Flashcards – Exam 3
- Matthew is the gospel that is aimed toward a Jewish audience and depicts Jesus as the “new Moses.” “I am the Light of the World” is a statement contained in which non-synoptic gospel? “I am the Bread of Life” is a statement found in which non-synoptic gospel? B) John
- What gospel, which promotes compassion and also contains the tale of the Good Samaritan, contains many beautiful portrayals of women? D) Luke
- Jesus said that the C) Two Great Commandments included all of the most significant religious precepts. What was the dominant authority in Israel during Jesus’ time? When it comes to B) Rome, which of the following writings is contained in the New Testament? B) The Hebrews Among the Jewish monastic communities that may have had a significant impact on both John the Baptist and Jesus were theC) Essenes. One of the most important aspects of Jesus’ message was to love one another. It was primarily the work of which missionary that the early Christian belief began to spread outside of Israel. What transpired between the Easter Church and the Western Church in the year 1054, Mr. Paul? They Disintegrated
- Augustine was a Christian bishop of North Africa who published his Confessions and had a significant impact on much later Christian thought. Perhaps the most significant ritual of Christianity is the rite of entrance into the church, known as baptism
- The color purple, which represents sorrow for sin and repentance and is worn throughout Lent, represents sorrow for sin and repentance
- An Epistle is a letter written to a Christian community in the first century AD. According to tradition, Jesus appears to have believed that the pursuit of human pleasure was a significant objective. The key christian ceremonies, such as baptism and the Lord’s Supper, are referred to as sacraments in certain circles. To the books of the Hebrew Bible, Christianity made its own additions
- These writings are collectively referred to as the “New Testament.” What European movement, which grew in strength after 500 C.E. throughout Europe, was instrumental in spreading Christianity throughout the continent? Monasticism
- The Gothic cathedrals were predominantly constructed throughout the Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- In recent years, which one of the following saints has been removed from the Church year calendar due to a lack of evidence supporting his existence? Valentine’s Day
- St. Valentine’s Day The Protestant Reformation was officially launched. Martin Luther, a.k.a. Martin Luther King, Jr. Henry VIII was the founding father of the Church of England. The Eastern Orthodox Church is the branch of Christianity that is prominent in Russia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Romania
- It is also known as the Russian Orthodox Church. The Mass is the major sacrament of the Roman Catholic Church, and it is celebrated every Sunday. The patriarch of Constantinople is the bishop who is considered to be the most prominent bishop in the Eastern Orthodox Church. During the reign of Emperor Constantine, the Edict of Toleration was issued, allowing Christians to publicly practice their religion
- The Mediterranean area was the first location where Christianity expanded. Lenten preparations for Easter are a major focus of attention. What biblical book contains information on the history of the early Christian Church? What is the first branch of the Protestant Reformation, according to Acts? Lutheranism
- Calvinism is the branch of Protestantism that has placed a strong emphasis on the religious importance of hard work and discipline. The term “canon” refers to the officially sanctioned collection of biblical writings, which is derived from the Greek phrase “canonos,” which means “measuring rod.” Benedict was the guy whose rule for monkeys contributed to the organization and expansion of Western monasticism. The phrase a.d. refers to the year 2000
- Apocalypticism refers to the belief that the end of the world is approaching. It is the Greek word Christos, which means “belonging to Christ,” that we are talking about. Christianity arose as a result of the development of Judaism. The death of Jesus occurred around the time of this religious festival: Passover
- Gospel is a slang term for “good news.” In addition, Jesus was opposed to divorce since it left women unable to sustain themselves. As previously stated, Aramaic was the primary language that Jesus spoke. The early Christian movement had its headquarters in Jerusalem, and its members were predominantly of Jewish descent. When it came to early Christians, one of the most heated debates was whether or not they were required to observe Jewish rules. The gospel of Mark is widely considered to be the earliest of the gospels. Synoptic is a term that literally means “together see/same eye.” There are several parallels between the Gospel of John and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Samaritans were hated outsiders in Jesus’ day, and he was a member of one of these groups. Luke’s gospel is divided into two parts, the first of which is the book of Acts. Orthodoxy is defined as “right belief” in the Greek language. Basil was the one who drafted the regulations for how Eastern Crhistian monks should conduct themselves. Hildegard of Bingen was a medieval nun who was known for her spiritual songwriting. Among the religious orders that have placed a particular emphasis on teaching and study are the Dominicans. The first major Church council, convened at Nicaea in 325 CE, was the first of its kind. Thomas Cranmer was the Archbishop of Canterbury who was instrumental in transforming the Political Reformation in England into a Religious Reformation.
