How many years has it been since Jesus came and died on the cross.
As discussed below, a variety of approaches have been used to estimate the year of Jesus’ death, including information from the canonical gospels, information from the New Testament’s chronology of Paul the Apostle’s life correlated with historical events, and information from various astronomical models. Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea from 26 to 36 AD/CE, is credited with crucifying Jesus, according to the four gospels. According to the Jewish historian Josephus, who wrote in Antiquities of the Jews (c.
116 AD/CE), Pilate ordered Jesus’ execution.
In order to determine the year of Paul’s conversion, we must work backwards from the well-established date of his trial before Gallio in Achaea, Greece, (Acts 18:12-17) around 51-52 AD/CE, the meeting with Priscilla and Aquila, who may have been expelled from Rome around 49 AD/CE, and the 14-year period before returning to Jerusalem in Galatians 2:1.
Isaac Newton was one of the first astronomers to make an educated guess on the date of the crucifixion, and he proposed Friday, April 3, 34 AD/CE as the most likely date.
Schaefer in 1990 and was determined to be Friday, April 3, 33 AD/CE.
Pratt proposed the year 33 AD/CE as a possible solution.
We are in the End of 6000 years Since Creation
We have reached the end of the 6000-year period. Since the beginning of time We have reached the conclusion of the 6000-year period since the beginning of time. We are on the verge of entering the Millennium Reign. It is time to repent for the kingdom of god is at hand. God created for 6 days and rested on the 7th day, during which time he did the following:
- The six days of creation represent 6000 years since the beginning of time to the time when Jesus Christ comes to establish His reign on Earth. The seventh day is the Sabbath, which represents the 1000 years during which Jesus Christ will reign on earth
- This is known as the Millennium Reign.
See the Genesis 7-day creation prophesy for more information (God 7000 years plan)
We are in the End of 6000 years since creation
The time span between Adam and Abraham is considered to be 2000 years. It is anticipated that it will take another 2000 years to go from Abraham to Jesus. It will take another 2000 years from the time of Jesus till His return. As a result, the time span between Adam’s creation and Jesus’ final return to the planet is 6000 years. Christ will return after 6000 years and govern for 1000 years, ending the millennium (the Millennium Reign). Because of God’s design, the world and heaven both reach the end of their allotted 7000 years, and immediately after this first earth and heaven pass away, a new earth and heaven are formed with Jesus Christ reigning eternally on the earth and in the heavens.
Rev 21:1 (NIV): After that, I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the previous heaven and the first earth had been destroyed, and there was no longer any sea.
When is the end of 6000 years since creation?
The temporal span between Abraham and Jesus is considered to be 2000 years. But what time period should we choose for Jesus? Do you want to know the date of His birth or the date of His death? The whole Bible message is centered on Jesus’ death on the cross. Take a look at what the gospel is. The crucifixion was the place where mankind was saved, the evil kingdom was conquered, and the church was birthed, all at the same time. Take a look at what the church is like. We measure time in relation to or from Jesus’ death on the cross, rather than in relation to His birth.
- Take a look at the reality behind Christmas Day The reason why Jews do not celebrate Christmas on December 25th but do so with great fervor on Passover (importance).
- Ex 12:2 (King James Version): This month will mark the beginning of the month for you, and it will also mark the beginning of the calendar year for you.
- In Exodus 12:5, your lamb must be without blemish, a male of the first year; ye must take it from among the flocks of sheep or from the herds of goats.
- It was at this period that Israel was freed from Egyptian servitude.
- A symbolic representation of the lamb who takes away the sins of the world (John 1:29) and the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross, which freed humanity from slavery.
- Furthermore, the 70-week period between Israel and Jerusalem begins before the final seven weeks of the great tribulation.
- See the church age in the prophesy of Daniel’s 70-week period.
That the old has come to an end and a new has begun.
As a result, while counting the remaining 2000 years, we begin from the moment Jesus (God) was crucified.
The Bible is quiet regarding the day Jesus was crucified, although it does provide some hints as to what happened that day.
