When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.
In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.
Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).
As it happened, they placed Jesus there since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.
- Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
- Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
- Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.
I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
- In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
Chapters 51-54 of Matthew 27:51-54 When it happened, the temple’s curtain was ripped in half from top to bottom. Suddenly, the earth began to tremble. The rocks split up, and the tombs were opened. It was possible to bring back to life the bodies of many saintly persons who had perished. In the aftermath of Jesus’ resurrection, they emerged from the tombs and entered the holy city, where they appeared before a large crowd. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus noticed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been split in half.
- Only the High Priest would meet with God once a year to offer an atonement sacrifice, and this curtain separated worshippers in the temple from theArk of the Covenant and its top – the Mercy seat.
- After two men perished trying to approach the Lord in the wrong way, the Lord provided Moses precise instructions in Leviticus 16on how to approach him safely and avoid death.
- The fact that the curtain was torn “from top to bottom” represented that it was torn by God himself, rather than by the efforts of any human being.
- ‘This was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the grave,’ according to John Gill’s interpretation.
“These saints, I believe, remained on earth until our Lord’s ascension, and then, joining the entourage of angels, proceeded gloriously with him to heaven, as trophies of his victory over sin, Satan, death, and the tomb.” Gill went on to say: This event is notable not just because of its audacious claims, but also because it is a narrative that foreshadows Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people in his kingdom.
Isaiah 26:19 says, “But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust awaken and cry for joy— your dew is like the dew of dawn; the earth will give birth to her dead.” This incident recounted in Matthew also fulfills that promise.
Jesus is raised from the dead.
(as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20).
The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began
In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.
Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).
When Tiberius’ “fifteenth year” began, it might have begun as early as August 19, AD 28, and it may have finished as late as December 31, AD 29, depending on the date of his death. So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.
The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began
In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar.,” he writes. In the book of Luke, the author says, It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was ratified by the Roman Senate a few days later. A.D. 37 was the last year of his reign. There are some uncertainties in what seems to be a basic date, beginning with when one begins the calculation.
Depending on who you ask, Tiberius’ rule was most likely counted from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from January 1 the following year, AD 15.
The ministry of John the Baptist might have started somewhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29, depending on the source.
The Length of Jesus’s Ministry
To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:
- In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
- In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
- And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
- 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)
This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.
If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.
The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:
|Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)
|John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified
Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover
It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.
33, also known as the year of Jesus’ crucifixion. Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d. 33, which is shown below:
|Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall)
|Day of Passover preparation
|Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall)
|Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins
|Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall)
|Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall)
|First day of the week
According to John, Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which is the Friday before Passover week’s Sabbath, and that he was beheaded (Mark 15:42). “The Last Supper” occurred the night before, on Thursday evening, when Jesus had a Passover supper with the Twelve (Mark 14:12). Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and concludes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most plausible date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.
Accordingly, we created the following graphic in The Final Days of Jesus to illustrate the dates of Jesus’ final week in the year 33 AD:
|Beginning of Tiberius’s reign
|Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry
|A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry
|Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion
|AD 33 (April 3)
While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.
As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.
Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.
Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position.
QuestionAnswer The death of Jesus and the subsequent resurrection of Jesus are the most significant events in human history since the beginning of time. God used the death of Christ to reconcile people who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin and “presentedholy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation” (Colossians 1:21–22) those who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin. And God has compassionately “given us new birth into a live hope” as a result of Christ’s resurrection (1 Peter 1:3).
- We can, however, figure it out with a reasonable degree of precision.
- It is believed that Herod the Great died in 4 BC, which corresponds to the death of Herod the Great, who served as procurator of Judaea from 47 BC to 4 BC.
- It is possible to identify the year in which Jesus died based on a variety of different criteria.
- In the year AD 14, Tiberius was proclaimed emperor.
- Pontius Pilate is believed to have governed Judea between AD 26 and AD 36.
- There is also an argument for a more recent date (April 7, AD 30), which is based on the fact that John the Baptist’s ministry began more recently (and an assumed co-regency of Tiberias and Augustus).
- Even while a great deal has transpired on the international stage since Christ’s time, nothing has ever surpassed the scope and significance of what occurred in AD 33—the death and resurrection of the Savior of the world.
Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) When did Jesus die, and what year was it?
What year did Jesus die?
