Where Is Golgotha, Where Jesus Was Crucified?
Is it possible that the Church of the Redeemer has the answer? Staff of the Biblical Archaeology Society, October 26, 2021 149393 views, 20 comments, 149393 views What evidence is there to suggest that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the real site of Golgotha, where Jesus was crucified, based on the Church of the Redeemer (as depicted here)? What is the current location of Golgotha in Jerusalem? It was Golgotha, according to the New Testament, that served as the place of Jesus’ crucifixion and execution.
It was in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review when Marcel Serr and Dieter Vieweger discussed their Archaeological Views column, entitled “Golgotha: Is the Holy Sepulchre Church Authentic?” They discussed historical and contemporary research into the place whereJesuswas crucified.
The precise site of Jesus’ crucifixion is a matter of debate.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located in Jerusalem.
- In line with Roman and Jewish traditions at the time, Golgotha would have had to be positioned outside of the city limits of Jerusalem.
- So, where exactly is Golgotha situated?
- When the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the traditional location of Jesus’ crucifixion, was erected in the fourth century C.E., was it built within or outside the city walls of Jerusalem?
- Leen Ritmeyer created the illustration.
Attempts to locate a so-called Second Wall south of the Holy Sepulchre Church that had served as the northern wall of Jerusalem during Jesus’ time (and would have moved the site of the church outside of Jerusalem during Jesus’ time) have proven fruitless—although Josephus, the knowledgeable first-century Jewish historian, does mention such a wall (The Jewish War5.146).
For over a century, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is built at Golgotha, the site of Jesus’ crucifixion, appeared to provide a solution to the dilemma of authenticity.
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If you’d like to contribute to making Bible History Daily, BiblicalArchaeology.org, and our daily newsletter possible, please consider making a donation. Even a small donation of $5 is appreciated: According to Ute Wagner-Lux of the German Protestant Institute of Archaeology in Jerusalem, who dug under the Church of the Redeemer in 1970, this wall could not have been the Second Wall. She concluded that this wall could not have been the Second Wall. Why? In the words of Serr and Vieweger, “this wall was just five feet thick—far too small to be used as a city wall.” As a result, the search was restarted.
There are some hints from the Church of the Redeemer that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located outside the mysterious Second Wall, according to the findings of the excavations.
– Members of the BAS Library: Learn more about Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre Church in the entire Archaeological Views column by Marcel Serr and Dieter Vieweger in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review.
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Where Was Jesus Crucified? Location of Golgotha
“Passover preparations were underway at this point, and it was approximately the sixth hour. “Behold your King!” he said to the assembled Jews. They, on the other hand, yelled out, “Away with Him, Away with Him, Away with Him! crucify him! crucify him!” “Do you want me to crucify your King?” Pilate inquired of them. “We have no monarch save Caesar!” the leading priests said in response. After that, he handed Him over to them to be crucified. As a result, they arrested Jesus and brought Him away.
- It appears in all four of the Gospels, and is referred to by name.
- At the site of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, it has long been venerated for its historical significance, which dates back to 325 and was established by Queen Mother Helena, mother of Constantine the Great.
- Kranon is sometimes translated as “Skull” in English, although it really refers to the Cranium, which is the section of the skull that contains the brain itself.
- Because of this, the titles “Golgotha” and “Calvary” are taken from the Hebrew and Latin translations respectively when referring to the site of Christ’s crucifixion, and they are used interchangeably.
Where is the Location of Golgotha?
Golgotha, also known as Calvary in Latin, is commonly believed to be associated with the traditional location of Christ’s Crucifixion, which is currently housed in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem’s Christian Quarter. However, this is not always the case. Located within the Old City of Jerusalem’s walls, this church is dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The following is an adiagram from Wikipedia that depicts how the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was constructed on the site known as Golgotha: Concerning the location of the site of the Crucifixion (which is also the location of the Tomb), we have no hint from the New Testament; in fact, locations have been proposed on all sides of the city—as well as in the West—by those who reject tradition.