We can get to the year 2028 if we take the year 28 AD as the year in which Jesus died on the cross and add the remaining 2000 years to that date (the year for the end of 6000 years since creation).
2000 years have passed since the beginning of time.
This corresponds exactly with the year 2028, which is the year in which the fig tree generation will come to an end.
Take the year 33 AD as the year Jesus died on the cross and add the remaining 2000 years, we arrive at the year 2033, according to the Gregorian calendar.
2000 years have passed since the beginning of time.
As a result, the conclusion of the 6000-year period from the beginning of time will occur between the years 2028 and 2033, and Jesus Christ will return for the Battle of Armageddon and to establish His 1000-year rule.
The five-year gap between 2028 and 2033 is represented by the year 2028.
Though the date of Jesus’ death on the cross is debatable, May 14th, 1948, is generally accepted as the date on which Israel became a sovereign nation and the day on which the fig tree sprouted is set.
How many years are remaining to the end of 6000 years since creation?
According to our estimations, the 6000 years since creation will come to an end between the years 2028 and 2033. There are 14 years left until the year 2028 (i.e., from 2028 to 2014). The number of years left till the year 2033 (2033 – 2014) is 19 years. As a result, from now (2014), an estimated 14 to 19 years remain till the conclusion of the 6000-year period since the beginning of time. And it is estimated that between 7 and 12 years will go between the rapture and the commencement of the great tribulation.
Even if they are mistakes, the years provide us with the opportunity to see them through to completion.
It has been shown to me that Antichrist is alive and well at this very moment, rising to take his promised place and lead the world to the great tribulation and Armageddon conflict, as foretold.
Indeed, we have reached the conclusion of the 6000-year period since the beginning of time.
Daniel’s sage advice The same way that Daniel understood the number of years specified by the Lord through Jeremiah the prophet that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem (Dan 9:2), I understand the number of years specified for all to be fulfilled by the same books that Daniel understood the number of years specified by the Lord through Jeremiah the prophet.
- Because we, the children of light, are aware of the season in which Jesus Christ will come.
- We do not, however, know the day or the hour of Jesus Christ’s second coming.
- Rev 3:3 (NIV): Take note of how you have received and heard, then hold firm to your convictions and repent.
- Christians should be on the lookout for one another.
- As Jesus said to me, “I AM coming,” I am telling you that Jesus is coming!
I don’t understand why the death of Jesus almost 2,000 years ago makes any difference to me right now.
According to our estimations, the universe has been for 6000 years and will cease to exist between the years 2028 and 2034. There are 14 years left until the year 2028 (i.e., 2028 to 2014). The number of years left till the year 2033 (2033 – 2014) is 19. As a result, starting now, in 2014, an estimated 14 to 19 years remain till the conclusion of the 6000-year period since the beginning of time. There are approximately 7 to 12 years left until the rapture and the start of the Great Tribulation, according to current estimates.
Even if they are mistakes, the years provide us with the opportunity to see them through.
It has been shown to me that Antichrist is alive and well at this very moment, rising up to occupy his predicted place and lead the world to the great tribulation and battle of Armageddon.
The creation of the universe occurred 6000 years ago, and we are now nearing its conclusion.
Insightful advice from Daniel Similar to howDaniel figured out how long He would take to finish the desolations of Jerusalem, based on the books, he figured out how long it would take me to figure out how long it will take for everything to be completed, based on the same books I figured out how long it will take for everything to be completed.
Because we, the children of light, are aware of the time of Jesus Christ’s coming.
Neither the day nor the hour of Christ’s coming is known to us at this time.
3:3 (Revelation): Take note of how you were accepted and heard, then hang on to your convictions and repent.
Christians should be on the lookout for them. Unlike the proverbial thief, Jesus Christ will not enter the world in stealth. In the same way that Jesus informed me, “I AM coming,” I am here to tell you that Jesus is coming! It is time to repent since the Kingdom of Heaven has come near.
HAVE 2,000 YEARS PASSED SINCE THE BIRTH OF JESUS?
