7 Last Sayings of Jesus on the Cross
Christians all across the world are concentrating their attention during this season of Lent on the gift of salvation. What an incredible experience it is to remember the suffering that Jesus went through during His death on the Cross at the hands of the Roman soldiers, isn’t it? Seven remarks were uttered by Jesus during His last hours on earth, while He hung on the Cross. Each speech revealed something new about Jesus and His character to those who heard it. These are taken from four different Gospel sources and are referred to be Jesus’ “seven final words.” Allow me to suggest that we spend some time today reading (and listening to) these seven final words spoken by Jesus from the Cross.
Jesus’ 7 Last Sayings in Scripture
“Father, pardon them, for they are completely unaware of what they are doing.” In Luke 23:34, the Bible says “Today, thou shalt be with Me in paradise,” the Lord says. In Luke 23:43, the Bible says “Woman, have a look at thy Son.” —Jesus Christ, John 19:26 “My God, my God, why have You left Me?” says the prophet. —Matthew 15:34 “I have a thirst.” —Jesus Christ, John 19:28 “It has been completed.” —Joshua 19:29 “Father, I commit My spirit into Thy hands,” I say. —Luke 23:46 (NASB) The season of Lent is an excellent time to re-read the entire account of Christ’s crucifixion if you haven’t done so recently.
Watch:Jesus’ Crucifixion, performed by Blair Underwood as Jesus
Is it important to you what Jesus’ seven final words from the Cross mean? Share your opinions with us by leaving a comment in the section below. Let’s take a step forward and read the complete tale as told in the Gospel accounts:
- Matthew 26:14-27:66, Mark 14:12-15:47, Luke 22-23, and John 18-19 are some of the passages to consider.
On Good Friday, we remember and contemplate in ways that our body is incapable of comprehending. Our holy God was impaled on a human torture and death weapon for his sins. His divinity remained intact, and yet He was also entirely human on that particular day. As a result, His words of forgiveness, promise, protection, provision, anguish, human need, fulfillment, and consecration are all the more impactful because of this. Which of Jesus’ final comments has the greatest impact on you? Is it His pardoning of the repentant criminal, or something else?
What is the source of his anguish?
The Seven Last Words of Jesus from the Cross Explained
Christian’s pause on Good Friday to reflect on the magnitude of Jesus’ sacrifice for us in suffering a humiliating and gruesome death by crucifixion is an annual tradition. In this season, we should take time to reflect on what Jesus went through for us, in all of its agony and intensity, rather than racing headlong into the good news of Easter, resurrection, and new life.
The Last Words of Jesus
Christians have historically thought on Good Friday by reading and pondering on the seven final words of Jesus as he hung on the cross, which have been a part of their tradition for centuries. The following are the last words spoken by Jesus before he died on the cross, according to Luke: At this point, it was around the sixth hour, and there was complete darkness over all of the area until nearly nine hours later, when the sun’s light vanished.
And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. In a loud voice, Jesus then said to the Father: “Father, into your hands I submit my spirit!” After saying this, he took his final breath. (See also Luke 23:44)
Significance of Jesus Last Words
In this text, Jesus’ final words are recounted in a poignant manner. All things considered, Jesus’ labor on the crucifixion had almost been completed when he cried out, “Father, into your hands I submit my spirit!” This statement effectively completed the job. A conversation Jesus had with religious leaders regarding his position in God’s grand plan is where the meaning of Jesus’ remark comes from: “I am the good shepherd,” he said. The sheep know who I am, and I know who they are, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I am willing to lay down my life for them.
- I’ll have to bring them along as well, and perhaps they’ll pay attention to my voice.
- Since of this, the Father loves me, because I lay down my life in the hope that I will be able to pick it up again.
- I have the authority to put it down and I also have the authority to pick it up and put it down again.
- He had been assigned a specific job by God.
- As it was Jesus’ God-given job to lay down his life, it was also Jesus’ decision whether or not to do so.
- According to Luke 22:39, Jesus spends a stressful evening in prayer, dealing with the gravity of the mission that lies before of him.
The Seven Last Statements of Jesus
1. According to Matthew 27:46, at around the ninth hour, Jesus cried out, “My God, my God, why have you deserted me?” 2. 2. “Father, please forgive them since they are completely unaware of what they are doing” (Luke 23:34). ‘By interceding on their behalf through this prayer, Jesus fulfilled an Old Testament prophesy that had been prophesied hundreds of years before by the prophet Isaiah.’ This prayer, particularly from the cross, would have served as a confirmation of His identity to people who had been looking forward to the coming of their beloved messiah, as predicted by the prophets of God.” Author Amy Swanson explains why Jesus said “Father Forgive Them” in her book Why Did Jesus Say “Father Forgive Them.” 3.
- I swear to you that from this day forward, you’ll be with me in paradise (Luke 23:43).
- Jesus was blameless, without sin, and was not the perpetrator of such a heinous killing.
- As a result, Jesus’ response to the criminal was deep, as He assured this sinner that he, too, would enter the gates of Heaven and dwell in Paradise that same day!
- “Dear Woman, here is your kid!” and “Here is your mother!” are both phrases that are heard.