THE MAJOR FESTIVALS OF CHRISTIANITY
|THE MAJOR FESTIVALS OF CHRISTIANITY ADVENT SEASONThe Christian year begins with a period of preparation for Christmas. It is time also for looking towards Jesus’ second coming(Parousia).It is a season of expectation.CHRISTMASCelebration of Jesus’ birth (Nativity); this festival emphasizes the I NCARNATION[“the Word/Logos was made flesh and lived amongst us.”] The festival lasts twelve days and ends with theEPIPHANY, the manifestation of God in Jesus, which celebrates Jesus’ baptism, the visit of the Magito the infant Jesus, and Jesus’ first miracle when he turned water into wine at a wedding feast in Cana.* LENTForty-day preparation for Easter. It corresponds to the 40 days Jesus spent fasting before beginning his ministry. This penitential season ends with:
|HOLY WEEKbegins withPALM SUNDAY, commemorating Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem.HOLYTHURSDAYcommemorates the Last Supper and the institution of the Eucharist in Catholic, Orthodox and some Protestant churches.GOOD FRIDAYis the solemn memorial of Jesus’ death by crucifixion.
Home PhilosophyReligion Beliefs in a Higher Power Christianity Alternative titles include: Whitsunday Pentecost, also known as Whitsunday, is an important holiday in the Christian church observed on the Sunday that falls on the 50th day of Easter (Pentecost comes from the Greekpentecost, which means “50th day”). On this day, we remember the descent of the Holy Spirit on Jesus Christ’s apostles and other disciples following his death, resurrection, and ascension (according to Acts of the Apostles, chapter 2), and the beginning of the Christian church’s missionary endeavors around the globe (Acts 2:42).
- Therefore, the church’s transformation of the Jewish feast into a Christian holiday was linked to the idea that the giving of the Holy Spirit to Jesus’ disciples marked the beginning of a new dispensation that fulfilled and succeeded the previous dispensation of the Law.
- It was celebrated seven weeks after the firstfruits offerings of Passover.
- It was referenced in the 3rd century by Origen, a theologian and leader of the catechetical school in Alexandria, as well as by Tertullian, a Christian priest and writer from Carthage, who lived in the same century.
- Baptism was performed at the beginning (on Easter Sunday) and the finish (on the day of Pentecost) of the Paschal season, respectively.
- The feast was formally known as Whitsunday in the First Prayer Book of Edward VI(1549), and this name has remained in use in Anglicanchurches to this day.
- Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.
Good Friday, the Friday before Easter, is the day on which Christians commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, which takes place every year on the Friday before Easter. Good Friday has been commemorated as a day of grief, penance, and fasting from the beginning of Christian history, a quality that is reflected in the German name Karfreitag (which means “Sorrowful Friday”). Good Friday will be commemorated on Friday, April 15, 2022, in the year 2022. As recorded in the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke), the bulk of Christian tradition has maintained that Jesus’ last meal with his disciples on the evening before his Crucifixion was a Passover dinner.
- In accordance with the Gregorian (Western) calendar, this would occur on April 7.
- Christians, on the other hand, do not observe that specific day.
- However, despite the fact that this assumption is questionable, the date of both Good Friday and Easter has proceeded on the basis of this assumption.
- (See alsoPaschal Controversies for more information.) Within the early Christian community, there was a great deal of debate regarding whether and when to commemorate Jesus’ death and resurrection.
- Easter, as a celebration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, has been marked individually ever since, with Easter being regarded as the most significant of the three events.
- Themassis is not celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church on Good Friday, albeit a liturgy is held on this day.
- It is customary to read the Gospel Passion account on Good Friday, as well as offer devotion at the cross and receive Communion throughout the service.
- The service is a prayerful meditation on Jesus’ “Seven Last Words on the Cross,” and it is a contemplative meditation on Jesus’ “Seven Last Words on the Cross.” It will take place between the hours of 12 and 3 p.m.
- Good Friday During Good Friday procession in Valladolid, Spain, a procession of Nazarenos bearing a cross is seen.
- In North American churches, the Three Hour Service has grown widespread, and a variety of liturgical services are offered on Good Friday in various Protestant denominations.
- This trend was particularly noticeable in the United States.