However, an excellent assessment of the entire evidence can be found in the late Sir Charles W. Wilson’s book “Golgotha and the Holy Sepulcher,” published by the PEF. It is hard to delve into the entire topic here because it requires a minute and lengthy explanation.
What does Golgotha mean?
According to the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, Golgotha is the Hebrew term for the location where our Lord was crucified on the cross. The Bible (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17) teaches that God is love. According to these three evangelists, it might be translated as “the site of a skull.” There are two possible explanations for the name: (1) It could be derived from the fact that it was a place where executions were frequently carried out, and as a result, it was awash in skulls; or (2) it could be derived from the appearance or shape of the spot itself, which is bald, round, and skull-like, and therefore a mound or hillock, in accordance with the common phrase -for which there is no direct authority- “Mount Calvary.” Regardless of which of these explanations is right, Golgotha appears to have been a well-known location.
Various explanations for the name Golgotha, which means “skull,” have been advanced, including: that it was a location where skulls might be discovered lying around and, consequently, a public execution site.
On the contrary, it may be argued that there is no evidence that a special place for Jewish executions existed in the first century, and that, if there had been, the corpses would have been allowed to be buried in accordance with Jewish law (Deuteronomy 21:23) and with normal custom (Matthew 27:58; John 19:38).
Is Golgotha a Holy Place?
In a nutshell, sure. There are many Christians of many faiths from all over the globe who go to Jerusalem to see and worship the site where Jesus Christ was crucified, buried, and resurrected, which is today known as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. According to traditions that date back to the fourth century, it encompasses the two holiest locations in Christian history: the site where Jesus was crucified, at a site known as Golgotha, and Jesus’ empty tomb, where He was buried and risen after three days of darkness.
Can you visit Golgotha now?
In general, yes, you are authorized to visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, provided that travel to Jerusalem is permitted at the time of your visit. Christ was crucified, buried, and risen in this church, which is located in the Christian Quarter of the Old City. This is one of the most hallowed places in all of Christendom, and it is a popular pilgrimage destination.
Where isthe Crossof Christ’s Crucifixion Today?
In accordance with the website digismak.com, a portion of the cross granted to Helena’s mission was sent to Rome (the other portion stayed in Jerusalem), and according to legend, a significant portion of the remnants are preserved in Rome’s Basilica of the Holy Cross. In addition to the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Rome, the cathedrals of Cosenza, Naples, and Genoa in Italy; the monastery of Santo Toribio de Liébana (which claims to have the largest piece), Santa Maria dels Turers, and the basilica of Vera Cruz, among others, in Spain; and the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Rome, among others, claim to have a fragment of the log where Jesus Christ was crucified.
Read on to learn more about the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ, its significance in the Bible, and its relevance today! Image courtesy of Getty Images/yuelan
Where Was Jesus Crucified?
The crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus determine whether or not the Christian religion is valid. Understanding God’s pardon, everlasting life, and the hope we have in Christ are all built on these two historical events, which are interconnected. The faith is jeopardized if these events do not take place. However, while speaking about Christ’s resurrection, the apostle Paul emphasizes the following point: “But since it is taught that Christ has been raised from the dead, how can any of you argue that there is no resurrection of the dead?” Even if there is no resurrection of the dead, it is unlikely that Christ has been risen from the grave.
These events did in fact take place, and there is a substantial amount of extra-biblical evidence to support this claim.
What Scripture tells us about the crucifixion
The gospels of Matthew and Mark both inform us that the crucifixion took place at a location known as Golgotha. The Aramaic term golgotha literally translates as “skull.” And both Gospel writers provide us with their interpretations of the term: They arrived at a location known as Golgotha (which literally translates as “the site of the skull”) (Matthew 27:33, see also Mark 15:22). Luke doesn’t even bother to call it Golgotha in his gospel (Luke 23:33). And John flips Matthew and Mark’s sequence and calls it the “place of the Skull” and then informs his readers how it’s translated into Aramaic.
