What Happened To Peter After Jesus Died

Restoration of Peter – Wikipedia

Christ’s Charge to Peter, painted by Raphael around 1515. When Jesus came to his followers after his resurrection and talked to Peter in particular, it was known as the Restoration of Peter (also known as the Re-commissioning of Peter). This episode is related in John 21 of the New Testament. Jesus restored Peter to fellowship after Peter had earlier refused him, and instructed Peter to tend to Jesus’ flocks of sheep.


According to the New Testament, Jesus arose from the dead and appeared to his disciples after his resurrection. A number of similar appearances are recorded in the Gospel of John. As a result, this story is included in John’s gospel’s fourth appearance of the resurrection. One interpretation of 1 Corinthians 15:5 is that Jesus had already appeared individually to Peter; A. B. Bruce argues that the account in John 21 is not really a “restoration” because Peter would have already been restored: “Who can doubt that after that meeting the disciple’s mind was at ease, and that thereafter he was at peace with himself as well as with his Master?” Peter is not being restored to his former status, according to Bruce, but rather is being called back to a more somber awareness of his noble purpose.

Peter’s denial

Peter’s denial of Jesus is recorded in all four gospels, and all of the synoptic gospels describe Peter’s “bitter weeping” after the rooster crows following his denial. This incident is omitted by John, but he is the only one who describes the restoration scene between Jesus and Peter in detail. The words of Jesus in Mark 16:7, on the other hand, are sometimes interpreted as conveying the message of Peter’s restoration: “But go, tell his followers and Peter, ‘He is going ahead of you into Galilee.'” (NIV).

Meeting by the sea

In the book of John 21, Peter goes fishing with six of his fellow disciples. All night, they don’t catch a single fish, but when they wake up the next morning, Jesus appears and tells them to cast their net on the opposite side of the boat. When they do, they are rewarded with an incredible catch of 153 fish. On the coast, Jesus and his followers have a leisurely breakfast. Jesus gets everything ready for breakfast, including a charcoal fire. Peter also stood near a charcoal fire when he refused to acknowledge Jesus’ divinity.

Jesus’ three-fold charge to Peter

The previous day, Peter had refused Jesus three times. Now, in answer to Jesus’ interrogation, Peter declares his love for Jesus three times in three different ways. William Hendriksen points out several other parallels between this experience and Peter’s denial, which he believes are significant. Consider the fact that Peter originally refused Jesus (John 18:18), and that he is now being asked to declare his devotion for his teacher before a charcoal (v) fire (John 21:9).

Ben Witherington III makes the suggestion that “John arranges for the triple restoration to take place at a location that is comparable to the location of the threefold denial. It’s similar to going back to the site of the crime and getting it right this time around.”

“Do you love me more than these?”

“Do you love me more than these things?” Jesus inquires of Peter. Several alternatives are suggested by D. A. Carson when it comes to interpreting the Greek text’s use of the word “these,” including the following:

  1. Do you care about me more than you care about these disciples? How much more do you adore me than you like this fishing gear
  2. How much more do you adore me than these other disciples?

Carson himself opts for the third option on the list. Adrienne von Speyr argues in favor of “The Lord anticipates that Peter will love him more than the others do, even more than John, who is, after all, the embodiment of love himself. In addition, he should have firsthand understanding of the situation. This anticipation places an immediate burden on Peter’s shoulders, a burden that begins right now and will continue indefinitely until the end of time. Those who have previously known solely personal love are referred to as those who have known more than they have previously.”

Two words used for “love”

The discussion between Jesus and Peter contains two distinct terms for “love,” which some interpreters, but not all, believe to be of exegetical significance in the context of the discourse. The terms areagapaô (which is the verb form of the nounagape) andphileô are two examples of adverbs (the verb form of the nounphilia). The following is the flow of the conversation:

  • “Do youagapâisme?” Jesus inquired, to which Peter responded, “Iphileôyou.” Jesus inquired, “do youagapâisme?” to which Peter responded, “Iphileôyou.” “Do you practice phileisme?” Jesus inquired
  • Peter said, “Iphileôyou.”

This is made clear in the 1984 (but not the 2011) version of the New International Version, which translates agapaoas as “really love” and phileoas as “love.” According to Ben Witherington III, this demonstrates “Jesus’ gracious condescension to the level at which Peter was prepared to reply at this moment.” “Peter was upset because he said to him this third time,” writes William Hendriksen, arguing that Jesus’ third inquiry calls into doubt even Peter’s “subjective attachment” and fondness, which is why it states, “Peter was grieved because he said to him this third time.” (See also John 21:17.) Other writers, such as Carson, are skeptical of the notion of a differentiation between the meanings of the two terms in this context.

The author, Thomas J.

While the overwhelming opinion has shifted back and forth throughout the years, the current consensus is that, because these two love verbs are employed interchangeably throughout the Gospel, there is no unique significance to their use in 21:15-17 in this particular passage.

