How Many Lashes Did Christ Received, And What Was The Reason For That Specific Number?
- Many websites do not provide the actual amount of lashes that Jesus received at his crucifixion. Some people feel that the exact amount is unknown. However, according to the majority of texts, Jesus was scourged 39 times. In 2 Corinthians 11:24, St. Paul speaks of receiving ″forty lashes less one″ as punishment. Back in those days, whipping someone 39 times was considered regular procedure. It is believed that under Roman law, it was against the law to condemn someone to greater severe punishment(s) than he or she had already been sentenced to. As a result, the individual generally received fewer lashes than the person who was sentenced in order to make up for any possible undercounting of the number of lashes received. There are, however, a variety of different explanations as to why Christ was whipped 39 times. We’ll find out in this situation.
- Moses was the one who introduced it. The Mosaic Law itself refers to 39 lashes, or forty lashes less one, according to the Hebrew calendar. It is a phrase that relates to flogging, and it was originally intended to be biblical in nature. According to the Old Testament, 40 lashes were considered sufficient punishment for murdering a man. As a result, 39 lashes was the maximum amount of lashes a guy could receive before the death penalty was announced. Pilate slapped Christ on the back with the same amount of lashes. As a result, flogging someone for a longer period of time was considered un-Christian. But in actuality, 39 lashes were readily plenty for killing someone and more than sufficient for making someone pass out. Depending on the severity of the offence, the crew or a captain would frequently administer fewer lashes than usual. According to widespread consensus, the legislation was reserved for the most serious or heinous acts that did not carry a death penalty.
- We think you’ll find it amusing to learn that there is no Biblical Law that refers to 40 lashes as the equivalent of the death penalty. In reality, it was an ancient Roman tradition/law that viewed forty lashes as a death sentence under certain circumstances. During the Roman era, it was believed that a flogger should kill a person with forty lashes in order to give a punishment in a proper manner. In the event that he was unable to kill him after forty lashings, the flogger would be forced to commit suicide. This twisted, distorted logic was employed in order to ensure that the flogger did not hold back in administering the punishment. The Romans used the same strange justification to determine that 39 lashes should not be sufficient punishment for murder. As a result, the most severe type of punishment available without the death penalty would be 39 lashes. Some speculate that the flogger was afraid of the death punishment if Christ survived his fortieth lash because he was frightened of the death penalty. According to historians who have done extensive research on flogging, it is widely thought that 39 lashes were first used to bring an ordinary person near to death without really killing him. As an example, the Romans employed a flagellum whip to punish those who were lashed. The punishment was referred to as verberatio, and the whip used was akin to the cat-o’-nine-tails used in the United Kingdom. It was made up of shards and a ball-bearing, which at first was used to strike the skin with the ball. Instantaneous swelling of the skin would occur as a result of the shard/barb following it and shredding the skin. It happened on a number of instances that whipping caused the skin to hang and the arteries to be exposed. This punishment was designed in such a demeaning and harsh manner that it was mad. Refer to the article What is the difference between grace and mercy in Christianity? for more information.
- Flogging/scourging was a common punishment in ancient Rome, and it was carried out with the aid of a ″cat with nine tails.″ Each of its tails had a bit of bone or metal implanted at the end of it, which gave it its distinctive appearance. At times, the pounding would cause the inmates to be disemboweled. The goal was to bring someone to the brink of death but without really murdering him in the process. Nevertheless, because there were no precise quantities of lashes, the severe suffering would almost certainly prove deadly in many cases. The concept of 40-1 was created since it was determined that someone could not withstand more than 40 lashes. There have been instances where they have utilized it as an outright practice of murdering someone. The Romans did not even exist at the time of the establishment of the Mosaic Law, which occurred thousands of years later. In the Roman era, crucifixion was yet another method of tormenting and severely executing those who were considered to be criminals. It was illegal to subject any Roman citizen to either of these punishment modalities because they were so brutal. It was a civilization populated by gladiators, people who battled to the death in the Coliseum for the sake of entertainment. In later years, members of the same society transformed into voracious monsters that preyed on Christians within the Coliseum. Flogging became a spectator sport thanks to the cold-hearted and brutal warriors. The primary goal was to inflict severe physical harm on someone while without killing them.
- The Jews delivered Christ up to the authority of the Roman authorities. As a result, the Mosaic Law was not applied in his situation. The unfortunate fact is that his sentence consisted of a mixture of two separate penalties. To the best of our knowledge, no one has ever been sentenced to both verberatio and crucifixion at the same time. Pilate flogged Christ only for the purpose of soothing the Jews who were planning to assassinate Christ. He did not believe Christ was guilty of any wrongdoing in his opinion. As a result, he had him flogged in an attempt to appease the Jews and subsequently free Christ. He only received enough damage to be seriously injured but not killed. As far as we can tell, Pilate had no intention of killing him. It’s important to remember that he never believed that Christ deserved any sort of punishment. After hitting Jesus Christ with the lash, the soldier dragged the lash across Christ’s torso in a whipping motion. As the lash swept over Christ’s torso, the flesh of his body was ripped by a piece of bone or metal that was affixed to the lash. Because 40 lashes were thought sufficient to kill someone, the legal maximum was 39 lashes. The fact that a ″cat of nine tails″ was used meant that Christ was beaten 351 times, which equaled 39 times nine. Pilate, on the other hand, recognized that the Jews were enraged when Christ was scourged. As a result, in order to avert a riot, he grudgingly agreed to crucifying Christ as well. He went on to suggest that the Jews would bear the consequences of this unjustified spilling of Christ’s blood.
How many lashes did Christ receive, and what was the reason for t.
I realize this question is rather ancient, but the issue itself is also quite old, thus it is timeless.In an effort not to repeat what has already been said, there are just a number of distinguishing factors to examine in order to determine the correct response.First and foremost, the Mosaic Law, which was established via Moses, stipulated that 40 lashes were the maximum punishment, provided the crime merited such a punishment at all.Less was almost probably possible, but only at the judge’s discretion and only on the basis of the seriousness of the offence.Only 40 could be used, although the reason given was that doing so would publicly humiliate and degrade the individual, not that it would kill them, which the whips used could in no way accomplish.
- This legislation was in existence from around 1400 B.C.
- to the present.
- The Romans, on the other hand, had something very different.