It was the Latin phrase calvaria, which means “skull” or “bald head,” that was used by the King James translators when they translated the word “skull” in Luke’s story.
But researchers have some reservations regarding the location.
Or did it receive its moniker for the quantity of executions that occurred there?
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
It is at this location, in the northwest sector of Jerusalem’s ancient city, that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located, which is one of the earliest acknowledged locations for Jesus’ crucifixion. After the storming of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, the city was transformed into a Roman colony, and its name was changed to Aelia Capitolina (Capital of the Capitol). During her journey to Aelia Capitolina, Empress Helena (Constantine’s mother) is said to have discovered a temple to Venus built over the “recognized” location of Jesus’ burial, according to legend.
They were able to select “the real cross” because of a miracle cure that occurred in connection with one of the three crosses.
It has become a must-see pilgrimage destination for many Christians of many denominations and traditions.
There appear to be some big issues with it, to put it mildly.
It appears that Jesus was crucified outside the city according to the Bible when we look at the text: Due to the fact that the site of Jesus’ crucifixion was close to the city and that the sign was written in three languages (Aramaic, Latin, and Greek), a large number of Jews were able to read it (John 19:20, emphasis added).
Likewise, Christ suffered outside the city gate in order to make the people holy via his own blood.
Let us then approach him outside the camp, carrying the dishonor he has endured in his life. In this place, we do not have an enduring city, but we are yearning for the city that is yet to be built (Hebrews 13:11–14, emphasis mine).
Gordon’s Calvary (Skull Hill)
Many evangelical Christians choose a rocky outcrop north of Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate, which is located north of the Old City. This barren hilltop first came to public attention in the 19th century, when a German theologian by the name of Edward Robinson proposed it as a possible location for a religious institution, according to our research. This viewpoint was adopted by Charles Gordon, a well-known British major general, in the late 1800s, and it became linked with him as a result. In what ways does it stand out as a possible place for the crucifixion?
- This helps to make sense of Mark’s words: “Some ladies were standing nearby, keeping an eye on everything.” Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joseph, and Salome were among those who were present” (Mark 15:40).
- Some also suggest that if there were skull-like features on the site, it is more likely that it would have been known as “Golgotha” by both Romans and Jews.
- Another element that makes this a viable candidate for Jesus’ tomb is its proximity to the Garden Tomb, which is considered to be one of the possible locations of Jesus’ tomb.
- One of the most compelling reasons against it is the simple fact that it hasn’t been historically recognized.
Near the Lion’s Gate
In recent years, a missionary by the name of Rodger Dusatko has proposed an alternative location near Jerusalem. This location is located on a hill just outside of the Lion’s Gate. Furthermore, the Lion’s Gate is a symbolic representation of the area where Christians see Jesus’ final journey from the jail to His crucifixion (Via Dolorosa). 330 meters northeast of where the temple formerly stood, on a steep slope beyond the wall, there is a possibility that Golgotha will be built. According to Dusatko, the word skulla is not used to describe Golgotha, which would imply that the skull is being referred to as a whole.
- This is the origin of the word “cranium,” which refers to the top, curving portion of the head.
- When assessing a suitable location for Calvary, Dusatko believes that having a straight line of sight to the temple is critical.
- And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake.
- Upon witnessing what had occurred, the centurion expressed his gratitude to God and stated, “Surely this was a virtuous man” (Luke 23:44–47).
- Some critics of the Lion’s Gate hill argue that Luke did not specifically state that the centurion witnessed the curtain being torn in half.
Luke was most likely implying that the centurion, who had watched the events of the day, had been convinced of Jesus’s righteousness.
Jesus and Adam?