QuestionAnswer It has been said that Jesus’ crucifixion and subsequent resurrection are the two most significant events in the history of the world since its conception. God used the death of Christ to reconcile people who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin and “presentedholy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation” (Colossians 1:21–22) those who had been “alienated” from God because of sin. And God has compassionately “given us new birth into a fresh hope” via Christ’s resurrection (1 Peter 1:3).
- Even with a high degree of uncertainty, we can figure it out very quickly.
- It is believed that Herod the Great died around 4 BC, which corresponds to the death of Herod the Great, who served as procurator of Judaea for 47 years until his death.
- It is possible to determine the year in which Jesus died based on a variety of variables.
- During the year 14 AD, Tiberius was appointed emperor.
- In the year AD 26–36, the Roman general Pontius Pilate governed Judea.
- An earlier date (April 7, AD 30) has also been proposed as a result of the earlier beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry, which is supported by historical evidence (and an assumed co-regency of Tiberias and Augustus).
- Even while a great deal has transpired on the global stage since the time of Christ, nothing has ever surpassed the enormity and significance of what occurred in AD 33—the death and resurrection of the Savior of the world.
- When did Jesus die, and what was the year?
7 Clues Tell Us *Precisely* When Jesus Died (the Year, Month, Day, and Hour Revealed)
QuestionAnswer The death of Jesus and His subsequent resurrection are the most significant events in human history since the beginning of time. It was by the death of Christ that God reconciled people who had been “alienated” from Him as a result of sin and “presented pure in his sight, without blemish, and free from accusation” (Colossians 1:21–22). Moreover, God has compassionately “given us new birth into a live hope” via Christ’s resurrection (1 Peter 1:3). The Bible does not provide us a specific date for Jesus’ death, as it does for the majority of the events it describes.
- Despite the fact that the world’s historical history is split into BC (before Christ) and AD (anno domini — “in the year of our Lord”), Jesus Christ was really born between the years 6 and 4 BC.
- After Herod’s death, Joseph and Mary with the child Jesus were ordered to return to Israel from Egypt, which they did (Matthew 2:19).
- Based on the historical mention in Luke 3:1 that John began preaching in the fifteenth year of Tiberius’ reign, we estimate that John the Baptist began his career about AD 28 or 29.
- If Jesus was baptized and began His career somewhere in AD 29, and if He continued to preach for around three and a half years after that, the conclusion of Jesus’ mission would have occurred in AD 33.
- Given that the crucifixion took place during a Passover (Mark 14:12), together with the date John began his ministry, it seems most likely that Jesus was crucified on Friday, April 3, AD 33.
- The later date appears to be more in accordance with historical records.
Much has transpired on the international stage since the time of Christ, but nothing has ever surpassed the size and significance of what occurred in AD 33—the death and resurrection of the Savior of the world. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top) What year did Jesus pass away?
Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas
According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.
Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate
All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?
Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”
The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.
Clue4: Crucified on a Friday
There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), just before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they needed for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.
- According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).
- In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.
- The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer.
- 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation).
- 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated.
Clue5: A Friday at Passover
It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.
- It was still early in the morning.
- As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
- There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
- Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
- In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
- No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
Because of this, we can reduce the range of probable dates down to only a handful. The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D. 29 and 36 on which Passover began in the evening:
- Jesus was crucified in connection with the annual Jewish feast of Passover, according to all four gospel accounts (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). For a brief while, we are faced with a difficulty since the Last Supper on Holy Thursday is described in Matthew, Mark, and Luke as a Passover dinner (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). This would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was celebrated. On the other hand, when John describes the morning of Good Friday, he reveals that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal. As a result, they escorted Jesus to the Praetorium from Caiaphas’ home. I woke up at a ridiculous hour. They did not go inside the Praetorium themselves in order to avoid being contaminated and to be able to partake of the Passover meal without interruption. Consequently, Pilate walked out to see what was going on. The Passover would have began at sunset on Friday, according to this. To get around this, there are a variety of options. For example, some have speculated that Jesus and his disciples used a different calendar than the Jewish authorities, despite the fact that we know that there were other calendars in use in first-century Judaism. In addition, it is likely that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days. To be clear, they were already convinced that Jesus was the promised Messiah and the Son of God. It doesn’t matter if he adds, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” even though it’s a day sooner than most people would expect. Notice that he added other adjustments to the liturgy, such as inscribing the Eucharist into it in the middle. Furthermore, there are other options available to you. However, regardless of what Jesus’ movement achieved, we may turn to John’s remark about Jesus’ kidnappers as an indicator of what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Jewish practice were like at the time: On what we would call Friday evening, they began celebrating the Jewish holiday of Passover. So we can reduce the number of alternative dates to a manageable number. On the following days between A.D. 29 and 36, Passover began in the evenings on the following days in the following months:
As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?