- (See also John 19:26–27.) It was through Jesus that His loving mother and His beloved disciple were able to form a new friendship.
- “I’m a little thirsty” (John 19:28).
- Yet another possible connection would be to draw a relationship between this remark and Christ’s invitation to those who are thirsty to come and drink from the fountain of life (Revelation 22:17).
Jesus’ declaration of thirst comes from a point of bodily fatigue on the part of the disciples.
Jesus speaks of his own thirst as a way of expressing a genuine human desire for nutrition and comfort.
Kyle Norman, What is the Meaning and Significance of Jesus Saying “I Thirst?” 6.
” (See John 19:30.) The mission that His Father had given Him to carry out, which included teaching the Gospel, performing miracles, and bringing His people back together, was successfully completed.
With the words “it is finished,” Jesus is stating that not only does He take away man’s sin, but that He has now removed it as far as the east is from the west, because it has been completed, completed, signed, and sealed because of the blood of Jesus.
(Luke 23:46)Jesus gladly offered his life for the sake of others.
He made the decision not to do so.
This statement is a straight quotation from the passage of Scripture in which it is found.
“I surrender my spirit into your hands; you have redeemed me, O LORD, trustworthy God,” I commit my spirit into your hands, and you have redeemed me, O LORD, loyal God.” (Excerpt from “Father, into your hands I surrender my spirit,” by Bethany Verrett, from Beautiful Meaning Behind “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit”).
- This was a terrible and difficult assignment, yet Jesus volunteered to take on the challenge.
- In the hands of those who crucified him, Jesus was not helpless; he was the only one who had the authority to put an end to his life.
- (Revelation 13:8).
- It is still a heinous crime against humanity.
Despite the fact that Jesus yielded, this does not imply that all was well. Death was visited upon the creator of life by nefarious men (Acts 2:23). Jesus, on the other hand, submitted to wickedness and injustice because he understood who was actually in power.
Saved by the Blood of Christ
The tale does not end here; there is still hope, which we commemorate on Easter Sunday. But for the time being, let us take a minute to remember the agonizing sacrifice of our Lord and Savior. You can express your gratitude to Jesus for his unwavering love and loyalty, which prompted him to lay down his life as a ransom for your sins. According to the website Crosswalk.com, “In Christianity, Easter is celebrated on the third day following the crucifixion as the celebration of Jesus’ resurrection from the grave.
- Remembering the resurrection of Jesus is a powerful way to reaffirm our everyday optimism that we have won the battle against sin.
- Justin Holcomb is an Episcopal priest who also serves as a theology professor at Reformed Theological Seminary and Knox Theological Seminary in Knoxville, Tennessee.
- Besides that, he is the editor of the book Christian Theologies of Scripture.
- Image courtesy of Getty Images/BulentBARIS.
- What is the significance of Maundy Thursday?
- What is the significance of Holy Saturday?
- At Easter, the Son of God took on the sins of the world and beat the devil, death, and the grave in a single battle.
- It is through the characters in The Characters of Easter that you will become familiar with the unusual group of regular people who were present to witness the mystery of Christ’s death and resurrection.
- It is available for download now.
7 Last Words Jesus Christ Spoke on the Cross
However, the tale does not come to an end here; there is still the hope that we commemorate throughout Easter celebrations. Take a minute to remember the agonizing sacrifice of our Lord and Savior, however, for the time being. For his unwavering love and fidelity, which drove him to lay down his life as a ransom for your sins, you can express gratitude to Jesus via prayer. It has been reported by Crosswalk.com that “In Christianity, Easter is celebrated on the third day following the crucifixion of Jesus, when he was raised from the dead.
- We can refresh our daily trust in the resurrection of Jesus by remembering that we have won the battle against sin.
- Justin Holcomb is an Episcopal priest who also serves as a theology professor at Reformed Theological Seminary and Knox Theological Seminary in Nashville, Tennessee.
- Besides that, he is the editor of the Christian Theologies of Scripture publication.
- Credit: GettyImages/BulentBARIS for the image Find out more about the meaning and significance of the Easter holiday and the Holy Week celebrations by reading the following articles and resources: What is the significance of Palm Sunday in your culture?
- Who and what is the significance of Good Friday?
- I’m not sure what Easter is about.
- Then, how come the world’s most magnificent time is surrounded by scared fisherman, reviled tax collectors, marginalized women, wimpy politicians, and disloyal friends?
- When you read The Characters of Easter, you’ll get to know the odd group of everyday individuals who were present to witness the miracle of Christ’s death and resurrection.
This FREE podcast offers a new perspective on the Lenten season and may be used as a devotional or study for both individuals and groups.
1) Jesus Speaks to the Father
The tale does not come to a close here; there is still the optimism that we celebrate at Easter. But for the time being, let us pause to remember the agonizing sacrifice of our Lord and Savior. You can express your gratitude to Jesus for his unwavering love and loyalty, which motivated him to lay down his life as a ransom for your sins. Crosswalk.com states that “Traditionally, Easter is celebrated on the third day following the crucifixion of Jesus, when he was raised from the dead. Easter is the fulfillment of the prophesy of the Messiah, who would be persecuted, die for our sins, and rise on the third day (Isaiah 53).