Luxury hotels in New York are already organizing New Year’s Eve events that will cost $1,000 per guest to ring in the new millennium. One other side of the world, in New Zealand, the Millennium Adventure Co. has secured the rights to the world’s “first light,” which will take place on the slopes of Mount Hakepa on Pitt Island, about 745 miles southeast of Christchurch, on the eastern edge of the international date line and just east of it. The majority of people will be celebrating the beginning of the third century after Christ’s birth when the clock strikes midnight on December 31, 1999, despite the fact that there was no year zero and that the Roman calendar ended up with the beautiful round number of 2000.
In the opinion of one academic who has done substantial investigation into the date of the first Christmas, Christians may have only missed the true date by a few days.
2,000 years ago, it was most likely during this season that the baby who would transform the world was born, says Maier, the author of “In the Fullness of Time.” “This Christmas, then, represents the kind of jubilee that just one generation in thirty gets the opportunity to commemorate.” Many of the scholars who have attempted to pinpoint the exact date of Jesus’ birth have come up with a range of dates ranging from 7 BC to 4 BC.
- King Herod’s knowing of Jesus’ birth and conversing with wise men from the East, which is mentioned in the Bible, is a major source of contention for those who believe the present timing is correct.
- 1, as the traditional date scheme has it.
- and A.D.
- In his estimations, he was around five years off the mark: According to Maier, Jesus was born 748 years after the creation of Rome, not 753 years after the founding of Rome.
- The Gospel of Luke reports that Jesus began his career at the age of roughly 30 years old, thus if he was born later than 5 B.C., he would have been far too young to begin his ministry, Maier explained.
According to Maier, because there is no year zero, the third millennium following the birth of Christ is most likely to have begun in November or December 1996, rather than the beginning of time.
Died Like Jesus? Rare Remains Suggest Man Was Crucified 2,000 Years Ago
In what appears to be a unique piece of physical proof of the crucifixion, the technique used to killJesus Christ has been discovered. According to the Bible, scientists have discovered incisions on the heel of a man who was buried around 2,000 years ago in northern Italy that imply he was nailed to a wooden cross before he died, which they believe was in accordance with the Bible. After discovering the skeleton remains of a guy laying on his back with his arms at his sides and his legs spread while excavating a site in Gavello, a town in Italy’s Po Valley about 60 miles from Venice, archaeologists determined that the man had died in the Po Valley.
- When experts from the universities of Ferrara and Florence examined the remains more thoroughly, they discovered a lesion on one of the heel bones as well as an unhealed fracture on the other.
- That is, it is possible that the man’s feet were nailed to a hard surface (such as a wooden cross) just before he died, as evidenced by the nail marks on his feet.
- This image is courtesy of the Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti ed Ambiente for the Provinces of Verona, Rovigo, and Vicenza.
- As recorded in the Bible, Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem, which was then under Roman administration, at the outset of the Christian period, somewhere between the years A.D.
- According to the findings of the new study, Romans mostly reserved the protracted and excruciating mode of death by crucifixion for slaves, but they also used it on revolutionaries (such as Jesus), foreigners, criminals, military deserters, and other misfits from society on rare occasions.
- In addition, his diminutive build implies that he may have been an undernourished slave, and his burial was devoid of the traditional rituals associated with ancient Roman funerals—which would make sense if he had been executed.
“However, the marginalization of his interment implies that he was most likely a dangerous or defamed character in Roman society.” The crucified man’s heel bone, complete with the iron nail that punctured their bone, was discovered in 1968.
Greek archaeologist Vassilio Tzaferis discovered a 7-inch nail still attached to a small piece of olive wood inside the heel bone of a man who was discovered in one of the tombs.
In the case of the Gavello remains, the authors of the current research acknowledge that their conclusions are not as definitive as they would have liked.
They have also discovered no indication that the wrists of the condemned were affixed to the cross, as was typical practice throughout the Roman era of crucifixion.
Because to the poor state of the bones, the researchers were unable to conduct radiocarbon dating procedures on the remains.
