What Hour Did Jesus Die

What time was Jesus crucified? What time did Jesus die on the cross?

Answer The gospel authors make a number of references to the period of Jesus’ crucifixion in their writings. When we put all of these allusions together, we may obtain an approximation of when time of day Jesus died. The New American Standard Bible (NASB) will be used in this article since it provides a literal translation of the time references given in the original Greek. We know that Jesus was arrested in the middle of the night and brought before Pilate the next morning. “Now when the morning came, all the chief priests and elders of the people conspired together against Jesus, deciding that He should be put to death; and they tied Him, carried Him away, and handed Him to Pilate the governor,” Matthew 27:1–2.

Pilate, on the other hand, had to make the final call.

Pilate saw he was achieving nothing and that a riot was about to break out.

Then he freed Barabbas for them.

” When it was at the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice and said, ‘Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?’ (Who is like God?) in other words, ‘My God, My God, why have You abandoned Me?’ In fact, when they heard it, several of the people who were gathered there immediately began to exclaim, ‘This man is asking for Elijah.’ So one of them dashed to the side of the road and, taking a sponge, filled it with sour wine, placed it on a reed, and handed it to Jesus to drink.

  • The rest, on the other hand, replied, ‘Let us wait and see whether Elijah will arrive to save Him.’ And Jesus cried out with a loud voice once again, this time yielding up His spirit.
  • Consequently, Jesus died “about the ninth hour,” according to Matthew.
  • Mark 15:25 provides more detail, stating, “It was the third hour when they crucified Him,” and the rest of the tale is consistent with Matthew and Luke’s accounts of the hours of darkness and the death of Jesus.
  • It was at the ninth hour when darkness descended from the sixth hour until the ninth hour, and Jesus died at about that time.
  • Considering that a new day begins at midnight, the third hour would be 3:00 a.m., according to current reckoning.
  • As a result, the third hour when Jesus was crucified would have been three hours after sunrise, or around 9:00 a.m.
  • All of this is rather clear, except for the fact that John appears to record something entirely different.

It was approximately the sixth hour on the day of preparation for the Passover.” It was now the day of preparation for the Passover.

There are a number of plausible answers to the apparent disparity in the data.

If this is the case, the sixth hour would be approximately 6:00 a.m.

A.

605).

Andrew Kostenberger also notes that when referring to time in John 1:39, John appears to be referring to late afternoon (4:00 PM), rather than the traditional sunup-to-sundown frame of reference (Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, “John,” Baker Academic, 2004, p.

As a result, it appears that the “Roman time” option is doubtful.

An early copyist of John, according to one view, mistyped the Greek numeral digamma (6 instead of 6) when writing the text (the Greek numeral gamma, or3).

606).

Even though Kostenberger does not necessarily agree with the notion, he speculates that John may be making a theological argument rather than seeking to provide a literal indicator of the time (op cit, p.

The choosing of the Paschal lamb would generally take place at midday on the day before Passover, according to tradition.

This approach, on the other hand, has its own set of chronological challenges.

Given that Jesus had previously eaten the Passover with His followers, it appears that the dinner itself had already taken place at that point in time.

538) and Carson (p.

The day was commonly split into three-hour blocks before the invention of watches and other exact timekeeping technologies, and people frequently approximated and rounded off the time.

(noon).

The nearest quarter or half hour is frequently used, even in current times when digital clocks can determine time to the second.

Alternatively, it is probable that John and Mark “rounded off” the timings as a matter of tradition.

“More than likely, we are in risk of requiring a level of accuracy in both Mark and John that could not have been accomplished in the days before watches,” Carson says.

“If the sun was moving toward the center of the sky, two separate observers may readily have peered up and determined that it was ‘approximately the third hour’ or ‘about the sixth hour,'” the author writes” (p.

Considering all of the evidence, it appears that Jesus was crucified at some point in the morning and died at some point later in the afternoon.

In this particular matter, the gospel writers were not overly concerned with accuracy. In contrast, they were significantly more concerned with the theological ramifications, which they meticulously documented.