Peter appointed as shepherd

The following directions are given to Peter in response to his three declarations of love for him: “Feed my lambs” / “Take care of my sheep” / “Feed my sheep.” Peter has been re-commissioned as an apostle and a leader in the church by Jesus Christ. The metaphor of “sheep” is used frequently throughout the New Testament to allude to the people of God. This is the source of the term “pastor,” which literally translates as “shepherd.” This statement by Jesus, according to theCatholic Encyclopedia published in 1913, serves as the foundation for the title ” Vicar of Christ “, which is given to the Pope.

In this text, Protestant theologians such as D.

Carson contend that “not foundational preeminence nor comparative authority are taken into consideration.” Victor Potapov, writing from an Orthodox point of view, believes that the term “feed” does not refer to “the highest authority of pastorship,” but rather to “the authority and responsibility of pastorship proper to all the apostles and their successors.”

Jesus’ prediction of Peter’s death

Jesus then goes on to predict Peter’s destiny to him, telling him that “someone else will clothing you and bring you to a place where you do not want to go” (John 21:18,NIV). This is seen by the narrator as a reference to Peter’s sacrifice (John 21:19). Tradition holds that Peter was crucified upside-down, as recorded in the apocryphal Acts of Peter.

“Follow me”

“Follow me,” Jesus said to Peter after he had finished saying everything else (John 21:19). In the words of Romano Guardini, “here too, an event from the past is remembered, transfigured, and carried on.” Peter regained his happiness at this point, having recognized that he had been forgiven, and then he returned to “something of his former garrulousness.”


  1. Paul Barnett, John: The Shepherd King (Sydney South: Aquila Press, 2005), p. 314
  2. Bruce, A. B., The Shepherd King (Sydney South: Aquila Press, 2005), p. 314
  3. (1883). Bruce, The Training of the Twelve, p. 504
  4. William L. Lane, The Gospel According to Mark(NICNT
  5. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971), p. 589
  6. Paul Barnett,John, p. 321
  7. William Hendriksen(London:Banner of Truth, 1961), The Gospel of John, p. 486
  8. Ben Witherington III, What Have They Done with Jesus?, p. 321
  9. William L. Lane, The The Bible is trustworthy despite strange theories and bad history, according to D. A. Carson (New York: HarperOne, 2006), page 73
  10. Adrienne von Speyr (Leicester:Apollos, 1991), page 675–676
  11. D. A. Carson (New York: HarperOne, 2006), page 73
  12. D. A. Carson (Leicester:Apollos, 1991), page 675–676
  13. (1991). “The Preeminence.” Meditations on John 18-21, titled “The Birth of the Church.” Acts 17:11 Bible Studies, translated by David Kipp and published by Ignatius Press under the ISBN 9780898703689
  14. “AgapaoPhileo in Peter’s Restoration.” Retrieved on November 26, 2013
  15. Ben Witherington III, What Have They Done with Jesus?, p. 74
  16. William Hendriksen, John, p. 488
  17. D. A. Carson, John, p. 676-677
  18. Thomas J. Lane, What Have They Done with Jesus?, p. 74
  19. (2016). “The Primacy of Saint Peter” is a phrase that means “the authority of Saint Peter.” The Foundations of the Catholic Priesthood in the Bible. Romano Guardini is published by Emmaus Road Publishing with the ISBN 9781945125096. (1954). The Lord is in charge (Gateway ed.). Page numbers 489–490 from Regnery Publishing, Inc. ISBN0895267144
  20. s^ Charles Herbermann is the editor of this book (1913). “Vicar of Christ,” as in “Vicar of Christ.” The Catholic Encyclopedia is a resource for learning about the Catholic faith. D. A. Carson, John, 678
  21. Potapov, Victor. New York: Robert Appleton Company. D. A. Carson, John, 678
  22. Potapov, Victor. “The Roman Pope’s “Infallibility” and his “Primacy” are discussed. The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is a church dedicated to St. John the Baptist. The original version of this article was published on December 2, 2013. Retrieved on November 26th, 2013

Whatever Happened to the Twelve Apostles?

The apostles were not the type of people you would have anticipated Jesus to choose to accompany him on his journey to spread the gospel throughout the world. There was nothing particularly noteworthy or noteworthy about them. The twelve apostles were basically regular guys who went to work every day. However, Jesus transformed them into the foundation of the church and entrusted them with the most amazing mission imaginable: summoning the whole world, including the mightiest empire the world had ever known, to repentance and faith in the resurrected Christ.

Despite popular belief, only two apostles are mentioned in the New Testament: Judas, who betrayed Jesus before going outside and hanging himself, and James the son of Zebedee, who was murdered by Herod in 44 AD.

Take a look at how each of the apostles went out into the world to service and evangelize, and how many of them died as a result of their beliefs.

How Did the Apostles Die?

