How Many Brothers and Sisters Did Jesus Have?
When it came to Joseph and Mary’s household in Nazareth, who was there? Are we to believe that Jesus was an only child in the family, or if there were brothers and sisters, what was their status in regard to Him? His siblings and sisters are frequently mentioned by the gospel authors. What were the names of Jesus’ siblings? This is a matter that has been debated since the beginning of time, and many lengthy writings have been published on the subject. Due to theological reasons related to the perpetual virginity of the Lord’s mother, denominational difficulties, and the canonicity of non-apostolic epistles, it has been difficult to have an objective discussion on the subject.
Bible Verses about Jesus’ Brother and Sisters
Let us begin by summarizing what we know about the brothers and sisters of the Lord from the Scriptures of the New Testament. Their names are found in Matthew 12:46-50, 13:55-56, Mark 3:31, 6:3, and Luke 8:19, as well as John 2:12, 7:3, Acts 1:14, and 1 Corinthians 9:5, and Paul refers to a James the Lord’s brother (Galatians 1:19). There appear to have been four brothers who are listed in Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the evidence (seeMark 6:3). The sisters are mentioned in Matthew and Mark, although neither the number nor the names of the sisters are recorded.
They were reportedly married and living in Nazareth at the time of Christ’s death.
They are first described as traveling to Capernaum with His mother and Himself (John 2:12).
Most claim that they were converted to Christianity as a result of His resurrection, since they appear in the company of the Apostles (Acts 1:14).
The following is an adaptation of The Life of Our Lord on the Earth by Samuel James Andrews.
Who Were Jesus’ Brothers?
Those of us who have siblings are well aware of the toll they may have on our ability to remain calm under pressure. I recall thinking as a youngster that I would have sinned significantly less if I had not been given siblings. I was probably right. Of course, knowing me, I would’ve sinned regardless, but I had a strong belief in this idea for many years before I realized it. Our first thoughts aren’t often about Jesus’ brothers and sisters; they’re more typically on Jesus himself. As a result, we tend to think of Jesus as an only child throughout his early years, in a stable and a manger, which makes it easy to overlook that Mary and Joseph had numerous children after Jesus arrives.
This would indicate that they may have had a number of children before Joseph died, if not enough to fill an entire homeschool passenger van.
But who are the brothers and sisters of Jesus Christ? Are there any of them that we get the chance to meet in the Bible? And what unanticipated insights may we get from Jesus’ brothers and sisters?
Did Jesus Have a Twin?
In a nutshell, no. After the birth of Jesus, the Bible makes it plain that Joseph and Mary did not have sexual relations until after the birth of Jesus (Matthew 1:25). Despite this, the belief that Jesus has a twin brother continues to pervade churches today. The notion that Jesus had a twin called “Didymus Judas Thomas” is completely absurd, especially in light of the fact that Joseph and Mary did not engage in sexual intercourse until after the birth of Jesus. Jesus, on the other hand, did not grow up in a family without siblings and sisters.
Let’s have a look at some of the names of Jesus’ brothers and sisters that appear in the Bible.
Jesus’ Brother and Sister Names
In the Bible, we don’t have any names that are similar to ours. Women’s names are rarely mentioned in the Bible, unless they had major parts in the story, such as the judge Deborah or Mary the mother of Jesus, who were both mentioned. Consider some of the scriptures that refer to Jesus’ brothers and sisters. While Jesus was still speaking to the multitude, his mother and brothers remained outside the door, waiting for an opportunity to speak with him. Matthew 12:46 As a result of the verses below, we know that Jesus had sisters.
- “How did he obtain all of these things?” you might wonder.
- What is now happening to some of these brothers will be discussed in detail later.
- The number of children he has is not specified in the Gospels.
- Joseph was most likely deceased, and she need Jesus to serve as the home’s head of household.
- Regardless of one’s objections, Scripture refers to these individuals as Jesus’ siblings, and for the sake of this essay, we will refer to them as half-siblings.
What Happened to Jesus’ Brothers and Sisters?
Although Mary initially supports Jesus’ work, when difficult circumstances arise, she urges him to step back and return home to care for his family, according to the Matthew 12verse. In the New Testament, we don’t learn anything about what happened to Jesus’ family until much later in the book of Matthew. The New Testament story is dominated by two of Jesus’ brothers, James and Jude, and we know that they play a significant role in it. As we have seen, James and Jude must have had some reservations about Jesus at initially since they arrive with Mary in order to stop Jesus from continuing his teachings.
- Following his conversion, James becomes the pastor of a church in Jerusalem, and he later goes on to write the Book of James.