You Asked: What Time Did Jesus Die?

Answer Regarding the hour of Jesus’ crucifixion, the gospel writers make a number of allusions. When we put all of these allusions together, we might obtain a sense of when time of day Jesus was killed. Because it provides a literal translation of time references contained in the original Greek, we shall be using the New American Standard Bible (NASB) throughout this essay. Known to us at this point is that Jesus was captured at night and brought before Pilate the next morning. “Now when the morning came, all the chief priests and elders of the people gathered together against Jesus, deciding that He should be put to death; and they tied Him, carried Him away, and brought Him to Pilate the governor,” Matthew 27:1–2 informs us.

In the end, Pilate was the one who had to make the call.

“When Pilate realized that he was doing nothing, but rather that a riot was erupting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the mob, declaring, ‘I am innocent of this Man’s blood; see to it yourselves.’ And all of the people cried out, “His blood shall be on us and our children!” When he had finished scourging Jesus, he delivered Him over to be crucified” (Matthew 27:24–26), he freed Barabbas in exchange for them.

  • When Jesus was crucified, Matthew gives us several evidence as to when it happened.
  • ‘My God, My God, why have You abandoned Me?’ he cries out.
  • “Let us wait and see whether Elijah will arrive to save Him,” the remainder of the group decided.
  • Then the curtain of the temple was ripped in two from top to bottom, and the ground shook with a violent earthquake, and the rocks were split” (Matthew 27:45–51).
  • Jesus’ death is recorded in Luke 23:44–47, which corresponds with Matthew’s description of darkness falling at the sixth hour and Jesus’ death occurring at the ninth.
  • Putting the stories from the Synoptic Gospels together, Jesus was crucified about 3 o’clock in the afternoon.
  • Three hours of the time were spent in complete darkness.

The third hour would be 3:00 a.m.

The Jewish day, on the other hand, did not begin at sunset, but rather at sunrise, which would be about 6:00 a.m.

The sixth hour of darkness would be around noon, and the ninth hour of Jesus’ death would be approximately 3:00 PM.

“Therefore, when Pilate heard these statements, he dragged Jesus out and sat down on the judgment bench in a site called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha,” according to John 19:13–14.

For the apparent mismatch, there are a number of viable answers.

If John is counting hours from midnight, the sixth hour would be approximately 6:00 a.m., according to another theory The problem of chronology is thus resolved; however, according to the findings of Henry Morris’ research, D.

Carson thinks that this is unlikely, as Roman legal documents were usually the only ones that used this method of reckoning (Pillar New Testament Commentary, “John,” Eerdmans, 1991, p 605).

363), which is supported by other scholars.

74–75; Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, “Joshua,” Baker Academic, 2004).

It has also been suggested that the mention of the sixth hour by John was due to a mistake in the transcription of his speech.

In this case, John and Mark would appear to be completely in accord; nevertheless, Carson points out that there is no manuscript evidence for this variation (op cit, p.

In order to get this result, we must completely rely on guesswork.

536).

on the day before Passover, when the Paschal lamb would be chosen.

This approach, on the other hand, has its own set of chronological problems.

Given that Jesus had previously eaten the Passover with His followers, it appears as though the dinner itself had already taken place at that point in time.

538) and Carson (p.

The day was traditionally split into three-hour blocks before the invention of watches and other exact timekeeping technologies, and people frequently approximated and rounded off the time.

There is no disagreement in this solution; rather, there is a variance in the way each writer assessed the amount of time they would require.

Following this method, the decision between the third and sixth hours would be based on the individual’s assessment.

Ultimately, it is possible that this is an instance of current scientific accuracy being expected from an antique text.

Most people, who could not take sundials or astronomical charts with them, had to make do with a rough estimate of the time they were experiencing.

605).

Between three and six hours would have elapsed between his death on the cross, with a significant chunk of that time spent in complete darkness.

In this regard, the gospel authors were not excessively concerned with accuracy. However, they were considerably more concerned with theological consequences, which they meticulously documented.

