Chronological Index of the Years and Times from Adam unto Christ
The following chronology is based on the first edition of the King James translation of the Bible, which was produced by Philadelphia printer Matthew Carey in 1801 and is credited to him. The chronology provided is mostly based on Rev. James Ussher’sAnnals of the World, which was first published in 1658 and is still in print today. Ussher’s chronology divided the history of the universe into six ages, beginning with creation and ending with the destruction of Jerusalem. While Carey’s Bible contains a header indicating the First Age, no such heading is seen in the subsequent eras.
This is supported by the Scriptures, which are drawn from a variety of authors.
From the time of Adam until the time of Noah’s flood are the years 1656.
Enos was born to Seth, who lived 105 years.
- Cainan had Mahaleel when he was 70 years old.
- Enoch was born to Jared when he was 162 years old.
- Lamech was born to Methuselah when he was 187 years old.
- According to the seventh chapter of Genesis, Noah was 600 years old at the time of the flood’s arrival.
- From the time of the aforementioned deluge of Noah until Abraham’s departure from Chaldea, 422 years and 10 days had elapsed.
- In the following two years, Shem (who was Noah’s son) gave birth to Arphaxad.
- Salah, who was 30 years old at the time of conception, gave birth to Eber.
Peleg had Reu when he was 30 years old.
Nahor was born to Serug when he was 30 years old.
Terah had Abram when she was 130 years old.
These are 422 years and 10 days, according to the records.
When Isaac was 60 years old, he had a son named Jacob.
Then subtract 80 years from this figure, because Moses was 80 years old when he led the Israelites out of Egypt.
Amram was born to the Kohath when he was 67 years old.
As a result, the 430 years referenced in the 12th chapter of Exodus and the 3rd chapter of Galatians are included in this chronology.
Moses spent 40 years in the desert, often known as the wilderness.
Ehud is 80 years old.
Gideon has been alive for 40 years.
Tola is 23 years old.
It wasn’t until the 18th year of Jephthah that they were able to recruit a captain.
Ibzan is seven years old.
Abdon is eight years old.
Heli served as a judge and a priest for four years.
David reigned as king for 40 years.
This corresponds to the 480 years recorded in Chapter VI of the first book of Kings.
Solomon ruled for a total of 36 years.
Abija is three years old.
Jehoshaphat has been alive for 25 years.
Ahaziah has been alive for one year.
Joash is 40 years old.
Uzziah is 52 years old.
Ahaz is 16 years old.
Manasses has been alive for 55 years.
Josiah is 31 years old.
Eliakim is eleven years old.
The Babylonian captivity begins at this point in time.
After 70 years of Babylonian captivity, Jerusalem was re-edified and rebuilt from the ground up.
During the first year of Cyrus’ reign, the children of Israel were delivered.
After Darius had reigned for 20 years, Nehemiah was granted his freedom and set out to rebuild the city, which was completed in the 32nd year of the reign of the aforementioned Darius.
The total number of years is seventy-one.
In the ninth chapter of Daniel, it is said that Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and that from that time until the return of Christ, there would be 69 weeks, with each week representing seven years.
5775 years, six months, and those odd ten days are the total number of years from the beginning of the world to the present year of our Lord God 1801, according to this calculation.
In what ways was Moses similar to Jesus?
The life of Moses is strikingly similar to the life of Jesus in many respects. This foreshadows the role that Jesus will play in bringing redemption to humanity by his deliverance of the Israelites from the Egyptians and his guiding them to the Promised Land that God had prepared for them. As a matter of fact, Moses informed the Israelites, “The LORD your God will rise up for you a prophet like me out of among you, from among your brothers—it is to him that you must pay attention” (Deuteronomy 18:15).
- Here are some of the parallels between their respective tales.
- In the time of Moses, the Hebrews were slaves in Egypt, and in the time of Jesus, Israel was under the dominion of the Romans.
- Pharaoh ordered the slaughter of all Hebrew men in order to keep the population from growing too large.
- He was later discovered and adopted by a daughter of Pharaoh, who raised him as her own (Exodus 2).
- The parents of Jesus fled to Egypt until Herod was killed (Matthew 2).
- In the book of Luke, Jesus is identified as the Son of the Most High (Luke 1:32); He is also known as the King of kings and the Lord of lords (Matthew 28:18-20).
- Although He took on human flesh, He was adopted by Joseph and became known as the Son of Joseph (Philippians 2:5–11).
- The burning bush was Moses’ first encounter with God, and after some persuading, he was filled with God’s Word and the ability to perform miracles (Exodus 3—4).
