April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.
However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.
No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.
The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began
In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.
Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).
So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.
The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began
Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.
The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”
The Length of Jesus’s Ministry
To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:
- In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
- In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
- And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
- 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)
This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.
If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.
The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:
|Nisan 15||AD 30||John 2:13|
|Nisan 15||AD 31||Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)|
|Nisan 15||AD 32||John 6:4|
|Nisan 15||AD 33||John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified|
Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover
It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.
Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.
|April 2||Nissan 14||Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall)||Day of Passover preparation||Last Supper|
|April 3||Nissan 15||Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall)||Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins||Crucifixion|
|April 4||Nissan 16||Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall)||Sabbath|
|April 5||Nissan 17||Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall)||First day of the week||Resurrection|
According to John, Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which is the Friday before Passover week’s Sabbath, and that he was beheaded (Mark 15:42). “The Last Supper” occurred the night before, on Thursday evening, when Jesus had a Passover supper with the Twelve (Mark 14:12). Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and concludes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most plausible date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d. 33. Accordingly, we created the following graphic in The Final Days of Jesus to illustrate the dates of Jesus’ final week in the year 33 AD:
|Beginning of Tiberius’s reign||AD 14|
|Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry||AD 28|
|A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry||AD 29|
|Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion||AD 33 (April 3)|
While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.
As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.
Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.
Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position.
When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be? Is it possible to pinpoint the precise date? We are in the midst of our yearly commemoration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which began on Easter Sunday. All of us are aware that something like this occurred in Jerusalem during the first century. That distinguishes Jesus from mythological pagan deities, who were said to have lived in places and at times that no one could pinpoint precisely. When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be?
We have the ability to do so.
Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas
According to the gospels, Jesus was crucified at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on other sources, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death during that time period. However, we can be a little more specific. There’s a lot more.
Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate
All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?
Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”
The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth.
The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D. 29 and A.D. 36.
Clue4: Crucified on a Friday
There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), immediately before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they required for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.
- According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).
- In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.
- The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer.
- 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation).
- 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated.
Clue5: A Friday at Passover
It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.
- It was still early in the morning.
- As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
- There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
- Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
- In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
- No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
Because of this, we can reduce the range of probable dates down to only a handful. The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D. 29 and 36 on which Passover began in the evening:
- Monday, April 18, the year 29
- Friday, April 7, the year 30
- Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
- Monday, April 14, the year 32
- Friday, April 3, the year 33
- Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
- Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
- And Saturday, March 31, the year 36
As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?
Clue6: John’s Three Passovers
During Jesus’ career, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers: the first, the second, and the third.
- Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.
That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.
The numbers don’t add up in this case.
Is it possible to be any more specific?
Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”
Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.
This is the exact moment it occurred.
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The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.
In what year did Jesus die?
QuestionAnswer The death of Jesus and the subsequent resurrection of Jesus are the most significant events in human history since the beginning of time. God used the death of Christ to reconcile people who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin and “presentedholy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation” (Colossians 1:21–22) those who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin. And God has compassionately “given us new birth into a live hope” as a result of Christ’s resurrection (1 Peter 1:3).
- We can, however, figure it out with a reasonable degree of precision.
- It is believed that Herod the Great died in 4 BC, which corresponds to the death of Herod the Great, who served as procurator of Judaea from 47 BC to 4 BC.
- It is possible to identify the year in which Jesus died based on a variety of different criteria.
- In the year AD 14, Tiberius was proclaimed emperor.
- Pontius Pilate is believed to have governed Judea between AD 26 and AD 36.
- There is also an argument for a more recent date (April 7, AD 30), which is based on the fact that John the Baptist’s ministry began more recently (and an assumed co-regency of Tiberias and Augustus).
- Even while a great deal has transpired on the international stage since Christ’s time, nothing has ever surpassed the scope and significance of what occurred in AD 33—the death and resurrection of the Savior of the world.
Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) When did Jesus die, and what year was it?
When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
Click HERE to download your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide -Praying Through Holy Week.
What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.
In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.
Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).
As it happened, they placed Jesus there since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.
- Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
- Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
- Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.
I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
- In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
1,981 Years Ago Today: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
Chapters 51-54 of Matthew 27:51-54 When it happened, the temple’s curtain was ripped in half from top to bottom. Suddenly, the earth began to tremble. The rocks split up, and the tombs were opened. It was possible to bring back to life the bodies of many saintly persons who had perished. In the aftermath of Jesus’ resurrection, they emerged from the tombs and entered the holy city, where they appeared before a large crowd. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus noticed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been split in half.
- Only the High Priest would meet with God once a year to offer an atonement sacrifice, and this curtain separated worshippers in the temple from theArk of the Covenant and its top – the Mercy seat.
- After two men perished trying to approach the Lord in the wrong way, the Lord provided Moses precise instructions in Leviticus 16on how to approach him safely and avoid death.
- The fact that the curtain was torn “from top to bottom” represented that it was torn by God himself, rather than by the efforts of any human being.
- ‘This was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the grave,’ according to John Gill’s interpretation.
“These saints, I believe, remained on earth until our Lord’s ascension, and then, joining the entourage of angels, proceeded gloriously with him to heaven, as trophies of his victory over sin, Satan, death, and the tomb.” Gill went on to say: This event is notable not just because of its audacious claims, but also because it is a narrative that foreshadows Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people in his kingdom.
Isaiah 26:19 says, “But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust awaken and cry for joy— your dew is like the dew of dawn; the earth will give birth to her dead.” This incident recounted in Matthew also fulfills that promise.
Jesus is raised from the dead.
(as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20).
When was Jesus Crucified? (Death, Burial, and Resurrection)
It is vital that we be all on the same page about the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. We must accept that Jesus Christ was the promised Lamb of God, as prophesied by the prophet Isaiah.
We must realize that Jesus Christ was killed in order to pay the penalty for the sins of the entire world. We must live in the power of Jesus Christ’s resurrection in order to be successful. It is less necessary, however, that we all agree on the day on which Jesus died.
- What exactly is the gospel? In the Old Testament, Jesus Christ is the Passover Lamb of God, who was slaughtered for the sins of the world. A power that is equal to that which resurrected Jesus Christ from the grave
In my opinion, Jesus Christ was crucified on Thursday morning and buried on Thursday evening before sundown (the day before the Passover lambs were slaughtered and cooked), and he was resurrected on Sunday morning before sundown. This belief is based on a lifetime of Bible study, reading, and prayer, among other things. As stated earlier, this fits the narrative and corresponds to Jesus’ own prophecy that he would be in the center of the earth for three days and nights. (12:12; 16:12; 10:10; Mark 10:10; Luke 11:10; Luke 24:40; Acts 10:40) It is my hope and prayer that you will not let our differences over the date of Jesus’ crucifixion prevent us from continuing to fellowship.
God does not want us to cause division on this issue, no matter how strongly we believe we are correct in our understanding (Romans 14).
- How to Avoid Conflicts in the Church: A Modern-Day Parable of Romans 14
- How to Avoid Conflicts in the Church (How to Avoid Conflicts in the Church)
- Humanity has divided and conquered the world! God, on the other hand, is not impressed.
Many eminent academics and Bible instructors have produced hundreds of pages of reasons for and against the crucifixion of people on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday. You may simply find them by searching the Internet. Rather than becoming engaged in the debate about whether any of them are correct or incorrect, I have sought to compile a chronological list of Bible passages for you to read the genuine inspired word of God as it was recorded for us by eyewitnesses, rather than arguing with them.
In coming to you, brothers, I did not come with superior oratory skills or intelligence, but rather I came to declare to you the evidence of God’s Word.
I was there with you in your moments of weakness, fear, and shaking.