- A stone or a fall from the Temple tower is used to bring him to his death.
- The Book of Jude, as you would have guessed.
- Beyond the fact that Jude converted after Jesus returned to the Father’s presence in heaven, we don’t know much about his life.
As far as the rest of Jesus’ siblings are concerned, we know that many of them have converted and gone on to perform missionary travels themselves (1 Corinthians 9:5). Whether or not they all decided to have a saving connection with him is unknown, but it is likely that a significant number do so.
3 Lessons from Jesus’ Brothers
In spite of the fact that we don’t get to learn much about Jesus’ siblings and sisters in Scripture, we may take away a number of important truths from them. First and foremost, Jesus’ relationship with his siblings demonstrates that he fully comprehends every element of our existence. He understands what it’s like to grow up in a family with folks who don’t always agree with you. Even though ancient Israel did not have the same individualistic worldview as we have now, there was nonetheless sibling rivalry and competitiveness between brothers and sisters.
- Second, even Jesus’ siblings expressed skepticism.
- Until after Jesus has ascended back into heaven, James and Jude do not accept him as their Lord and Savior.
- We may take consolation from Jesus’ example, knowing that even his own family did not stand by him during his trial.
- This might provide encouragement to those of us who have family members who have not yet made a commitment to Christ in their life.
- Both of them are New Testament authors that compose books for the New Testament.
- That exemplifies real dedication.
- In the end, many of us are stubborn and stubbornness can stand in the way of developing a positive relationship with others.
Perhaps, like Jesus’ half-brothers and half-sisters, they will come to understand the magnificent lovingkindness of our Lord.
When it comes to our siblings, we should ask God for patience and prayer.
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This page is a part of ourPeople of Christianitycatalog, which tells the tales, explains the meaning, and highlights the significance of well-known figures from the Bible and throughout history.
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Deborah was a biblical character.
Who was she? Was Moses a historical figure or a mythical one? The Bible tells the story of King Solomon. In the Bible, who was Lot’s wife and what was her name? The Biblical character Jezebel was a woman named Jezebel. Who Was the Prodigal Son, and What Was His Story?
Did Jesus have any brothers, sisters or siblings?
Throughout history, there has been great debate about the precise nature of their link to Jesus and his apostles. Consequently, the issue remains: Did Jesus have siblings? There have been three main points of view put forward: They have been identified as (1) Jesus’ actual siblings/brothers, that is, half-brothers, sons of Joseph and Mary (and therefore younger than Jesus); (2) His stepbrothers, that is, children of Joseph by a previous marriage (and thus all older than Jesus and not His blood relatives at all); (3) Jesus’ cousins, either on the mother’s side or on the father’s side, depending on who you believe.
Where exactly was Jesus’ birthplace?
Three views about Jesus’ siblings
Some adhere to the first viewpoint, arguing that it is the most natural way to interpret the multiple allusions to these brothers, as well as the most evident intention of Matthew 1:25 and Luke 2:7. Second, those who believe in family ethics claim that younger siblings should not be permitted to mock or otherwise interfere with an older brother in the same way that Jesus’ brothers ridiculed Him (see Mark 3:31; John 7:3-4). Moreover, they argue, Jesus’ decision to entrust His mother’s care to the apostle John (John 19:26-27), rather than to one of His brothers, clearly shows that Mary did not have any other children.
Their relationship as cousins on Mary’s side is predicated on the unconfirmed identification of “Mary, the wife of Cleophus” with Mary’s sister (John 19:25; Mark 15:40), as well as the unsubstantiated relationship between “Clopas” and Alphaeus (John 19:25; Mark 15:40).
Jesus’ brothers, sistersmother
Several of Jesus’ siblings are reported as joining him and his mother to Capernaum following their marriage at Cana (Matthew 19:9). (John 2:12). The next year, Mary and these brothers are mentioned as attempting to have an audience with Jesus (Matthew 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21). A few chapters before the conclusion of Jesus’ public career, His brethren are recorded as asking Jesus to demonstrate His Messiahship, which they themselves had questioned (John 7:3-5). Their conversion is obvious from the fact that they are portrayed in Acts as joining with the disciples and others in “prayer and supplication” before to the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1–3).
Paul makes the implication that they were all married (1 Corinthians 9:5).
Also widely held to be the case is that James the brother of Jesus was the spiritual leader of the early church in Jerusalem (see Acts 12:17; 15:13).
How many brothers and sisters did Jesus have?
What was the total number of brothers and sisters that Jesus had? I’m aware that James was His younger brother.