How Jews Understood Time in the Day and Night

First and foremost, we must keep in mind that we, in the Western world, are exceedingly time sensitive, and we keep track of the passage of time down to the second. “Time notations from the time of Christ and earlier were extremely inaccurate, having little or no similarity to the current sense of timeliness,” explains Johnny V. Miller. Sundials were not often used in the first century, and there was no time unit smaller than the “hour” that was widely accepted. Second, Jews believed that a day consisted of 12 hours, from sunrise to sunset, and that this indicated the length of a day.

  1. Third, Jews used to split the day into three halves using three reference points.
  2. 20:1-9).
  3. 27:45;Mark 15:25,33;Luke 23:44;John 19:14).
  4. The Lord instructs his followers to remain alert when discussing the approaching return of the Messiah, saying, “For you do not know when your lord ofthe house will arrive, in the evening or at midnight, or at first light of the dawn, or in the morning” (Mark 13:35).
  5. Kevin Lipp created the following useful graphic assistance for us:

What Is Going on in Mark 15:25 and John 19:14?

When we come to a passage like Mark 15:25, it is probably best to understand the expression “the third hour” not as a precise reference to 9 a.m., but rather as an approximate reference to midmorning—from 7:30 or 8:00 a.m. until 10 or 10:30 a.m. When we come to a passage like Mark 15:25, it is probably best to understand the expression “the third hour” not as a precise reference to 9 a.m., but Similarly, the “sixth hour” might refer to any period between 10:30 a.m. and 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. or 1:30 p.m.

Note that the “hours” were only rough estimations of the sun’s location in a quadrant of the sky, so keep that in mind.

and two witnesses were to look at the sun in the sky, one may round down to “about the third hour” and the other could round up to “about the sixth hour,” depending on other factors they would want to emphasize during the sentencing (for example, if John wants to highlight in particular the length of the proceedings and that the final verdict concerning the Lamb of God is not far off from the noontime slaughter of lambs for the Sabbath dinner of Passover week).

At the end of the day, there is no final contradiction, especially given the fact that John provides an estimate (“approximately”) of something that was never intended to be accurate to begin with.

When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time

There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.

Cultural Information to Keep in Mind

1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.

This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.

See also:  What Is The Gospel Of Jesus Christ

Click HERE to download your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide -Praying Through Holy Week.

What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial

The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.

In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.

Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).

As it happened, they placed Jesus there since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was close by (John 19:42).

What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?

Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.

  • Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
  • Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
  • Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
  • Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant

What Time Did Jesus Die?

Wednesday Even though the crucifixion took place on a Wednesday, this would allow Jesus to be buried for three full days and nights, which would also entail that He resurrected on the following day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest; instead, it took place on Thursday, the day of the weekday rest. The Crucifixion on Thursday transfers the Triumphal Entry to Sunday, which makes more logic and eliminates the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded).

The data suggests that Friday is the most consistent with both biblical narratives and historical circumstances.

The day before the preparations for the tomb were completed, as previously stated, Jesus was hurried into the tomb.

As a result, the day is merely considered “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything noteworthy.

Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John

  • The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
  • Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”

What Year Did Jesus Die?

During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.

Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.

“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.

I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.

3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death

Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.

  • The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
  • We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
  • The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
  • 2.
  • John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
  • In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
  • 3.

Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.

What time of day did the crucifixion happen?

Earlier in the day, about 6 a.m. or shortly afterwards, the Jewish leaders arrived to Pilate’s office (see John 19:14). It was approximately seven o’clock in the morning on Friday when Herod was summoned to court. Jesus’ second trial before Pilate began about 8 a.m., and according to Mark 15:25, it concluded with the crucifixion taking place at “the third hour,” which corresponds to nine o’clock in the morning using the Jewish way of counting. It was approximately 3 p.m. when Jesus cried out, “It is done,” and died on the crucifixion, which occurred around noon when He was hanging on the cross (see Matthew 27:45).

The trials of Jesus

In the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus was apprehended by the Jewish religious authorities at roughly midnight, according to the majority of commentaries. In the home of Caiaphas, He was put on trial for the first time at roughly one o’clock in the morning, and the second effort to accuse Him happened an hour or so later, at approximately two or three o’clock in the afternoon. Then, somewhere between three and four o’clock in the morning, the trial before the Sanhedrin took place before the court.

