…″ For the second time, the overwhelming majority of Christian academics believe that Jesus’ ministry lasted three and a half years.As a result, the age of 33 is equal to 30 years of age plus 3 1/2 years of ministry.As a result, Jesus was most likely 33 years old at the time of His death on the cross.

Jesus عليه السلام Died At The Age of 120

Ascended Master Gabriel informed me that every succeeding prophet has lived to half the age of his predecessor,’ the Holy Prophet (sa) remarked.And it is true that Jesus, the son of Mary, lived to be 120 years old.So I’m thinking about the possibility of reaching the age of sixty.″ According to Hadrat Fatimatuz-narration Zahra’s of Kankul-‘Ummal, As for the death of Isa(As), this Hadith is very clear, with Muhammad(Saw) even stating the age of Isa’s death in the narration (as).This further demonstrates that Isa(As) died of natural causes, as this occurred more than 50 years after he was subjected to persecution and nailed on a cross.Some non-Ahmadis have attempted to claim that this hadith is unauthentic.First and foremost, they have accused the narrations of being false.

They have no basis for blaming the narrators because this hadith is backed up by Ayeshara, Ibni Umarra, and Fatimahra, among others.Second, they have misinterpreted the meaning of this hadith.That every prophet lived to an age that was double the age of the prophet who came after him is not implied by this hadith in any manner.The implication is that the Prophet survives at least half his or her life expectancy.Each subsequent prophet has lived to be half the age of his predecessor, according to the Arabic tradition of prophethood.

The phrases ″to half the age″ make it apparent that it is referring to at least half of the population.Furthermore, it is mentioned in the books Hijajul Kiramah and Al-Mawahibul-Luduniyyah that Imam Tabarani obtained this narration for his Al Kabir from a chain of narrators that is made of extremely credible and genuine narrations, and that Imam Tabarani used this narration for his Al Kabir.Similarly, Ibn Hajr (rh) accepts this hadith, while also explaining that there is a variety of opinion on the age of Hazrat Isa (as).All of the scans may be found in the references area of this website.

The Phrasing is Not a Direct Comment on Jesus being over 40 Years Old

  • Irenaeus makes a logical mistake in this instance, partially because he fails to recognize the context and unique importance of the sentence in question.
  • Background Rather than being a direct reference to Jesus’ age (he was over 40 years old at the time), the number 50 is used because of its significance in the Levitical priesthood.
  • Numbers chapter 4 depicts the initiation of the Levites into duty for the tabernacle’s maintenance and rites, as recorded in the Bible.
  • It has been said several times that those who were put in position were between the ages of 30 and 50 years old (v.3, 23, 30, 35, 39, 43, 47).
  • The lowest age limit for service was really 25 years old, although no one that young was required to be enrolled in the first place because of the circumstances (hence the numbering of 30-50).
  • The top limit, on the other hand, was very clearly defined and spoken loudly in Numbers 8:23-26, notably verse 25 (NKJV): 23 Afterwards, the LORD spoke to Moses and said, 24 ″According to the Levites, one may enter to do duty in the tabernacle of meeting when he or she is twenty-five years old or older; 25 and when they reach the age of fifty years, they must discontinue performing this service and shall not labor any more.
  1. 26 They may assist their brethren in the tabernacle of meeting by attending to their necessities, but they are not permitted to perform any labor themselves.
  2. ″In the same way, you shall treat the Levites in relation to their responsibilities.″ A person might still serve the Lord after the age of fifty, but not in the physical labour of the tabernacle.
  3. They were relieved of some of their obligations in transporting the tabernacle under King David (1 Chr 23:25-32), but they were also assigned special duties of gratitude and praise by him as a result of the restoration of peace (1 Chr 23:30, 2 Chr 7:6, 8:14, et.

al.; cf.1 Chr 28:13, 21).It is also important to remember that the Levites occupied a unique position in God’s eyes, and that they were considered a special property (Num 8:14, 18): 14 The Levites will be Mine, and you will be responsible for separating them from among the children of Israel.Instead of all of the firstborn of the children of Israel, I have chosen the Levites as my subjects.The context of the conversation in John 8 reveals why this historical background is crucial in this topic.

