What Did Jesus and the Apostles Eat at the Last Supper?
A variety of indications are provided by Scripture and art. Many legendary dinners have been represented in art and movies throughout the years, but Leonardo Da Vinci’s The Last Suppermay well be the most well-known. The theological meaning and artistic worth of the picture are still being investigated, but some people believe the image contains hints to something else: what Jesus and his apostles were eating when they painted the renowned mural. The Last Supper (also known as the Last Supper of Jesus Christ) Image courtesy of Getty Images/DeAgostini However, there are several aspects that we can all agree on when it comes to the events surrounding the Last Supper, which Christians today commemorate on Maundy Thursday: But the Last Supper was not a regular Passover Seder, with attendees drinking wine and eating unleavened bread instead.
Wine and bread, of course
According to Christian tradition, the practice of receiving Communion dates back to the Last Supper of Jesus Christ. The unleavened bread and wine are claimed to have been passed around the table by Jesus, who then explained to his Apostles that the bread represented his body and the wine represented his blood.
Locally sourced produce, maybe
In the book of Deuteronomy, Jesus’s country is described as “a land of olive oil and honey; a land in which you will eat food without fear of running out.” Grapes, figs, and pomegranates were among the most widely grown crops. These items, on the other hand, would not have been readily available in fresh form in the early spring. Dried figs, as well as other basics like as olive oil and honey, may have easily been incorporated in the feast.
It was stated in 2007 that there would have been no lamb served at the Last Supper because of religious reasons. Pope John Paul II proposed that the Last Supper took place prior to the formal slaughter of the lambs, which was a typical Passover rite in Jesus’ day, and that as a result, Jesus himself served as a substitute for the lambs.
It was claimed in 2007 that there would have been no lamb served at the Last Supper because of a papal directive. Pope John Paul II proposed that the Last Supper took place prior to the formal slaughter of the lambs, which was a typical Passover rite in Jesus’ day, and that as a result, Jesus himself served as the lambs’ substitute.
Not eels and orange slices, although they appear in the painting
It was announced in 2007 that there would have been no lamb served during the Last Supper. Pope John Paul II proposed that the Last Supper took place prior to the ritual slaughter of the lambs, which was a regular Passover practice in Jesus’ day, and that Jesus himself served in the role of the lambs.
What Was on the Menu at the Last Supper?
Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Joan de Joanes While many people look forward to Easter Sunday and Good Friday, Holy Thursday (also known as Maundy Thursday) is an equally important occasion in the Christian calendar. It recalls the day on which Jesus and his Apostles are thought to have sat down to the Last Supper with their respective families. Despite the fact that the Bible goes into great detail about what transpired during this supper, one issue remains unanswered: what precisely did Jesus and his twelve dining partners consume on this momentous occasion?
- However, historical and even creative records can be used to predict anticipated menu items in the future.
- Both the bread and the wine are claimed to have been passed around the table by Jesus, who informed his Apostles that the bread represented his body and the wine represented his blood.
- Also at this time, Jesus gives the Apostles instructions on how to prepare for the Passover, which includes sacrificing and preparing the Passover Lamb.
- It’s up for dispute at this point.
- Pope Benedict XV concurs with this assessment.
- He hypothesized that the Last Supper took place prior to the traditional slaughter of the lambs, and that as a result, Jesus himself was made into the lamb to be sacrificed by the Jewish people.
- As a result, assuming this is the case, what foods may have been on the menu?
It’s time to return to the Bible!
What may have been on the table if all of these goods – all of which were indigenous to the region in which Jesus would have been living – had been present?
Although grapes were not in season at the time, wine was available.
Pomegranates, on the other hand, are an autumn fruit and would not have been present in this situation.
Delish has more to say: Prepare for the upcoming Easter holiday.
Art may also be a component of a theory that guides it.
Consequently, it is not unusual to find guinea pig, orcuy, represented as the centerpiece roast in representations of the Last Supper painted in Peruvian churches, as well as in other cultures.
According to The Food Section, a 2008 article authored by John Varriano and published in Gastronomica indicated that after the 1997 restoration of the painting showed pictures of platters of grilled eel with orange slices, the artwork was rediscovered.
There are a plethora of theories, but no one can be positive.
This material was generated and maintained by a third party and imported onto this website in order to assist users in providing their email addresses for further consideration. You may be able to discover further information on this and other related items at the website piano.io.
What Did Jesus Eat?
