Matthew 27:52 The tombs broke open, and the bodies of many saints who had fallen asleep were raised.
(52) A large number of saints’ corpses that had been sleeping awoke.- Indeed, it is not strange that a tale that is so extraordinary in its wonder and that stands alone in the New Testament, without any other supporting evidence, should have faced many minds with obstacles that appeared practically insurmountable at the time.Their responses have ranged from dismissing it as a mythical addition to explaining it as simply indicating that the bodies of the dead were exposed to view as a result of the earthquake mentioned in the preceding verse, or they have seen it as an honest report of an over-excited imagination in places where they shied away from that extreme conclusion.On the other hand, the statement’s brevity and, in some ways, simplicity distinguishes it significantly from similar legends, more or less analogous in character, as we find, for example, in the Apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus, and thus excludes the mythical element, which, as a rule, delights in revealing itself in luxuriant expansion.
- And, once that is ruled out, it is difficult to imagine the Evangelist writing without having obtained his information from witnesses whom he considered trustworthy; and, once that is ruled out, the question arises as to whether the narrative is of such a character as to be unbelievable in and of itself.
- In that regard, men will naturally differ according to the perspective from which they examine the Gospel records; however, those who believe that when our Lord passed into Hades, the unseen world, it was to complete what had been begun on earth, to proclaim there His victory over death and sin, will hardly consider it impossible that there should have been outward tokens and witnesses of such a work.
- And the fact that St.
Matthew reports provides, it is considered, the most plausible explanation for the language that we encounter in the Epistle, which even the most critical critics acknowledge to have come from the hands of St.Peter, which is hardly less astonishing.When we consider that his Lord, when ″put to death in the flesh,″ was ″quickened in the spirit,″ and had ″preached to the spirits in prison″ (1Peter 3:19), we can understand how deeply it would have impressed on his mind the fact that his Lord, when ″put to death in the flesh,″ had been ″quickened in the spirit,″ and had ″preached to the spirits in prison,″ we can understand how deeply it would have impressed on his mind the fact that his Lord (1Peter 4:6).We are not informed who the individuals were that appeared in this manner.The majority of commentators have followed the example of the Apocryphal Gospel just mentioned, and have associated them with the Patriarchs and Prophets of the Old Testament, which I feel has been done somewhat unsatisfactorily.
- While it is clear that St.
- Matthew’s statement implies that they were those who came out of the opened graves, that is, those who had been buried, that is, in the sepulchres of Jerusalem; and, keeping in mind that the term ″saints″ was applied almost from the very beginning to the collective body of disciples (Acts 9:13; Acts 9:32; Acts 9:41), it seems more natural to see in them those who, believing in Jesus, had passed to Their appearance corresponded to the feeling that would inevitably arise among those who were looking for an immediate manifestation of the kingdom-as it did later at Thessalonica (1Thessalonians 4:13)-that those who had died in this manner were barred from participation in that kingdom; and we have thus an adequate reason for their appearance, so that friends and relatives would not mourn for them as they would for others who had no hope.
- The assertion that they did not manifest until after the resurrection of our Lord is crucial from this perspective.
- The disciples were therefore instructed to regard the resurrection not as an isolated event, but rather as the ″firstfruits″ of the victory over death (1Corinthians 15:20), in which not only they themselves, but also those whom they had loved and lost were to be participants….
Verse 52.- ″I am the Lord’s servant.″ The graves (the sepulchres) were opened for the first time.When the earthquake struck, it tore away the stones that had been used to block the mouths of several of the nearby graves.This, as well as the following information, are only mentioned by St.Matthew himself.
A large number of saints’ bodies that had been sleeping (v, who had fallen asleep) emerged from their graves.This prophecy foreshadows the time of the real occurrence of the miracle, which occurred not at this time, but after the resurrection of our Lord, who was ″the firstfruits of those who slept″ (see the next verse).It’s unclear who is being referred to as ″the saints″ in this context.The Jews would have most likely interpreted the phrase to refer to the heroes of the Old Testament as a reference to themselves (comp.2 Peter 3:4).However, the unveiling of the sepulchres in the vicinity of Jerusalem would not have resulted in the liberation of the corpses of many of those who were buried in remote locations.
- The individuals represented must have been those who, during their lives, had searched for and found in Christ the fulfillment of their hope; they were people like Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathaea, sincere believers who are referred to as saints in the New Testament.
- What caused these apparitions to appear?
- or how did they come to be raised?
- For one thing, they were not just phantoms or insubstantial visitors from the spirit realm; they were, in a sense, physical entities.
- There can be no doubt that they were not resurrected corpses, in the manner of Lazarus and the daughters of Jairus and the son of the widow, who briefly experienced second life, as implied by the expression ″they appeared unto many,″ i.e., to people who had known them while they were alive, in the following verse.
- Some have speculated that they were a foreshadowing of the general resurrection, that having been liberated from Hades and rejoined to their bodies, they died no more and, at Christ’s ascension, followed him into heaven.
Nothing in the Bible mentions any of this, and we have no reason to believe that any human body, other than that of our Lord Jesus Christ (and, according to medieval tales, that of the Virgin Mary), has yet ascended the highest heaven (see Hebrews 11:39, 40).Others believe that these were not literally resurrections, but rather corporeal manifestations of holy people, such as Moses and Elias at the Transfiguration; nonetheless, it is a stretch of the imagination to interpret such visitations as bodies emerging from open sepulchres in the Gospel of Matthew.Attempting to avoid the problem, Farrar makes a conjecture that is as unsubstantiated as it is dishonoring to the evangelist’s plain and straightforward honesty.He explains himself as follows: ″A powerful earthquake shook the earth and split the rocks, and as it rolled away from their places the great stones that closed and covered the cavern sepulchres of the Jews, it appeared to many that the spirits of the dead had been released and that the air was filled with ghostly visitors who, after Christ had risen, appeared to linger in the holy city.The earthquake was felt throughout the world.The only way, he continues, ″that I can explain for Matthew’s peculiar and completely isolated allusion is in this manner.″″ Because a truth is mentioned by only one evangelist, it does not qualify as amazing on this basis alone.
- Matthew was very certainly an eyewitness to the events that he recounts, and if he had written something that was not accurate, he would have been challenged by his contemporaries.
