When Jesus Was Crusified

April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died

In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.

However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.

No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.

The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began

In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.

Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).

So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.

The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began

Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.

The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”

The Length of Jesus’s Ministry

To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:

  • In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
  • In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
  • And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
  • 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)

This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.

If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.

The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:

Nisan 15 AD 30 John 2:13
Nisan 15 AD 31 Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)
Nisan 15 AD 32 John 6:4
Nisan 15 AD 33 John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified

Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover

It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.

33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.

Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.

April 2 Nissan 14 Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall) Day of Passover preparation Last Supper
April 3 Nissan 15 Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall) Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins Crucifixion
April 4 Nissan 16 Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall) Sabbath
April 5 Nissan 17 Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall) First day of the week Resurrection

Conclusion

The computations in the preceding section may look difficult, but in a nutshell, the reasoning goes as follows:

HISTORICAL INFORMATION YEAR
Beginning of Tiberius’s reign AD 14
Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry AD 28
A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry AD 29
Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion AD 33 (April 3)

While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.

As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.

Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.

Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position. Andreas Köstenberger and he have written a book together called The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week in the Life of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived (Crossway, 2014).

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When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be? Is it possible to pinpoint the precise date? We are in the midst of our yearly commemoration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which began on Easter Sunday. All of us are aware that something like this occurred in Jerusalem during the first century. That distinguishes Jesus from mythological pagan deities, who were said to have lived in places and at times that no one could pinpoint precisely. When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be?

We have the ability to do so.

Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas

According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.

Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate

All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?

Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”

The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.

36.

Clue4: Crucified on a Friday

There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), immediately before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they required for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).

In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.

The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer. Pesaim iv. 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation). There were still a significant number of Fridays between A.D. 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated. Is it possible to figure out which one it is?

Clue5: A Friday at Passover

It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.

  • It was still early in the morning.
  • As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
  • There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
  • Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
  • In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
  • No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
  • The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D.
  • Monday, April 18, the year 29
  • Friday, April 7, the year 30
  • Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
  • Monday, April 14, the year 32
  • Friday, April 3, the year 33
  • Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
  • Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
  • And Saturday, March 31, the year 36
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As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?

Clue6: John’s Three Passovers

During Jesus’ career, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers: the first, the second, and the third.

  • Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.

That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.

29) and the next year’s Passover because there is insufficient time. The numbers don’t add up in this case. Consequently, the conventional date of Jesus’ death—Friday, April 3, AD 33-must be accepted as the true date. Is it possible to be any more specific?

Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”

Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.

This is the exact moment it occurred.

What Now?

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The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.

Where Was Jesus Crucified?

Please consider joining mySecret Material Club if the information offered here appeals to you. The Secret Information Club, if you’re not aware with it, is a free service that I provide only through electronic means. On a range of intriguing issues related to the Catholic faith, I send out material to subscribers. If you sign up, you will receive information about what Pope Benedict has stated regarding the book of Revelation as one of the very first things you’ll get. Many intriguing things have been spoken by him!

For any problems, please contact me through email.

According to the Register, this piece was first published on April 10, 2013.

What Scripture tells us about the crucifixion

The gospels of Matthew and Mark both inform us that the crucifixion took place at a location known as Golgotha. The Aramaic term golgotha literally translates as “skull.” And both Gospel writers provide us with their interpretations of the term: They arrived at a location known as Golgotha (which literally translates as “the site of the skull”) (Matthew 27:33, see also Mark 15:22). Luke doesn’t even bother to call it Golgotha in his gospel (Luke 23:33). And John flips Matthew and Mark’s sequence, referring to it as the “place of the Skull,” and then tells his readers of how it is translated into Aramaic by the author of the Gospel of John.

It was the Latin phrase calvaria, which means “skull” or “bald head,” that was used by the King James translators when they translated the word “skull” in Luke’s story.

Scholars, on the other hand, have some reservations about the location.

For example, was the hill known as “the skull” because it was fashioned in the shape of a human skull? Or did it receive its moniker because of the large number of executions that took place there? Scholars are divided on the issue.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

It is at this location, in the northwest sector of Jerusalem’s ancient city, that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located, which is one of the earliest acknowledged locations for Jesus’ crucifixion. After the storming of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, the city was transformed into a Roman colony, and its name was changed to Aelia Capitolina (Capital of the Capitol). During her journey to Aelia Capitolina, Empress Helena (Constantine’s mother) is said to have discovered a temple to Venus built over the “recognized” location of Jesus’ burial, according to legend.