  • and the sun rises around 5:30 a.m.
  • and the sun rises around 5:30 a.m.
  • As a result, it was necessary to confirm it in broad daylight.
  • In the year of the crucifixion, Nisan 14, the day scheduled for the killing of the paschal lambs, occurred on a Thursday; the preparation for (or eve of) the Passover coincided with the preparation for (or eve of) the weekly Sabbath, resulting in a conflict between the two.
  • Mark 15:42 to 16:2; Luke 23:5 to 24:1).

7 Clues Tell Us *Precisely* When Jesus Died (the Year, Month, Day, and Hour Revealed)

When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be? Is it possible to pinpoint the precise date? We are in the midst of our yearly commemoration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which began on Easter Sunday. All of us are aware that something like this occurred in Jerusalem during the first century. That distinguishes Jesus from mythological pagan deities, who were said to have lived in places and at times that no one could pinpoint precisely. When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be?

We have the ability to do so.

Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas

According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53).

Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.

Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate

All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?

Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”

The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.

36.

Clue4: Crucified on a Friday

The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke: “The word of the Lord came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (Acts 15:15) That year is A.D. 29, and this is the year that is selected. In light of the fact that all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry commencing after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we can trim a few more years off our estimated time frame. Between the years A.D.

Clue5: A Friday at Passover

It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.

  1. It was still early in the morning.
  2. As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
  3. There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
  4. Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
  5. In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
  6. No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.

Because of this, we can reduce the range of probable dates down to only a handful. The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D. 29 and 36 on which Passover began in the evening:

  • Monday, April 18, the year 29
  • Friday, April 7, the year 30
  • Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
  • Monday, April 14, the year 32
  • Friday, April 3, the year 33
  • Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
  • Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
  • And Saturday, March 31, the year 36
See also:  What Is Jesus Real Name

As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?

Clue6: John’s Three Passovers

During Jesus’ career, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers: the first, the second, and the third.

  • During the ministry of Jesus, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers:

That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.

The numbers don’t add up in this case.

Is it possible to be any more specific?

Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”

Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.

This is the exact moment it occurred.

What Now?

MySecret Information Club invites you to become a member if you enjoy the information I’ve provided here on my website. The Secret Information Club, if you’re not familiar with it, is a free service that I provide only through electronic mail. On a range of intriguing issues related to the Catholic faith, I send out information to my subscribers. If you sign up, you will receive information on what Pope Benedict has stated regarding the book of Revelation as one of the very first things you’ll receive.

If you’re interested in learning more about them, just sign up using this convenient sign-up form: If you have any problems, please contact me through email.

The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.

Verse by Verse Ministry International

According to what I heard Pastor Armstrong preach, Jesus gave up His life at 6 a.m. on Thursday, however the scriptures declare that He gave up His spirit at night time. But it also doesn’t make sense to be at 3 p.m. because it never becomes dark at that time of day, and the gospels claim that there was darkness over the region as Jesus cried out to his Father. So, what time was it in the actual world? Unfortunately, we do not teach that Jesus died at 6 a.m. on Thursday, and we are not sure whatever doctrine you are referring to.

Rather than referring to our modern-day clock hours, the time references given in the Gospels pertain to the Jewish and Roman systems of calculating time, respectively.

It’s critical to grasp this in order to correctly evaluate the time references that appear in the text. An interesting graphic that compares the ways in which Romans and Jews measured the hours on the clock is shown below:

12 midnight Roman start of day Jewish 6th hour of night
3:00am Roman 3rd hour Jewish 9th hour of night
6:00am Roman 6th hour Jewish start of day (sunrise)
9:00am Roman 9th hour Jewish 3rd hour of day
12 noon Roman 12th hour Jewish 6th hour of day
3:00pm Roman 3rd hour Jewish 9th hour of day
6:00pm Roman 6th hour Jewish start of night (sunset)
9:00pm Roman 9th hour Jewish 3rd hour of night

Jesus gave up His life at 6 a.m. on Thursday, according to Pastor Armstrong’s teaching, while the Gospels declare that He gave up His spirit at night. The time of day, however, seems incongruous because it never becomes dark at 3 p.m., and according to the gospels, darkness covered the entire area as Jesus called out to his Father. How did you find out what time it was in the end? Regardless of whose doctrine you are referring to, we do not teach that Jesus died at 6 o’clock on Thursday morning, as you have suggested.