- 12 eyewitness stories from men who saw God
- Types, shadows, patterns, and symbols in the Bible
- 12 eyewitness reports from persons who saw God
Last Supper and Betrayal
It’s a little difficult to maintain track of two separate date systems at the same time. The Jews counted days from dusk to sundown, not from sunrise to sundown. The Jewish method was utilized by Matthew, Mark, and John. Days were measured by the Romans from midnight to midnight. Luke made advantage of the Roman judicial system. The day of unleavened bread had arrived, and the Passover lamb was to be slain. “Go and prepare the Passover for us,” Jesus instructed Peter and John, “so that we may be able to eat.” “Can you tell us where you want us to prepare?” they inquired of him.
Follow him inside the residence that he is about to enter.
(Psalm 41:1-13; Matthew 26:17-25; Mark 14:12-21; Luke 22:7-13; John 13:18-30; Psalm 41:1-13; Matthew 26:17-25; Mark 14:12-21; Luke 22:7-13; John 13:18-30) While he was still speaking, a large crowd gathered around him, and he who was known as Judas, one of the twelve apostles, was directing them.
Then Jesus asked him, “Judas, do you intend to betray the Son of Man with a kiss?” (Matthew 26:52) They asked him, “Lord, must we strike with the sword?” as soon as they realized what was going to take place around him.
But Jesus said, “At the very least, allow me to do this”—and then he touched his ear and cured him.
When I was with you at the temple on a regular basis, you didn’t reach out your hands to grab my arm or anything. “However, this is your hour, and the power of darkness is with you.” The following passages are cited: (Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:1-14)
Trial, Mocked, Scourged, and Convicted
Soon after it became daylight, the assembly of elders of the people, including top priests and scribes, was called together, and they dragged him away into their council, where they questioned him, asking, “If you are the Christ, tell us.” Nevertheless, he stated to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe me, and if I ask you, you will not answer me or allow me to go.” It is from this point forward that the Son of Man will be seated at God’s right hand.
- “Are you, then, the Son of God?” they all exclaimed.
- “Why do we need any more witnesses?” they questioned.
- As a result, they escorted Jesus away from Caiaphas and into the Praetorium.
- As a result, Pilate approached them and said, “What charges do you want to level against this man?” They responded by saying, “If this man weren’t an evildoer, we wouldn’t have turned him over to you.” They were serious.
- Therefore, Pilate returned to the Praetorium and confronted Jesus, asking him whether he was the “King of the Jews.” Pilate responded affirmatively.
- “I’m not a Jew, aren’t I?” Pilate clarified.
- “Can you tell me what you’ve done?” According to Jesus’ response, “My Kingdom is not of this world.
- “However, my Kingdom is no longer from here.” “Are you, therefore, a king?” Pilate inquired of him as a result.
- “You are correct.
- “My voice is heard by everyone who believes in the truth.” “What is truth?” Pilate inquired of the man.
- ” However, you have a tradition that I should surrender someone to you over the Passover holiday.
Do you want me to release the King of the Jews to you as a result of this?” Then they all sang, “Not this man, but Barabbas!” they said again and again. Now Barabbas was a thief on the streets. The Scriptures (Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:1-11; Luke 23:1-6; and John 18:28-40) state that
With assistance from William Stevens’ A Harmony of the Gospels, we have put together a chronological chronology of the crucifixion. Symbolically, I feel that the fact that Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, was killed at the same time as the passover lambs was tremendously significant to the gospel message of Jesus Christ. When they dragged him away, they snatched a man named Simon of Cyrene, who had come from the countryside, and set the cross on his shoulders so that he might carry it after Jesus.
- “Daughters of Jerusalem, don’t mourn for me; instead, weep for yourselves and your children,” Jesus said as he turned to face them.
- There were also two other people, both criminals, who were taken to their deaths with him.
- “Father, pardon them, for they have no idea what they are doing,” Jesus pleaded with the Father.
- The crowd gathered around to watch.
- “Without a doubt, I assure you, today you will be with me in Paradise,” Jesus stated to the man.
- local time (the ninth hour after sunrise).
- The sun had become dimmer, and the temple’s curtain had been split in two pieces.