- In Igmatius’ ‘Epistle to the Magnesians,’ chapter 9, we find a reference to Christ appearing on earth and reviving the prophets from the dead, which is considered to be an early testimony to the event.
- The entire situation is complex and beyond our comprehension; nonetheless, we have reason to assume that at this time of tremendous stress, the Lord, who is the Resurrection and the Life, desired to demonstrate his triumph over death.
- and to make public the resurrection of the flesh, which he accomplished by freeing certain holy souls from Hades, dressing them in the bodies in which they had previously lived, and allowing them to exhibit themselves in this manner to those who knew and loved them.
- We have no knowledge of the future lives of these resurrected saints, and we will not presumptuously seek to ask them about it.
- We are no longer able to follow them once they have proved that death no longer has sting, that the authority of the grave has been shattered, that men will rise again with their bodies and be known and acknowledged, since they have passed out of sight into the unseen realm.
- Commentaries that run in parallel.
- Greek The (ta)Article – Nominative Neuter PluralStrong’s 3588: Nominative Neuter Plural The article is capitalized like the definite article.
- This includes all of the inflections of the feminine he as well as the neuter to; the definite article; and the.
- tombs (mnmeia) is a Greek word that means tomb.
Noun – Nominative Neuter PluralStrong’s 3419: Noun – Nominative Neuter Plural A tombstone, a sepulcher, or a monument A memorial, such as a cenotaph, is derived from the Greek word mneme.the door was opened, (anechthsan) and The Aorist Indicative Form of the Verb Passive – 3rd Person Pronoun PluralStrong’s 455 is as follows: To make a start.From Ana and Oigo, a willingness to be vulnerable.
- and as well as (kai) ConjunctionStrong’s 2532 includes the words and, more more importantly, specifically.
- smata (bodies) is a Greek word that means ″body.″ a noun in the Nominative Neuter PluralStrong’s 4983:Body and flesh; the Church’s body.
- From the word sozo, which means ″body,″ and is employed in a broad variety of contexts, both literally and symbolically.
- a number of people (polla) Adjective – Nominative Neuter PluralStrong’s 4183: a great deal, a great deal of; often.
Saints (hagin) are those who have achieved sainthood.Adjective – Genitive Masculine Adjective – Genitive Masculine Sacred, holy, and set apart by (or for) God are all words found in PluralStrong’s 40.From the Greek word hagos, which means ″holy.″ who had fallen asleep on the chair kekoimmenn (pronounced kekoimmenn) is a Finnish word that means ″cocoimmenn″ (cocoimmenn).
Perfect Participle Middle or Passive Forms of the Verb – Masculine Genitive Form According to PluralStrong’s 2837: ″From the Japanese keimai″ means ″to put to sleep,″ which means ″to sleep″; ″to die″ means ″to die.″ were enlisted to help gerthsan (gerthsan) is a German word that means ″gerthsan″ (gerthsan).Aorist Indicative Passive Aorist Indicative Passive – 3rd Person Pronoun PluralStrong’s 1453 is as follows: (a) I awaken, stir, and (b) I lift my head.It is most likely related to the root of agora; to awaken, i.e.Rouse.Return to the previous page Asleep Awoke Bodies Broke Dead Death Died Fallen God’s Graves Holy Life Open Opened Raised Resting-Places Saints Sleeping Slept Tombs Asleep Awoke Bodies Broke Dead Death Died Fallen God’s Graves Continue to Next Page Those who are asleep are awoken; those who are dead are broken; those who have died are fallen.
- God’s Graves Holy Life Opened Raised Resting-Places Saints Sleeping Slept Tombs God’s Graves Holy Life Opened Links Matthew 27:52 New International Version Matthew 27:52 New International Version Matthew 27:52 (New International Version) Matthew 27:52 New American Standard Bible Matthew 27:52 King James Version Matthew 27:52 (KJV) BibleApps.com Matthew 27:52 Biblia Paralela (Parallel Bible) Chinese translation of Matthew 27:52 French translation of Matthew 27:52.
- Matthew 27:52, according to the Catholic Bible Matthew 27:52 (New Testament Gospels) The graves were uncovered, and several bodies were discovered (Matt.
- Mat Mt)
What happened to those saints raised from the dead in Matthew 27:52-53?
Shawn Brasseaux contributed to this article.How did these individuals fare after Christ was taken up into the clouds, when their tombs were opened and the dead saints came forth and walked among the inhabitants of Jerusalem?″ What happened to them, and were they made of flesh and bone or flesh and blood?Is it possible that they were made of flesh and bone, and that they might then die again later on if this is true?
- ″Do you have any answers to this?″ For me, as well as you, the paragraph to which you are referring is a bit puzzling; I’ve been thinking about it for a while now.
- The following Bible scriptures may provide some light on this section, however I am not confident that we will ever have all of the answers in this life.
- However, our conclusion should make it quite obvious that this is a complicated research.
We will begin by presenting the chapter to anyone who are unfamiliar with the subject matter.The following passage is found in Matthew chapter 27: ″Jesus, when he had cried out again with a loud voice, gave up the ghost.″ As a result of this, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; the earth trembled, and the rocks were torn; and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had slept arose, and came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, where they appeared to many.″ First and foremost, it is critical to remember not to misinterpret these verses, as some have done.These saints who have been resurrected from the dead were not raised from the dead at the time of Jesus’ death.Then, three days later, they were resurrected to life again as a result of Jesus Christ’s resurrection.After Jesus’ death, an earthquake unsealed these tombs, but it took three days before the individuals who had been buried there emerged from their graves once again.
- In contrast to the many other people in Bible history who had been raised from the dead (such as the poor widow’s son—1 Kings 17:17-23; the man whose corpse revived after it was thrown on top of Elisha’s bones—2 Kings 13:21; the son of the widow of Nain—Luke 7:11-18; Lazarus—John 11:1-46; and so on), Jesus Christ was the first to be resurrected, raised from the dead and Christ was the first man to be raised from the dead in history, and he would never die again.
- In 1 Corinthians 15:20-23, Paul talked of our own resurrection at the ″Rapture,″ which he called the ″Rapture.″ Christ, on the other hand, has risen from the grave, becoming the firstfruits of those who have slept.
- For, just as death was brought about by man, so too was the resurrection of the dead brought about by man.