- The whip they employed for scourging punishment was a flagellum whip (which was akin to the British cat-o’-nine-tails) (called verberatio).
- With this whip, ball bearings were employed in conjunction with shards to contact the surface first with the ball, generating an immediate swell, followed by the barb/shard, which shredded the flesh.
- A number of cases, arteries were exposed and the skin was hanging loose.
- It was intended to be horribly nasty and demeaning in every way.
- Its purpose was to bring someone to the verge of death, if possible (but often would kill the offender as there was no definitiveof lashes).
They created the 40-1 merely because they believed it was implausible that anyone would live to be 40 or older – period.However, it was occasionally used as an outright manner of imposing a death sentence.Two completely distinct approaches and objectives.The Romans, much alone the flagellum that was utilized, did not even exist at the time of the giving of the Mosaic Law.Furthermore, the Romans used the crucifixion as yet another extremely terrible tool in their arsenal.
Because they were so vicious, neither of them could be convicted to a death penalty by a Roman court of law.The fact that Jesus was under Roman control, having been turned up by the Jews, meant that the Mosaic Law was not enforced.Unfortunately for Jesus, He was subjected to two separate penalties at the same time.As far as we know, no one has ever been sentenced to both verberatio and crucifixion at the same time.
Pilate just scourged Jesus in order to placate the Jews who wanted to assassinate Jesus.He didn’t think Jesus was guilty of anything, and he was right.To try to please them and subsequently release Jesus, he scourged Him in an attempt to placate them.
- Since a result, it is likely that he did not even receive 39, or at the very least only if the lictor believed it would not kill Him, as that was not the intention.
- It is important to note that Pilate did not believe Jesus merited any punishment during the entire process.
- The Jews, on the other hand, erupted when Pilate brought Jesus out after the scourging, but humiliated him as the centurions would frequently do (in this case, by dressing him up like a king).
- To prevent a riot and the realization that he was going nowhere, Pilate grudgingly consented to have Him crucified as well, claiming that the blood of Jesus would be on their own heads (the Jews).
- I hope this has been of assistance.
- Bible is one of the sources (Deuteronomy 25:1-3, John 18-19, Mark 15, Matthew 27) There are reams of history about the laws and administration of the Romans.
- MrNobody97’s response was last updated on February 20, 2017.
Did the Romans give Jesus 39 lashes?
Answer to the question The Romans scourged Jesus just before He was crucified, just before His death (John 19:1).The number of lashes that Jesus got is not specified in the Bible explicitly.According to Deuteronomy 25:3, an offender should not be subjected to more than forty lashes in one session.In order to prevent accidently breaching this mandate, the Jews would only inflict a criminal 39 lashes in order to avoid breaking it on purpose.According to 2 Corinthians 11:24, the Apostle Paul got ″five times from the Jews the forty lashes minus one,″ a procedure that is still in effect today.
- However, once again, the Romans were the ones who scourged Jesus, not the Jews.
- There is no reason to suppose that the Romans would adhere to a Jewish tradition in this instance.
- Scourging was the penalty authorized by Pontius Pilate for Jesus: he was to be flogged (Matthew 27:26), but he was not to be executed in this manner.
- After being scourged, he was to be executed by crucifixion, according to the plan.
- It’s difficult to comprehend the depth of hatred required to condemn an innocent man to such a destiny, yet it exists.
- Despite this, the Jewish authorities and Pilate acted in this manner, despite the fact that Jesus was innocent.
- Even worse, the man they chose to be flogged and crucified was none other than the Son of God himself.
- We hear and allude to the account of Jesus’ death so frequently that we forget to take a step back and consider how cruelly He was treated by people who were supposed to be saving us.
It was foretold in Isaiah that He would suffer: ″He was wounded for our trespasses, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed″ (Isaiah 53:5).The ″stripes″ that are mentioned in this prophesy are a clear allusion to the lashes that Jesus was subjected to.No matter whether there were 39 or 40 lashes or whatever other number, the scourging was a horrendous and excruciating experience.The death of Christ, in a very genuine sense, resulted in spiritual healing for those who were willing to trust in him.A flock of sheep that has gone away from the Shepherd, with each animal going its own way, is compared to humanity by Isaiah, representing a vision of disarray and peril.
″However, the Lord has thrown on him the iniquity of us all,″ the Bible says (Isaiah 53:6).In His human form, Jesus Christ possessed the qualities of complete purity, knowledge, and creative power, all of which were present in His divine nature.In order to safeguard His sheep, the faultless Shepherd opted to endure an unfair and horrible death rather than risking his life.This was also foretold by Jesus in the Bible.
″I am the good shepherd,″ He declared just before being arrested.The good shepherd is willing to lay down his life for his flock….I am the good shepherd, and I am here to help you.
- …I am familiar with them, and they are familiar with me, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for them….
- To demonstrate his love for me, the Father has allowed me to lay down my life so that I may pick it up again.
- No one can take it away from me, but I choose to put it down of my own free will.
- I have the authority to put it down and I also have the authority to pick it up and put it down again.
- John 10:11, 15, 17, and 18 state that ″I have received this charge from my Father.″ Jesus made the decision to bear our punishment.
- The Father made the decision to nail Jesus on the cross.
- They worked together to save everyone who would believe and to demonstrate through Jesus’ awful wounds both the seriousness of our sin and the depth of His love for us.
- Return to the previous page: Questions regarding Jesus Christ Is it true that the Romans whipped Jesus 39 times?
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How many lashes did Jesus take for us?
Because of the manner in which Jesus was to be crucified, the Romans were ″merciful″ and only punished him with 39 lashes.
How many stripes did Jesus take for us?
What exactly is the meaning of the number 39 stripes? It was common Roman practice/tradition to whip a person 39 times before releasing them from captivity. ″Forty lashes less one,″ Paul says in 2 Corinthians 11:24, referring to the punishment he received. Jesus bore the 39 stripes as a sacrifice for YOU!
Why did Jesus only get 39 lashes?
Generally speaking, it is assumed that the number of lashes he received was 39 because it was normal to administer 40 lashes minus one (or 39). There were 40 lashes plus one since it was considered that 40 or more lashes would be fatal to the recipient of the punishment. They were lashed with a cat’s nine tails as punishment (a whip with nine lashings embedded with bits of metal or bone).