Despite the fact that the New Testament informs us that Jesus had four brothers, it does not provide information on how many sisters He had. Isn’t this the carpenter’s son, or something? Isn’t His mother, Mary, and his brothers, James and Joseph, as well as Simon and Judas, all named Mary? And His sisters, aren’t they all here with us as well? (NASB) The Bible says in Matthew 13:55-56:
James was Jesus’ first sibling, and he was born in Bethlehem. According to the apostle Paul, he was a member of the apostles’ group. I did not, however, see any of the apostles other than James, the Lord’s brother, and that was a disappointment. The church in Jerusalem was led by him, and he was its spiritual leader (Acts 12:17; 15:13). We also think that this brother was the author of the book of James in the New Testament.
This sibling was given the name of Jesus’ paternal grandfather. Normally, we would expect Jesus to be called after his father, but Joseph was instructed by an angel to name Him Jesus. “In a dream, an angel of the Lord came to him and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be frightened to take Mary as your wife, for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.” As a result, she will get pregnant and give birth to a son, whom you will name Jesus, because it is He who will redeem His people from their sins.” (NASB) Matthew 1:20–21 (NASB) This brother went by two different names.
Jesus also goes by the name Joses, which may be found in Mark 6:3).
We don’t know anything about this sibling of Jesus’s background.
This brother goes by the name of Jude as well. He was not the betrayer Judas Iscariot. We assume this brother is the author of the book of Jude because he refers to himself as James’ brother in the book. A bond-servant of Jesus Christ and brother of James, Jude is a man of faith who. (NASB) Jude 1The heart of this guy is revealed in the book of Jude. He was making an effort to maintain his religion. He was a devout Christian who devoted his life to God.
It is revealed in Scripture that His brothers did not believe in Him in the outset. not even His brothers were believing in Him at the time of His death. (NASB) 7:5 (John 7:5) Did they all come to trust in Jesus in the end? We don’t know what to say. However, the Bible does disclose that at least two of Jesus’ brothers were Christians: James, who was an apostle, and Jude, who was a disciple. Scripture doesn’t provide us with any further information on His other brothers and sisters, either.
I’m curious when the notion in Mary’s everlasting virginity first gained traction. God is being sought after.
What Happened to Jesus’ ‘Brothers’?
I’m curious when the belief in Mary’s permanent virginity first became popular. God’s presence is sought.
The other disciples
Following the Gospels, the disciples are only briefly mentioned in the New Testament. We have only legends to go on for further details, some of which are questionable. Andrew, Peter’s brother, is said to have preached in Asia Minor, Thrace, and Greece before being crucified on an X-shaped cross, according to a tenth-century account. He was regarded as the founder of the church in Constantinople, and he may have had a connection to the development of written language.
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Did Jesus have brothers and sisters (siblings)?
QuestionAnswer More than a few verses in the Bible make reference to Jesus’ brothers. A visit by Jesus’ mother and brothers is recorded in three different Bible passages: Matthew 12:46, Luke 8:19, and Mark 3:31. The Bible teaches us that Jesus had four brothers: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the book of Matthew (Matthew 13:55). Although the Bible says that Jesus had sisters, they are neither named or counted in the book of Matthew (Matthew 13:56). In John 7:1-10, Jesus’ brothers accompany him to the feast, while he remains at home.
- James, according to Galatians 1:19, was Jesus’ younger brother.
- Some Roman Catholics believe that these “brothers” were actually Jesus’ cousins, rather than his siblings.
- While the word can apply to other relatives as well, its conventional and literal meaning is a physical brother in the traditional sense.
- If they were Jesus’ cousins, why were they so frequently represented as being with Mary, Jesus’ mother, if they were Jesus’ cousins?
- It is also possible, according to a second Roman Catholic theory, that Jesus’ brothers and sisters were the offspring of Joseph from a prior relationship.
- There is a difficulty with this because the Bible makes no mention of Joseph being previously married or having children before he married Mary.
- No scriptural basis exists to assume that these siblings are anything other than the biological children of Joseph and Mary, as is commonly believed.
- “And he named Him Jesus,” the Bible says (Matthew 1:25).
In God’s Word, there is a clear and unequivocal teaching on the subject of marriage. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Is it possible that Jesus had brothers and sisters (siblings)?
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QuestionAnswer Many Bible texts refer to Jesus’ brothers, including Matthew and Luke. A visit by Jesus’ mother and brothers is recorded in three different Bible passages: Matthew 12:46, Luke 8:19, and Mark 3:11. James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the Bible are Jesus’ four brothers (Matthew 13:55). Although the Bible says that Jesus had sisters, they are neither named or counted in the book of Luke (Matthew 13:56). When Jesus’ brothers leave for the celebration, the story is told in John 7:1-10.
