Anointing of Jesus – Wikipedia
Mary Magdalene is typically represented holding an ointment jug, an allusion to Jesus’ anointing with the oil of gladness. Several occurrences, including the anointing of Jesus’s head and feet, are reported in the four gospels. The events described inMatthew 26, Mark 14, and John 12 take place on theHoly Wednesdayof Holy Weekat the house ofSimon the LeperinBethany, a village in Judaeaon the southeastern slope of theMount of Olives, and he is anointed byMary of Bethany, the sister of Martha and Lazarus, according to the accounts.
Aside from the honorific anointing with perfume, which appears in other writings from the historical period, using long hair to dry Jesus’ feet, as described in John and Luke, is not documented anywhere else and should be viewed as an unusual gesture.
According to Matthew 26, Mark 14, Luke 7, and John 12, an event (or series of events – see debate below) took place. Matthew and Mark are remarkably similar in their personalities: Matthew 26:6–13 (NASB) An alabaster container of extremely expensive perfume was brought to Jesus’ attention when he was in the home of Simon the Leper, and she lavished it on his head as he was reclined at the table. When the disciples realized what had happened, they were furious. “What is the point of this waste?” they inquired.
Jesus, who was well aware of this, remarked to them, “What are you doing harassing this lady?
Poor people are something you’ll always have on your side, but I won’t always be there for you.
Truly, I assure you, everywhere this gospel is taught throughout the world, the story of what she has done will be shared as well, in her honor and remembrance.” Mark 14:3–9 (KJV) While he was at Bethany, resting at the table in the home of Simon the Leper, a woman approached him and presented him with an alabaster jar containing an extremely costly perfume made of purenard, which he accepted.
- One or two of those in attendance were muttering angrily to one another “What is the point of wasting perfume?
- “Leave her alone,” Jesus instructed.
- She has done something very wonderful for me.
- However, you will not always have me at your disposal.
- She prepared my body for burial by sprinkling perfume on it the night before.
- When a wicked lady in that town discovered that Jesus was eating at the Pharisee’s house, she made her way there with an alabaster jar of perfume in her hand.
- Afterwards, she cleaned their faces with her hair, kissed them, and sprayed them with perfume.
“Tell me, teacher,” he demanded emphatically.
One owing him five hundred denarii, while the other owed him fifty denarii.
Which of them will be the one who will love him the most now?” “I presume the one who had the larger loan forgiven,” Simon responded.
Afterwards, he turned to face the lady and addressed Simon as follows: “Do you happen to observe this woman?
Despite the fact that you did not provide me with any water for my feet, she soaked my feet with tears and wiped them with her hair instead.
Even if you did not apply oil on my head, she has sprayed perfume all on my feet.
However, whomever has been forgiven little, loves little as a result of their forgiveness.” Afterwards, Jesus told her, “Your sins have been forgiven.” “Who is this person who even forgives sins?” the other guests began to speculate among themselves.
12:1–8 (John 12:1–8) Approximately six days before the Passover holiday, Jesus traveled to Bethany, where Lazarus resided, whom Jesus had resurrected from the grave six days before the holiday.
Meanwhile, Lazarus was among those seated around the table with him, serving as his server.
Furthermore, the perfume enveloped the entire house with its scent.
It was worth the equivalent of a year’s earnings.” Not because he was concerned about the needy, but rather because he was a con artist who used to take advantage of the situation by taking what was put into the money bag and putting it in his own pocket.
“Leave her alone,” Jesus said in response. “That she should keep this perfume until the day of my funeral was the intention of the gift. Although the impoverished will always be a part of your community, you will not always have me.”
Locations where women are claimed to have anointed Jesus in some fashion, according to legend The events in the Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and John all take place at Bethany, a hamlet in Judea. The Gospels of Mark and Matthew specifically mention that it took place at the home of Simon the Leper. As recorded in Luke 7:36, Jesus had been invited to supper at the home of Simon the Pharisee, who had invited him. Thispolis (which may be rendered in English as ‘town’ or ‘city’) was Nain, according to the preceding tale of theRaising of the Son of the Widow of Nain (Luke 7:11–17), which makes it apparent that this wicked woman was residing in the town/city (Greek: v têi pólei) where Jesus was staying.
The nameless location where Mary and Martha dwell in Luke 10:38–42, on the other hand, is referred to as a ‘village’ (Greek: kómé) in verse 10 of the same chapter.
As a result, most modern scholars agree that the sinful woman in Luke 7 lived in Nain, while Luke 10’s Mary lived in a village somewhere else in Galilee, and John 11–12’s Mary lived in Bethany, Judea.
In conclusion, the hosts who welcome Jesus into their home appear to be four distinct persons in each of the four stories: Simon the Leper is a fictional character created by author Simon the Leper.