- Easter is celebrated three days after the death of Jesus on the cross, according to the New Testament.” Learn more about the origins and significance of Easter.
- Justin penned the bookOn the Grace of God, and he and his wife Lindsey co-authored the books Rid of My Disgrace and Save Me from Violence.
- Justin Holcomb may be found on social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter, as well as his own website, JustinHolcomb.com.
- What is Maundy Thursday, and why is it celebrated?
- What is Holy Saturday, exactly?
- At Easter, the Son of God took on the sins of the world and vanquished the devil, death, and the grave in the process.
- In The Characters of Easter, you’ll get to know an unusual group of everyday individuals who were witnesses to the mystery of Christ’s death and resurrection.
2) Jesus Speaks to the Criminal on the Cross
Luke 23:43 (NIV) In all seriousness, today you will join me in paradise, I swear to you.” (NIV) Unknown to the rest of the convicts who were crucified with Christ, one of them recognized Jesus and professed confidence in him as Savior. As Jesus convinced the dying man of his forgiveness and eternal salvation, we witness God’s grace being poured forth via faith in this scene. In fact, Jesus assured the thief that he would enjoy eternal life with Christ in paradise that same day, and he would not even have to wait.
3) Jesus Speaks to Mary and John
John 19:26 – John 19:27 In response to the presence of his mother and the adjacent presence of the disciple whom he cherished, Jesus addressed his mother as “Dear lady, here is your son,” and the beloved disciple as “Here is your mother.” (NIV) When Jesus looked down from the cross, he was still overwhelmed with the concerns of a son for his mother’s material needs on the terrestrial plane.
Because none of his brothers were there to care for her, he delegated this responsibility to the Apostle John. Christ’s humanity is plainly visible in this passage.
4) Jesus Cries Out to the Father
Matthew 27:46 (KJV) In the ninth hour, Jesus shouted out in a loud voice, “Elim Eli, lama Sabachthani?” (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? “My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?” says the speaker. (This is the translation from the New King’s James Version, also known as the NKJV.) Mark 15:34 is a biblical passage. Then about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which translates as “My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?” NLT stands for New Living Translation, and it is a translation of the New Testament.
And, although much has been speculated about the meaning of this word, it was abundantly clear that Christ was in anguish as he announced his separation from God.
5) Jesus Is Thirsty
John 19:28 (NIV) Jesus saw that everything had come to a close, and in order to fulfill the Scriptures, he declared, “I am thirsty.” According to Matthew 27:34 and Mark 15:23, Jesus declined the first drink of vinegar, gall, and myrrh (Matthew 27:34 and Mark 15:23) that was offered to ease his pain. In this passage however, we find Jesus fulfilling amessianic prophesy contained in Psalm 69:21, which reads as follows: “They offer me a glass of sour wine to quench my thirst.” (NLT)
6) It Is Finished
In John 19:30, Jesus says “It is completed!” he said. (New Living Translation)Jesus understood that he was being crucified for a reason. He had previously said in his life, in John 10:18, that “No one can take it away from me, but I choose to put it down of my own free will. I have the authority to put it down and the authority to pick it back up again if necessary. This is a directive that I got from my Father.” In the New International Version, these three words were densely packed with meaning because what was completed here was not only Christ’s earthly life, not only his suffering and death, not only the payment for sin and the redemption of the world, but also the very reason and purpose for which he had come to earth.
The Scriptures had been brought to completion.
7) Jesus’ Last Words
Luke 23:46 (NIV) When Jesus cried out in a loud voice, he was saying, “Father, I submit my spirit into your hands.” When he had finished speaking, he took his last breath. Here, Jesus ends with the words of Psalm 31:5, in which he addresses God the Father. (NIV) In his entire reliance on his heavenly Father, we may see him at his most vulnerable. As he had done every day of his life, Jesus approached death in the same manner in which he had lived: by offering his life as a perfect sacrifice and leaving himself in the hands of God.
The seven last words of Christ
Good Friday is a day to take a step back, reflect, and pray. Why not take advantage of a lovely tradition of the Church that was started in the 17thcentury by a Peruvian Jesuit named Juan de la Cruz? Spend some time reflecting on the specific moments when, according to the Gospels, Jesus delivered his last seven words while hanging on the cross. Consider these words as you pray for people who, in so many places across the world, are experiencing injustice, thirst, and loneliness as you meditate on them.
“Woman, have a look at your son,” he says to his mother.
and to John: “Look, here’s your mother!” “My God, my God, why have you left me?” he cries out to God, his Father. “I’m thirsty,” I say to everyone. “It is finished,” the globe declares. “Father, I commit my spirit into your hands,” I said to God.
The solemnity of the Epiphany, often known as the “Day of the Kings,” is one of the most important religious holidays observed across Spain. On this day of rejoicing, the children are the main heroes of the story.
Reflecting on the Seven Last Words of Christ
During this time of reflection on Christ’s sacrifice on Good Friday, the Seven Last Words of Jesus provide us with tremendous insight into His thinking as He took on all of mankind’s sins in one act. By uttering these words, He forgives His adversaries as well as the contrite thief. He also calls out to God, announcing the conclusion of His earthly existence. I hope that this quick contemplation may be of use to you as you observe Good Friday.