One of the most intriguing traditions about the site of the crucifixion has to do with Adam’s skull, which is said to have been found nearby. Origen (A.D. 184-A.D. 253), one of the most renowned theologians and biblical experts in the early church, was the catalyst for this transformation. It was revealed to Origen in his commentary on Matthew that the corpse of Adam had been buried there in order that, “as in Adam all perish,” so too would Adam be revived and “as in Christ all would be made alive,” as well as “as in Christ all will be made alive.” Apocalyptic writer Epiphanius of Salamis (ca.
- According to Chrysostom (349–407), in his commentary on the Gospel of John, “‘And He arrived to a spot where there was a skull,'” he adds.
- The Church of the Holy Sepulchre even contains a Chapel of Adam, which is positioned beneath the alleged rock of Golgotha, as part of its complex.
- This is one of those tales that is really intriguing to learn about yet serves no benefit whatsoever.
- I think it’s pretty doubtful that we’ll ever find out where Adam’s body is buried.
So what do we know?
After all this time, it should be clear that we are unable to pinpoint the exact place of Jesus’ crucifixion. Does this imply that it never took place? In no way, shape, or form. A large number of extra-biblical narratives show that Christ was crucified in the manner described in the Gospels. Tacitus was a Roman historian (as well as a senator) who lived in the first century. It is in the Annals of the Emperor Nero that he describes how Nero responded to the fire in Rome by persecuting Christians, and it is in this that he verifies the manner in which Jesus died: As a result, in order to get rid of the report, Nero pinned the responsibility and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class of people despised by the crowd for their abominations and referred to as Christians.
When Christus, the man who gave his name to the religion, was executed by one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, during the reign of Tiberius, an evil superstition that had been suppressed for a time erupted once more not only in Judaea, the origin of evil, but also in Rome, where all that is hideous and shameful from all over the world finds a home and becomes popular, was re-ignited.
- Their deaths were made much more miserable by mockery of every kind.
- Thallus was a first-century historian, and most of his work has been lost to history—but the second-century historian Sextus Julius Africanus makes use of his writings.
- Thallus, in the third book of his History, refers to this darkness as an eclipse of the sun, which looks to me to be without foundation (Julius Africanus, Chronography, 18:1).
- In putting Socrates to death, what benefit did the Athenians derive from their decision?
- What benefit did the men of Samos derive from the burning of Pythagoras’ statue?
- What benefit did the Jews derive from the assassination of their wise king?
- God avenged the three wise men in a righteous manner.
- But Socrates did not die; he continued to live on via Plato’s teachings.
- Neither did the wise monarch pass away; he continued to live via the teachings he had imparted (Mara bar Simpson, a letter to his son).
- Although we will never know where Jesus died, we may place our confidence in the assurance that:But he was pierced for our trespasses, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was laid on him, and it is by his wounds that we are healed (Isaiah 53:5).
- The exact site of the crucifixion is unknown, but we do know, in Paul’s words, that “we are Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were appealing to us via Christ” (2 Corinthians 5:20a).
Fortunately, Jesus’ death does not mark the end of the tale. Join us in celebrating the resurrection by reading and sharing this article. When it comes to the Resurrection of Jesus, why is it so significant?
Golgotha – Why was Jesus crucified outside the city? — by Mark Barnes
Even if you visit the alleged location of Jesus’ crucifixion today, it’s nearly hard to picture what it must have been like thousands of years ago. To see the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, you must first enter the busy Old City of Jerusalem, and then proceed inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. As you weave your way among the throngs of pilgrims and the swaying arcs of Greek Orthodox oil lights, you’ll notice a white rock jutting up under an altar. Christ, according to the church, was crucified on this very spot.
- Of course, Jesus did not travel to Golgotha through the Old City.
- To the greatest extent possible, all of the gospel writers emphasize that Jesus was transported outside the city to be crucified.
- You might be asking why this is so significant.
- It is significant because Jews link sanctity and purity with certain locations.