- James was the brother of Jesus, according to Galatians 1:19.
- The “brothers” in question, according to certain Roman Catholics, were actually the relatives of Jesus.
- While the term can be used to refer to other relatives, its conventional and literal meaning is a physical brother in the traditional sense.
- If they were Jesus’ cousins, why were they so frequently associated with Mary, Jesus’ mother, if they were not?
- It is also possible, according to a second Roman Catholic theory, that Jesus’ brothers and sisters were the offspring of Joseph from a prior relationship.
- Unfortunately, the Bible makes no mention of Joseph being married or having children prior to his marriage to Mary, which creates a difficulty.
- No scriptural evidence exists to support the notion that these siblings are anything other than the biological children of Joseph and his wife Mary.
- In addition to Jesus’ full siblings, he also had half-siblings, half-brothers, and half-sisters, all of whom were Joseph and Mary’s offspring.
Exactly like that, God’s Word teaches in a plain and unmistakable manner. to:Jesus Christ: Do You Have Any Questions? Whether or not Jesus had brothers and sisters (brothers and sisters), it is unclear.
How many siblings did Jesus have?
QuestionAnswer Two verses in the Bible provide us with information on Jesus’ brothers and sisters. “When he returned to his hometown, he began teaching the people in their synagogue, and they were astounded.” Matthew 13:54–57 states that the people were amazed. What they wanted to know was, “Where did this man receive this intelligence and these incredible powers?” ‘Isn’t this the son of the carpenter? What if his mother’s name is Mary, and his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas aren’t named the same as him?
- ‘So, where did this man obtain all of these things?’ I wondered.
- ‘The brother of James,’ according to Jude 1:1, is the epistle’s author and subject.
- It is likely that both James and Jude (Judas) were among the group of siblings who were initially humiliated by their elder brother’s bold notoriety and then came to take Him home to their parents (Matthew 12:46).
- However, after seeing Jesus’ resurrection, His siblings became devout followers of the Lord.
- Another school of thought holds that the allusions to Jesus’ siblings merely relate to the fact that Joseph had children of his own prior to his marriage to Mary.
- Both theories, on the other hand, lack scriptural foundation, and there is no logical reason to assume that the siblings identified by name in Scripture were not the biological children of both Mary and Joseph.
- Questions about Matthew (return to top of page) How many brothers and sisters did Jesus have?
The Brothers of Jesus: Loving the Unbelieving Relative
“The Brothers of Jesus: Loving the Unbelieving Relative,” a publication from the Society of Jesus. The Ensign, March 1987, page 50 For many of us, we have a father or mother, a husband or wife, a brother or sister, a son or daughter who does not believe in the faith that we hold so dear. However, despite the fact that many sympathetic and useful lectures have been delivered on how to best manage this issue, I have never heard one that sought to explore how the Savior dealt with it in his own family.
- But even from the few instances that have been recorded, as well as from the end consequence of Jesus’ labors with his family, we may gain a great deal of insight.
- The names of the sisters have not been recorded, but the brothers were known by the names James (in Hebrew, Jacob), Joses (in Hebrew, Joseph, after his father), Simon, and Judas or Juda (in Hebrew, Juda) (also known as Jude).
- 13:55; see also Matthew 13:55).
- Although there is no biblical proof for this, it is widely believed.
- Immediately following the wedding at Cana (which, based on the roles played by Mary and Jesus at the feast, was almost certainly a close relative’s wedding), the entire family traveled with Jesus and his early followers to neighboring Capernaum, where they resided for a short period of time.
- “Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee,” writes the gospel writer Luke, describing the Savior’s first missionary journey: “And there went out a reputation of him throughout all the surrounding region.
- When he made his accusations, the crowd grew so enraged that they attempted to throw him from the cliff.
- (See Luke 4:16–30 for further information.) In spite of their exposure to his words and acts, “neither his brethren believed in him,” according to the sad fact of the situation.
- He screamed, “A prophet is not without respect in his own nation, and among his own kin, and in his own house,” despite the fact that he had established himself as a prophet and healer whose reputation had become well known across the area because of the Nazarenes’ sarcastic attitude.
- On one occasion, his mother and brothers interrupted a gathering in which he was preaching the gospel, and we may have caught a glimpse of it.