The Last Supper, according to the gospel narratives, was a meal in which Jesus and his followers shared bread and wine. Bread and wine, on the other hand, were most likely not the only items on the table. It’s possible that the Last Supper was a Passover supper. Passover is the time of year when Jews commemorate their exodus from Egypt. The dinner was served on the day of Unleavened Bread, according to the gospels of Mark, Luke, and Matthew, during the Jewish Passover. This is the first day of the seven-day Passover holiday, which begins on this day.
- In Judaism, this day of Passover is commemorated with the Seder feast, which is held today.
- In addition to the fact that it would not have looked like a modern Seder, there is little historical documentation of the Passover dinner before the Seder custom was established.
- We may probably set those two things on the table, assuming that the Last Supper was a Passover meal, if it occurred.
- However, in 2016, two Italian archaeologists produced a study on what was eaten during the Last Supper, which included a recreated menu that was published in 2016.
- On the basis of their study, they believed that the menu for the Last Supper would have included bean stew with lamb, bitter herbs, fish sauce, unleavened bread and dates, as well as aromatic wine.
What Jesus Really Ate At The Last Supper
Even if you aren’t well-versed in biblical history, you are almost certainly aware of the Last Supper and its significance. That would be the final dinner that Jesus and his followers would enjoy together before he was crucified. It is the same dinner at which Jesus washed the feet of his disciples and shared bread and wine with them as a symbol of his own flesh and blood (Matthew 26:26). As an added bonus, if you were unaware of the Last Supper because of religious reasons, your college art history class most certainly introduced you to Leonardo da Vinci’s iconic fresco representation of the event, which is, not coincidentally, also known as “The Last Supper.” The problem is that, based on history and art, it’s not fully obvious what, exactly, was included in the dinner.
Modern historians, however, can make reasonable estimates about what was served during the dinner based on contextual clues, historical facts about customary Jewish meals of the period, and what the group was known to consume during past meals together.
For those who want to recreate the event as part of their Easter festivities or who are simply interested about what Jesus actually ate at the Last Supper, here’s what he ate at the dinner in question.
The Last Supper was a communal meal
Photograph by Renata Sedmakova/Shutterstock One thing to keep in mind regarding shared meals throughout Biblical times is that they were frequently communal affairs, and this was clearly represented as so in the Bible (via theUniversity of Notre Dame). But this isn’t merely true in the sense that several individuals gathered around a table to eat their meals in harmony. Additionally, they would be observed often sharing from the same plates and generally without utensils, according to Owlcation.
According to the Bible, this is significant because, in Matthew 26:23, Jesus clearly states, “The one who has dipped his hand into the bowl with me will betray me,” to make it obvious that Judas was going to betray him to the authorities, who would then crucify him.
And, to truly establish the mood, try foregoing your standard table and chairs in favor of a low table with cushions instead.
But you should be cautious about who you let to share your food with you; it’s better to avoid “friends” like Judas.
Dishes were made out of stone to avoid impurities
Photo courtesy of Ph stock/Shutterstock When it comes to maintaining an authentic look, you may also want to bring out your stoneware or terra cotta plates. After all, plastic or contemporary porcelain plates, forks, and cups weren’t exactly commonplace more than 2,000 years ago, according to historical records. And when you consider that Jewish dietary regulations were centered on avoiding different unclean and impure ingredients, as well as the fact that no one was blessed with contemporary dishwashers and hot running water, things grow much more complex.
Jews who followed the norms of cleanliness used stone jars, according to the scholar, since they were not vulnerable to spreading pollution.
According to Urcluoli, another feasible choice would have been “beautiful red terra sigillata pottery,” on the off chance that they weren’t being as careful with their tableware as they should have been.
The bread was probably unleavened
Shutterstock / Ph stock When it comes to keeping things real, you might also want to get out your stoneware or terra cotta plates. After all, plastic or contemporary porcelain plates, forks, and cups weren’t exactly commonplace more than 2,000 years ago, according to historical accounts. And when you consider that Jewish dietary regulations were centered on avoiding different unclean and impure foods, as well as the fact that no one was blessed with contemporary dishwashers and hot running water, things got much more problematic!
Jews who followed the norms of cleanliness used stone jars, according to the scholar, since they were less vulnerable to spreading pollution.
According to Urcluoli, another feasible choice would have been “beautiful red terra sigillata pottery,” on the off chance that they weren’t being as cautious with their tableware as they should have been.
The reason for this is not because it is less prone to spread impurities, but rather because it was, according to some, just “in style.”