Even though there are numerous reports and tales, and even though they are not always credible, it is reasonable to conclude that the apostles traveled far and wide as messengers of the gospel of the resurrected Christ. According to an early version, they cast lots and divided the world in order to choose who would travel where so that everyone might learn of Jesus’s birth. They suffered immensely as a result of their religion, and in the majority of cases, they died violent deaths as a result of their courageous witness.

Peter and Paul

Both were martyred in Rome in the year 66 AD, during Emperor Nero’s persecution of Christians. Paul was executed by beheading. Peter requested that he be crucified upside down because he did not believe he was worthy of dying in the same manner as his Lord.


Went to the “country of the man-eaters,” which is now in the Soviet Union, to collect information.

Christians in that country believe he was the first to introduce the gospel to their country. As well as Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey, and Greece, where he is claimed to have been crucified, he preached across the world.


Most of his activity was most likely concentrated in the region east of Syria. His preaching is said to have taken him as far east as India, where the ancient Marthoma Christians venerate him as their founder, according to tradition. They report that he died after being cut through by the spears of four warriors while on the battlefield.

See also:  Why Did The Romans Kill Jesus


He may have had a great ministry in Carthage, North Africa, before moving on to Asia Minor, where he converted the widow of a Roman proconsul, according to some accounts. Philip was arrested and ruthlessly executed as a result of the proconsul’s actions against him.


The tax collector and author of a Gospel traveled to Persia and Ethiopia to minister to the people. Some of the earliest records claim that he was not martyred, while others claim that he was stabbed to death in Ethiopia, according to the sources.


He is credited with extensive missionary journeys, including trips to India with Thomas, back to Armenia, as well as Ethiopia and Southern Arabia, according to legend. As a martyr for the gospel, he met his end in a variety of ways, according to different versions.


The son of Alpheus is one of at least three Jameses who are mentioned in the New Testament, according to scholars. There is considerable disagreement as to which James is which, but this James is thought to have served as a pastor in Syria, according to tradition. According to the Jewish historian Josephus, he was stoned to death before being clubbed to death.

Simon the Zealot

According to legend, he served as a minister in Persia and was assassinated after refusing to offer sacrifice to the sun god.


The apostle who was picked to take Judas’ place. Tradition has it that he will accompany Andrew to Syria and be burned to death.


Generally considered to be the sole apostle to have died a natural death due to old age, Paul was the only one to do so. He was the spiritual head of the church in the Ephesus area, and it is stated that he took care of Mary, the mother of Jesus, in his own house when she was there. During Domitian’s persecution, which began in the middle of the twentieth century, he was exiled to the island of Patmos. He is attributed for authoring the last book of the New Testament, the Book of Revelation, in that location.

Influence of the Apostles Today

The names of Jesus’ apostles have risen to the top of the list of the most popular male given names in the Western world. I’m curious how many people you know who have names such as John or Pete or Tom or Andy or Jim, or Bart or Phil. At least four of the apostles were fishermen, according to tradition. Is it possible that this was one of the reasons why the fish was one of the oldest and most renowned Christian symbols? The Greek word for fish, ichthus, was used to create an acrostic, which is Iesous Christos Theou Uios Soter, which literally translates as “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior” in English.

Despite this, the faith grew like wildfire, despite the fact that Christianity had been branded an illegal religion by the government. Obtain some inspiration by reading 15 Bible Verses Every Christian Should Know By Heart, which you may download and share with friends and family.

What Happened To The 12 Disciples? — Faith on Hill Church

Our church heard about Jesus selecting 12 young men from among his disciples to preach about the arrival of the Kingdom of God on a recent Sunday morning. They were Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter), James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to whom he gave the name Boanerges, which means “sons of thunder” in Greek), Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him. (Mark 3:16-19, New International Version) Following Jesus’ ascension into paradise (Acts 1).

This is a contentious issue because the Scriptures provide no clue as to whether or not God desired them to do so, and many believe that the apostle Paul is God’s evident substitute for Judas, which is a subject of contention.

God has called each and every one of us to the task he has for us, and there is no one more important, more holy, or more loved in God’s kingdom than anyone else in God’s kingdom.

All of them suffered severely as a result of their proclamation of Jesus as Lord, and their story continues to have a significant impact on our faith today.

Due to the intrusion of politics into men’s traditions, we have traditions that James, the brother of John, went to Spain, when the Bible clearly states that he was the first of the 12 apostles to be martyred (killed) for his faith in Jesus, when he was put to the sword in the early days of the church in Jerusalem, as the Bible clearly states.

  1. There are a variety of unsubstantiated stories surrounding his death, the most notable of which being that he was crucified upside down because he did not feel himself worthy of dying in the same manner as Jesus.
  2. In Jerusalem, King Herod ordered him to be assassinated by the sword (Acts 12).
  3. JOHN John is the author of the Gospel of John, the book of Revelation, and three epistles that bear his name.
  4. Tradition has it that he spent the latter years of his life ministering in the area around Ephesus in modern-day Turkey, and that he is buried there.
  5. Later, he journeyed to modern-day Turkey and Greece, where he was killed for his beliefs.
  6. In accordance with tradition, a Roman Proconsul was so angry by the fact that his wife had converted to Christianity as a result of Philip’s preaching that he ordered Philip’s violent execution.
  7. If this is the case, it is likely that Philip’s tomb has lately been located (read aboutHERE).

