What Was Jesus Sister Name

How Many Brothers and Sisters Did Jesus Have?

When it came to Joseph and Mary’s household in Nazareth, who was there? Are we to believe that Jesus was an only child in the family, or if there were brothers and sisters, what was their status in regard to Him? His siblings and sisters are frequently mentioned by the gospel authors. What were the names of Jesus’ siblings? This is a matter that has been debated since the beginning of time, and many lengthy writings have been published on the subject. Due to theological reasons related to the perpetual virginity of the Lord’s mother, denominational difficulties, and the canonicity of non-apostolic epistles, it has been difficult to have an objective discussion on the subject.

Bible Verses about Jesus’ Brother and Sisters

Let us begin by summarizing what we know about the brothers and sisters of the Lord from the Scriptures of the New Testament. Their names are found in Matthew 12:46-50, 13:55-56, Mark 3:31, 6:3, and Luke 8:19, as well as John 2:12, 7:3, Acts 1:14, and 1 Corinthians 9:5, and Paul refers to a James the Lord’s brother (Galatians 1:19). There appear to have been four brothers who are listed in Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the evidence (seeMark 6:3). The sisters are mentioned in Matthew and Mark, although neither the number nor the names of the sisters are recorded.

They were reportedly married and living in Nazareth at the time of Christ’s death.

They are first described as traveling to Capernaum with His mother and Himself (John 2:12).

Most claim that they were converted to Christianity as a result of His resurrection, since they appear in the company of the Apostles (Acts 1:14).

The following is an adaptation of The Life of Our Lord on the Earth by Samuel James Andrews.

Do we have any more information on Jesus’s Sisters?

As you correctly point out, the sisters are not mentioned by name in the Bible, which means we must go elsewhere for information on their whereabouts. Overall, I believe it is fair to state that we do not know for definite, but different faiths have created their own doctrines and traditions on the matter, which I believe is reasonable. According to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, the term “sisters” is used entirely metaphorically. As long as they think Mary was a virgin until her death, they believe Jesus did not have any full brothers or sisters (but possibly some half-siblings – children of Joseph with another partner).

  1. It is also said that Joseph had two sons, one named Jude and the other named James.
  2. Other religions choose to accept the word “sisters” at face value and think that Jesus had more than one sister, despite the fact that it is not explicitly stated.
  3. According to Richard Bauckham, a Professor of New Testament Studies at the University of St.
  4. Several centuries later, Christian literature assigns the names Mary and Salome to two of Jesus’ sisters.
  5. As a result, there is some likelihood that the tradition of these two names may be traced back to Palestinian Jewish Christian tradition, and as a result, it may be considered a trustworthy tradition.

For more reading on this issue, Bauckham’s essayThe Relatives of Jesusis a wonderful choice; it is well-referenced and covers a wide range of perspectives on the subject, including the Catholic and Orthodox opinions I’ve described above.

Did Jesus have any brothers, sisters or siblings?

Throughout history, there has been great debate about the precise nature of their link to Jesus and his apostles. Consequently, the issue remains: Did Jesus have siblings? There have been three main points of view put forward: They have been identified as (1) Jesus’ actual siblings/brothers, that is, half-brothers, sons of Joseph and Mary (and therefore younger than Jesus); (2) His stepbrothers, that is, children of Joseph by a previous marriage (and thus all older than Jesus and not His blood relatives at all); (3) Jesus’ cousins, either on the mother’s side or on the father’s side, depending on who you believe.

Where exactly was Jesus’ birthplace?

Three views about Jesus’ siblings

Some adhere to the first viewpoint, arguing that it is the most natural way to interpret the multiple allusions to these brothers, as well as the most evident intention of Matthew 1:25 and Luke 2:7. Second, those who believe in family ethics claim that younger siblings should not be permitted to mock or otherwise interfere with an older brother in the same way that Jesus’ brothers ridiculed Him (see Mark 3:31; John 7:3-4). Moreover, they argue, Jesus’ decision to entrust His mother’s care to the apostle John (John 19:26-27), rather than to one of His brothers, clearly shows that Mary did not have any other children.

Their relationship as cousins on Mary’s side is predicated on the unconfirmed identification of “Mary, the wife of Cleophus” with Mary’s sister (John 19:25; Mark 15:40), as well as the unsubstantiated relationship between “Clopas” and Alphaeus (John 19:25; Mark 15:40).