- Leviticus 14:33-45).
A holy city and a holy God
The temple, of course, was the holiest of all places. However, Jerusalem was believed to be a sacred city in its own right (Nehemiah 11:1, Isaiah 52:1, Matthew 4:5, etc.). That meant that some activities were not permitted to take place within the city’s boundaries. Everything that is unclean should be done outside or brought to the outside. Some Jews (the Essenes, for example) even outlawed defecating in public places during the time of Jesus. After leaving the city, they had to go 3,000 cubits (almost a mile) outside of it.
It’s easy to dismiss the Essenes as a cult of obsessive behavior.
Deuteronomy 23:12–14 instructs people on the Exodus that they should ‘designate a spot outside the camp where you can go to relieve yourself.’ The passage is from the Old Testament.
No, it’s not just for sanitary reasons; it’s also because ‘the LORD your God goes about in your camp, protecting you and delivering your foes into your hands.’ ‘Your camp must be holy in order for him not to perceive anything improper among you and turn away from you.’ The Israelites developed a sense of hallowed ground as a result of God’s presence in their midst.
They were under the impression that if they tolerated uncleanness among them, God would turn away from them.
Outside the camp
Throughout the Bible, we may see examples of this. After they had been slaughtered, the sacrifices were carried outside the camp (Leviticus 4:12). Because the offense was so heinous, it appears as though the corpse of the animal slain as a sin offering had to be not only destroyed, but removed from the camp as well: it had to be slaughtered, burnt, and then the ashes were transported outside of it. The Exodus took place during a time when people who were ceremonially unclean were expelled from the camp (e.g.
Those who broke God’s law were also executed there (e.g., Numbers 15:32-36), a practice that continued at least until the period of the New Testament (Luke 4:29, Acts 7:58).
When you are looking away from the city, the large Jewish cemetery on the Mount of Olives is one of the most remarkable sites you will see. In this cemetery, located just outside of the city, up to a quarter of a million Jews are buried, with some graves going back to the time of the Old Testament.
No cleansing for the city
However, the people fail to take use of God’s gift to maintain their city clean on a consistent basis. Apocalyptic prophecy in Ezekiel 24:13 declares that the Lord ‘tried to cleanse you, but you would not be cleansed from your impurity,’ and as a result, “you will not be clean again until my wrath against you has subsided.” As a result, the people of Jerusalem are exiled, and the city itself is destroyed. Jerusalem, according to Jeremiah, has committed a great sin and has become unclean as a result (Lamentations 1:8).
She and her people have been killed, burned, and are now being transported — to the land of Babylon.
A better sacrifice
It was for this reason that Jesus, in contrast to practically all other Jews, did not regard the temple (or even Jerusalem) to be a hallowed location. It was a robber’s lair, to put it mildly. While other Jews flocked to the temple in order to get closer to God, Jesus made it a point to pray in distant locations far away from the crowds of the city. And when he felt the need to pray on the night before his crucifixion, he purposefully departed Jerusalem in order to do so, according to tradition (even today, Gethsemane is just outside the city).
- It would then be necessary to remove their bodies from the city in order to purify it of any leftover impurity.
- In truth, Jesus was the temple (John 2:19-21), he was Immanuel, God with us, and he was the Son of God.
- The actuality, on the other hand, was significantly more substantial.
- The writer to the Hebrews draws a connection between the ritual in which the carcasses of sacrificed animals are brought outside the city, especially on the day of atonement, and the ritual in which the carcasses of sacrificed animals are taken within the city.
- Likewise, Christ suffered outside the city gate in order to make the people holy via his own blood.
- Due to the fact that we do not have an enduring city here, we are looking forward to the city that is yet to be built (Hebrews 13:11–13).
- Jesus has taken the place of those Old Testament sacrifices, as evidenced by his crucifixion outside of the city walls on Good Friday.