Rather than referring to our modern-day clock hours, the time references provided in the Gospels pertain to the Jewish and Roman systems of calculating time, respectively.

To properly read the time references, it’s critical to grasp what’s going on here.

How Many Hours Did Jesus Suffer on the Cross?

Generally speaking, it is believed that Jesus endured on the Cross for three hours before to His death. Although this assertion is incorrect, it is also predicated on the assumption that the testimony of the synoptic Gospels (St. Matthew, St. Mark, and St. Luke) contradicts the testimony of St. John’s Gospel. Ultimately, the goal of this article is to determine what is causing the confusion about the length of time that Jesus suffered on the Cross, to determine the actual length of time that our Lord suffered on the Cross, and to resolve the issue by demonstrating that there is no contradiction between the testimonies of St.

  1. It appears that there is a conflict between the Gospel of St.
  2. John over the date on which Jesus was crucified, which is the basis of the uncertainty.
  3. Mark 15:25 expressly specifies that Jesus was crucified at the “third hour,” which corresponds to 9:00 a.m.
  4. Saint John’s Gospel claims that Jesus was on trial and turned over to be executed at the “sixth hour,” which would be noon if St.
  5. As a result, because St.
  6. Mark 15:33-37, and St.
  7. John 19:14 from the Gospel of St.
  8. However, according to the Gospels of St.
  9. Mark 15:33, and St.
  10. For example, how is it possible that the Gospel of St.

It appears that the synoptic Gospels are in accord on the specifics of the Crucifixion in this passage:

  1. When Jesus was crucified, the world went dark during the “third hour” (9:00 AM) — St.Mark 15:25
  2. When Jesus was hanging on the Cross, the world went dark during the “sixth hour” (12:00 PM) — St.Matthew 27:45
  3. When Jesus died on the Cross, the world went dark during the “ninth hour” — St.Matthew 27:46-50, St.Mark 15:33-37, and St.Luk

During the “third hour” (9:00 a.m.), Jesus is crucified — St.Mark 15:25; The world goes black during the “sixth hour” (12:00 p.m.), as Jesus is hanging on the Cross — St.Matthew 27:45, St.Mark 15:33, and St.Luke 23:44; Jesus died on the Cross during the “ninth hour” (23:44-46);

  1. Concerning the time of the events surrounding the Crucifixion, the evidence of the synoptic Gospels is at odds with the witness of John’s gospel. The Gospel of John provides accurate information about the time of Jesus’ crucifixion, but the synoptic Gospels provide inaccurate information. The synoptic Gospels are right regarding the date of Jesus’ death, despite the fact that they were incorrect about the day of His crucifixion and the date on which the world went black.

These three fundamental assumptions, on the other hand, are extremely troublesome since the Catholic Church holds that Sacred Scripture is without error. “Since, therefore, all that the inspired authors or sacred writers affirm should be regarded as being affirmed by the Holy Spirit, we must acknowledge that the books of Scripture firmly, faithfully, and without error teach that truth which God, for the sake of our salvation, desired to be confided to the Sacred Scriptures,” states paragraph 107 of the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC).