- After seeing what had happened, the centurion exclaimed, “Certainly he was a decent man.” He then thanked God, saying, All of the throngs of people who had gathered to witness this were appalled by what they witnessed and returned home, their hearts in their throats.
The following passages are cited: (Luke 23:44-49, Psalm 22:1-31, Matthew 27:45-56, Mark 15:33-41, and John 19:28-30) Because it was the preparation for the sabbath day, and because it was a holy day, the Jews petitioned Pilate to have their legs severed and their corpses removed from the crucifixion.
Pilate granted their request, and the bodies were removed from the cross on the sabbath day. (See also John 19:31)
Due to the fact that it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathaea, a renowned council member who was also searching for the Kingdom of God, arrived as the evening approached. He marched confidently into Pilate’s office and demanded the corpse of Jesus. Pilate was perplexed as to whether he had actually died, and after summoning the centurion, he inquired as to how long he had been dead. When he learned the truth from the centurion, he immediately gave the body to Joseph.
- He rolled a stone against the tomb’s door and closed it.
- (Matthew 27:57-61; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42) (Mark 15:42-47; Isaiah 53:9-12; Matthew 27:57-61; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42) We were in the midst of the Day of Preparation, and the Sabbath was rapidly approaching.
- They returned and set about preparing spices and ointments for use.
- Jesus’ words (Luke 23:54-56; Exodus 12:16; Leviticus 23:7-16; Deuteronomy 21:23) are supported by Scripture.
Jewish Passover Sabbath
This is the most common source of misunderstanding regarding the timeframe of the passion week. On the first and last days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which includes the Feast of Passover, there is a mandatory high sabbath that must be observed. This is distinct from the weekly Sabbath on the seventh day of the week. I think the Feast of Passover was observed on Thursday night during the week that Jesus was crucified, thus the sabbath would begin at sundown on Thursday evening and end at sundown on Friday evening during that week.
- This day shall be set apart for you as a remembrance, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to Yahweh throughout your generations, according to the law of the Lord.
- You are required to keep the feast of unleavened bread because it was on this day that I led your troops out of Egypt; thus, you are required to observe this day by ordinance throughout your generations forever.
- Because seven days, there shall be no yeast detected in your homes, for anybody consumes anything that has been leavened will be cut off from the assembly of Israel, whether he is a foreigner or a native-born citizen of the country.
- Eat unleavened bread in all of your dwellings,’ the Lord commands.” Scripture references: (Exodus 12:14-20; Leviticus 23:4-8; Numbers 28:16-25; Deuteronomy 16:1-8) All of these are the fixed feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which you are to declare at the appropriate time of year.
- And on the fifteenth day of the same month, the feast of unleavened bread is observed before the LORD: for seven days, you are to eat unleavened bread, according to the Torah.
- However, you must make a burnt offering to the LORD seven days a week; the seventh day is a holy convocation, and you must refrain from performing any menial work.
“Go ahead and make it as secure as you possibly can.” As a result, they accompanied the guard to the tomb and secured it by sealing the stone. (Matthew 27:62-66; Mark 10:62-66)
Jewish Weekly Sabbath
It is possible that if the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread had been observed as a sabbath from Thursday sundown to Friday sundown and the weekly seventh day sabbath had been observed from Friday sundown to Saturday sundown, there would have been no opportunity to visit the tomb, purchase spices, or make preparations for burial during these two days. In order to keep it holy, remember the Sabbath day. You are to labor for six days and complete all of your job, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God, and you are not to work on it.
(See Exodus 20:8-11; Deuteronomy 5:12-15 for further information.)
Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome went out to buy spices after the Sabbath had ended so that they may come and anoint him. They arrived at the tomb very early in the morning on the first day of the week, before the sun had even risen. They were joking about, asking things like, “Who would roll away the stone from the door of the tomb for us?” because it was a very large stone. When they looked up, they noticed that the stone had been rolled back. When they entered the tomb, they were taken aback by the sight of a young guy seated on the right side, clad in a white robe, and they were speechless.
