List of Old Testament prophecies fulfilled by Jesus
How many prophesies in the Old Testament were fulfilled by Jesus, and how many prophecies in the New Testament were fulfilled by Jesus?Scholars’ responses vary in length, with the majority ranging from around 200 to 400 words.As J.Barton Payne points out in his Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy, a total of 191 prophesies are identified as having ″personal references to Jesus″ by the author.
- The work of another researcher, Alfred Edersheim, came to the conclusion that there are at least 456 verses in the Old Testament that Jewish Rabbis have traditionally understood as being concerning the Messiah.
- Scholars have developed a variety of classification systems for Messianic predictions – prophesies that Christians believe were fulfilled by Jesus – but the chart below is compatible with many of the classification systems that have been developed over time.
- It is arranged in a manner that is more or less in chronological sequence of completion.
1 3:15 (Genesis 3:15) He would be a human being who was born of a woman.2Gen.3:15b, Gal.4:4-5, Matt.1:18 He will bring people back to God’s favor.
Heb.2:14, 1 John 3:8, 3Gen.3:15cHe would defeat wickedness at the price of himself and his own people.Matthew 27:35 and Luke 24:39-40 are two passages that come to mind.
- He would be a descendant of Abraham, according to Genesis 22:18.
- 26:1-5He would be a descendant of Abraham’s son Isaac, according to Matthew 11:27 and Luke 3:36.
- 1Corinthians 9:7; Heb.
11:18; Matthew 1:2; Gen.28:13,14; He would be a descendent of Isaac’s son Jacob, according to tradition.7Genesis 49:10 (Luke 3:34) He would be a descendant of Jacob’s son Judah, according to tradition.He would be a descendant of Jesse and a descendant of Judah, according to Matthew 1:2-3 and 8Isa.11:1-10.
- He would be a descendant of Jesse’s son King David, according to Matthew 1:2-3 and 9Isa.
- Genesis 49:10 (Matt.
- 1:10; Mark 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Mark 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke 1:10; Luke Eventually, a series of kings from the tribe of Judah would come before him.
- History: According to Josephus, King Herod’s son was dethroned in 6 A.D.
- and replaced by a Roman Procurator, who was later executed.
11 Dan.9:25 a.m.He would emerge once the city of Jerusalem had been rebuilt.
- Historical context: By the time of Jesus, Jerusalem had been rebuilt following the damage wrought by Babylonian armies.
- 12 9:26 Daniel 9:26 He would make an appearance before the (Roman) destruction of the Holy City of Jerusalem.
- It happened in history: the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 ad.
- 5:2 (Mic.
- 5:2) He would be born in the city of Bethlehem.
- 7:13,14 (Matt.
- 2:15–15) The prophet Isaiah predicted the birth of Jesus as a virgin.
- He would be known as Immanuel according to Luke 1:35 and Isaiah 7:14.
- (God with us) 16Isa.
- 40:3–4; Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:23; He would be preceded by a precursor, it was decided.
- Matthew 3:14-17 In Malachi 3, a messenger would pave the way for the Lord.
- In Matthew 7, a messenger would prepare the way for the Lord.
- In Isaiah 61:1,2a, the ministry of Jesus is predicted by the prophet.
- Matthew 3:16-17, Luke 4:18, John 8:31-32, Luke 4:19, Isa.
- 9:1,2He would emerge in Galilee and be a light to the Gentiles, according to the Scriptures.
Matthew 4:12-17 and Luke 2:28-32 are two passages to consider.He would accomplish wonders, according to Isa.35:4-6.
- Among the passages cited are: Mark 10:51-52, Mark 7:32-35, Matt.
- 11:4-5, Matt.
- 12:10-13, Matt.
- 9:32-33, 21Ps.
- 78:1–2 He would instruct with parables.
- 3-13, 15-22; Matt.
13:3-15 Deuteronomy 18:15-18 God prophesied that another prophet like Moses would come.John 6:14, John 5:45-47, John 8:28-29, Acts 3:23, Heb.6:4-6 23 are all references to Jesus.He would be modest and meek, according to Isa.42:2-3.Matt.
- 11:28–30 (KJV) 24 Psalm 2:1-12 He would be referred to as God’s sonActs 4:25-28 Isaiah 9:6–7 predicted the birth of a son who would be known as God.
- John 10:10, John 20:27-29, John 21:1-26 He would ride into Jerusalem on the back of a donkey, according to Zech.
- Matthew 21:6-9 (KJV) 27Psalm 41Psalm 41 foretold Jesus’ betrayal in a number of ways.
- John 13:18 (verse 28) He would be rejected according to Isa.
- Matthew 27:21-23 (29th chapter) Dan.
- 9:24-26 (KJV) Daniel foresaw the moment when he would be turned down.
- 30 Matthew 16:21; Luke 21:38-39 Psalm 22:6 says that Messiah will be scorned.
Luke 23:21-23 (Luke 23:21-23).He would be afflicted, according to Isa.53:7.Matt.27:27-31 (32nd reading) 53:7 He would keep his mouth shut in the face of his accusers.
- Matthew 27:12-14 (verses 12-14) Ps.
- 22:7Messiah would be insulted by those who shook their heads in disapproval.
- 34 (Matthew 27:39) Matthew 26:67 35Isa.
- 50:6,7He would be beaten and spat uponMatt.
- 27:30 36Ps.
- 35:19He would be despised for no apparent reason John 15:25 37Ps.
- 69:4 He would be despised for no apparent reason He would become a foreigner to his own brothers, according to John 15:25 and Psalm 69:8.
- Luke 8:20-21 (39-41 ).
He would be ‘listed with the transgressors,’ according to Isa.53:12.His hands and feet would be pierced, according to Luke 23:32 and Psalm 22:16.2 John 19:37, 2 John 20:27 In the book of Psalm 22:15, he describes his anguish as being accompanied with thirst.John 19:28, verse 42 He would intercede for sinners, according to Isa.