How many stripes did Jesus receive KJV?
He may give him forty stripes, but he must not go beyond that; otherwise, if he goes beyond that and beats him with many stripes above that, thy brother will appear despicable to thee.″
How far did Jesus carry the cross?
Simon, on the other hand, may have been obliged to carry the cross straight away, although there is no indication as to how long he did so.Consequently, the best explanation is: Jesus carried the cross from as little a few yards to the full distance, potentially with the exception of a few yards, the shortest distance that would be appropriate for the part played by Simon of Cyrene, then back again.
How old was Jesus when he was crucified?
The majority of experts believe Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33 AD, which corresponds to 1985 to 1988. Given that we may infer Jesus was around 30 years old when he was baptized and began his ministry, we can safely presume he was well into his 30s when he was killed.
What does by his stripes we are healed mean?
″Through His stripes, we are healed,″ the King James Version declares. Most modern translations substitute the word ″wounds″ for the word ″stripes,″ resulting in the phrase ″with His wounds we are healed.″ However, the point is that the wounds or stripes that Jesus received were sufficient to bring about healing in both instances.
How many lashes will kill you?
In most cases, sentences of a hundred lashes would result in the death penalty. Whipping was employed as a form of punishment for serfs in Russia.
How many lashes did slaves get?
After he was apprehended, he was subjected to 107 lashes. After receiving 200 lashes, Moses Roper’s punishment was only brought to an end when the master’s wife appealed with the authorities that his life be spared.
Was Jesus’s heart pierced?
The fact that Jesus was already dead when they arrived meant that they did not have to break His legs (John 19:33). The soldiers wounded His side, rather than His neck, to ensure that He was no longer alive (John 19:34). It is said that ″blood and water flowed forth″ (John 19:34), alluding to the watery fluid surrounding the heart and lungs, as a result of this action.
What sins are not forgiven by God?
There are three texts in the Christian Scriptures that deal with the concept of unforgivable sin. ″Therefore, I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven mankind, but blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven,″ says Jesus in the Book of Matthew (12:31-32).
How many brothers and sisters did Jesus have?
Jesus had at least six younger siblings and sisters, according to tradition. James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas are the names of Jesus’ half-brothers who are mentioned in the Bible. Joseph and Mary also became the parents of two daughters, who were half sisters to Jesus. Jesus had at least six younger siblings and sisters, according to tradition.
What did Jesus say on the cross?
″Father, pardon them, for they are completely unaware of what they are doing.″ Then Jesus says to one of the two thieves crucified next to him, ″Truly, I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.″ ″Father, into your hands I submit my spirit,″ he says to the other of the two thieves. (Finally, some words)
Where is Jesus crown of thorns kept?
The relic was brought to Paris by the French monarch Louis IX (St. Louis) in 1238, and the Sainte-Chapelle was erected to house it between 1242 and 1248. The thornless remnants are housed in the treasury of Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, where they have survived a horrific fire that damaged the cathedral’s roof and spire in April 2019. The cathedral was completely destroyed in the fire.
Why did Jesus die for us?
But why did Jesus suffer and die?… They believed that Jesus’ death was a necessary element of God’s plan to rescue humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very center of the Christian faith, and his story is told throughout the Bible. People’s shattered connection with God is repaired, according to Christians, as a result of Jesus’ death on the cross.
How many miles did Jesus walk in a day?
Jesus went 18,000 miles from Nazareth to Jerusalem, and he returned at the age of thirty. During His three-year public ministry, Jesus traveled a total of 3,125 kilometers. If Jesus traveled an average of 20 miles (32 km) every day on all of his journeys, he would have spent at least 1,076 days and nights on the road during his lifetime!
Did Jesus receive thirty-nine (39) lashes from the Romans?
During the weeks leading up to His crucifixion, the Romans whipped and beat Jesus (Matthew 27:24–31; John 19:1), and He died as a result.However, because it is not written expressly in the Bible, we are unable to determine how many lashes He got with certainty.It is really Jewish, not Roman, in origin, that the notion of giving someone no more than thirty-nine lashes is used.The Israelites were instructed in Deuteronomy 25:3 that a criminal should receive a maximum of forty lashes as punishment, and ″not more,″ lest ″if one should go on to beat him with more stripes than these, your brother be degraded in your sight,″ if they went on to beat him with more stripes than these.This prompted the Jews to devise a way of administering no more than thirty-nine lashes to a criminal in order to avoid the possibility of violating the commandment in question.
- We know that delivering thirty-nine lashes was still a prevalent practice among the Jews at the period of the New Testament because the apostle Paul describes being given thirty-nine lashes by the Jews on many occasions during his ministry.
- ″Five times I was subjected to the forty lashes minus one″ by the Jews, he recounts in his autobiography (2 Corinthians 11:24).
- As a result, when Jesus was executed by the Romans, there is no reason to suppose that the Romans would adhere to Jewish disciplinary traditions just because Jesus was Jewish.
- Despite the fact that the Jewish authorities and Pilate were aware that Jesus was an innocent man, they consented to put Him to death.
- Pontius Pilate ordered that Jesus be flogged, although he did not specify the amount of lashes to be administered.
- We do know that Jesus was not going to be killed by the beatings He experienced since His final death was going to be via crucifixion, which we will discuss later.
- As a result, the scourging served as a prelude to the crucifixion.
- It was not intended to murder Jesus, but rather to torment Him, according to tradition.
Jesus came to the planet with a specific goal in mind: to bring redemption to the entire world.In the crucifixion and agony of Jesus, ″the LORD has put on him the guilt of us all,″ says the Bible (Isaiah 53:6; see also John 14:6; Titus 2:11).″Jesus is the propitiation for our sins,″ according to First John 2:2, and ″not only for our sins but also for the sins of the whole world,″ according to Second John 2:2.When Jesus died voluntarily, it was so that we may be rescued (John 10:11, 15, 17–18).The sacrifice of Jesus on the cross atones for our sins, and we give thanks to God for His kindness and mercy.
″For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whomever believes in him may not perish but have eternal life″ (John 3:16).(John 3:16).Truths that are related: What transpired in the final hours before Jesus’ death is unknown.What was the point of Jesus having to suffer so much?
What is the root cause of Jesus’ suffering and death?Who has responsibility for the killing of Jesus Christ?Is it more necessary to remember Jesus’ death than to remember His resurrection?