Jesus’ brothers, sistersmother

Several of Jesus’ siblings are reported as joining him and his mother to Capernaum following their marriage at Cana (Matthew 19:9). (John 2:12). The next year, Mary and these brothers are mentioned as attempting to have an audience with Jesus (Matthew 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21). A few chapters before the conclusion of Jesus’ public career, His brethren are recorded as asking Jesus to demonstrate His Messiahship, which they themselves had questioned (John 7:3-5). Their conversion is obvious from the fact that they are portrayed in Acts as joining with the disciples and others in “prayer and supplication” before to the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1–3).

Paul makes the implication that they were all married (1 Corinthians 9:5).

Also widely held to be the case is that James the brother of Jesus was the spiritual leader of the early church in Jerusalem (see Acts 12:17; 15:13).

Who Were the Brothers and Sisters of Jesus?

Now we’ll take a look at Jesus’ brothers and sisters and see what the Bible has to say about each of them.

Older Siblings

In the Book of Exodus, we learn about the 10 plagues that God inflicted on the stubborn Egyptians in order to rescue the Hebrews from their oppressive rule. The plagues were terrible: water that turned to blood, locusts, gnats, and darkness, to mention a few examples of what was happening. The tenth plague, the last of the plagues, was the most terrible of them all. Because of this, God issued a fair warning: “I will send one more plague onto Pharaoh and upon Egypt.” After that, he will release you from his custody.

All firstborn in Egypt will perish, from Pharaoh who sits on his throne to the firstborn of the slave-girl who is working at a handmill, as well as all of the firstborn of the animals, according to this prophecy.

(12:12, for example) And thus it came to pass that the firstborn in the country of Egypt was murdered – both humans and beasts alike, it seemed.

3:13; et cetera) A procedure that God devised would be used to accomplish this task, in which the firstborn son of every marriage would need to be “redeemed” (committed) to God; therefore the name of the ritual, The Redemption of the First Born Son.or Pidyon Haben as it is known to modern-day Jews, is derived.

Unless the firstborn child is born to a male, the ritual is not performed: “Consecrate to me every firstborn; whatsoever opens the womb among the Israelites, whether of human being or beast, belongs to me.” It is necessary for you to ransom every human firstborn of your sons.” (Exodus 13:2 and 13) As a result of Jesus’ dedication to God at the age of thirty days, we can be certain that he had no older sisters or brothers: “When the days were completed for their purification according to the law of Moses, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, just as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male that opens the womb shall be consecrated to the Lord”!

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(Lk 2:22-23; cf.

Younger Siblings

When it comes to younger siblings, this is also ineffective. When Jesus was dying on the cross and “seeing his mother and the disciple there whom he loved, he said to his mother, ‘Woman, look, here is your son,'” he said to his mother. Then he turned to the disciple and said, ‘Look, here is your mother.’ As a result, the disciple accepted her into his house from that point on” (Jn 19:26-27). According to Jewish tradition, younger siblings are expected to care for their parents after their elder siblings have passed away.

What’s the deal with John?

Perhaps he was the “one whom Jesus loved,” as the saying goes (Jn 13:23).

Then there’s Mary, who was described as having given birth to “her firstborn son” (Lk 2:7).

As a way of giving freely, Jesus declares, “Everything that the Father has is mine.” “For this reason, I told you that he will take from what is mine and disclose it to you” (Jn 16:15). Because “the Father and I are one,” as the saying goes (Jn 10:30).

Siblings By Name

So, who exactly are those brothers and sisters who are listed by name as belonging to Jesus in the Gospel of Mark? It is the carpenter who is being referred to, the son of Mary, and the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon. “Aren’t His sisters our neighbors here,” says Jesus in Mark 6:3. For Father William Saunders, “the mistake arises in Hebrew and Aramaic, the languages of most authentic Old Testament passages as well as the language of Christ.” Because there was no unique term for cousin, nephew, half-brother, or step-brother in these languages, they had to rely on the word brother or a “circumlocution,” such as “The son of Paul’s sister” (Acts 23:16), which clearly indicates that Paul’s nephew is being addressed.

“When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the wordadelphoswas chosen to encompass all of these connotations,” Fr.

Consequently, we must consider the context in which the title is being utilized in each instance.” For instance, when Spanish-speaking individuals (or French-speaking people) talk about their parents, they use the word “my padres” (“mes parents” in French), which means “my parents.” When they refer to aunts, uncles, cousins, and other relatives, the word “mis padres”/”mes parents” is still used.