Although the bones were discovered among layers of Roman-era remains, the researchers were able to properly deduce that the individual was executed around 2,000 years ago, which placed his killing roughly within the same time period as Jesus’ crucifixion.
April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.
However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.
No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.
The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began
In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.
Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).
So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.
The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began
Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.
The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”
The Length of Jesus’s Ministry
To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:
- In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
- In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
- And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
- 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)
This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.
If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.
The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:
|Nisan 15||AD 30||John 2:13|
|Nisan 15||AD 31||Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)|
|Nisan 15||AD 32||John 6:4|
|Nisan 15||AD 33||John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified|
Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover
It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.
Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.
|April 2||Nissan 14||Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall)||Day of Passover preparation||Last Supper|
|April 3||Nissan 15||Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall)||Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins||Crucifixion|
|April 4||Nissan 16||Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall)||Sabbath|
|April 5||Nissan 17||Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall)||First day of the week||Resurrection|
The computations in the preceding section may look difficult, but in a nutshell, the reasoning goes as follows:
|Beginning of Tiberius’s reign||AD 14|
|Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry||AD 28|
|A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry||AD 29|
|Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion||AD 33 (April 3)|
While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.
As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.
Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.
Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position. Andreas Köstenberger and he have written a book together called The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week in the Life of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived (Crossway, 2014).
Daniel Burke contributed to this article. Religion News Service is a news service dedicated to covering religious issues (RNS) As Christians throughout the world prepare to celebrate Easter, they will follow a well-known sequence of events: During Good Friday’s Passion Week, Jesus was crucified and arose from the dead on “the third day,” according to the ancient Nicene Creed. If Jesus died at 3 p.m. on Friday and was exhumed from his tomb by daybreak Sunday morning – around 40 hours later – how does it add up to three days in a calendar year?
Even Pope Benedict XVI, in his latest book, Jesus: Holy Week, about Christ’s last days, wrestles with the latter topic in the final chapter.
In the words of Marcus Borg, an advanced biblical scholar and co-author of the book The Last Week, which is about Holy Week, “the chronological problem is a bit of a mystery.” However, according to Borg and other researchers, the issue may be solved if you understand how first-century Jews measured time and if you give the four evangelists a little poetic license in their writing.
- As a result, for them, Saturday night was Sunday.
- Using these techniques of counting, a backward computation from Sunday morning to Friday afternoon results in three days.
- “The Bible uses ambiguous expressions such as ‘three days’ and ’40 days,'” Borg explained.
- Evangelical New Testament scholar Ben Witherington, who teaches at Asbury Theological Seminary in Wilmore, Kentucky, concurred with the statement.
- His research has revealed that Gospel authors did not stroll about with sundials on their wrists in the same manner that current researchers walk around with wristwatches, according to the expert.
- What causes the most concern for these believers is Jesus’ own promise, recounted in the Gospel of Matthew, that he would rise from the grave after “three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” This is the most worrying prophecy for these believers.
- John Behr, dean of St.
The Didascalia Apostolorum, a third-century Christian treatise, took a more radical approach.
That viewpoint is still promoted by several Christian denominations on the periphery.
To put it another way, “Jesus made a false prophesy,” said Robert Miller, a professor of religion at Juniata College in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania.
According to Witherington, the purpose of Jesus’ prophesy is to draw a contrast to Jonah, who was ready to die in order to save his shipmates (and who spent three days in the belly of a great fish), rather than to establish a timeline for the Resurrection.
John’s University in Collegeville, Minn., Martin Connell, refers to the chronology dilemma as a “never-ending problem.” “Because the evidence is so uncertain and the evidence is so elastic, the argument will almost certainly continue indefinitely,” Connell said.
Some biblical scholars, such as Wahlen, believe Paul is alluding to a passage in the Book of Hosea, which states that God would “heal” and “restore” Israel after three days of affliction and suffering.
According to first-century custom, it was only after three days that you could be sure someone was dead; after four days, it was assumed that the spirit had left the body.