“Then his mother and brothers came to him, but they were prevented from approaching him because of the press.” And he was informed by a source who stated, “Thy mother and brethren are waiting outside, yearning to meet thee.” And he responded by saying, “My mother and my brethren are those who hear the word of God and put it into practice.” (See also Luke 8:19–21.) Some people have interpreted Jesus’ remarks as being harsh.
Although his family did not fully comprehend it at the time, the Savior knew what they did not: that the bonds of faith and covenant are stronger than the bonds of blood, and that his role as eldest son in the family, which they respected, was insignificant when compared to his role as Savior and Redeemer.
Abinadi taught the following about the Christ who would come: “When his soul has been offered as a sacrifice for sin, he will behold his seed.” And now, what are your thoughts?
all those who have heeded their words, and believed that the Lord would redeem his people, and have looked forward to that day for a forgiveness of their sins, I say unto you, that these are his seed.” (See Mosiah 15:10–11 for more information.) At Calvary, the Savior’s sadness and anguish at the betrayal of his earthly brethren were portrayed in a far more profound way.
- She also had four more boys, but none of them appeared to be around to console her.
- Only his lover John was with her at the time.
- It is necessary to follow the lives of the Savior’s brothers after the Crucifixion before we can think about what we can gain from his or her experience.
- (See 1 Corinthians 15:5–7 for further information.) We do not have access to the specifics of that reunion, but we do have access to the results.
- Their repentance resulted in them becoming dedicated followers of Christ—their oldest brother being the most prominent—and eventually great leaders in the early Christian church.
Luke then offers the following telling observation: “These all remained in prayer and supplication with one accord, with the women, and with Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.” (Read Acts 1:13–14 for more information.) Having finally done so, the brothers of the Lord had taken upon themselves his name and had really become members of his family!
Indeed, Paul implies that James was elevated to the position of Apostle.
“I went up to Jerusalem to meet Peter, and stayed with him for fifteen days,” he wrote of the event.
(See Galatians 1:18–19.) At another point in time, during a period of harsh persecution, Herod assassinated James the brother of John and imprisoned Peter in jail.
As soon as they finished recounting his escape, Peter commanded them to “go and shew these things unto James and to the brothers.” (See Acts 12:7–17 for further information.) A few years later, Paul and Barnabus traveled to Jerusalem to participate in a meeting that addressed Jewish criteria for gentile Christians.
(See Acts 15:6–31 for further information.) According to Paul, “James, Cephas, and John, who appeared to be pillars” were there at the time of the occurrence.
We hold James’ general epistle to the church in high regard, regardless of his precise position in the early church leadership.
(See James 1:5) In that epistle, he refers to himself not as the Lord’s brother, but as “James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ,” as opposed to “the Lord’s brother.” (See also James 1:1.) In spite of the fact that others called him and his brothers Jude, Simon, and Joses the “brethren of the Lord,” James was reluctant to assert his special kinship, preferring to be known simply as a servant of Christ.
- Another of the four brothers begins his epistle with the words “Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James,” which is similar to the first.
- One of Jude’s most outstanding traits is his acute awareness of his elder brother as both the past and future Lord—the Lord who took Israel out of Egypt and who destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, as well as the Lord who would return in the final days to execute vengeance on everyone.
- The apostle Jude fought alongside Peter and Paul against the increasing flood of heresy that threatened to bring the church to its knees during his own lifetime.
- What immense delight there must have been in heaven, and especially for the Savior, when these four brothers, each of whom repented, were welcomed into the kingdom of God.
- A family has never before faced the difficult task of accepting the fact that a close member has turned out to be the Saviour of the world.
- Moreover, just as Jesus of Nazareth loved sincerely and well, every disciple may love with hope and patience, just as Jesus did.
- Above all, we must never, ever give up on ourselves.
As it may be for our Jameses and Judes, our Sauls and Almas, and all of their female equivalents, the same may be true for us. In a personal and intimate way, Jesus himself suffered in order to be able to succor those who are also in need of assistance. (See Heb. 2:18 and Alma 7:12 for examples.)
Did Jesus Have Brothers and Sisters?
The marriage of God and Mary that resulted in the birth of Jesus was the outcome of a supernatural union. At the time of Jesus’ conception, she was still a virgin. Some believe that Mary was a virgin during her whole life, and that this is correct. According to this interpretation, Jesus would have been an only child. The Scriptures, on the other hand, reveal that Jesus had siblings and sisters of his own. Matthew’s Statements Earliest and foremost, the first chapter of Matthew provides the first evidence that Mary was not a virgin after the birth of Jesus.
- He had never had sexual intercourse with her and was well aware that the child was not his biological child.
- And he didn’t know her until she gave birth to a son, whom he called Jesus, according to what we’re told later (Matthew 1:25).