- You are on the lookout for Jesus, the Nazarene, who has been nailed on the cross.
- He isn’t in the room.
- “However, go inform his followers and Peter that he is going ahead of you into Galilee.” ‘There you will see him,’ he told you, and you will see him.” After they had come out of the tomb, they fled because they were filled with dread and surprise.
- Scripture references: (Psalm 16:1-11;Psalm 49:1-20;Matthew 28:11-28:10;Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-9)
March 30, 2012 ~ Where Was Jesus Buried?
KIM LAWTON is a correspondent for the Associated Press. During Holy Week, Christians commemorate the well-known tale of Jesus’ death and resurrection from the dead. But, more importantly, where does this narrative take place exactly? Only a few hints are provided by the Bible. REV. MARK MOROZOWICH (Catholic University of America): Thank you for your time. The Gospels were not truly written in order to document historical events. They were composed in order to serve as a testament of faith. LAWTON: According to the New Testament, Jesus was crucified outside of Jerusalem at a location known as Golgotha, which is derived from the Aramaic word for “place of the skull.” Calvaria is the Latin word for skull, and in English, many Christians refer to the location of the crucifixion as Calvary, which is the Latin word for skull.
Because the tomb was close by, according to John, there is where Jesus’ body was laid to rest.
They describe it as being carved out of rock, with a massive stone in front of the entrance that could be moved in to block the way.
MOROZOWICH: At the time of Jesus’ death on the cross, he was not a particularly prominent figure in Israeli society.
However, there was no church constructed to commemorate his death or to acknowledge his resurrection shortly after he died.
Helena, embarked on a journey to Jerusalem, according to historians.
She discovered that the location had been revered by early Christians and determined that it was Golgotha.
MOROZOWICH: Now, throughout history, people have argued over whether it was actually there or if it was here.
LAWTON: Throughout the years, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre has been demolished, rebuilt, and remodeled on a number of different occasions.
However, it is regarded as one of the holiest locations in all of Christianity, drawing a large number of pilgrims and inspiring profound spiritual devotion.
The gloomy chapel commemorating the crucifixion may be found in one top corner, while the tomb can be seen on the opposite side of the building.
It is during these times that people might have a very profound relationship with God that they experience something truly beautiful and moving.
THE BISHOP OF MOROZOWICH: The light from the grave is brought out by the bishop, which lights and plays on this whole notion that light from the world is being brought forth once more.
It is possible that Jesus was crucified and buried in a separate location in Jerusalem known as the Garden Tomb, which some Christians, especially many Protestants, consider to be true.
In 1867, a tombstone was unearthed on the site.
LAWTON: Steve Bridge works as the assistant director of the Garden Tomb, which is located right beyond the Damascus Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem.
We’re staring at the bridge from the side now, and you can see what appears to be two eye sockets on the rock face where we were looking before.
In Lawton, this Skull Hill towers above a historic garden, complete with cisterns and a wine press, which may imply that it was once the property of a wealthy individual.
Bridge: The tomb itself is at least two thousand years old, according to archaeological evidence.
However, it is almost definitely more than 2,000 years old.
A big stone would be rolled across the threshold, thereby sealing the entrance.
BRIDGE: As a result, there is enough burial space for at least two bodies, and maybe more.
Joseph had constructed a family tomb for himself and his family, and it was dedicated to them.
LAWTON: On that day, as far as people were concerned, it was the end of the tale, and it was also the end of one who they had believed would be the Messiah, for a dead Messiah is no good.
LAWTON: According to Bridge, the Garden Tomb is not attempting to establish a competitive relationship with the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
What we believe we have here is something that corresponds to the description in the Bible.
LAWTON: On the other hand, we and the Holy Sepulchre would be precisely the same on that point, delivering the same tale but at a different location.
MOROZOWICH: The path he took is extremely, extremely significant.
As a result, he is just as real and present in Mishawaka, Indiana, and Washington, D.C., as he is in Israel. LAWTON: Hello, my name is Kim Lawton and I’m here to report.