How did Jesus Christ die?
“Jesus pleaded with the Father, saying, ‘Father, pardon them, for they do not know what they are doing.'” — Matthew 23:34 KJVM Edical specialists, historians, and archaeologists have all looked at the execution that Jesus Christ chose to go through in great detail. His execution was universally acknowledged to have been one of the most grueling and agonizing types of lethal punishment ever created by man. A brief account of some of the facts we know about his final hours from historical sources, archaeology, and medicine is provided below.
Severe stress, even before the abuse began
“Jesus pleaded with the Father, saying, ‘Father, pardon them, for they do not realize what they are doing.’ ” 23:34 in the Bible KJVM In-depth investigations have been conducted on the execution that Jesus Christ chose to suffer by edical specialists, historians, and archaeologists His execution was universally acknowledged to have been one of the most grueling and agonizing methods of capital punishment ever conceived by man.
A brief synopsis of some of the facts we know about his final hours from historical sources, archaeology, and medicine is presented below.
Torture by beating with Roman scourges
An artist’s rendition of Jesus Christ’s crucifixion and execution The Romans had previously been defeated by the Jews, and now it was their turn. Batterings inflicted by Romansoldiers are well-known for being extremely bloody, resulting in lacerations all over the person receiving them. The whips used by the Romans were meant to cut the flesh off the bodies of their victims. These beatings were intended to be excruciatingly painful to the point of death. It would also cause fluid to accumulate around his lungs as a result of the procedure.
When combined with Christ’s already-stressed state, these beatings were simply enough to bring him to his death.
Having gone for several hours without food or water, and having lost fluids via excessive perspiration and significant bleeding, Jesus would have been seriously dehydrated by now.
Aside from that, Jesus was compelled to carry the woodenbeamon on which he would perish.
The pain and damage inflicted by crucifixion, which was performed entirely nude in front of the public, were intended to be so devilishly acute that the victim would constantly wish for death, yet may linger for days without respite. In the words of Dr. Frederick Zugibe, “severe, excruciating, burning pain, like lightning bolts traversing the arm into the spinal cord” can result from the piercing of the median nerve of the hands with anail. “Severe, excruciating, burning pain, like lightning bolts traversing the arm into the spinal cord,” he says.
- The body’s posture on the cross is also intended to make breathing exceedingly difficult.
- Doctor Frederick Zugibe, the medical examiner, believes Christ died as a result of shock caused by the loss of blood and fluid combined with traumatic shock from his injuries as well as cardiogenic shock, which caused Christ’s heart to fail.
- “My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?” says the song, which is translated.
- In addition, at that point, the huge, thick curtain that had hitherto concealed the Holy of Holiesroom was pulled open from top to bottom.
- James Thompson thought that Jesus did not die as a result of tiredness, the beatings, or the three hours of crucifixion, but rather from an agony of the mind that caused a rupture of the heart.
- Blood and water gushed out of the spear in a frenzied burst (John 19:34).
- According to renowned scientist Samuel Houghton, only the combination of the crucifixion and the rupture of the heart could create this outcome.
According to the Bible, it is apparent that Jesus selected and willed the moment of His death.
He is both totally human and entirely divine, despite the fact that He is fully human.
“If you are the Christ, save yourself and us,” said a felon standing next to him at the end of the performance.
In this conversation, he was speaking to ourCreator, who is capable of releasing all of the power in the universe and beyond, as well as effortlessly rescuing himself.
He suffered in order to offer a necessary means of redemption for you and me.
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Is Jesus Christ the answer?
Or, better yet, begin at the very beginning of God’s tale in order to comprehend what God accomplished and why Jesus died.
(ChristianAnswers.Net/godstory) The website ChristianAnswers.Net/jesus contains a wealth of additional information and data regarding Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection, which you may access by clicking here.
In Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John you may read about Christ’s death since each of these disciples documented what happened, with more or lesser details based on their major emphasis.
- What is crucifixion? Answer
- sSweating blood – Did Jesus really do it? Answer
- sBiblical description of Christ’s last day, death and resurrection: According to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
- How did Jesus die? On what kind of cross was he crucified? Answer
- s► Jesus Christ GREATLY HUMBLED himself for humanity’s sake. How and Why? Did Jesus only faint and then recover from his wounds, or did he suffer a complete and total loss of consciousness? Answer
- sIf Jesus is God, how could he die? If Jesus died on the cross, how is it possible that he is still alive today? Answer: ARCHAEOLOGY—Have any burial sites been discovered for the people who were involved in Christ’s life and death, and if so, where? Answer
- sWhy the DIFFERENT INSCRIPTIONS on the cross? Answer
- sWhat does the inscription “INRI” mean? Answer
- s fall of manandsin
- s law
- s justice of God
- s Redeemerandredemption
- s ransom
- s debtanddebtor
- s grace
- s justification
- s gospel
- s salvation
- s the final judgment
- What does Islam teach about the crucifixion of Jesus? Answer
- s crown of thorns
- For example, the biography of Jesus Christ by Frederick W. Farrar (Dutton, Dovar: Cassell and Co., 1897)
- And Josh McDowell, Evidence that Demands a Verdict (Campus Crusade). In ” How Jesus Died: The Final 18 Hours “, a video released by Trinity Pictures, Dr. Ramsay MacMullen, history professor emeritus at Yale University, Dr. James Strange, professor of religious studies at the University of South Florida, and Dr. Frederick Zugibe, medical examiner, discuss the final hours of Jesus’ life. In Focus on the Family’s Resurrection of the Messiah, Faith Lessons (video), (Colorado Springs, Colorado: Focus on the Family)
Paul S. Taylor of Christian Answers is the author of this article. Films for Christ reserves all rights to the content of this page, except as mentioned on the “Usage and Copyright”page, which offers ChristianAnswers.Net readers generous rights to use this page in their homes, personal witnessing, churches, and educational institutions.