Clue6: John’s Three Passovers
During Jesus’ career, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers: the first, the second, and the third.
- Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.
That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.
The numbers don’t add up in this case.
Is it possible to be any more specific?
Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”
Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.
This is the exact moment it occurred.
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The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.
When Was Jesus Born, and When Did He Die?
While Christians commemorate Christmas and Easter on an annual basis, few are aware of the dates on which Jesus was born and when he was crucified. Not that any significant theology is founded on the calculations presented here, but it is comforting to know that we may have fair confidence in the dates of Jesus’ birth and death, which can be determined from a mix of biblical and extrabiblical historical facts, as demonstrated below. I may not be prepared to put my life on the line for the accuracy of the information provided below, but I am confident enough in my calculations to have my van’s license plate displayed as follows: 5BC–AD33.
(the most authoritative treatment of this topic that I am aware of is Paul L.
Maier, “The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus’ Life,” in As a side note, this would give Herod (who died in 4 B.C.) ample time to prepare his campaign to have all the boys two years old and younger in Bethlehem and the surrounding area slaughtered, as well as for Jesus to be born (see Matt 2:16, 19).
14 is the date given by both Tacitus (Annales4 4) and Suetonius (Tiberius73) as the beginning of Tiberius’ reign.
However, this date is inaccurate (the correct date being August 19, which is the day of Emperor Augustus’ death). As a result, dating from August 19, A.D. 14, the 15th year of Tiberius’ rule gets us to the year A.D. 29 (14 plus 15 = 29).
According to the Gospels
The Bible states that Jesus was “around 30 years old” when he began his public ministry in Luke 3:23. If Jesus was born in 5 B.C. (as argued above) and began his public ministry shortly after the death of John the Baptist (that is, in the latter part of the year A.D. 29), as indicated by all four Gospels, this would mean that Jesus was approximately 33 years old when he began his public ministry (see H. W. Hoehner, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, 31–37; and B. Messner, “‘In the Fifteenth According to John’s Gospel, Jesus appeared during at least three Passovers: (1) in Jerusalem (2:13, 23); (2) in Galilee (6:4); and (3) once again in Jerusalem (2:13, 23).
- There’s also a good chance he went to a fourth Passover that wasn’t documented in John but was recorded in the Synoptics (Matt 12:1 pars.?
- If Jesus began his preaching in late A.D.
- 33, according to the calendar.
- 30 and 33 are the only possible dates for Jesus’ crucifixion in terms of the date of Passover in these two years (for more information on the dating of the four Passovers in question, see, for example, C.
- Humphreys and W.
- Waddington, “The Jewish Calendar, a Lunar Eclipse, and the Date of Christ’s Crucifixion,” Tyndale Bulletin After all is said and done, John 2:20 states that the temple was completed 46 years ago (for this translation see A.
- Köstenberger, John, pages 109–10).
(Antiquities15.11.1 380), Josephus records that the temple structure itself was renovated, with the work completed 18 months later, in 18/17 B.C (Antiquities15.11.6 421).
and adding 46 years leads us to A.D.
To learn more about Johannine chronology, check the chart in A.
Köstenberger, John (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004), 11–13, and the commentary at 1:19 and 2:20, as well as the prior post on Johannine chronology here.
J B Green, S McKnight, and I H Marshall; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1992), pgs.
When Did Jesus Die? What Do We Know About the Timeline of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection
One of the most dramatic events in the Bible, if one were to choose one time to characterize as the climax, would be the death, burial, and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. It is the culmination of the Old Testament’s promises and predictions, the apex of history, and the pivotal event around which all subsequent sections of the Bible are defined and organized. The death of the Lord Jesus was a watershed point in history that changed and reshaped the course of history. Understanding it helps us understand why Easter is essential, as well as why the transition from the law to the grace of Christ occurred.
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When Did Jesus Die?