Wine was almost certainly on the Last Supper table
Gerain0812/Shutterstock The Gospels make it quite clear that wine was served at the Last Supper, and this is not the first time. You need to go no farther than Matthew 26:27-29, which states that Jesus is the Son of God “They all drank from the cup after he had given thanks and presented it to them, saying “Drink from it, everyone.” This is my blood of the covenant, which is shed for the forgiveness of sins on behalf of countless people across the world. I swear to you that from this day forward, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine until that day when I shall drink it afresh with you in my Father’s kingdom.” It’s true that the verse doesn’t expressly mention “wine,” but instead refers to “fruit of the vine.” However, given the fact that grape juice was not traditionally served at feast events during the time period in question, and the fact that Jesus and his disciples had no qualms about imbibing in a little vino, according to Christianity.com, it’s a pretty safe bet that the contents of the cup in question was indeed wine.
No one knows for certain if it was a red, white, or any other more particular kind of wine that was consumed.
Lamb may have been on the menu
Photograph by Vladimir Mironov/Shutterstock Just as there is considerable disagreement over whether the bread Jesus broke with his disciples was leavened or unleavened, there is also some disagreement about whether lamb would have been served at the Last Supper. Although the Gospel of Luke does not explicitly state it, it appears that the men did congregate and eat lamb. After that, according to Luke 22:7, “came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Passover lamb was to be slain.” It appears to be self-evident, especially given the fact that people didn’t go around slaughtering animals without putting the flesh to good use when they did.
Jesus was crucified on the day of preparation for the Passover, according to the Gospel of John, which indicates in John 19:14 that he was crucified on “the day of the Preparation for the Passover.” With this in mind, it is reasonable to assume that the supper the disciples enjoyed with Jesus occurred before the Passover feast and sacrifice of a lamb.
Lamb is, in the end, a contentious issue here.
If you like lamb, go ahead and savor every bite of it.
Bitter herbs with nuts was a classic table staple
Photograph by Marys Poly/Shutterstock Consider the date and location of the Last Supper, which would have taken place more than 2,000 years ago in Jerusalem, as an example. People preferred to consume what was readily available and simple to buy and prepare in the first place. Remember, there were no large box supermarkets or drive-through restaurants back then, was there, anyway? Herbs and nuts both fit under the category of “affordable and easily procurable” foods, and according to Live Science, they were prevalent foods throughout the historical period in question.
Despite the fact that the archaeologists did not attempt to define which sorts of plants may have been used, we may make some educated assumptions.
According to Exodus 12:8, these bitter herbs were included in the first Passover feast, during which the Jewish people were instructed “to eat the meat cooked over an open fire with bitter herbs and bread that had not been fermented with yeast.” Given that the dinner shared by Jesus and his followers was, of course, a Passover supper, it may be inferred that bitter herbs were used in the preparation.
Fish sauce was probably served at the Last Supper
Photograph courtesy of Artem Kontratiev/Shutterstock According to archaeologists Generoso Urciuoli and Marta Berogno in an interview with Live Science, tzir, a type of fish sauce that was a spin on the old Roman favorite known as garum, was also most likely present at the Last Supper. A fish sauce being added to your food may not seem very appealing, especially if you aren’t a big fan of fish. Tzir, on the other hand, appears to have been frequently used as a condiment, similar to fishy ketchup.
Sometimes the individuals who made garum didn’t bother to utilize complete fish at all, instead opting to use simply the guts from the fish.
Because of this, it may be presumed that on feast days, some type of tzir or garum would be provided as a condiment to accompany the meal.
Hopefully, whatever type of tzir was shared by Jesus and his followers had a more pleasant flavor than the fermented fish guts that many modern ears associate with the term “tzir.”
Cholent, a dish of stewed beans, was popular
Shutterstock photo by Artem Kontratiev Tzir, a type of fish sauce that was based on the ancient Roman favorite known as garum, according to archaeologists Generoso Urciuoli and Marta Berogno, was also likely present at the Last Supper, according to an interview with Live Science. A fish sauce being added to your food may not seem very appealing, especially if you aren’t a major fan of fish. Tzir, on the other hand, was supposedly frequently used as a condiment, similar to fishy ketchup, in ancient times.
When preparing garum, the folks who made it often didn’t even bother to utilize the full fish, but instead only the guts.
This implies that on feast days, some type of tzir or garum would be accessible as a condiment, which might be presumed to be the case.
We can only hope that whatever type of tzir was shared by Jesus and his followers had a more pleasant flavor than the fermented fish guts that many modern ears associate with the term tzir.
