What Date Did Jesus Die

April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died

In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.

However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.

No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.

The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began

Neither Justin Taylor nor I argue for or against a specific date for Jesus’ crucifixion in our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived. Jesus was killed in the spring of AD 30 or AD 33, according to virtually all academics, for a variety of different reasons, with the majority preferring the first. (According to astronomical data, the options are AD 27, 30, 33, or 34.) The date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died for our sins, however, is something we wish to put out as evidence.

Although it is unknown and irrelevant, this does not rule out further investigation.

The Gentile physician turned historian and gifted biographer of early Christianity, Luke, is the Gospel writer who emphasizes this point the most emphatically.

The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began

Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.

The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”

The Length of Jesus’s Ministry

To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a possible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (possibly four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:

  • In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
  • In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
  • And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
  • 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)

This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.

If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.

The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:

Nisan 15 AD 30 John 2:13
Nisan 15 AD 31 Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)
Nisan 15 AD 32 John 6:4
Nisan 15 AD 33 John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified

Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover

It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.

33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.

Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.

April 2 Nissan 14 Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall) Day of Passover preparation Last Supper
April 3 Nissan 15 Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall) Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins Crucifixion
April 4 Nissan 16 Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall) Sabbath
April 5 Nissan 17 Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall) First day of the week Resurrection

Conclusion

The computations in the preceding section may look difficult, but in a nutshell, the reasoning goes as follows:

HISTORICAL INFORMATION YEAR
Beginning of Tiberius’s reign AD 14
Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry AD 28
A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry AD 29
Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion AD 33 (April 3)

While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.

As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.

Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.

Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position. Andreas Köstenberger and he have written a book together called The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week in the Life of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived (Crossway, 2014).

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There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.

Cultural Information to Keep in Mind

1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.

This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.

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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial

The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.

In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.

Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).

As it happened, they placed Jesus there since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was close by (John 19:42).

What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?

Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.

  • Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
  • Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
  • Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
  • Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
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What Time Did Jesus Die?

According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.

Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John

  • The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
  • Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”

What Year Did Jesus Die?

During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.

Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.

“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.

I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.

3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death

Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.

  1. The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
  2. We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
  3. The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
  4. 2.
  5. John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
  6. In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
  7. 3.

Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.

7 Clues Tell Us *Precisely* When Jesus Died (the Year, Month, Day, and Hour Revealed)

When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be? Is it possible to pinpoint the precise date? We are in the midst of our yearly commemoration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which began on Easter Sunday. All of us are aware that something like this occurred in Jerusalem during the first century. That distinguishes Jesus from mythological pagan deities, who were said to have lived in places and at times that no one could pinpoint precisely. When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be?

We have the ability to do so.

Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas

According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.

Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate

All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?

Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”

The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.

36.

Clue4: Crucified on a Friday

There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), immediately before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they required for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).

In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.

The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer. Pesaim iv. 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation). There were still a significant number of Fridays between A.D. 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated. Is it possible to figure out which one it is?

Clue5: A Friday at Passover

It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.

  1. It was still early in the morning.
  2. As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
  3. There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
  4. Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
  5. In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
  6. No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
  7. The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D.
  • Monday, April 18, the year 29
  • Friday, April 7, the year 30
  • Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
  • Monday, April 14, the year 32
  • Friday, April 3, the year 33
  • Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
  • Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
  • And Saturday, March 31, the year 36

As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?

Clue6: John’s Three Passovers

During Jesus’ career, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers: the first, the second, and the third.

  • Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.

That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.

29) and the next year’s Passover because there is insufficient time. The numbers don’t add up in this case. Consequently, the conventional date of Jesus’ death—Friday, April 3, AD 33-must be accepted as the true date. Is it possible to be any more specific?

Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”

Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.

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This is the exact moment it occurred.

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The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.

The Day Christ Died – Was it on a Thursday or Friday?

Following the teachings of Jesus, Christian tradition places his final lunch with his followers on Thursday evening and his crucifixion on Friday, which we name “Good Friday.” We now know that there is a one-day holiday. Wednesday night was Jesus’ final dinner, and he was crucified on Thursday, the 14th of the Hebrew month Nisan, the following day. The actual Passover dinner was served on Thursday night, at sundown, to mark the beginning of the 15th of Nisan. That Passover supper was never consumed by Jesus.