Mary of Bethany
The city of Bethany is mentioned as the setting for the accounts in Matthew 26, Mark 14, and John 12. The lady is referred to as Mary in John’s gospel, and she is the sister of Martha and Lazarus. The criticism levelled at Mary for carrying out the activity is that she used an expensive ointment that might have been sold and the earnings donated to the needy instead of utilizing it. According to the Gospels in Matthew, Mark, and John, Jesus associates the anointing with preparations for his burial, since he will be killed not many days later.
The sinful woman
Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazarus, is identified as the lady in John. In the Gospels of Mark and Matthew, she is not identified. The wicked lady in Luke’s account is an unknown character. Since Luke 7 reveals that Jesus was ministering in the northern districts of Nain and Capernaum, it is reasonable to assume that this event took place in that region. The woman employs tears, as well as perfume, to make her point.
The criticism thrown against Jesus in this tale is that he allowed a sinner to come close to him. Throughout the Gospel of Luke, Jesus makes a connection between the deed and the woman’s faults, his forgiveness, and the lack of hospitality shown by his host.
Because of confusing or missing details between the authors’ versions of numerous events in the Gospels, readers and academics have come up with a variety of alternate interpretations. Generally speaking, the tales are believed to be separate occurrences, yet they have been jumbled in some instances, leading to the belief that Mary is a prostitute. A contributing factor to this is the existence of a number of women named Mary in the New Testament, which has resulted in the interpretation of Mary of Bethany as Mary Magdalene.
At all four, there is a setting in a house for a supper, a woman, and costly perfume being put on Jesus, to which someone takes exception.
In Matthew and Mark, the house belongs to Simon the Leper, however in Luke, the house belongs to a Pharisee called Simon.
There are just a few small changes in the basic messages conveyed by the accounts in Matthew, Mark, and John, such as “The poor will always be with you” and “She put perfume on my corpse beforehand to prepare for my burial.” In Luke, however, statements on hospitality and forgiveness of sins are recorded that are not seen in the other gospel narratives.
The gospels of John and Luke diverge from Matthew and Mark in that they report that the anointing is applied to the feet rather than the head. It has been suggested that Luke is speaking about an altogether separate occurrence as a result of this, according to some. According to J.K. Elliott, “it is largely acknowledged among academics that all four narratives refer to the same occurrence.” All four evangelists adapted the tale to their own “.theological, and dramatic purpose.”, utilizing oral and written traditions to express their “.own apologetic purposes.”, according to him, explaining the discrepancies.
When her tears began to fall on Jesus’ feet, she wiped them with her hair, according to the gospel writer.
It is possible to argue that this tale could not have taken place only a few days before the crucifixion because of the various events that followed in Luke’s gospel, but this cannot be proven.
The woman’s conduct has historically been connected with Mary Magdalene, despite the fact that there is no biblical source that identifies her as such (she is mentioned by name for the first time, immediately following this episode, at the beginning of Luke chapter 8).
Another point of contention is the meaning of “the poor you always have with you.” While some have criticized Jesus’ response as indicating a lack of morality, others have argued that, given his impending crucifixion, he is simply explaining that what was done was not a choice between two moral acts, but a necessity, and would be no more criticized in Jesus’ day than a modern man purchasing a coffin for a loved one, even though there are poor who could be fed instead of According to author Kurt Vonnegut in his autobiographical novelPalm Sunday, he had been called to preach onPalm Sundayin 1980, and he chose the Gospel of John’s versionof the anointing as his text.
It was because he had “seen so much un-Christian irritation with the poor spurred by the citation” that he decided to do so; he questioned the translation, claiming it lacked the mercifulness of the Sermon on the Mount, and used the occasion to give his own translation of the passage.
When Mark has Jesus anticipate that this narrative would always be recounted in remembrance of a lady whose name escapes him, it must be an accidental irony on his part.”
- Christ’s feet are anointed by Mary Magdalene. The Ointment of the Magdalene, an illuminated book from around 1500. (Le parfum de Madeleine). James Tissot, about 1900
- James Tissot, ca.
- Foot washing, Chrism, and the life of Jesus in the New Testament are all included.