- 23:34 (Luke 23:34) He would be abandoned, according to Psalm 22:1.
- 27:46 (Matthew 27:46) 44Ps.
- 22:1 He would scream out to the Almighty.
- Jesus’ confidence in God would be ridiculed (Matt.
- 27:46-45; Psalm 22:8).
- Matthew 27:43-46; 2 Peter 22:17-18 He would be stripped of everything of his belongings, including his clothing.
- Luke 23:34-35 (KJV) They would draw lots for his garments, according to Ps.
27:35, John 19:23, 48Isa.53:4-6He would be punished for the transgressions of others.2 Corinthians 5:21–49 He would die, according to Isa.
- Matthew 27:45-56 (KJV) 50Ps.
- 22:14His death describedJohn 19:34 51Zech.
- 12:10Zechariah predicted the piercing of Jesus John 19:34-37 52 Dan.
- 9:24He would bring a stop to sinGal.
- 1:3-5 53 Isa.
53:9He would be buried in a wealthy man’s tomb Matt.27:57-61 54Ps.16:9–11 God’s anointed one would not see decay Acts 2:31 55 Zech.10:4 He would be the cornerstone Eph.
2:20 56Ps.118:22-24 The rejected stone would become the cornerstone Matt.21:42,43 57Ps.16:8-11 King David prophesied about resurrection John 20:9 58 Job 19:25-27 Job foreshadows details of resurrection John 5:24-29 592 Sam.
- 7:12–13 King David’s offspring would have an eternal kingdom Luke 1:32, Rev.
- 22:16 602 Sam.
- 7:16 King David’s throne would be established forever Luke 3:31; Rev.
- 22:16 61Ps.
- 89Another prophetic promise about the permanence of David’s throneLuke 1:32,33 62 Dan.
7:13–14 Son of Man would have everlasting throne Luke 1:31-33 63 Isa.11:10He would be a banner to Gentiles John 12:18-21 64 Isa.42:1-4He would affect people throughout the world Matt.28:19,20 65 Isa.42:6He would be a light to people around the world Luke 2:32 66 Mic.5:4He would have a worldwide impact History: Christianity has spread to people all over the world.
67 Gen.49:10bHe would receive the obedience of the people History: Christianity has spread to people all over the world.68 Isa.
- 49:6He would bring salvation to the ends of the earthHistory: Christianity has spread to people all over the world.
47 Prophecies of the Messiah Fulfilled in Jesus Christ
All of the Old Testament’s books include several passages that speak of the Messiah, all of which were fulfilled by Jesus Christ.According to Psalm 22:16-18, the crucifixion of Jesus was predicted around 1,000 years before Christ was born, and therefore long before this manner of death was even attempted.″Let all the house of Israel then know for certain that God has appointed him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified,″ preachers in the New Testament church said after Christ’s resurrection.(Acts 2:36, English Standard Version) God chose Paul to be an apostle, and he was set apart to preach the gospel of God, which he had promised beforehand through his prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was descended from David according to the flesh and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead.
- (Romans 1:1-4, English Standard Version)
A Statistical Improbability
According to certain Bible experts, Jesus Christ fulfilled more than 300 Old Testament prophetic Scriptures during his earthly ministry on the cross.Circumstances like as Christ’s birthplace, lineage, and mode of death were out of his control and could not have been fulfilled by chance or design on his part.Several authors, including Peter Stoner and Robert Newman, address the statistical improbability of one individual, whether mistakenly or purposefully, completing just eight of the prophesies that Jesus fulfilled in their book Science Speaks.According to the experts, the likelihood of this occurring is 1 in 1017.
- As an illustration of the significance of such odds, Stoner provides the following scenario: Consider the following scenario: we take 1017 silver dollars and place them on the state of Texas.
- They will cover the whole state with a two-foot layer of ice.
- Now, make a mark on one of these silver dollars and completely swirl the entire mass across the entire state.
Unbutton the blindfold of a man and tell him that he can go wherever he wants, but that he must first find one silver dollar and declare that it is the correct one.What chance did he have of getting the proper one, you may wonder.Every man, from their time to the present, has the same probability of making these eight prophecies and having them all come true as the prophets did, if they wrote with their own insight and used their own words.The mathematical improbability of 300, 47, or even just eight fulfilled prophecies of Jesus serving as proof of his messiahship is compelling evidence of his deity.
Prophecies of Jesus
Despite the fact that this is not an entire list, you will discover 47 Messianic prophecies that were clearly fulfilled in Jesus Christ, as well as corroborating references from the Old Testament and fulfillment in the New Testament.These and several other Old Testament scriptures regarding Israel’s Messiah were fulfilled in the life of Jesus Christ, who lived in the New Testament.They are the most compelling evidence of Christ’s divinity when taken as a whole.As Jesus went about his mission, he was conscious of the fact that he was fulfilling these predictions, and he utilized this awareness to further establish his claim to be the Son of God in the flesh: ″I am the Christ, the Son of the living God.″ Then Jesus addressed them, saying, ″You naive individuals!
- You find it extremely difficult to accept anything that the prophets wrote in the Scriptures.
- Not only was it plainly foretold that the Messiah would have to endure all of these things before attaining his glory, but it was also clearly demonstrated.″ Then Jesus led them on a journey through the books of Moses and all of the prophets, teaching the things concerning himself through the lens of all of the Scriptures.
- (Luke 24:25–27, New International Version) ″You look into the Scriptures because you believe they will provide you with eternal life.