  1. on Thursday afternoon, according to his family.
  2. This alternate chronology allows all of our parts from our different sources, including the Synoptic Gospels, the Gospel of John, and the Gospel of Peter, to fit together seamlessly and accurately.
  3. Everyone concluded that the allusion to “the Sabbath” had to be referring to Saturday, which meant that the crucifixion had to have taken place on a Friday.
  4. In the year 30 AD, Friday, the 15th of the Jewish month of Nisan, was also a Sabbath, resulting in two Sabbaths occurring back to back – Friday and Saturday – for the first time in recorded history.
  5. As is typically the case, the gospel of John retains a more exact chronology of what transpired during the time period under consideration.
  6. John is well aware that the Jews would be gathering for their customary Seder supper on Thursday night.
  7. Some have even suggested that Jesus may have eaten the Passover feast a day early, knowing full well that he would die the next day.

However, the truth remains that Jesus did not partake in the Passover supper in 30 CE.

He had been hurriedly interred in a tomb until after the celebration, when formal and complete Jewish funeral procedures could be carried out in accordance with tradition.

As an example, in Luke, Jesus tells his disciples at the final meal: “I sincerely want to share this Passover with you before I suffered, but I will not share it until the fulfillment of this Passover in the kingdom of God” (Luke 22:14).

Furthermore, all of our sources state that Jesus shared “a loaf of bread” with his followers, using the Greek term (artos) that refers to an ordinary loaf, not the unleavened flat bread or matzos that Jews eat during their Passover feasts.

If this meal had been the Passover supper, Paul would have wanted to say something like that, but he doesn’t want to.

Sanhedrin 67a and 43a)

In what year did Jesus die?

QuestionAnswer The death of Jesus and the subsequent resurrection of Jesus are the most significant events in human history since the beginning of time. God used the death of Christ to reconcile people who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin and “presentedholy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation” (Colossians 1:21–22) those who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin. And God has compassionately “given us new birth into a live hope” as a result of Christ’s resurrection (1 Peter 1:3).

  1. We can, however, figure it out with a reasonable degree of precision.
  2. It is believed that Herod the Great died in 4 BC, which corresponds to the death of Herod the Great, who served as procurator of Judaea from 47 BC to 4 BC.
  3. It is possible to identify the year in which Jesus died based on a variety of different criteria.
  4. In the year AD 14, Tiberius was proclaimed emperor.
  5. Pontius Pilate is believed to have governed Judea between AD 26 and AD 36.
  6. There is also an argument for a more recent date (April 7, AD 30), which is based on the fact that John the Baptist’s ministry began more recently (and an assumed co-regency of Tiberias and Augustus).
  7. Even while a great deal has transpired on the international stage since Christ’s time, nothing has ever surpassed the scope and significance of what occurred in AD 33—the death and resurrection of the Savior of the world.

When Was Jesus Born, and When Did He Die?

While Christians commemorate Christmas and Easter on an annual basis, few are aware of the dates on which Jesus was born and when he was crucified. Not that any significant theology is founded on the calculations presented here, but it is comforting to know that we may have fair confidence in the dates of Jesus’ birth and death, which can be determined from a mix of biblical and extrabiblical historical facts, as demonstrated below. I may not be prepared to put my life on the line for the accuracy of the information provided below, but I am confident enough in my calculations to have my van’s license plate displayed as follows: 5BC–AD33.

(the most authoritative treatment of this topic that I am aware of is Paul L.

Maier, “The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus’ Life,” in As a side note, this would give Herod (who died in 4 B.C.) ample time to prepare his campaign to have all the boys two years old and younger in Bethlehem and the surrounding area slaughtered, as well as for Jesus to be born (see Matt 2:16, 19).

33.

14 is the date given by both Tacitus (Annales4 4) and Suetonius (Tiberius73) as the beginning of Tiberius’ reign.

However, this date is inaccurate (the correct date being August 19, which is the day of Emperor Augustus’ death). As a result, dating from August 19, A.D. 14, the 15th year of Tiberius’ rule gets us to the year A.D. 29 (14 plus 15 = 29).

According to the Gospels

The Bible states that Jesus was “around 30 years old” when he began his public ministry in Luke 3:23. If Jesus was born in 5 B.C. (as argued above) and began his public ministry shortly after the death of John the Baptist (that is, in the latter part of the year A.D. 29), as indicated by all four Gospels, this would mean that Jesus was approximately 33 years old when he began his public ministry (see H. W. Hoehner, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, 31–37; and B. Messner, “‘In the Fifteenth According to John’s Gospel, Jesus appeared during at least three Passovers: (1) in Jerusalem (2:13, 23); (2) in Galilee (6:4); and (3) once again in Jerusalem (2:13, 23).