- Hornsby, 339-342
- “Jesus’ anointing of the sick” TextExcavation.com, accessed April 21, 2009. The original version of this article was published on February 8, 2012. Retrieved2012-02-03
- s^ There will always be poor people in the country, according to Deuteronomy 15:11. As a result, I command you to be kind toward your fellow Israelites who are poor and in need in your land
- Three hundred denarii in Greek
- A denarius was the standard daily salary for a day worker in ancient Rome
- J. K. Elliott’s “The Anointing of Jesus” is a classic novel. Journal of the Expository Times, vol. 85, no. 4, January 1974, pp. 105–107 “Luke 7:11 translations comparison”.Biblehub.com. Retrieved27 January2021
- “Luke 7 Study Bible”.Biblehub.com. Retrieved27 January2021
- “Luke 10 Study Bible”.Biblehub.com. Retrieved27 January2021
- “Luke 10 abEsler, Philip Francis
- Piper, Ronald Allen
- Piper, Ronald Allen (2006). Social-scientific approaches to the Gospel of John’s accounts of Lazarus, Mary, and Martha. It is available from Minneapolis: Fortress Press with the ISBN 9780800638306 and may be obtained on 9 December 2020. Liz Curtis Higgs is a writer and actress (2004). Unveiling Mary Magdalene: Discover the Truth On a Not-So-Bad Girl from the Bible is a book about the life and times of Mary Magdalene. Title page 144. ISBN 9780307552112. Colorado Springs: Crown Publishing Group. Retrieved on January 27, 2021
- Losch, Richard R., et al (2008). All the People in the Bible: An A-Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture is an A-Z guide to the saints, scoundrels, and other characters in the Bible. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ISBN 9780802824547. 3 September 2021
- Retrieved 3 September 2021
- Take a look at all of the points 339
- Hornsby, 339
- Burton, Mack, and others L.Vernon Patterns of Persuasion in the Gospels (K. Robbins, Patterns of Persuasion in the Gospels, 2008), pp. 85-106ISBN1-60608-220-5
- John 12:1–8
- Kurt Vonnegut is a writer who lives in New York City (1981). Dell Publishing, pp.324–330, ISBN 0-440-57163-4. Palm Sunday Anything that Jesus truly said to Judas was, of course, uttered in Aramaic and has passed down to us through the ages through the mediums of Hebrew, Greek, Latin, and ancient English. “The poor you always have with you, but you do not always have Me,” He may have added, or something along those lines. Perhaps a small nuance has been lost in the process of translation. I’d like to reclaim what has been taken away from me. Why? Due to the fact that I, as a Christ-worshiping agnostic, have witnessed so much un-Christian frustration with the poor, which has been fostered by the phrase “For the poor always you have with you.” If Jesus really did say it, it was a divine joke that was perfectly timed for the moment. It expresses everything about hypocrisy while saying nothing about the plight of the impoverished. Judas’ hypocrisy is a Christian jest, which permits Jesus to maintain civility with him while still chastising him for it. ‘Don’t be concerned about it, Judas. It seems likely that there will be lots of impoverished people around long when I am no longer alive.’ My own translation does not do any harm to the original language of Scripture. I’ve rearranged them a bit, not just to make them more amusing given the circumstances, but also to bring them more in tune with the Sermon on the Mount, which I’ve included below. The Sermon on the Mount depicts a mercifulness that is impervious to change or deterioration.
- Teresa J. Hornsby, “Anointing Traditions,” in The Historical Jesus in Context, edited by Amy-Jill Levine, Dale C. Allison Jr., and John Dominic Crossan, Princeton University Press, 2009, ISBN 140082737X, 9781400827374, google books
- Hornsby, Teresa J., “Anointing Traditions,” in The Historical Jesus in Context, edited by Amy-Jill Levine, Dale C. Allison Jr., and John Dominic
It takes a little of detective effort to piece together the facts about the numerous Marys referenced in the gospel accounts. The scenario you cite is particularly perplexing since there are four separate narratives with differing specifics in each of the four gospels, making it difficult to follow the narrative. A lady who is not identified is mentioned in both Mark and Matthew as anointing Jesus’ head with either nard or ointment. An anonymous woman “who was a sinner,” according to Luke, washed Jesus’ feet with her tears, anointed them with ointment, and dried them with her hair before he was crucified.
Only in the gospel of John is the woman referred to as “Mary of Bethany.” Having said that, none of the narratives indicate that Mary Magdalene was involved in any way.
Perhaps it was Mary, Martha’s sister, or perhaps it was another lady whose identity will remain a mystery to us for the rest of our lives.
The Unnamed Woman With the Alabaster Jar
As far as our perceptions of Bible women go, how did we go from sinner to whore? This harsh phrase is used solely to draw attention to the false dichotomy that has been given to Bible women, and it is not intended to imply that any woman should be subjected to this name.) Luke 7:36-39 describes a lady who approaches a house where Jesus is eating with her damaged and crying body. Using her hair to wipe the oil and tears off his feet, she anoints them with a kiss. The males in attendance are talking about her as if she isn’t even present.
With reference to the mystery woman’s character in our contemporary environment, it is simple to interpret her as “promiscuous.” Christians have historically had a proclivity to read Bible women’s non-specific sin as sexual immorality, and female promiscuity is frequently inferred from the text without any support from the text itself.
- Sometimes Bible professors go beyond suggestion and assert categorically that the anonymous lady was unquestionably a prostitute—again, despite the absence of any specific scriptural proof to support their claim.
- A footnote in the NASB refers to her as “immoral,” and there is a great deal of discussion about her character.