Hans J. Hillerbrand is an American businessman and philanthropist. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica
Christian Festivals and Holy Days
Advent Sunday marks the beginning of the Christian calendar year and occurs four Sundays before Christmas in the Western churches. The Advent season lasts until the day before Christmas. Preparing for the arrival of Jesus Christ, which includes preparing for his birth as well as preparing for his presence in our lives, is the primary subject throughout the Advent season. The term advent literally means “coming,” and the season’s central focus is “preparing for Jesus’ coming.” During Advent Sunday services, some churches light the first of five candles, with the last candle being lighted on Christmas Day to symbolise Christ as the light of the world.
All Saints’ Day – 1 November
It was the early disciples of Jesus who were referred to as saints or “holy ones.” The term “Saint” (with a capital S) was first used in the first century to refer to a great man or woman from the past who had been formally recognized by the church as having lived a virtuous life of faith and who could serve as an inspiration to people today. All Saints’ Day is a festival celebrated on November 1st by many western Christian churches in which they honor and give thanks to both well-known and unknown Saints/Saints-to-be.
Many churches have begun to relocate the event to the Sunday after the holiday.
According to Christian tradition, Christ ascended into heaven following his resurrection on Easter Day, marking the beginning of the Christian year. It is traditionally observed 40 days after Easter, in accordance with the biblical events included in the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles. Roman Catholics in England currently observe the feast on the next Sunday, rather than the previous Saturday. The importance of Christ’s ascension is twofold: first, it signifies the completion of his mission on earth; second, it signifies the beginning of his reign on earth.
- It is said to symbolize the conclusion of the resurrected Christ’s earthly appearances before the disciples received the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. On the spiritual level, it is considered as the ‘ascension’ and return of the “cosmic” Christ to God, with whom he is believed to have existed “pre-time.”
Due to the fact that it does not appear to have a direct impact on people’s lives in comparison to the Easter resurrection theme of new life and the Pentecost theme of God’s Presence / Spirit, Ascension Day may be losing popularity among faithful Christians. Ascension Day is celebrated on the Sunday after Easter. For some Christians, the Ascension of Christ is more of a theological statement than a simple ‘event,’ rather than a mere ‘event’ (hence the single quotation marks in the second statement above).
Christmas Day – 25 December (Western Christians)
The birth of Jesus, whom Christians believe to be both the Messiah (or in Greek: the Christ) and the son of God, is commemorated on the 25th of December in Western Christianity (that is, divine). The birth of Jesus is commemorated on the 7th of January by Eastern Orthodox Christians. The birth of Jesus, often known as his ‘nativity,’ is recounted in the Bible, namely in the New Testament Gospels of Matthew and Luke. There is controversy among Christians as to the validity of the narratives, with some believing they describe theological truths but not historical events, while others believe they describe both.
The narrative of the nativity was taught via the use of customs such as plays and representations of the manger, or crib, that Luke’s Gospel tells that Jesus was laid in during his birth.
Christians and non-Christians alike worry about the over-commercialization of the Christmas event since it incorporates aspects of Christian, Pagan, and folk customs.
Following Jesus’ crucifixion on the Friday before Easter, Easter Sunday commemorates his resurrection as the Christ (God’s Anointed) on the following Sunday (see Good Friday). His disciples began to have a fresh sense of Christ’s presence with them as the story progressed. Easter eggs are given out as a sign of the new life that Christians feel and perceive at the core of God’s universe, and they are meant to be eaten.
Epiphany – 6 January
‘To show’ is the definition of the Greek term ‘epiphany,’ which also marks the conclusion of the twelve days of Christmas in Western Christian traditions. Epiphany is a Jewish festival that commemorates the revelation of Jesus to the non-Jewish world (or Gentiles), which is symbolized by the visit of the Magi (who might have been wise men, astrologers, or Persian priests) to Jesus, as reported in the gospel of Matthew (ch2 vv1-12). Because Matthew says that they brought three gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh, it is presumed that there were three Magi in attendance at the wedding.
The feast of the Epiphany, also known as the Epiphany Season (which lasts for at least the entire month of January), is also associated with the baptism of Jesus in the River Jordan and the story of the wedding at Cana in Galilee, as told by the author of John’s gospel, in which Jesus transforms water into wine.
In particular, the tale of the wedding at Cana in Galilee may be seen as a revelation of Jesus as the one who transforms our self-centered nature (water) into a loving, or divine, nature (grape juice) (wine).