The First Word
During this time of reflection on Christ’s sacrifice on Good Friday, the Seven Last Words of Jesus provide us with tremendous insight into His thinking as He took on all of mankind’s sins on His shoulders. By uttering these words, He forgives His adversaries as well as the contrite thief. He then cries out to God, announcing the conclusion of His earthly existence. As you observe Good Friday, may this brief contemplation serve as a guidance.
The Second Word
“Amen, I say to you, today you shall be with me in paradise,” the narrator says. Luke 23:43 (NIV) When the contrite thief admitted his sin and evil, Christ accepted him and welcomed him into his kingdom. Our redemption is also possible if we recognize our own depravity.
The Third Word
“Woman, have a look at your son. “Son, take a look at your mother.” John 19:26–27 (KJV) When we hear this term, our attention is drawn away from the drama of the crucifixion and onto those who stand at its foot. She is established as John’s mother as well as our mother in the faith as a result of this event.
The Fourth Word
“Woman, have a look at this son of yours. ” See, your mother is right in front of you. Jn. 19:26–27 (King James Version) Through the use of this word, our attention is drawn away from the drama of the crucifixion and towards those who stand at its foot. She is established as John’s mother as well as our mother in the faith as a result of this miracle.
The Fifth Word
“I have a thirst.” John 19:28 (NIV) Mother Teresa’s ministry began when Jesus appeared to her and instructed her to build a community that would fulfill His need for souls. This was the beginning of her ministry. As an analogy, we witness Jesus’ thirst at the cross, not only on a bodily level, but also on a spiritual level, indicating His desire for us to know and love Him.
The Sixth Word
“It has been completed.” Matthew 27:46 (KJV) Mark 15:34 is a biblical passage. Creation is being healed as a result of the words we have just read. The Father’s wrath has been appeased. We are given freedom, cleanliness, and grace as a result of His compassion being conveyed to the people of God.
The Seventh Word
Father, I entrust my spirit into Your care. ” Luke 23:46 (NIV) For the sake of all of us, Jesus bends His head and hands up His spirit to His Father. This historic and wonderful moment indicates that the past has come to an end, and that a bright future awaits everyone who choose to embrace it.
When Jesus was crucified, it pointed the way forward to a road of hope that would lead the saved to an unending future with Jesus, His Father, and the Holy Spirit. The following is an adaptation of the Basilica’s 2018 Lenten Reflection Series.
The 7 Last Words of Christ from the Cross
Dr. Ralph F. Wilson contributed to this article. Detail from “Jesus Alone on the Cross” (1886-1894), a watercolor by James J. Tissot, on display at the Brooklyn Museum in New York. Image in its entirety. According to many accounts, Jesus didn’t say much when he was hanging on the cross. Despite the fact that several hours had passed, he was deafeningly quiet, save for the occasional remark or two, during his agonizing ordeal. However, these Seven Last Words of Christ from the Cross give a window into Jesus’ soul, a means to comprehend what is ultimately vital to this One who is dying on the cross through his own last words.
Prepare Your Heart for Holy Week and Good Friday
Despite the fact that these seven words are collected from multiple gospels, they have been put in what is most likely their chronological order according to a basic harmonization of the various gospel narratives of the crucifixion:
- “Father, pardon them
- They are completely unaware of what they are doing.” “This day you shall be with me in Paradise,” Jesus says in Luke 23:34. “Woman, have a look at your son,” Jesus says in Luke 23:43. “My God, My God, why have you left me?” says Jesus in John 19:26-27. “I’m thirsty,” says Jesus in Mark 15:34 and Matthew 27:46. “It is completed,” says Jesus in John 19:28. “I surrender my spirit into your hands,” says Jesus in John 19:30. (Matthew 23:46)
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This Bible study is intended to assist you in meditating on each of these seven words, one every day, for a period of one week, starting today. Each day’s study will include a question that will challenge you to think more thoroughly about the meaning of the passage in front of you. If you’d like, you may submit your responses or views on the saying in our online Forum, or you can read what others have to say about it. However, unlike some of the other courses in the JesusWalk®Bible Study series, this study is only provided by e-mail once a day for one week.
- These seven words, one every day for a week, are intended to guide you through a Bible study to help you concentrate on them. You’ll find a question at the end of each day’s study that will encourage you to think more thoroughly about the meaning of the statement. To share your responses or opinions on the saying, you may do so in our online Forum, or you can read what others have to say about it. For one week only, this study is provided via e-mail once a day, unlike some other studies in the JesusWalk®Bible Study series.
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Because they have traditionally been used as a meditation on Good Friday in Roman Catholic congregations, the Seven Last Words are frequently recited in Latin:
- Pater, dimitte illis, quia nesciunt, quid faciunt
- Quia nesciunt, quid faciunt
- Paradio is the site of today’s memorial
- Mulier, ecce filius tuus
- Deus meus, Deus meus, utquid dereliquisti me
- It is time to consume
- The spirit of the Lord is commending me in your hands, Domine.