- Mary, whose brother Lazarus was ill, anointed the Lord with ointment and washed His feet with her hair, was the Mary who did all of this” (John 11:2).
- Because Luke’s Gospel does not include a chronological account of Jesus’ life and career, it is plausible to assume that event occurred later in Jesus’ mission than previously believed.
- According to some academics, the unidentified lady’s position as a sexually disgraced woman, a prostitute, is so unquestionable that the unnamed woman in Luke 7 must be a distinct woman from the Mary who appears in John’s comparable account.
- On two different occasions, Jesus was invited to a Pharisee’s home for supper by his host.
- On both instances, Jesus was invited by a Pharisee who went by the name of Simon.
It’s not unreasonable to speculate that two women anointed Jesus with oil at some point during his life.
In Luke’s tale, the nameless lady is thought to be a prostitute, however in John’s version, she is identified as Mary.
Examine Mary in further detail.
She then went back to her place of grieving.
Then he requested that he be transported to Lazarus, who he then revived from the grave.
But then she witnessed the miracle of Lazarus’ resurrection, something she will never forget.
She performed a great act of faith by breaking a pricey container of perfume and anointing Jesus with it.
She washed his feet with her own hair, which was a wonderful act of remorse on her part.
When Jesus allowed such a “sinful lady” to come close to him, Simon, the Pharisee, became embarrassingly ashamed.
Jesus, on the other hand, challenged Simon about his preconceived notions about Mary.
During the time when Jesus was carried off the crucifixion and put in a tomb, “Mary Magdalene and another Mary, who was sitting across the grave, were present” (Matthew 27:61).
She was poised and ready to anoint her savior once more.
Not only was the believer who anointed Jesus before his execution a nameless woman with no prior criminal record, but she also had a history of sexual transgression.
It is not honest to cast another woman in that part since we are having difficulty reconciling two different versions of the same woman.
No, she had a specific objective in mind: to anoint her savior.
In the same way as Mary did, women can gain knowledge at the foot of the Messiah.
And when we fall short and miss the actual nature of Jesus, we may come to him without feeling guilty.
This is the third installment of a series of articles examining what Christians have been taught about women in the Bible.
Read part 1 of Rahab’s story. Deborah the Judge and Jael the Just are featured in Part 2 of The Righteousand. Read Female and Male in Four Anointing Stories for additional information on this subject.
How Many Times Was Jesus Anointed?
It is not uncommon for us to hear about allegedBiblecontradictions and then carefully investigate the sections in issue to discover that they are not, in fact, contradictions at all. One such alleged inconsistency is that the Gospel narratives appear to show that Jesus was anointed both before and after his triumphal entry into Jerusalem. While this would be problematic if the Gospels were simply recounting one particular incident in history, that does not appear to be the case in this case. Throughout this essay, we’ll look at the four gospel stories from Matthew to John to argue that Jesus was not anointed for burial on a single occasion, but rather on two or possibly three consecutive times by a woman, with the first one not being done as a commemoration for Jesus’ burial.
The First Anointing
The first anointing of Jesus takes place in Luke 7:36–50, according to the chronology. The first anointing of Jesus takes place in Luke 7:36–50, according to the chronology. 1 This story differs from the portions in Matthew, Mark, and John that are fairly similar in content. Let’s take a look at the facts as they are reported in this passage:
- This incident took place in the home of Simon the Pharisee, who resided somewhere in Galilee, most likely in Capernaum, Nain, or Cana, at the time. It indicates that Jesus had just returned from Nain, where he had cured a widow’s son (Luke 7:11–16), and that he was now in Capernaum. Then, probably immediately after that, John the Baptist’s disciples came to him (Luke 7:19–23
- See also Matthew 11:1–6), and following that, Jesus gave a brief talk regarding John the Baptist (Luke 7:24–35
- See also Matthew 11:7–19
- See also Matthew 11:1–6). Moreover, according to the Gospel of Matthew, he specifically chastised Capernaum last (Matthew 11:23–30), and it appears that at this time Simon the Pharisee invited Jesus and his disciples to come for dinner
- Because John the Baptist was still alive at the time, this event appears to have occurred at least two years before the Crucifixion. John’s death is recounted in Matthew 14:10, Mark 6:27, and Luke 9:9, all of which occur somewhere within the first year of Jesus’ estimated three-year mission. According to the Bible, the Lord’s earthly ministry did not endure for a specific amount of time. It is commonly believed that Jesus’ ministry lasted three years because of the number of Passovers described in John’s Gospel
- However, his ministry could have been shorter or longer than three years
- The woman is referred to as a sinner, which could be a euphemism for a prostitute, and she is also unnamed
- She appears to have approached Jesus from behind, knelt down, broke open the flask, and began to weep
- Afterward, she cleaned Christ’s feet with her hair, crying as she did so, and then anointed Christ’s feet with fragrant oil (there is no mention of anointing Christ’s head)