- The fact that Jesus is the new temple means that there is no longer any redemption to be sought in the sacrifice system, but only in Jesus.
- Clinging to the things of this world may be quite seductive for us as well.
- A finer city is yet ahead of us — the ‘holy city, new Jerusalem,’ which is perfectly pure and “prepared like a bride gorgeously clothed for her husband.” We are looking forward to it (Revelation 21:2).
It is only because Jesus died outside of the city and bore our sins that we are permitted to enter that holy city.
Where was Jesus crucified?
QuestionAnswer The exact site of Jesus’ crucifixion is a source of contention among scholars today. “Golgotha,” or “the site of the skull,” is said to be the location in Matthew 27:33, Mark 15:22, Luke 23:33, and John 19:17, among other places. The Gospels provide a few further hints as to the location of the tomb. As stated in John 19:20, it was “near the city,” which suggests that it was outside the city walls, which is the most plausible interpretation. Mark 15:40 mentions that the place of Jesus’ crucifixion could be seen from a distance, which most likely suggests that it was on a high ledge or other elevated platform.
- The Church of the Holy Sepulchre and Gordon’s Calvary are the two most popularly proposed locations for the location of Jesus’ death on the cross.
- A system known as Gordon’s Calvary was initially proposed by Otto Thenius and his colleagues Fisher Howe and Claude Conder in the mid-nineteenth century, and it was popularized in the late nineteenth century by Charles Gordon.
- Major areas of the city itself have been destroyed and rebuilt several times throughout the years.
- Would the Church of the Holy Sepulchre have been built outside the city walls in the early first century?
- Is Gordon’s Calvary the result of quarrying work that took place sometime in the past 2,000 years?
- On both sides, there are strong points of view.
- There are other arguments in favor of alternative places.
- Whatever the location, there is no scriptural justification for it to be revered.
- We are no closer to God than we are in our own homes, whether we are in the tomb under the Church of the Holy Sepulchre or on the summit of Gordon’s Calvary.
Jesus was crucified, buried, and raised, according to 1 Corinthians 15:3–4 (New International Version). That is the most crucial thing. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion?
Where Was Jesus Crucified? – Golgotha “the Place of the Skull”
What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion? The crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth is one of the most well-documented occurrences in ancient history. The truth has been confirmed by theologians as well as historians, among others. “Even those academics and critics who have been driven to leave from nearly everything else within the historical substance of Christ’s sojourn on earth have found it hard to conceive away the factuality of Christ’s death,” it has been stated without exaggeration: ” – John McIntyre’s ‘The Uses of History in Theology’ is a good example of this.
- Bart Erhrman of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill provided an example of this type of affirmation in his affirmation letter.
- 2: The Life and Times of Jesus Christ.’ Jesus was executed on the instructions of Pontus Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea, according to one of the most definite events of history.
- It was validated by the secular authorities of the day.
- Millions upon millions of people believe it.
- The answer to that question is strongly tied to God’s will as well as God’s methods of doing things.
- Click HERE to download your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide -Praying Through Holy Week.
Where Was Jesus Crucified?
What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion? The Gospels confirm that Christ was crucified outside the city walls of Jerusalem, according to their accounts. That much is confirmed by both John and the writer to the Hebrews in the following passage: “Then many Jews read this title, since the location where Jesus was crucified was close to the city, and it was inscribed in Hebrew, Greek and Latin” (John 19:20, NKJV). Therefore, Jesus likewise suffered outside the gate, in order that He may sanctify the people with His own blood (Hebrews 13:12, NKJV).
- The presence of Roman military soldiers indicates the military nature of the mission as well as the significance of the execution to both people and the Roman provincial administration, which was forced to act as a result of local pressure (recommended book:Jesus: A New Vision).
- “There were other ladies watching from a distance; among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the younger and Joses, and Salome,” according to the text.
- According to C.
- Wilson, “It is apparent.