  • There’s also a good chance he went to a fourth Passover that wasn’t documented in John but was recorded in the Synoptics (Matt 12:1 pars.?
  • If Jesus began his preaching in late A.D.
  • 33, according to the calendar.
  • 30 and 33 are the only possible dates for Jesus’ crucifixion in terms of the date of Passover in these two years (for more information on the dating of the four Passovers in question, see, for example, C.
  • Humphreys and W.
  • Waddington, “The Jewish Calendar, a Lunar Eclipse, and the Date of Christ’s Crucifixion,” Tyndale Bulletin After all is said and done, John 2:20 states that the temple was completed 46 years ago (for this translation see A.
  • Köstenberger, John, pages 109–10).

(Antiquities15.11.1 380), Josephus records that the temple structure itself was renovated, with the work completed 18 months later, in 18/17 B.C (Antiquities15.11.6 421).

and adding 46 years leads us to A.D.

To learn more about Johannine chronology, check the chart in A.

Köstenberger, John (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004), 11–13, and the commentary at 1:19 and 2:20, as well as the prior post on Johannine chronology here.

W.

J B Green, S McKnight, and I H Marshall; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1992), pgs.

Also,.

What year did Jesus die?

However, although the Bible does not specify the date of Jesus’ birth or death, we can infer this information from other historical data. From 47 BC until his death in 4 BC, Herod the Great ruled over the kingdom of Judaea. In the aftermath of Herod’s death, Joseph and Mary were visited by an angel, who assured them that it was safe for them to return to the region (Matthew 2:19–23). In light of these dates, we may estimate that Jesus was born between 6 and 4 BC (for additional information on BC and AD, please visit our article “What do BC and AD (Bc and AD) represent?”).

  • Tiberius began governing in AD 12 as co-regent with Augustus Caesar, however he was not officially recognized as emperor until AD 14 when he was designated as such.
  • As a result, Jesus’ earthly career came to an end about AD 29 or 30.
  • (Mark 14:12).
  • After putting all of this material together, we arrive at either April 7 AD 30 or April 3 AD 33 as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion.
  • According to the most conservative estimates, Jesus would have died in AD 33, making his mission more than three and a half years lengthy and beginning at least a year after John the Baptist began his preaching.
  • It is true that the event of God becoming a man on earth, leading a blameless life, dying on the cross as a sacrifice for our sins, and rising from the dead is the defining moment in history and the turning point in human history.
  • What matters is that each individual comprehends the importance of Jesus’ death on the cross for their sins and subsequent resurrection in power over all things, including death (Colossians 1:21–22).
  • To be saved, all we must do is place our trust in Jesus Christ as our Savior and Lord (John 3:16–18; Romans 10:9; Ephesians 2:8–9), and we shall be saved.
  • Who has responsibility for the killing of Jesus Christ?

What year did Jesus Christ come into the world? What do we know about the historical Jesus, the one who lived and died? Who exactly is Jesus? Is it true that Jesus rose from the dead? Was Jesus Christ truly raised from the dead? Return to the page: The Truth About Jesus Christ.

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The traditional teaching within the church is that Jesus was crucified on a Friday, and churches commonly observe the Friday before Easter Sunday as the day of Jesus’ death. However, observing the Friday before Easter Sunday as the day of Jesus’ death is a matter of church tradition rather than biblical fact. In the Bible, it is stated unequivocally that Jesus spent three days and three nights in the grave:

Matt. 12:40 for just as JONAH WAS THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE BELLY OF THE SEA MONSTER, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

In Jewish counting, the terms “day” and “night” relate to periods of light and darkness inside a 24-hour day, respectively. As a result, any portion of the daylight hours counts as a “day,” and any portion of the nighttime hours counts as a “night.” As a result, to include “three days and three nights,” it is necessary to include at least a portion of three different daytime and overnight periods. But, on what day of the week should we start counting down from? While the Bible does not specify the day of the week Jesus died on, it does specify the day on which Jesus resurrected from the grave.

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Luke 24:1 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared.Luke 24:2 And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb,Luke 24:3 but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.

Sunday is the first day of the week according to the Jewish calendar, and according to the Bible, the tomb was discovered empty on a Sunday morning. In order to get to the day of Jesus’ death, we must count backward three days and three nights from Sunday to arrive at the day of his death. Sunday daylight, on the other hand, cannot be included since the Bible states that Jesus was out of the grave before the sun rose on Sunday. For this reason, beginning with the Saturday evening period, we count back three daylight periods and three overnight periods to arrive at the current time.