They were able to select “the real cross” because of a miracle cure that occurred in connection with one of the three crosses.

It has become a must-see pilgrimage destination for many Christians of many denominations and traditions.

There appear to be some big issues with it, to put it mildly.

It appears that Jesus was crucified outside the city according to the Bible when we look at the text: Due to the fact that the site of Jesus’ crucifixion was close to the city and that the sign was written in three languages (Aramaic, Latin, and Greek), a large number of Jews were able to read it (John 19:20, emphasis added).

Likewise, Christ suffered outside the city gate in order to make the people holy via his own blood.

In this place, we do not have an enduring city, but we are yearning for the city that is yet to be built (Hebrews 13:11–14, emphasis mine).

Gordon’s Calvary (Skull Hill)

Many evangelical Christians choose a rocky outcrop north of Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate, which is located north of the Old City. This barren hilltop first came to public attention in the 19th century, when a German theologian by the name of Edward Robinson proposed it as a possible location for a religious institution, according to our research. This viewpoint was adopted by Charles Gordon, a well-known British major general, in the late 1800s, and it became linked with him as a result. In what ways does it stand out as a possible place for the crucifixion?

This helps to make sense of Mark’s words: “Some ladies were standing nearby, keeping an eye on everything.” Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joseph, and Salome were among those who were present” (Mark 15:40).

Some also suggest that if there were skull-like features on the site, it is more likely that it would have been known as “Golgotha” by both Romans and Jews.

Another element that makes this a viable candidate for Jesus’ tomb is its proximity to the Garden Tomb, which is considered to be one of the possible locations of Jesus’ tomb.

One of the most compelling reasons against it is the simple fact that it hasn’t been historically recognized. Many believe that if this were the location of the Lord’s crucifixion, it would be far more significant and would have been mentioned much earlier than the nineteenth century.

Near the Lion’s Gate

In recent years, a missionary by the name of Rodger Dusatko has proposed an alternative location near Jerusalem. This location is located on a hill just outside of the Lion’s Gate. Furthermore, the Lion’s Gate is a symbolic representation of the area where Christians see Jesus’ final journey from the jail to His crucifixion (Via Dolorosa). 330 meters northeast of where the temple formerly stood, on a steep slope beyond the wall, there is a possibility that Golgotha will be built. According to Dusatko, the word skulla is not used to describe Golgotha, which would imply that the skull is being referred to as a whole.

  1. This is the origin of the word “cranium,” which refers to the top, curving portion of the head.
  2. When assessing a suitable location for Calvary, Dusatko believes that having a straight line of sight to the temple is critical.
  3. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake.
  4. Upon witnessing what had occurred, the centurion expressed his gratitude to God and stated, “Surely this was a virtuous man” (Luke 23:44–47).
  5. Some critics of the Lion’s Gate hill argue that Luke did not specifically state that the centurion witnessed the curtain being torn in half.
  6. Luke was most likely implying that the centurion, who had watched the events of the day, had been convinced of Jesus’s righteousness.

Jesus and Adam?

One of the most intriguing traditions about the site of the crucifixion has to do with Adam’s skull, which is said to have been found nearby. Origen (A.D. 184-A.D. 253), one of the most renowned theologians and biblical experts in the early church, was the catalyst for this transformation. It was revealed to Origen in his commentary on Matthew that the corpse of Adam had been buried there in order that, “as in Adam all perish,” so too would Adam be revived and “as in Christ all would be made alive,” as well as “as in Christ all will be made alive.” Apocalyptic writer Epiphanius of Salamis (ca.

According to Chrysostom (349–407), in his commentary on the Gospel of John, “‘And He arrived to a spot where there was a skull,'” he adds.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre even contains a Chapel of Adam, which is positioned beneath the alleged rock of Golgotha, as part of its complex.

This is one of those tales that is really intriguing to learn about yet serves no benefit whatsoever.

After all, as we’ve seen, it’s difficult enough to pinpoint the exact place of Jesus’ crucifixion. I think it’s pretty doubtful that we’ll ever find out where Adam’s body is buried. Furthermore, it serves as a helpful reminder of the need of keeping talks focused on the facts.

So what do we know?

After all this time, it should be clear that we are unable to pinpoint the exact place of Jesus’ crucifixion. Does this imply that it never took place? In no way, shape, or form. A large number of extra-biblical narratives show that Christ was crucified in the manner described in the Gospels. Tacitus was a Roman historian (as well as a senator) who lived in the first century. It is in the Annals of the Emperor Nero that he describes how Nero responded to the fire in Rome by persecuting Christians, and it is in this that he verifies the manner in which Jesus died: As a result, in order to get rid of the report, Nero pinned the responsibility and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class of people despised by the crowd for their abominations and referred to as Christians.