According to other tales, he traveled to India with Thomas, then to Armenia before making his way via the trade routes that connect Ethiopia with the southern Arabian states.

His given name is “Nathaniel” in some records, which might have been a family name or a nickname that he was known by in the congregation.

While some accounts do not mention how he died, others claim that he was stabbed to death in Africa, according to certain sources.

This other name is less difficult to identify and is most likely a family or tribe identity name.

While Thomas first questioned the resurrection, his confidence in the risen Jesus was powerful enough to propel him eastward through Syria and Iraq, where he finally ended himself in India, where the Marthoma Christian tradition believes him to be the founder of their religion.

JAMES THE SON OF ALPHAUESThought to be the brother of Matthew/Levi, James is thought to have preached in the northern parts of Israel.

He is also referred to as James the Younger (younger brother of Levi?) or James the Lesser (younger brother of Levi?) (which would have had different connotations then it does for us today).

I already stated that politics is intertwined with the traditions surrounding the apostles.

As a result, churches in locations like Turkey, Greece, Rome, and Jerusalem naturally possessed greater authority and influence than churches in places like Britain, France, Africa, and Spain, among other things.

Despite the fact that James was martyred in Acts 12, a Spanish bishop began to propagate the concept that James had traveled to Spain in the 12th century.

It appears that Simon was sawn in half in Persia, according to the prevailing opinion.

Some have attempted to link him to the Philip who appears later in the book of Acts, but the circumstantial evidence does not appear to support this other than the fact that they have the same name.

JUDAS THADEUS is a fictional character created by author Judas Thideus.

His gospel message is said to have been spread over the region now known as Northern Syria, Iraq, and Turkey according to tradition.

MATHISTRAdition holds that Matthias journeyed north, maybe all the way to and including the Caspian Sea.

PAUL Paul endured much hardship for the sake of the Lord throughout his life.

Once upon a time, I was stoned.

“Once I was stranded at sea for an entire night and a whole day.” Paul was killed at Rome in 66 AD, presumably at the same time as Peter, according to historical records.

This is significant since every single one of Jesus’ disciples died.

John passed away due to old age.

He was not the only one who betrayed Jesus; all of the other disciples deserted him, and Peter even went so far as to claim he had never heard of him.

But they all accepted God’s mercy and forgiveness, which was also extended to Judas.

If you’ve read this and have ever felt like Judas, believing that there is no hope, you should know that each and every apostle felt the same way at one time in their lives, but unlike Judas, they turned their gaze to Jesus and accepted his gracious offer of salvation.

You can take advantage of the same opportunity. Please keep in mind that this post has been changed from an earlier version to contain current information.

Where was Peter at Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection?

The crucifixion of Jesus No direct evidence has been found to indicate that Peter was there during the crucifixion. “However, when all the people who had arrived to witness these sightsaw what had taken place heard what had happened, they beat their breasts and fled.” But all of his friends and acquaintances remained on the sidelines and observed the proceedings” (23:48-49). “When Jesus looked up and saw his mother there, as well as the disciple whom he adored standing nearby.”, John says. (19:26).

  1. Following this, Peter addressed a large assembly of observers in the temple, saying, “You murdered the author of life, but God resurrected him from the grave.” “We have been eyewitnesses to this” (3:15).
  2. Following the Resurrection Surprisingly, none of the eleven men Jesus chose to be His closest disciples were among the first to discover that Jesus had been raised from the dead.
  3. She was present when Joseph of Arimathea laid His body to rest (Mark 15:47).
  4. They discovered that the stone that had sealed the tomb had been moved aside, and that an angel had taken up residence within (Mark 16:4-5).
  5. And tell his followers and Peter, ‘He is going ahead of you into Galilee,'” he instructed them (vs.
  6. Mary made a beeline for the eleven disciples to inform them of her discovery (Luke 24:9).
  7. (24:11).
  8. Both disciples were sprinting, but the other disciple outran Peter and made it to the tomb before him.
  9. After that, Simon Peter, who had been following him, came and entered the tomb.
  10. ‘The cloth was folded up separately from the linen,’ says the author (20:3-7).
  11. Considering all that had transpired from Wednesday through Sunday that week, what do you believe was going through Peter’s thoughts at this point?

Paul H. Virts was in charge of the photography. Excerpts from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION® The International Bible Society (IBS) has owned the copyright since 1973, 1978, and 1984. Zondervan has granted permission for this use. All intellectual property rights are retained.