Christ’s Death Under Medical Examination : Doctors’ Investigation of the Crucifixion Published in AMA Journal
When Jesus Christ died on the crucifixion, it was a study in the anguish of a man whose arms and legs, their main nerves potentially pierced by spikes, fired searing jolts of pain through a body already depleted of blood from a severe whipping, a study in human suffering. At least three hours had passed before Jesus succumbed to an extraordinarily severe sort of blood loss-induced shock and a type of asphyxia that was not usually associated with the crucifixion. Eventually, he may have experienced a climactic cardiac seizure, maybe caused by a blood clot bursting loose inside his arteries and causing deadly damage to his heart muscle at the time of his death.
- Assuming he did in fact incur a lance wound after losing consciousness for what appeared to be the final time, the spear point most likely penetrated the heart, discharging a mixture of blood and fluid that had collected as a result of the growing asphyxiation.
- At the very least, these are the results of the most comprehensive medical assessment of the anguish of Christ’s death that has ever been published in a scientific publication.
- Perhaps most surprisingly, the new review appears to be the first significant medical examination of the Crucifixion to be published in this century, according to the authors.
- According to Dr.
- Indeed, topics that are steeped so deeply in history, philosophy, and religion cannot be answered with absolute clarity at this time.
- Michael Baden, deputy chief medical examiner for the city of New York, not only is it difficult to draw really valid medical conclusions regarding Christ’s death, but attempting to do so too vigorously may cause faith and science to become hopelessly confused.
- Kennedy and the overdose death of comedian John Belushi, have been brought under Baden’s scrutiny.
- According to Baden, “there is something lovely in faith, and (it) stands on its own two feet.” In attempting to provide faith-based scientific grounds, a conflict is always generated.
- to stories that do not allow for that level of exactitude.” Several aspects of Baden’s perspective are comparable to those of the Roman Catholic Church, according to Father Newman Eberhardt, a professor of church history at St.
The fact that the Crucifixion took place under total divine supervision makes 20th-century pathology meaningless, according to Eberhardt, if one believes, as Christians do, that Jesus Christ was God’s son in the end analysis If the belief in the deity of Jesus is denied, any attempted research over 2,000 years after the fact will be ineffective at diagnosing the problem.
“She doesn’t have any insights into biological principles.” Undeterred by whether science has any relevance to such a fundamentally religious issue, doctors who have reviewed the new crucifixion pathology findings have noted that at least some of the science may rely for its most definitive conclusions on medical evidence that is at the very least controversial and possibly suspect.
The shroud has been a source of controversy for decades, and it is still awaiting what may be a critical evaluation—radiocarbon dating—that could assist to determine whether its fiber genuinely belongs to the time of Jesus.
Assuming that the shroud was used as a burial cloth for Christ and that it contains an image of his body at the time of burial, it may be able to confirm more scientifically than anything else the nature and severity of the injuries he sustained as well as reveal something about his overall physical appearance.
A further point to mention is that the Mayo Clinic pathologist who is the primary author of the new study is a “born-again” Christian who, according to him, brought a strong desire to confirm the tenet of faith that Christ died on the cross, thus making the Resurrection a genuine miracle to his review.
- He thanked the team for their efforts.
- William D.
- Most modern pathologists and medical examiners have never seen a crucifixion victim, however one specialist who was questioned by The Times admitted that he had strapped himself to a cross in order to witness firsthand the effects of the crucifixion on respiration.
- Edwards is a professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota.
Phenomena in the Medical Field According to Edwards, Gabel, and Hosmer, the events of Good Friday are associated with the following medical phenomena: The night before his death, certain scripture sources claim that Jesus was in extreme emotional torment, and that his perspiration had the appearance of blood on his forehead and on his cheeks.
- – The fact that Jesus’ career forced him to travel long miles on foot through what is now Israel, as well as his brief religious trial on blasphemy accusations and the anguish of crucifixion, very probably contributed to his good physical health prior to those events.
- – In the aftermath of Christ’s trial and condemnation, he was subjected to an extremely painful scourging with a sort of whip that may have contained shards of jagged bone and metal wrapped into its thongs.
- A considerable volume of blood was lost during the whipping, which may have accounted for up to a quarter to a third of the body’s total blood flow, according to reports.