- What is the best way for me to embrace Jesus as my personal savior?
- Return to the page: The Truth About Jesus Christ.
What kind of eyes did Jesus have?
The author of What Did Jesus Look Like? (2018) analyzed archaeological evidence, historical writings, and ancient Egyptian funerary art to reach the conclusion that Jesus, like the majority of people in Judea and Egypt at the time, had brown eyes, dark brown to black hair, and olive-brown skin tone. He may have been around 5-feet-5-inches tall.
How many thorns were in Jesus crown?
The ″72 thorns″ statement, on the other hand, has all the signs of a confabulation… making it more probable than not that it was made up later in the story.
What thorns were on Jesus head?
A number of other plants have been offered as the source of the crown of thorns that the New Testament claims was put on Christ’s head in the days leading up to his crucifixion, and no one knows for certain which one was used. However, the majority of Christian academics believe that Ziziphus Spina-Christi is the most likely candidate.
What color was God’s eyes?
God’s eyes have a brilliant blue color.SportsCultists articles are based on material gathered from many sources on the internet.When obtaining this information, we depend on reputable sources.The material provided on this website may be partial or erroneous, despite the ongoing care and attention we devote to its compilation.Is there anything in this article that you think is wrong or incomplete?
- Please notify us at [email protected].
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Most frequently asked questions
What skin Colour is God?
As the Bible states unequivocally, God is a spirit. As a result, from the perspective of a male, He has no skin tone.
What’s Jesus’s favorite color?
God’s favorite color is the color blue.
What is Jesus real birthday?
The oldest known reference to December 25 as Jesus’ birthday comes from a Roman almanac from the mid-fourth century, which includes the death dates of numerous Christian bishops and martyrs, among other things. The following is written next to the first date mentioned, December 25: ″Christ was born in the town of Bethlehem in the land of Judea…,″ says the Bible.
What is Jesus full name?
What Is the Real Name of Jesus? Indeed, the Hebrew word for Jesus is Yeshua (Jesus). It is an acronym that stands for ″Yahwehis Salvation.″ Yeshua is spelled ″Joshua″ in the English language. However, when the name Yeshua is translated from Hebrew into Greek, the language in which the New Testament was composed, the name Isous is used instead.
What date is Jesus birthday?
Jesus’ birth date is not specified in the gospels or in any historical source, although most biblical historians believe he was born between 6 and 4 BC, depending on whose year you believe.
The Passion of the Christ (2004) Whipping Jesus scene
Did Jesus have a wife?
King stated in a news statement that ″Christian tradition has long claimed that Jesus was not married, even though no trustworthy historical evidence exists to support that assertion.″
What color was God’s hair?
The Bible says in 1:14, ″It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, ‘It is written, As white as snow, the wool on his head and in his hair seemed like his head and hair were white.And His eyes were like a blazing blaze of flame.Revelation 1:15 And His feet had the appearance of polished metal that had been fired in a furnace.His voice sounded like the sound of countless seas crashing together.
What language did the Jesus speak?
The vast majority of religious academics and historians agree with Pope Francis that the real Jesus spoke primarily a Galilean dialect of Aramaic during his lifetime. By the 7th century B.C., the Aramaic language had spread far and wide, and it would eventually become the lingua franca throughout most of the Middle East as a result of trading, invasions, and conquering.
What did Jesus say about the eyes?
This is what is said in the King James Version of the English Bible: The eye is the light of the body; if, then. thine eye be single, thine entire body shall be full of light.
What is God’s favorite drink?
Drinking Soma, according to legend, was the means by which the gods achieved immortality, and it was the drink of choice for the powerful deity Indra. It was subsequently given to the archer-god Gandharva for safekeeping, but it was later stolen by Agni, the fire-god, who ultimately passed it on to the human race.
What color are Jesus’s eyes?
In the 2004 film The Passion of the Christ, Jim Caviezel played Jesus, who was given a prosthetic nose during production and had his blue eyes digitally transformed to brown in order to give him a more Middle Eastern appearance.
How tall is a God?
Even though it appears to be one of those intractable riddles, the Mormons – along with the leaders of the American ″Prosperity Gospel″ movement – feel they have the answer: God is approximately 6′ 2″ tall. In his writing, he does not employ the metric system.
How tall were Nephilim?
They were described as ″huge giants, whose height was three hundred cubits″ in 1 Enoch. Because a Cubit is 18 inches (45 cm) tall, this would put them at 442 feet 10 61/64 inch in height (137.16 metres).
What is the name of Jesus child?
It is the opinion of Jacobovici and Pellegrino that the Aramaic inscriptions reading ″Judah, son of Jesus,″ ″Jesus, son of Joseph,″ and ″Mariamne,″ a name they believe to be that of Mary Magdalene, collectively preserve the record of a family group that included Jesus, his wife Mary Magdalene, and son Judah.
What happened to Mary Magdalene after Jesus?
Life of Mary Magdalene following the events of the Gospels. According to Eastern legend, she followed St. John the Apostle to Ephesus, where she died and was buried. St. John the Apostle is said to have accompanied her. French folklore states that she evangelized the region of Provence (southeastern France) and lived her final 30 years in an Alpine grotto, which is untrue.
Did Jesus have a twin?
Another new discovery is that Jesus had a twin brother, who is also known as the apostle Thomas, and that it was Thomas, rather than Christ, who was seen after the purported resurrection, according to the newest evidence.
What years was Jesus alive?
Based on these approaches, the majority of experts believe that Jesus was born between 6 and 4 BC, and that his teaching began about AD 27–29 and lasted between one and three years. They estimate that Jesus’ death took place between AD 30 and AD 36, depending on the source.
When was Adam and Eve born?
They utilized these variances to develop a more reliable molecular clock, which they used to determine that Adam lived between 120,000 and 156,000 years ago, depending on the mutation. Eve lived between 99,000 and 148,000 years ago, according to a comparable examination of the same men’s mitochondrial DNA sequences1.
How many children did Mary and Joseph have?
In his fortieth year, Joseph married a lady who was known by several names, some of which were Melcha or Escha, others which were Salome; they were married for forty-nine years and had six children, two girls and four boys, the youngest of them was James (known as ″the Lord’s brother″).