Olives and olive oil were plentiful
Fascinadora/Shutterstock As Faithward points out, it’s likely that on any given day, Jesus consumed olives and olive oil as part of his daily diet. The likelihood that one or both of these things were on the Last Supper table is plausible to assume as well. Olive trees are abundant in Israel, which means that the easily accessible fruits make for a delicious accompaniment to any meal when prepared properly. Olive oil was frequently used to flavor leavened bread or as a dip, among other things.
Masterclass claims that the ancient Romans ingested hyssop to help shield themselves from disease and negativity.
The fact that the Passover meal included the ritual slaughter of a lamb and was almost probably centered around sanitation leads one to believe that hyssop would have been included in the meal eaten by Jesus and his followers during the Last Supper is an obvious conclusion.
Diners may have had dried dates or fig charoset
Photograph courtesy of Viktor Kochetkov/Shutterstock Because there were so many salty dishes served at the Last Supper, it makes reasonable that there would be something sweet on the table to help bring the palette back into balance. While it’s unlikely that desserts would have been offered in the manner that Americans are accustomed to during large gatherings (sorry, no pies, cookies, or cakes), fresh fruits from the region would almost surely have been supplied as a treat. FoodWine reports that grapes, figs, and pomegranates were among the crops grown in the area during the time.
The dried figs or dates would have been the most probable candidates to be placed on the table as a result.
This side dish is often made up of dried dates or figs, which may be supplemented with apples, almonds, spices, and the juices of citrus fruits if available.
There was no eel at the Last Supper
Gowithstock/Shutterstock The entire range of meals that were served at the Last Supper may come as a surprise if you’ve always imagined that Jesus and his followers just shared bread and wine at the table during the Last Supper. For those of you who have been basing your Last Supper menu decisions on Leonardo da Vinci’s iconic artwork, you may have concluded that the meal was a bit more lavish in comparison. Although eel is depicted in the artwork, you may be dismayed to find that it was not served as part of this renowned supper, as reported by Gastronomica magazine.
- Eel is not considered kosher in any way.
- This may come as a surprise knowing that eels have both fins and scales, both of which are required for a species to be classified a kosher fish under Jewish dietary laws.
- Davidson on Chabad.org, the scales that eels possess do not fulfill the exact description set down by Jewish law.
- Scales from an eel do not meet this requirement.
- Cooking eel is not necessary if you want to recreate the Last Supper in its true form.
What did Jesus and the disciples eat at the Last Supper?
“The Last Supper,” a painting by Leonardo Da Vinci depicting Jesus Christ surrounded by his followers just before his crucifixion, is one of the most famous works of art in the world. Reuters What additional foods were provided at Christ’s Last Supper, other from the unleavened bread and wine that Christians have long assumed were given based on the Scriptures? According to a recent inquiry into Palestinian cuisine during the time of Jesus, we may now speculate on what might have been on the menu during one of the most momentous dinners in human history.
For example, “during that period,” Urciuoli explains, “meal was served on low tables, and guests ate while sitting in a reclining position on floor cushions and rugs.” The diners also ringed the table and were arranged in such a way that the most important visitor was sat near the main guest, which was an elegant touch.
As a matter of fact, we are told that Judas dipped bread into Jesus’ dish, in accordance with the custom of sharing food from a communal bowl “Urciuoli expressed himself.
For their conclusions, Urciuoli and Berogno drew on biblical texts such as those related to the Feast of Tabernacles, the wedding of Cana, and Herod’s feast, among others.
They came to the conclusion that the Last Supper’s menu also contained beans stew, olives, bitter herbs, and fish sauce based on the facts they had gathered.
According to the Gospel of Mark, the Last Supper took place on the “first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb,” which is the first day of the Jewish New Year. This indicates that lamb meat was most likely on the menu.
Did Jesus Eat the Passover Supper?
“Did Jesus have the Passover feast the night before he was crucified?” the questioner inquires. If so, did he consume it at the appropriate time? Assuming that he was, how do you explain why, on the next day, the Jewish leaders were afraid of defiling themselves, a concern that would have resulted in the loss of their right “to eat the Passover” (John 18:28)? As a result, it appears that the Passover took place the day after Jesus had a meal with his followers. ” According to the evidence, Jesus and his disciples did indeed participate in the Passover feast.
- At one point in Matthew 26:18, Jesus told his disciples that he would “keep the passover,” which is the equivalent of “eat the passover” (Mk.
- He designated the location for the event and provided directions on how to prepare for it (Mk.
- Later in the day, the Synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) flow in a logical progression into that evening, depicting Jesus as “dining” with his disciples (Mt.