However, the Scriptures point directly to me!″ (John 5:39, New Living Translation)
- Rose Publishing’s 100 Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus: Messianic Prophecies Made Before the Birth of Christ
- H.L. Willmington’s Book of Bible Lists
- and Story, D. (all by Story Publishing) (1997). Defending Your Faith (pg. 79-80)
- NKJV Study Bible
- Life Application Study Bible
- NKJV Study Bible
- NKJV Study Bible
- NKJV Study Bible
400 Prophecies of Christ in the Old Testament
The Lord Jesus Christ made it very obvious that the Old Testament speaks of Him when he said: ‘You carefully study the Scriptures because you believe that it is through them that you will get eternal life.’ ‘These are the Scriptures that bear witness to My existence’ (Jn 5:39).A new publication, ‘400+ Prophecies, Appearances, or Foreshadowings of Christ in the Tanakh (Old Testament), is a careful attempt to accept Jesus at His Word and to discover Him in the pages of the Old Testament.Many individuals believe that the Old Testament was authored BC (‘before Christ,’ in the original Greek).It was written before to Christ’s incarnation, but not prior to Christ’s deification as the Son of God.
- Nothing existed ‘before’ the birth of Christ.
- In reality, He is the Creator of everything, even the very concept of time.
- As a result, Jesus figures frequently throughout the Old Testament.
In addition, there are several predictions about His coming into the world to fulfill His one-of-a-kind position as Messiah that have been fulfilled.God, in His graciousness, also provided object teachings in anticipation of the birth of His Son.One example is the brazen serpent on a pole, and every sacrifice of an undefiled lamb served as a foreshadowing of the events of Calvary.A minimum of 117 predictions, appearances, or foreshadowings (PAFs) of Christ are found in the Law; a minimum of 144 PAFs are found in the Writings; and a minimum of 153 PAFs are found in the Prophets.As a result, 414 verses constitute a bare minimum sum for the whole Old Testament.
Dr.John Morris, President of the Institute for Creation Research, wrote the forward to Mr.Humber’s book, in which he stated: ‘This work continues in the discerning tradition of rigorous Bible study and surrender to the truth of Scripture.’ It serves as a handy reference guide for Christian students and evangelists alike.I have a good buddy named Paul Humber, who is an excellent teacher and Bible advocate who has a lengthy track record of fruitful and effective ministry.’ Photograph courtesy of Paul Humber God the Triune is honored in this book, and His people are encouraged, while unbelievers are encouraged to become believers in the Lord Jesus Christ.
- On May 22, 2011, the author participated in two arguments with an Orthodox Jewish Rabbi in Queens, New York, which were broadcast live on the internet.
- The fundamental question explored was, ‘Does Jesus Christ appear to be prophesied in Jewish Scriptures?’ It was this argument that provided as an extra push for my book, and DVD copies of the debate are available for purchase on the internet.
- 1 Let us study a few of passages from the Old Testament in more detail.
- Take, for example, Exodus 17:1-6, which is found in the Torah/Law.
This melancholy picture serves as a wonderful prelude to the events of Calvary.Verse 6 is rendered as ‘I will stand there before you beside the rock,’ however it is possibly more correctly rendered as ‘I will stand there before you on the rock,’ according to the translation used (cf.Judges 13:19 and other translations).Previously, the staff had been used to strike the waters of the Nile with great force.It’s as though the LORD has put Himself on trial in front of the entire nation (reversing proper roles).
- The rock was struck by judgment, and water gushed forth.
- The staff of judgment fell on the rock (foreshadowing the judgment at Calvary); today, those who receive the gift of water from Jehovah Jesus (the Rock) will never thirst again.
- Judges 2:1-2 is a section from the Ketuvim/Writings, which is a collection of writings.
- Consider the possibility of a simple angel preaching about his covenant with God’s people!
- These statements would be considered blasphemous unless they were spoken by an angel who was also divine, which happens to be the case in this instance.
- In this passage, the angel of the LORD is both different from God and yet connected with God at the same time.
The same struggle between differentiation and identification is reflected in the New Testament.Despite the fact that Jesus is unique from God (the Father), He is God (the Son).According to the Nevi’im/Prophets, Hosea 12:4-5 says the following, which is reminiscent of Genesis 32:24-30: His conflict with the angel ended in victory; he sobbed and implored the angel to grant him favor.
- He tracked him down at Bethel and had a conversation with him there-‘the LORD God Almighty, the LORD is his renowned name!’ This chapter makes it clear that the ‘angel’ Jacob wrestled with (Gen 32:24-30) was the LORD (Jehovah) God, not a mere angelic figure.
- This is one another piece of evidence demonstrating that the ‘angel’ mentioned throughout the Old Testament is not a creature.
- The word’messenger’ comes from the Greek word for’messenger,’ and the Lord Jesus Christ was and continues to be the most excellent Messenger from the Father to the earth.
- The crux of the situation is that God is, in fact, three persons in one.
- Although mankind have worked out all the specifics of the theology of the Trinity to their complete comprehension, the Church holds fast to it because it is revealed in the Bible.
- That revelation includes the sections on the ″angel″ and ″angel of the LORD,″ among others.
- When Jesus came in the Old Testament, he was referred to as the Angel of the LORD, and there are other passages in the Old Testament that show the Trinity—the Three Persons—as well as the Holy Spirit, as well.
- To put it another way, every line of Scripture alludes in some way or another to the prophesied Messiah, for the entire Bible recounts God’s entrance into human history to establish His righteous reign over Satan, his demons, and unredeemed mankind.
- The work I’ve done is intended to be uplifting and encouraging.
- 1st point of reference See, for example, ‘A Debate in New York Between Rabbi Tovia Singer and Pastor Paul Humber’ (off site link).
- Paul G.
- Humber is an author, educator, and clergyman who lives in the United Kingdom.
- He has served on the faculties of a variety of institutions, including the University of Phoenix, the Haverford School (where he taught for 24 years), and Rutgers University (where he now serves) (Camden, NJ).
- Serving as pastor at Living Saviour Church in Philadelphia, he has also advocated for Christian Released Time in Philadelphia public schools since 2002, when the program was first implemented.
It is our goal to enhance each child’s belief in the divinity of Jesus Christ’s birth.