The death and resurrection of Jesus (see Easter Day), whom Christians believe to be the Son of God, and whose life and teachings serve as the cornerstone of Christianity, are the most significant events in the history of the religion of Christianity. When Jesus was crucified, it was dubbed “Good Friday.” It was so named because Jesus set an example of sacrificial love by offering his life for the healing of the world, and it is celebrated every year on April 14. Christians reflect on Jesus’ suffering and death, and processions and/or re-enactments of the crucifixion are occasionally held to commemorate this.
Lent and Ash Wednesday
Lent is a period of preparation for Easter during which Christians devote extra time to prayer and spiritual studies, as well as going without food on occasion (fasting). Lent lasts 40 days, which is a significant number in Jewish-Christian scriptures, and it is during this time period that the Gospels indicate that Jesus fasted at the beginning of his ministry, according to the New Testament. The 40 days leading up to Easter are known as Lent in Western churches since they do not include Sundays.
Eastern churches incorporate Sundays in their calendar and begin Lent on the Monday of the seventh week before Easter and complete it on the Friday nine days before Easter in their calendar.
Christian participants are asked to be marked with an ash cross at services held on Ash Wednesday, as a symbol of their commitment to live better lives.
- More information on Lent and Ash Wednesday may be found at the following websites:
Mothering Sunday is the fourth Sunday of the Christian season of Lent, and it is distinct from the American festival of Mother’s Day in that it is celebrated on the fourth Sunday of Lent. People used to return to their’mother’ church, where they had grown up, once a year hundreds of years ago. The homecoming of children who had been working away from home, sometimes as domestic staff, provided an opportunity for family reunions. They would bring gifts for their moms, such as a simnel cake, which is a sort of fruit dessert that contains marzipan.
The holiday has now been secularized and is commonly referred to as Mother’s Day, when children honor their moms by sending them cards, gifts, and bouquets of flowers.
Pentecost or Whit Sunday
Pentecost is a holiday in the Christian calendar that commemorates the giving of the Holy Spirit, as well as God’s presence and inspiration in the lives of people in the present day. It commemorates the 50th anniversary of the appearance of the Holy Spirit to Jesus’ followers at the Jewish holiday of Shavuot, and it happens on the Sunday 50 days following the Easter celebration. According to St Luke’s account of the Acts of the Apostles (which is included in the Bible’s New Testament), the disciples were engulfed by the Holy Spirit in the form of fire and a powerful wind, and they felt empowered to tell others about Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection.
Whit Sunday (also known as White Sunday) is the name of the event because it used to be one of the most important Sundays for baptisms, and those who were baptized would be clad entirely in white.
Week of Prayer for Christian Unity 18-25 January
The Week of Prayer for Christian Unity is an international Christian ecumenical celebration that began in 1908 and is commemorated every year on the first Sunday of Lent. In reality, it lasts eight days (an octave), and Christians in the southern hemisphere often mark it around the time of Pentecost. Every year, a single nation develops the subject for the week, and this country then generates outline material that is then altered for use in other regions of the world. The subject for 2009 was ‘Reconcile Your People,’ and Korea was the country that was chosen to participate.
These people will become my people, and I will become their God “.
Calendar of Festivals and Holy Days
On the following websites, you may find a list of festivals and holy days to observe:
A guide to Christian festivals and dates
Festivals and seasons are used to categorize the events of the Christian year. Some events, such as Christmas Day, take place on the same day every year, while others occur on a variety of days throughout the year.
Easter is the most important celebration that moves, and because many other festivals have their dates established in connection to Easter, they move along with it as well.
Epiphany (6 January 2022)
The celebration of the Epiphany, or the revelation of the newborn Jesus as the Son of God who has come into the world, is historically held on the 6th of January each year.
Lent (2 March – 14 April 2022)
Lent is the 40-day season leading up to Easter, which begins on Ash Wednesday and ends on Easter Sunday. During Lent, Christians may fast or abstain from various aspects of their normal routine in order to devote more time to personal investigation and reflection on their relationship with God, among other things.
Holy Week (10 – 16 April 2022)
Lent concludes with Holy Week, which occurs during the last week of the month of April. It is the week preceding Easter, as well as the period in the Christian year during which Christians commemorate the last week of Jesus’ life on the earth.
Easter is the time of year when Christians commemorate the death and resurrection of Jesus, known as the Paschal Mystery. There are no other festivals as important as this one within the Christian calendar year. Good Friday is April 15th. Saturday, April 16, is Holy Saturday. Easter Sunday or Easter Day is celebrated on April 17th. Monday, April 18th is Easter Monday.