- 5:17-18; Jn.
- Because the Passover was a mandate under the law, it is safe to assume that the Lord participated in the feast.
While John 18:28 appears to be an issue, there are alternative fixes that might alleviate the story of its conflicting elements. “Then they took Jesus away from the home of Caiaphas and into the praetorium,” the Bible says. It was still early in the morning. They did not go inside the praetorium themselves in order to avoid being contaminated, but rather to be able to partake of the Passover meal.” According to the surface of things, this appears to indicate that the Passover had not yet been observed.
Several solutions to this problem have been presented by reputable academics in recent years. For starters, some have argued that the meal Jesus had with his followers, which is generally referred to as the “last supper,” was a different kind of meal from the Passover dinner. According to Burton Coffman’s interpretation of John 18:28, there is “no way” that this could have been the Passover1. The testimony of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, however, is in direct contrast with this viewpoint (see above).
For the second time, some have contended that Jesus observed the Passover dinner a day earlier than the Jews would have done.
There was also biblical authorization for modifying the Passover schedule in proper situations, according to the Old Testament Those who had been gone on a trip or those who had been ceremonially unclean might observe the feast on the 14th day of the second month (instead of the first) at the customary hour if they had been away on a trip or if they had been ceremonially unclean (cf.
- 26:17; Mk.
- 18:12) had postponed eating the supper because of their frenetic activity in seeking to deal with Jesus.
- Mulder has presented a compelling argument for his position.
- The fourth point is that some academics believe that John’s account, as opposed to the Synoptics, demonstrates the usage of two somewhat different calendars than the Synoptics.
- He expresses himself like follows: According to the Synoptists’ most obvious interpretation, the supper served there was the Passover.
While it is absolutely feasible to interpret the facts in such a way that they both tell the same tale, it is better to consider them to be following separate calendars in this case.
However, the temple officials adopted a different approach, according to which the sacrificial victims were slaughtered the next day5.
The word is sometimes used to refer to the Passover sacrifice, specifically the lamb (Mk.
22:7; 1 Cor.
On other instances, the meal that was eaten on the 14th of Nisan, the first month of the Hebrew calendar, is referred to as a pascha supper (Mt.
22:8, 13; Heb.
In addition, the termpaschacan can refer to the whole eight-day period that encompassed the feast of unleavened bread — that is, from the 14th of Nisan to the 21st of Nisan — and not only the feast of unleavened bread.
According to F.W.
30:22, there were a number of “feasts” held during this time period; the one referenced in John 18:28 may have taken place on a day after the major Passover meal.
This point of view is supported by a large number of reputable experts, including Lenski and Edersheim.
Finally, we must acknowledge that it is possible that we will not be able to establish the particular circumstance related to in John 18:28. Nonetheless, there are adequate opportunities to demonstrate that there is no insurmountable issue that would call into question our faith in the sacred book.
When Did Jesus Eat the “Last Supper”?
Many solutions to this challenge have been presented by well-known researchers in the field. Some have argued that the meal that Jesus had with his followers, known as the “final supper,” was not the Passover meal, but rather another type of meal. In light of his interpretation of John 18:28, Burton Coffman claims that this could not have been the Passover1. The testimony of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, however, is in contrast with this viewpoint (see above). In the words of one well-known academic, “there isn’t a single notable Bible expositor today who agrees with this viewpoint”2.
- To provide only a few examples, Sadler asserts that Christ had the right to accomplish this because he was “greater than” the Law of Moses, Sabbath, and Temple3.
- Those who had been gone on a journey or those who had been ceremonially unclean might observe the feast on the 14th day of the second month (instead of the first) at the customary hour if they had missed the first (cf.
- 26:17; Mk.
- Another possibility is that the Jews at large had already eaten their Passover meal (that is, on the designated day), but that these Hebrew leaders (Jn.
- Hendriksen appears to be inclined in this direction and feels that H.
As far as Leon Morris can tell, this is the most possible explanation to the mystery of the disappearing enigmatic figure.
John’s gospel, according to the most reasonable interpretation, portrays Jesus being crucified at the same time that the Passover sacrifices were being performed in the temple.
Following the dinner, Jesus was observing the Passover, which according to the calendar was happening at the time of his death.
Apparently, there aren’t many people who believe this hypothesis.
Pascha is the Greek term for Passover, which is the fifth point to mention.
The word can also refer to the Passover sacrifice, namely the lamb (Mk.
22:7; 1 Cor.