In Matthew 3:16–17, the Bible says that when Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist, “the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him,” and that “a voice from heaven said, ‘This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.'” 40 years in the land of Midian, where he learned the Law and fasted, followed by another 40 days and 40 nights of fasting and intercession for the Israelites at various periods (Deuteronomy 9), and another 40 years in the desert, waiting for the Israelites to be allowed to enter the Promised Land.
- During his forty-day and forty-night fast in the wilderness, Jesus was able to successfully reject the Devil’s temptation (Matthew 4:1–11).
- Both Moses and Jesus served as leaders throughout their respective missions.
- He served as a mediator in the establishment of the old covenant between God and the nation of Israel (Deuteronomy 30:15–18), and he was a prophet who delivered God’s Word to the people and performed miracles to demonstrate his authority.
- He instructed them in the law and served as a judge for them.
- Moses directed the construction of the tabernacle, which served as a dwelling place for God among His people and a place of worship for them.
- Jesus came to earth in order to redeem humanity from sin and to bring people into a relationship with God that would remain for all eternity.
- Jesus performed miracles in order to fulfill the prophecies of the prophets.
Matthew 5:17 says that Jesus fulfilled the Law, and Matthew 25:31–46 says that Jesus will be the Judge on the last judgment day.
Hebrews 4:14–16; 10:19–23; Matthew 27:50–51 are examples of how Jesus provides us with direct access to God.
He was authoritative in His teaching, and he was strong in the miracles that He performed.
Jesus accepted young children and outcasts into his home.
Similarly, Moses divided the Red Sea (Exodus 14), and Jesus calmed the Sea of Galilee (Mark 4:35–41) and even walked on it (Mark 6:45–52) during his ministry.
God handed Moses the Law on Mount Sinai, and Jesus vowed to carry out the provisions of that Law (Matthew 5:17).
‘For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ,’ says the Bible in John 1:17.
Just as I have loved you, you are to love one another as I have loved you.
Moses had a face-to-face conversation with God and had to hide his face thereafter because it had been lighted (Exodus 33:7–11; 34:29).
His face shined brightly during His earthly ministry (Luke 9:28–36).
Moses made his appearance at the transfiguration as well.
Jesus introduced communion over a Passover dinner in order for His people to recall how His sacrifice had freed them from their sins (Matthew 17:26–29).
Multiple times throughout the desert, the Israelites expressed their dissatisfaction with Moses (Exodus 15, 22, 25, 16, 2–12, 17:2–7).
As recorded in Luke 4:16–30, Jesus was rejected by the majority of religious authorities as well as certain people from His hometown.
Judas, one of Jesus’ twelve followers, betrayed Him (Mark 14:10–11), and Jesus was executed.
When Jesus was jailed before his crucifixion, all of his followers deserted him (Mark 14:50).
Moses was a savior of the Israelites, and his role was to foreshadow the one genuine Savior—Jesus Christ—who would come later on.
Moses himself was denied entry into the Promised Place because of his sin, despite the fact that God showed him the land and buried Moses Himself there (Deuteronomy 34).
He will come one day to take us to be with Him for all eternity (John 14:1–3; Acts 1:6–11; Philippians 3:20; Revelation 21:4).
While there are many parallels between Moses and Jesus, there is one significant difference: Moses was a mere mortal.
Jesus, on the other hand, is both a human being and a divine being.
We can only be forgiven and receive salvation if we place our trust in Him and His promises.
Truths that are related: What is the identity of Jesus Christ?
Was Moses a historical figure in the Bible? What is the Mosaic Covenant and what does it entail? The titles “prophet,” “priest,” and “king” refer to three distinct roles held by Jesus. In accordance with the new covenant What exactly is it? Return to: The Bible’s Statements on Individuals
In what ways was Moses like Jesus?
QuestionAnswer Moses made the following messianic prophesy during one of his final speeches: “The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, among your fellow Israelites.” “You must pay attention to him” (Deuteronomy 18:15). The prophet whomMosesforetells will have the following characteristics: He will be brought up by God, he will come from among the Israelites, he will be like Moses, and he will be worthy of being heard and obeyed by the people of Israel. The prophet who brings these words to fruition is Jesus Christ, who is compared to Moses as a prophet.
- “Do you claim to be the Prophet?” they inquire.
- “Among you sits one you do not know,” John stated emphatically, pointing them to the One who was the Prophet: “Among you stands one you do not know.” “He is the one who comes after me, whose sandal straps I am not worthy to untie” (verses 26–27).
- The portrayal of the Messiah as “one among you” in John’s gospel parallels Moses’ statement in Deuteronomy 18:15 that God will bring up the Prophet “from among you” to be the Messiah.
- The apostle Peter asserts in his lecture at the Temple that Jesus is a prophet in the same way that Moses was (Acts 3:22, quoting Deuteronomy 18:15).
- In a number of respects, Jesus resembles Moses.
