How old was Jesus when he died?
However, the picture of Jesus’ crucifixion is one of the most important symbols in Christianity. But how old was Jesus when he died? (Image courtesy of Getty) The death of Jesus Christ through crucifixion – and the subsequent resurrection of Jesus Christ – is the reason we celebrate Easter. There has long been recorded proof that Jesus, who claimed to be the son of God, was a genuine man who lived in the first century AD. In the first century, he was a Galilean Jew who was born at the beginning of the first century.
So, how old was he at the time of his death?
However, that particular point is as obscure as mud.
The gospels, on the other hand, indicate that Jesus was born during the Census of Quirinius, which took place 10 years after Herod’s death, which runs counter to this supposition.
- The majority of experts believe Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33 AD, which corresponds to 1985 to 1988.
- In a Spanish church, an actor portraying Jesus is on the stage (Picture: Getty) The length of his ministry (which came to an abrupt stop with his crucifixion) has been estimated to have been roughly three years.
- The Synoptic Gospels, on the other hand, only mention one Passover during Christ’s ministry, implying that he was only around for a year after being baptized.
- It’s true that this is disputed on the basis of many contradicting elements in religious scriptures, but historians are only ever fighting over a few years in his age when they make this claim.
- MORE:What causes the color of ostrich flesh to be red?
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As Easter approaches, many people may begin to wonder about some of the less well-known details of Jesus’ life and ministry. We’re curious in his appearance, what clothes he wore, how tall he was, and what kind of food he ate. While contemplating Jesus’ humanity, we can’t help but ask ourselves these kinds of questions, especially as the day of his death draws closer. One question comes up rather frequently because we want to know how valuable it is in comparison to our own lives. What was Jesus’ age at the time of his death?
Was he of a certain age?
Was he weakened by his advanced age and the responsibilities of a long life?
As we contemplate our own mortality, his humanity screams out to us from the threshold of death.
In addition to you, it is also yours. Scholars have long speculated that Jesus was roughly 33 years old when he was crucified, and their speculations have proven correct. Here’s where you can get your FREE Holy Week Guide. You may have daily words of encouragement emailed to your inbox.
How Do We Determine Jesus’ Age?
There are no scriptures in the Bible that tell us how old Jesus was when he died. What we do have are passages that tell us how old he was when he did specific tasks, as well as the cultural expectations of hisfaithcommunity regarding significant anniversaries in a person’s life at certain points in his life. The dates when he began his ministry and the length of time he spent in ministry up to his death are the ones to keep an eye out for since they are related to his death. But first and foremost, we need to know when he was born.
According to Luke 3:23, Jesus was roughly thirty years old when he began his career (26-30 AD) and remained in service for three years, putting Jesus’ death between 29 and 33 AD.
What Were Some Milestones in Jesus’ Childhood?
When attempting to calculate the age of Jesus, we must take into consideration anything that is described in Hebrews 4:15. He was completely free of sin. As a result of his Jewish background, he was raised to believe that he was flawless in accordance with the Law of Moses. Whether or not he was perfect according to the Law of Moses indicates that the expectations of the communal life guided by the Law were satisfied in a satisfactory manner. This implies that if we look closely, we can track some of his life milestones and use that information to construct a rough chronology of his existence.
- The Mosaic Law stipulated that all men were compelled to do so.
- A kid cannot become a member of this religious society unless he has undergone ceremonial circumcision.
- This was done during the cleansing rite forty days following the birth of the child.
- As a kid (Jesus) was in contact with his mother’s blood at birthing, the ritual declared him to be clean.
- Due to the fact that Jesus was the firstborn male, this was also the ceremonial of redemption.
- Teaching at the Temple when I was twelve years old (Luke 2:41-51).
- At a time when Jesus was still considered a kid and when his father was still held accountable for his moral acts, Jesus stands alongside and educates the instructors in the Temple.
- When the Magi came to visit, I was only two years old (Matthew 2:16).
- Using the information provided by the Gospel of Matthew, we may establish the ages of additional individuals associated with Jesus’ life.