The Gospels each provide a portion of a timeline that illustrates not just what happened to the Lord during the period of what is now known as Good Friday, but also when these events took place in historical time. They all believe that Pontius Pilate was the governor of Roman Judaea – the one who presided over that part of the Roman Empire as a satellite for Caesar – and that he was the man who executed Julius Caesar. He appears in the following books: Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, and John 19.
Tiberius was the second emperor after Augustus, and he governed from 14 to 37 AD.
Historically, historians and theologians have agreed that Jesus was roughly thirty-three years old when He was crucified.
Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/toeytoey2530.
What Was the Hour of Jesus’ Death?
The New Testament provides a detailed timeline of Christ’s arrest, trial, and execution, all of which take place on the same night. Jesus had traveled to Jerusalem in order to participate in the Passover celebrations. The Lord made His triumphal entry into the city on the Sunday before He was arrested, which is known as the triumphant entry. In response, both those who went before and those who followed cried out: “Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” (Matthew 11:9) The conspiracy to capture Jesus came to fruition after several days of preparation in the capital city.
- In the morning, His crucifixion started at Golgotha, a skull-shaped hill outside the city gates, where He had been tried the previous evening.
- The third hour, the sixth hour, and the ninth hour are all mentioned in the Gospels.
- “And it was the third hour when they crucified him,” according to Mark 15:25.
- on the third hour if it had occurred.
” It was dark from noon until three in the afternoon, according to the third hour of the day, which was nine o’clock in the morning. Credit: Unsplash/Veri Ivanova for the photo.
What Happened When Jesus Died?
The Crucifixion of Jesus appears to have elicited a response from the entire world. There was darkness for three hours in the midst of the day, in the middle of the day. Additionally, the Gospels state, “And behold, the curtain of the temple had been ripped in two, from top to bottom.” There was an earthquake, and the rocks were split,” he said (Matthew 27:51). Many people were taken by surprise by these momentous events. The veil hung in the temple and was particularly designed to divide the innermost area – the Holy of Holies – from the rest of the building, so that God’s presence could be kept hidden from the public.
- There was no longer a need for the veil after Jesus paid the penalty for mankind’s sin since man may now approach God directly in repentance as a result of his atonement.
- Psalm 22:17-18 was fulfilled when the Roman soldiers separated Jesus’ clothing and cast lots (John 19:23), as recorded by both sources in the Gospel of John.
- Even the manner of the Lord’s death did not quite conform to the traditional Roman crucifixion, but it did fulfill the prophecies of the Old Testament in this regard.
- However, according to John 19, Roman troops shattered the bones of the men who were standing close to Jesus, but the Lord had already given up the ghost and was dead at the time.
- This acted as a portent for the Lord Jesus, and as a result, His body had to be completely restored as well.
- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Robertiez
When Was Jesus Resurrected?
In response to Jesus’ crucifixion, it appears like the entire planet has responded positively. There was complete darkness for three hours in the middle of the day. “And behold, the curtain of the temple had been ripped in two, from top to bottom,” the Gospels report as well. There was an earthquake, and the rocks were split,” he said (Matthew 27:51). Many people were taken aback by these important events. God’s presence would be kept hidden from the public by a curtain that hung in his temple and expressly divided its innermost area – called the Holy of Holies – from the rest of the building.
- It became unnecessary to have a veil after Jesus paid the penalty for mankind’s sin since man may now approach God directly in repentance as a result of Jesus’ sacrifice.
- Psalm 22:17-18 was fulfilled by the Roman soldiers who separated Jesus’ clothing and cast lots (John 19:23), according to both writers of the Gospel of John.
- “As a result, they compensated me with thirty silver pieces.” Judas was the one who fulfilled this prophesy by taking that precise money in exchange for betraying the Lord Jesus on that same day.
- It was a lengthy and horrible death, and the crucified person’s legs would be broken in order to speed up the process of his or her execution.
- Egypt was subjected to God’s ultimate scourge on its people when the Passover lamb was slain, and its blood saved the Israelites.
- “They must not leave any of the lamb until the next morning, and they must not break any of its bones,” the Bible states in Numbers 9:12.
In addition to prophesy, fulfillingScripture permitted imagery and symbolism to come to fruition to the fullest extent possible Getty Images/Robertiez used for the image
Why Do We Celebrate Easter When We Do?