- At this anointing, none of the disciples expressed concern about the expense of the ointment, but Simon the Pharisee expressed displeasure that Jesus would allow a renowned sinner to get close to him. During his discourse with this woman, Jesus acknowledged and pardoned her faults
The Second Anointing—Just Before the Triumphal Entry
The story in John 12:1–8 is the next one in the sequence of events. It differs significantly from Luke’s narrative, and while it is extremely close to Matthew’s and Mark’s accounts in many ways, it differs in a few important ways. Let’s go over the specifics of what was said in this passage:
- In Bethany, this event is believed to have taken place in the home of Lazarus, Mary, and Martha
- It took place six days before Passover (and a few days before the Triumphal Entry), and it corresponds to the timeline of the Matthew and Mark accounts, which are believed to have taken place four days later in the same city. The woman who anointed Jesus’ feet was Mary, the sister of Lazarus and Martha
- Mary anointed and then wiped Jesus’ feet with her hair, but there is no mention of her crying, either before or during the time she is anointing Jesus’ feet with the spikenard oil
- And Mary anointed and then wiped Jesus’ feet with her hair
- It appears that Judas was the only one who was furious with Mary for what he saw to be a waste of money, and that was only because he was a thief in disguise. The other disciples, apparently out of respect for Mary (and Martha and Lazarus, whom they all knew), did not dare to speak out and admonish Mary, but they did so four days later to an unknown lady, according to the Bible. For example, it is possible that Judas moaned about this “extravagance” for days and “poisoned” the disciples’ views, such that four days after the anointing, they began to argue that it was a waste of time and expressed their displeasure publicly.
The Third Anointing—After the Triumphal Entry and Just Before the Crucifixion
Jesus’ last anointing is recorded chronologically in both theMatthew 26:6–13 andMark 14:3–9 narratives, which are identical to one another. Let’s have a look at the facts as they are reported in the two passages: Immediately following the Triumphal Entry and two days before the Passover, Christ was anointed with oil, which took place immediately before his death on the cross.
- This occurred in the house of Simon the Leper in Bethany, where the incident took place. Some have attempted to reconcile the Matthew and Mark narratives with the Luke account on the basis of the host’s name being Simon, but this has proven unsuccessful. This is certainly not the same Simon who appears in Luke’s story because a leper, even one who had been cleansed of his sins, would have been refused membership as a Pharisee. In addition, as previously stated, the dates and locations are different. As far as we know, this is the only story in which Jesus’ head (rather than his feet) was anointed. According to some stories, an anonymous lady broke an alabaster box containing fragrant oil (in other versions, it is referred to as “ointment”) and poured it on Jesus’ head. The lady appears to have approached Jesus from the front before she broke the box open
- Jesus mentions her, but does not appear to address her directly
- The box is identified as spikenard by Mark. She will be remembered as a result of her actions, according to him, everywhere the gospel is proclaimed. For some who have attempted to reconcile this narrative with the one recorded in John, it is exceedingly implausible that Jesus would not mention her name or speak directly to her if she was Mary, the sister of Lazarus, as some have claimed. But the circumstances are different this time, as previously said
- The lady here anointed Jesus’ head rather than his feet, and she did not do it with her hair
- And several of the disciples are concerned at the expense of this, with more than one objecting out loud. This anointing took place after the Triumphal Entry and two days before the Passover, just before Christ was crucified
- It took place after the Triumphal Entry and two days before the Passover
- It took place just before Christ was crucified
Another Possible Solution
Because of the many parallels between the stories of Matthew, Mark, and John, many experts believe that a different explanation than that provided above is preferable. 2 They think that the events described in these three Gospels occurred at the same time. Take a look at the following similarities:
- The ointment was evidently worth the same amount (300 denarii) according to the narratives, and several persons in the room objected to the deed
- Matthew and Mark describe the disciples as being outraged, while John states that Judas raised his voice in opposition to the conduct. When the Lord speaks to the disciples and Judas, His response is virtually same in all accounts, albeit His response in John is slightly shorter. In response, he informs them that they will always have the poor with them and that they should leave her alone because her actions are connected to his burial.
According to this probable harmonization, John is accurate in stating that this occurrence occurred in Bethany six days before the Passover celebration. When the incident took place, Matthew and Mark don’t say when it did so explicitly. In these two Gospels, it comes after a discussion of the Jewish leaders’ plotting to arrest and execute Jesus, a discussion that was said to have taken place two days before the Passover holiday. As a result of this proposed solution, Matthew and Mark in Matthew 26:14 and Mark 14:10 make a passing reference to the account of Christ’s anointing that took place four days earlier before returning to the narrative of Christ’s betrayal by Judas.
This, however, poses a number of additional issues.