- Throughout history, Jesus was generally regarded as a prophet who uttered the Word of God (Matthew 21:46), and He issued rules for His disciples to observe (John 13:34; 15:12, 17; Galatians 6:2).
- (Luke 22:20; Hebrews 9:15).
In Exodus 2:1–4 and Matthew 2:13–14, we learn that both Moses and Jesus had a relationship to Egypt.
Moses and Jesus were both well-known for their gentleness (Numbers 12:3 and Matthew 11:29).
In Egypt, Moses led the Israelites out of physical bondage and slavery, and in the same way, Jesus led God’s elect out of spiritual bondage and slavery to sin with even more authority.
Jesus came “to announce liberation for the captives and.
“Through Christ Jesus, the law of the Spirit of life has set you free from the law of sin and death,” the Bible says (Romans 8:2).
In some ways, Moses’ miracles are similar to Jesus’ miracles.
People’s minds quickly turned to Moses’ prophesy after seeing Jesus multiply the loaves and fishes: “After the people witnessed the sign Jesus did, they began to believe that this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.” (See also John 6:14.) An other aspect in which Moses resembled Jesus was that he had personal discussions with God: “The LORD would speak to Moses face to face, as one would speak to a friend” (Deuteronomy 6:4).
- (Exodus 33:11).
- (John 10:15).
- This reminds us of Jesus’ transfiguration, when “His face shone like the sun” (Matthew 17:2).
- Moses was always ready to intervene on the Israelites’ behalf when they sinned, petitioning God on their behalf and pleading with God for their pardon.
- Sinai, which involved the golden calf, Moses interceded on their behalf twice more (Exodus 32:11–13, 30–32), and his intervention was required at other occasions as well (e.g., Numbers 11:2; 12:13; 21:7).
- In the event that someone commits a transgression, we have an advocate before the Father—Jesus Christ, the Righteous One” (1 John 2:1).
- Jesus “continues to live in order to intercede” for us (Hebrews 7:25).
- In Exodus 32:32, Moses offers his life as a sacrifice for the sins of the people.
John 10:15). Questions about Biblical Characters Return to: Questions about Biblical Characters What characteristics did Moses have with Jesus?
Subscribe to the
Get our Question of the Week emailed to your inbox every weekday morning! Got Questions Ministries is a trademark of Got Questions Ministries, Inc., registered in the state of California in the year 2002. All intellectual property rights are retained. Policy Regarding Personal Information The information on this page was last updated on January 4, 2022.
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN JESUS & MOSES
My understanding of the Bible grows as I read it, and I realize that it is not simply a collection of many separate tales, but that it is a collection of many stories that eventually convey one story. Several generations of Christians have viewed the Bible as a collection of old, heroic, and moral stories that inspire and educate us. Is there a way for any of these stories to be related to one another? Is there a common thread that runs across them all? I’m not talking about some strange conspiracy theory about how all Pixar movies take place in the same galaxy (if you haven’t heard of this idea, it’s really very fascinating, but that’s beside the point).
- Interestingly enough, it was Jesus himself who was the first to clearly establish such a “intersection” or “connection” between all of the events in the Bible—and in an intriguing twist, he argued that every narrative was ultimately abouthimself.
- Jesus, without a doubt, provides us with the proper glasses for accurately reading and comprehending the Scriptures.
- Jesus claims that all of these tales eventually point to him, that they are fulfilled in him, and that they find their fuller significance in his larger story.
- Rather than simply being the fulfillment of these other tales, his narrative is the fulfillment of these other stories in and of itself.
- It was my intention in writing this blog post to expressly address how the famous Old Testament character Moses looks forward to, foreshadows, and prefigures the coming of Jesus in several ways.
- Take a look at this: The Pharaoh of Egypt, during the time of Moses, ordered the mass execution of every Hebrew child under the age of two years.
- Moses led his people out of Egypt in order to redeem them.
He remained in Egypt throughout his childhood.
Moses was born in a straw-thatched basket, floated down a river, and was later adopted by Egyptian royalty after being abandoned by his parents.
Moses grew raised in the palace of Pharaoh, which was the most prestigious position in his society at the time.
Moses was a descendant of the Levites of Israel.
Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, where they had been held captive.
God gave Moses the ten commandments on Mount Sinai, which is where he received them.
Moses was the bearer of the law and the pointer to the gospel.
They were enslaved in Egypt for 400 years, until Moses was born and came to their aid.
Before beginning his ministry to save the Israelites, Moses journeyed through the desert and expressed his skepticism to God.
Despite the fact that Moses was king in Egypt, he gave up his position of authority in order to serve and save an oppressed people.
Incredibly, Moses was both royalty and a slave at the same time, having been born a prince while simultaneously being raised as a Hebrew.