- Further support for the deepening shock idea is provided by the fact that Christ could not bear the weight of his own cross when he was ordered to carry it to the execution place.
- Although there are no major arteries near the sites of the nailings, it is possible that the spikes struck one of a number of important main nerves.
- A similar amount of discomfort would have been experienced if the cuts had happened on the feet.
- In the traditional symptoms of crucifixion, the posture would have started to impair his respiratory capacity almost immediately, causing a steady decrease in the amount of oxygen being mixed into his circulation and laying the stage for eventual asphyxiation.
– Because of the way Jesus’ respiratory system had been weakened, it would have been incredibly difficult for him to speak, as the Scriptures claim he did seven times from the cross.
Jesus was most likely controlling his intake of air and oxygen with the muscles of his abdomen, rather than his chest, because the chest’s role in respiration would have been severely curtailed.
As a result of this stress, the signs of congestive heart failure would have manifested themselves in Jesus’ respiratory system, and blood clots would have formed on the major arteries and valves of the heart.
– The possibility that there was no such climactic heart attack exists, and that the death was caused more likely by shock, the final overpowering impact of exhaustion-induced asphyxia, or some other unexpected, acute heart failure episode exists.
Although it is not clear based on the available evidence, it is possible that Jesus’ death was influenced by an actual cardiac rupture, a situation popularized in the traditional layman’s perception of the Crucifixion, in which Christ is said to have died as the result of a broken heart.
However, despite the fact that the biblical accounts contain inconsistencies, traditional Christian belief holds that a Roman soldier jabbed the moribund Christ with the tip of a lance.
The wound appeared to have penetrated the chest cavity.
Between three and six hours had passed since Christ had been nailed on the cross.
Traditional interpretations based on the premise that Jesus did not die on the cross appear to be at odds with contemporary medical knowledge.” A telephone discussion with Edwards revealed that if he had to choose just one conclusion, it would not be one that was medical in nature.
“I believe that the most essential conclusion we can reach is that Christ died on the cross.” When it comes to alternative theories of the Resurrection,” the belief that Jesus rose from the grave three days after his death, many people believe this self-evident, and the significant consequences are more theological than medical in nature.
- “I believe the authors would tend (to say) that our (medical findings) do not contradict the scriptural Crucifixion, but this is not because we started out with that bias in mind,” says the researcher.
- It appears that our findings provide considerable evidence in favor of the literal, biblical understanding of a supernatural, miraculous bodily resurrection.” Dr.
- He is now considered to be one of the world’s foremost authorities on the shroud, and he is convinced of its authenticity.
- asked him to act as a review editor-common practice among major medical publications.
- Without the shroud, Bucklin said, “you can only speculate” about the physiological causes of Jesus’ death.
- “I’ve been to court too many times,” Bucklin said.
- Bucklin said he once had assistants tie him to a cross for a few minutes so he could better understand the physiology of what occurs in crucifixion.
- You can put it all together and when you do, you have a very complete picture of what happened on that day in Jerusalem,” Bucklin said.
- To do so ignores, Bucklin said, the fundamentally religious nature of the interpretation of the life of Jesus Christ.
- “That doesn’t mean these other things (medical events) did not occur.
But the bottom line is that he willed his death at that particular moment.” Baden agreed, saying in a telephone interview that “the problem here is to interpret faith in the light of the scientific principles.” Clearly, said Baden, the new Crucifixion review is more historical than medical and “would not be admissible in a court of law if we were looking at an individual found in similar circumstances today.
“There were other things going on here (in this case.) I think (if this was a modern day case) it would require a diagnosis including exposure and exhaustion with lacerations of the back, (head) and chest.“ But we’re talking about a discussion of faith and mixing it again with the trappings of science and I am not persuaded that, with or without the Shroud of Turin, there is validity to this interpretation.
I don’t think this sort of study would achieve the degree of validity to be authorized in the courts, but I’m sure physicians recognize that. “It’s certainly interesting to try to correlate biblical and other historical statements with modern knowledge.”
How Jesus Died: Rare Evidence of Roman Crucifixion Found
When Jesus Christ died on the crucifixion, it was a study in the anguish of a man whose wrists and legs, their main nerves potentially pierced by spikes, fired searing jolts of pain through a body already depleted of blood from a harsh whipping, a study in human suffering At least three hours had passed before Jesus succumbed to an unusually severe variety of blood loss-induced shock and a type of suffocation that would normally result from crucifixion and beheading.
- He may have died as a result of a climactic heart seizure, which may have been triggered by a blood clot breaking loose inside his arteries and causing fatal damage to the heart muscle.
- The spear tip, if he did suffer a lance wound after he lost consciousness for the final time, is likely to have pierced his chest cavity, releasing a mixture of blood and fluid that had accumulated due to the worsening asphyxia.
- According to the most comprehensive medical review of Christ’s agony that has ever been published in a medical journal, at the very least, these conclusions are correct.
- Perhaps most surprisingly, the new evaluation appears to be the first major medical evaluation of the Crucifixion to be published in this century, according to the authors.
- According to Dr.