- As a result, this verse presents a compelling case against any notion of Mary’s permanent virginity.
- While he was still speaking to the throngs of people,.
- His assertions caused the people in His hometown of Nazareth to get enraged, we are informed on yet another occasion.
- “And aren’t his sisters here with us?” I inquire.
- There are three possible solutions to the mystery of who Jesus’ brothers and sisters are.
- There are three possible outcomes to consider.
- As a result of a prior marriage, there were children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus was born, resulting in His younger brothers and sisters (natural half-brothers and sisters)
- These were the offspring of Joseph from that previous marriage (step-brothers and sisters). This was the point of view of Epiphanius, a fourth-century supporter of Mary’s everlasting virginity who held this belief. It was also the point of view of the classical scholar Jerome at the time. The famous scholar Joseph Barber Lightfoot, among others, has defended this point of view in modern times, stating that they were cousins of Jesus rather than genuine brothers and sisters. They were the sons of Cleopas, who was purportedly Joseph’s brother or brother-in-law
- They were the sons of Cleopas
- And they were the sons of Joseph.
As a result of a prior marriage, there were children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus was born, resulting in His younger brothers and sisters (natural half-brothers and sisters); they were offspring of Joseph from a previous marriage (step-brothers and sisters). This was the position taken by Epiphanius, a fourth-century supporter of Mary’s everlasting virginity. According to Jerome, an ancient scholar, this was also his point of view as well.
The famous scholar Joseph Barber Lightfoot, among others, has defended this point of view in modern times, stating that they were cousins rather than genuine brothers and sisters of Jesus. Apparently, Cleopas was Joseph’s brother or brother-in-law, and they were the sons of Cleopas.
Did Jesus have brothers and sisters (siblings)?
Yes! Both brothers and sisters are mentioned by name in the Bible as belonging to Jesus. Because Joseph was younger than Jesus, they would all have been younger than Jesus “had no sexual relations with her (Mary) until she became the mother of a son And he gave Him the name Jesus as a result ” (Matthew 1:25). They were born after Jesus, as a result of the marriage of Mary and Joseph, who were both Jesus’ mother and earthly father at the time of His birth. As a result, they were legally his half-blood siblings, as they had a common mother, but Jesus’ actual Father is God in Heaven (Luke 2:29).
Biblical Evidence of BrothersSisters
It is recorded in the Scriptures that Jesus’ mother and brothers came to visit Him while He was teaching (Matthew 12:46; Luke 8:19; Mark 3:31). The identities of his four brothers are revealed in Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, to mention a few. James is also identified as a sibling of Jesus in Galatians 1:19. In Acts 1:14, the mother and brothers of Jesus are mentioned as being among those who prayed with the disciples. Although Jesus’ sisters are not mentioned by name or number in Matthew 13:56, they are mentioned nonetheless.
He was well aware that the Jews desired to have Him killed, but the moment had not yet arrived for this to occur, so Jesus remained in Galilee.
The Controversy of Cousins
It is recorded in the Bible that Jesus’ mother and brothers came to visit Him while He was teaching (Matthew 12:46, Luke 8:19, and Mark 3:31). The identities of his four brothers are revealed in Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, to mention a few examples. A sibling of Jesus, according to Galatians 1:19, is named as well. When the disciples are praying with the disciples in Acts 1:14, the mother and brothers of Jesus are mentioned. Although Jesus’ sisters are not mentioned by name or number in Matthew 13:56, they are mentioned nonetheless.
He was well aware that the Jews desired to have Him killed, but the moment had not yet arrived for this to occur, so Jesus remained in Galilee until the situation was resolved.
- What is the identity of Jesus Christ? Is Jesus the Son of God? Is Jesus our brother or sister? When did Jesus realize that He was the Son of God?
Both brothers and sisters are mentioned by name in the Bible as belonging to Jesus. Because Joseph was younger than Jesus, they would all have been younger than Jesus “had no sexual relations with her (Mary) until she became the mother of a son And he gave Him the name Jesus as a result ” (Matthew 1:25). They were born after Jesus, as a result of the marriage of Mary and Joseph, who were both Jesus’ mother and earthly father at the time of His birth. As a result, they were legally his half-blood siblings because they had a common mother, but Jesus’ actual Father is God in Heaven.
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Who Were the Brothers and Sisters of Jesus?
Now we’ll take a look at Jesus’ brothers and sisters and see what the Bible has to say about each of them.