Fisherman turned shepherd

This is the ninth installment in a series of posts about St. Peter’s experiences at the very first Easter. Located near the Sea of Galilee, the location is lovely. When Jesus told Peter three times, “Feed/tend my sheep/lambs,” something extremely significant happened in his life. A fundamental shift in not only what Peter was expected to accomplish for Him, but also a seismic shift in Peter himself was signified by Jesus.

See also:  Who Did Jesus First Appear To

Peter’s final exam

St. Peter’s experiences during the very first Easter are chronicled in this, the eighth installment of a series of blogs. After Jesus’ resurrection, the action takes place alongside the Sea of Galilee. They returned to Galilee, where Peter resumed his previous career of fishing with the help of six other disciples (John 21:2-3). Jesus arrived on the sand and instructed the sailors.

A close look at Peter’s denials

This is the sixth in a series of postings about St. Peter’s experiences at the very first Easter. The first five parts may be found here. It takes place in the courtyard of the High Priest’s home. While Jesus was being tried upstairs (Matthew 26:69-75; Mark 14:66-72; Luke 22:54-62), Peter was with John and others (perhaps the temple police and soldiers) in the courtyard of Caiaphas’ house.

Apostle Peter Biography: Timeline, Life, and Death

The life of the Apostle Peter is one of the most inspiring examples of a transformed life in the Bible. Consider looking over this chronology and biography of Peter’s life.

Peter’s Life Before Christ

During Jesus’ earthly mission, the Apostle Peter is often considered to have been the most vocal of the twelve apostles. He surely established himself as one of the most outspoken defenders of the faith. His beginnings were, without a doubt, humble in nature. He was born around the year 1 B.C. and died sometime around the year 67 A.D. Simon was the name given to Peter at the time of his birth. Peter’s name was altered by Jesus, who was the one who did it. Peter is derived from the Greek word for “rock,” which is Petra.

  1. The brothers had traveled from the village of Bethsaida to join us (John 1:43, 12:21).
  2. He was also a follower of John the Baptist, according to tradition.
  3. In fact, he felt embarrassed by his depravity while he stood in the presence of Christ (Luke 5:6-8).
  4. Peter renounced his fishing livelihood in order to follow Jesus.
  5. The fisherman of the first century were guys who knew their own minds.
  6. Possibly as a result of this, James and his brother John were dubbed “the Sons of Thunder” (Mark 3:17).
  7. They must have been somewhat courageous as well, for some of the storms that pounded the Sea of Galilee in a short period of time were violent and terrible.
  8. Despite the fact that Peter had a habit of sticking his foot in his mouth, one thing you could say about him was that when Jesus instructed them (Peter and Andrew) to “follow me,” they just went away and abandoned all they owned without a second thought (Luke 5:9-1).

In today’s world, how many people would be prepared to abandon their own businesses in order to follow Someone who had just requested them to do so?

Peter’s Life with Christ

As previously stated, Peter was one of the first disciples to be summoned by Jesus, and he was typically their spokesperson — whether for good or for ill. One of the things that he is credited with is the unique insight that he had on the identity of the Messiah, Jesus. Peter was the first to refer to Jesus as the Son of the Living God – the Messiah – in the New Testament (Mark 8:29, Luke 9:20, Matt. 16:16-17). When Jesus summoned him, Peter recognized that He was a representative of God, yet he felt unworthy to be in Jesus’ company (Luke 5:6-8).

  1. Peter was fearless, yet he was frequently in the wrong.
  2. 16:21-22).
  3. As a result of his presence at the many miracles performed by Jesus, Peter was also there when the Shekhinah Glory was shown, together with John and James, during the Transfiguration.
  4. 17:1-9).

Peter the Disciple to the Apostle Peter

A disciple is defined as a “follower of,” and that is exactly what the majority of Christians are today. An apostle is defined as “one who has been sent forth” in the sense of having been sent forth by God to proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ. The scriptural definition of an apostle, as well as the only ones who are referred to as apostles in the New Testament, required them to have either been with Jesus throughout His earthly ministry (as the disciples) or to have witnessed the resurrected Christ (as the apostles) (as did Paul who was taught three years in the desert by Jesus Christ Himself).

24), he issues the Great Commission, which is a commission or charge to them (Matt.

According to Acts 1:8, this is the very last thing that Jesus tells them, and it is at this time that the disciples (followers of Christ) are elevated to the position of apostles (those sent forth).

In the aftermath of Christ’s ascension to His right hand of the Father and taking up His seat there (signifying that His earthly mission was completed – save for via the apostles), He dispatched them to preach the message of the Kingdom of God to all peoples on the face of the planet.

He was considered to be one of the most fearless apostles of all time. He cheerfully endured persecution, incarceration, and beatings, and he even took pleasure in the fact that he had earned the right to incur humiliation for the cause of the Lord (Acts 5:41).

The Gospel of Mark or of Peter?