It was a burning bush that God used to communicate with Moses, yet it was not burned by the fire.
The Red Sea was parted by Moses.
A total of 12 spies were chosen by Moses and dispatched into the Promised Land.
In prayer, Moses begged God to supply enough food for the multitudes of Israelites who were starving in the desert; God responded to his appeal by miraculously providing more manna and quail from the skies than they could possible consume.
Jesus implored with God that he would supply enough food for his thousands of disciples so that they would not starve in the countryside; God fulfilled his petition, and Jesus miraculously provided more bread and fish than they could ever consume.
Moses was the first person to receive God’s covenant.
The law was written by Moses, who is also known as the author of the law.
Moses was the first to act as a middleman.
Moses carried the Ark of the Covenant and the improvised tabernacle, which held the presence of God, around with him on his back and shoulders.
A snake was tied to a pole, and anybody who stared at it would be protected from the dreadful snakebites that would otherwise befall them.
The Passover Lamb was initially instituted by Moses in order to absorb the wrath of God.
The Passover Lamb of Moses was just a type of the Passover Lamb of Christ, who would come later.
Water was transformed into wine by Jesus.
The law was fulfilled through Jesus.
Jesus will marry the church, which is not entirely comprised of Jews, but includes non-Jews as well, who have been grafted into Israel’s salvation inheritance via the work of the Holy Spirit.
Ultimately, Jesus will guide us into the eternal, ultimate Promised Land of heaven, which will be the better Promised Land of reconciliation with God.
The same is true when we are dying of spiritual thirst in the desert of spiritual separation from God.
And I’m confident that there are more parallels to be found.
And it is precisely for this reason that I believe it to be true.
Jesus is the focal point of all existence, and God was delighted to be able to honor his Son in this manner.
As a matter of fact, Moses, for all of his greatness, is only a symbol, a pointer, and a shadow of the truer and bigger Moses, JESUS. Here are several additional instances, some of which are a little more far-fetched.
Moses – Moses the man
My understanding of the Bible grows as I read it, and I realize that it is not simply a collection of many different stories, but rather a collection of many stories that ultimately tell a single story. Thousands of years ago, ancient heroes and moral stories inspired and taught people all over the world. Does any of these stories, on the other hand, have a way of connecting them? What if there’s a common thread that runs through them all? In this case, I’m not talking about some bizarre conspiracy theory about how all Pixar movies take place in the same galaxy (if you haven’t heard of this theory before, it’s actually pretty cool, but it’s beyond the scope of this discussion).
When Jesus is speaking to his disciples in the gospel of Luke, he says, “everything written about me in Moses’ Law as well as in the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled;” He then went on to explain everything about himself, starting with Moses and all the Prophets and working his way through all of Scripture (24:44, 27).
- So the Bible is not a book that is predominantly comprised of numerous stories, but rather a book composed of many smaller stories that together convey a single, larger story.
- For better or worse, all of the other tales in the Bible are interwoven into the larger story of Jesus, in which the fulfillment of their storylines finally occurs via his life and ministry.
- Given that all of the tales of the Old Testament lead to, anticipate, and ultimately come to fruition in Jesus, it follows that these stories would contain persons and events (as well as customs and symbols) that foretell Jesus Christ in more or less visible ways.
- Although I’m sure there are more, here are a few examples of parallelism that sprang to mind: Please take a look at the following link.
- The Roman emperor Herod ordered the execution of every Hebrew child under the age of two years during the time of Jesus.
- Despite the fact that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, he and his family fled to Egypt when he was a little child in order to avoid Herod’s persecution.
- And, like Moses, Jesus ascended out of Egypt in order to rescue the entire world for himself.
Jesus, like Joseph, was born in a straw-filled barn and was visited by members of the Herodian royal family throughout his early life.
Jesus grew raised in the synagogues of Jerusalem, which were held in the greatest regard in his society during the time he lived there.
It’s possible that Jesus was also a Levite from the Hebrew nation.
During his ministry on earth, Jesus freed Israel as well as the rest of the world from the bonds of sin and death.
While teaching on the Mount, Jesus gave a new interpretation of the Ten Commandments from God.
As the law was fulfilled in Jesus, Jesus became the gospel.
Before Jesus was born and came to redeem them, the people of Israel had endured 400 years of darkness and silence from God.
In preparation for his mission to rescue the world, Jesus journeyed through the desert and was tempted by Satan.
Even though Jesus was a member of the royal family in Heaven, he chose to serve and rescue a world that was imprisoned by sin and death.
While being the transcendent Son of God, Jesus is also a descendant Son of Man, which makes him incomprehensibly both God and man at the same time inconceivable.
As an analogy, God speaks to us through Jesus’ body on a cross, which was consumed by the fire of God’s wrath but did not perish from it.