- In the same way that everyone dies in Adam, everyone will be brought alive in Christ.
Then there are those who are Christ’s at his coming: Christ the firstfruits, followed by those who are Christ’s at his coming.″ According to agricultural terminology, the ″firstfruits″ refers to the little portion of a crop that ripens first, before the remainder of the crop has reached maturity.When it comes to resurrection, Jesus Christ is the first and only Person who has ever lived.To our knowledge, the poor widow’s son of 1 Kings chapter 17, the man who was raised from the dead again in Elisha’s tomb in 2 Kings chapter 13, the son of the widow of Nain of Luke chapter 7, and Lazarus of John chapter 11 were all resurrected from the grave only to die again.They were not brought back to life.They did not go to heaven in any resurrected body, according to the Bible, which we do not have evidence of.
Their descendants as millennia-old elderly citizens are very definitely no longer alive on Earth today!The only reasonable conclusion that I can come up with is that these folks died a second and last time.Now that we’ve covered that ground, let’s get back to your question.What about those who were risen from the dead in Matthew chapter 27?Considering the identical incidents that occurred previously in Bible history, I have a strong suspicion that those saints died a second time as well.While some think (as I used to believe) that the saints of Matthew chapter 27 went into heaven at the same time as Jesus did in Acts chapter 1, I have since reexamined my view on the matter and now believe there is no scriptural evidence to support this claim.
- When it comes to what was observed at the ascension, we shall defer to Luke’s account: We read the following in Mark 16:19: ″The Lord then appeared to them after he had spoken to them, and he was taken up into heaven, where he sat at the right side of God.″ In addition, Luke 24:50-51: When they reached Bethany, he blessed them by raising his hands in the air.
- Then, as he was blessing them, he was taken away from them and brought up into heaven.
- ″And after he had spoken these words, while they were watching, he was carried up, and they saw a cloud receive him, and they were no longer able to see him.″ During this time, as they continued to stare upward as he ascended, two men in white clothing appeared beside them, and they said, ″Ye men of Galilee, why are you gazing upward into heaven?″ ″This same Jesus, who is carried up from you into heaven, shall return in the like way in which ye have seen him ascend into heaven,″ says the Bible.
- Keeping in mind what was mentioned in Matthew 27.52-53, ″many bodies of the saints who had been sleeping awoke, and came out of the tombs after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.″ These were not just one or two individuals, but ″a large number″ of Christians who were raised from the grave immediately following the resurrection of Jesus.
- Because the Bible claims that many people saw them, it is clear that they had physical bodies that could be seen.
- However, as the apostles and disciples looked up to see Jesus ascend into heaven, they observed ″He was taken up…
a cloud received Him out of their sight…Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven,″ according to the Bible.Those saints who were raised again had bodies that could be seen, but the apostles did not see their ascension with Jesus since they were not present.They simply witnessed Jesus ascending into heaven.The fact that those resurrected again in Matthew chapter 27 did not go up into heaven with Jesus, but rather remained to live on Earth for a period of time after before dying again, would be compelling evidence to me that they did not go up into heaven with Jesus.The same might be said for Lazarus; he was not present at the ascension, thus it is assumed that he had lived and then died again before the resurrection.
- 1 Timothy 6:16 is a passage that helped me make sense of everything in my head: He is the only one who has immortality, who dwells in the light that no man can approach; he is the only one who has seen and can see; to him be honor and power forever and ever.
- Amen.″ According to this scripture, just one person currently has bodily ″immortality.″ Jesus Christ departed Earth in a bodily body, and He is still in that physical form today in the presence of God the Father in Heaven.
- ″Immortal″ refers to someone who ″lives eternally; never dies or decays.″ Consider the implications of this.
- It is possible that those who were raised anew in Matthew chapter 27 were also swept up into heaven in resurrected bodies in Acts chapter 1 with Jesus, making them ″immortal.″ They would have corporeal bodies, much like Jesus, and would never die again.
- What, though, does Paul have to say?
- Only Jesus Christ possesses ″immortality,″ and only He possesses a body that will never perish or be destroyed again.
- Is it possible that the saints of Matthew chapter 27 are alive and well in resurrected bodies in heaven right now?
- The most likely explanation is that they died again after their resurrection and are now waiting for their resurrected bodies, just as all the other saints of old have been waiting for theirs.
- This is why I believe that the saints of Matthew chapter 27 had ″flesh and blood″ bodies, because there is strong Scriptural evidence that they died again—″flesh and bone″ bodies are those that can enter God’s resurrection realm and His kingdom—and because ″flesh and blood″ bodies are those that can enter God’s resurrection realm and His kingdom (cf.
- Luke 24:39; 1 Corinthians 15:50).
They appear to be waiting for the resurrection bodies to be made of flesh and bone, just as we are (never to die again).WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT HEBREWS 9:27?Some may argue that having the saints of Matthew chapter 27 live, die, be raised again, and then live and die again (i.e., being resurrected beyond our time) is a contradiction of Hebrews 9:27: ″For the saints of Matthew chapter 27 live, die, and be raised again.″ According to the Scriptures, ″And since it is allotted unto mankind once to die, but after this comes the judgment:″ This passage, on the other hand, is not absolute.
- God has made some exceptions to this norm throughout Bible history (but note that these exceptions involved believers only).
- It was never lost people who died and went to suffer in hell before being removed and given a second chance for salvation into heaven; rather, the exceptions to the rule of Hebrews 9:27 were always believers who were given a second chance for salvation into heaven.
- Example: Enoch died physically but was taken up into heaven by faith (Genesis 5:24; see also Hebrews 11:5, which states, ″By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death…″).
- The Bible appears to imply that Enoch will never die physically in the traditional sense.
Enoch would not be subject to the one death described in Hebrews 9:27.According to 2 Kings 2:11, the Prophet Elijah did not die physically, but was taken up into heaven instead.At the end of chapter 34, Moses died, and God Himself buried him at the end of chapter six.