According to church tradition and early church historians, the Gospel of Mark is in fact the Gospel of Peter. This is incredibly trustworthy evidence. For most of his latter life, Peter is claimed to have dictated his discipleship with Jesus to John Mark, who was a close friend and companion to him throughout his life. The details of what appears to be an eyewitness account from Peter’s point of view may be seen in great detail if you read the Gospel of Mark. John Mark was never a follower of Jesus, and he was certainly never an apostle of Jesus.

The fact that Mark was not there during Jesus’ ministry, as well as the exceedingly personal details that are detailed in Mark, provide as evidence for this claim.

When you read the Gospel of Mark, think about Peter and see if you can’t see more clearly the awareness that this had to be Peter’s eyewitness account — an account that only Peter could relate – when you consider the context of the story.

Peter’s Glorious Ending

Almost all of the apostles had been killed in the days preceding up to Peter’s execution, and this was the final straw. Peter’s crucifixion was predicted by Jesus when He stated, “When you are old and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled” (John 21:18-19), but did Jesus genuinely prophesy Peter’s death by crucifixion? According to the church historians Tertullian, Origen, and Eusebius, Peter’s wrists were spread out in front of him, he was dressed in prison attire, he was carried to a place where no one desired to go (a crucifixion), and he was nailed to a cross.

From being an arrogant, confident, thunderous guy, he transformed into a humble, willing, and obedient servant of the Lord, even to the point of death.

After 65 years on this planet, his final three decades were devoted to sharing the gospel of Jesus Christ to all who would hear him preach.

David became king at the age of thirty, which is considered to be the zenith of one’s mental and physical capabilities.

In the process, the poor fisherman transformed into a tremendous fisher of men – and one who altered and moulded the world forever, and who is still proclaiming the Gospel of Jesus Christ today via his gospel (written by Mark), the book of Acts, and the epistles of 1 and 2 Peter.

Who is your favorite Bible character? Let us know in the comments!

– Britt Nicole’s song “Walk on Water” is available as a resource. Photograph courtesy of V. Gilbert and Arlisle F. Beers Tagged as:Apostle Peter, Apostle Peter Death, Apostle Peter Life, Peter Biography, Peter Timeline, Apostle Peter

How did the apostle Peter die?

QuestionAnswer The Bible does not tell us what happened to the apostle Peter after he died. The most widely recognized church narrative is that Peter was crucified upside-down in Rome, which is supported by historical evidence. During his trial and execution, it is said that Peter asked to be crucified on an inverted cross, according to tradition. It was because he had betrayed his Lord that he felt he was unworthy to die in the same manner as Jesus (see Matthew 26:33–35, 69–75), which was the rationale for his plea to be granted.

  1. The only thing we know for certain concerning Peter’s death is the prophesy of Jesus in John 21:18–19.
  2. When Jesus foresaw the method of Peter’s death, it was probably to prepare him for the conditions he would encounter now that his Lord had been resurrected and would thus no longer be physically present with him.
  3. There was a day approaching when this would no longer be the situation.
  4. In reality, ancient writers claim that Peter was executed around thirty-four years after Jesus’ prophesy was fulfilled.
  5. The Lord also foretold Peter’s death via crucifixion, which was also foreseen by him.
  6. Some historians note out that the Romans used employed stocks as a form of torture, with the prisoner’s hands being stretched over the crosspiece while in the stocks.
  7. It is likely that Peter took consolation and satisfaction in the knowledge that his death would bring glory to God despite the horrible facts he had learned about his own death.
  8. It takes strength, faith, patience, and endurance on the part of Peter, who died a martyr’s death while holding on to the hope of heaven, to do so.

Peter was a magnificent man of God who was overjoyed to be deemed worthy to die for the name of Jesus. Questions regarding the Church’s History can be found here. What caused the apostle Peter’s death?

St. Peter

St. Peter (who died in the year 65 A.D.) is widely regarded as the leader of Jesus’ 12 Apostles and the first bishop of Rome, according to legend. During a preaching by St. John the Baptist, the two came together and became fast friends. Peter recognized Jesus as the Messiah from the minute he first met him. In the same way, from the time Jesus saw Peter, he knew he would be the rock on which the Church would be built. After the Resurrection, Jesus paid his first visit to St. Peter in the city of Rome.

Thus, Peter became the first in an uninterrupted lineage of leaders in the Catholic Church, known today as popes, who have presided over the church ever since.

Much may be learnt about St.

Early Life

Peter’s given name was Simon, and he was given the name Peter by Jesus when he was born. Peter had reached the age of majority at the time of Jesus’ public ministry. This would place his birth towards the end of the first century B.C., according to the evidence. We know little little about his early life, other than the fact that he was born in the hamlet of Bethsaida in Galilee and that his father was a fisherman. Upon meeting and joining Jesus, he was already married (Mark 1:30), had no formal education (Acts 4:13), and worked the fishing nets with his father and brother Andrew at the lakeside town of Capernaum, where he lived with his father and brother Andrew.