What’s ‘true’ about Jesus’ cross?
- Could bits of a tree survive millennia? The genuine cross phenomenon began with Ruler Constantine, the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity. Or are they shards of forgeries that speak to our innate desire to believe in something?
Science and archaeology provide new insights into ancient objects that may be related to the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.″Finding Jesus: Fact, Faith, and Forgery″ airs on CNN US on Sundays at 9 p.m.ET/PT and is available on demand.(CNN) In July of 2013, Turkish researchers unearthed a stone box in a 1,350-year-old church that looked to contain a piece of Jesus’ crucifixion, bringing the oldest of Jesus relics legends back to life.″We have discovered something sacred in a chest.
- It’s a fragment of a cross, actually ″Gülgün Körolu, an art historian and archaeologist who is in charge of the excavation crew, shared his thoughts.
- She believed at the time that the chest acted as a symbolic casket for relics of a holy person, specifically those associated with Jesus’ crucifixion.
- And then, silence.
It was discovered afterwards that the box that had housed purportedly holy things had been inexplicably empty, which caused the latest relic of the cross on which Jesus died to become stuck in the middle of the process.The newest story of the ″real cross,″ which serves as a strong symbol of faith for more than two billion people throughout the world, is representative of the difficulties encountered in the search for Jesus’ relics.To state that something has the odor of the ″real cross″ might suggest that it is either a matter of divine certainty or a blatant forgery.Is it possible that remnants of the genuine cross of Jesus are still among us today?Is it possible for tree pieces to live for millennia?
- Maybe they’re forgeries in their own right, but they speak to our desire for belief.
- Emperor Constantine, the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity, is credited with initiating the real cross phenomenon.
- He entrusted his mother, Saint Helena (c.
- 246-330 CE), with the task of locating Jesus’ relics in the Holy Land.
- When Helena arrived to Jerusalem in 326 CE, the city was still reeling from the devastation wrought by the final Jewish War, which took place between 132 and 335 CE.
- Following Israel’s defeat, the Roman Emperor Hadrian constructed a pagan temple over Jesus’ tomb at Calvary, which was considered a grievous insult to the nascent faith.
- Helena ordered the deconstruction of this heathen temple and immediately began digging beneath it in search of relics associated with Jesus.
- During their excavation, her team discovered three distinct crosses – a revelation that is obviously related to the Gospels, which teach us that Jesus was crucified with two other prisoners.
According to the historian Rufinus (c.340-410), Helena arranged for a dying local lady to be brought to the spot in order to determine which cross belonged to Jesus.Nothing occurred as the unwell woman pressed her hand on two crosses.Then she came into contact with the third – and she recovered.The actual cross of Jesus has now been shown to the world.
When Helena carved it up, she left part of it in Jerusalem and transported the rest across the Mediterranean to Europe, where it multiplied to the point that Protestant reformer John Calvin observed: ″If all of the pieces that could be found were gathered together, they would fill a large shipload of cargo space.Despite this, the Gospels attest to the fact that a single man was capable of carrying it.″ Was Calvin, however, exaggerating in order to bolster his own changes inside Catholicism?How could we possibly know what the genuine cross was constructed of, or what it looked like, since neither the Gospels, nor the Romans, cared to tell us what it looked like?This is where science comes in.
A registry of all known components of the real cross was created by French architect Charles Rohault de Fleury in 1870.In his investigation, he discovered that the Jesus cross weighed 165 pounds, was three or four meters tall, and had a cross beam that was two meters broad.He estimated that even if all of these pieces of the crucifixion were put together, they would only equal to a third of the cross on which Jesus died, according to his calculations.
- De Fleury came to the conclusion that the actual cross was built of pine wood based on the bits he was permitted to inspect under a microscope.
- Also studied under a microscopical microscope were four cross particles, which were part of 10 fragments of the actual cross that were accompanied by documentation confirmations from Byzantine emperors.
- These fragments originated from some of Europe’s most important churches, including Santa Croce in Rome, Notre Dame in Paris, and the Cathedrals of Pisa and Florence.
- However, it was determined that they were all constructed of olive wood by scientists.
- Consequently, the debate arose as to whether the cross of Jesus was crafted from olive wood or pine.
- A confusing reality for archaeologists is the scarcity of leftover wood from the huge record of Roman crucifixion that has been discovered.
- While researchers unearthed the heel bone of a crucified man with the nail still attached in 1968, they were unaware that the Romans had executed tens of thousands of people by crucifixion, including as many as 500 people per day during the siege of Jerusalem from 66 to 70 CE.
- Israel Hershkovitz, an anatomy and archaeology professor at Tel Aviv University who spoke at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, said that the heel bone of the crucified man was discovered in a Jewish burial tomb in a northern suburb of Jerusalem, close to Golgotha – the hill where the Romans crucified people.
The guy, whose ossuary, or burial box, identified him as Yehohanan, was in his mid-twenties when he died on the cross, according to the inscription on the box.In addition to having a fine set of teeth and lacking in bulky muscle, he was most likely born from a wealthy family, as most crucifixion victims were much too modest to end up in tombs – with the exception of Jesus, who was placed in a tomb by the wealthy Joseph of Arimathea.Given the fact that other people buried in the same tomb as Yehohanan had ties to the Temple, it’s probable that he was slain by the Romans for some political infraction.Yehohanan was nailed on the cross with a 4.5-inch nail still embedded in his right heel bone, and a piece of a board was still attached to the nail’s head when he was executed.
In Hershkovitz’s opinion, the fact that the length of the nail is relatively small indicates a great deal about Roman crucifixion techniques.″The nail was too short (to penetrate through) two heel bones, thus it was inevitable that each foot was hammered individually to the cross,″ says the author.The reason, Hershkovitz believes, that crosses were not fashioned from olive trees is that people relied on the olive tree for sustenance and would not hack them down to create crosses if they did.Even more crucially, they would be unsuitable for the task at hand due to the structural characteristics of the tree itself (see below).There are many gaps in the wood of the olive tree, making it impossible to sustain the nails against the weight of the victim.
- Olive trees do not grow tall and straight, but instead branch everywhere.″ The olive tree is the tree that is least suited for this situation.