1,981 Years Ago Today: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
TheFirst Thingsblog is carrying a new essay I co-authored with Andreas Köstenberger in which we argue that Jesus was crucified on Nisan 14 (that is, on Friday, April 3 of A.D. 33), which is the day before Easter. As a result, we believe it is very implausible that this occurred in the year 30 A.D. Here’s an extract from the book: When we write our new book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, we presume, but do not argue, that Jesus’ crucifixion occurred on a certain date.
- 30 or A.D.
- (According to astronomical data, the years A.D.
- 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.
- However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.
- No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.
- In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16).
Where was Jesus for the three days between His death and resurrection?
QuestionAnswer On the cross, after saying, “It is done,” Jesus bent his head and surrendered his spirit, according to the Bible (John 19:30). When Jesus died on the crucifixion, his corpse stayed there until it was brought down and laid in a neighboring tomb (John 19:40–42). His spirit, on the other hand, was somewhere else. Thirty-two hours later, He was raised from the dead by the reunification of his body and spirit (John 20). There has been some debate concerning where Jesus was during the three days between His death and resurrection—that is, where His spirit was during that time period.
- During Jesus’ entry into His kingdom, the believing thief requests to be remembered, and Jesus responds, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise” (Luke 23:42).
- As a result, upon His death, Jesus was taken to the region of blessing where God resides—heaven.
- Another text is frequently cited in the debate of where Jesus was during the three days that elapsed between His death and His resurrection.
- According to this understanding, the spirits Jesus addressed may have been either demonic or human in nature, but not both.
- Peter does not tell us what Jesus said to the spirits that were imprisoned, but it could not have been a message of redemption since angels cannot be rescued, as we know from the Bible (Hebrews 2:16).
- However, there is another reading of the text from 1 Peter.
- The fact that Jesus had “in spirit” taught to the people of Noah’s day while they were still alive on earth is provided by Peter as a footnote to the passage.
- The wordnow in 1 Peter 3:19 is included for clarity in the Amplified Bible and the New American Standard Bibles of 1977 and 1995, and it contrasts with the words “long ago” (NIV) and “formerly” (ESV) in 1 Peter 3:20.
The Amplified Bible and the New American Standard Bibles of 1977 and 1995 include the wordnow in 1 To further understand, consider the following paraphrase of 1 Peter 3:18–20: When Jesus died in the flesh, He was raised to life in the Spirit (it was by means of this same Spirit that Jesus preached to those who are currently imprisoned—those souls who rebelled during the period of God’s great patience when Noah was constructing the ark).
The prophet Noah was used by Jesus to teach spiritually to the people of Noah’s day, according to this viewpoint.
Another verse, Ephesians 4:8–10, is cited in the explanation of Jesus’ actions during the three days that elapsed between His death and resurrection.
According to the English Standard Version, Christ “led a multitude of prisoners.” Some believe that phrase alludes to an occurrence that is not mentioned anywhere else in the Bible, namely, that Jesus gathered all of the saved who were in paradise and transported them to their eternal home in heaven.
Another interpretation of Ephesians 4 is that the phrase “ascended up high” is a direct allusion to Jesus’ ascension.
In His triumph, Jesus had beaten and captured our spiritual adversaries, including the devil, death, and the curse of sin, and He had taken them captive.
The only thing we can be certain of is that, according to Jesus’ own words on the cross, He was taken up to be with the Father in paradise.
As well as this, we may confidently state that because His work of salvation was completed, Jesus did not have to suffer in hell. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) What happened to Jesus during the three days that elapsed between His death and resurrection?
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How Long Did Jesus Live on Earth? And What Did He Do?
The Bible, of course, is the primary source for information on Jesus Christ’s earthly existence. However, because of the narrative structure of the Bible, as well as the multiple accounts of Jesus’ life that can be found in the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John), the Acts of the Apostles, and some of the epistles, it can be difficult to piece together a timeline of Jesus’ life. Fortunately, there is a timeline of Jesus’ life available online. What were the most significant events in Jesus’ time on earth, and how long did He spend on the planet?