  1. John cannot be reconciled with the testimony of the synoptic Gospels, including the specifics of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection.
  2. John’s witness and the testimony of the synoptic Gospels, assuming they cannot be in contradiction?
  3. What if St.
  4. What if St.
  5. As a result, if the synoptic Gospels are referring to Jewish time and the Gospel of John is referring to Roman time, the Gospel stories are completely consistent.
  1. However, because the Catholic Church claims that Sacred Scripture is without error, these three required assumptions are extremely difficult. The Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) states in paragraph 107 that the inspired books teach the truth. “Because all that the inspired authors or sacred writers affirm should be regarded as affirmed by the Holy Spirit, we must acknowledge that the books of Scripture firmly, faithfully, and without error teach that truth which God, for the sake of our salvation, wished to see confided to the Sacred Scriptures.” In light of the fact that the Scriptures firmly, faithfully, and without mistake convey the truth, and that truth cannot contradict itself, it follows that the testimony of the Gospel of St. John cannot be reconciled with the testimony of the synoptic Gospels, including the specifics of the Crucifixion. The apparent disparities between St. John’s witness and the testimony of the synoptic Gospels must be reconciled if the Gospels cannot be seen as contradicting one another. How the term “hour” is defined is what brings the two sides back into harmony. Could it be that St. John wasn’t referring to Jewish time at all when he stated “sixth hour,” but was instead alluding to a completely different period? If St. John was referring to Roman time rather than Jewish time, what would be the implication? As a result, if the synoptic Gospels are referring to Jewish time and the Gospel of John is referring to Roman time, then the Gospel stories are entirely consistent. Look at the following timetable for further information.

With this perspective, we can clearly see that there is no conflict between the Gospel of St. John and the synoptic Gospels, and as a result, this interpretation sustains the inerrancy of Sacred Scripture, which the Church recognizes in CCC 107. Please study the following chart, which depicts the approximate link between Jewish time and Roman time, and always remember that the Gospel of St. John refers to Roman time, whilst the synoptic Gospels relate to Jewish time: Hours and Watches, for a better understanding of this.

” Recognition of these truths exposes something quite intriguing!

However, the manner in which we count hours and days differs from the manner in which the people of Jesus’ day numbered hours and days.

A counting series, on the other hand, always began with the number one. So, what precisely does that imply and imply? The distinction is as follows:

  1. Modern counting is as follows: 9:00 AM equals 0 hours
  2. 10:00 AM equals 1 hour
  3. 11:00 AM equals 2 hours
  4. 12:00 PM equals 3 hours
  5. 1:00 PM equals 4 hours
  6. 2:00 PM equals 5 hours
  7. 3:00 PM equals 6 hours.
  1. For example, if you are counting during the time of Jesus, 9:00 AM is one hour, 10:00 AM is two hours, 11:00 AM is three hours, 12:00 PM is four hours, 1:00 PM is five hours, 2:00 PM is six hours, and 3:00 PM is seven hours.

“The History of Zero:How was zero discovered?” by Nils-Bertil Wallin provides further information on the origin of the zero placeholder. Jesus’ suffering on the Cross lasted seven hours, according to the Gospel writers and their intended audience, which is a considerable amount of time in history. Why? The reason for this is because Jesus simultaneously fulfilled the Old Covenant while also transforming it into a new covenant, and the Old Covenant was comprised of seven agreements between God and man.

  1. Isn’t it fascinating how God works in mysterious ways?!
  2. When the Gospel stories are read in their correct context, this knowledge is gained.
  3. Jason Hull is a musician from the United Kingdom.
  4. PermissionsAll intellectual property rights are reserved.

Relive Jesus Christ’s Final Hours of Passion and Suffering

Christians pay particular attention to the passion of Jesus Christ throughout the Easter season, particularly on Good Friday. The Lord’s final hours of torture and death on the cross lasted around six hours in duration. This chronology of Jesus’ death lays down the events of Good Friday as they are recounted in the Bible, including the events that occurred right before and immediately after the crucifixion of Jesus. Many of the actual timings of these occurrences are not recorded in Scripture, which is an essential point to emphasize.

Take a look at thisHoly Week Timeline to get a more comprehensive picture of the events leading up to Jesus’ crucifixion and to walk those steps with him.