- As a result, we know that Jesus was two years old when the Magi came to honor him.
We can also infer that Jesus’ family remained in Bethlehem for a period of two years following the birth of their son. While it is possible that Jesus was born in a stable, it is more likely that his family had relocated to a more permanent residence.
Do We Know What Jesus Was Doing as a Young Adult?
The Bible does not provide us a detailed account of Jesus’ life from the age of twelve until he reached full manhood, but it does provide us with some indications of what he was up to during that period. Despite the fact that the individuals who wrote the passage contained in Mark 6:3 were not depicting Jesus in a good manner, the verse did represent something that they knew about him. These are the folks who have grown up with him and who refer to him as “the carpenter.” The fact that his father Joseph was a carpenter by profession is also known from other scriptures, and it would have been expected in the culture that Jesus would have learnt his father’s craft and carried on the family business.
- It is not impossible that Jesus may have worked on some of these projects while he was a young man because they required a considerable quantity of labor to be completed successfully.
- Joseph goes into much detail about this here.
- The Essenes are not particularly mentioned by name in the Bible at any point in time.
- As a result, Jesus’ teachings on the latter days and communal life are consistent with some of the themes that the Essene community was intensely concerned about at the time of his death.
- A further point in favor of the thesis is the fact that Jesus did not marry.
- Carrying water was considered a woman’s responsibility in Jesus’ day.
- If a household possessed slaves, the slaves may be assigned to this work, although this was typically a female-only responsibility.
- According to this report from the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Essenes were known to be present in Jerusalem at the time, and they were known to dwell in houses that were divided according to gender.
- In this chapter, there is also the question of what Jesus instructs his disciples to say to one another.
- The “Teacher of Righteousness” was the title given to the leader of the Essene society in ancient times.
While we cannot be certain that Jesus was a member of the Essene community, it appears that he was at the very least aware of the Essene sect’s Jerusalem branch, its practices, and its teachings, according to the evidence.
How Old Was Jesus When He Began His Ministry?
When Jesus reached the age of thirty, he would have been eligible to begin serving in the ministry. According to Luke 3:23, Jesus was around thirty years old when he began his preaching. For him to be permitted to teach in the Temple area of Jerusalem, he would have needed to come from a lineage that authorized him to do so. When Elizabeth was revealed to be the daughter of Aaron in Luke 1:5, Mary, Aaron’s mother, was a relative of Elizabeth. The fact that Jesus is descended from Abraham gives him the authority to function in the teaching capacity that he assumed when he visited the Temple.
- A number of incidents are depicted in the Gospel of Luke to mark Jesus’ initiation into the ministry.
- The significance of this sequence of milestones and occurrences may be understood on a number of different levels.
- There are spiritual causes for Jesus’ confrontations with both temporal and spiritual powers throughout his lifetime, according to this passage.
- This puts his age at the time of his death on the cross at thirty-three years old.
- The typical lifespan in Jesus’ day, according to several sources, was thirty-five years old, which would make Jesus appear to be a much older man at the time of his death.
- I would have to agree that Jesus died very young when compared to his contemporaries.
- When he tallied up the expenses, he concluded that we were worth it.
What Does This Mean for Believers?
Many people are called by God to serve in ministry. While some people begin at a young age, and this has been the accepted standard for a long time, the tide is turning on this. Many persons who have entered the ministry in recent years have done so as second or third jobs, according to statistics (including the author of this article). Prior to entering the ministry, Jesus worked as a carpenter, which was a very different profession. Don’t allow your age deter you from pursuing your goals. Even if you are a child, keep in mind that Jesus was twelve years old when he gave his first public teaching to the Temple instructors.
- Spend a short amount of time discerning, and then follow God’s direction.
- The fact that Jesus died should be the most important factor to consider when examining his age at the time of his death.
- His age is significant in that he was not a kid and was able to make his own decisions while on Earth, since he was not compelled to do so.
- In addition, he did not die by natural causes.