- Because, after being ridiculed and tormented by furious bystanders as he carried his cross through the packed streets going to the execution site, Jesus of Nazareth was crucified at “a spot named Golgotha, which is to say, the place of the skull,” as the Bible describes (Matthew 27:33ESV).
- The Greek term for this is kranion (from which the English word, cranial, is derived).
- Luke is the one who used the Latin term calvaria.
Actually, the correct translation into English would be “skull or cranium” (Carl Hensley, Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible).
66-73), which resulted in the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by Titus (A.D.
70-71, probably contributed to the deviation of local landscape (Lawrence Schiffman,From Text to Tradition).
It was there that the great church father and scholar traveled with Queen Helena (A.D.
66,” according to Jerome Murphy-The O’Connor’s Holy Land (Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, The Holy Land).
36-138), in 135, constructed temples to Roman deities in the Aelia Capitolina, including Aphrodite and Jupiter, the environment underwent tremendous transformation (the new Roman name that Hadrian gave for Jerusalem).
And it is a rather extraordinary claim to make.
326 by Helena’s son, Constantine.
326 and dedicated to the memory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
What We Don’t Know About the Location of the Crucifixion – Where Was Jesus Crucified
Accordingly, in response to the question above, and despite the categorical declarations of some, we must respond, “a great deal.” We are confident that we do not know what we do not know, and we are certain that we do not know what we do not know. Take, for example, the unmistakable scriptural assertion that our Lord was crucified in Golgotha. Despite the fact that we know what the word,Golgotha, orCalvary,means (it means “skull”), we are unsure if it is referring to one of three possible origins for the name.
Golgotha Meaning: the Place of the Skull, Might Refer to the Legendary Place of Adam’s Skull
Yes, you are correct. Adam’s skull was thought to have been buried at Golgotha, according to the Church Father Origen (A.D. 185-253), who was both a Hebrew scholar and a resident of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus’ death. For those who consider that Origen is a touch “off,” other early church leaders who held the belief that Jesus was crucified in the field of Adam’s burial may be able to refute your position. In this group would be the revered Athanasius (A.D. 296-373), Epiphanies (A.D. 312-403), and Basil of Caesarea, to name a few figures (A.D.
The second interpretation of Golgotha is more rational, however it departs from the popular interpretation in the following ways:
What Do We Know about Where Jesus Was Crucified?
What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion? According to this narrative, the site of our Lord’s crucifixion served as a common “killing ground” for rebels and criminals who were antagonistic to Roman control. The result was that the region was covered with the heads of “convicted criminals” (Wilson,Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre). Once the flesh had been removed from the skull and bones, the remains would be buried by the family members. Even the renowned Christian scholar and Bible translator, Jerome (A.D.
673-735), clung to this stance throughout their respective times.
The term “Bunhill” refers to a slang pronunciation of the phrase “Bone Hill.” Nonconformist clergy and others who did not fall under the Church of England’s sphere of influence were buried there.
Golgotha, the Place of the Skull, Might Refer to a Geological Formation Resembling a Skull
Since at least the seventeenth century, this idea of the location of Golgotha has been the most widely accepted one in the world. As a result, some writers have described Golgotha as a bald hilltop with a rock feature that resembled a human skull. While we must realize that there are no allusions to this in the Bible, it is important to note that Yes, it was a prominent location that could be seen from a distance, but it was never referred to as Mount Calvary by any of the biblical writers, nor by any Greek, Jewish, or Roman witnesses.
All of this, of course, may come as a shock to those who have held to one or another version of the events at Golgotha throughout their lives. Furthermore, the dispute serves to highlight the truth that we can only be certain of what the Bible says about some things. And is that sufficient?