The Gospels provide further clarification on the aforementioned “siblings.” Mary of Clopas had two sons, James and Joses, who were related to each other (Mk 15:40).

James the Lesser was the younger brother of Alphaeus (Lk 6:15).

But why these four in particular?

They all unanimously declared Symeon, the son of Clopas, whom the Gospel also mentions, to be worthy of the episcopal throne of that parish,” Eusebius writes in his Church History when describing the process of selecting someone to replace James (the head of the Church in Jerusalem), who had been martyred.

Clopas was Joseph’s brother, according to Hegesippus, who writes this.” So… Uncle Clopas was a relative of Jesus!

And then there’s this.

Symeon, the son of the Lord’s uncle, Clopas, was the next bishop.

The Founders of the Protestant Reformation

Mary’s permanent virginity was upheld even by the three fathers of the Reformation – Martin Luther, Hulrych Zwingli, and John Calvin — all of whom were committed to the doctrine. “Christ.was the sole Son of Mary, and the Virgin Mary carried no other children save Him,” according to Martin Luther. “Brothers” truly means ‘cousins’ in this context, because the Bible and the Jews usually refer to cousins as brothers.” (Sermons on John, chapters 1-4, 1537-39; Sermons on John, chapters 1-4, 1539) Quoted from Zwingli: “To deny that Mary was protected by God before, during, and after the birth of her Son would be to disbelieve God’s power.

God saw Mary as superior to all other creatures, even saints and angels, since it was her purity, innocence, and unwavering faith that mankind was called upon to emulate.

On the subject of Mary’s continuous virginity, there is an especially strong emphasis.” The following is taken from John Calvin: “He claims that she was Jesus’ mother’s sister, and in doing so, he employs the phraseology of the Hebrew language, which encompasses cousins and other relatives under the term ‘brothers’.” Despite the fact that many of the Early Church Fathers wrote and preached about Mary’s perpetual virginity, the great St.

Augustine is credited with having said it best: “It was not the visible sun, but its invisible Creator, who consecrated this day for us, when the Virgin Mother, fertile of womb and integral in her virginity, brought him forth, made visible for us, by whom, when he was invisible, she too was created.” A Virgin conceiving, a Virgin carrying, a Virgin pregnant, a Virgin giving birth, and a Virgin perpetuating are all examples of virginity.

“What is it about this that you are perplexed about, O man?” (Sermons 186, verse 1)

Did Jesus have brothers and sisters (siblings)?

QuestionAnswer More than a few verses in the Bible make reference to Jesus’ brothers. A visit by Jesus’ mother and brothers is recorded in three different Bible passages: Matthew 12:46, Luke 8:19, and Mark 3:31. The Bible teaches us that Jesus had four brothers: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the book of Matthew (Matthew 13:55). Although the Bible says that Jesus had sisters, they are neither named or counted in the book of Matthew (Matthew 13:56). In John 7:1-10, Jesus’ brothers accompany him to the feast, while he remains at home.

  • James, according to Galatians 1:19, was Jesus’ younger brother.
  • Some Roman Catholics believe that these “brothers” were actually Jesus’ cousins, rather than his siblings.
  • While the word can apply to other relatives as well, its conventional and literal meaning is a physical brother in the traditional sense.
  • If they were Jesus’ cousins, why were they so frequently represented as being with Mary, Jesus’ mother, if they were Jesus’ cousins?
  • It is also possible, according to a second Roman Catholic theory, that Jesus’ brothers and sisters were the offspring of Joseph from a prior relationship.
  • There is a difficulty with this because the Bible makes no mention of Joseph being previously married or having children before he married Mary.
  • No scriptural basis exists to assume that these siblings are anything other than the biological children of Joseph and Mary, as is commonly believed.
  • “And he named Him Jesus,” the Bible says (Matthew 1:25).

In God’s Word, there is a clear and unequivocal teaching on the subject of marriage. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Is it possible that Jesus had brothers and sisters (siblings)?

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How many siblings did Jesus have?

QuestionAnswer Two verses in the Bible provide us with information on Jesus’ brothers and sisters. “When he returned to his hometown, he began teaching the people in their synagogue, and they were astounded.” Matthew 13:54–57 states that the people were amazed. What they wanted to know was, “Where did this man receive this intelligence and these incredible powers?” ‘Isn’t this the son of the carpenter? What if his mother’s name is Mary, and his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas aren’t named the same as him?