Although it is unlikely, it is plausible that Simon the Leper invited Jesus and his followers over for a supper, and that Martha aided with the food preparation at his home.
Also, according to this interpretation, the Lord’s head and feet were anointed at the same time because Matthew and Mark mention the Lord’s head being anointed while John emphasizes the Lord’s feet being anointed.
Different Circumstances, Different Dates, and Different Accounts
In most cases, the anointing recounted in Luke is not the same as the anointing or anointings reported in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and John. It has been demonstrated above that there are at least two feasible solutions to the purported conflict. Although I believe the first alternative makes more logic, any option demonstrates that the texts do not contradict one another. The specifics of all three versions varied greatly, and this is not due to any inconsistencies, but rather to the likelihood that Jesus was anointed with various oils at different times.
- There were three anointings that took place in three distinct residences in two different cities, with the first event taking place around two years before the second and third occurrences, respectively (which were four days apart).
- His feet were anointed three times, and during the final anointing, the pungent oil of spikenard was sprayed all over his head.
- Instead, it appears that the lady performed the anointing as a love and thankfulness gift, and that Jesus accepted her offering and forgiven her sins.
- In this instance, the “contradiction” comes as a result of the anointing sections being muddled or coerced into a single story when they are not intended to be combined.
Matthew 26:6–13; Mark 14:3–9; Luke 7:36–50; John 12:1–8
Sixth, when Jesus was in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, Leprosy was a word used to describe a variety of skin illnesses; see Leviticus 13 ” href=” f1-“>17. awomancameuptohimwithanalabasterflaskofveryexpensiveointment,andshepoureditonhisheadashereclinedattable. “Why this waste?” they demanded, when they realized what had happened to the disobedient. 9 For this, it might have been sold for a huge quantity of money and the x donated to the destitute.” “Why are you causing problems for her?” replied Jesus, who was well aware of what they were doing.
11 Forz you’ll always have the poor with you, buta you’ll never have me with you.
13 Truly, I say to you, whereverc thisgospelisproclaimedinthewholeworld, what she has done will also be remembered in her honor.”
Jesus Anointed at Bethany
Leprosy was a name used to describe a variety of skin ailments; see Leviticus 13 for further information. 3b Andwhilehewasatc BethanyinthehouseofSimontheleper, “A href=” f1-“>Anchor text: 1ashewasrecliningattable,awomancamewithanalabasterflaskofointmentofpurenard,verycostly,andshebroketheflaskandpoureditoverhishead. Four people expressed their outrage by asking themselves, “Why was the ointment used in that manner? 5 Thisointmentcouldhavebeenavailableforsaleformorethanthreehundreddollars. arii It was equivalent to a day’s salary for a laborer ” href=” f2-“> “>2 and d were given to the less fortunate.” And they reprimanded her for it.
However, you will not always have me. 8i She has completed her tasks; she has anointed my body prior to burial in preparation for burial. 9 And really, I say to you, wherever the gospel is preached throughout the entire globe, what she has done will be remembered.”
A Sinful Woman Forgiven
36u One of the Pharisees approached him and invited him to join him for dinner; he agreed and went to the Pharisee’s house to accept the invitation. And behold, a woman of the city, who was a sinner, when she learned that he was reclining at table in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster flask of ointment,38 and standing behind himathisfeet with tears in her eyes began to wet thisfeet with her tears and wipe them with the hair of her head, kissing his feet and anointing them with the ointment.
- One owed five hundred and fifty denarii, while the other owed fifty.
- Nowwhichofthemwilllovehimmore?” 43 Simon responded, “I’m assuming it was for this person that he forgave the greater debt.” Andhesaidtohim,“Youhavejudgedrightly.” 44 ThenturningtowardthewomanhesaidtoSimon,“Doyouseethiswoman?
- .45f You offered me a kiss, but she hasn’t stopped kissing my feet from the moment I arrived.
- 47 As a result, I tell you that her crimes, which are numerous, are forgiven—because she was greatly loved.
- 49 Then those who were seated at the meal with him started to ask among” href=” f1-“>1themselves, “Who is he, who even forgives sins?” 50 “Your faith has rescued you,” Jesus told the woman, “and now depart in peace.”
Mary Anoints Jesus at Bethany
12 Because it was six days before Passover,j Jesus traveled to Bethany,k where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had resurrected from the grave. 2 As a result, they prepared a meal for him there. Martha served, and Lazarus was among those who sat at the table with him. Therefore, 3m Marytookapound Greeklitera; an alitra (or Roman pound) was about 11 1/2 ounces or 327 grams. A href=” f1-“>1ofexpensiveointmentmadefrompurenard was applied to the feet of Jesus, and she cleaned the soles of his feet with her hair.