The Appropriate Context for John 8 In John 8, Jesus is addressing to the religious workers of His day, the Pharisees (for example, in v.13), who worked in the temple area (for example, in v.20), as well as a broader group of Jewish people, collectively referred to as ″the Jews″ (v.22).According to part of John 8, Jesus is announcing to the world his service for God not just as a worker (v.26), but also as a Son (v.28-29), as one who had a particular position in the Father’s sight, a place that others with whom He was in conflict did not have (v.37-38).Rather than performing the works of Abraham, whom they claimed to be their father (v.39), much less the works of God, whom they also claimed to be their father (v.41), they were performing those of Satan (v.44), and therefore were not serving or honoring God in any way (v.47).As soon as Jesus argues that obeying His word keeps one from dying (v.51), His opponents feel they have captured Him.After all, Abraham and the prophets are dead (vv.52-53), and they assume that they could not have heard, much less kept, His word, they believe they have captured Him.

  1. After that, in verse 56, Jesus makes the astonishing claim that: Your father Abraham delighted to see My day, and he saw it and rejoiced in it.
  2. This:
  1. Implied Abraham was aware of Jesus’ day (or, in context, at the very least of His ministry of the word of God, as discussed in John 8), for it states Abraham had foreseen Jesus’ ministry and that Abraham was pleased with Jesus’ work for the Father
  2. and it states Abraham was pleased with Jesus’ work for the Father
  • As a result, the setting for verse 57 is a comparison of acts and service between the Jews and Jesus toward God, as well as the nature of the two groups’ location in regard to the Father, and which group truly possessed a distinct placement in relation to the Father.
  • On the heels of Jesus’ audacious claim regarding Abraham’s knowledge, they counter with the question: ″You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?″ It is written in Greek more directly: v,; fifty years have not yet passed, and you have seen Abraham.
  • There are a few manuscripts that substitute the letter 1 for the letter a, making the last line ″Abraham has seen you?″ It is evident from any translation that Abraham and Jesus share a special understanding of each other’s personalities.
  • How is this possible?
  • The disciples are perplexed since Jesus is less than fifty years old, which means that he is not even old enough to be deemed retired from temple duty under the Levitical rule, let alone old enough to know Abraham, who has long since passed away.
  • The Pharisees were well-versed in the Law (at least in its letter), and the allusion is intended to be taken in context with that.
  1. Despite the fact that they are not Levites (as were the Pharisees) the allusion is to the sole ″retirement″ age in Levitical law (at least, the only one that comes to mind right away), and Jesus had not even reached that age yet, so how could He (how dare He!) make such a bold statement?
  2. Conclusion The reference to Jesus being 50 years old in John 8:57 does not necessarily imply that He is still in his thirties, but rather that He is not yet old enough to be considered retired from working in the service of God in the tabernacle/temple service2, much less old enough to have seen the day when Abraham was resurrected.
See also:  Why Did The Jews Kill Jesus

Why Irenaeus Argues what He does of Jesus’ Age

  • It is possible that Peter Kirby’s piece, which talks through the cultural environment of Irenaeus’s period, is intended to demonstrate that philosophical and cultural ideology dictated his interpretation (though I do not believe this is Kirby’s express goal), is a misunderstanding of the text.
  • This is what he says at the end of his paper (bolding added by me, with additional notations in brackets provided below): Irenaeus was of sound mind at the time of his writing, which was in accordance with tradition and scripture.
  • As opposed to suppressing his voice, it is necessary to explain the cultural context of the passage and demonstrate that the five stages of life that he sees in Christ, culminating in an age of death near 50, are drawn directly from cultural assumptions about the stages of life and the prime of life that were commonplace in hisday, especially among those with a Greek education.
  • In reference to the line from Against Heresies 2.22.6, which was mentioned in part by the OP in the question.
  • Iranaeus’ earlier statements in Against Heresies 2.22.4, where Kirby summarizes Iranaeus’ thought on the stages of life as ″infants, children, boys, youth, and old men,″ which Iranaeus believed Christ had to have passed through all of the stages in order to sanctify and be an example for each stage of life, are cited in Kirby’s explanation of the seven stages of life in Greek philosophy, but of these five stages, he refers to Irana Kirby had already established that the number 49, or 7 x 7, represented the theoretically accepted age of perfection and development of the intellect.
  • In the setting of highly orthodox Jews within the Temple, rather than among the Greek philosophers, it is Irenaeus’ day, not necessarily Jesus’ day, though it was probably so even then among the Greeks.
  1. As a result, Iranaeus had a combination of Greek philosophical and cultural background regarding the stages of life and prime age of life, which he combined with a preconceived theological backdrop of Christ needing to pass through all stages of life in order to fulfill His sanctifying and exemplary work, which drove his exegetical understanding of the John 8:57 reference to the stages of life.
  2. As Kirby points out, this, combined with a statement that appears logical on the surface, that one would not mention 50 if the person was not in their 40s, does demonstrate that Irenaeus ″was of sound mind at the time he wrote.″ I just believe Iranaeus failed to consider the Jewish context of the actual event in which the statement took place, superseding it with a Greek context of his day.