In the Book of Exodus, we learn about the 10 plagues that God inflicted on the stubborn Egyptians in order to rescue the Hebrews from their oppressive rule. The plagues were terrible: water that turned to blood, locusts, gnats, and darkness, to mention a few examples of what was happening. The tenth plague, the last of the plagues, was the most terrible of them all. Because of this, God issued a fair warning: “I will send one more plague onto Pharaoh and upon Egypt.” After that, he will release you from his custody.
All firstborn in Egypt will perish, from Pharaoh who sits on his throne to the firstborn of the slave-girl who is working at a handmill, as well as all of the firstborn of the animals, according to this prophecy.
(12:12, for example) And thus it came to pass that the firstborn in the country of Egypt was murdered – both humans and beasts alike, it seemed.
3:13; et cetera) A procedure that God devised would be used to accomplish this task, in which the firstborn son of every marriage would need to be “redeemed” (committed) to God; therefore the name of the ritual, The Redemption of the First Born Son.or Pidyon Haben as it is known to modern-day Jews, is derived.
Unless the firstborn child is born to a male, the ritual is not performed: “Consecrate to me every firstborn; whatsoever opens the womb among the Israelites, whether of human being or beast, belongs to me.” It is necessary for you to ransom every human firstborn of your sons.” (Exodus 13:2 and 13) As a result of Jesus’ dedication to God at the age of thirty days, we can be certain that he had no older sisters or brothers: “When the days were completed for their purification according to the law of Moses, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, just as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male that opens the womb shall be consecrated to the Lord”!
(Lk 2:22-23; cf.
When it comes to younger siblings, this is also ineffective. When Jesus was dying on the cross and “seeing his mother and the disciple there whom he loved, he said to his mother, ‘Woman, look, here is your son,'” he said to his mother. Then he turned to the disciple and said, ‘Look, here is your mother.’ As a result, the disciple accepted her into his house from that point on” (Jn 19:26-27). According to Jewish tradition, younger siblings are expected to care for their parents after their elder siblings have passed away.
What’s the deal with John?
Perhaps he was the “one whom Jesus loved,” as the saying goes (Jn 13:23).
Then there’s Mary, who was described as having given birth to “her firstborn son” (Lk 2:7).
As a way of giving freely, Jesus declares, “Everything that the Father has is mine.” “For this reason, I told you that he will take from what is mine and disclose it to you” (Jn 16:15). Because “the Father and I are one,” as the saying goes (Jn 10:30).
Siblings By Name
So, who exactly are those brothers and sisters who are listed by name as belonging to Jesus in the Gospel of Mark? It is the carpenter who is being referred to, the son of Mary, and the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon. “Aren’t His sisters our neighbors here,” says Jesus in Mark 6:3. For Father William Saunders, “the mistake arises in Hebrew and Aramaic, the languages of most authentic Old Testament passages as well as the language of Christ.” Because there was no unique term for cousin, nephew, half-brother, or step-brother in these languages, they had to rely on the word brother or a “circumlocution,” such as “The son of Paul’s sister” (Acts 23:16), which clearly indicates that Paul’s nephew is being addressed.
“When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the wordadelphoswas chosen to encompass all of these connotations,” Fr.
Consequently, we must consider the context in which the title is being utilized in each instance.” For instance, when Spanish-speaking individuals (or French-speaking people) talk about their parents, they use the word “my padres” (“mes parents” in French), which means “my parents.” When they refer to aunts, uncles, cousins, and other relatives, the word “mis padres”/”mes parents” is still used.
The Gospels provide further clarification on the aforementioned “siblings.” Mary of Clopas had two sons, James and Joses, who were related to each other (Mk 15:40).
James the Lesser was the younger brother of Alphaeus (Lk 6:15).
But why these four in particular?
They all unanimously declared Symeon, the son of Clopas, whom the Gospel also mentions, to be worthy of the episcopal throne of that parish,” Eusebius writes in his Church History when describing the process of selecting someone to replace James (the head of the Church in Jerusalem), who had been martyred.
Clopas was Joseph’s brother, according to Hegesippus, who writes this.” So… Uncle Clopas was a relative of Jesus!
And then there’s this.
Symeon, the son of the Lord’s uncle, Clopas, was the next bishop.
The Founders of the Protestant Reformation
Mary’s permanent virginity was upheld even by the three fathers of the Reformation – Martin Luther, Hulrych Zwingli, and John Calvin — all of whom were committed to the doctrine. “Christ.was the sole Son of Mary, and the Virgin Mary carried no other children save Him,” according to Martin Luther. “Brothers” truly means ‘cousins’ in this context, because the Bible and the Jews usually refer to cousins as brothers.” (Sermons on John, chapters 1-4, 1537-39; Sermons on John, chapters 1-4, 1539) Quoted from Zwingli: “To deny that Mary was protected by God before, during, and after the birth of her Son would be to disbelieve God’s power.