Ascension Day (26 May 2022)
In the Christian calendar, Ascension Day marks Jesus’ ascension into heaven 40 days after his resurrection from the grave. His ascension into heaven at the conclusion of his earthly ministry has historically been interpreted as his ascension into heaven.
Season of Pentecost (5 June 2022)
Pentecost is a Christian feast in which believers commemorate the giving of the Holy Spirit. It is observed on the Sunday that follows Easter, fifty days after the holiday. Pentecost is sometimes referred to as Whitsun in some circles.
Trinity Sunday (12 June 2022)
Trinity Sunday is a day on which Christians reflect on the essence of God rather than honoring historical events of particular significance, as is the case with other holidays.
Advent (27 November – 24 December 2022)
Advent is the time of four weeks leading up to Christmas. During the Advent season, there are four Sundays. The word “Advent” literally translates as “coming” or “arrival,” and in this context refers to the celebration of the birth of Jesus that takes place at Christmas. Christingle is an unique ceremony that involves children that can be held during Advent, Christmas, or the Feast of the Three Kings (Epiphany).
Christmas (25 December 2022 – 5 January 2023)
The Christmas season typically begins on the 25th of December and ends on the 5th of January, with the exception of few years. December 25th is Christmas Day, which is when Christians commemorate the birth of Jesus.
Moveable dates in the Christian year
Because the date of Easter varies from year to year, the dates that are dependent on Easter likewise vary: for example, Ash Wednesday and Pentecost are both celebrated on different days. As a result, when Easter comes early, it encroaches on the nine Sundays following the Feast of the Three Kings. The number of Sundays after Pentecost, on the other hand, increases in order to make up for the shortfall.
Timing of Jesus’ Death
There is a plethora of evidence, both in Scripture and in Jewish religious customs, indicating God meticulously orchestrated the date of Jesus’ death and resurrection on the cross. Listed below are only a few examples of God’s meticulous planning: Prophecies When Jesus died, the prophecies that had been made hundreds of years before his birth were exactly realized. Lamb for the Passover Seder The ritual of the high priest of slaughtering the Passover lamb had been in place for hundreds, possibly thousands, of years at this point.
- At the same time, Jesus, the Lamb of God, died in order to bear the punishment for our sins on his own shoulders.
- In the year that Jesus died, Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath, was also the day on which the Jews observed the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which was observed on the first day of the month of Nissan.
- Consider some of the striking connections that exist between this feast and Jesus’ death.
- To be able to complete his ministry and be raised to new life, Jesus also had to be killed and buried before he could be raised to new life.
- The Feast of the Firstfruits is celebrated every year on November 1.
- The Israelites returned to God the “first portion” of all they had been given in order to express their gratitude for the harvest, their acceptance that God had provided them with the gifts, and their confidence that God would continue to care for them in the future (Num.
26:1-11). They offered God the finest portion of everything they had received (Ex. 23:19). On that day, Jesus was also raised from the dead, serving as God’s firstfruits and providing assurance that the others would follow, including his own resurrection from the tomb (1 Cor. 15:20-23).
Easter is a Christian event that commemorates the belief in Jesus Christ’s resurrection. It is observed on April 1. When it happened, it is claimed to have taken place three days after Jesus was crucified by the Romans and died in around 30 A.D., according to the Bible’s New Testament. It marks the conclusion of the “Passion of Christ,” a series of events and holidays that began with Lent—a 40-day period of fasting, prayer and sacrifice—and ended with Holy Week, which included Holy Thursday (the commemoration of Jesus’ Last Supper with his 12 Apostles, also known as “Maundy Thursday”), Good Friday (the commemoration of Jesus’ crucifixion), and Easter Sunday (the celebration of Jesus’ resurrection).
Despite the fact that Easter is a religious event of great significance in the Christian religion, many of the rituals linked with it extend back to pre-Christian, pagan periods.
When Is Easter 2022?
Easter will be celebrated on Sunday, April 17, in the year 2021. Easter, on the other hand, is celebrated on a different date every year. However, in western Christian tradition (which uses the Gregorian calendar), Easter Sunday and accompanying events, such as Ash Wednesday and Palm Sunday, are regarded as “moveable feasts,” even though Easter always happens on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25, regardless of where you live. According to tradition, Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday following the first full moon that occurs on or after the spring equinox.
Easter Sunday, according to various denominations of Protestant Christianity, marks the beginning of Eastertide, often known as the Easter Season.