4 Nevertheless, Judas Iscariot, one of his followers (and the man who was about to betrayhim), asked,5 “Why wasn’t this ointment sold for three hundred denarii?” “Adenarius was the equivalent of a day’s salary for a laborer.” Is 2andn given to the poor?
6 He stated this not because he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and because he was in charge of the moneybag, he used it to help himself to whatever was placed in it.
7 “Leaveheralone,sothatshemaykeepit,” Jesus said, or “Leave her alone, since she planned to keep it.” href=” f3-“>3forthedayofmyburial”>3forthedayofmyburial 8 For the impoverished, you constantly have them with you, yet you never have them with you.”
Bible Gateway passage: John 12:1-8 – New International Version
The day before Passover, B)”>(B)Jesus traveled to Bethany, C)”>(C), where Lazarus dwelt, whom Jesus had resurrected from the grave six days before the festival of Passover. 2A supper was held in Jesus’ honor at this location. Martha served, D)”>(D)while Lazarus sat at the table with him and the others who had gathered around him. 3Then Mary brought approximately a pint of pure nard, which was a costly perfume; E)”>(E)she poured it on Jesus’ feet and rubbed his feet with her hair, which was a symbol of her devotion to her son.
In response to his objection, Judas Iscariot, one of his followers, who was ultimately to betray him, G)”>(G) questioned, “5”Why wasn’t this perfume sold and the proceeds given to the poor?” “It was the equivalent of a year’s pay.” Sixth, he did not say this because he want to aid the needy, but rather because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, H)”>(H)he was accustomed to taking what was placed in it for himself.
- 7 “Leave her alone,” Jesus said in response.
- It’s true that you’ll always have the poor among you,J)”>(J)but it’s also true that you’ll never have me.” Read the entire chapter.
- All rights are retained around the world.
- Zondervan has copyright protection till the year 2019.
Bible Gateway Recommends
Andrea Solario is a freelance writer and editor based in New York City (c.1524) Mary Magdalene (also known as Mary Magdalene) is a Christian saint who lived during the time of Jesus Christ. What she has done will be told in her memory whenever the gospel is proclaimed throughout the world,’ says the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (Matthew 14:9) Despite the fact that the lady who pours perfume on Jesus in the days before his death is mentioned in the gospels, it is difficult to learn anything about her beyond the broad strokes provided by the gospel accounts.
According to Mark’s account (usually regarded to be the first of the gospels to have been written down, and to be the simplest in terms of language and organization), these are the first words of Jesus: “I am the Christ, the Son of the living God.” He was in Bethany at the time, lying at the table at the home of Simon the Leper when a lady approached him with an alabaster jar filled with a very costly perfume made entirely of nard.
- She shattered the container and sprayed the perfume all over his face.
- This property might have been sold for more than a year’s earnings, and the proceeds distributed to the less fortunate.
- ‘Leave her alone,’ Jesus instructed.
- She has done something very wonderful for me.
- However, you will not always have me at your disposal.
- She prepared my body for burial by sprinkling perfume on it the night before.
- The passage in Luke 7:36-50 mentions that the lady had led a wicked life, and the widespread consensus is that this means that she was involved in prostitution.
- Jesus takes use of the situation to make a point about sin and forgiveness, as well as about the hospitality of his host.
- Throughout John 12:1-8, the lady is named as Mary of Bethany, the sister of Martha and Lazarus, and she is not depicted as having committed a sin.
There are further variances in the four narratives in terms of whether the perfume is spilled on Jesus’ head or feet, whether she rips his feet with her tears and dries them with her hair, and the importance that Jesus attaches to the incident (giving to the poor; forgiveness and hospitality; foreshadowing his death).
- Matthew and Mark’s reports of the woman do not give her a name, and they provide no other information about her past.
- According to John 11:2, this Mary, whose brother Lazarus is now ailing, was the same one who poured perfume on the Lord’s feet and cleaned his feet with her hair earlier in the day.
- According to a long-standing belief, this Mary is also Mary Magdalene, out of whom Jesus had banished seven devils as previously said (Luke 8:2; Mark 16:9).
- In biblical times, Mary was a fairly common given name, and various variations appear in the gospels and the New Testament (the mother of Jesus, Mary from Bethany, Mary Magdalene, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary the mother of James and Joseph, amongst others).
- What exactly is in a nard?
- This is clearly intended to emphasize the great importance of the document.
- A plant native to the Himalayas, nard or spikenard oil has been used as a perfume, incense, and medicinal for millennia.
Beyond its mention in the gospels, the Song of Solomon makes reference to it as well (1:12 and 4:13).
A denarius was a coin that held 3.9 grams of silver around the time of Jesus.
An other measure of its worth is that the denarius was the usual payment for a day’s salary during Jesus’ lifetime (see Matthew 20:2).
In today’s money, this would be nearly equivalent to the median pay of around £25,000.