- Examine the following passages in prayerful reflection: Isaiah 7:14—Isaiah prophesies that a pure young woman will give birth to God’s son.
- Matthew 1:18–23—Isaiah’s prophecy is fulfilled.
- Isaiah 9:6—Isaiah prophesies that Jesus Christ will come as a baby
- Jesus is described by several names.
- Micah 5:2—Micah prophesies that Jesus will be born in Bethlehem.
- Matthew 2:4
- 3 Nephi 1:4–21—On the night of Jesus’ birth, there was no darkness in America and a new star appeared in Israel.
- Luke 1:26–31—A virgin named Mary will be the mother of Jesus Christ.
- Alma 7:9–10—Alma prophesies that Jesus will be born to Mary.
- Luke 2:4–7—Jesus is born.
- Helaman 14:1–6—Samuel,
- Study the lesson and determine how you want to present the scriptural narrative to the children (see ″Preparing Your Lessons,″ p. vi, and ″Teaching from the Scriptures,″ p. vii for further information). Choose the discussion questions and enrichment activities that will most effectively assist the pupils in achieving the lesson’s goal.
- Materials required are as follows:
- Each youngster will get a Bible and a copy of the Book of Mormon.
- The graphic ″Prophets Predicted the Birth of Jesus Christ″ (included at the conclusion of the lesson).
- Simple accessories for a Christmas nativity scene, such as scarves and a doll (see the attention activity for more information).
- Photographs 6-49, Isaiah Predicts the Birth of Christ (Gospel Art Picture Kit 113
- 62339), and 6-50, The Birth of Jesus (Gospel Art Picture Kit 200
Suggested Lesson Development
A youngster should be invited to say the opening prayer.
You may choose to utilize one or more of the following exercises at any point throughout the lesson, or as a review, summary, or challenge at the end.
- Exhibit the graphic at the end of the lesson, which depicts the ancient prophets Isaiah, Micah, Nephi, Alma, and Samuel the Lamanite, as well as other historical figures. Take turns reading from the prophesies that prophesied the birth of Jesus Christ to the children.
- Consider suggesting that the class members study the following passages in preparation for Christmas, either independently or with their families, to learn more about the birth of Jesus Christ: In Micah 5:2 and Isaiah 7:14 and Isaiah 9:6–7, Alma 7:9–10, Helaman 14:1–6, and 1 Nephi 11:18–21, it is said that
- It is possible for the children to jot down these references on a note card to take home, or you might produce a handout with the references for each kid.
- List significant terms from predictions about Christ’s birth on the chalkboard (or display visuals showing these items) such as Bethlehem, star, Mary, and so on, and then discuss them. As you read or reenact the Christmas story from Luke 1:26–38 and Luke 2:1–19, instruct the youngsters to keep an eye out for these phrases. Describe to the children the emotions that Joseph, Mary, and the shepherds could have had as they took part in the fulfillment of the predictions of Christ’s birth.
- Assistance in understanding and memorizing the ninth article of faith for the children Make a point during the discussion of how our lives are being transformed by the fulfillment of prophecy and revelation. Ask the children to mention some of the prophesies that are being fulfilled in their lives. Share your thoughts and feelings about being a member of a church that receives ongoing revelation and about being a witness to the fulfillment of prophesies in your lifetime.
- Discuss how the Savior’s birth, life, and Atonement are the greatest blessings we can ever receive. Discussion topics include: We’re thinking about what we can contribute to Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ during this beautiful time of year. Encourage the youngsters to share their love with others by posing a challenge to them. You might wish to use the following tale as an example of how a little child showed his father love by giving him a gift of his time. Rob was fifteen years old when he overheard his father saying to his mother, ″Mary, I hate calling Rob to milk the cows in the mornings.″ Rob overheard his father add, ″Rob, I hate calling Rob to milk the cows in the mornings.″ He’s growing so quickly, and he’s in desperate need of sleep. ″I wish I could get by on my own.″ Rob completely realized something for the first time after hearing these simple words: his father cherished him! The family was from a low-income background. Rob had purchased a low-cost tie for his father, but as he laid in bed the night before Christmas, he realized that it didn’t feel like enough. With increasing enthusiasm, he decided on a more appropriate present. He would wake up early in the morning and milk the cows before his father came to the farm. In anticipation of his father’s surprise, he giggled to himself in his room. He had never experienced anything like that before, and it went much more smoothly than he had anticipated. For once, milking did not feel like a chore. It was something else entirely—a present for his father, who cherished him. Rob returned to his bed only a few seconds before his father contacted him to tell him he had completed his duty. He was well aware that his father would walk to the barn ahead of him to get things started, and that he would return in a few minutes to find the two large cans of milk standing in the milkhouse, already filled. Rob waited for his return with his mouth agape. It felt like an age before Rob heard the door to his room open, heard his father laughing, a ″sobbing kind of laugh,″ and heard his father remark, ″Thought you’d trick me, did you?″ ″It’s for Christmas, Dad!″ says the child. He tracked down his father in the early morning darkness and wrapped his arms around him in a bear embrace. Rob’s heart was ″bursting with love,″ as the saying goes. ″I appreciate all you’ve done,″ his father remarked. ″No one has ever done a kinder thing than you.. ″It was the nicest Christmas gift I’ve ever received, and I’ll remember it every year on Christmas morning for the rest of my life, son.″ (This is an adaptation of Pearl S. Buck’s ″Christmas Day in the Morning,″ which appeared in Colliers on December 23, 1955, pp. 10–11.) Take along a CD of Handel’s ″For unto Us a Child Is Born″ from his Messiah, if at all feasible! Having listened to the music, you might want to have the youngsters make a comparison between what they heard in the song and the predictions of Isaiah.
- Songs such as ″When He Comes Again″ (Children’s Songbook, p. 82), ″Samuel Tells of the Baby Jesus″ (Children’s Songbook, p. 36), and ″Away in a Manger″ (Children’s Songbook, p. 42) are appropriate.