  1. ‘So, where did this man obtain all of these things?’ I wondered.
  2. ‘The brother of James,’ according to Jude 1:1, is the epistle’s author and subject.
  3. It is likely that both James and Jude (Judas) were among the group of siblings who were initially humiliated by their elder brother’s bold notoriety and then came to take Him home to their parents (Matthew 12:46).
  4. However, after seeing Jesus’ resurrection, His siblings became devout followers of the Lord.
  5. Another school of thought holds that the allusions to Jesus’ siblings merely relate to the fact that Joseph had children of his own prior to his marriage to Mary.
  6. Both theories, on the other hand, lack scriptural foundation, and there is no logical reason to assume that the siblings identified by name in Scripture were not the biological children of both Mary and Joseph.
  7. Questions about Matthew (return to top of page) How many brothers and sisters did Jesus have?
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Brothers and Sisters of Jesus

Numerous references to the relatives of Our Lord are found throughout the New Testament. Among these are the following: “Isn’t this the carpenter’s son, the son of Mary, the brother of James, Joseph, Jude, and Simon, and the son of Mary’s brother, the carpenter’s son? Isn’t it true that his sisters are present as well?” (Mk 6.3; see also Mt 13.55–56.) “His brethren” are mentioned in John2.12, 7.3, 5, 10, and Acts of the Apostles1.14, among other places. James is referred to as “the brother of the Lord” by St.

  1. His mother and his brothers, as described in the Synoptics, came to visit Him while He was teaching (Mt 12.46–50; Mk 3.21–25; Lk8.19–21; 1 Cor 9.5) when He was speaking.
  2. The same may be said about the Sacred Scriptures as well.
  3. At Ptolemais, Paul and his companions “greeted the brethren,” which is to say, the Christians (Acts 21.7).
  4. While the names of the so-called “sisters” are not mentioned in the New Testament, the names of four “brothers” are: James, Joseph, Jude, and Simon (all of whom are named in the Old Testament).

In Luke’s account, “James of Alphaeus, and Simon called the fanatic, and Jude the brother of James” (Lk6.14–16) are the men who are referred to as “the brothers of Our Lord.” Paul’s reference to “James the brother of the Lord” (Gal1.19) is most certainly a reference to the Apostle James of Alphaeus, who lived in the first century AD.

  • Of those named, James and Joseph are referred to as the sons of Mary (Mt 27.56,61; 28.1; Mk 15.40,47; Lk 24.10).
  • As a result, some academics believe she is the same person as the “Mary of Cleopas” who is named in this scripture.
  • Assuming this is the case, the conclusion must be that James and Joseph, along with Simon and Jude (although there is greater question about the latter two), are the sons of Mary and Cleopas, also known as Alphaeus, and their father is Cleopas.
  • In the Protoevangelium Jacobi, Origen and Ambrosiaster (Patrologia Latina, 17:344–345), they said that “the brothers of Jesus” were the offspring of Joseph from a previous marriage, although there is no evidence to support this claim.
  • Mary was a virgin when she conceived Jesus, according to the teachings of Scripture (Mt 1.18–25; Lk1.26–27; Mt 2.7).
  • The absolute certainty with which Our Lord is addressed as “the son of Mary” (Mk 6.3) would appear to indicate to him being Mary’s only son.
  • The books of the New Testament are the work of individuals who were among the first members of the Church that Christ established.

By placing these writings in the context of Church history, we are better able to comprehend and interpret them; in this way, new light is shed on the New Testament text concerning the problem of the “brothers of Jesus,” which involves the perpetual virginity of Our Blessed Mother, which is a doctrine of the Church.

  • The fact that Mary did not have any more children, as a result of which the “brothers and sisters” recorded in the New Testament cannot be Our Lord’s biological brothers and sisters, is undeniable in this light.
  • Prat, “La Parentéde Jésus,”Recherches de science religieuse,17 (1927) 127–138; j.
  • j.
  • Marc,”Évangile selon S.

Paris 1947) “The Brethren of the Lord and Two Recently Published Papyri,” Theological Studies, 5 (1944) 484–494. J. J. Collins, “The Brethren of the Lord and Two Recently Published Papyri.” 217 volumes, with indexes on four volumes (Paris, 1878–1890), edited by J. P. Migne.

How many brothers and sisters did Jesus have?