Dimitte illis, quia nesciunt, quid faciunt, pater dimitte illis, quid faciunt In Paradio, the day has come; Mulier, ecce filius tuus; Deus meus, Deus meus, utquid dereliquisti me; Deus meus, Deus meus, utquid dereliquisti me; Deus meus, Deus meus, utquid dereliquisti me Sitio; Is it time to consume? Lord, I commit the spirit of my soul into your hands.
What were the seven last words of Jesus Christ on the cross and what do they mean?
QuestionAnswer Following are the seven remarks that Jesus Christ made while hanging on the cross (in no particular order): “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” Jesus cried out with a loud voice about the ninth hour in Matthew 27:46, which translates as “My God, my God, why have you left me?” in English. God had to “turn away” from Jesus due to the sins of the entire world being thrown on Him, and as a result, God had to communicate His sentiments of abandonment by saying, “I feel abandoned.” While Jesus was bearing the weight of sin on His shoulders, He was also experiencing the single time in all of eternity that He would be separated from God.
- It is possible that those who executed Jesus were not fully aware of the gravity of what they were doing since they did not recognize Him as the Messiah.
- (3) “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise,” the narrator states (Luke 23:43).
- This was given because the offender had shown his trust in Jesus, recognizing Him for who He truly was, even at the hour of his execution, and the court ruled in his favor (Luke 23:42).
- Christ’s ready surrender of His soul into the Father’s care indicates that He was going to die – and that God had accepted His offering of Himself.
- (5) “Dear Lady, please accept this as your son!” “Here is your mother!” says the other.
- And it was at that point that John accepted her into his own house (John 19:26-27).
- (6) ” I’m a little thirsty ” (John 19:28).
- Having shown thirst, He encouraged the Roman soldiers to administer vinegar, which was usual at the crucifixion, therefore fulfilling the prophesy of the elders of Israel.
(See John 19:30.) Jesus’ final remarks indicated that His suffering had come to an end and that the whole task His Father had assigned Him to do, which included preaching the Gospel, performing miracles, and obtaining eternal salvation for His people, had been completed, achieved, and fulfilled.
The obligation owed to the devil was satisfied. Return to the previous page: Questions concerning the deity of Jesus Christ What were the seven last words spoken by Jesus Christ before he died on the cross, and what did they symbolize?
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The Passion: 7 Last Words of Jesus on the Cross
23:34 (Luke 23:34) He then replied to the Father, “Father, pardon them, for they have no idea what they are doing.” (NIV) The heart of Jesus was focused on others rather than on himself, even in the midst of his great agony. We can see the character of his love in this passage: it is unconditional and heavenly.
2) Jesus Speaks to the Criminal on the Cross
Luke 23:43 (NIV) In all seriousness, today you will join me in paradise, I swear to you.” (NIV) One of the convicts who was crucified with Christ had identified Jesus as the Messiah and professed confidence in him as his Savior, according to the Bible. As Jesus convinced the dying man of his forgiveness and eternal salvation, we witness God’s grace being poured forth through faith in this passage.
3) Jesus Speaks to Mary and John
John 19:26-27 (KJV) In response to the presence of his mother and the adjacent presence of the disciple whom he cherished, Jesus addressed his mother as “Dear lady, here is your son,” and the beloved disciple as “Here is your mother.” (NIV) When Jesus looked down from the cross, he was still overwhelmed with the concerns of a son for his mother’s material needs on the terrestrial plane. Because none of his brothers were there to care for her, he delegated this responsibility to the Apostle John.
4) Jesus Cries Out to the Father
Matthew 27:46 (KJV) (also Mark 15:34) And at about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? “My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?” says the speaker. (NKJV) The first verses of Psalm 22 were said by Jesus during the most difficult hours of his suffering. And, although much has been speculated about the meaning of this word, it was abundantly clear that Christ was in anguish as he announced his separation from God. In this passage, we witness the Father turning away from the Son as Jesus bore the whole burden of our sin.
5) Jesus is Thirsty
John 19:28 (NIV) Jesus saw that everything had come to a close, and in order to fulfill the Scriptures, he declared, “I am thirsty.” (NLT) Jesus turned down the first drink of vinegar, gall, and myrrh (Matthew 27:34 and Mark 15:23) that was brought to him in order to relieve his pain. Psalm 69:21, on the other hand, shows Jesus fulfilling amessianic prophesy that took place many hours earlier.
6) It is Finished
“It is completed!” he exclaimed in John 19:30. (New Living Translation)Jesus understood that he was being crucified for a reason. Before that, in John 10:18 of his life, Jesus had stated, “No one takes it away from me, but I lay it down of my own free will.” I have the authority to put it down and the authority to pick it back up again if necessary. It was my Father who gave me this instruction.” (NIV) These three words were densely packed with significance, for what was completed here was not only Christ’s earthly existence, not only his suffering and death, not only the payment for sin and the redemption of the world, but also the entire reason and purpose for which he had come to earth.
His ultimate act of submission had been completed. The Scriptures had been brought to completion.