The meal that was eaten on the 14th of Nisan (the first month of the Hebrew calendar) on other occasions is referred to as a pascha (meal) (Mt.
22:8, 13; Heb.
On the other hand, it is also possible that the termpaschacan refers to the whole eight-day period that encompassed the feast of unleavened bread — i.e., between the 14th and the 21st of Nisan.
According to F.W.
This time was marked by a number of “feasts” (see 2 Chron.
‘The Chagigah’ was how they referred to it (sacrificial meal).
Edward Robinson has provided a comprehensive and extensive explanation of this position that is deserving of serious study, and in the opinion of this writer, this argument bears the highest amount of evidence8.
At this point, we must acknowledge that it is possible that we will be unable to discern the particular circumstance referenced to in John 18:28. Nonetheless, there are adequate alternatives to demonstrate that there is no insurmountable issue that may undermine our faith in the sacred book.
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As the Easter holidays draw near, many Christians are reflecting on their own religion and religious views more deeply. These reflections are not just on the passion of Christ, but also on more commonplace events that are taking place three days before Easter Sunday. For example, one such thought is focused on the Last Supper itself, namely on what Christ and his apostles had and drank on the final night before the Crucifixion, as recorded in the Bible. The Holy Bible is deafeningly silent on the subject.
However, there were a number of other meals on the menu as well.
Stone vessels and aromatised wine
In order to reconstruct the typical meals consumed in Palestine during the lifetime of Jesus Christ, recent study into ancient gastronomy was required. He and his apostles were, of course, Jews, and they were devoted to the Jewish customs of Passover, which they observed to the letter (although the scholars do argue over the question if the Last Supper was indeed a Jewish Seder). According to the Biblical Archaeology org website, it is quite likely that Jesus and the apostles dined on a bean stew, lamb, olives, bitter herbs, a fish sauce, unleavened bread, dates, and aromatised wine, among other things, during their time in ancient Jewish cuisine.
- These discoveries are still available today because to data and evidence gleaned from the early Christian catacombs and ruins in Palestine.
- Wine is one of the topics that has piqued my curiosity.
- Wine is mentioned multiple times in the Old Testament, while the Gospels refer to the Wedding at Cana, where Jesus performed a miracle by miraculously transforming water into wine.
- This wine is most likely made from the Dabouki grape, which is native to Armenia and is one of the oldest grape varieties in the country.
As in the case of the legendary Greek retsina, tree resins such as myrrh or frankincense were sometimes added to the mixture. Ancient wines were frequently blended with herbs such as mint, cedar, cinnamon, and honey.
Remnants in the traditional Arab cuisine
According to the Gospel of Mark, the Last Supper took place on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they slaughtered the Passover Lamb” (Mark, 14:12). As a result, it is clear that the lamb was present at the meal. Unleavened bread could be found everywhere, as a commemoration of the Jewish escape from Egypt. Beans, olives, and almonds were served as a side dish, and these ingredients are still used in Middle Eastern cuisine today. The flavor, on the other hand, was rather different. Just like today’s Arabs do, the beans were cooked gently over a low fire to produce a delectable stew.
In addition, bitter homegrown herbs, which are now popular throughout the Mediterranean, have been combined with dates and nuts.
This makes it a fascinating gastronomic narrative for both believers and nonbelievers, however Christians should concentrate on the Last Supper as the event that heralded the institution of both the Holy Eucharist and the Priesthood.
How To Have Your Own Last Supper During Easter Week
In order to put Christ at the center of Easter, hosting a Last Supper family supper on the Thursday of Holy Week is a fantastic idea! I wanted to include more spiritual events in our Easter Season a few years ago, so I started looking for ideas. Despite the fact that we had already had the Easter bunny visit on Saturday, I knew we would be able to put in much more effort over Easter Week. (See this page for more information about Holy Week.) You may frequently find Passover feasts to attend throughout the Easter season, but they are typically lengthy, in-depth, and not particularly family-friendly.
Even if you are unable to participate in this Easter ritual on Thursday, schedule a time for your family to participate in this activity throughout the week of Easter.
What did Jesus eat at the Last Supper?
The Bible does not specify what Jesus and His followers ate at the Last Supper; nevertheless, according to this intriguing essay, they most likely ate bean stew with unleavened bread, lamb with olives, fish sauce, dates, bitter herbs, and aromotized wine, among other things. Also noteworthy is that, in contrast to many famous paintings of the Last Supper that you have probably seen, in which they are sitting around a formal rectangular table, Jesus and His apostles sat on floor cushions, precisely as they would have done if they were living in Roman times.