- He was prepared to pay such a high price for the sake of his family.
He was here for a long enough period of time to demonstrate to us how to live, how to die, and how to live again in eternity. Credit for the image goes to Getty Images/mumemories Larry White is the pastor of Ephesus Baptist Church, which is located in Sanford, North Carolina.
When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
Speculation concerning the day and year date of Christ’s crucifixion and death derives from the absence of direct day-to-day linkage in the Gospel narratives. We know from each of the four Gospel accounts that Jesus died on Preparation Day. But was that day a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday? And what hour did Jesus die? There’s even debate over the year of his death. To uncover the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must assemble the evidence from the four Gospels and what we know of the culture at the time.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.
In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.
Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).
As it happened, they placed Jesus there since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.
- Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
- Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
- Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.
I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
- In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.
However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.
No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.
The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began
In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.
Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).
So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.
The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began
Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.
The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”
The Length of Jesus’s Ministry
To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:
- To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it would appear that the spring of AD 30 is out of the question as a viable time for the crucifixion. Jesus attended at least three (and maybe four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring, according to the Gospel of John.
This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.
If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.
The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:
|Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)
|John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified
Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover
It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.
Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.
|Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall)
|Day of Passover preparation
|Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall)
|Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins
|Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall)
|Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall)
|First day of the week
According to John, Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which is the Friday before Passover week’s Sabbath, and that he was beheaded (Mark 15:42). “The Last Supper” occurred the night before, on Thursday evening, when Jesus had a Passover supper with the Twelve (Mark 14:12). Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and concludes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most plausible date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d. 33. Accordingly, we created the following graphic in The Final Days of Jesus to illustrate the dates of Jesus’ final week in the year 33 AD:
|Beginning of Tiberius’s reign
|Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry
|A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry
|Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion
|AD 33 (April 3)
While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.
As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.
Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.
Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position.
QuestionAnswer The Bible does not specify how old Jesus was at the time of His death. Furthermore, neither the date of Jesus’ birth nor the date of His death is specified in the Bible. This makes ascertaining the exact age of Jesus at the time of His death difficult. Please review our articles on “What year was Jesus Christ born? ” and “What year did Jesus die? ” for more information. Following the narrative recounted in the New Testament, particularly the Gospel of Luke, and comparing it with Roman history, we may deduce that Jesus was born between 6 and 4 BC, which places him in the vicinity of King Herod’s death at the time.
- As a further step, we must ascertain the date on which Jesus’ ministry officially began.
- Jesus was about 33 years old when He was baptized and began His ministry, which occurred somewhere around AD 29.
- Based on the number of Passover feasts that Jesus observed throughout His public ministry—three of which are named in Scripture—it is estimated that He was in the ministry for around three and a half years total.
- As a result, it is probable that Jesus was crucified around the year AD 33.
- In addition, both of these dates correspond to historical evidence that Pontius Pilate ruled Judea from AD 26 to AD 36 and Caiaphasthe high priest served until AD 36.) Using the arithmetic, 5 BC to 1 BC = 4 years, and AD 1 to AD 33 = 33 years, for a total of 37 years.
- Jesus died when He was between the ages of 33 and 39 years old, depending on the exact date of His birth and the year in which He began His public ministry, according to various sources.
Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) What was Jesus’ age at the time of His death?
Theology Thursday: Where Did Jesus Go When He Died?
Dr. Valerie J. De La Torre contributed to this article. When it comes to Jesus Christ, who is the second member in the Trinity, the second article of the Apostles’ Creed is a broader grouping of assertions that are centered on him. This section reveals Christ’s birth, suffering, death, burial, resurrection, and ascension, as well as his predicted return to judge all of mankind (Matthew 25:31-46). In order to understand the short word that proclaims that Jesus “descended into hell,” we must first understand what it means.
We discover early references to Christ experiencing human mortality, whether viewed literally or symbolically, which makes it a fascinating factor to consider (Acts.
So, what exactly happened to Jesus when he passed away?
Did Jesus Go to Hell?