When Christus, the man who gave his name to the religion, was executed by one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, during the reign of Tiberius, an evil superstition that had been suppressed for a time erupted once more not only in Judaea, the origin of evil, but also in Rome, where all that is hideous and shameful from all over the world finds a home and becomes popular, was re-ignited.

  • Their deaths were made much more miserable by mockery of every kind.
  • Thallus was a first-century historian, and most of his work has been lost to history—but the second-century historian Sextus Julius Africanus makes use of his writings.
  • Thallus, in the third book of his History, refers to this darkness as an eclipse of the sun, which looks to me to be without foundation (Julius Africanus, Chronography, 18:1).
  • In putting Socrates to death, what benefit did the Athenians derive from their decision?
  • What benefit did the men of Samos derive from the burning of Pythagoras’ statue?
  • What benefit did the Jews derive from the assassination of their wise king?
  • God avenged the three wise men in a righteous manner.
  • But Socrates did not die; he continued to live on via Plato’s teachings.
  • Neither did the wise monarch pass away; he continued to live via the teachings he had imparted (Mara bar Simpson, a letter to his son).
  • Although we will never know where Jesus died, we may place our confidence in the assurance that:But he was pierced for our trespasses, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was laid on him, and it is by his wounds that we are healed (Isaiah 53:5).
  • The exact site of the crucifixion is unknown, but we do know, in Paul’s words, that “we are Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were appealing to us via Christ” (2 Corinthians 5:20a).

Fortunately, Jesus’ death does not mark the end of the tale. Join us in celebrating the resurrection by reading and sharing this article. When it comes to the Resurrection of Jesus, why is it so significant?

What time was Jesus crucified? What time did Jesus die on the cross?

Answer The gospel authors make a number of references to the period of Jesus’ crucifixion in their writings. When we put all of these allusions together, we may obtain an approximation of when time of day Jesus died. The New American Standard Bible (NASB) will be used in this article since it provides a literal translation of the time references given in the original Greek. We know that Jesus was arrested in the middle of the night and brought before Pilate the next morning. “Now when the morning came, all the chief priests and elders of the people conspired together against Jesus, deciding that He should be put to death; and they tied Him, carried Him away, and handed Him to Pilate the governor,” Matthew 27:1–2.

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Pilate, on the other hand, had to make the final call.

Pilate saw he was achieving nothing and that a riot was about to break out.

Then he freed Barabbas for them.

” When it was at the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice and said, ‘Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?’ (Who is like God?) in other words, ‘My God, My God, why have You abandoned Me?’ In fact, when they heard it, several of the people who were gathered there immediately began to exclaim, ‘This man is asking for Elijah.’ So one of them dashed to the side of the road and, taking a sponge, filled it with sour wine, placed it on a reed, and handed it to Jesus to drink.

  1. The rest, on the other hand, replied, ‘Let us wait and see whether Elijah will arrive to save Him.’ And Jesus cried out with a loud voice once again, this time yielding up His spirit.
  2. Consequently, Jesus died “about the ninth hour,” according to Matthew.
  3. Mark 15:25 provides more detail, stating, “It was the third hour when they crucified Him,” and the rest of the tale is consistent with Matthew and Luke’s accounts of the hours of darkness and the death of Jesus.
  4. It was at the ninth hour when darkness descended from the sixth hour until the ninth hour, and Jesus died at about that time.
  5. Considering that a new day begins at midnight, the third hour would be 3:00 a.m., according to current reckoning.
  6. As a result, the third hour when Jesus was crucified would have been three hours after sunrise, or around 9:00 a.m.
  7. All of this is rather clear, except for the fact that John appears to record something entirely different.

It was approximately the sixth hour on the day of preparation for the Passover.” It was now the day of preparation for the Passover.

There are a number of plausible answers to the apparent disparity in the data.

If this is the case, the sixth hour would be approximately 6:00 a.m.

A.

605).

Andrew Kostenberger also notes that when referring to time in John 1:39, John appears to be referring to late afternoon (4:00 PM), rather than the traditional sunup-to-sundown frame of reference (Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, “John,” Baker Academic, 2004, p.

As a result, it appears that the “Roman time” option is doubtful.

An early copyist of John, according to one view, mistyped the Greek numeral digamma (6 instead of 6) when writing the text (the Greek numeral gamma, or3).

606).