- To be sure, questions that are rooted so deeply in history, philosophy, and theology are impossible to resolve with certainty.
- Michael Baden, deputy chief medical examiner in New York City, observed, not only is it impossible to draw truly reliable medical conclusions about Christ’s death, but attempting to do so may cause faith and science to become hopelessly mixed up, if one tries too hard.
Kennedy and the overdose death of comedian John Belushi, have been brought under Baden’s supervision.
According to Baden, “There is something beautiful about faith, and (it) stands on its own two feet.” In attempting to provide faith-based scientific underpinnings, a conflict is inevitably generated.
in the context of accounts that do not permit that kind of exactitude” I believe it is difficult to do so.
John’s Seminary in Camarillo, said that some of Baden’s positions are similar to those of the Roman Catholic Church.
The rejection of the deity of Jesus means that any attempted science nearly 2,000 years after the fact will be ineffective as a diagnostic tool.
For the purpose of instructing people on how to reach heaven, the church was established.
It is the Shroud of Turin, which many believe to be the actual burial cloth of Jesus, but whose authenticity has not been established, that is the most important piece of evidence in this chain of proof.
A decision on how or whether to scientifically date the shroud will not be made for at least another year, according to the Roman Catholic Church, which controls the shroud.
Three leading pathologists agreed that if the shroud is proven to be fake, the majority of the medical conclusions in a recently published review will be invalidated on the basis of science.
However, he asserted that the research team was successful in putting aside its personal beliefs in order to conduct a legitimate scientific and historical investigation.
Most modern pathologists and medical examiners have never seen a crucifixion victim, though one expert who was questioned by The Times admitted that he once tied himself to a cross in order to witness firsthand the effects of the crucifixion on respiratory ability.
Edwards was the primary author of the Mayo Clinic evaluation.
Phenomenology (Medical Term) Medical phenomena such as the following are involved in the events of Good Friday, according to Edwards, Gabel and Hosmer.
If the description is accurate, the Mayo Clinic team hypothesized that Christ may have suffered from a rare medical condition known as hematidrosis, in which blood is transferred to the sweat glands and then expelled from the body mixed with perspiration.
Although he was probably exhausted and suffering from severe emotional upset by the morning of the Crucifixion, these factors were likely to have undermined his physical strength.
This was the first stage of his execution.
– The blood loss paved the way for the start of shock to occur sooner rather than later.
– Six to seven inch long spikes were driven through Jesus’ wrists and both feet to secure him to the crucifixion.
Although there are no major arteries near the sites of the nailings, it is possible that the spikes struck one of a number of important main nerves at the same time.
In the case of foot wounds, the agony would have been comparable.
According to the standard symptoms of crucifixion, the posture would have almost immediately begun to impair his respiratory capacity, resulting in a steady reduction in the amount of oxygen being mixed into his circulation and laying the stage for eventual asphyxiation.
– Because of the way Jesus’ respiratory system had been weakened, speaking-as the Scriptures claim he did seven times from the cross-would have been exceedingly hard for him to accomplish.
Jesus was most likely managing his intake of air and oxygen using the muscles of his belly, as the role of the chest in breathing would have been greatly reduced.
As a result of this stress, the signs of congestive heart failure would have manifested themselves in Jesus’ respiratory system, and blood clots would have formed in the major arteries and valves of the heart.
– The possibility that there was no such climactic heart attack exists, and that the death was caused more likely by shock, the final overpowering impact of exhaustion-induced asphyxia, or some other unexpected, acute heart failure episode is a distinct possibility.
According to the available evidence, it is unclear if Jesus’ death was impacted by a genuine cardiac rupture, a circumstance popularized in the conventional layman’s interpretation of the Crucifixion, in which Christ is claimed to have died as a result of a shattered heart.
The conventional Christian view is that a Roman soldier poked the moribund Christ with the tip of a lance, despite the fact that there are conflicts in the scriptural stories.
The tip of the spear most likely hit the heart as well, although the damage was little by that point.
Overall, according to the article published by the Mayo Clinic, “the weight of historical and medical evidence shows that Jesus was dead before the wound to his side was administered.” Whether or whether he died may be more relevant than how he died (in conclusion).
“It would be theological,” he stated.
” When it comes to alternative theories of the Resurrection,” the belief that Jesus rose from the grave three days after his death, many people believe this self-evident, and the significant consequences are more theological than physiological in nature.
“I believe the writers would incline (to argue) that our (medical results) do not contradict the scriptural Crucifixion, but this is not because we set out with that prejudice in mind,” says the author.
“Our findings provide substantial support for the literal, biblical understanding of a supernatural, miraculous physical resurrection,” the researchers write.
Robert Bucklin, a deputy San Diego County medical examiner who has been studying the Shroud of Turin since the 1940s and is a devout Christian, when Edwards and the two other authors first submitted their article for publication in the American Medical Association journal a year or so ago, the conclusions did not take any account of the clinical evidence that may be contained in the shroud.
- When the Journal of the American Medical Association invited Bucklin to serve as a review editor for the journal, he was provided with a copy of an earlier draft of the new paper, which is standard practice among large medical publications.