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His Times

As far as can be determined, Peter was a member of the Palestinian common people, who were generally considered by the educated Jewish classes to be members of Am harez, the people of the land, rather than of the elite. When applied to persons who were unaware of the nuances and deeper ideals of Judaism as well as the Jewish way of life, this word was used in a pejorative manner. Furthermore, Peter was a Galilean, and as such, he shared the attitude of independence and resistance to Jerusalem that had long been associated with that northern region.

More importantly, in the northern portions of Palestine, which were farther away from the immediate influence of Jerusalem, more revolutionary views were more easily accepted.

It was a time of tension and foreboding in Palestine when Peter reached adulthood in his early twenties in the first century A.D., as a result of the Roman conqueror’s widespread presence and a religious conviction that Israel’s problems would be solved by the arrival of the Jewish Messiah in the near future.

Even after Jesus’ resurrection, Peter and the other disciples continued to question him about when and how he would restore the kingdom of Israel.

Certainly, at least in the beginning, Peter’s connection to Jesus was founded in part on his conviction that Jesus would truly restore the kingdom of Israel and that Peter and the other Apostles would be leaders in the new age.

Association with Jesus

Peter and Andrew were among the first disciples to be picked by Jesus to be among his closest associates and disciples. After that, Peter accompanied Jesus everywhere he went. Peter was given the additional name of Cephas by Jesus, which is an Aramaic appellation that means “rock.” As a result, it was translated into Greek asPetros (from the Greek petra “rock”), which was then translated into Latin Petrus and English Peter. The accounts in the Gospels disagree as to when Jesus bestowed this title on him.

  • He is the first named in all of the lists of these followers that have been provided, and he was present with a select group of people on special occasions, such as when Jesus raised the daughter of Jairus from the dead, when Jesus had a special communication with Moses and Elias on Mt.
  • He is also the first named in all of the lists of these followers that have been provided, and he was present with In the aftermath of Jesus’ resurrection from the grave, Peter was the first of his fellow Apostles to see him.
  • Furthermore, Jesus stated in Matthew 16:17-19 that he would construct his new organization under Peter’s leadership, and committed his followers and believers into his care and protection (John 21:15-19).
  • Throughout the Acts of the Apostles and in the few allusions to Peter that we can discover in Paul’s letters, Peter is accorded the same personality as the rest of the apostles.
  • Approximately 14 years later, it appears that Peter was in charge of the Christian evangelism of the Jews, as opposed to Paul, who was in charge of the evangelizing of the Gentiles, and James, who was the bishop of Jerusalem.
  • He was considered as a leader by the Jewish Sanhedrin, and he was responsible for making the first public plea to the people of Jerusalem concerning Jesus.
  • The apostle Peter got instruction from God and made a favorable choice that was approved by all of the other disciples of Jesus who were there when the Christians faced their first big decision—whether or not to admit non-Jews to their group—around the age of 49.
  • Paul, on the other hand, rebuked Peter for a certain lack of sincerity and even demonstrated his independence from Peter.

In the end, he was captured by Herod and miraculously liberated by an angel of the Lord. He then “abschieded himself and proceeded to another location” (Acts 12:17). After chapter 49, we don’t have any direct evidence in the Bible regarding Peter, thus we have to rely on extrabiblical sources.

Roman Sojourn

According to what we can gather and infer, Peter held a prominent position in Rome at the time of Nero’s reign, and he was martyred there during that time (37-68). The first piece of evidence comes in the form of a letter sent by Clement in Rome about the year 96. A letter written by Ignatius of Antioch (who died in 110) and a statement made by Gaius, a Roman clergyman, both imply Peter’s presence and power in the city of Rome (ca. 200). Gaius refers of the Vatican Shrine and the “founding fathers” of this church in his writings.

  • There has been no convincing and clear proof of Peter’s presence in Rome, or of his burial under the Vatican, as a result of the Vatican’s archaeological investigations.
  • Corresponding evidence shows that the location served as the last resting place of a venerated individual, and Roman Catholic tradition names that figure as Saint Peter the Apostle.
  • This is a different topic that is dependent on the following growth of the Church and the evolution of its teachings.
  • Peter is credited with writing a number of apocryphal writings that are almost likely from the second century.
  • Apparently, based on Peter’s first of two letters attributed to him, his viewpoint as a Jew and Semite was never impacted by Greek or other non-Jewish ideas.
  • Some of Peter’s views are no longer acceptable in the context of mainstream Christian belief today.

Peter’s Death

In the Gospel of John, we discover that Jesus made a passing reference to the death of St. Peter. As he said, “As you get older, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will outfit you and transport you to places you do not want to go” (John 21:18). Unfortunately, there is no mention of Peter’s death anywhere in the Bible, which is unfortunate. His death via crucifixion, according to historians of the period, occurred during the reign of Emperor Nero in 64 A.D. When confronted with his predicament, Peter requested that he be crucified upside down.