  • On Saturday, one night will be spent and one day will be spent on Saturday, Friday nighttime will be spent and two days will be spent on Friday, and Thursday nighttime will be spent and three days will be spent on Thursday, and Friday daytime will be spent and three days will be spent on Thursday, and so on.

If Jesus remained in the tomb for three days and three nights and then rose from the dead before the break of dawn on Sunday, there is just not enough time for him to have died on a Friday and risen before the break of light on the following Sunday. It is required that Jesus be killed on a Thursday, according to Matthew 12:40. However, wasn’t the day after Jesus’ death a Sabbath? No doubt, but according to the Bible, the day after Jesus’ crucifixion was not a typical Saturday Sabbath, but rather a “high day” Sabbath.

John 19:31Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

In the context of feast observances, a special Sabbath day is defined as one that occurs on a certain day of the week, independent of the day of the week on which the feast is observed. Passover commemorates Jesus’ death, and the Jewish festival of Passover is usually followed the next day by another Jewish festival known as the Feast of Unleavened Bread. According to scripture (Lev 23:6-8), the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread is always a high day Sabbath, which corresponds to the Bible’s witness that the day after Jesus’ death was a Sabbath.

Following the keeping of the Sabbath on Friday, which was a high holy day, followed the observance of the regular weekly Sabbath on Saturday.

More importantly, according to the Gospel of John (12:12), Jesus paid visits to Martha, Mary, and Lazarus six days before Passover, and the next day (that is, five days before Passover), Jesus entered Jerusalem:

John 12:1Jesus, therefore, six days before the Passover, came to Bethany where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.John 12:12On the next day the large crowd who had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,John 12:13 took the branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him, and began to shout, “Hosanna! BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD, even the King of Israel.”

To put it another way, if Jesus arrived in Jerusalem on the fifth day before Passover, which happened to be a Sunday (as is generally observed), then Passover occurred on a Thursday (counting Sunday to Thursday). By examining lunar data from the second and third decades of the first century, we are able to confirm that the death occurred on a Thursday for the last time. According to lunar activity, Jewish feasts are celebrated on specific days of the week. For example, in the year Jesus died, the day of Passover began Wednesday night and ended Thursday at sunset, and the seven-day feast of Unleavened Bread began the next day, on a Friday.

As a result, if we count from Thursday afternoon to Saturday night, we will discover three days and three nights, just as prescribed by Scripture.

Please watch our lesson from the Gospel of Matthew Bible study for a more in-depth overview of the events that took place during the week leading up to Jesus’ death.

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On the basis of the biblical record, we can guesstimate the day of Jesus’ death as follows: 1. According to Matthew, Jesus was born during the reign of Herod the Great. History records that Herod died in 4 BC, so Jesus must be born on or before 4 BC. Jesus Christ (Matthew 2:1) 2. Jesus was born about two years before Herod died (see Matthew 2:13-16), so Jesus was born around 6 BC. 3. Luke states Jesus started His career at the age of 30 (Luke 3:23), consequently Jesus started His mission between AD 24-25.

  1. Jesus’ ministry covered three years on the earth (by counting Passover feasts in the Gospels), so Jesus dies at the age of 33, which means His death must have been between AD 27-28.
  2. The Gospels state Jesus was risen before sunrise on the first day of the week, Sunday (Luke 24:1), and He remained in the grave three days and three nights (Matthew 12:40).
  3. Counting backward from Sunday, we discover Jesus died during the daylight hours of a Thursday afternoon.
  4. Passovers begin each year at dusk on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Nisan (new days begin at nightfall by Jewish reckoning) (new days begin at sundown by Jewish reckoning).
  5. Consulting theastronomical records, we find only one year when Passover fell within the window of opportunity required by scripture.

Therefore, Jesus was crucified onThursday, April 10, AD 27. Based on the Jewish calendar, the 2,000th anniversary of Jesus’ death will take place onThursday, April 22, 2027. Watch ourGospel of Matthew teachingon this issue for more information.

Quake Reveals Day of Jesus’ Crucifixion

According to the New Testament, Jesus was most likely crucified on Friday, April 3, 33 A.D., according to the historical record. The most recent analysis, which was published in the journal International Geology Review, was focused on earthquake activity near the Dead Sea, which is located 13 miles from the Israeli capital of Jerusalem. The earthquake that occurred at the crucifixion is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 27: “And after Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.” The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same time.