The area referred to as “hell” in this creedal declaration was formerly referred to in the Bible asGehenna, which means “the land of the dead” in Greek. It is seen as a region of perpetual torment for individuals who are rejected at the final judgment. The Hebrew name Sheol is used to describe the location in the Old Testament, and it alludes to the grave — a place far removed from God’s presence where the virtuous and the wicked both stay — in the Old Testament. As a result, the issue must be raised as to whether this is the location where Jesus was taken after his death.
- According to a subsequent interpretation, this site of descent represents Christ’s victory over the Kingdom of Satan, which was accomplished in death.
- That is, the promise of the approaching judgment at Christ’s return, in which the final victory over death and evil will be revealed, is supported by this second viewpoint.
- Although a later medieval opinion argued once more that only Christians of the pre-Christian time were in fact recipients and beneficiaries of Christ’s preaching in Hades, as intimated in Matthew 27:52 and again in Hebrews 12:23, this position was rebutted by a later medieval view.
- In other words, the anguish of the crucifixion alone was a vicarious suffering of what it could be like to be separated from God in hell.
Resolution in the Context
When spoken as part of one’s baptismal vows in ancient times, this credo was intended to draw attention to the Trinitarian nature of the ceremony, and we must examine this fact. This was seen as a profoundly symbolic and representational experience of dying and rising, which it was. The old life was now dead, and the new life was now being physically performed in the same way that Jesus’ death and dying, as well as his resurrection from this real grave experience, had been modeled. It seemed like life had triumphed over death all over again.
When considering this essential portion of the Apostles’ Creed, let us also take into consideration an updated version of the phrase which states: “he descended to the grave.” In the following creedal statement, the emphasis is on Christ’s resurrection on the third day, which points to the larger picture of this creedal declaration as a whole, and leaves no mistake as to its goal.
As a result, we can argue that Jesus came from the highest reaches of heaven only to descend to the lowest depths of hell on our behalf, ensuring that this would never become our permanent home.
Check out all of the articles from Theology Thursday and make sure to check back each week for a new installment.
These are the author’s own views and opinions, and they do not necessarily reflect those of Grand Canyon University. The views and ideas stated in this article do not necessarily reflect those of the university. Any sources that were quoted were up to date at the time of publication.
7 Clues Tell Us *Precisely* When Jesus Died (the Year, Month, Day, and Hour Revealed)
When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be? Is it possible to pinpoint the precise date? We are in the midst of our yearly commemoration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which began on Easter Sunday. All of us are aware that something like this occurred in Jerusalem during the first century. That distinguishes Jesus from mythological pagan deities, who were said to have lived in places and at times that no one could pinpoint precisely. When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be?
We have the ability to do so.
Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas
According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.
Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate
All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?
Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”
The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.
Clue4: Crucified on a Friday
There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), immediately before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they required for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.
According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).
In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.
The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer. Pesaim iv. 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation). There were still a significant number of Fridays between A.D. 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated. Is it possible to figure out which one it is?
Clue5: A Friday at Passover
It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.
- It was still early in the morning.
- As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
- There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
- Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
- In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
- No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
- The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D.
- Monday, April 18, the year 29
- Friday, April 7, the year 30
- Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
- Monday, April 14, the year 32
- Friday, April 3, the year 33
- Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
- Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
- And Saturday, March 31, the year 36
Monday, April 18, the year 29; Friday, April 7, the year 30; Tuesday, March 27, the year 31; Monday, April 14, the year 32; Friday, April 3, the year 33; Wednesday, March 24, the year 34; Tuesday, April 12, the year 35; and Saturday, March 31, the year 36; and
Clue6: John’s Three Passovers
During Jesus’ career, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers: the first, the second, and the third.
- Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.
Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the start of his career. During Jesus’ career, this event is described in John 6:4, and it is known as the Passover. Jesus’ career came to an end with the passing of the Passover, as is reported in John 11:55 (and frequently mentioned thereafter).
Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”
Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m.
on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article. However, this is the general thrust of the situation. This is the exact moment it occurred.
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The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.