Following the Sabbath, a group of ladies who had been following Jesus’ ministry made their way to the tomb. Some aspects of Jewish burial were unable to be completed because of the speed with which Jesus was laid to rest, and the women were called in to complete some of those processes. An angel, on the other hand, met and welcomed them. In response, the angel assured them, ‘Do not be afraid; I know that you are seeking Jesus, who was crucified.'” He is not present because, as he stated, he has risen from the dead.
Christians celebrate the miraculous resurrection of Jesus Christ on the same day as the Jewish holiday of Passover, in accordance with the traditions of Passover week, and in recognition of the fact that Jesus died the day before the Sabbath and that the women discovered the empty tomb the day after the Sabbath.
However, some sects and denominations, particularly in Orthodox communities, dispute Sunday as the date of the resurrection, arguing that it should be celebrated on Monday.
Easter brings believers together in worship, joy, and excitement as they look forward to the resurrection.
The miracle is carefully recounted in the Gospels, with the promise of redemption being passed down through the generations – the promise of Easter Sunday.
Alfred Edersheim’s work is a good example of how to combine a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah are detailed in this book.
- Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, 1953.
- Crossway Publishing Company, Wheaton, IL, 2014.
- Dwight.” Jesus Christ’s Words and Deeds are the foundation of the Christian faith.
- Walvoord, John F., and Roy B.
- The Bible Knowledge Commentary is a resource for Bible knowledge.
- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images /jordachelr
Bethany Verretti is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer. She writes a religion and lifestyle blog, graceandgrowing.com, where she ponders the Lord, life, culture, and ministry, as well as other topics.
Bethany Verretti is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer. She writes a religion and lifestyle blog, graceandgrowing.com, where she ponders the Lord, life, culture, and ministry, as well as other topics.
The Day Christ Died – Was it on a Thursday or Friday?
Following the teachings of Jesus, Christian tradition places his final lunch with his followers on Thursday evening and his crucifixion on Friday, which we name “Good Friday.” We now know that there is a one-day holiday. Wednesday night was Jesus’ final dinner, and he was crucified on Thursday, the 14th of the Hebrew month Nisan, the following day. The actual Passover dinner was served on Thursday night, at sundown, to mark the beginning of the 15th of Nisan. That Passover supper was never consumed by Jesus.
- on Thursday afternoon, according to his family.
- This alternate chronology allows all of our parts from our different sources, including the Synoptic Gospels, the Gospel of John, and the Gospel of Peter, to fit together seamlessly and accurately.
- Everyone concluded that the allusion to “the Sabbath” had to be referring to Saturday, which meant that the crucifixion had to have taken place on a Friday.
- In the year 30 AD, Friday, the 15th of the Jewish month of Nisan, was also a Sabbath, resulting in two Sabbaths occurring back to back – Friday and Saturday – for the first time in recorded history.
- As is typically the case, the gospel of John retains a more exact chronology of what transpired during the time period under consideration.
- John is well aware that the Jews would be gathering for their customary Seder supper on Thursday night.
- Some have even suggested that Jesus may have eaten the Passover feast a day early, knowing full well that he would die the next day.
However, the truth remains that Jesus did not partake in the Passover supper in 30 CE.
He had been hurriedly interred in a tomb until after the celebration, when formal and complete Jewish funeral procedures could be carried out in accordance with tradition.
As an example, in Luke, Jesus tells his disciples at the final meal: “I sincerely want to share this Passover with you before I suffered, but I will not share it until the fulfillment of this Passover in the kingdom of God” (Luke 22:14).
Furthermore, all of our sources state that Jesus shared “a loaf of bread” with his followers, using the Greek term (artos) that refers to an ordinary loaf, not the unleavened flat bread or matzos that Jews eat during their Passover feasts.
If this meal had been the Passover supper, Paul would have wanted to say something like that, but he doesn’t want to.
Sanhedrin 67a and 43a)
Where Did Jesus Die?
In case you’ve ever been to (or taught) Sunday School, chances are you’ve heard the following question dozens of times: “Where did Jesus die?” If you ask certain folks, they’ll tell you that it’s “the location of the skull.” Others have used the words “Calvary” or “Golgotha.” Both of these names refer to the location where Jesus died on the crucifixion on Good Friday, more than two thousand years ago.
In the Bible, this location had a significantly higher historical significance than it does now, and it was not picked at random.
What was the location of Jesus’ death?
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What Does Golgotha Mean?