In the Sea of Galilee, Jesus brought calm.
12 disciples were chosen by Jesus, and they were sent to proclaim the truer and better Promise Land, one that is not based on earthly geography under God, but one that is based on spiritual reconciliation with God.
God answered Moses’ plea and miraculously provided more manna and quail from the heavens than they could possibly eat in one day.
Thousands of Jesus’ followers were starving in the countryside, so he pleaded with God to provide them with enough food.
As a matter of fact, there were numerous baskets of leftovers.
Christ is the consummation of God’s covenant with humanity.
Our faith is the work of Jesus, who is its originator.
Ultimately, Jesus is the final and most effective intermediary.
Rather than being confined to four walls or holy places, Jesus is the presence of God everywhere.
A similar example is the cross on which Jesus was crucified, and anyone who sees it will be saved from sin and the sting of death caused by Satan.
When it comes to sin, Jesus is the ultimate and final Passover Lamb, having fully and completely absorbed the wrath of God once and for all.
Water was turned into blood by the hand of Moses!
The law was taken over by Moses.
Although Moses married a Jew, she was not a full Jew; rather, she was a non-Jew who was grafted into the Jewish heritage.
Moses led his people all the way to the Promised Land, but he did not take them into the land itself.
As they were dying of thirst in the desert, Moses struck a rock with his staff, and the rock erupted, releasing water that quenched their thirst.
Fortunately, God struck a better Rock for our sins, Jesus, and from the blow, Living Water gushed forth, quenching our thirst for spiritual alienation from God.
That is to say, you couldn’t make something like that up.
Each page of history contains the words of God, who uses them to tell the greatest story ever told in an unprecedented display of brilliance and glory.
As a matter of fact, Moses, however great he may be, is only a symbol, a pointer, and a shadow of the truer and greater Moses, JESUS. Continuing with the theme of absurdity, here are some additional examples.
Exodus 1–10: ‘Let My People Go’
(9-26) It is Moses and the pharaoh who serve as the primary protagonists in these chapters. We now know that the Lord knew both of these guys before they were ever born into this world. Both were put to the test of mortality at this point, with the Lord certain that they would carry out their distinct roles in the future. When God called Moses, he remained calm and allowed himself to be guided by the hand of the Almighty. As a result, he performed vast and amazing miracles in order to liberate God’s chosen people, Israel, from captivity.
When it came to the Lord’s might, he was mostly unimpressed with it.
Assume you’re preparing to give a lecture in sacrament meeting with the topic “Using Exodus 1–10 as a Source of Wisdom for Personal Development.” When it comes to becoming more Christlike in our characters, what characteristics from the lives of Moses and the pharaoh would you recommend we mimic or avoid?
Exodus 21–24; 31–35: The Mosaic Law: A Preparatory Gospel
(12-26) Ancient Israel was brought to a firm understanding of the fact that the world belonged to the Lord. He is the Sovereign and King of the land. As a result, He not only has the authority to dictate its rules, but also to establish peoples on its territory. This is something that the Book of Mormon, along with the Bible, attests to. Take a minute to study the following passages from the Bible: 1 Nephi 17:36–39; 2 Nephi 1:7; Deuteronomy 4:20, 37–38; 1 Nephi 17:36–39; 2 Nephi 1:7 You can see from these texts that a nation’s claim to land is only secured by adherence to the rules of the One who owns the land on which the nation resides.
- As a result, it is the responsibility of man to establish God’s rules and build His order.
- Is there anyone who isn’t included?
- Is there such a such as a sin that solely affects the one who does it?
- What makes all sins against God crimes against God, even though they appear to cause no harm to anybody else?
- (12-27) Reread the passage with attention.
- Now, please respond to the following questions:
- Why were the ancient Israelites subjected to this more stringent law? How much more could they have gotten out of life if it hadn’t been for their wrongdoing
- Suppose they had followed the law as it was presented to them
- What would have happened as a result? Whether or if there are any members of the Church today who are in a state akin to that of the ancient Israelites, the question remains. What, therefore, is the benefit of studying the law of Moses to a modern-day Latter-day Saint
Who Was Moses in the Bible?
Moses, maybe more than any other character in the Bible, is perhaps the most well-known. Throughout his life, he took on a variety of responsibilities, which I will discuss briefly.
It’s easy to romanticize Biblical heroes who do great things, yet they were real people who had real problems, just like us. Let’s take a look at eight facts about Moses — who he was according to the Bible, as well as some specifics about his life.
1. Moses was a Hebrew.
He was born to Jochebed and Amram, both of whom were from the tribe of Levi, during the time when the children of Israel were held as slaves in Egypt. He was the youngest of three children, with a sister called Miriam and a brother named Aaron. He grew up in the suburbs of Philadelphia.