Typical Evidences for Jesus in His 30’s at His Death

  • The first section of Luke 3:23 (NKJV/Majority Text) serves as the beginning point for most academics who believe that Jesus was somewhere about 30 years old at the time of his crucifixion: Jesus, on the other hand, began His ministry when he was around thirty years old.
  • o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 3 As a result, it is fairly unambiguous that Jesus’ ministry work began when he was ″about″ (30 years old), according to Luke’s gospel (which, depending on how loose an approximation one wants to consider that statement, means He was likely 29-32 years old—just about to be 30, or close enough past 30 to use the round number of 30 to indicate his general age).
  • Take notice of the fact that this number is also related with the Levitical priestly service ages that were previously mentioned.
  • 30 was the most typical age at which to begin, whereas 25 was the very earliest age to begin.
  • There are only three Passovers that Jesus is mentioned as having attended throughout His mission period (John 2:13; 6:4; 11:55), therefore they must be taken into consideration as well.
  • Unless otherwise stated, views on when Christ was born, when His ministry began in relation to John the Baptist’s ministry (which can be determined for its start date by Luke 3:1-3), and the most likely years of when Jesus died, based on historical facts that are known, are the primary factors in dating Christ as having lived only into his thirties.
  1. Harold Hoehner has written a series of essays on a number of these dating concerns, and while I do not necessarily agree with all of his conclusions, the essential evidence connected to Irenaeus’s opinion is mostly comprised of the following: 4
  1. ″although it is impossible to determine the exact moment of Christ’s birth, historians believe it was sometime between 6 and 4 B.C..″ (Hoehner, ″Part I,″ 348
  2. he explains the various difficulties, but the key passage related to the earliest number is Luke 2:1-5, where there was a census being done at the time of Christ’s birth, which census ″first took place while Quirinius was governing Syria″ (Hoehner, ″Part I,″ 348)
  3. he explains the various difficulties, but the key passage related to the earliest number is Luke 2:1-5, where there was a census being done (v.2). The particular date of the event is where the most of the confusion exists at this point. A significant portion of Hoehner’s ″Part I″ explains his argument for believing that Christ was born around 6 B.C., which he believes to be the most likely date. According to Hoehner’s ″Part III,″ 147, ″Christ could not have been crucified later than the winter of A.D. 36/37″ because Pilate was central to Jesus’ crucifixion (e.g. John 19)
  4. ″He was crucified before Herod the Great’s departure from Judea in the winter of A.D. 36/37″ because Pilate was central to Jesus’ crucifixion (e.g. Mt 2:1
  5. Lk 1:
  • As a result, from 6 B.C. to 37 A.D., the maximum age is 43. This is still consistent with Irenaeus’ understanding of Christ as being in His 40s, but only if the extreme points for His birth and death are taken into consideration. After going into further depth about the crucifixion dating, Hoehner comes to the conclusion that ″just two viable dates for the crucifixion, namely, A.D. 30 and 33″ are possible as a consequence of additional restricting circumstances (″Part V,″ 338). While Hoehner himself believes that the time period from B.C. 5 to A.D. 33 is the most likely period for Jesus’ life, if one accepts His argumentation in general, the evidence does not allow for Christ to have been in his 40s at the time of the crucifixion, and as a result, most scholars have regarded Irenaeus as being incorrect on this point as well. NOTES 1 & 2 Nestle-Aland: NTG Apparatus Criticus, Barbara Aland, Kurt Aland, Johannes Karavidopoulos, Carlo M. Martini, and Bruce M. Metzger, eds., 28 rev. ed. (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2012), notes on John 8:57. Eberhard Nestle and Erwin Nestle, Nestle-Aland: NTG Apparatus Criticus, Barbara Al This is the only notable difference between the two versions of the text. 2 ″Fifty years was the completion of manhood for Jews,″ according to Alford (quoted in Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible), and a roughly contemporaneous quotation, ″The fiftieth year was the full age of a man, Numb. 4:3,″ is also used to support this position (quotingTholuck in John Peter Lange and Philip Schaff, A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: John). Despite the fact that I have not found a definitive statement stating that the Jews did in fact believe this was the age for ″the completion of manhood″ (which sounds a little ‘final’ to me), it is possible that such a view was exaggerated in light of the information from Numbers chapter 4, as the quote from Tholuck includes a reference to Num 4:3. 3 In some versions, the article is omitted before the name, and in others, the word order is different, like in the UBS/NA28 version: If you have any questions, please contact us at [email protected] or [phone number]. The meaning of the text is not altered in any way by these changes in style. 4 Bibliotheca Sacra published Harold Hoehner’s ″Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ″ in five parts over three years/volumes, which was published in five parts over three years/volumes. (1973) ″Part I: The Date of Christ’s Birth,″ 130:338-351
  • ″Part II: The Date of Christ’s Death,″ 130:338-351
  • (1974) ″Part II: The Beginning of Christ’s Ministry,″ says the author. 131:41-54
  • ″Part III: The Duration of Christ’s Ministry,″ (1974) ″Part III: The Duration of Christ’s Ministry,″ The following sections are included: (1974) ″Part IV: The Day of Christ’s Crucifixion,″ 131:241-264
  • (1974) ″Part V: The Year of Christ’s Crucifixion,″ 131:332-348
  • (1975) ″Part VI: Daniel’s Seventy Weeks and New Testament Chronology,″ 132:47-65
  • (1975) ″Part VII: The Seventy Weeks and the New Testament Chronology,″ 132:47-65