- Invite a child to give the closing prayer.
Prophetic Announcements of Christ’s Birth
No, Jesus Did Not Soften the Old Testament-In Fact He Did the Opposite, and Here’s What That Means
Those who identify as moderate Christians are fond of pointing out how Jesus ″changed the Old Testament,″ or in other words, how he rendered obsolete the truly awful passages that deal about slavery, putting women in their place, executing gays, and so on. In reality, he accomplished nothing of the like. Specifically, I’ll be performing two things here:
- We will demonstrate to you how Christ endorsed everything in the Old Testament.
- Demonstrate to you just how dreadful that is
So, first and foremost, here is Jesus speaking directly about the teachings of the Old Testament:
The Law Stands
Because really, I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota or a dot will pass the law until everything is done.As a result, anybody who breaks even one of the smallest of these commandments, and teaches others to do similarly, will be regarded as the least in the kingdom of heaven; nevertheless, anyone who follows and teaches them will be regarded as the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.″ — Matthew 5:18-19 (New International Version) ″It is far simpler for Heaven and Earth to perish than it is for the tiniest portion of the wording of the law to be declared unconstitutional.(See also Luke 16:17.) ″Do not imagine that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets.I have not come to do that.″ I have not come to abolish, but rather to complete.
- In the name of God, I declare to you that until heaven and earth pass away, not the least part of a letter, not the smallest part of a letter, will be removed from the law until all things have taken place.″ (Matthew 5:17; Mark 1:17) ″Did Moses not give you the law, and yet none of you obeys the law?″ says the author.
- (John7:19) Take note that this is coming from Jesus Christ himself, as recorded in the Bible, which every Christian owns and cherishes.
- Don’t just take my word for it; go ahead and look it up for yourself.
Assuming, for the time being, that he completely embraced the teachings of the Old Testament, let’s look at what he specifically instructed us to uphold.
The Law That Stands
Blasphemy is Punishable by Death
If someone curses the name of the LORD, they will be put to death; the entire crowd will stone the blasphemer as punishment. The death penalty will be applied to both foreigners and citizens who insult the name of God. Leviticus 24:16 (New Revised Standard Version)
Cheaters Must Die
It is mandatory to execute both the adulterer and the adulteress if a man commits adultery with another man’s wife—in this case, with the wife of his next-door neighbor. (NIV) Torah 20:10 (Leviticus 20:10)
Dishonoring Your Mother or Father is Punishable by Death
No one should be allowed to live if they have dishonored their father or mother. A person who does such an act is guilty of a capital crime. Leviticus 20:9 (New Living Translation)
People Who Work on Sunday Should be Killed
It is OK for you to labor six days each week on your regular duties, but the seventh day must be a Sabbath day of total rest, a holy day devoted to the LORD. Anyone who is at work on that day shall be put to death immediately. Exodus 35:2 (New Living Translation)
If a Woman is Not a Virgin When She Gets Married, She Has to Die
“If any man takes a wife, and goes in to her, and detests her, and charges her with shameful conduct, and brings a bad name on her, and says, ‘I took this woman, and when I came to her I found she was not a virgin,’ … and evidences of virginity are not found for the young woman, then they shall bring out the young woman to the door of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her to death with stones … (NKJV) — Deuteronomy 22:13-14,20-21
There’s Nothing Wrong With Slavery
Your male and female slaves will come from the countries in your immediate vicinity; you will be able to purchase slaves from them. Leviticus 25:44 (New International Version)
Gays Should be Put to Death
If a man sleeps with another man as if he were with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination, and they will both be put to death; their blood will be on their own shoulders. (NRSV) — Leviticus 20:13 (NASB).
Women Should Shut the Hell Up and Do as They’re Told
In order for a woman to learn, she must be quiet and fully submit.Female power or teaching authority over a guy are not allowed in my house; she must remain mute.Timothy 2:11-12 (New International Version) Please keep in mind that these are not recommendations.They’re not something you can do without.
- As Jesus stated, ″Whoever then relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches mankind in this manner will be considered least in the kingdom of heaven…″ He also stated that they are not susceptible to any interpretation by the individual.
- Anyone who is willing to truly study their Bible will see that everything is very obvious.
- Atheists, on the other hand, should not be listened to; we are the last people you should trust.
You should read your own Bible.All of the references are available to you.You are the one who must find a way to reconcile this atrocity.But, fortunately, there is a simple solution: Consider which of the following is most likely:
- The Bible’s own content demonstrates that God and Jesus are bad (if you open your Bible and look at it), or.
- As it turns out, everything is a fabrication, and there is nothing to be concerned about
The solution is number two. God is not a bad person, and neither is his son, Jesus. They were created by man in order to exert control over other men. There are few things that provide more compelling evidence of this than the actual teachings of the Bible. Those of you who are nice and considerate Christian friends don’t require this. You have risen above it all.
We are grateful to christianitydisproved.com for compiling this list of Old Testament mandates.
biblical literature – Isaiah
One of the most deep theological and literarily expressive works in the Bible is the Book of Isaiah, which has 66 chapters and is divided into three parts.Compiled over the course of approximately two centuries (from the latter half of the 8th to the latter half of the 6th centuries bce), the Book of Isaiah is generally divided by scholars into two (sometimes three) major sections, which are called First Isaiah (chapters 1–39), Deutero-Isaiah (chapters 40–55, or 40–66), and Trito-Isaiah (chapters 56–66), depending on how the second section is subdivided.