Moses and Elijah appear to be God’s ″two witnesses″ before the Antichrist in the book of Revelation (chapter 11), which takes place in the future from our time.Their actions suggest that they are God’s ″two witnesses″ before the Antichrist.(I would say this based on Moses and Elijah being at the Mount of Transfiguration with Jesus, Matthew chapter 17:1-9, and because Malachi 4:5 says that Elijah will appear before Jesus Christ’s Second Coming to end those seven years of the Antichrist’s reign.) Verses 7-13 of Revelation chapter 11 say that the Antichrist will overcome and kill these two witnesses, and then God will raise them up and call them into heaven.If they are indeed Moses and Elijah, by that time, Moses will have died twice and been raised twice, and Elijah will have died once and been raised once!As an additional side-note, those Christians alive at the time of the Rapture (Jesus’ coming for His Body) will be instantly transformed and caught up into heaven, having never experienced physical death (1 Thessalonians 4:17)—the one death of Hebrews 9:27 would not apply to those Christians either.
- CONCLUSION Exactly what happened to the saints who were raised again just after Jesus’ resurrection, the Bible does not say in the context.
- From studying other verses, I would say that they eventually died again, and that they are still waiting a permanent resurrection (to one day receive resurrected bodies that will never die again) (to one day receive resurrected bodies that will never die again).
- Nothing in the Bible indicates that they ascended into heaven in those bodies that had been raised from the dead.
- That would make me conclude they were “flesh and blood” bodies.
- No one but Jesus Christ today has a body of “flesh and bone,” an immortal body, one that will never die again.
- All the Scriptural record indicates conclusively is that these saints in Matthew chapter 27, after being raised from the dead, went into Jerusalem and appeared to people who could identify them.
- These saints raised from the dead were additional proof that Jesus’ resurrection was not merely a swooning, a fainting-spell, a coincidence, et cetera.
Their testimony proved that it was the work of God.It was not just one raising from the dead that the unbelieving Jews could discount; it was many demonstrable, irrefutable instances of people rising from the dead!While Matthew 27:52-53 is still a puzzling passage, at this time, as far as we can explain it using other Scriptures, those saints died again and are awaiting a permanent resurrection.Also see: » When will the Old Testament saints be resurrected?» Are deceased Christians with the Lord yet?» Who is the “great cloud of witnesses” of Hebrews 12:1?
People Coming out of Their Graves after Jesus’ Death
- Shawn Brasseaux contributed to this article.
- How did these people fare after Christ was taken up into the clouds, after their graves were opened and their dead saints came forth and walked among the people of Jerusalem?″ What happened to them, and were they made of flesh and bone or flesh and flesh?
- In that case, how could they possibly be able to die again later on if they were made of flesh and bone?
- Any ideas on what to do?″ For me, as well as you, the passage to which you are referring is a bit mysterious; I’ve been thinking about it for a long time.
- The following Bible verses may shed some light on this passage, though I am not certain that we will ever have all of the answers in this life.
- However, our conclusion should make it crystal clear that it is a complicated study.
The text will be introduced first, for the benefit of those who are new with the issue.″Jesus, when he had cried out with a loud voice once more, surrendered up the ghost,″ we read in Matthew chapter 27: ″ As a result of this, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; the earth trembled, and the rocks were torn; and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had slept arose, and came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, where they appeared to many.The first thing to keep in mind is that these verses have been misinterpreted in the past.They were not resurrected from the dead when Jesus Christ died; rather, they were raised from the dead when he rose from the grave.Then, three days later, they were resurrected to life again as a result of Jesus’ resurrection.After Jesus’ death, an earthquake unsealed these graves, but it took three days before the individuals who had been buried there emerged from their tombs.
Despite the fact that others in Bible history had been raised from the dead (such as the poor widow’s son—1 Kings 17:17-23; the man whose corpse revived after it was thrown on top of Elisha’s bones—2 Kings 13:21; the son of the widow of Nain—Luke 7:11-18; Lazarus—John 11:1-46; and so on), Jesus Christ was the first to be resurrected, raised from the dead and never to As the first man to be raised from the dead in history, Christ will be the last man to die on the earth.″The Rapture,″ as Paul described it in 1 Corinthians 15:20-23, is when we will be raised to life again.Christ, on the other hand, has risen from the dead and is the firstfruits of those who have slept.Because death was brought about by man, it was also brought about by man that the dead would be raised from their graves again.
- In the same way that everyone dies in Adam, everyone will be raised to life in Christ.
- Then there are those who are Christ’s at his coming: Christ the firstfruits, then those who are Christ’s at his second coming.″ The ″firstfruits″ of a crop are the little portion of the harvest that ripens first, before the rest of the crop has reached maturity.
- The first person ever to experience the resurrection was Jesus Christ.
- According to what we know, the poor widow’s son in 1 Kings chapter 17, the man who was raised again in Elisha’s tomb in 2 Kings chapter 13, the son of the widow of Nain in Luke chapter 7, and Lazarus in John chapter 11 were all resurrected from the grave only to die again.
- No, they did not come back to life.
- They did not go to heaven in any resurrected body, according to what we know from the Bible.
- There are no longer any millennia-old senior folks living on the surface of the planet today!
- As far as I can see, the only reasonable conclusion to draw from this situation is that these individuals perished once again.
- Now that we’ve covered that ground, let’s get back to your original query.
- What about the people who were resurrected from the dead in Matthew chapter 27?
- What about those who were raised from the dead again?
In light of comparable incidents that occurred in Bible history in the past, I have a strong suspicion that those saints died a second time as well.I used to think that the saints of Matthew chapter 27 climbed into heaven at the same time as Jesus did in Acts chapter 1, but I have since reexamined my view on the matter and no longer believe there is any scriptural evidence to support this claim.As for what was observed during the ascension, we’ll defer to Luke’s account: Mark 16:19 tells us what to do.″The Lord then appeared to them after he had spoken to them, and he was taken up into heaven, and he sat at the right side of God.″ Luke 24:50-51 is another example.″ And he brought them all the way out to Bethany, where he blessed them with his hands.And it came to happen that, while he was blessing them, he was separated from them and lifted into heaven.″ ″And after he had spoken these words, while they were watching, he was carried up, and they saw a cloud receive him, and he was no longer visible to them.″ During this time, as they continued to stare upward as he ascended, two men in white clothing appeared beside them, and they said, ″Ye men of Galilee, why are you looking up into heaven?″ As you have saw him ascend into heaven, the same Jesus who has been taken up from you will come in the same manner in which you have witnessed him go into heaven.″ Keeping in mind what was written in Matthew 27.52-53, ″many bodies of the saints who had been sleeping arose, and came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.″ There were ″many″ believers who were raised from the dead immediately following Jesus’ resurrection, not just one or two.