Easter Sunday marks the beginning of the season of Pascha (Greek for “passover”), which lasts for 40 days and culminates with the celebration known as the Feast of the Ascension, which is celebrated on May 1.
Why Is Easter Called ‘Easter’?
St. Bede the Venerable, author of the 6th-century workHistoria ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (“Ecclesiastical History of the English People”), believes that the English word “Easter” derives from Eostre, or Eostrae, the Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring and fertility who was worshipped by the Anglo-Saxons. Another school of thought holds that the term “Easter” comes fromin albis, aLatinphrase that is pural foralba, or”dawn,” which evolved intoeostaruminOld High German, which was a forerunner to the English language of today.
Religious Tradition of Easter
The resurrection of Jesus, as portrayed in the New Testament of the Bible, serves as the fundamental building block upon which all Christian religions are founded. The Christian calendar therefore considers Easter to be a particularly important occasion. It is said that Jesus was detained by the Roman authorities, mostly because he claimed to be the “Son of God,” however historians debate this claim, with others claiming that the Romans considered him as a threat to the Roman empire, as some have speculated.
The crucifixion of Jesus, commemorated on the Christian festival of Good Friday (the Friday before Easter), and his subsequent resurrection three days later are stated by the authors of the gospels to demonstrate that he was the living son of God.
More information may be found at: Why Did Pontius Pilate Order Jesus’ Execution?
Passover and Easter
Notably, Easter is also related with the Jewish festival of Passover, as well as with the story of the Jews’ departure from Egypt, as told in the Old Testament. Easter is celebrated on April 1. These connections may be seen vividly at the Last Supper, which took place the night before Jesus’ arrest, as well as in the hardships that Jesus underwent after his arrest. The Last Supper was, in essence, a Passover seder dinner. Although the Old Testament depicts it as having been given new importance by Jesus, the New Testament defines it as having been given new significance by him: He identified the matzah (or bread) he shared with his 12 apostles as his “body,” and the cup of wine that they drank as his “blood.” These rites would come to represent the sacrifice he was going to make in death, and they would serve as the foundation for the Christian ritual of Holy Communion, which is still a vital feature of Christian religious ceremonies today.
In recognition of the fact that Jesus’ imprisonment and killing were thought to have taken place during the Jewish festival of Passover, the Easter holiday is frequently celebrated in close proximity to the former event on the Judeo-Christian calendar.
The month leading up to Easter is particularly significant in western Christianity, which includes both Roman Catholicism and Protestant religions alike. Lent is the name given to this season of fasting and repentance. It starts on Ash Wednesday and lasts for 40 days, beginning on Ash Wednesday (not including Sundays). Palm Sunday is celebrated on the Sunday before Easter, and it recalls Jesus’ arrival in Jerusalem, when his people greeted him by laying palm branches across the road. A religious ceremony known as the Easter Vigil is held in many churches on Holy Saturday evening, just before the start of Easter celebrations on the following day (Easter Sunday).
Palm Week is the final week of Great Lent, and it concludes with Lazarus Saturday, the day before Palm Sunday, which is the Feast of the Transfiguration.
READ MORE:The Bible Claims That Jesus Was a Real Person.
There are numerous Easter customs that may be traced back to non-Christian and even pagan or non-religious festivals, regardless of one’s religious affiliation. Despite the fact that many non-Christians celebrate these customs, many opt to ignore the religious parts of the celebration. Easter eggs and related games such as egg rolling and egg decorating are examples of non-religious Easter traditions, as are other types of holiday customs. It’s thought that eggs signified fertility and birth in certain ancient traditions that pre-date Christianity.
the resurrection or re-birth of Jesus.
The White House Easter Egg Roll, which takes place every year on Capitol Hill and involves children rolling Easter eggs down the hill, is perhaps the most well-known Easter custom for children. MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: The Easter Egg Roll at the White House Has a Brief History
On Easter Sunday morning, a mythical creature known as the Easter Bunny visits homes and gives candy and chocolate eggs to youngsters under the age of ten. These chocolates are frequently included in Easter baskets. There is no definitive evidence as to the origins of the Easter Bunny custom, while some historians believe it was brought to America by German immigrants in the early 1700s. Rabbits are known to be prolific breeders in many cultures, and the appearance of newborn bunnies in springtime meadows has come to be associated with the celebration of life and new beginnings.
Many religious watchers of Easter, on the other hand, incorporate them in their festivities as well.