Numerous references to the relatives of Our Lord may be found in various passages of the New Testament. “Not this the carpenter’s son, the son of Mary, the brother of James, Joseph, Jude and Simon? Isn’t he the carpenter’s son, the son of Mary, and the son of Simon? Moreover, aren’t his sisters also here among us?” The Gospel of Mark (Mk 6.3; see also Mt 13.55–56). “His brethren” are mentioned in the following passages: John2.12; 7.3, 5, 10; and Acts of the Apostles1.14. “The brother of the Lord,” as St.

His mother and his brothers, as described in the Synoptics, came to visit Him while He was speaking (Mt 12.46–50; Mk 3.21–25; Lk8.19–21; 1 Cor 9.5) when He was preaching.

In the case of the Holy Scriptures, the same holds true.

The Christians at Ptolemais were welcomed by Paul and his company, who “greeted the brethren” (Acts 21.7).

Four “brothers” are mentioned in the New Testament, but no names are provided to the so-called “sisters.” James, Joseph, Jude and Simon are the names given to the four “brothers.” There are three of these names included in the list of the Apostles (Mt 10.2–4; Mark 3.14–19; Lk 6.12–16; Acts 1.13), with one of them, the name of James, appearing twice in the text.

  1. James and Joseph are the sons of Mary, who is one of the ladies referenced in the tale of Our Lord’s suffering, death, and resurrection.
  2. There is no way that this Mary could be Jesus’ mother; yet, some have identified her as “His mother’s sister,” who stood at the foot of the cross and wept (Jn 19.25).
  3. Clopas, cleopas, or Clopas may be another spelling of Alphaeus, which is a probable alternative spelling.
  4. Alternatively, Cleopas might be considered the brother of Joseph, who was Our Lord’s foster father.
  5. The wide range of viewpoints indicates that the words in the New Testament that refer to Our Lord’s “brothers and sisters and brethren” cannot be utilized to establish a definitive relationship between the two parties.
  6. Firstborn is a word that simply refers to the kid who is the first to “open the womb,” with no suggestion that there will be further children to follow.
  7. Upon His deathbed, Our Lord entrusted John, His beloved Apostle, with the care of His Mother, which would have been an odd decision if she had other sons.

When it comes to teaching and preaching, they are inspired, and their beliefs are those of the early Church.

Mary was taught to be a virgin by the Church from the beginning of time.


Blinzler, “Zum Problem der Brüder des Herrn,”Trierer theologische Zeitschrift,67 (1958) 129–145, 224–246; and m.

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Lagrange, “Évangile selon S.

Marc,”Évangile selon S. Marc, 67 (1958) 127–138 (4th ed. Paris 1947) j. j. collins, “The Brethren of the Lord and Two Recently Published Papyri,” Theological Studies, vol. 5, no. 4, 1944, pp. 484–496. 217 volumes, with indexes on four volumes (Paris, 1878–1890), ed. J. P. Migne

Bible Answer:

Despite the fact that the New Testament informs us that Jesus had four brothers, it does not provide information on how many sisters He had. Isn’t this the carpenter’s son, or something? Isn’t His mother, Mary, and his brothers, James and Joseph, as well as Simon and Judas, all named Mary? And His sisters, aren’t they all here with us as well? (NASB) The Bible says in Matthew 13:55-56:


James was Jesus’ first sibling, and he was born in Bethlehem. According to the apostle Paul, he was a member of the apostles’ group. I did not, however, see any of the apostles other than James, the Lord’s brother, and that was a disappointment. The church in Jerusalem was led by him, and he was its spiritual leader (Acts 12:17; 15:13). We also think that this brother was the author of the book of James in the New Testament.


This sibling was given the name of Jesus’ paternal grandfather. Normally, we would expect Jesus to be called after his father, but Joseph was instructed by an angel to name Him Jesus. “In a dream, an angel of the Lord came to him and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be frightened to take Mary as your wife, for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.” As a result, she will get pregnant and give birth to a son, whom you will name Jesus, because it is He who will redeem His people from their sins.” (NASB) Matthew 1:20–21 (NASB) This brother went by two different names.

Jesus also goes by the name Joses, which may be found in Mark 6:3).


We don’t know anything about this sibling of Jesus’s background.


The fact that he is an apostle of Jesus is a complete mystery.