2. Moses was a special baby.
Because there were so many Israelite slaves, the Pharaoh was terrified of them, and he ordered that all of the boy newborns be slaughtered as a result. Moses’ mother shielded him from harm. For three months, she kept him concealed since she realized he was an unique baby (Exodus 2:2). Then, when she realized she couldn’t keep him hidden any longer, she built a small boat, sailed it down the Nile River, and concealed baby Moses in the reeds along its banks. He didn’t last long in the tomb before being rescued by the daughter of the Pharaoh.
It just so happened that this woman happened to be Moses’ mother.
3. Moses was raised as royalty.
After Moses was weaned, the Pharaoh’s daughter took care of him in the palace, where he was surrounded by all of Egypt’s riches.
4. Moses was a murderer.
He grew raised in the palace, yet he was well aware that he was a Hebrew. “Looking this way and that and finding no one, he murdered the Egyptian and hid him in the sand,” the Bible tells of Moses’ reaction when he witnessed an Egyptian assaulting a Hebrew slave (Exodus 2:12). Because a Hebrew slave called him out on it the next day, it wasn’t the best coverup.
5. Moses was afraid.
We are all familiar with dealing with fear, but Moses was not. When Pharaoh discovered what Moses had done, he attempted to assassinate him. Moses was on the run for his life. He spent 40 years in the desert of Midian, where he met and married Tharbis and Zipporah, and raised their sons Gershom and Eliezer. When God “.came to him in flames of fire from behind a bush,” fear arose once again in his mind. Moses saw that, despite the fact that the bush was on fire, it did not burn” (Exodus 3:2).
Moses was terrified and made excuse after excuse, the most notable of which was that he stammered.
God was displeased with Moses and became enraged with him for refusing to send someone else.
6. Moses was a courageous leader.
God enlisted the assistance of Moses’ brother Aaron in order to help him overcome his fear, vowing to support them both. Moses stepped up to the occasion. He led the Israelites out of Egypt after a long and drawn-out narrative including the 10 plagues and the Pharaoh’s resistance. When the Israelites were caught between the Pharaoh, who had changed his mind and was pursuing the newly liberated slaves, and the Red Sea, Moses encouraged them not to be scared. Maintain your resolve, and you will witness the rescue that the LORD will bring you today” (Exodus 14:13).
The prophet also said, “The Egyptians you see today you will never see again.” (Exodus 14:13), and he was absolutely correct. By the might of God, Moses was able to guide them over the Red Sea on dry ground. That was only the beginning of Moses’ brave and self-sacrificing leadership.
7. Moses was close with God.
The task that God assigned to Moses was fraught with obstacles and problems. Moses was never able to keep his feelings and inquiries hidden from God. They spent 40 days together on the summit of Mount Sinai, when God presented Moses with “.the two tablets of the covenant law, the tablets of stone written by the finger of God,” according to the Bible (Exodus 31:18). Meanwhile, the people had grown bored of waiting for Moses and had constructed an idol, which they began to worship. God was enraged by this, and He promised to murder them all instead, turning Moses into a mighty nation in the process.
God heard Moses, yet He did not respond to Moses’ pleas with His emotions.
In front of Moses, he shouted, ‘The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, preserving love for thousands, and forgiving iniquity, disobedience and transgression.’ (See Exodus 34:6-7 for further information.) Moses led the Israelites for 40 years, and God remained faithful to His promise to be with him at all times.
According to the Bible, Moses was “the only one whom the LORD saw face to face” (Deuteronomy 34:10).
8. Moses was buried by God.
God remained at Moses’ side till the very end, burying him in secrecy. Moses lived to reach 120 years old and was in perfect health throughout his life. The strength and vision of “.his eyes were not weak, nor his strength gone” (Deuteronomy 34:7). The people mourned for him for 30 days until God intervened and instructed Joshua to assume the post of leader. According to what God had spoken beforehand, Moses the servant of the LORD died there in Moab. He buried him in Moab, in a valley overlooking Beth Peor, but no one knows where he is buried to this day” (Deuteronomy 34: 5-6).
- Whether or not this is accurate, God might be burying his companion at this time.
- Danielle Bernock is a multi-award-winning novelist with a global audience.
- It is anticipated that her latest book, Because You Matter: How to Take Ownership of Your Life so that You Can Really Live, will be published in the fall of 2019.