What Does the Baltimore Catechism Say?
Answer to Question 76 of the Baltimore Catechism, which is contained in Lessons Sixth and Seventh of the First Communion Edition and Lesson Sixth and Seventh of the Confirmation Edition, is framed in the following way: The question is, how long did Christ spend on the earth? Answer:Christ lived on earth for around thirty-three years, during which time he led a highly holy life amidst poverty and persecution.
The Key Events of Jesus’ Life on Earth
Many of the most important events in Jesus’ earthly life are honored on a yearly basis in the Church’s liturgical calendar. With respect to those events, the events are listed in the following list in the order in which we come to them in the calendar, rather than necessarily in the order in which they occurred in Christ’s life. The comments that appear next to each occurrence help to understand the sequence of events. While Jesus’ life on earth started with His birth, the Blessed Virgin Mary’s fiat (her reaction to the Angel Gabriel’s declaration that she had been chosen to be the Mother of God) is considered to mark the beginning of His life on earth as well.
- John the Baptist’s sanctification takes place while Jesus is still in His mother’s womb, when Mary travels to visit her cousin Elizabeth (John’s mother) to care for her during the last days of her pregnancy.
- On the eighth day after His birth, Jesus bows to the Mosaic Law and sacrifices His blood for our benefit, which is known as the circumcision of Jesus.
- It is 40 days after Jesus’ birth that He is presented in the temple as the firstborn Son of Mary, and as such is considered to be the Lord’s property.
- When King Herod, unknowingly informed to the birth of the Messiah by the Three Wise Men, orders the killing of all male infants under the age of three, Saint Joseph flees with Mary and Jesus to Egypt, where they would be safe for the rest of their lives there.
This is known as the “Hidden Years.” While living with Joseph (until his death) and Mary in Nazareth from the age of three to the age of thirty (the beginning of His public ministry), Jesus leads an ordinary life of piety, obedience to Mary, and physical labor, working as a carpenter by Joseph’s side during this time.
- At the age of 12, Jesus travels to Jerusalem with Mary and Joseph, as well as many of their relatives, to celebrate the Jewish feast days.
- As they make their way back to Jerusalem, they come across Him in the temple, where he is instructing men who are much older than He about the meaning of Scripture.
- In the guise of a dove, the Holy Spirit descends onto the scene, and a voice from Heaven proclaims, “This is my beloved Son.” A temptation in the desert follows Jesus’ baptism, during which he fasts and prays while also being tested by Satan.
- The Wedding at Cana: At the request of His mother, Jesus performs the first of his public miracles by turning water into wine at the wedding.
- The majority of the Gospels are devoted to this period of Christ’s life.
- These manifestations of Christ’s authority serve to reaffirm His teachings as well as His claim to be God’s Son.
- A preview of the Resurrection, Jesus is transfigured in the presence of Peter, James, and John in a foretaste of the Resurrection, and he is seen in the presence of Moses and Elijah, who symbolize the Law and the Prophets.
- ” The Road to Jerusalem: As Jesus travels the road to Jerusalem, where he will be crucified and killed, the prophetic nature of His mission to the People of Israel becomes obvious.
- The Passion and Death: The masses’ delight at Jesus’ presence is short-lived, however, as they turn against Him during the celebration of the Passover and demand that He be crucified.
- He will be in the tomb on Holy Saturday.
The Post-Resurrection Appearances of Jesus Christ: The Lord Jesus comes to His disciples and the Blessed Virgin Mary throughout the course of 40 days following His Resurrection, clarifying those elements of the Gospel concerning His sacrifice that they had previously been unable to comprehend.
The Ascension: On the 40th day after His Resurrection, Jesus ascends to the right hand of God the Father, where He will assume His position as the Son of Man.
Jesus Wasn’t Crucified on Friday or Resurrected on Sunday: How long was Jesus in the tomb?