Following the death of St.

Linus rose to the position of the first Roman Pope of the Catholic Church.

Linus has been uninterrupted since 64 A.D., when the saint was canonized.

For the final of them, it is said that St. Peter accompanied Jesus on a boat that walked on water. Besides meeting all of these requirements, St. Peter is also the patron saint of popes, the city of Rome, fisherman, and lock pickers, among many other professions.

Further Reading on St. Peter

In addition to William T. Walsh’s St. Peter, the Apostle (1948), and Oscar Cullmann’s Peter: Disciple, Apostle, Martyr: A Historical and Theological Study (1993), there are several more biographies of Peter available (trans. 1953). As well as these books, see Jocelyn Toynbee and John Ward-Perkins, The Shrine of St. Peter and the Vatican Excavations(1956), and Engelbert Kirschbaum, The Tombs of Saints Peter and Paul(1956) (trans. 1959).

Additional Biography Sources

Barrett, Ethel, Peter: the narrative of a deserter who rose to become a powerful leader, published by Regal Books in Ventura, California, in 1982. Peter, apostle of opposites, by James T. Dyet, published by Accent Books in Denver, Colorado, in 1982. Saint Peter: a biography, New York: Scribner’s, 1995. Grant, Michael. Saint Peter: a biography. Kit Kittelstad’s latest updates

Simon Peter Timeline – An Apostle of Jesus in Biblical History

1 BC Approximate time of the birth of Simon, son of Jonah, in the Galilean town of Bethsaida. 25-27 AD Simon marries and has children. His family, along with his mother in-law, settles in Capernaum. 30 AD Simon meets Jesus through the help of his brother Andrew who was a follower of John the Baptist. –John 1:40-41 While Peter and Andrew are fishing at the Sea of Galilee, Jesus sees them and asks them to follow Him.

–Matthew 8:14-15,Mark 1:29-31, Luke 4:38-39Peter casts his net in the deep ocean after being told by Jesus to do so.

When he did as he was told, they caught a great number of fish.

–Mark 3:16,Luke 6:14,John 1:42 31-32 AD Peter becomes one of the witnesses to a miracle Jesus performed, raising a little girl back from the dead.

Peter tries to walk on water, but he failed.

–Matthew 16:16,John 6:68-69 Jesus tell Peter that he will build his church on him.

–Matthew 16:21-23,Mark 8:31-33 Peter, along with James and John, witness the transfiguration of Jesus and the appearance of Moses and Elijah on a mountain.

–Matthew 26:34,Mark 14:30,Luke 22:34,John 13:38 Peter tells Jesus that he will never deny Him.

–Matthew 26:40-46,Mark 14:37-42,Luke 22:45-46 When Jesus is arrested by the betrayal of Judas Iscariot, Peter takes his sword out and cuts off the ear of a servant.

–Matthew 26:69-75,Mark 14:66-72,Luke 22:55-60,John 18:16-27 Peter and the other apostles receive word from Mary Magdalene that the body of Jesus is no longer there in the tomb.

–Luke 24:12,John 20:3 Jesus appears to Peter before appearing to the other apostles.

–Mark 16:14,Luke 24:36,John 20:19 Jesus gives Peter and the other apostles the gift of the Holy Spirit.

–John 21:4 Peter makes a confession of love towards the risen Jesus three times after meeting him on the shores of Galilee.

–Matthew 28:16, 1 Corinthians 15:6 33-48 AD By default, Peter becomes the leader of the remaining disciples who had been with Jesus and tells them they should choose someone to replace Judas Iscariot, who had committed suicide.

–Acts 2:14-36 John, along with Peter, encounter a man who had never walked since birth, and Peter heals him and the man is able to walk.

–Acts 4:3 Peter, John with him, are told by the Sadducees to stop telling people about Jesus.

Both end up dead.

–Acts 8:14 Peter travels to different places to teach and to encourage other believers in Jesus Christ.He also visited Lydda.

–Acts 9:40 Cornelius, a Roman centurion, summons Peter to his house in Caesarea.

–Acts 10:1-6 For the first time, Peter realizes that God shows no partiality when it comes to those receiving His word.

–Acts 10:37-48 Jewish believers in Jerusalem argue with Peter for being in the company of non-Jews.

–Acts 12:1-2 When Herod realized that what he had done had made him popular with the Jews, he had Peter arrested and put in prison.

–Acts 12:7-8 Paul confronts Peter’s behavior when he is in the presence of non-Jewish believers and Jewish believers.

Some scholars base what they know on writings of early historians that include Tertullan, Origen, and even Flavius Josephus.Little is written about his arrival in Rome.

According to those accounts, he did not consider himself worthy to die in the same manner as Jesus did.Please remember, Peter was a Jew, not a Roman.

Paul was a Roman by birth, a Jew by lineage.The one thing both men had in common was their passion and commitment to their calling to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ.They both believed that their death brought them in the presence of God, immediately.

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