Timeline of Jesus’ Death

  • The Last Supper (Matthew 26:20-30
  • Mark 14:17-26
  • Luke 22:14-38
  • John 13:21-30)
  • In the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36-46
  • Mark 14:32-42
  • Luke 22:39-45)
  • In the Garden of Gethseman Jesus is betrayed and arrested (Matthew 26:47-56
  • Mark 14:43-52
  • Luke 22:47-53
  • John 18:1-11)
  • The Religious Leaders Condemn Jesus (Matthew 27:1-2
  • Mark 15:1
  • Luke 22:66-71)
  • Jesus is crucified (Matthew 27:1-2
  • Luke

Good Friday’s Events

Before the religious leaders could execute Jesus, they required the approval of the Roman government to carry out their death sentence. Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, who determined that there was no basis for charging him. Pilate ordered that Jesus be sent to Herod, who was present in Jerusalem at the time. Jesus refused to answer Herod’s inquiries, and as a result, Herod had him returned to the custody of Pilate.

Despite the fact that Pilate deemed Jesus to be innocent, he was afraid of the people and condemned him to death. Jesus was beaten, insulted, stripped naked, and crowned with thorns as a punishment. He was forced to bear his own cross and was dragged away to the cross of Calvary.

6 AM

  • Jesus Is Put on Trial Before Pilate (Matthew 27:11-14
  • Mark 15:2-5
  • Luke 23:1-5
  • John 18:28-37)
  • Jesus Is Put on Trial Before Pilate (Matthew 27:11-14
  • Herod was summoned by Jesus (Luke 23:6-12)
See also:  When Did Jesus Live And Die

7 AM

  • Luke 23:11 describes Jesus’ return to Pilate
  • Matthew 27:26, Mark 15:15, Luke 23:23-24, and John 19:16 describe Jesus’ death sentence. Luke 23:11 describes the return of Jesus to Pilate.

Jesus being scourged across the face, around 1897. Jesus was humiliated, tried, and tormented after his arrest and throughout the week leading up to his crucifixion, which took place during the week of his Passion. He gets chained to a post and whipped in the face in this scene. James Tissot is the artist behind this piece. Getty Images / Print Collector / Print Collector

8 AM

  • In Matthew 27:32-34, Mark 15:21-24, Luke 23:26-31, and John 19:16-17, we see Jesus being led away to Calvary.

The Crucifixion

To secure Jesus to the crucified, soldiers drove stake-like nails into Jesus’ wrist and ankle joints, securing him to the cross. He was given the title “The King of the Jews” and an inscription was erected above his head. For roughly six hours, Jesus hung on the cross, until he exhaled his last breath. Soldiers took turns drawing lots for Jesus’ garments while he was hanging on the cross. Onlookers hurled obscenities and jeered at the performers. Two criminals were nailed on the cross at the same time.

After then, the area was enveloped in darkness.

9 AM – “The Third Hour”

  • On secure Jesus to the cross, soldiers drove stake-like nails into Jesus’ wrist and ankle joints, resembling stakes. He was crowned “The King of the Jews” when an inscription was put over his head. For about six hours, Jesus hung on the cross, waiting for his final breath to come. Soldiers divided apart Jesus’ garments when he was hanging on the cross. With insults and jeering, onlookers reacted violently. During the same period of time, two criminals were nailed to crosses. Jesus addressed Mary and John at one time. Immediately following that, the area was enveloped in darkness. At the moment Jesus surrendered his spirit, an earthquake rocked the ground, causing the temple curtain to split down the middle.

10 AM

  • Jesus is slandered and mocked by the people. “And the people who passed by yelled insults and laughed, shaking their heads in mocking.” Matthew 27:39-40 “So! Is it true that you can demolish the Temple and reassemble it in just three days? So, if you are the Son of God, please save yourself and come down off the cross!” (NLT) Likewise, in Mark 15:31, the chief priests and professors of religious law insulted Jesus and his followers as well. It was said that “he saved others,” but “he can’t save himself!” they sneered. (NLT) Luke 23:36-37- The soldiers made fun of him as well, bringing him a glass of sour wine to drink. “If you are the King of the Jews, spare yourself!” they cried out to him from the crowd. In Luke 23:39, one of the convicts who was hanging there shouted accusations at Jesus, according to the New Living Translation “Isn’t it true that you’re the Christ? Save yourself as well as us!” (NIV)