- We have a variety of different types of local oaks that are better suited for the job.″ Today, there are even more ″true cross″ fragments on display around the world, including on Mount Athos, in Rome, in Brussels, in Venice, in Ghent, in Paris, in Spain, and in Serbia – and even in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, where a fragment of the true cross was brought over as part of the family chapel that Theodore Boal had built for his French bride after she was married there.
- eBay has numerous options if you wish to possess a piece of the cross on which Jesus died – some of which have original wax seals to preserve its ″purity,″ while others come with certificates attesting to the pieces’ genuineness and authenticity.
It was discovered afterwards that the box that had held purportedly holy things had been unexpectedly empty, which caused the last relic of the cross on which Jesus died to become stuck in the middle of the project.The newest incident of the ″real cross,″ which serves as a strong symbol of faith for more than two billion people throughout the world, is representative of the difficulties encountered in the search for Jesus relics.Using the phrase ″genuine cross″ to describe anything might indicate anything from supernatural assurance to outright deception.Perhaps we are living in a time when pieces of the actual cross of Jesus are still present.
What is the likelihood that a tree’s pieces would survive millennia?Maybe they’re forgeries in their own right, but they appeal to our desire for belief.Emperor Constantine, the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity, is credited with initiating the real cross craze.
- Helena (c.
- 246-330 CE) was dispatched to the Holy Land by him to look for the relics of Jesus.
At the time of Helena’s visit to Jerusalem in 326 CE, the city was still reeling from the devastation wrought by the final Jewish War, which occurred from 132 and 335 CE.A pagan temple was constructed over Jesus’ tomb at Calvary when the Romans defeated Israel, which was considered a grievous insult to the nascent faith.As soon as Helena received the order to demolish the pagan temple, she immediately began digging beneath it in search of artifacts associated with Jesus.During their excavation, her employees discovered three distinct crosses – a revelation that is obviously related to the Gospels, which teach us that Jesus was crucified alongside two other thieves.
According to the historian Rufinus (c.340-410), Helena had a dying local woman brought to the location in order to determine which cross belonged to Jesus.The unwell woman attempted to touch two of the crosses, but nothing occurred.Then she brushed up against the third – and she came to her senses again.
- The genuine cross of Jesus has now been shown to the world!
- Henrietta cut it apart, leaving some in Jerusalem and taking a chunk to Europe, where it appeared to multiply, to the point that Protestant reformer John Calvin observed: ″A large shipload would be created if all of the parts that could be located were brought together.
- Nonetheless, the Gospel confirms that it was carried by a single man.″ In order to defend his own changes within Catholicism, did Calvin exaggerate in his claims?
- How could we possibly know what the genuine cross was built of, or what it looked like, since neither the Gospels nor the Romans cared to tell us what it was like?
Enter the realm of scientific investigation and discovery.All known components of the real cross were recorded by French architect Charles Rohault de Fleury in 1870.In his investigation, he discovered that the Jesus cross weighed 165 pounds, was three or four meters tall, and had a cross beam that measured two meters in width.He estimated that even if all of these pieces of the crucifixion were put together, they would only make up a third of the cross on which Jesus died, according to his calculations.De Fleury determined that the actual cross was constructed of pine wood based on the bits he was permitted to study under a microscope.
- Later, four cross particles were also studied under a microscope; these were part of a total of 10 fragments of the real cross, which were accompanied by documentation confirmations from Byzantine emperors.
- All of these components originated from important European churches, like the Santa Croce in Rome, Notre Dame in Paris, and the Cathedrals of Pisa and Florence, among others.
- They were revealed to be built entirely of olive wood by experts, who were not expecting this.
- Consequently, the debate arose as to whether the cross of Jesus was fashioned from olive wood or pine.
- A confounding reality for archaeologists is the scarcity of leftover wood from the huge record of Roman crucifixion that they have discovered.
- Despite the fact that the Romans executed tens of thousands of people by crucifixion – as many as 500 people per day during the siege of Jerusalem from 66 to 70 CE – the only piece of evidence connected to this terrible punishment was discovered in 1968, when archaeologists discovered the heel bone of a crucified man with the nail still attached.
Professor Israel Hershkovitz of Tel Aviv University’s Department of Anatomy and Archaeology revealed in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem that a crucified man’s heel bone had been discovered in a Jewish burial tomb in a northern suburb of Jerusalem, close to Golgotha, a hill on which the Romans executed people.It is believed that the guy, who was named as Yehohanan on his ossuary (burial box), was in his mid-20s when he was crucified.In addition to having a fine set of teeth and lacking in bulky muscle, he most likely belonged to a wealthy family, as most crucifixion victims were much too modest to end up in tombs – with the exception of Jesus, who was placed in a tomb by the wealthy Joseph of Arimathea.Given the fact that other people buried in the same tomb as Yehohanan had ties to the Temple, it’s probable that he was murdered by the Romans for some political infraction.Despite the fact that a 4.5-inch nail was still embedded in his right heel bone and that a portion of a board was still connected to the head of the nail, Yehohanan was cut down from the cross.
He feels the fact that the nail’s length is very brief indicates a great deal about the tactics used by early Christians to crucify people in the Roman Empire.As a result, each foot was hammered individually to the cross since the nail was too short to pierce through both heel bones.The reason, Hershkovitz believes, is that crosses were not fashioned from olive trees since people relied on the olive tree for sustenance and would not hack them down to build crosses if they did.
What’s more, they wouldn’t be appropriate for the task at hand because of the tree’s structural design in general.There are many gaps in the wood of the olive tree, making it impossible to sustain the nails under the weight of the victim.Olive trees do not grow tall and straight; they branch everywhere.″ A tree that shouldn’t be grown is an olive tree.It is possible to find other types of local oaks that are more suitable for the job.″ Even more ″true cross″ fragments are on display around the world today, including on Mount Athos, in Rome, in Brussels, in Venice, in Ghent, in Paris, in Spain, in Serbia – and even in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, where a fragment of the true cross was brought in as part of the family chapel that Theodore Boal built for his French bride after she was married in the United States in 1840.If you wish to possess a piece of the cross on which Jesus died, eBay has a variety of options, some of which have original wax seals that preserve their ″integrity″ and others which have paperwork confirming their authenticity.
crown of thorns
In Madagascar, the crown of thorns (Euphorbia milii), also known as Christ thorn, is a thorny plant of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) that is native to the island of Madagascar.Crown of thorns is a popular houseplant that may also be cultivated as a garden shrub in warm regions, such as the Mediterranean.Flowering occurs throughout the year in the Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest abundance occurring during the winter months.During his crucifixion, Jesus was compelled to wear a thorny crown, and the red bracts of the flowers were meant to symbolise his blood.