- Bucklin asserted that, in the absence of the shroud, “one can only hypothesize” about the physiological causes of Jesus’ death.
- He asserted that, according to his own examination of the pathophysiology of the Crucifixion, weariness had a less significant part in the cause of death than pure asphyxia.
- The right to bring in additional disciplines has been granted to you.
- Taking this approach, Bucklin argues, is contrary to the profoundly religious essence of Christian understanding of the life of Jesus Christ.
- “That does not rule out the possibility that these other things (medical occurrences) occurred.” I am not attempting to argue that his death was not caused by anatomical factors.
- But we’re talking about a topic of religion, and we’re mixing it up with the trappings of science once more, and I’m not certain that this interpretation, with or without the Shroud of Turin, has any merit.
I do not believe that this sort of analysis would be valid enough to be used in a court of law, but I am confident that physicians are aware of this. “Attempting to link biblical and other historical assertions with contemporary understanding is obviously fascinating.”
In their study, which was published online on April 12 in the journal Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, the researchers stated that the skeletal remains were discovered at Gavello, which is about 25 miles (40 kilometers) southwest of Venice, during archaeological excavations in preparation for the laying of a pipeline. Experts discovered that the body had been buried directly in the ground rather than in a tomb, and that it did not have any burial items, which was unusual for a Roman-era burial, according to the researchers.
According to the researchers, the lack of burial goods and the dead man’s diminutive build showed that he may have been an underfed slave who was buried without the traditional Roman funeral procedures, which were regularly performed as part of the punishment for condemned captives at the time.
Lead study author Emanuela Gualdi, a medical anthropologist at Ferrara’s University of Ferrara, told Live Science in an email that the researchers discovered “a specific lesion on the right calcaneus that ran through the whole bone.”
Gualdi and her colleagues stated in their study article that the Romans had learnt about crucifixion from the Carthaginians and had employed it as a form of capital punishment for over a thousand years, until Emperor Constantine abolished it in the fourth century A.D. According to the researchers, Roman crucifixions were intended to cause maximum pain for a prolonged period of time. Victims’ feet and wrists were typically nailed to a wooden cross, which would hold them upright while they suffered a slow and agonizing death, which could take several days, according to the researchers.
Bodies were generally left on the cross to decay or to be eaten by animals, although in other instances, they were taken and buried.
Crucifixions are frequently recounted in historical sources from ancient Roman periods, notably the execution of 6,000 abducted slaves by Roman soldiers during a revolt led by the gladiator Spartacus in the first century B.C.
The execution ofJesus of Nazareth, portrayed in the Christian Bible as taking place in Jerusalem during Roman control at the beginning of the Christian period, is unquestionably the most famous crucifixion (between A.D. 30 and 36). There has been no definite archaeological evidence of that incident discovered to date. The biblical narratives of Jesus’ crucifixion, on the other hand, are central to Christian religion, and the cross has served as a symbol of Christian faith throughout history. Other than this discovery in 1968, while workers were excavating graves from the period of the Crucified Christ in Jerusalem, no other crucifixion victim has ever been discovered.
The nail was discovered in its original position within the bone, linked to a little piece of olive wood that had been a component of the wooden cross on which the guy had been hung to die, according to the findings.
Gualdi said to Live Science that bones with these sorts of abnormalities were more prone to fracture, were more difficult to maintain, and were more difficult to identify.
The irregular interment of human remains in Gavello continues to raise a number of questions: Despite the fact that we do not know whether or not he was a prisoner, Gualdi believes that he was most likely a somebody who was thought dangerous or defamed in Roman society because of his burial marginalization.
Tom Metcalfe is a freelance writer and a regular contributor to Live Science who is located in London, England, who writes about science and technology.
Tom’s primary areas of interest include science, astronomy, archaeology, the Earth, and the oceans, among other things. He has also written for a variety of publications, including the BBC, NBC News, National Geographic, Scientific American, and AirSpace, among others.
Why Did Jesus Die?
According to EveryStudent.com The killing of Jesus Christ through crucifixion was reserved for the most heinous of offenders. In Jesus’ situation, it seems that almost everyone helped in some way. All of the Jewish religious authorities, the Gentile Roman authority, and an enraged crowd of people demanded his execution. Why? It all began in a little town in Israel, not far from the capital city of Jerusalem. Having reached the age of thirty, Jesus began to educate others about life and God. He drew a large number of people to him.
- He accepted not only the affluent and powerful, but also prostitutes, the impoverished, the sick, and others who were excluded in society.
- “He who follows me will not walk in darkness, but will be illuminated by the light of life,” Jesus says.
- As a result of what they witnessed.
- He started with a handful of fish and a few loaves of bread and worked his way up to feeding a 4,000-person hungry gathering.
- At sea, Jesus arose and ordered the wind and rain to cease, bringing about a brief respite from the storm.
- 3On several occasions, he was able to bring the dead back to life.
So Why Was Jesus Crucified?