Since the lamb was regularly used as a sacrifice animal in Jewish customs and is frequently offered during Passover, an Easter supper of lamb has also been served in this tradition for centuries.
In today’s world, Easter is both a commercial event and a religious festival, with significant sales of greeting cards, candy (such as Peeps), chocolate eggs, and chocolate Easter bunnies, among other things, marking the occasion.
McDougall, H., and McDougall, H. (2010). “Easter’s pagan origins,” says the author. TheGuardian.com. A. Sifferlin’s et al (2015). “Can you tell me about the genesis of the Easter bunny?” Time.com. J. Barooah et al (2012). History, origins, symbolism, and custom of Easter eggs are all covered in this book. Huffington Post is a news website. E. Chapman and S. Schreiber have written a book on their experiences (2018). “The history behind your favorite Easter traditions.” Goodhousekeeping.com.
The Diversity Of Early Christianity
Early Christians battled from the outset to come to terms with the person of Jesus and the significance of his teaching for their own lives. Harold W. Attridge: The Lillian Claus Professor of New Testament Yale Divinity School is located in New Haven, Connecticut. TOO SIMPLE AN ACCOUNT FOR THE BOOK OF ACTS What is the narrative of the early history of the Christian church that we obtain from the book of Acts, exactly? There was a significant event at Pentecost, which would have been the next pilgrimage festival following the Passover celebration at which Jesus was killed, according to the Book of Acts, which is recorded or reported in the Bible.
- And it was at this point that the disciples of Jesus were gathered together in Jerusalem, uncertain of their future.
- And from that point on, the mission progressed in a rather straightforward manner, guided by the spirit and carried out by all of the apostles in concert with one another and in accord with one another.
- Historically, the situation is likely to be far more complicated.
- Each of those communities was likely to have had a very different perspective on the meaning of Jesus’ death and resurrection.
- While some believe in the resurrection of Jesus as a resuscitation of his corpse, others do not place much emphasis on it, preferring instead to concentrate on his teaching and the propagation of that message.
- Participants in the competition included those who insisted more forcefully on adherence of Jewish regulations as outlined in the Torah, as well as those who were more open to the admittance of gentiles without laying the burden of Torah on them.
- Accordingly, there was a great deal more variation in the early phases of the Christian movement than the Book of Acts indicates.
Early “CHRISTIANITIES” of the 2nd and 3rd Centuries are a good example of this.
We can’t conceive Christianity as a religious movement that is cohesive and coherent in its beliefs.
The development of institutions was evident in certain Christian churches, but only in a few of them.
Because of the literature discovered at Nag Hammadi, for example, we know that gnostic Christianity did not have the type of obvious hierarchical structure that other varieties of Christianity had evolved.
As a result, there was a great deal of heterogeneity in Christianity during the second and third centuries.
Perhaps the most striking distinction was seen between those who identified as gnostic Christians and those who identified as Christians according to the traditional Pauline perspective of things in the audience.
While Gnostic Christianity would have placed its primary emphasis on the message, wisdom, and knowledge (the gnosis; that is where the word gnostic comes from, the Greek word for knowledge), the knowledge that Jesus transmits, and even the secret knowledge that Jesus transmits, would have placed its primary emphasis on the message, wisdom, and knowledge.
- More on the gnostics to come.
- Morison Professor of New Testament Studies and Winn Professor of Ecclesiastical History at the Harvard Divinity School, Helmut Koester is an expert in the field of New Testament studies.
- We must keep in mind that the disciples were most likely scattered very early in the New Testament.
- What Christian rites and ceremonies should look like.
- The sources that we have tell us that Christianity began as a very diversified movement, with the establishment of churches spreading into a wide range of cultural and linguistic contexts across the world.
- No later than the year 35, but most likely as early as the years 32 or 33.
- So, within two, three, or five years after Jesus’ crucifixion, we have the establishment of Greek-speaking communities outside of Palestine, most notably in Antioch, but we also have the establishment of communities in Samaria.
- Within 20 years, Paul’s mission had spread Christianity all the way across Asia Minor, present-day Turkey, into Macedonia, and finally into Greece.
There can be no expectation that everyone would be doing and believing the same thing everywhere, singing the same hymns, reading the same scriptures, and telling the same story because of the explosive spread of Christian churches, not a very slow moderate growth, adding a few new members every few years, but an explosive spread of this movement.