7) Jesus’ Last Words
It was ended, Jesus said in John 19:30. ‘Jesus understood that he was being crucified for a reason,’ says the New Living Translation. Later in his life, he stated in John 10:18, “No one takes it from from me, but I lay it down of my own free will.” In order to lay it down, I must first obtain permission from the owner to do so. It was my Father who gave me this order.” – (NIV) Three words of profound significance, for what was completed here was not only Christ’s earthly existence, not only his suffering and death, not only his payment for sin and the redemption of the world, but it was also the very reason and purpose for which he came to earth.
Everything in the Bible had been accomplished.
More About Jesus on the Cross
“It is completed!” he said in John 19:30. (NLT)Jesus understood that he was being crucified for a reason. Later in his life, he had stated in John 10:18, “No one takes it from from me, but I lay it down of my own free will.” I have the authority to put it down and the authority to pick it back up. “I received this order from my Father.” (NIV) For what was done here was not just Christ’s earthly existence, not only his suffering and death, not only the payment for sin and the redemption of the world—but the fundamental cause and purpose for which he had come to earth had been completed.
The Scriptures had been brought to fruition.
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The Seven Last Words of Christ are traditionally arranged in the following order: What Are the First Words? Jesus then prayed, ‘Father, forgive them, for they do not realize what they are doing.'” “And they divided his clothing and cast lots for it.” (See Luke 23:34.) The Second Set of Words He was told by Jesus that “today thou shalt be with me in paradise,” which means “today you will be with me in heaven.” (See Luke 23:43.) The Third Set of Words After seeing his mother and the disciple who was standing nearby, whom he had loved, Jesus said to his mother, ‘Woman, behold thy son!’ (See also John 19:26.) The Fourth Set of Words Jesus cried out with a loud voice at the nine-hour mark and said, ‘Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?’ which is translated as ‘God, my God, why have you deserted me?’ (Matthew 15:34) The Fifth Set of Words Jesus, realizing that all had now been achieved in order for the scripture to be fulfilled, declares, “I thirst.” (See also John 19:28.) The Sixth Set of Words “When Jesus had received the vinegar, he murmured, ‘It is finished,’ and he bent his head and died.” (See John 19:30.) The Seventh Line of Text He then replied to the Father, “Father, into thine hands I surrender my spirit,” after he had cried out with a loud cry.
- (See Luke 23:46.) Following the Lukan narrative, it is clear that the Lukan order is proper (Lk.
- In the same way, the Johannine order is valid when it is followed by the Johannine order (Jn.
- When based on the temporal marker “at the ninth hour,” the Markan insertion of the Fourth Words is proper in terms of placement in terms of the order of placing.
- This also demonstrates that Jn.
- 23:46 are correctly positioned following the Fourth Words of Jesus.
- In Jn.
However, a controversy emerges regarding the sequence of the last two words: Did Jesus first give up his spirit (Jn.
23:46), or did he do so first then cry out with a loud voice first?
At the same time, it is impossible to conceive that he “breathed his last” (Lk.
19:28 and 30).
23:46c = Mk.
19:30), and surrendered his spirit (Jn.
And having said this” (de eipon touto, which refers to the Second Aorist participleeipon, “having said,” which indicates the passage of time immediately preceding the main verb) in Lk.
He was divinely judged and acted as our propitiation in order to appease God’s righteous anger against us.
His resurrection three days later demonstrates his ultimate dominion over death and, as a result, his capacity to grant life to anybody who places their faith only in him.
The Gospels and the Seven Last Words are highly recommended for further investigation.
T. D. Alexander’s book, Discovering Jesus, is a good example of this (Crossway). Jesus and the Gospels (Craig L. Blomberg, Jesus and the Gospels) (Broadman). The Four, by Peter Leithart (Canon). Jesus the Messiah, written by Robert Stein (IVP).
With his 7 last words, Jesus speaks to us all
Putting the four Gospel narratives of Jesus’ crucifixion and death together, we find that Our Lord made seven utterances from the cross, as recorded in the New Testament. These are referred to as the Seven Last Words of Christ in tradition, and a number of Good Friday ceremonies are based on reflecting on each of these utterances. In honor of our Lord’s last statements on the cross, we give you the following comments written by ordinary Christians. We hope that they may provide light and peace to your personal contemplation of these final utterances of our Savior.
- Luke 23:34: Father, forgive them because they are unaware of what they are doing. 23:43 Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise, as I promised you. In John 19:26–27, the woman is told, “Look, here is your son.” Take a look at your mum, son. Matthew 27:46 (KJV) Mark 15:34: “My God, My God, why have you left me?” cries out the Savior. I’m thirsty, says John 19:28. John 19:30: It has come to an end. (Taken from the Greek word “Tetelestai,” which can be rendered as “it has been completed” or “it is finished.”) In the words of Jesus in Luke 23:46: Father, I entrust my spirit into your hands
Jesus’ Final Sayings From the Cross • EFCA
I say “I love you” at the end of every conversation I have with my family members. It is my hope that my final words as a spouse, father or grandfather would be those of love if something happens to me. These are deliberate words, not a slap on the wrist. Words uttered to others are important, and the last or final words spoken appear to have even more significance. It has the feel of a final will and testament, despite the fact that it is expressed in the context of love rather than a contract.
- God’s promises were reaffirmed by Jacob (Gen.