The prophecies of First Isaiah
With some later additions, such as chapters 24–27 and 33–39, the book of First Isaiah contains the words and prophecies of Isaiah, a most important 8th-century bce prophet of Judah, written either by himself or his contemporary followers in Jerusalem (from c.740 to 700 bce), as well as the words and prophecies of other prophets of Judah.The first of these two additions was most likely written by a later disciple or disciples of Isaiah around 500 BCE; the second addition is divided into two sections: chapters 33–35, which were written during or after the exile to Babylon in 586 BCE, and chapters 36–39, which were drawn from the source used by the Deuteronomic historian in II Kings, chapters 18–19.The first of these two additions was most likely written by a later disciple or disciples of Isaiah around 500 BCE; Chapters 40–55 were written prior to and after the conquest of Babylon by Cyrus II the Great in 539, and chapters 56–66 were composed after the return from Babylonian exile in 538.
- The second major section of Isaiah, which may be designated Second Isaiah despite the fact that it has been divided because of chronology into Deutero-Isaiah and Trito-Isaiah, was written by members of the ″school″ of Isaiah in Babylon: chapters 40–55 were written prior to and after the con Isaiah’s canonical Book of Isaiah, following editorial redaction, is believed to have taken on its current shape during the 4th century bce.
- Because of its messianic (salvation figure) themes, Isaiah became extremely important among the early Christians who wrote the New Testament as well as the sectarians at Qumrn, near the Dead Sea, who were looking forward to the coming of the messianic age, which would usher in the period of the Last Judgment and the establishment of the Kingdom of God.
- He lived during the latter years of the northern kingdom during the reigns of four kings of Judah: Uzziah (Azariah), Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah.
Isaiah was a prophet, priest, and politician who lived during the last years of the northern kingdom.Additionally, he lived at the same time as the prophets of social justice: Amos, Hosea, and Micah.As a result of their prophetic outcries against societal injustice, Isaiah incorporated elements that were exclusive to his prophetic role.King David addressed kings, political and economic leaders, and the people of the land with a message that harkened back nearly five centuries to the time of the judges: the holiness of Yahweh, the coming Messiah of Yahweh, the judgment of Yahweh, and the necessity of placing one’s own and the nation’s trust in Yahweh rather than in the might of ephemeral movements and nations.Since 742 BCE, when he first felt the call to be a prophet, and until 687 BCE, Isaiah’s prophecies of devastation, judgment, and hope, as well as messages carrying both threats and promises, have had a significant impact on the path of Judah’s history.
Because of his priest-prophet position, Isaiah was intimately acquainted with the worship on Mt.Zion, with the Temple and its rich imagery and ritualistic practices, and he possessed a thorough understanding of the meaning of kingship in Judah, both theologically and politically.As a result, Isaiah was able to interpret and advise both leaders and the common people on the Covenant promises of Yahweh, the Lord of Hosts.They were imbued with the following beliefs: that God dwelt on Mt.
- Zion, that God dwelt in the Temple in Jerusalem, and that God dwelt in the person of the King.
- As a result, the messianic phrase ″God is with us″ (Immanuel) used by Isaiah was not an abstract theological concept but a concrete living reality that found expression in the Temple’s theology and message of the great prophet.
- The oracles of Isaiah’s early ministry are documented in chapters 1–6 of the Bible.
- At the Old Testament, his call is depicted as a visionary experience in the temple in Jerusalem, which is presented in some of the most significant symbolic language in the whole canon.
A vision of God enthroned in a celestial temple was revealed to Isaiah in the year of King Uzziah’s death (742 bce), in which the god was surrounded by seraphim, hybrid human-animal-bird beings who served the deity in his sanctuary.Perhaps as a result of his encounter with this majestic imagery, which was enhanced by the actual setting and ceremonial and ritualistic objects of the Temple of Jerusalem, Isaiah was mystically transported from the earthly temple to the heavenly temple, from the microcosm to the macrocosm, from sacred space in profane time to sacred space in sacred time, and from the microcosm to the macrocosm.Isaiah’s vision of Yahweh is too sublime to be described in any other way than through the imagery of winged seraphim, who hide his glory and call to one another: ″Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory.″ Yahweh’s glory is too sublime to be described in any other way than through the imagery of winged seraphim.After being tormented by his thoughts of unworthiness (″Woe is me!because I am lost,″ Isaiah cried out), one of the seraphim placed a flaming coal on Isaiah’s lips from the altar, and the prophet heard the words, ″Your guilt has been removed; your sin has been forgiven.″ When Isaiah heard Yahweh’s voice asking the celestial council, ″Whom should I send, and who will go for us?″ he knew he was in trouble.
- It was the prophet who answered, ″Here I am!,″ after being drawn into the mystical discussion as a participant.
- ″Please send me.″ He has been informed that the word from the divine council to be conveyed to the Covenant people would go unheeded by the Covenant people.
- The prophet Isaiah’s oracles to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, delivered between around 740 and 732 bce, condemn the country of Judah for its numerous transgressions.
- From the prophet’s words, the religious, social, and economic crimes of Judah are rolled out in staccato-like succession: (1) ″Bring no more vain sacrifices; incense is an abomination to me.
- (2) ″cease to do evil, learn to do good; seek justice, correct oppression; defend the fatherless, plead for the widow,″ a call for social justice; and (3) ″Come now, let us reason together, says the Lord: though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow,″ a call for adherence to the Covenant despite the fact that one’s sins are as white as snow now.
- ″And they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; country shall not raise up sword against nation, nor shall they learn war any longer,″ the prophet cried out.
The faults of Judah, on the other hand, were numerous: In this country, the rich oppress the poor, the nation wastes its economic resources on military expenditures, idolatry is widespread, everyone attempts to defraud his or her neighbor, women flaunt their sexual charms on the streets, and many people can’t wait to get a strong drink first thing in the morning to get through the day.According to one of Isaiah’s admonitions, ″Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine, and heroic men at mixing strong drink!″ ″Woe to those who acquit the criminal for bribes, and rob the innocent of his right!″ says the prophet.Isaiah began to criticize King Ahaz of Judah’s actions during the Syro-Ephraimitic war (734–732 bce), which lasted from 734 to 732 bce.
- Syria and Israel have banded together to wage war against Judah.