How old was Jesus when he was crucified?

  • This is a question that has been argued by academics for a long period of time.
  • With the exception of general historical references that must be determined from what we know about the history of the time, such as when Herod ruled and the historical references in Luke 2:1f, there are no passages that provide an exact time historically speaking other than general historical references.
  • See also Luke 3:23 and John 8:57 for further information.
  • The widespread view is that He was in his mid-thirties at the time of his death.
  • Dr.
  • Harold Hoehner of Dallas Seminary came at the following findings on the period of Christ’s birth and crucifixion, which I have included below.
  1. Dr.
  2. Hoehner is a well-known expert on the historical elements of Christ’s life and ministry.
  3. More information on this may be found in his extensive work published in Bibliotheca Sacra, the theological magazine of Dallas Seminary.

You can figure out the dates that Hoehner recommends by doing the math.Regarding His birth: It is undeniable that Christ was born before to Herod the Great’s death and after the census of the Jews.Given the evidence provided by the birth narratives of Matthew and Luke, it is reasonable to assume that Christ was born of Mary within a year or two of Herod’s death.Taking into consideration some of the other chronological notations found in the gospels, the evidence pointed to the birth of Jesus taking place somewhere during the winter of 5/4 BCE.However, while the actual date of Christ’s birth is unknown at this time, either December 5, BCE, or January 4, BCE, is the most likely candidate.

Specifically, the date of Christ’s crucifixion has been a subject of intense discussion for hundreds of years now.Scholars have put the date on it somewhere from A.D.21 and 36.In order to attempt to arrive at a specific date, it is necessary to review all of the available data.First, it was discovered that Caiaphas and Pilate were the authorities during Christ’s trial, and that they were both in authority at the same time from A.D.

  1. 26 to 36.
  2. The year A.D.
  3. 21 is no longer relevant.
  4. Following that, it was determined that the crucifixion took place on Friday, Nisan 14, according to the evidence.

With the aid of astronomy, the only years in which Friday, Nisan 14 might have happened were A.D.27, 30, 33, and 36, respectively.When looking at the ministry of Christ, it is possible to rule out the years A.D.27 and 36, leaving only the years A.D.

30 and 33 as possible dates.However, after additional consideration of the data from astronomy and the life of Christ, it was determined that the most likely date for Christ’s death was A.D.33.When one looks into the past, this date is verified since it not only gives meaning to various passages of the gospels, but it also dispels the claim that the gospels are wrong in some aspects of the passion tale.

As a result, the case for the year A.D.33 as the year of our Lord’s crucifixion has been made.Topics that are related include: crucifixion

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