About one billion Protestants and another billion Catholics believe that Jesus Christ was crucified and entombed on a Friday afternoon—”Good Friday”—and was raised to life again at the break of dawn on Easter Sunday morning, a day and a half later, according to the Christian belief system. This is in direct conflict with what Jesus Himself declared regarding how long He would be entombed, which is a major source of confusion. According to Jesus, how long He would remain in the grave was not specified.
Identifying God’s timetable for counting the days from the beginning of the year when these events took place as well as His biblical festivals during the spring season of the year when these events took place is essential to understanding when Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection took place, as well as the timing of His biblical festivals during that same spring season.
The scribes and Pharisees were pressing Him for a supernatural sign to establish that He was, in fact, the long-awaited Messiah.
Traditional timing doesn’t add up
The Gospels are unequivocal in their assertion that Jesus died and that His corpse was swiftly put in the tomb late in the afternoon, just before nightfall, when the Jewish Sabbath started (John 19:30-42). According to the conventional “Good Friday–Easter Sunday” timetable, the period from Friday sundown to Saturday sundown is one night and one day, or one night and one day. The period from Saturday night to Sunday morning is another night, giving us a total of two nights and one day. As a result, how can we obtain another night and two days to make the total of three days and three nights that Jesus promised would be spent in the tomb?
- In order to get around this, most theologians and religious experts argue that any part of a day or night qualifies as a day or night.
- The problem is that it does not function.
- Aside from that, the book of John 20:1 informs us that “on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early and saw that the stone had been lifted away from the tomb.” Did you notice something wrong here?
- Jesus had already been raised from the dead long before the sun came up.
- That leaves us with, at the most, a fraction of a day on Friday, the entirety of Friday night, the entirety of Saturday daytime, and the most of Saturday night.
- Something doesn’t seem to add up here.
One of two things happened: either Jesus misspoke about how long He would remain in the tomb, or the “Good Friday–Easter Sunday” time frame is neither scriptural or authentic, or both. Obviously, neither of these statements can be true. So, which of them is correct?
Understanding God’s time is the key
Identifying God’s timetable for counting the days from the beginning of the year when these events took place as well as His biblical festivals during the spring season of the year when these events took place is essential to understanding when Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection took place, as well as the timing of His biblical festivals during that same spring season. It is surprising to learn that the Bible mentions two types of Sabbath days: the typical weekly Sabbath day, which occurs on the seventh day of the week, and seven yearly Sabbath days, which occur on the seventh day of the week.
Genesis 1:5states unequivocally that God considers a day to begin with the evening (the night part) and terminate with the evening of the following day—”So the evening and the morningwere considered to be the first day.” This formula is repeated by God during the whole six-day period of creation.
This is why Jesus’ friends, Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, swiftly laid His corpse in Joseph’s adjacent tomb shortly before dusk on the last day of the week (John 19:39-42).
Two kinds of “Sabbaths” lead to confusion
Because it was the Preparation Day, and because the corpses could not be left on the cross on the Sabbath (because it was a high day on that Sabbath), the Jews petitioned Pilate to have their legs severed and their bodies removed off the cross, as John 19:31 explains. Cooking and housecleaning were done on the day before a Sabbath in order to avoid working on God’s appointed day of rest, according to Jewish tradition at the time. So the day before the Sabbath was referred to as “the preparation day” by the Jewish community.
WhichSabbath do you want to celebrate?
Because of John’s unequivocal assertion, the majority of people believe Jesus died and was buried on a Friday—hence the conventional belief that Jesus was crucified and died on “Good Friday”—and this is correct.
Because traditional Christianity long ago abandoned these biblical annual Sabbath days (as well as the weekly Sabbath), for many centuries people have failed to recognize what the Gospels plainly tell us about when Jesus Christ was crucified and resurrected—and why “Good Friday–Easter Sunday” never occurred in this manner as a result of their neglect.
- You’ll see in John 19:31that he gives an explanation as to why “that Sabbath was ahigh day”—”high day” being a phrase that is used to distinguish the seven yearly Sabbaths from the normal weekly Sabbath days.