To better understand earthquake activity in the region, geologists Jefferson Williams of Supersonic Geophysical and Markus Schwab and Achim Brauer of the German Research Center for Geosciences examined three cores taken from the beach of the Ein Gedi Spa, which is located adjacent to the Dead Sea.

In the sediments, varves, which are annual layers of deposition, reveal that the core was affected by at least two major earthquakes: a widespread earthquake that occurred in 31 B.C.

Specifically, Williams noted that the latter time happened during “the years when Pontius Pilate was procurator of Judea and during the era when the earthquake in the Gospel of Matthew is factually restricted.” It is known with a good degree of clarity when the crucifixion (also known as Good Friday) took place, according to him.

In terms of textual indications concerning the date of the crucifixion, Williams cited a Nature research written by Colin Humphreys and Graeme Waddington that was published in 2011.

  • All four gospels, as well as Tacitus’ Annals (XV,44), agree that the crucifixion took place during Pontius Pilate’s tenure as procurator of Judea, which lasted from 26 to 36 AD. Every one of the four gospels claims that Jesus was crucified on a Friday. Each of the four gospels agrees that Jesus died a few hours before sunset on Friday, marking the beginning of the Jewish Sabbath. It appears that Jesus died before nightfall on the 14th day of Nisan
  • This would have been just in time to begin serving the Passover meal. John’s gospel, however, differs from the synoptic accounts, apparently indicating that Jesus died before nightfall on the 15th day of Nisan
  • This would have been just in time to begin serving the Passover meal.

Taking into account information from the Jewish calendar and astronomical calculations, the researchers were able to come up with a number of plausible dates, with Friday, April 3, 33 AD, being the most accurate match, according to the researchers. For the sake of simplicity, Williams and his team acknowledge that the seismic activity associated with the crucifixion could refer to “an earthquake that occurred sometime before or after the crucifixion and was in effect ‘borrowed’ by the author of the Gospel of Matthew, and a local earthquake between 26 and 36 A.D.

Williams is looking at another another natural occurrence that might be connected with the crucifixion – the occurrence of darkness.

Such darkness, according to him, may have been brought on by a dust storm.

Williams is looking at whether or not there are dust storm deposits in the sediments associated with the earthquake that struck the Jerusalem region in the early first century. Discovery News contributed the information for this article.

When did Jesus die?

Every year around Easter and Christmas, Christians commemorate the birth and death of Jesus by sharing chocolate, presents, and quality time with their loved ones, respectively. But when was Jesus truly born, and what is the significance of the holiday of Easter, exactly? 2 Good Friday is a Christian feast that commemorates Jesus Christ’s crucifixion and death.

When was Jesus born?

The birth of Jesus Christ is typically commemorated on December 25th, often known as Christmas Day. A few of Orthodox Christians commemorate his birth on the 7th of January, which falls earlier in the month. It turns out that Jesus was most likely not born on December 25th; rather, he was most likely born around the spring or fall seasons. Nobody is certain of the actual day of the birth, and the bible makes no mention of a certain date either. When the Roman Emperor Constantine – the first Christian Roman Emperor – decreed that Christmas should be celebrated on December 25, 336, it became the first known instance of Christmas being observed on that day.

When did Jesus die?

On Good Friday, those who believe in the Bible believe that Christ was crucified on the cross at Calvary. As recorded in the New Testament of the Bible, the celebration of Easter takes place three days after Jesus was crucified by the Romans. 2 An actor simulating Jesus Christ’s crucifixion – his death is commemorated by Christians all over the world on the occasion of Easter Sunday. Three days after Christ was nailed to the cross, Mary Magdalene, who was accompanied by several of Jesus’ companions, found that Jesus’ corpse had vanished from the tomb, leaving only his garments behind.

It is said in the Bible that when the stone around the entrance to the tomb was raised, Jesus’ corpse was nowhere to be found, and spectators realized that Jesus had risen from the dead.

What happened to Jesus during Easter?

Easter is a Christian custom that commemorates Jesus’ resurrection and marks the conclusion of the Lenten season. On Easter Sunday, Christians believe that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, was raised from the dead. Easter will be observed on April 4, 2021, in this year’s calendar. However, while the event is usually celebrated on a Sunday, the exact date differs depending on when the first full moon follows the spring equinox.

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