Even though Kostenberger does not necessarily agree with the notion, he speculates that John may be making a theological argument rather than seeking to provide a literal indicator of the time (op cit, p.

The choosing of the Paschal lamb would generally take place at midday on the day before Passover, according to tradition.

This approach, on the other hand, has its own set of chronological challenges.

Given that Jesus had previously eaten the Passover with His followers, it appears that the dinner itself had already taken place at that point in time.

538) and Carson (p.

The day was commonly split into three-hour blocks before the invention of watches and other exact timekeeping technologies, and people frequently approximated and rounded off the time.

(noon).

The nearest quarter or half hour is frequently used, even in current times when digital clocks can determine time to the second.

Alternatively, it is probable that John and Mark “rounded off” the timings as a matter of tradition.

“More than likely, we are in risk of requiring a level of accuracy in both Mark and John that could not have been accomplished in the days before watches,” Carson says.

“If the sun was moving toward the center of the sky, two separate observers may readily have peered up and determined that it was ‘approximately the third hour’ or ‘about the sixth hour,'” the author writes” (p.

Considering all of the evidence, it appears that Jesus was crucified at some point in the morning and died at some point later in the afternoon.

In this particular topic, the gospel authors were not excessively concerned with accuracy. In contrast, they were significantly more concerned with the theological ramifications, which they meticulously documented.

On what day was Jesus crucified?

QuestionAnswer According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified on any given day of the week although it is not specified. Friday and Wednesday are the days on which the majority of people agree. Some, on the other hand, believe that Thursday should be the day, based on a synthesis of both the Friday and Wednesday reasons. Christ stated in Matthew 12:40, “For just as Jonah was swallowed up by a great fish and survived three days and three nights there, so will the Son of Man be swallowed up by a great fish and survive three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” It is still possible, according to those who argue for a Friday crucifixion, that He may have been considered in the grave for three days if He was executed on Friday.

  • In the minds of the Jews of the first century, a portion of a day was regarded to be a complete day.
  • Jesus was executed “the day before the Sabbath,” according to Mark 15:42, which is one of the most persuasive reasons in favor of Friday.
  • An other argument for Friday is that texts like as Matthew 16:21 and Luke 9:22 teach that Jesus would rise on the third day, and as a result, He would not need to stay in the grave for a total of three days and nights as previously thought.
  • Furthermore, according to Mark 8:31, Jesus will be risen “after” three days from the dead.
  • The Thursday argument is an extension of the Friday argument.
  • That difficulty can be solved by adding a day or two to your schedule.
  • He walks into your office on a Thursday morning and you respond, “I haven’t seen you in three days,” despite though it had only been 60 hours since you last saw him (2.5 days).

According to the view written on Wednesday, there were two Sabbaths that week.

According to the Wednesday school of thought, this “Sabbath” was the Passover (see Leviticus 16:29-31, 23:24-32, 39, where high holy days that are not necessarily the seventh day of the week are referred to as the Sabbath).

Please keep in mind that in Luke 23:56, the ladies who had purchased spices after the first Sabbath returned and prepared the spices, after which they “rested on the Sabbath,” as the Bible says.

For those who believe in the two-Sabbath perspective, if Christ was crucified on Thursday, then the high holy Sabbath (the Passover) would have began at sundown on Thursday and finished at sundown on Friday, which corresponds to the beginning of the weekly Sabbath or Saturday.

Consequently, the only interpretation that does not violate the biblical narrative of the ladies and the spices while still adhering to a literal understanding of Matthew 12:40 is that Christ was crucified on Wednesday, according to the Wednesday perspective.

After that, on Friday, the women went out to buy spices and returned to prepare them that same day.

Jesus was laid to rest at sundown on Wednesday, which corresponded to the start of the Jewish calendar week on Thursday.

Thursday night (night one), Friday day (day two), Friday night (night two), Saturday day (day three), Saturday night (night three), Sunday morning (day four) (night three).

According to Jewish tradition, Jesus may have woken as early as right after sunset on Saturday evening, which marked the beginning of the first day of the week.

On the other hand, a possible flaw in the Wednesday viewpoint is that Jesus’ followers walked with Him along the road to Emmaus on the “same day” as His resurrection (Luke 24:13).

The period from Wednesday through Sunday is four days.

Is it really that vital to know what day of the week Christ was killed on?

If it were so significant, God’s Word would have made it abundantly plain what day and hour it will occur and for how long.

What is equally significant is the purpose for His death: He died in order to bear the penalty that all sinners are due.