- When Jesus gave his farewell address to his followers in the Upper Room, on the way up to the Mount of Olives, on the way to the crucifixion, he followed a similar pattern (Jn.
- What came before this was Jesus washing the feet of his followers, an acted parable that conveyed truth in both speech and deed, and the declaration of his betrayal (Jn.
- The Scriptures also include the real last words said by Jesus from the crucifixion, which are recorded in the Gospels.
- “These seven pre-death sayings do not establish a unity, but rather address seven quite diverse situations,” writes Murray J.
- They are unlike any other final remarks delivered by a leader that has ever been recorded in the history of the world.
- Despite the fact that these sayings are not delivered in a single last goodbye address, they are not ad hoc.
Everything about Jesus’ person, life, and mission was planned and orchestrated with great care.
In this way, God’s anger against all people would be laid on God the Son, propitiation would be completed, and expiation, or the eradication of sins, would be possible.
Throughout history, Jesus has/has been the perfect representation and replacement.
Acts 3:13-17; 4:27-28).
“He loved them to the end,” John said of Jesus’ love for his disciples, which could also be said of his love for the Father, who he delighted to do his will (Heb.
10:5-7; see also Ps. 40:8) and who he submitted to on his way to the cross, which is seen supremely in the Garden of Gethsemane on his way to the cross (Matt. 26:39, 42). All of this must be taken into consideration while reading and understanding Jesus’ remarks.
- I always end every conversation with my family members with the phrase “I love you.” Ideally, if something were to happen to me, I would want my final words said as a spouse, parent, or grandpa to be filled with love. It’s important to note that these are deliberate, not accidental, terms. Even the last or final words uttered to another person have significance, and it appears that they have even more significance. Even though it is said in the context of love, rather than as part of a legal agreement, it has the feel of a final will and testament. This is also true in terms of the Bible. God’s promises were reaffirmed by Jacob (Gen. 47:29-49:33) and by David (1 Chronicles 28:1-29:20) in their farewell addresses, which served as a reminder to their followers to keep God’s promises and remain faithful. While traveling to the Mount of Olives, Jesus gave a farewell address to his followers in the Upper Room. It was around this time that Jesus was preparing to go to the crucifixion (Jn. 13:31-16:33). Jesus’ washing of his disciples’ feet, an enacted parable that conveyed truth in both speech and deed, and the announcement of his betrayal came before this point in the narrative (Jn. 13:1-30). Jesus’ exact final words, spoken from the cross, are also recorded in the Scriptures. In the Gospel narratives, they are not delivered in the form of a farewell message, and they are found in seven distinct places: three in Luke, one each in Matthew and Mark, and three in John. “These seven pre-death sayings do not establish a unity, but rather address seven quite diverse situations,” writes Murray J. Harris in The Seven Sayings of Jesus on the Cross: Their Circumstances and Meaning (Eugene, Oregon: Cascade, 2016), p. xiv. They are unlike any other final remarks delivered by a leader that has ever been recorded in the history of recorded speech. Despite the fact that they are extraordinarily brief and emotional, they are not personal words of farewell delivered to all of his disciples, and they are said in the middle of extended dying throes.” What Jesus Said in His Last Words Take a thoughtful look at each of these verses, attempting to grasp the context, circumstances, and underlying meaning of each. These sayings are not said in a single final goodbye address, and they are not picked out at random from the internet. Jesus’ words on the cross are repeated again and over again. It was all for a reason that Jesus was born, lived, and ministered on the earth. This was the plan, even on the cross, and it was most clearly demonstrated on the crucifixion, to redeem, restore, and rescue sinful, condemned people from their sins. In this way, God’s anger against all people would be laid on God the Son, propitiation would be fulfilled, and expiation, or the eradication of sins, would be possible. God and man are one in Jesus Christ, who is genuinely and completely God. As the ideal representation and replacement, Jesus is/was. He was destined to perish from the beginning of his existence (1 Jn. 4:9-10). Neither he nor anybody else was responsible for his death (Jn. 10:18
- 19:11). It was God’s plan all along, even though mankind was held accountable (Acts 2:23-24
- Cf. Acts 3:13-17
- 4:27-28). The crucifixion is the most visible representation of God’s love, holiness, justice, and wrath on the human condition. “He loved them to the end,” John said of Jesus’ love for his disciples, which could also be said of his love for the Father, who he delighted to do his will (Heb. 10:5-7
- See also Ps. 40:8) and who he submitted to on his way to the cross, which is seen supremely in the Garden of Gethsemane on the way to the cross (Matt. 26:39, 42). With all of this in mind, it is necessary to read and comprehend Jesus’ teachings.
What is it about these sayings that we find interesting? Harris, who is 89 years old, emphasizes a number of significant points. The first three statements were spoken by Jesus during daylight hours, between 9:00 a.m. and 12:00 p.m., and his attention was directed toward others. In the first saying, Jesus prays for his executioners, pleading with his Father to accept their repentance (Lk. 23:34). When Jesus takes on the role of the Suffering Servant, he not only fulfills that promise by dying on the death, but he also fulfills Scripture by “making intercession for the transgressors” while on the crucifixion (Isa.