Simply change the menu to reflect your personal preferences and taste preferences.
Last Supper Menu
Here is a list of some of our favorite things from the Last Supper menu.
Select the meals that are most beneficial to you. After all, you want this to be a great experience for you and your family.
- Soup with beans (or Slow Cooker Lentil Soup with Beans)
- Unleavened flatbread (pita bread, pita chips)
- Lamb or chicken kabobs (hummus)
- Wine (Sparkling Cider (Martinelli’s)
- Grapes, oranges, nuts, dried fruit, pomegranates
Lay a blanket on the floor in the kitchen or living room to serve as a last supper setting. Cushions are optional; however, I would recommend avoiding them if you are dining with little children in tow. All of the Last Supper food options listed above should be placed in the center of the blanket. Enjoy!
What happened at the Last Supper?
It is time to start talking about what Jesus said at the Last Supper once everyone has been seated comfortably and their food has been distributed. There are several Passover meals that are common to perform throughout the Easter season, but I believe they are too lengthy for children. In order to guide you through the events of that night, I prepared our own Last Supper program complete with discussion cards. In addition to 12 downloadable Last Supper discussion cards containing what Jesus said and texts from the Bible, there is a program for the host to use to guide you through what happened.
Get all 12 discussion cards, menu, and Last Supper recipes here.
In addition, we’ve included a copy of the lentil soup recipe we used. It’s excellent for the slow cooker—just mix everything in in the morning and the lentil soup will be done by supper time! Print
- I used one cup of red lentils, three and a half cups of water, three teaspoons of chicken bouillon, one can of diced Italian tomatoes (or use plain and season with spices), sautéed onions, chopped carrots, and minced garlic.
- For a few minutes, saute the onions, carrots, and garlic together. Place everything in a slow cooker and cook on low for 8-10 hours. A simple Passover supper may be made by serving it with pita bread, olives, grapes, and sparkling cider.
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Images courtesy of Illustration Works/Corbis Maundy Thursday is observed by Christians on the Thursday before Easter to commemorate the Last Supper of Jesus and his apostles, which took place before Jesus’ crucifixion and execution. But, more importantly, what was for dinner that fateful evening? A group of Italian archaeologists may have the key to the solution. According to Rossella Lorenzi of Discover News, archaeologists and food specialists have put together a notion of what would have been on the table during the Last Supper based on historical data and other indications.
- They searched into existing material, such as first-century stone utensils, scriptural allusions, and indications from historical art, in order to replicate the historic lunch they had witnessed firsthand.
- Archaeological evidence, on the other hand, did.
- Furthermore, rigid seating arrangements at the time would have resulted in Jesus’ most important visitors being positioned to his right and left of the cross, respectively.
- In the Gospel of Mark, it is said that the Last Supper took place during the “feast.of unleavened bread.” This is supported by other sources.
According to Urciuoli, “bitter herbs and charoset are traditional during Passover, cholent is drank during celebrations, and hyssop was also taken on a regular basis throughout the ancient world.” However, Italian archaeologists are not the only ones who are attempting to recreate past meals—or who are looking for culinary inspiration in well-known literature.
Is there a favorite concept? In Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, there is an edible recreation of the various chambers. Civilizations of Antiquity Interesting DiscoveriesFoodFood History Videos That Should Be Watched
Home PhilosophyReligion Beliefs in a Higher Power The Last Supper, also known as the Lord’s Supper, is the final supper eaten by Jesus and his followers in an upper room in Jerusalem, which served as the occasion for the institution of theEucharist in the New Testament. Several books of the New Testament contain accounts of the Last Supper, which took place the night before Christ’s crucifixion (Matthew26:17–29; Mark14:12–25; Luke22:7–38; and I Corinthians11:23–25). Early Christians felt that this institution contained an amandate to continue the celebration as an anticipation in this life of the delights of the feast that was to come in the kingdom of God, as evidenced by the writings of St.
The Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke), as well as early Christian traditions, maintain that the Last Supper took place on Passover.
In his warning to them, he stated that one of them will betray him.
Despite the fact that the Gospels provide an account of the Crucifixion, Many interpretations believe the story presented in the Synoptic Gospels, despite the fact that John suggests that the Last Supper could not have been a Passover feast.
Early Christian art (c.2nd–c.6th centuries) did not emphasize either aspect of the Last Supper to the exclusion of the other, but later on, the East tended to favor compositions emphasizing the symbolic aspects of the event, while the West tended to favor compositions emphasizing the narrative aspects of the event, and vice versa.