- Isaiah’s admonition to the young King of Judah was to put his faith in Yahweh and not in himself.
- According to Isaiah, Assyria would be able to deal with the danger from the northern kingdom.
- Ahaz was too afraid to ask Yahweh for a sign because he didn’t want to offend him.
- The King was exasperated, and so Isaiah assured him that Yahweh would send a sign anyhow: ″Behold, a young woman shall conceive and have a son, and she shall call his name Immanuel.″ Yahweh sent a sign, but the King was not pleased with it.
- As a result, by the time this kid is old enough to understand what it is to choose good and reject evil, the Assyrians will have rendered impotent the two minor rulers of the north who were threatening Judah.
- The name Immanuel, which means ″God is with us,″ would have special significance in this scenario since God on Mt.
- Zion, as symbolized by the monarch, would be faithful to his Covenant people and would protect them.
- Ahaz, on the other hand, put his faith in an alliance with Assyria, which was led by the renowned conqueror Tiglath-pileser III.
- The prophet Isaiah delivered an oracle to ″the people who walked in darkness″ in 738 bce in order to provide hope to the people who were beginning to experience Assyrian encroachment on Judaean territory: ″For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulder, and his name will be Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.″ Isaiah had faith that Yahweh would establish a kingdom of peace under the leadership of a Davidic monarch.
- When the northern kingdom collapsed in 732 bce, Isaiah continued to prophesy in Judah, but presumably not in a loud enough manner, until the Assyrians invaded Samaria in 731 bce.
- The king of the Assyrians is referred to be the rod of God’s wrath, yet Assyria will also be subjected to God’s vengeance for the horrors committed during the conflict with Babylon.
- The prophet Isaiah delivered his famous Davidic messianic (salvation figure) oracle during one of the periods of Assyrian expansion towards Judah.
- In it, he predicts the coming of a ″shoot from the stump of Jesse,″ upon which the Spirit of the Lord will rest, and who will establish a ″peaceable kingdom″ in which ″the wolf shall dwell with the lamb.″ The first portion of First Isaiah comes to a close with a song of praise.
- There is a long list of prophecies against different nations in chapters 13–23, including Babylon, Assyria, Philistia, Moab, Syria, Egypt, and other oppressors of Judah.
- These are most likely from Hezekiah’s early reign, when he established the temple (c.
715).Sargon of Assyria died in 705 BCE, however, and Hezekiah, a wise and reform-minded monarch, became embroiled in the power war between Babylon, Egypt, and Assyria, which lasted for decades.Isaiah pleaded with Hezekiah to maintain his neutrality amid the revolutionary upheaval.
- While King Sennacherib of Assyria moved south to crush the rebellion of the Palestinian vassal states, Isaiah, in contrast to his previous advocacy of neutrality, urged his king to resist the Assyrians because the Lord, rather than so-called Egyptian allies who ″are men, and not God,″ will protect Jerusalem, contrary to his previous advocacy of neutrality.
- He then predicted the advent of a new age of justice, as well as the coming of the Spirit, who will usher in a new creation.
- Second Isaiah (chapters 40–66), which is derived from the school of Isaiah’s disciples, can be divided into two periods: chapters 40–55, which are generally referred to as Deutero-Isaiah, were written around 538 bce after the experience of the Exile; and chapters 56–66, which are sometimes referred to as Trito-Isaiah (or III Isaiah), were written after the return of the exiles to Jerusalem after 538 bce; and chapters 40–55
What Old Testament books are most quoted by the Savior?
Which books of the Old Testament are the most frequently cited by the Savior?″Which books of the Old Testament are most frequently cited by the Savior?″ The Ensign, October 1973, page 28 Richard Lloyd Anderson (Richard Lloyd Anderson): As he demonstrated in the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus shown exceptional capacity to both employ and diverge from the teachings of the Old Testament.While speaking ″like one with authority, and not as the scribes″ (Matt.7:29), he stressed that his mission was not ″to abolish the law or the prophets″ (Matt.
The study of the Old Testament by Jesus began at the same time when modern children were in kindergarten.When he was 12 years old, he had a great discussion with Jewish physicians about scripture, and when he was an adult, he infused his message with citations and precedents from the Old Testament.Approximately 75 biblical quotes from the Old Testament are included in our condensed Gospels, demonstrating Jesus’ reverence for the message and authority of ancient Jewish writings.He was familiar with them because he had utilized the most of them.He cited the Pentateuch the most, which was unsurprising given his background.
Because these first five books of the Bible were the law, they were the most authoritative sources for settling legal disputes, and they account for approximately one-fourth of Jesus’ biblical quotations.He cited from the Psalms nearly as frequently as he did from the Bible, indicating that he found significant personal consolation and prophetic insight in this corpus of devotional literature.Isaiah is the prophet who is alluded to the most, and he is mentioned directly more than a dozen times among others who have spoken.The messianic predictions of Isaiah drew the attention of the Lord, as they did with many other Psalms.
- Throughout his earthly existence, Jesus applied Isaiah’s words to himself and declared them to be fulfilled.
- (See also Luke 4:21.) ″The things concerning himself″ that he had learned from ″Moses and all the prophets″ continued to be revealed after his resurrection.
- (See also Luke 24:27.) The focus on the Pentateuch, the Psalms, and the Book of Isaiah in Jesus’ teachings is paralleled in history.
- The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls has demonstrated the popularity of certain Old Testament passages, as seen by the large number of copies of these books that have been preserved at Qumran.
For Latter-day Saints, this knowledge is of particular relevance because they are well aware that the Book of Mormon references Isaiah more than any other prophet, and that the Savior there emphasized that ″great are the words of Isaiah.″ (See 3 Ne.23:1 for further information.) It is estimated that over a third of Jesus’ quotes are taken from Daniel and the minor prophets.His prophesies included those involving the Messiah, personal righteousness, apostasy, restoration, and judgments in the latter-day period.Instruction, inspiration, and prophetic direction are all contained in the Old Testament, and those who follow the Savior will discover the same things he found there.