The term “Golgotha” refers to “the location of the skull.” This hill, which was positioned just outside the city’s walls and was appropriately named, was the site of executions for offenders (Matthew 27:33,Mark 15:22,John 19:17). In the words of Bible Study Tools, “It was a little knoll that was rounded in the shape of a naked skull.” Clearly, it was a well-known location outside the gate (Compare Hebrews 13:12), close to the city (Luke 23:26), with a “garden” (John 19:41), and on a thoroughfare going into the country, as indicated by the evangelists.
The hillside above Jeremiah’s Grotto, located to the north of the city, is most likely the real location of Calvary, according to historical evidence.
Thankfully, Jesus was buried in a tomb with due honors, but we can’t say the same for the two robbers who flanked him on the cross, who were likely beheaded.
What Does the Bible Say about Golgotha?
The name “Golgotha” appears in three of the four Gospel accounts. Here is a look at what each individual has to say about this dangerous location. “They came to a place called Golgotha (which literally translates as “the place of the skull”),” Matthew 27:33 says. The word skull appears on the screen once more. If archeologists are correct in their assumption, the rock formation on this knoll resembles the shape of a skull. Furthermore, one cannot ignore the obvious death connotations of this location, which contains literal skulls that have rotted and decomposed.
If it had gained notoriety, or in this case, infamy, as a result of a nickname given to it by nearby Jerusalem residents, it had achieved fame.
The Israelite people all spoke the same language, which was Aramaic.
Additionally, the fact that all three Gospels confirm the same place of Christ’s death can be a source of encouragement.
In this passage, Jesus is mentioned as having carried his own cross. Eventually, his torture wounds have caused him to lose his ability to heave it. The cross is forced to be carried up the hill by someone else by the Roman officials for the remainder of the journey.
Where Is Golgotha?
There are three different narratives of Golgotha that are recorded in the Gospels. Examine what each individual has to say about this dangerous location. ‘They came to a spot known as Golgotha, which literally translates as “the place of the skull.'” The term “skull” occurs once again in the title. It appears that the granite structure on this hill resembled a skull, according to archeologists who made their guesses. It’s also impossible to overlook the overtly morbid undertones of this location, which has real skulls that have rotted and decayed.
- If it had gained notoriety, or in this case, infamy, as a result of a moniker given to it by adjacent Jerusalem residents, it was a success.
- The fact that Golgotha is derived from Aramaic rather than Greek is an intriguing distinction.
- Despite the fact that they spoke a variety of languages, Aramaic would have served as their common street language or common vernacular.
- In this chapter, Jesus is mentioned as having carried a cross on his back.
- The cross is forced to be carried up the hill by someone else by the Roman officials for the remaining distance.
When Did Jesus Die?
The name “Golgotha” appears in three different Gospel stories. Let’s see what they have to say about this dangerous location. “They arrived to a location named Golgotha (which literally translates as “the place of the skull”).” Matthew 27:33 The term “skull” occurs again again. If archeologists were correct in their assessment, the rock formation on this hill looked like a skull. It’s also impossible to overlook the overtly morbid undertones of this location, which has real skulls that have decayed and decomposed.
If it had earned a moniker from the locals in Jerusalem, it would have gained notoriety, or in this instance, infamy.
The fact that Golgotha is derived from Aramaic, rather than Greek, is a fascinating distinction.
They may have spoken other languages as well, but Aramaic would have served as the general street language or vernacular among them.
In this chapter, Jesus is described as bearing his own cross. His torture wounds have caused him to lose his ability to expel air at one point. The Roman officials order someone else to carry the cross the rest of the way up the hill.
3 Facts You May Not Know about Where Jesus Died
The name of Golgotha appears in three different Gospel narratives. Let’s have a peek at what they have to say about this dangerous location. “They came to a site named Golgotha (which literally translates as “the place of the skull”).” The word skull occurs again again. If archeologists are correct in their assumption, the rock structure on this hill resembles a skull. Furthermore, one cannot overlook the overtly morbid undertones of this location, where real skulls rotted and decayed. “They took Jesus to a site called Golgotha (which literally translates as “the place of the skull”).” Mark 15:22 Most likely, this location had also garnered renown.
“He walked out to the place of the Skull (which is known in Aramaic as Golgotha), bearing his own cross,” says John 19:17.
The Israelite people all spoke Aramaic as a common language.
We might also take heart from the fact that all three Gospels affirm that Jesus died in the same location.
Eventually, his torture scars have caused him to lose the ability to heave it.