Because the Bible claims that many people saw them, it is clear that they had physical bodies that could be observed.The apostles and disciples, on the other hand, observed ″He was taken up…a cloud received Him out of their sight…Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven″ as Jesus rose into heaven.They had visible bodies when they were raised again, but the apostles did not see their ascension with Jesus because they were blinded by the light of the cross.
- It was only after Jesus entered the presence of the Father that they realized what they had witnessed.
- The fact that those resurrected again in Matthew chapter 27 did not go up into heaven with Jesus, but rather remained to live on Earth for a period of time after before dying again, would be convincing proof for me that they did not go up into heaven with Jesus.
- The same might be said about Lazarus, who was not present at the ascension, leading some to believe that he had lived once before dying again.
- In 1 Timothy 6:16, there is a scripture that helped me make sense of it all in my head.
- He is the only one who has immortality, who dwells in the light that no one can approach; he is the only one who has seen and can see; to him be honor and power forever and ever.
Only one person possesses bodily ″immortality″ in the modern world, according to the scripture above.Jesus Christ departed Earth in a bodily body, and He is still in that physical form today in the presence of God the Father in heaven.Death and decay are not part of the definition of ″immortal.″ Take a moment to consider this: If individuals who were raised again in Matthew chapter 27 were swept up into heaven in resurrected bodies like Jesus was in Acts chapter 1, they would be considered ″immortal.″ These people would be physically alive for the rest of their lives, just as Jesus was.
What, though, does Paul have to say about the situation.Only Jesus Christ possesses ″immortality,″ and only He possesses a body that will never perish or be destroyed.Is it possible that the saints of Matthew chapter 27 are alive and well in resurrected bodies today in heaven?No.Most likely, they died again after their resurrection and are now waiting for their resurrected bodies, just as all the other saints of old have been waiting for their resurrected bodies.
- This is why I believe that the saints of Matthew chapter 27 had ″flesh and blood″ bodies, because there is strong Scriptural evidence that they died again—″flesh and bone″ bodies are those that can enter God’s resurrection realm and His kingdom—and because ″flesh and blood″ bodies are those that can enter God’s resurrection realm and His kingdom (cf.
- Luke 24:39; 1 Corinthians 15:50).
- Their flesh-and-bone bodies of the resurrection, it appears, are still awaited by them and us (never to die again).
- What about the verse 9:27 in the Bible?
- The saints of Matthew chapter 27 to live, die, and be raised again (thus to be resurrected beyond our time), according to some, would be a contradiction of Hebrews 9:27: ″The saints of Matthew chapter 27 will live, die, and be raised again…″ According to the Scriptures, ″And since it is allotted unto mankind once to die, but after that comes judgment:″ But this passage does not state that anything must be done in a particular way.
- God has made certain exceptions to this norm over the course of Bible history, though (but note that these exceptions involved believers only).
- However, it was never lost individuals who died and went to suffer in hell before being removed and given a second opportunity for salvation into heaven; rather, the exceptions to the norm of Hebrews 9:27 were always believers who were given a second chance for salvation into heaven.
- Example: Enoch died physically but was taken up into heaven by faith (Genesis 5:24; see also Hebrews 11:5, which reads, ″By faith Enoch was translated so he should not see death…″).
- The Bible appears to imply that Enoch would never die physically in the traditional sense of the word.
- Hebrews 9:27 states that Enoch died just once, and that this is the only death that applies.
- According to 2 Kings 2:11, the Prophet Elijah did not die physically, but was taken up into heaven.
- At the end of chapter 34, Moses died, and God Himself buried him in verse 6.
- Moses and Elijah seem to be God’s ″two witnesses″ before the Antichrist in the book of Revelation (chapter 11), which takes place in the future from our time.
- Their acts suggest that they are God’s ″two witnesses.″ (I believe this is based on the fact that Moses and Elijah were there with Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration in Matthew chapter 17:1-9, as well as the fact that Malachi 4:5 states that Elijah will arrive before Jesus Christ’s Second Coming to put a stop to the Antichrist’s seven-year rule.) Verse 7 through 13 of Revelation chapter 11 state that the Antichrist will defeat and murder these two witnesses, and that God will then raise them up and call them into the presence of the Almighty.
- It is possible that they are Moses and Elijah; if so, Moses will have died twice and been resurrected twice by that time, while Elijah will have died and been raised just once!
- An additional point to mention is that believers still living during the Rapture (Jesus’ return for His Body) will be instantly transformed and caught up into heaven, having never experienced physical death (1 Thessalonians 4:17)—the one death described in Hebrews 9:27 would not apply to those believers either.
- CONCLUSION The Bible does not specify what happened to the saints who were raised from the dead shortly after Jesus’ resurrection, but the context suggests that they were resurrected.
- Based on my research into other scriptures, I believe that they eventually died again, and that they are still waiting for a definitive resurrection to take place (to one day receive resurrected bodies that will never die again).
- Nothing in the Bible suggests that they ascended into heaven in the bodies that had been risen from the dead, as some have speculated.
- Because of this, I would assume that they were ″flesh and blood″ bodies.
No one else on the planet today possesses a physical body made of ″flesh and bone,″ let alone an everlasting body that will never die again.Only this: after being raised from the grave, these saints in Matthew chapter 27 walked into Jerusalem and appeared to those who were able to recognize them, according to the evidence in the Scriptures.These saints who had been resurrected from the dead provided more evidence that Jesus’ resurrection was more than a swoon, a fainting spell, a coincidence, and so on and so forth.Their testimony demonstrated that it was the result of God’s handiwork.
That the unbelieving Jews could dismiss was not just one incident of someone coming from the dead; it was a number of verifiable and incontrovertible examples of persons rising from the dead.While Matthew 27:52-53 is a perplexing verse, we may deduce from other Scriptures that those saints have died a second time and are expecting a permanent resurrection at this time.Check out these related articles: » When will the Old Testament saints be resurrected?» Are dead Christians with the Lord yet?» Hebrews 12:1 refers to a ″great cloud of witnesses.″ Who is this ″great cloud of witnesses?″
The Miracle of the Opened Graves
- The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames.