- It is recorded in the Gospels that on the evening before Jesus was convicted and killed, He celebrated the Passover with His apostles and disciples (Matthew 26:19-20;Mark 14:16-17;Luke 22:13-15).
- According to Leviticus 23, which lists God’s feasts, the Feast of Unleavened Bread begins on the day following the Passover, which is the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Leviticus 23:5-6).
- God’s yearly Sabbath begins on this day, which is the beginning of the year.
- There are a number of Bible commentaries, encyclopedias, and dictionaries that point out that John is referring to an annual Sabbath day rather than the ordinary weekly Sabbath day here.
- Jesus observed the Passover with His disciples before being arrested later that night.
The arrangement and time of these days are revealed in Leviticus 23, and the events of the Gospels match the sequence in which they occurred.
Jesus crucified on Wednesday, not Friday
There are a number of computer software tools available that allow us to determine when the Passover and God’s other festivals will take place in any particular year. That year, A.D. 31, the year of these occurrences, the Passover supper was eaten on Tuesday night, and Wednesday dusk marked the beginning of the “high day,” or the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which began at sundown on Thursday afternoon. As a result, Jesus was killed and buried on a Wednesday afternoon, rather than on Friday.
The habit of celebrating Good Friday and Easter Sunday is just neither accurate or scriptural.
We can, in fact, do it!
Because Jesus’ body was put in the tomb shortly before the beginning of the high-day Sabbath, the women did not have time to go out and purchase the spices before the Sabbath began.
As a result, according to Mark, they purchased the spices “after the Sabbath had passed.” But take note of another eye-opening detail in Luke 23:55-56: ” “And the ladies who had traveled with Him from Galilee trailed behind, taking note of the tomb and the manner in which His corpse was buried.
- Then, in accordance with the law, they took the Sabbath day off.” Do you think there’s an issue here?
- Consequently, they purchased the spices after the Sabbath and then prepared the spices before to the Sabbath’s resting period.
- Indeed, once we realize that two separate Sabbaths are being referenced, the dilemma is no longer an issue.
- After then, Luke informs us that the women prepared the spices, which would have taken place on Friday, and that after that, “they rested on the Sabbath according to the law,” which would have taken place on Saturday.
- As a “high day,” the first Sabbath occurred on Thursday, the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which was the first day of the week.
- The ancient Greek language in which the Gospels were written also makes it clear that two Sabbath days were engaged in the events described in these narratives.
When was Jesus resurrected?
We may calculate when the Passover and other God’s festivals will take place in any given year using a variety of computer software packages. According to those plans, the Passover supper was served on Tuesday night in A.D. 31, the year of these events, and the commencement of the “high day,” or the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, was at sundown on Wednesday afternoon. So Jesus was killed and buried on a Wednesday afternoon, not a Friday morning, as is often believed today. We can’t squeeze more than three days and nights between a late Friday burial and an early Sunday morning resurrection, no matter how hard we try!
- If so, do the Gospels provide any more evidence?
- In Mark 16:1, there is a detail that is often overlooked.
- In those days, when a loved one’s body was entombed in a tomb rather than being buried directly in the earth, friends and relatives would regularly leave aromatic spices in the tomb along with the body in order to lessen the stench as the body deteriorated.
- Additionally, because stores were closed on Saturdays and Sundays, they were unable to purchase them.
- Afterwards, they returned and began preparing spices and aromatic oils for use.
The ladies purchased the spices after the Sabbath, according to Mark, “after the Sabbath had ended.” According to Luke, the women prepared the spices and aromatic oils, following which they “rest[ed] on the Sabbath according to the law of Moses.” Consequently, they purchased the spices after the Sabbath and then prepared the spices before to the Sabbath’s resting hours.
It is true that the dilemma is eliminated when we recognize that two separate Sabbaths are referenced.
When Luke describes the ladies preparing the spices, he is referring to a task that would have been completed on Friday.
A “high day” marked the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which fell on Thursday that year, making it the first Sabbath to be observed in that year.
The ancient Greek language in which the Gospels were written also makes it clear that these events took place over the course of two Sabbath days.