We Know All We Need to Know
According to the Bible, our Lord Jesus Christ was crucified on a cross between two thieves, one of whom was remorseful and the other who was not. A conspiracy of Roman rulers and Jewish religious leaders, according to the Bible, was responsible for the crucifixion of Christ. To put it another way, both Gentiles and Jews were implicated in the cosmic crime of deicide (also known as “the murder of God by Man”). We are aware that the cross may be seen from a considerable distance. We know that there were women present, including Mary the mother of Jesus, and that they were powerful.
- We are aware that many people turned their backs on our Lord Jesus Christ during his time of greatest need.
- It’s as if the Holy Spirit has slung a perpetual curtain over the entire area, obscuring everything.
- However, we are unable to pinpoint the exact spot where Jesus Christ was crucified because of the nature of the evidence.
- So, there are some things that we may deduce from the Bible.
- And there is a great deal that we do not understand.
- The fact remains, however, that our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ died on the cross for our sins at a spot known as Calvary.
- He died as a sacrifice for our sins and as a fulfillment of the Covenant of Works (which states that “if you disobey, you shall die”).
- With nails made of iron that he produced, Jesus Christ was crucified on rough-hewn lumber from a forest he created, on a cross that he built himself.
- In the life of our Lord, there is a story that is crucial to us as we proceed through our studies.
The “Law and the Prophets” affirm the Person of Jesus as the One about whom they wrote; the Old Covenant yields to the New; ancient prophecies are fulfilled; Christ’s identity is fully revealed to the disciples and supernaturally confirmed; eternity touches time; heaven descends (once more) to the earth.
- Peter desired to create three tents to serve as a memorial to the occasion (perhaps, to return to the tent markers and build a greater temple).
- In John 4:21-23, the Lord also informed the Samaritan woman at the well that from now on, Christians must worship God “in spirit and in truth,” not on this mountain nor on that mountain, according to the Scriptures.
- It’s all about a certain individual.
- It is all about the ineffable.
- It all comes down to the Savior.
- It is only by faith that we may gaze at that ancient, craggy cross and choose where it is most appropriate: This cross marks the site of the “Great Exchange,” which took place here.
Alternatively, as I used to teach our church’s youngsters in Confirmation Class, “Jesus took your guilt upon himself upon the cross of Calvary.” “You’ve been given his ideal existence.” This Easter and throughout our lives, the very location where Jesus was killed for you and me is the location where we come to Him in brokenness and love.
That soldier was well aware.
What place did Christ die on the cross?
You may rest assured that this is true.
What Place Did Jesus Get Crucified?
References Chris Armstrong is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom.
The year is 1991, and HarperSanFrancisco is publishing a book.
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Eusebius of Caesarea was a Roman historian.
Umhau Wolf, translated by C.
The first version was created in 330AD.
Ignatius of Antioch was a Christian missionary who lived in Antioch, Syria.
The most recent modification was made in 110AD.
Bunhill Fields: Written in Honour and to the Memory of the Many Saints of God Whose Bodies Rest in This Old London Cemetery, Vol.
Light, Alfred W.Bunhill Fields: Written in Honour and to the Memory of the Many Saints of God Whose Bodies Rest in This Old London Cemetery, Vol.
Light, Alfred W.Bunhill Fields: Written in Honour and to the Memory of the Many Saints of God Whose Bodies Rest in This Old London Cemetery CJ Farncombe & Sons, Limited was established in 1915.
The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide from the Earliest Times to the Year 1700 is a book on archaeology in the Holy Land.
“Aelia Capitolina’s Capitol Building and its surroundings.” Revista Biblica (since 1946)101, no.
“Historicity of the Crucifixion.” The Briefing, published on May 24, 2013.
It is a history of the Second Temple and Rabbinic Judaism, from text to tradition, that is being published.
published this book in 1991.
“Eusebius of Caesarea and the Onomasticon,” according to the Onomasticon. The Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 27, no. 3 (1964), pp. 66–96, is a journal dedicated to the study of biblical archaeology. This page was last updated on April 8, 2019. . Photograph courtesy of Unsplash/Alicia Quan