(By contrast, the most expensive perfume currently available for retail purchase is Clive Christian’s Imperial Majesty, which retails for $215,000 for a 16-ounce bottle adorned with a 5-carat diamond cluster.
Is it one of her tools of the trade, presuming she has not been misrepresented by the comments, or is it a family relic that she has passed down through generations?
What ever the source of the extravagance,’some of those present’ lament that the money should have been put to greater use (it’s easy to blow money that doesn’t belong to you).
‘There will always be impoverished people among you,’ says the prophet.
Even if we venture deeper into the area of conjecture, there is a subtext to this story.
What are you doing with yours?
‘He did not say this because he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was placed into it,’ John 12:6 explains further.
In all seriousness, Judas, I appreciate your worry about my impending demise.
Application A wide range of implications may be drawn from this paragraph, which serves as an unsettling reminder to everyone who has ever taken a superior-than-thou attitude toward someone or something else.
While it would have been a nice gesture to sell the perfume and donate the proceeds to the needy, the extravagance of ‘spending’ it by pouring it on Jesus was an even better gift in honor of Jesus.
The immediate priorities of a situation may take precedence over the long-term ‘big picture,’ as they do in this situation.
It’s easy to pass judgment on people based on their financial decisions.
What level of generosity do we demonstrate with what we have?
Finally, there is a glimpse into the workings of the human mind itself.
‘A person’s ways may appear pure to them, but the Lord considers the motives behind their actions.’ Proverbs 16:2 explains how to be wise.
His rage was not directed at the fact that he had missed an opportunity to feed hungry people, but rather at his own personal loss.
Even understanding our own sentiments may need prayer, thought, and assistance from God and others.
‘The desires of a person’s heart are deep waters, but a person who has insight pulls them to the surface.” Proverbs 20:5 explains how to be wise. This post was first published in our Engage Newsletter, which was published in January 2018.
What is the significance of Jesus being anointed by a woman with expensive perfume?
QuestionAnswer All four gospels have a description of Jesus being anointed by a woman with an expensive jar of perfume (Matthew 26:6–13; Mark 14:3–9; Luke 7:36–50; John 12:1–8), which is consistent with the tradition. While Matthew and Mark both recount the same story, they do not identify the lady; Luke recounts a different woman, who is likewise unnamed, on a separate occasion; and John, in yet another instance, identifies the woman as Mary of Bethany (John 11:2), the sister of Martha and Lazarus.
“Now when Jesus was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, a woman came up to him with an alabaster flask of very expensive ointment, and she poured it on his head as he reclined at the table,” Matthew 26:6–7 (ESV).
As a teaching lesson for the disciples, Matthew emphasizes the anointing of Jesus, which causes them to get enraged as a result of the woman’s extravagant wastefulness.
During the anointing, Christ reveals that it is to prepare His corpse for burial and that the woman’s gesture of love would be remembered eternally everywhere the good news is broadcast across the world.
As they have done in the past, the woman’s detractors accuse her of giving an exorbitant present, claiming that it could have been sold for more than a year’s pay (Mark 14:5).
Jesus informs them that He will not be among them for a lengthy period of time, an allusion to His coming death and interment.
There may also be an inference of Jesus’ monarchy, because the anointing of the head was frequently related with the consecration of kings in the Old Testament (1 Samuel 9:15–10:1; 16:12–13; 1 Kings 1:38–40; 1 Kings 1:38–40).
Anoint Jesus’ feet with a sinful woman’s love and gratitude while she dines in the home of Simon the Pharisee, who had arrogantly omitted to give the traditional respect and hospitality to his visitor.
The tale is identical to those told in the other gospels, with the exception that this anointing takes place six days before Passover and that Judas is identified as the disciple who complains to the “wasted” oil.
When Judas criticizes Mary, Jesus responds by emphasizing the unique chance that Mary had: “You will always have the poor among you, but you will not always have me” (Matthew 25:34-35).
It is Mary’s anointing that once again draws attention to Christ’s identification as Messiah-King, but it also draws attention to His lowly position as Servant-King.
In each of the accounts, a woman performs an elaborate act of devotion by pouring forth a rare and expensive perfume.
Two anointings of Jesus take place during the week of Passover, both of which are connected to His impending death and burial on the cross.
In each instance, the woman’s behaviors communicate more than she is aware of.
Jesus Christ has been anointed as God’s Messiah.
As a result, Christ is the Greek counterpart of the termMessiah.
Acts 10:38; Luke 4:18).
Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) In what way does Jesus being anointed by a lady with costly perfume signify anything?
Subscribe to the
Get our Question of the Week emailed to your inbox every weekday morning! Got Questions Ministries is a trademark of Got Questions Ministries, Inc., registered in the state of California in the year 2002. All intellectual property rights are retained. Policy Regarding Personal Information The information on this page was last updated on January 4, 2022.