God saw Mary as superior to all other creatures, even saints and angels, since it was her purity, innocence, and unwavering faith that mankind was called upon to emulate.
On the subject of Mary’s continuous virginity, there is an especially strong emphasis.” The following is taken from John Calvin: “He claims that she was Jesus’ mother’s sister, and in doing so, he employs the phraseology of the Hebrew language, which encompasses cousins and other relatives under the term ‘brothers’.” Despite the fact that many of the Early Church Fathers wrote and preached about Mary’s perpetual virginity, the great St.
Augustine is credited with having said it best: “It was not the visible sun, but its invisible Creator, who consecrated this day for us, when the Virgin Mother, fertile of womb and integral in her virginity, brought him forth, made visible for us, by whom, when he was invisible, she too was created.” A Virgin conceiving, a Virgin carrying, a Virgin pregnant, a Virgin giving birth, and a Virgin perpetuating are all examples of virginity.
“What is it about this that you are perplexed about, O man?” (Sermons 186, verse 1)
Brothers and Sisters of Jesus
Numerous references to the relatives of Our Lord are found throughout the New Testament. Among these are the following: “Isn’t this the carpenter’s son, the son of Mary, the brother of James, Joseph, Jude, and Simon, and the son of Mary’s brother, the carpenter’s son? Isn’t it true that his sisters are present as well?” (Mk 6.3; see also Mt 13.55–56.) “His brethren” are mentioned in John2.12, 7.3, 5, 10, and Acts of the Apostles1.14, among other places. James is referred to as “the brother of the Lord” by St.
- His mother and his brothers, as described in the Synoptics, came to visit Him while He was teaching (Mt 12.46–50; Mk 3.21–25; Lk8.19–21; 1 Cor 9.5) when He was speaking.
- The same may be said about the Sacred Scriptures as well.
- At Ptolemais, Paul and his companions “greeted the brethren,” which is to say, the Christians (Acts 21.7).
- While the names of the so-called “sisters” are not mentioned in the New Testament, the names of four “brothers” are: James, Joseph, Jude, and Simon (all of whom are named in the Old Testament).
In Luke’s account, “James of Alphaeus, and Simon called the fanatic, and Jude the brother of James” (Lk6.14–16) are the men who are referred to as “the brothers of Our Lord.” Paul’s reference to “James the brother of the Lord” (Gal1.19) is most certainly a reference to the Apostle James of Alphaeus, who lived in the first century AD.
- Of those named, James and Joseph are referred to as the sons of Mary (Mt 27.56,61; 28.1; Mk 15.40,47; Lk 24.10).
- As a result, some academics believe she is the same person as the “Mary of Cleopas” who is named in this scripture.
- Assuming this is the case, the conclusion must be that James and Joseph, along with Simon and Jude (although there is greater question about the latter two), are the sons of Mary and Cleopas, also known as Alphaeus, and their father is Cleopas.
- In the Protoevangelium Jacobi, Origen and Ambrosiaster (Patrologia Latina, 17:344–345), they said that “the brothers of Jesus” were the offspring of Joseph from a previous marriage, although there is no evidence to support this claim.
- Mary was a virgin when she conceived Jesus, according to the teachings of Scripture (Mt 1.18–25; Lk1.26–27; Mt 2.7).
- The absolute certainty with which Our Lord is addressed as “the son of Mary” (Mk 6.3) would appear to indicate to him being Mary’s only son.
- The books of the New Testament are the work of individuals who were among the first members of the Church that Christ established.
By placing these writings in the context of Church history, we are better able to comprehend and interpret them; in this way, new light is shed on the New Testament text concerning the problem of the “brothers of Jesus,” which involves the perpetual virginity of Our Blessed Mother, which is a doctrine of the Church.
The fact that Mary did not have any more children, as a result of which the “brothers and sisters” recorded in the New Testament cannot be Our Lord’s biological brothers and sisters, is undeniable in this light.
Prat, “La Parentéde Jésus,”Recherches de science religieuse,17 (1927) 127–138; j.
Marc,”Évangile selon S.
Paris 1947) “The Brethren of the Lord and Two Recently Published Papyri,” Theological Studies, 5 (1944) 484–494. J. J. Collins, “The Brethren of the Lord and Two Recently Published Papyri.” 217 volumes, with indexes on four volumes (Paris, 1878–1890), edited by J. P. Migne.