As Jesus taught the masses, he was also critical of the religious authority in power at the time. They made a show of their authority, insisting on strict adherence to their stringent rituals, rules, and cultural customs. “They bind together huge loads that are difficult to carry and place them on people’s shoulders,” Jesus remarked of them. 4 “You hypocrites!” he said, in a direct challenge to their position. Isaiah accurately saw your future when he declared, “This nation respects me with their lips, but their hearts are distant from me; in vain do they worship me, teaching the laws of men as doctrines.” 5 In the case of the Sabbath, for example, they were very rigid.
- It was more limiting than it was soothing in its effects.
- In response, Jesus instructed the guy to take up his mat and walk.
- “It is the Sabbath, and it is not permissible for you to be carrying your mat,” the Pharisees told him when they spotted him.
- He did not take a break on the Sabbath.
Jesus Was Clear about His Deity.
Knowing Jesus, according to him, was to know God. 7To behold him was to behold God. 8Believing in him was the same as believing in God. 9To accept him was to accept God as well. 10To despise him was to despise God. 11And to honor him was to worship God, for he was the embodiment of holiness. Following Jesus’ popularity, the Jewish Pharisees and Sadducees determined that they needed to get rid of him in order to restore control over the people’s hearts and minds. They captured Jesus and took him before the high priest, who questioned Jesus, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?” (Are you the Son of the Blessed?) I am,” Jesus said, and you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, descending on the clouds of sky to meet you.
- And they all agreed that he was a murderer who deserved to die.
- This means that both Jewish and Gentile people took part in Jesus’ murder.
- He thought that Jesus should be freed from his imprisonment.
- “Crucify him!” they cried out in unison.
- The judgment was death by crucifixion, the form of torture and execution used by the Roman authorities.
Jesus Knew This Would Happen
Jesus was completely unsurprised by all of this. Jesus informed his followers several times previous to his crucifixion that he was going to be arrested, beaten, and crucified, and he was right. His predictions included the possibility of a resurrection three days after his burial. By physically returning to life, Jesus would be able to demonstrate what he had declared about his deity. The soldiers grabbed Jesus and beat him after making a wreath of long thorns and pressing it into his head to serve as a false crown for him.
- In many cases, forty lashes were enough to bring down a person.
- He died of gradual asphyxia and heart failure while hanging there.
- Death on the cross was not only a natural result of Jesus’ miracles and teachings; it was also a deliberate act.
- Jesus had previously demonstrated that he has complete control over nature, illness, and even death.
- Jesus might have walked away from the crucifixion at any point, given the circumstances.
Jesus made the decision to die. “No one can take my life away from me,” Jesus declared just before his arrest. “I choose to lay it down of my own own.” 14 The decision to do so was deliberate on his part. It had been arranged in advance. Intentional.
Why Did Jesus Allow His Crucifixion?
We operate in ways that are diametrically contrary to God’s methods to varied degrees. Take a short look at the news on any given day and you will see what I mean. Racism, murders, sexual abuse, falsehoods, greed, corruption, terrorism, and wars, to name a few examples of wrongdoing. As individuals, we have a proclivity for causing havoc in our own and other people’s lives. God views us as lost and blind, and he holds us accountable for our actions. Consider how appalled and heartbroken we are to learn that a 6-year-old child has been taken from her family and is being subjected to sexual exploitation.
- All of human sin, on the other hand, is an insult to a holy God.
- We don’t even live up to our own expectations, let alone those of another person.
- So, what would a God who is absolutely holy see?
- 15 God instructs the Israelites to sacrifice a lamb once a year for the remission of their sins in the Old Testament, which explains why they must do so once a year.
- However, this was just a momentary reprieve.
- When Jesus arrived, the prophet John the Baptist proclaimed about him, “Behold, the Lamb of God who wipes away the sins of the world.” (John 1:29) 16 Jesus came to earth to bear the penalty for humanity’s sin, namely for our sin, on the cross in our place.
- To save us from God’s wrath, condemnation, and punishment for our sin, Jesus came to earth as our Savior in order to save us from ourselves.
- Jesus suffered the punishment for our sins for us.
DaVinci’s Last Supper
You’ve probably seen the iconic artwork by Leonardo da Vinci depicting the “Last Supper,” in which Jesus sits at a long table with the disciples seated next to him on each side of him on either side of the table. The supper that Jesus shared with his followers the night before he was captured and killed was shown by Da Vinci in this painting. As part of that “Last Supper,” Jesus promised his followers that his blood would be shed “for the remission of sins” for all people. 17 On the cross, Jesus, who had done no sin, paid the penalty for our sin.
We weren’t deserving of him taking our position in the world.
The Bible tells us that “God demonstrates his love for us in this: while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” 18
Our Response to the Crucifixion of Jesus
What is it that he expects of us? In order to make amends and gain our forgiveness? No. We will never be able to repay Jesus for all he has done for us. What he demands of us is straightforward. to put their faith in him He urges us to embrace his dying on our behalf, as well as his total and unconditional forgiveness, as a gift from him. Surprisingly, many people do not want to go through with it. They desire to put up an effort to win their salvation. They must earn their way into paradise.