Crown of thorns is a hardy perennial with sturdy gray thorns and oval leaves that drop as the plant becomes older.Crown of thorns is also known as thornbush.Plants in containers may grow to be more than two metres (seven feet) in length, despite the fact that the spreading, branching, vinelike stems are far smaller.
- A paired cluster of little inconspicuous blooms is produced, which is encircled by two bright red bracts that stand out against the background (leaflike structures attached just below flowers).
- There are several varieties available, some having yellow or deep crimson bracts.
- The white milky sap is harmful and can cause skin and eye irritation when it comes into contact with the skin.
Britannica Plants in a Quiz: From Adorable to Carnivorous You may be aware that rice is a plant’s seed, but did you realize that the world’s oldest known plant is also a plant?What kind of plants can be classified as annuals, biennials, or perennials?In this quiz, you’ll have to dig deep to get the answers.Melissa Petruzzello was the person who most recently improved and updated this article.
Crown of thorns – Wikipedia
El Greco’s painting of Christ bearing the cross with the crown of thorns is a good example.During the circumstances leading up to Jesus’ crucifixion, according to the New Testament, a braided crown of thorns was put on his head by the soldiers.It was one of the weapons of the Passion, used by Jesus’ captors to inflict suffering on him while also mocking his claim to power on the world stage.It is mentioned in the gospels of Matthew (″And when they had plaited a crown of thorns, they put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee and mocked him, saying, ″Hail, King of the Jews!″) and Mark (″And when they had plaited a crown of thorns, they put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they b The book of Matthew (27:29), Mark (15:17), and John (19:2, 5) have references to it, and the early Church Fathers, such as Clement of Alexandria, Origen, and others, frequently mention to it.
Since at least the year 400, a relic thought by many to be the crown of thorns has been revered as a symbol of Christ’s suffering.During the Crusades, the Latin Emperor Baldwin II of Constantinople surrendered the relic to the French King Louis IX, who subsequently reclaimed it.After being saved from a fire in the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris on April 15, 2019, it was transported to the Louvre Museum in Paris.
As a relic
When it comes to the crown of thorns, the three biblical gospels that describe it don’t explain what happened to it after the crucifixion.Paulinus of Nola, writing about 409, makes the earliest recorded account of the crown already being revered as a relic.He refers to the crown as a relic that has been worshipped by the faithful from the time of Christ (Epistle Macarius in Migne, Patrologia Latina, LXI, 407).Cassiodorus (c.
570) mentions the crown of thorns as one of the relics that were ″the glory″ of the city of Jerusalem, along with other relics.There, he continues, ″we can see Our Redeemer’s thorny crown, which was only placed on his head in order that all the thorns of the earth would be gathered together and shattered″ (Migne, LXX, 621).Gregory of Tours’s statement in his De gloria martyri that the thorns in the crown ″still looked green,″ a freshness that was miraculously renewed each day, does little to support the historical authenticity of a relic he had not seen.
- However, the Breviary or Short Description of Jerusalem: 16 ) (a short text dated to about 530 AD: iv ), and the itinerary of Antoninus of Piacenza (6th century): 18 clearly A putative crown of thorns was revered in Jerusalem in the early decades of the common era, according to these scraps of evidence and others of later date (the ″Pilgrimage″ of the monk Bernard, for example, indicates that the relic was still at Mount Zion in 870).
The crown was supposedly relocated to Constantinople, which was then the capital of the empire, at some point after that.Francois de Mély, a historian, believes that the entire crown was transported from Jerusalem to Constantinople not long before the year 1063.In any case, Emperor Justinian is said to have given a thorn to Germain, Bishop of Paris, which was long preserved at Saint-Germain-des-Prés, while the Empress Irene, in 798 or 802, sent several thorns to Charlemagne, which were deposited by him at Aachen, according to legend and historical evidence.The subsequent history of several of these can be traced without difficulty: four were given to Saint-Corneille of Compiègne in 877 by Charles the Bald; Hugh the Great, Duke of the Franks, sent one to the Anglo-Saxon King Athelstan in 927 on the occasion of certain marriage negotiations; and another was presented to a Spanish princess in 928.
With an eye toward gaining help for his faltering kingdom, Baldwin II of Constantinople made an offer to Louis IX of France in 1238, which was accepted by the French monarch.Despite the fact that it was in the possession of the Venetians as security for a large debt of 13,134 gold pieces, it was eventually redeemed and transported to Paris, where Louis IX constructed the Sainte-Chapelle, which was finished in 1248, to house it.Following the French Revolution, after finding a temporary home at the Bibliothèque Nationale, the Concordat of 1801 returned the relic to the Catholic Church, where it is now housed in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris, where it has remained since.It is believed that the thorns from Ziziphus spina-christi, a plant native to Africa and Southern and Western Asia, had been removed from the Crown and kept in separate reliquaries since shortly after they arrived in France.
The twisted circlet of rushes from Juncus balticus, a plant native to maritime areas of northern Britain, the Baltic region, and Scandinavia, was given to the church; the thorns from Ziziphus spina-christi, a plant native New reliquaries were constructed for the relic, one of which was commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte and another which was fashioned to the designs of Eugène Viollet-le-Duc and was made of jeweled rock crystal and was more appropriately Gothic in style.When the remaining jewels from the Sainte-Chapelle were on display at the Louvre in 2001, the chaplet was ceremoniously presented every Friday at Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris.During World Youth Day, Pope John Paul II personally delivered the translation to Sainte-Chapelle.
- The relic can only be viewed on the first Friday of the month, when it is displayed for a special veneration Mass, and on each Friday of Lent, when it is displayed for a special veneration Mass.
- See also the Feast of the Crown of Thorns for further information.
- During the fire at Notre-Dame de Paris on April 15, 2019, members of the Paris Fire Brigade were able to preserve the relic.