This holds true regardless of whether He was crucified on a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) When was Jesus crucified, and what day was it?

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Crucifixion of Jesus – Bible Story

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are the four New Testament writings that contain the story of Jesus’ death on the cross; they are known as the Gospels. This Bible tale serves as a succinct summation of the salvation message of Jesus Christ. “From that time on, Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life,” according to Matthew, who wrote, “from that time on, Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the law, and As a result, Jesus saw that his death would be necessary as a sacrifice for the sins of mankind.

  1. During the height of Jesus’ career and miracles, a large number of Jews came to believe that he was the Messiah and the Son of God.
  2. Roman soldiers apprehended Jesus with the assistance of Judas Iscariot, and he was placed on trial for claiming to be the Jewish king, which he denied.
  3. When it came to the penalty for Jesus, the Roman ruler Pontius Pilate was apprehensive about the idea.
  4. Jesus was turned over to be beaten and whipped after Pilate washed his hands in front of a mob to demonstrate that he was not accepting responsibility for the slaughter that had taken place.
  5. The site of Jesus’ crucifixion is known as Calvary, which is derived from the Latin phrase meaning “a place of skull.”
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Jesus on the Cross

Crowds had assembled to grieve and witness the death of Jesus. In addition to being nailed on the cross between two criminals, Jesus’ sides were wounded by a sword. After being mocked for a while, one of the convicts approached him and requested Jesus to remember him. Jesus answered by saying, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.” “Forgive them, because they do not know what they are doing,” Jesus said as he raised his eyes to the heavens. When Jesus took his last breath, he said the following: “Father, I entrust my spirit into your capable hands.

The Last Words of Jesus Christ on the Cross

1. According to Matthew 27:46, at around the ninth hour, Jesus cried out, “My God, my God, why have you deserted me?” 2. 2. “Father, please forgive them since they are completely unaware of what they are doing” (Luke 23:34). 3. I swear to you that from this day forward, you’ll be with me in paradise (Luke 23:43). 4. “Dear Lady, please accept this as your son!” “Here is your mother!” says the other. When Jesus saw His mother standing near the cross with the Apostle John, He committed the care of His mother to John’s care, saying, “I trust you to look after her.” (See also John 19:26–27.) 5.

  1. In this instance, Jesus was responding to the Messianic prophesy from Psalm 69:21, which stated, “They put gall in my food and vinegar in my thirst.” 6.
  2. ” (See John 19:30.) The mission that His Father had given Him to carry out, which included teaching the Gospel, performing miracles, and bringing His people back together, was successfully completed.
  3. 7.
  4. (Matthew 23:46) Jesus freely laid down his life for us.
  5. This was a terrible and difficult assignment, yet Jesus volunteered to take on the challenge.
  6. In the hands of those who crucified him, Jesus was not helpless; he was the only one who had the authority to put an end to his life.
  7. (Revelation 13:8).

It is still a heinous crime against humanity.

Death was visited upon the creator of life by nefarious men (Acts 2:23).

The death of Jesus was distinguished by extraordinary occurrences.

When Jesus took his last breath, the ground shook, the temple curtain broke in half from top to bottom, and the graves of saints were opened, their bodies being lifted from the grave.

The sin of mankind would necessitate the offering of a sacrifice.

The complete Bible account of the crucifixion can be found in the Scriptures listed below.

Read the entire narrative of Jesus’ crucifixion in the scriptural text below, as well as articles, videos, and audio sermons that are related to this moving story. Image courtesy of Getty Images/mbolina

When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time

There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.

Cultural Information to Keep in Mind

1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.

This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.

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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial

One of the primary concerns of the Gospel authors was the presentation of Jesus, rather than the specific time of his appearances. When it comes to providing proper news coverage, dates have become more important. In contrast, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves rather than the precise time of those occurrences. Instead of providing a full biography of Jesus, they hoped to convey him to a wide variety of audiences. Two days before the Sabbath, there was a Day of Preparation.

Because Jews at this time were required to refrain from working on the Sabbath, Jesus’ companions made certain that he was buried before the Sabbath began at sunset on Friday.

You may get your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide -Praying Through Holy WeekHERE. Print your own copy for a wonderful daily devotional that will last you all the way up to Easter Sunday.

What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?

Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.

  • Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
  • Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
  • Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
  • Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant

What Time Did Jesus Die?

According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.

Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John

  • The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
  • Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”

What Year Did Jesus Die?

During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.

Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.

“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.

I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.

3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death

Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.

The temple curtain had been ripped in half.

We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.

The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.

2.

John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.

In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.

3.

Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.

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