- 27:51–52 (KJV) The miracle of the noon darkness is the first of six miracles that took place during Jesus’ crucifixion and death (Matthew 27:45).
- In this way, the divine procession of signs that preceded the death of Jesus Christ is proclaimed as having begun.
- Next followed the mysterious shredding of the temple curtain from top to bottom, which lasted for several minutes.
- The earthquake and breaking of the rocks (v.
51) were the third and fourth miracles, respectively, while the opening of the tombs in the vicinity was the fourth miracle (v.52).The state of the empty tomb was the sixth miraculous sign, and the last miracle was the resurrection of many saints who had died (v.53).These were the six miracles of Calvary, each of which had a direct connection to the death of Jesus Christ on the cross.Some of these miracles took place in the sky, while others took place underneath the surface of the earth.
Despite the fact that they all formed a distinct class of miracles, each of these signs contributed to the wonder of Christ’s eternal work of salvation.Throughout history, miracle after miracle has revealed the significance and purpose of our Savior’s agony in a unique and personal way.All six of them are gathered around Christ at His dying, protecting with great care the truth of our rescue.The opening of the graves, the fourth of the Calvary miracles, will be discussed in this section.
- The graveyard that has been disturbed holds a special position among the miraculous.
- It is the culmination of all of the past miracles, while also foreshadowing the miracles that would come after them.
- Let’s take a look at the realities that the gospel tells us about.
- “ When Jesus screamed out in a loud voice for the third time, he surrendered his spirit.″ In that instant, the temple’s curtain was ripped in half from top to bottom.
- The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames.
- It is said in Matthew 27:50–52 that ″the bodies of many saintly individuals who had died were brought to life.″ The earthquake plainly demonstrated that the tombs were opened as a result of the disaster, as can be seen in the photographs.
- As a result, we may deduce that the majority of the burials were placed in or around Calvary.
- The earthquake would have been at its most powerful near its epicenter, which was the scene of Jesus’ shocking death, therefore it would have been the most devastating.
- Due to the fact that Jesus was laid in Joseph’s tomb nearby (John 19:41–42), it is almost clear that a cemetery existed near Calvary.
- It is critical to note the location where these resurrections took place.
- Because if this miracle was to serve as a demonstration of the power of Christ’s death, it would be necessary for the tombs to be located in close proximity to the cross.
Another clue that these tombs were close to Jerusalem is provided by the fact that when the saints were resurrected, they went straight to the city of Jerusalem (Matthew 27:53).It may also be reliably inferred that these specific burials were rocky tombs, holes carved into the rock, the entrances to which were blocked by enormous stones rolled in front of them, as was the case with the other graves.This may be inferred from the evident relationship between the two phrases ″the rocks split″ and ″the tombs broke open,″ which are both in the same sentence.Why are these two occurrences separated since it appears that the opening of the tombs is so closely associated with the breaking of the rocks?The reason for this is because there is a big difference between the two of them.The cracking of the rocks revealed the presence of force, whilst the uncovering of the tombs revealed the presence of design.
The fracturing of the rocks did not, in and of itself, portend anything bad about the future.The opening of the tombs, on the other hand, was like the first blossoming of the impending resurrection splendour that was to come.The earthquake, as an event, was more than just a means to open the tombs; it was also a miracle in and of itself, having its own unique significance.Similar to this, the opening of the tombs was not merely a natural consequence of the earthquake, but rather an event with its own distinct significance and meaning.Similarly to how the earthquake was an instantaneous outcome of Christ’s scream of victory from the cross, this explosion occurred as a result of the earthquake.
- And, like the earthquake, it occurred as a result of the yell.
- The graves were uncovered at the moment of Christ’s death.
- The moment of Jesus’ death, which happens right before the earthquake, is described in detail in all four gospels.
- It is recorded in three gospels that Jesus yelled out loudly (Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37; Luke 23:46), and the gospel of John records that Jesus stated, ″It is completed,″ at that point.
- Christ had completed His mission to bring us back into right relationship with God.
What is the meaning of Matthew 27:52-53 when the graves opened after the death of Jesus?
- The first question that comes to mind when viewing this scene is: Why did God send an earthquake?
- When describing social upheaval in the Scriptures, an earthquake is used as an example.
- Taking the example of Joel 3:16, this verse describes a time when God will fight for Israel in Armageddon against the nations who oppose her.
- Causing an earthquake at the time of Jesus’ death, in accordance with this symbolism, suggests that a period of great social upheaval was on the horizon.
- This was a foreshadowing of the events that would transpire in the future for the nation that had rejected and crucified the Messiah.
- The destruction of the temple and the city of Jerusalem by the Romans in AD 70, according to history, resulted in the loss of Israel’s national identity.
Following the death of His son, God used an earthquake to send a message to the people of Israel.An additional occurrence that occurred as a result of the earthquake was the opening up of graves.″…the earth trembled, and the rocks were rent; and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had slept arose and came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many,″ according to the passage.Matthew 27:51-53 (NASB) As the previous answer indicates, the significance of this passage has been called into question.However, upon closer inspection, the answer appears to be self-evident.The Greek word ″egeiro″ is used to describe how these individuals ″arose″ from their positions (Strong’s1453).
In this context, its use is consistent with the three miracles Jesus performed when he raised the dead, even though it can be used to wake from natural sleep as well.When Lazarus was roused (John 12:9), when the widow’s son was roused (Luke 7:14), when Jairus’ daughter was roused (Luke 7:15), it was the same word that was used for the awakening of Lazarus (Luke 8:54).Lazarus is referred to as ″he whom he had raised (egeiro) from the dead″ in the Gospel of John.He addressed the widow’s son with the words ″I say unto thee arise (egeiro).″ Then he addressed Jairus’ daughter, saying ″maid arise (egeiro).″ In the traditional sense of the word, these were not resurrections in the traditional sense.
- They are commonly referred to as resuscitations because the individuals eventually succumbed to their injuries.
- These also stand in stark contrast to the resurrection of Jesus, who was rewarded with immortality and would never die a second time after his death.
- The awakenings that Jesus performed, as well as those that were described after his death, were intended to demonstrate the authenticity of Jesus’ claims about himself.
- The sequence of events in this passage aids in clarifying the meaning of the passage.