After then, it was replaced by a chalice and a wafer in Western portrayals of the communion of the Apostles, which remained in use until the 15th century.
Adobe Stock Photo by Tony Baggett (stock.adobe.com) Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.
Was There a Passover Lamb at the Last Supper?
Catholics all across the world will gather for the Evening Mass of the Lord’s Supper today to commemorate the Feast of the Transfiguration. The readings for this Mass include the institution of the Passover (Exod 12, Old Testament reading), one of the most famous Hallel Psalms (Hallel 118, Responsorial Psalm), the institution of the Eucharist (1 Cor 11, Epistle), and Jesus’ act of washing the feet of the disciples at the Last Supper (Matt 26:26-28). (John 13, Gospel). In this specific Eucharist, we commemorate the establishment of the very first Eucharist as well as enter into the beginning of the calendrical Holy of Holies—the sacred Triduum, which culminates in the feast of Easter—which marks a watershed event in the history of the Church (in Latin, Pascha).
- The first Holy Thursday, on the other hand, was observed differently by Jesus and his disciples.
- The Pope spends a significant section of his chapter on the Last Supper to the subject of whether or not the meal corresponded with the traditional Jewish Passover supper, as anybody who has read Pope Benedict’s new book, Jesus of Nazareth: Holy Week, will know (see pp.
- There is just no way for me to effectively address this highly complicated and age-old subject in this space, as anyone who has spent any time thinking about it knows.
- In that study, I will draw on the huge amount of modern research that has been done in this area and supplement it with some crucial Jewish data that has been overlooked.
- Please allow me to elaborate.
- A common objection against the Last Supper being a Passover meal is that “there is not a word about the lamb” in the Gospel accounts of Jesus’ inauguration of the Eucharist, which is well-known to those who read academic publications on Jesus’ life and teachings.
- On deeper examination of the entirety of the Gospels in their original Greek, however, I realized that the notion of their being no lamb at the Last Supper is just not exegetically supported.
- “When they Sacrificed the Passover Lamb (Pascha),” it is quite clear in the Gospel accounts—not first and foremost in the words of institution, but also when Jesus sends the disciples (Peter and John) into Jerusalem to prepare for the Passover (Mark 14:12-16 parr.
In the Gospel of Mark, we find the following: “And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they offered the pascha, his disciples asked him, “Where would you have us go and prepare for you to eat the pascha?” And he dispatched two of his followers, instructing them to “go into the city, where you will be met by a man carrying a jug of water.
(See also Mark 14:12-13.) It is impossible for the first usage of pascha to refer to the Passover lamb that was sacrificed to be eaten, and for the second use of pascha to relate to the now-popular notion of a “lambless Passover dinner,” even if English Bibles interpret them with two distinct terms.
- “Get to work preparing the Pascha so that we may all eat it.” According to the Gospel of Luke, Jesus’ attendance at the Last Supper is considerably more apparent than in the other gospels.
- (7:7-8) (Luke 22:7-8) The same dilemma exists: there is no scenario that I can see in which the first use of pascha in v.
- 8 refers to a Passover feast that does not include a lamb (if such a thing were even possible in the 1st century A.D.).
- “I had longed to have this Pascha meal with you since I heard about it.” The cherry on top is that, according to Luke’s account, Jesus even uses the same term twice more while speaking in the context of the words of institution.
- And when the time arrived, he sat at the table with them and said, “I have fervently longed to share this pascha with you before I go to my suffering.
- Of course, you might always contend that all of this evidence is historically inauthentic, that it is the product of the Evangelists’ and the early church’s imaginative imagination.
- (You will have to read the longer Eerdmans book on the Last Supper in order to obtain my response to that difficult topic.) This is a very separate question than whether or not the canonical Gospels ever mention that there was a Passover lamb served at the Last Supper.
Continuing with my previous point, the only way to maintain that there is “no mention” of a lamb at the Last Supper is to (a) only read the Gospels in translation; (b) isolate the words of institution from their surrounding context; (c) completely ignore the accounts of the preparation on Thursday afternoon; and/or (d) reject these accounts as unhistorical.
To sum up, it is possible that the selection of texts that the Liturgy of the Church will provide to us tonight has been made with some thought and care.
P.S. Please keep in mind that the presence of the Passover lamb is depicted in the icon of the Last Supper created by the Master of Perea. One of the reasons I chose it for the cover of my book is because of its significance. It’s also a rock ‘n’ roll icon, to put it mildly.