It is said in the Catholic Encyclopedia that ″authorities are unanimous that the Roman troops must have plaited a type of helmet of thorns, with this band of rushes being utilized to hold the thorns together.″ According to M.De Mély, it is probable that the sixty or seventy thorns, which appear to have been afterwards distributed by St.Louis and his successors, had already been taken from the ring of rushes and were being maintained in a separate reliquary at the time the circlet was transported to Paris.None of them are now present in Paris.
At Arras and Lyons, there are also some small shards of rush that have survived.The origin and character of the thorns have been debated for centuries, but both tradition and extant evidence indicate that they must have originated from the shrub botanically known as Ziziphus spina-christi, more often known as the jujube tree.This plant grows to a height of fifteen to twenty feet and may be found growing in abundance along the side of the road in and around the city of Jerusalem.The crooked branches of this plant are equipped with thorns that grow in pairs, with a straight spine and a curved spine that are frequently seen together at each point on the branch.
- The relic preserved in the Capella della Spina in Pisa, as well as the one in Trier, which, despite the fact that their early histories are disputed and opaque, are among the greatest in size, serve as excellent examples of this uniqueness in their respective locations.
Valentin Maler’s silver medal depicts Jesus Christ with a crown of thorns, made in Nuremberg in the 16th century.Interestingly, not all of the so-called holy thorns have been proven to be first-class replicas of the genuine crown of thorns.M.de Mély was able to compile a list of more than 700 names.
In one medieval obituary that Peter de Averio gave to the cathedral of Angers, the phrase, ″unam de spinis quae fuit apposita coronae spinae nostri Redemptoris″ (″one of the spines that were attached to the thorny crown of our Redeemer″) is used to indicate that many of the thorns were relics of the third class—objects that had been touched by a relic of The term ″sacramental″ refers to a devotional object that has been touched to a first-class relic and, in this case, any of the objects used in the Crucifixion that carried the blood of Christ.In Roman Catholic tradition, a relic of the first class is a part of the body of a saint or, in this case, any of the objects used in the Crucifixion that carried the blood of Christ; in this case, any of the objects used in the It is therefore difficult to trace the history of these objects of devotion, even in relatively current times, because first-class relics were frequently separated and any number of real third-class relics may exist.
- The crown of thorns is seen in Christ Carrying the Cross by Andrea Solario, who painted it in 1513. During a crusade to the Holy Land, the French King Louis IX purchased what is now known as the Crown of Thorns, which was worn by Jesus. It is still on display in Paris, at the Louvre Museum, until this day. In addition, individual thorns were given by the French monarch to other European royals: for example, the Holy Thorn Reliquary in the British Museum, which contains only a single thorn, was made in 1390s for the French prince Jean, duc de Berry, who is documented as having received more than one thorn from Charles V and VI, who were his brother and nephew, respectively. It was decided to revere two ″holy thorns,″ one in St. Michael’s church in Ghent, and the other at Stonyhurst College. Both claimed to be thorns that were presented to Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland by his mother, Mary Queen of Scots. The following are included in the ″Gazetteer of Relics and Miraculous Images,″ in alphabetical order: Cruz (1984) explains how he came to be. a piece of the crown of thorns (since 1561)
- Belgium: Ghent, St. Michael’s Church: a thorn from the crown of thorns
- Belgium: Wevelgem: a portion of the crown of thorns (since 1561)
- Czech Republic: Prague, St. Vitus Cathedral: A thorn of the crown of thorns, in the cross at the top of the Crown of Saint Wenceslas, which is a component of the Bohemian Crown Jewels
- A thorn of the crown of thorns, in the cross at the top of the Crown of Saint Wenceslas
- France: Notre-Dame de Paris: The crown of thorns, which was brought from the Holy Land by Louis IX in the 12th century and from which individual thorns have been given by the French monarchs to other European royals
- it is displayed on the first Friday of each month and on all Fridays during Lent (including Good Friday)
- it is a World Heritage Site.
- A part of the crown of thorns, which was delivered to the place by Louis IX
- France: Sainte-Chapelle
- It is said that the Cathedral of Trier was once a thorn from the Crown of Thorns.
- Kolumba’s thorn from the Crown of Thorns, which was granted to the Dominicans of Liège by Louis IX, and another thorn from the treasure of St. Kolumba in Cologne are on display in Germany’s Kolumba.
- Germany: Elchingen: Church of the old Benedictine Abbey Kloster Elchingen: a thorn that was brought to the church in 1650/51
- a thorn that was brought to the church in 1650/51
- A pair of thorns from the crown of thorns in Rome’s Santa Croce in Gerusalemme
- In Italy, in the town of Santa Prassede, there is a little fragment of the crown of thorns.
- Italy: Pisa, Chiesa di Santa Chiara: A branch with thorns from the crown of thorns
- Italy: Naples, Santa Maria Incoronata: A piece of the crown of thorns
- Italy: Florence, Chiesa di Santa Chiara: A branch with thorns from the crown of thorns
- Italy: Ariano Irpino, Cathedral: Two thorns from the crown of thorns
- two thorns from the crown of thorns
- The thorns from the crown of thorns can be found in the following locations: Portugal: Museum of St. Roque (SCML), Reliquary of the Holy Thorn
- Spain: Cathedral of Oviedo (formerly eight thorns from the crown of thorns)
- Spain: Cathedral of Barcelona (formerly eight thorns from the crown of thorns)
- Spain: Iglesia de la Anunciación (Hermandad del Valle): A
- United Kingdom: British Museum: Holy Thorn Reliquary (see above), Salting Reliquary, each with a thorn
- United Kingdom: Stanbrook Abbey, Worcester: A thorn from the crown of thorns
- United Kingdom: Stonyhurst College, Lancashire: A thorn from the crown of thorns
- United Kingdom: Stanbrook Abbey, Worcester: A thorn from the crown of thorns
- United Kingdom: Stonyhurst College,
- Saint Anthony’s Chapel in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: A thorn from the crown of thorns
- United States:
- Ukraine: St. Prophet Elijah Monastery near Odessa, where a remnant of a thorn from the crown of thorns was found
- During the reign of St.
- Louis and following the construction of the Sainte-Chapelle, the presence of the crown of thorns in art, most notably on the head of Christ in Crucifixion depictions or the topic Ecce Homo, is first noted.
- A figure of the crown of thorns was purportedly found in the circle that sometimes encircles the chi-rho emblem on early Christian sarcophagi, according to the Catholic Encyclopedia,