4 Phenomenal Events that Happened when Jesus Died (Session 12 – Matthew 27:41-52)
“They nailed him on a cross” (John 19:1). He wasn’t the first person to die on a crucifixion; it’s believed that by the time of Christ, the Romans had crucified 30,000 individuals in Palestine alone, according to historical records. He would not be the first to do so. To the contrary, Jesus was the only One who could and did suffer on a cross for the sins of a lost world, “the righteous for the wicked, so he may bring you to God” (Romans 3:25). (1 Pet. 3:18). In order to demonstrate the one-of-a-kindness of Jesus’ death, Matthew narrates four extraordinary incidents that occurred immediately after Jesus died.
According to John MacArthur, these incidents serve as God’s own commentary on the crucifixion.
As a result, “from noon till three o’clock in the afternoon, darkness fell over the entire area” (Mark 15:25), and Jesus was crucified at 9 a.m. (Mark 15:25). (Matt. 27:45). The relevance of this: Darkness is commonly used as a symbol of judgment in the Old Testament (see Amos 5:18; 8:9). Remember that the ninth plague of the exodus event was a three-day period of darkness over the country of Egypt, a darkness that could be felt by the people of Israel (Ex. 10:21-22). Next the plague of darkness, the firstborn sons were killed in the following year (Ex.
- Death was preceded by a period of darkness.
- What is the importance of this?
- The presence of darkness as a manifestation of divine judgment draws attention to the substitutionary aspect of Christ’s sacrifice.
- 3:13; 2 Cor.
As a result, “from noon to three o’clock in the afternoon, darkness fell over the entire area” (Mark 15:25), and Jesus was crucified at 9 a.m. (Mark 15:26). (Matt. 27:45). Here’s why it’s important: Darkness is commonly depicted as a symbol of judgment in the Old Testament (see Amos 5:18; 8:9). Remember that the ninth plague of the exodus event was a three-day period of darkness over the country of Egypt, a darkness that could be felt by the people living there (Ex. 10:21-22). It wasn’t long after that the firstborn sons were killed by the scourge of darkness (Ex.
Death came first, followed by darkness.
Was there a point to all of this?
The presence of darkness as a manifestation of divine judgment draws attention to the substitutionary aspect of Christ’s death and resurrection. Jesus bore the punishment of God for our sins by dying on the cross (see Gal. 3:13; 2 Cor. 5:21; 1 Pet. 2:24).
What happened was as follows: “The ground trembled, and the rocks broke” (Matt.27:51). The significance:Earthquakes were regular in Palestine, albeit this one was unlike any other that had occurred previously. The timing of the incident, as well as the events that followed, imply that it was a supernatural occurrence. Earthquakes were frequently associated with supernatural revelation or a one-of-a-kind act of God in the Bible. Moses reported that “the entire mountain trembled fiercely” when God came to him on Mount Sinai to deliver him His law (Ex.
Warren Wiersbe draws a connection between the earthquake that occurred during Jesus’ execution and the Sinai event, arguing that the earthquake at Calvary represented the fulfillment of the demands of the law in Christ.
Because of the earthquake, according to Stuart Weber, it symbolized “the magnitude of the ‘earth-shaking’ upheaval that had just taken place with the tearing of the iron curtain.” (From the Holman New Testament Commentary)
The Dead Raised
This is what happened: “Many bodies of saints who had fallen asleep were revived from their tombs,” according to the account (Matt. 27:52). The significance: It is believed that the earthquake was the catalyst for the opening of the tombs in this location. The miracle consisted of the resurrection of a large number of saints from the dead. These would have been saints from the Old Testament. This evidence of Jesus’ victory over death is shown through these resurrections. Their resurrection serves as a foretaste of what will occur at the end of time, namely the last resurrection of which Paul writes in 1 Thessalonians 4:16: “the dead in Christ shall rise from the grave” (see also 1 Cor.
As a result, they represent the hope that all believers have as a result of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Mike Livingstone works as a content editor for the Explore the Bible products offered by Lifeway.