- Even in Paul’s churches itself there is already a process going on, since that is why Paul writes letters: he wants to make sure that these freshly converted Christians in Ephesus and Philippi and Thessalonica and Corinth have some degree of agreement in their ideas.
- Paul had to write back and explain, “Now, I taught you nothing but Christ crucified, not Christ wisdom, which is what you must meditate in order to receive the knowledge that comes from Jesus.”” As a result, you have a clash of diverse traditions even at a very early stage of development.
- The experience of diversity is a fascinating problem in and of its own right.
- The early Christians had a hard time to discuss with each other, fight with each other to establish certain patterns and criteria for the organization of community, what was important in the churches.
- This is what they’re supposed to do.
- But the other aspect is the diversity of religious movements.
This probably should encourage us to say that our discourse, not only inner Christian discourse with other denominations, but also our discourse with other religions, with the Jews, with Moslems, with Buddhists, may in fact, indeed be very fruitful., rather than staying away from this and saying, “Oh God, now we have even more Muslims in America than we have Jews.” Which some people find terrible.
But they have to learn to say “maybe that is very good.” L.
Christianity was extremely diverse during this period, and we probably ought to think of it as a kind of regional diversity; that is, the Christianity of Rome was different than Christianity in North Africa in certain ways, and that was different from what we find in Egypt, and that different from what we find in Syria or back in Palestine.
- So, it’s a great deal of diversity.
- Justin Martyrhas his Christian school in one part of the city, and the gnostic teacher Valentinus is in another school in Rome, and another so-called heretic by the name of Marcion is also in Rome just down the street somewhere.
- Peter’s See in Rome, all there together.
- Now, what’s significant about this diversity is the fact that each form of Christian tradition tended to tell the story of Jesus in different ways.
- And this is especially true even in other parts of the empire.
- all over the empire, and by the third and early fourth centurythan you can actually count, and certainly more than you can easily read within a bible.
Meeks: Woolsey Professor of Biblical Studies Yale University INTERNAL SCHISMS AND THE DRIVE FOR UNITY Now, the early Christians put a great emphasis upon unity amongst one another, and the odd thing is they seemed always to have been squabbling with one another over what kind of unity they were to have.
- He is, ever and again, having defend himself against some other Christians who have come in and said, “No, Paul didn’t tell it right.
- There are different kinds of practice; there are arguments over how Jewish are we to be; how Greek are we to be; how do we adapt to the surrounding culture – what is the real meaning of the death of Jesus, how important is the death of Jesus?
- Now, this runs very contrary to the view.
- That is, that at the beginning, everything was oneness, everything was obvious, everything was understood and only gradually, under outside influences, heresies occurred and conflict resulted, so that we must return back somehow to that Golden Age, when everything was okay.
- The harder we struggle to attempt to reach at that initial spot where Christianity, were all one and everything was plain, the more it.
- There never been this pure Christianity, apart from everybody else and apparent, in its features.
- The fascinating thing about Christianity is that it is characterized by diversity from the beginning, and each of the diverse groups is so passionate about their own way of seeing things that they would obviously like everyone else to share their viewpoint as well.
- Naturally, they inherited this from Judaism, the belief that there is a single people of God, but they are not one and they disagree on a wide range of issues.
- As a result, the very desire for oneness results in schism, and, ironically, the mere presence of all the many schisms is evidence of the belief that there should be unity.
First and foremost, it suggests the existence of a schismatic group, a decision that differs from the mainstream, and secondly, it involves the existence of people who have incorrect notions, people who believe incorrectly about this or that, most notably concerning the identity of Jesus Christ.
- Because of this desire to form an united body of ideas, the major disputes of the 3rd, 4th, and 5th centuries resulted in the formation of what we know as orthodoxy, and in the western world, Catholicism, in the Western world.
- Those who disagree with the Apostle Paul in Galatia, and who claim, “After all, Paul presented you with a very simplified gospel, which made it simple for you to become a member of this new group.
- So Paul has not got it properly.” “No, you don’t realize how totally fresh this thing is, which God is doing here,” Paul said emphatically.
- Who is the victor?
When it comes to history, the winners always write it; if one wanted to be cynical about it, one might say, “All right, the people who eventually managed to get the greatest power and the most persuasive powers win out, and they create the history that classifies everyone else as a heretic.” and one would have to agree that there’s a great bit of truth to that statement.
Clearly skewed by imperial authority from the 4th century onward, yet there is a bizarre type of democracy at work here as well.
Without a doubt, it is a very difficult picture.