How can I identify messianic prophecies in the Old Testament?
Answer to the question According to some estimates, the Old Testament contains more than 300 messianic prophesies.The reason for this is that throughout the New Testament, we frequently see comments like this: ″These things occurred in order for God’s Word to be fulfilled″ (John 19:36).Some of the Old Testament’s messianic prophesies are obvious, while others are more ambiguous and difficult to understand.Here are some guidelines for determining whether or not a prophecy about the Messiah is accurate: Take time to study the Bible.
- The fact that there is no replacement for really reading the Bible and praying for wisdom from on high should go without saying, yet there is no substitute for doing so in order to comprehend the Bible (James 1:5).
- Some Messianic prophesies in the Old Testament are explicitly labeled as such by the prophets who penned them, while others are not so clearly identified.
- The term Messiah literally translates as ″Anointed One″ or ″Chosen One,″ and both of these names are featured in a number of biblical prophesies.
Daniel 9:25–26 contains a significant prophesy concerning the Messiah’s death.The Anointed of the Lord is also mentioned in Psalm 2:2.Of course, when it comes to interpreting Scripture, the context is always vital.In the Old Testament, not every allusion to a ″anointed one″ is a reference to the Messiah who had been prophesied.Both King Cyrus of Persia and King Saul of Israel are referred to as God’s anointed ones in Isaiah 45:1 and 1 Samuel 24:10, respectively; both of those kings were selected by God for particular task, which is the underlying meaning of the term ″anointed.″ It is demonstrated in Psalm 132, where David makes several allusions to God’s anointed one, that the term might have more than one connotation.
″Do not reject your anointed one, for the sake of your servant David,″ David prays to the Lord (Psalm 132:10).David refers to himself twice in this passage, referring to himself as God’s ″servant″ and God’s ″anointed one″—David had been actually anointed by the prophet Samuel to be king—and both references are to God (1 Samuel 16:13).Nevertheless, the Hebrew term David uses for ″Messiah″ is the same word that is used in Psalm 132:10, which may readily be ascribed to Jesus Christ in the New Testament.Even more intriguing is the fact that, immediately following David’s designation as the anointed one, Psalm 132 begins to speak of the Messiah: one of David’s descendants will govern from the throne (Psalm 132:11), and David’s dynasty will be endless (Psalm 132:12).
- (verse 12).
- And then the twist: the Lord Himself will rule from Zion forever (verses 13–14); in His role as King, the Lord will bring abundance, salvation, and joy (verses 15–16); this King who comes from David will have divine strength, and all His enemies will be defeated (verses 17–18); and this King who comes from David will have divine strength and will defeat all His enemies.
- Another reference to God’s ″anointed one″ may be found in verse 17.
- When you combine all of this with the fact that the Messiah was popularly referred to as ″the Son of David″ (see Matthew 22:42), you have a clear case for believing that Psalm 132 is a messianic prophesy.
David, God’s anointed one, was promised that an even greater Anointed One would sit on the throne of Zion for all of eternity, and this promise was fulfilled.Discover the different titles that the Messiah has been given.Some Messianic predictions in the Old Testament refer to the Messiah by a number of distinct names.Isaiah 42:1 refers to the Messiah as a ″Servant″ of the Lord, which is a euphemism for ″servant.″ The Messiah is referred to as the ″Star″ in the prophecy of Numbers 24:17, which indicates that he will come from Judah.In Isaiah 11:1, the Messiah is referred to be a ″Branch″ that produces a great deal of fruit.
- Isaiah 9:6–7, 32:1, Jeremiah 23:5, and Zechariah 9:9 are examples of passages in which the Messiah is described as a king who will rule in justice.
- Scripture should be compared to Scripture.
- Some Messianic predictions in the Old Testament are identified by the writers of the New Testament as being fulfilled.
- A distinctive contribution of Matthew is his ability to connect Old Testament predictions to their fulfillment in the life of Christ.
- The birth of Jesus is the fulfillment of Isaiah 7:14 (see Matthew 1:18–23).
- In Hosea 11:1, an indirect prophesy about Jesus’ trip to Egypt is shown to have been fulfilled by Jesus’ flight to Egypt (cp.
Matthew 2:15).The passage from Zechariah 9:9 is used in connection with Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem (see Matthew 21:1–5).Several Old Testament prophesies were fulfilled by Jesus’ death on the cross, including those in Psalm 34:20 and Zechariah 12:10 (cf.
- John 19:31–37).
- In several instances, Jesus referenced a messianic prophesy and applied it to His own situation.
- The synagogue in Nazareth was filled with the sound of Jesus reading a messianic passage from Isaiah 61 and declaring, ″Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing″ (Luke 4:21).
- A few moments before His arrest, Jesus cites Zechariah 13:7, declaring that prophecy is on the verge of being fulfilled (Matthew 26:31).
- He also cites from Isaiah 53:12 (in Luke 22:37), and when we look at the rest of Isaiah 53, we find that a significant portion of the chapter connects precisely to Jesus’ suffering and sacrifice.
- When Jesus references an Old Testament chapter and claims to be the fulfillment of that passage, we may be certain that the passage was messianic in nature.
- When Jesus makes a reference to a chapter in the Bible, it might be a hint that we’re dealing with a messianic prophesy.
- During his death sentence, Jesus cried out to God, ″Why have you deserted me?″ (My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?) (Matthew 27:46; Mark 10:45).
- As it turns out, they are the precise wording of Psalm 22:1, according to the translation.
- Many details of the crucifixion can be found in Psalm 22, including the mocking Jesus endured (Psalm 22:7; see Matthew 27:38–44), His thirst (Psalm 22:14; see John 19:28), the piercing of His hands and feet (Psalm 22:16; see John 20:20), and the casting of lots for His garment (Psalm 22:17; see Matthew 27:38–