- Image courtesy of Getty Images/Ivan96
B.C. (Before Christ) and A.D. (In the Year of our Lord)
is an acronym that, according to Webster’s Dictionary, stands for “before Christ” and refers to the period of time preceding the birth of Jesus Christ. People and events that you read about in the Old Testament, for example, lived in the approximate time periods that are listed below:
|Years Before Christ (B.C)||Event in World History|
|2100 B.C.||Abraham was called by God (approximately2100 years before the birth of Christ)|
|1525 B.C.||Moses was born|
|1445 B.C.||Ten Commandments given to Moses|
|1090 B.C.||Sampson is a judge for Israel|
|1005 B.C.||David becomes king of Israel|
|870 B.C.||Elijah the prophet begins ministry|
|740 B.C.||Isaiah begins his ministry|
|586 B.C.||Temple in Jerusalem destroyedby Babylonians|
|535 B.C||Daniel’s last vision|
|460 B.C.||Ezra returns from exile|
|356 B.C.||Alexander the Great was born|
|200 B.C.||Rome defeats Hannibal|
|37 B.C.||Herod is king of Judea|
|~4 B.C. **||Jesus is born|
A.D., according to Webster’s Dictionary, is derived from the Latin phrase “anno Domini,” which means “in the year of our Lord,” or “in the year of our Lord.” This relates to our present calendar, which is a countdown from the date of Jesus’ birth, as in:
|In the Year of our Lord (anno Domini – A.D.)||Event in World History|
|27**A.D.||John the baptizerbegins his ministry.|
|27** A.D.||Jesus begins His ministry (atthe approximate age of 30).|
|30** A.D.||Jesus is crucified on crossraised from dead (at the approximate age of 33).|
|30** A.D.||Jesus’ church begin in Jerusalemon the day of Pentecost and the Lord begins adding peopleto His church (see Acts 2:37 through the end of thechapter).|
|70 A.D.||Jerusalem and the temple destroyedby the Roman emperor Titus.|
|410 A.D.||Fall of Rome to the Visigoths.|
|1451 A.D.||Christopher Columbus was born.|
|1776 A.D.||U.S. declaration of IndependenceAdopted.|
|1914 A.D.||World War I started.|
|2000 A.D.||The world celebrates the startof a new millennium, approximately 2000 years afterthe birth of Jesus.|
** The 4 lost years:
According to the world’s current calendar, the years are counted backwards from the date of Jesus’ birth (for example, the year 2010 A.D. would indicate 2010 years after Jesus’ birth). Although there have been a number of different calendars (e.g., Roman, Jewish, and so on) and different systems of counting the number of days and months in a year throughout history, there has been a consistent pattern throughout the past two thousand years (for example, the Jewish calendarhas only 360 days). After several hundred years of international agreement on a universal definition of a year (e.g.
Despite the fact that your calendar may have indicated that it was 1940 A.D.
According to our current calendar, it was really 1943 years after the birth of Christ that this occurred.
As a result, the present date has not changed, but the dates of historical events have, for the most part, been adjusted (for example, Jesus’ birth is now reported to have occurred in 4 B.C.
If these calendar differences had never existed, Jesus would have been born in the year 0 A.D., He would have begun His ministry in the year 30 A.D., He would have died on the cross in the year 33 to 34 A.D., and you would have needed to add approximately 4 years to today’s date to arrive at the correct date.
Note about alternatives to the use of “A.D”:
Some writers now choose to use the abbreviations “c.a.” or “c,” rather than “A.D.” when referring to the year A.D. It is said that the abbreviation “c.a.” or “c” comes from the Latin word “circum,” according to Webster’s dictionary. Some, on the other hand, say that it signifies “present age.” Other writers use the acronym “c.e.” which originally meant “Christian era,” but has come to be known by others as “current era,” which refers to the time period that does not include the birth of Christ.
The Sermon on the Mount and Jesus as the New Moses
Patrick Schreiner contributed to this article. 3 years ago today
It is my philosophy while teaching the book of Matthew that the book may be summed with one word: fulfillment. Israel’s long-awaited aspirations and desires are finally realized, according to the first evangelist, in the person of Jesus. Despite the fact that Matthew links Jesus to a variety of individuals, Moses receives the most attention. Some people are startled to hear that Jesus is never referred to as “the prophet like Moses” or even “the new Moses,” as some believe he should have been.
While explicit parallels to Moses are important, basing a case on them ignores the more legendary, and at times cryptic, character of Matthew’s tale.
A distinction may be drawn, according to one academic, between “direct definition” and “indirect presentation” inside a story.
There are two basic texts in the Bible that lend evidence to this assertion.
A prophet like me from among you, from your brothers—it is to him that you will listen—just as you desired of the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly, when you cried out, ‘Let me never again hear the voice of the LORD my God, nor see this great fire again, lest I perish in this wilderness.’ ‘They are correct in their statements,’ the LORD revealed to me.’ It is from among their brethren that I will bring up a prophet like you for them to serve them.
- And I will put my words in his mouth, and he will talk to them in the manner in which I direct him to do so.