It is revealed in Scripture that His brothers did not believe in Him in the outset. not even His brothers were believing in Him at the time of His death. (NASB) 7:5 (John 7:5) Did they all come to trust in Jesus in the end? We don’t know what to say. However, the Bible does disclose that at least two of Jesus’ brothers were Christians: James, who was an apostle, and Jude, who was a disciple. Scripture doesn’t provide us with any further information on His other brothers and sisters, either.

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I’m curious when the notion in Mary’s everlasting virginity first gained traction. God is being sought after.

Did Jesus Have Brothers and Sisters?

I’m curious when the belief in Mary’s permanent virginity first became popular. God’s presence is sought.

  1. As a result of a prior marriage, there were children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus was born, resulting in His younger brothers and sisters (natural half-brothers and sisters)
  2. These were the offspring of Joseph from that previous marriage (step-brothers and sisters). This was the point of view of Epiphanius, a fourth-century supporter of Mary’s everlasting virginity who held this belief. It was also the point of view of the classical scholar Jerome at the time. The famous scholar Joseph Barber Lightfoot, among others, has defended this point of view in modern times, stating that they were cousins of Jesus rather than genuine brothers and sisters. They were the sons of Cleopas, who was purportedly Joseph’s brother or brother-in-law
  3. They were the sons of Cleopas
  4. And they were the sons of Joseph.

As a result of a prior marriage, there were children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus was born, resulting in His younger brothers and sisters (natural half-brothers and sisters); they were offspring of Joseph from a previous marriage (step-brothers and sisters). This was the position taken by Epiphanius, a fourth-century supporter of Mary’s everlasting virginity. According to Jerome, an ancient scholar, this was also his point of view as well.

The famous scholar Joseph Barber Lightfoot, among others, has defended this point of view in modern times, stating that they were cousins rather than genuine brothers and sisters of Jesus. Apparently, Cleopas was Joseph’s brother or brother-in-law, and they were the sons of Cleopas.

Did Jesus have “blood” brothers and sisters?

This concern arises because the gospels make frequent references to our Lord’s “brothers” and “sisters.” According to the English version of the Gospel of St. Mark provided by the New American Bible, the throng does indeed inquire: “Isn’t this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses, as well as Judas and Simon?” “Aren’t his sisters our next-door neighbors?” (Matthew 6:3). A similar passage may be seen earlier in Mark 3:31 — “His mother and brothers came to see him.” The difficulty arises while attempting to comprehend the meaning of the wordbrother.

Adelphos, on the other hand, does not just refer to blood brothers who were born to the same parents.

Other types of connections, such as cousins, nephews, and uncles, were also described by the term.

Another example is Laban, who was anadelphosto Jacob, but not as a brother, but as an uncle, according to the Torah.

The same is true for the wordister in Greek, which has the same meaning.

Actually, the misconception stems from the languages of Hebrew and Aramaic, which were the languages of most of the original Old Testament manuscripts as well as the language of Christ.

When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the wordadelphoswas employed to capture all of these connotations for male relations in the Old Testament and the New Testament, respectively.

On the whole, there is a misunderstanding in English because of the lack of specific terminology for relatives in both Hebrew and Aramaic, as well as because the Greek adelphos is used to refer to all of these relationships.

Mary of Cleophas had two sons, James and Joses, who were named after her (Mark 15:40).

Judas was the son of James (not one of the apostles), and he was a traitor (Luke 6:16).

The sons of Zebedee, James the greater and John, had a mother other than our Blessed Mother Mary, who was their grandmother (Matthew 20:20ff).

Matthew 1:18-25, Luke 1:26-38).

Always, and only, does it allude to the “sons of Mary” or “a son of Mary,” but always to the “son of Mary.” This argument is reinforced once again during the crucifixion scene, when our Lord says to Mary, “Woman, there is your son,” and then to St.

” According to Jewish law, the oldest son was responsible for caring for his widowed mother, and if something occurred to the first born son, the burden would be passed on to the next oldest son.

Joseph had passed away by this point.

John, the Beloved Disciple.

Joseph was a widower who had other children before he met and married Mary.

Perhaps it is because of this belief that St.

Actually, this entire state of misunderstanding is nothing new.

“A unique, evil, and audacious assault on the religion of the entire globe,” according to St.

Jerome utilized Scripture as well as the writings of the fathers such as Saints Ignatius, Polycarp, Irenaeus, and Justin Martyr to oppose Helvidius in his work On the Perpetual Virginity of the Blessed Virgin.

This belief is founded on Sacred Scripture and Tradition.

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