- There are two specific events that are described:
- A natural disaster such as an earthquake causing tombs to open, and b) the rising of saints following Jesus’ resurrection The three-day period between these occurrences is divided into three sections. The earthquake occurred at the time of Jesus’ death. The saints were resurrected three days after his death, at the time of his resurrection.
- This was done to provide as a last testament to the fact that the resurrection of Jesus will bring life to the entire earth.
- However, here was a man whose death rocked the world and whose resurrection brought out new life (See Matthew 13:22; 1 John 4:1).
- It is important to note the order.
- As firsthand witnesses to Jesus’ own resurrection, it would appear plausible that these persons would be recognized by the residents of Jerusalem and that they would be acknowledged as having been dead.
- Take, for example, how the Chief Priests and Pharisees insisted that Pilate place guards at the tomb of Jesus in order to prevent the disciples from stealing his corpse and claiming that he had been risen from the dead.
- When Jews living in Jerusalem learned that Jesus’ body was no longer in the tomb, but were informed by their religious authorities that his disciples had stolen it, they would dismiss his Messianic promises, believing him to be simply another ″false prophet,″ according to the New Testament.
All of the accusations that Jesus was a criminal deserving of death were proven false if the people of Jerusalem visited and spoke with those whose funerals they had attended and who had likely been dead for some time.It was unmistakable proof that Jesus was the promised Messiah of Israel.Listen to the podcast ″Why So Many Contradictions Surrounding Jesus’ Resurrection?″ for more information on investigating the various gospel accounts of Jesus’ resurrection.(Contradictions Series (Part IV)) (Contradictions Series)
Did the Dead Really Rise from Graves at Jesus’ Death?
- Funerals may be a mixture of pain and excitement for Christians, depending on their beliefs.
- We are saddened by the death of someone we care about because we will miss their presence and voice.
- In the event of a Christian’s death, we are comforted by the knowledge that their life did not finish when the body stopped functioning, and we are confident that we shall see them again if we are also followers of Jesus.
- Even the fantasy notion of Heaven – where we’ll be sitting on clouds just hanging out – appears to be uninteresting.
- Fortunately, for as obscure as the Bible is about it, the apostles provide us with a few points of clarification.
- Jesus taught in the Gospels that we will have a new and resurrected body, which was later reiterated by the apostolic authors (1 Corinthians 15:35-49).
The Book of Revelation describes a New Heaven and New Earth when this world has been judged.After the Fall, everything will be rebuilt from the eternal, so redeeming all of creation from the corruption that occurred.On this New Earth, we shall live as a Temple and City dedicated to God, interacting with countries and peoples as the intimate dwelling place of our heavenly Father (Revelation 21).There is a sense of purpose and connection in it.It’s not at all monotonous.There had to be a significant event that occurred in order for all of this to be feasible – to enable the chance to go forward from death to life, from devastation to prospering in God’s Kingdom.
The Lord Jesus Christ is the subject of this article.Everything altered as a result of his life, death, and resurrection.An strange detail about Jesus’ death is revealed during his crucifixion by one of his followers, a former tax collector, which no other Gospel writer has mentioned before.However, it reveals something significant about the power of the cross in our lives.
- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/jchizhe
Did the Dead Rise at the Death of Jesus?
- In their own manner, each of the Gospels recounts the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
- There are obvious parallels, but each focuses on a different aspect of what transpired when Jesus died on the cross, allowing us to get a more complete and complicated picture of what happened.
- The book of Matthew 27 has a puzzling description.
- In verse 50, Jesus screams out with a loud voice and surrenders his spirit to the Father.
- A number of things occur immediately after his voluntary death, in which he sacrificed his everlasting and divine existence for the sake of the dying world: The curtain of the Temple, which covers the entrance to the Holy of Holies, is torn from top to bottom.
- There was a tremor in the ground.
The rocks have cracked.According to a centurion, Jesus was both virtuous and the Son of God (Luke 23:47, Mark 15:39).In the midst of this horrible occurrence, dead individuals emerge from their graves and begin to stroll around.In that instant, the curtain that separated the sanctuary of the Temple was ripped in two, from top to bottom.As the earth trembled, rocks shattered, and graves were discovered, The bodies of many godly men and women who had died had been resurrected from the dead by the power of the Holy Spirit.After Jesus’ resurrection, they left the grave and entered the holy city of Jerusalem, where they appeared to a large number of people″ (Matthew 27:51-53).
I’ve seen most, if not all, of the Jesus films.However, if I ever created a Jesus movie, I would include that sequence because I don’t recall it.Consider the following scenario: the Earth is undergoing significant upheaval as a result of earthquakes and rocks breaking in half.Then the stones that covered graves began to roll away on their own own, allowing the tombs to be opened as previously dead individuals begin to sit up within.
- From ″The Walking Dead″ to other media, zombies have been a prominent feature in horror films over the past fifty years, dating back to ″The Walking Dead″ movies and other similar works.
- We would be mistaken, though, if we assumed that these individuals in the Bible were walking zombies.
- While these individuals were revived at the time of the crucifixion, they did not leave the cemetery until three days later, at the time of the resurrection.
- For a variety of reasons, cemeteries were not located inside the city limits, yet for the Jews, dead corpses rendered the environment impure.
- After coming into contact with a dead body, you had to wait seven days before you could be clean again (Numbers 19:11-13).
- Cemeteries were located distant from the main population for this reason, as well as for other reasons like as space and health concerns.
- These individuals, on the other hand, did not come into contact with the deceased.
- They were once known as the dead.
- There was no provision in the Law for such a situation.
- Inferred from this is that they waited until after Jesus was revealed to be alive before they were permitted to expose themselves.
- Who were these individuals?
In Matthew’s account, they were described as ″godly men and women.″ They had been loyal to God up until the time of their death.What happened to them?He led them into the holiest of cities, the city of Jerusalem, King David’s capital, the place where God was claimed to live and where the Temple of God was to be built.What exactly did they do?These beings appeared to the public, bearing witness to the miracle that had taken place.What really happened to these individuals?
We don’t know since the Bible doesn’t tell us.We can make educated guesses, which is exciting.(Did these appear to be fresh, revived bodies?Is it possible that they went to paradise later on, like Jesus?It will not be known until we reach Heaven and speak with God.
- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Robertiez
Where Else Do the Gospels Talk about the Dead Rising?