- In response to their rejection of everything Jesus has done for them, Jesus stated they will die in their sin and face judgment.
- Moreover, everlasting life and an intimate, personal contact with God are also available now, while we are living on the earth.
- Jesus was not simply absorbing the consequences of our wrongdoing.
- He was extending far more than just forgiveness to those who needed it.
- This is analogous to a wealthy billionaire not only canceling a debt owed to him, but also transferring ownership of his whole estate to the individual who was unable to pay the amount back in full.
It is entirely up to us whether or not we accept the gift of a connection with him that he is presenting to us. It was described by Jesus in the following words: “I am the only way, the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father except through me.” 21
His Offer to Us
Anyone who would invite Jesus into their lives and accept his free gift of forgiveness and eternal life will establish a relationship with him that will last for the rest of their lives. Following Jesus’ crucifixion, they buried him in a tomb and stationed a trained Roman guard of soldiers at the tomb to keep watch over him. Why? Jesus had stated on several occasions that he will rise from the dead three days after his his body. Everything he had declared about himself will be proven correct.
- After then, Jesus appeared physically to the disciples several times, first to a throng of 500 people, then to individuals.
- Each of them was murdered for it, in separate parts of the world from one another, because they were so sure of Jesus’ identity.
- “We have come to know and believe in the love that God has for us,” says the apostle John in his book of Revelation.
- Whoever lives in love is a part of God.
- Here’s how you can do it.
- Please accept my apologies.
- You have complete control over my life.
- Amen.” In the case of someone who has only recently asked Jesus into their lives, his crucifixion signifies that you have accepted his gift, that you have been forgiven, and that you have an eternal connection with him.
Footnotes: (1) John 8:12; (2) Matthew 9:35; (3) (3) 4:41 (Matthew 4:41) (4) Jesus said in Matthew 23:4 (5), Matt 15:9 (6), and John 5:18 (7) John 8:19 (eighth) John 12:45 (eighth) John 14:9 (ninth) (9) John 12:44 and 14:1 are two of the most important passages in the Bible (10) 9:37 (Matthew 9:37) (11) 15:23 (John 15:23) John 5:23 (12) (13) Mark 14:61,62 (KJV) (14) 10:18 (John 10:18) (15) Acts 10:43 (16) Romans 6:23 (17) John 1:29 (18) Matthew 26:28 (19) Romans 5:8 (20) Acts 10:43 (20) Paul writes in Romans 6:23 that (21) 14:6 (John 14:6) (22) (23), John 5:24 (24), John 17:25,26 (23) 1John 4:16,17 (24)
6 Facts Surrounding the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
The crucifixion of Jesus Christ was the most horrible, agonizing, and shameful method of lethal punishment ever utilized in the ancient world, and it remains so to this day. Binding the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, and nailing the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, was this form of execution.
Crucifixion Definition and Facts
- The word “crucifixion” (pronounced krü-se-fik-shen) derives from the Latin crucifixio, orcrucifixus, which literally translates as “attached on a cross. ” Crucification was a cruel type of torture and death in the ancient world that entailed tying someone to a tree or a wooden post with ropes or nails, and then hanging them from the tree or post. Preceding the actual crucifixion, convicts were subjected to torture including floggings, beatings, burning, racking, mutilation, and verbal abuse directed at the victim’s family. Crucifixion in the Roman tradition involved driving stakes into a person’s hands and feet before tying him or her to a wooden cross. The crucifixion was the method of execution employed by Jesus Christ.
History of Crucifixion
Although the crucifixion was considered to be one of the most shameful and painful ways of death in ancient times, it was also considered to be one of the most dreaded means of execution in ancient times. Extant records of crucifixions date back to prehistoric times, with the Persians most likely being the first to record them, before spreading to the Assyrians, Scythian, Carthaginian, Germanic, Celtic, and British cultures. Crucifixion, as a form of capital punishment, was reserved largely for traitors, captive armies, slaves, and the most heinous of offenders, among others.
Forms of Crucifixion
It is possible that secular historians were unable to explain the tragic events of this heinous practice because they could not bear to do so because of their religious beliefs. A great deal has been learned about this early form of the death punishment, however, thanks to archaeological discoveries made in first-century Palestine. For the crucifixion, four fundamental constructions or types of crosses were employed:
- There are several types of cruxes: the simplex (one upright stake)
- The commissa (a capital T-shaped structure)
- The decussata (an X-shaped cross)
- And the immissa (the well-known lower case t-shaped structure of Jesus’ crucifixion).
Bible Story Summary of Christ’s Crucifixion
Several biblical passages, including Matthew 27:27-56, Mark 15:21-38, Luke 23:26-49, and John 19:16-37 (all from the New International Version), describe Jesus Christ’s death on the Roman crucifixion. Christians believe that Christ’s death served as the perfect atonement for the sins of all humanity, which has resulted in the crucifix, also known as the cross, becoming one of the most recognized symbols of Christianity. As recounted in the Bible’s account of Jesus’ execution, the Jewish high council, known as the Sanhedrin, convicted Jesus of blasphemy and determined that he should be put to death.
- Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler, who determined that he was innocent.
- Jesus was ordered to be executed by the Sanhedrin; thus, Pilate, fearing the Jews, handed Jesus over to one of his centurions to carry out the death sentence.
- On his head was a crown of thorns, which he refused to take off.
- Jesus was given a concoction of vinegar, gall, and myrrh, but he turned down the offer.
A cross was erected on which Jesus was crucified between two criminals, and stakes were hammered through his wrists and ankles to secure him to the structure. “The King of the Jews,” according to the inscription on the wall over his head.
Timeline of Jesus’ Death by Crucifixion
From roughly 9 a.m. until 3 p.m., Jesus hung on the cross for approximately six hours. People were passing by yelling obscenities and scoffing as soldiers cast lots for Jesus’ garments during this time. When Jesus ascended to the cross, he addressed his mother Mary and the disciple John. “My God, my God, why have You left Me?” he screamed out to his father as well. At that point, the entire landscape was enveloped in darkness. Soon after, as Jesus took his final excruciating breath, an earthquake struck the Earth, tearing the temple curtain in two from top to bottom, shattering it.
The tombs were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God.” In order to demonstrate mercy, it was customary for Roman troops to break the criminal’s legs, so speeding up the process of execution.
Rather than shattering his legs, they punctured his side with a knife.
Good Friday – Remembering the Crucifixion
Christians celebrate the passion, or suffering, and death of Jesus Christ on the cross on Good Friday, the Friday before Easter, which is observed on the Friday before Easter. Many Christians spend this day in fasting, prayer, repentance, and contemplation of Christ’s anguish on the cross, among other things.
- Crucifixion. The Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368)
- The Crucifixion (p. 368)
- The Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368)
The death of Jesus (Matthew 27:45-56) – The death of Jesus – CCEA – GCSE Religious Studies Revision – CCEA
When the sun went down at midday, the entire country was enveloped in darkness, which lasted for three hours. At around 3 o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus called out, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” This literally translates as “My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?” The people assumed he was summoning the prophetElijah, and they waited to see if he would come to Jesus’ assistance. After that, Jesus let forth a piercing wail and breathed his last. The curtain that was hanging in the temple had been split in half from top to bottom at that point.
When the soldiers witnessed the earthquake and everything that followed, they were scared and said, “He truly was the Son of God!” There were a large number of women there, many of whom had accompanied Jesus from Galilee and had assisted him.
Understanding the text
From the sixth hour to the ninth hour, Jesus was hanging on the cross of Calvary. Because the first hour in Jesus’ day was 6 a.m., this indicates that he was on the cross from 12 noon until 3 p.m. According to Matthew, “darkness descended upon the whole region” at this period. It is possible that this darkness was caused by nature, but it is more probable that it was symbolic—the crucifixion of God’s son was one of the darkest periods in history. Darkness was considered a symbol of God’s judgment in the Old Testament, and one of the ten plagues that God brought to Egypt was a blanket of darkness that enveloped the land for three days.
As he was dying, Jesus shouted out in Aramaic, his native tongue, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” (Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?
The psalm, on the other hand, concludes in victory, accepting God as king.
Some people mistook Jesus’ words for a summons to the prophet Elijah, believing he was calling for the latter.
There was a widespread idea that Elijah would appear and assist someone who was in need. When Jesus died, according to Matthew, a variety of unusual occurrences occurred, some of which may have been symbolic in nature:
- “The curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom”– The curtain of the temple hung between theHoly Place and theHoly of Holies, which the Jews thought were the places where God resided, according to tradition. Only the high priest, once a year on the Day of Atonement, had the authority to enter God’s presence from behind the curtain of the temple. On this day, the sins of the entire nation were forgiven, allowing them to begin the new year with a clean slate. The tearing down of the curtain signifies that God is no longer to be conceived of as residing behind a curtain in the Jewish temple, accessible only via the high priest, as he was in the past. Because of Jesus’ death, forgiveness of sins is now available to anybody who believes in him. Ordinary men and women now have the ability to directly reach God
- It is recorded in Matthew that there was also an earthquake during the Resurrection
- “the bodies of many holy people who had died were resurrected to life”– This demonstrates God’s mighty power at work in the universe
- “the bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life”– Jesus’ death will not be the end of the story since God has the ability to conquer death and will resurrect Jesus from the dead. In addition, all those who place their faith in Jesus are assured of an eternal life.
These occurrences have a profound impact on the soldier who is stationed at the foot of the cross. “Surely, he was the Son of God!” he exclaims, despite the fact that he has undoubtedly watched several crucifixions. It is widely believed by Christians that Jesus’ death on the cross was not an ordinary death. It can be equated to the act of self-sacrificing. Jesus was crucified on the cross for all of the wrongs that sinful mankind has committed in order for them to be forgiven by the Almighty.
- Because no one else was willing or able to pay the price for the sin of the entire world, Jesus came to redeem humans from the consequences of sin
- To restore humanity to a proper relationship with God
- And to bring the entire world back into alignment with God.
Proceed to the next step, Testing.