- In his second saying, he makes a commitment to a fellow-sufferer who confessed that he deserved to be crucified, although Jesus did not deserve to be killed.
- 19:26-27; cf.
- Jesus addresses his spiritual agony, his experience of abandonment, and his sense of abandonment in the fourth statement (Matt.
- 15:33-34; cf.
In this statement, the Trinity’s inseparable actions are affirmed.
This comes from the concept that the nature of God’s free activities outside of himself (ad intra) is determined by the nature of God’s free actions inside himself (ad extra).
The three individuals do not just ‘cooperate’ in their exterior works, as if each person’s particular contribution to a wider operational whole were solely a byproduct of their collaboration.
All of God’s external works, from creation to consummation, are the works of the three divine persons “) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) The Last Words of Jesus: Some Observations Harris’s outstanding book, The Seven Sayings of Jesus on the Cross, comes to a close with a series of “final notes on the sayings,” which I will quote in full (pages 87-88):
- It was 9 a.m. (“the third hour”) when Jesus was crucified, and it was noon (“the sixth hour”) when the darkness began to fall, which continued until 3 p.m. (“the ninth hour”) when the sun came up (Matt 27:45
- Mark 15:25, 33
- Luke 23:44). After speaking at indeterminate times throughout the first three-hour period, Jesus then gave his fourth “message,” which was referred to as “the scream of dereliction,” at the conclusion of the second three-hour period. Following that, it appears that the final three statements were delivered in rapid succession, with the only pause being the time required for Jesus to receive the sour wine in answer to his request, “I am thirsty.” As a result, the final four words were most likely delivered within five to ten minutes. There are contributions from all four Gospel authors to the recorded words of Jesus uttered on the cross: The fourth is recorded by Matthew and Mark
- The first, second, and seventh are recorded by Luke
- The third, fifth, and sixth are recorded by John. Only the fourth and sixth phrases were said “in a loud voice,” with the former indicating the sorrow of abandoning and the latter expressing the joy of triumph
- The others were delivered “in hushed tones.” The three addresses in the sayings – “Father,” “my God,” and “Father” – suggest that Jesus was obsessed on the crucifixion, as he had been throughout his life, with his connection with God, his Father, and that this preoccupation continued on the cross. Every one of the seven words was cradled by God’s fatherly care and Jesus’ filial trust
- Each of the seven words narrows in on Jesus’ attention in an ever-narrowing fashion. First and foremost, his executioners (1), then a fellow suffering (2), then his mother and cousin (3a and b), and ultimately himself (3) are mentioned (4-7). It was only after the needs of others had been met that Jesus considered his own predicament. As seen by the last four sentences of the passage, which cite or allude to the Psalms, Jesus’ intellect was clearly steeped with Scripture. We can draw parallels between Jesus’ repeated use of Deuteronomy during his wilderness temptation (Matt 4:4, 7, and 10)
- Jesus was fully aware of both his physical and spiritual needs (“I am thirsty!”), and addressed them both (“Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit”)
- Jesus was fully aware of his physical and spiritual needs (“I am thirsty!”)
- And Jesus was fully aware of his physical and spiritual needs (“I am thirsty!”). When compared to the fourth cry (“My God.”), which depicts a painfully sad low point in Jesus’ suffering on the crucifixion, the sixth scream (“It is finished!”) indicates a climactic high moment, as well as the only statement in which no one is specifically addressed. The earthquake (Matt 27:51b), the resurrection of many saints (Matt 27:52-53), the confession of the centurion (Matt 27:54
- Mark 15:39
- Luke 23:47), and the burial of Jesus were all direct consequences of Jesus’ seven sayings and death (Matt 27:57-61
- Mark 15:42-47
- Luke 23:50-56
- John 19:31, 38-42). The resurrection of Jesus, his appearances, and his ascension into heaven served as the ultimate conclusion to the story.
It was 9 a.m. (“the third hour”) when Jesus was crucified, and it was noon (“the sixth hour”) when the darkness began to fall, which continued until 3 p.m. (“the ninth hour”) (Matt 27:45; Mark 15:25, 33; Luke 23:44). After speaking at indeterminate times throughout the first three-hour period, Jesus then gave his fourth “word,” which was referred to as “the scream of dereliction,” at the end of the second three-hour period. Following that, it appears that the final three statements were delivered in rapid succession, with the only pause being the time required for Jesus to be supplied with sour wine in answer to his request, “I am thirsty.” In other words, the previous four phrases were presumably delivered within five to ten minutes of one another.
It was just the fourth and sixth phrases that were said in a “loud voice,” with the former conveying anguish at having been abandoned and the latter showing joy at having won.
Every one of the seven words was cradled by God’s fatherly care and Jesus’ filial trust; each of the seven words narrows in on Jesus’ attention in an ever-narrowing circle.
While in the wilderness tempted by Satan (Matt 4:4, 7, and 10), Jesus was fully aware of both his physical and spiritual needs (“I am thirsty!”) and addressed them both; he was also fully aware of his physical needs (“I am thirsty!”) and spiritual needs (“Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit”); and he was fully aware of his physical needs (“I am thirsty!”).
The resurrection of Jesus, his appearances, and his ascension into heaven served as the ultimate conclusion to this narrative.