- I’m not the only one who thinks this sequence should be included in a film about Jesus, either.
- Matthew felt the same way.
- The Gospels include a great deal of information that we may use in this debate.
- Let us first consider a certain group of individuals known as the Sadducees.
- They were one of the two most powerful religious organizations of the day, along with the Pharisees, and they functioned similarly to political parties in terms of platforms and beliefs, with the exception of those pertaining to Jewish culture and the Temple system.
The Sadducees were distinguished from the rest of the Jewish people by their belief in the resurrection of the dead, which was the major way in which the Bible distinguished them.That was a part of their overall worldview against the supernatural in general, and miracles in particular, which encompassed the supernatural.They pressed Jesus on the subject of the resurrection of the dead since it was one of his most important topics of instruction.The most well-known story was when they inquired about a lady who had married multiple men, each of whom died one after the other in a series of accidents.The Sadducees inquired as to who she would marry if she were to reach the Celestial Kingdom.Jesus’ response was that there is no marriage in Heaven, thus none of them could get married (Matthew 22:23-34).
Another indication of the significance of the resurrection to Jesus is seen in the conversation between Martha and him before Christ raises Lazarus from the grave.Martha is depressed.Jesus consoles her by assuring her that Lazarus will rise from the dead again.She responds theologically, knowing that Lazarus will be raised from the dead.
- ″I am the resurrection and the life,″ says Jesus in response (John 11:25).
- The resurrection is more than just an event that will take place in the future; it is also a person.
- This person, Jesus, is revealed to us via the physical resurrection of saints from the dead, which is a promise of immortality that can only be fulfilled because Jesus is immortal.
- The resurrection is represented by Jesus.
- When Lazarus dies, Christ proceeds to revive him from the grave.
- According to Jesus’ teachings, the physical resurrection would take place, and those who did good would be resurrected to eternal life, while those who committed evil would be raised to judgment (John 5:29).
- The individuals that emerged from the graves, according to Matthew, were ″godly men and women.″ Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/jaflippo
Why Was it Important for the Dead to Rise?
- The crucifixion serves as the foundation for the resurrection.
- It is the crucifixion that provides us with eternal life.
- If we give up our lives for the cause of Jesus, we will gain them back.
- Those who are being saved hear the gospel of Christ crucified, which was a stumbling block to the Jews and folly to the Gentiles but is life to those who are being saved (1 Corinthians 1:18).
- The cross marked the end of the story.
- The final words said by Jesus before his death are recorded in John 19:30: ″It is finished!″ In fact, it was at the cross that Jesus declared it done, and if God himself proclaims something to be completed, how completely is it completed?
Very well done.Paul claims that Christ is the firstborn from the dead, meaning that he is the first of many resurrected individuals (Romans 8:29).The sacrifice of Jesus washed away all sin and, at the same time, killed death.He supernaturally removed the barriers that separated God and humanity, putting an end to all enmity between us and others within himself (Ephesians 2:13-17), and the same Spirit that raised Jesus from the dead lives in us, transforming us from death to life (Colossians 1:13), the current New Creation promise of a future resurrection completed but still awaiting revelation when Jesus returns to judge the world (Matthew 25:31-46).Moreover, when he arrives, we shall be like him (1 John 3:2), having been raised from the dead (1 Corinthians 15).Consequently, at his death, stones were supernaturally removed by God, and the entire corruption of the Earth, as well as the devils behind it, realized they had been defeated – similar to being defeated by a billion points in a basketball game – while ″godly men and women″ were restored to life from death and then revealed when he was revealed.
It was for this reason that the scenario was included in Matthew’s report.And that would be included in my film.Credit for the image goes to Getty Images/shuang paul Wang.
What Does the Dead Rising Mean for Us Today?
- Both now and in the future.
- We have been told the Good News of the Kingdom, that we are now members of an immortal family, no longer bound by sin or death, and that we will one day rule and reign in the Kingdom of Heaven on a New Earth, over angels and nations, as victors who will one day rule and reign in the Kingdom of Heaven on a New Earth All of your tears will be dried up (Revelation 21:4).
- Grief will be replaced with an abundance of joy.
- However, life is difficult right now.
- Everywhere we look, we see strife and animosity between people, individuals in families wanting to injure one another, and nations at war with one another out to rule the world.
- Crisis, upheaval, and tragedy appear in our lives on a regular basis.
Sickness, agony, death, and disease are all possibilities.In a time when we were supposed to come together and use spiritual might to close the gates of Hell, even Christians quarrel and struggle.This is something that Jesus and the Bible never denied.In fact, Christ made it a promise.″You’re going to experience problems in this life.″ Following Jesus was never a guarantee that we would be kept clear of difficulties.As a result, we choose a side and join the war lines in the spiritual realm, rendering ourselves more vulnerable to attack.
But, thank goodness, the Lord does not abandon us with that promise.″But don’t be scared, since I have vanquished the world,″ Jesus says towards the conclusion of his thought (John 16:33).Not only has he conquered our troubles and pain, but he has also vanquished the whole universe that generates them; the same corruption that causes disorder has already been defeated by him.Everything has been overcome, in the past, in the present, and in the future.
- It’s a done deal, no question about it.
- And it hasn’t been exposed yet.
- ″Dear friends,″ the apostle Peter writes, ″remember that God is not sluggish in fulfilling his promises, as some people believe slowness to be.″ ″Don’t forget that God is not slow in keeping his promises,″ the apostle Peter says.
- People are being saved as he works patiently on their behalf, yet he will arrive unexpectedly″ (2 Peter 3:8-10).
- The resurrection of the dead demonstrates God’s faithfulness, his completed work, and the hope we have that all will be revealed, all that we desire for, when the time comes.
- God wastes nothing and will use everything for our benefit and the glory of his name.
- Keep your eyes on God, our source of strength, and don’t lose heart.
- He will display the final product of his labor of love.
- Articles that are related What Is the Meaning of Resurrection?
Between the time of death and the final Resurrection, what happens to believers is a mystery.Was Jesus really dead and then resurrected, or did he just appear?Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Layland Masuda In addition to having lived as a missionary in Korea and traveling for missions in various countries, Britt Mooney currently resides in Suwanee, Georgia as a church planter who also works bi-vocationally with Phoenix Roasters, a missional cof