11 AM

  • Jesus and the Criminal – Luke 23:40-43 – Jesus and the criminal The other criminal, on the other hand, scolded him. “”Don’t you have any fear of God,” he said, referring to the fact that they were both serving the same sentence. We are being punished fairly, since we are receiving the consequences of our actions. This individual, on the other hand, has done nothing wrong.” “Jesus, please keep me in mind when you come into your kingdom,” he continued. “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise,” Jesus said in response to his question. (NIV)
  • Mary and John are addressed by Jesus in John 19:26-27.

Noon – “The Sixth Hour”

  • Jesus cries out to the Father (Matthew 27:46-47). And at about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? “My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?” says the speaker. (NKJV)
  • John 19:28-29: Jesus Is Thirsty (John 19:28-29)

2 PM

  • It Is Completed – John 19:30a- After tasting it, Jesus declared, “It is completed!” (NLT)
  • Father, I surrender my spirit into your hands, says Jesus in Luke 23:46. “Father, I commit my spirit into your hands,” Jesus said with a loud voice. When he had finished speaking, he took his last breath. (NIV)

The painting ‘The Descent from the Cross’ was created about 1890. From James Tissot’s The Life of our Savior Jesus Christ, we learn that Christ was carried down from the cross on which he had been crucified after he had been dead for three days. Collected prints, contributed images, and worked for Getty Images.

3 PM – “The Ninth Hour”

  • The Earthquake occurs, and the Temple Veil is torn in half – Matthew 27:51-52 The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same time. The ground trembled, and the rocks cracked open. The graves were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God. “Surely Jesus was the Son of God!” said TheCenturion (New International Version). Jesus is nailed to the cross (Matthew 27:54
  • Mark 15:38
  • Luke 23:47)
  • The Soldiers Break the Thieves’ Legs (John 19:31-33)
  • The Soldier Pierces Jesus’ Side (John 19:34)
  • Jesus is Laid in the Tomb (Matthew 27:57-61
  • Mark 15:42-47
  • Luke 23:50-56
  • John 19:38-42)
  • Jesus Rises from the Dead (Matthew 28

April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died

The Earthquake occurs, and the Temple Veil is torn in half – Matthew 27:51-52-. The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same instant. Rocks cracked and the earth began to shake. A number of saintly persons who had died were brought back to life once their tombs were opened. ‘Surely Jesus was the Son of God!’ said TheCenturion (New International Version). (Matthew 27:54; Mark 15:38; Luke 23:47); The Soldiers Break the Thieves’ Legs(John 19:31-33); The Soldier Pierces Jesus’ Side(John 19:34); Jesus is Laid in the Tomb(Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42); Jesus Rises from the Dead(Matthew 28:1-7; Mark 16:1

The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began

In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.

Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).

When Tiberius’ “fifteenth year” began, it might have begun as early as August 19, AD 28, and it may have finished as late as December 31, AD 29, depending on the date of his death. So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.

The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began

Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.

The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30.

The Length of Jesus’s Ministry

To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:

  • In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
  • In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
  • And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
  • 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)

This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.

If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.

The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:

Nisan 15 AD 30 John 2:13
Nisan 15 AD 31 Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)
Nisan 15 AD 32 John 6:4
Nisan 15 AD 33 John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified

Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover

It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.

33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.

33, also known as the year of Jesus’ crucifixion. Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d. 33, which is shown below:

April 2 Nissan 14 Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall) Day of Passover preparation Last Supper
April 3 Nissan 15 Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall) Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins Crucifixion
April 4 Nissan 16 Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall) Sabbath
April 5 Nissan 17 Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall) First day of the week Resurrection

Conclusion

The computations in the preceding section may look difficult, but in a nutshell, the reasoning goes as follows:

HISTORICAL INFORMATION YEAR
Beginning of Tiberius’s reign AD 14
Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry AD 28
A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry AD 29
Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion AD 33 (April 3)

While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.

As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.

Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.

Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position.

Categories:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.