- The phrases “redemption” and “exodus” are the most frequently used to refer to Jesus as the new Moses.
- I am the LORD, your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, and the King of Israel.
- “Remember not the ancient things, nor recall the things of old,” declares the LORD, who creates a way in the sea, a passage across the huge seas, who puts forth chariot and horse, army and warrior; they fall down, they cannot rise, they are extinguished, quenched like a lamp.
As you can see, I’m up to something fresh; it’s just about to burst forth, can’t you see it? It is I who will carve a path through the wilderness and create rivers in the desert.” Matthew is the only New Testament author who builds the portrayal of Jesus as the new Moses in nearly the same way.
Discourses and Their Connection to Moses
Matthew employs a variety of things to establish a connection between Jesus and Moses, but one of the most evident is that Matthew portrays Jesus as the ultimate teacher or prophet when reading the Gospel as a whole. Matthew, in contrast to Mark and Luke, includes five separate discourses. To put it another way, he groups the teachings of Jesus together into huge chunks of information. It is evident that Matthew is putting together Jesus’ teachings in order to depict him as the new prophet, despite the fact that these talks have been given different names by different persons.
- 5-7: Blessings, and Entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven 10: Discourse on the Mission
- 13: Parables of the Kingdom
- 18: Discourse on the Community Woes, and the Coming Kingdom
- Chapters 23-25
Even more than that, B.W. Bacon has suggested that Matthew’s desire to offer his Gospel as the new Pentateuch is reflected in this organizational structure (the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures). A five-fold pattern of discourses and narrative, according to Bacon, combine to produce five “books” that make up the Gospel of Matthew. Specifically, Bacon said that Mark was edited in the book of Matthew to indicate that he was the scribe who was teaching about the nature of the Kingdom of Heaven through his structure.
Labeling chapters 1-2 as a prologue and chapters 26-28 as an epilogue, on the other hand, appears to place much too little attention on these critical portions of the book.
Some of Bacon’s critiques are valid, and some of his fundamental insights are sound.
As an illustration, Matthew depicts Jesus’ teaching in such a way that it is comparable to Moses’ teaching, who is known as the “teacher of Israel” (Matthew 23:35).
Moses and Setting up the Sermon
While the entire first discourse (the Sermon on the Mount) might be viewed through the lens of Jesus as the new Moses, I will concentrate mostly on the events leading up to the sermon. The fact that Matthew describes Jesus as the new Moses when he ascends to give the new law may be explained by four factors. First and foremost, Matthew situates the sermon within the broader backdrop of the arrival of a new prophetic voice. In Matthew 4:12–17, Jesus learns that John the Baptist has been arrested and imprisoned.
- It is difficult to overstate the importance of John’s imprisonment at this time.
- Matthew quickly identifies Jesus as the one who is greater than John by recounting the story of his baptism (Matt 3:13–17).
- It is only at this moment that Jesus begins his own ministry on the earth.
- John the Baptist is the last of the Old Testament prophets (Matt 11:13–14), and his death marks the beginning of an eschatologically new period in human history.
- To add to this reference to Mosaic imagery, Matthew’s preface to his lecture contains the opening lines of the prologue.
- The story of Moses ascending Mount Sinai to receive the law is told in Exodus 19.
- Each of the three times it is mentioned, it is in connection to Moses’ journey to Mount Sinai (Ex 19:3, 24:18, 34:4).
When Matthew refers to a mountain, he frequently does not employ the definite article unless the mountain has already been described in the prior context (Matt 8:1, 17:9).
However, in Matthew 5:1, there is no mention of a mountain that was directly preceding it.
Matthew is suggesting a comparison with Mount Sinai, which is the most significant mountain in the Hebrew Bible.
In this way, it is similar to Moses’ position when he received God’s Torah on Mount Sinai.
All three of these characteristics situate the speech in the context of the biblical mountain of Sinai.
The similarities, on the other hand, remain throughout the discourse. Matthew’s purpose appears to be to establish a connection between the law of the Torah and the law of the new covenant. As the new Moses, Jesus brings the new covenant doctrine to the people.
Matthew is concerned with achieving one’s goals. Jesus is presented in Matthew as the new Moses, to be more explicit. The way he does this is by portraying Jesus as the teacher of Israel in five speeches. In some respects, these discourses are a mirror image of the five books of the Pentateuch. Then, when Jesus begins his first talk, there are four indications that he is the new Moses. He began his ministry immediately following the death of the final Old Testament prophet (John the Baptist).
However, although Matthew never expressly states that Jesus is the new Moses, the imagery he employs is unambiguous in its meaning.
Patrick Schreiner’sMatthew: Disciple and Scribewas used as a source for this adaptation (to be published in 2019).