When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.
In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.
Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).
As it happened, they placed Jesus there since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.
- Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
- Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
- Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.
I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
- In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
The Day Christ Died – Was it on a Thursday or Friday?
Following the teachings of Jesus, Christian tradition places his final lunch with his followers on Thursday evening and his crucifixion on Friday, which we name “Good Friday.” We now know that there is a one-day holiday. Wednesday night was Jesus’ final dinner, and he was crucified on Thursday, the 14th of the Hebrew month Nisan, the following day. The actual Passover dinner was served on Thursday night, at sundown, to mark the beginning of the 15th of Nisan. That Passover supper was never consumed by Jesus.
- on Thursday afternoon, according to his family.
- This alternative chronology allows all of our pieces from our various sources, including the Synoptic Gospels, the Gospel of John, and the Gospel of Peter, to fit together seamlessly and accurately.
- Everyone concluded that the allusion to “the Sabbath” had to be referring to Saturday, which meant that the crucifixion had to have taken place on a Friday.
- In the year 30 AD, Friday, the 15th of the Jewish month of Nisan, was also a Sabbath, resulting in two Sabbaths occurring back to back – Friday and Saturday – for the first time in recorded history.
- As is typically the case, the gospel of John retains a more exact chronology of what transpired during the time period under consideration.
- John is well aware that the Jews would be gathering for their customary Seder supper on Thursday night.
- Some have even suggested that Jesus may have eaten the Passover feast a day early, knowing full well that he would die the next day.
However, the truth remains that Jesus did not partake in the Passover supper in 30 CE.
He had been hurriedly interred in a tomb until after the celebration, when formal and complete Jewish funeral procedures could be carried out in accordance with tradition.
As an example, in Luke, Jesus tells his disciples at the final meal: “I sincerely want to share this Passover with you before I suffered, but I will not share it until the fulfillment of this Passover in the kingdom of God” (Luke 22:14).
Furthermore, all of our sources state that Jesus shared “a loaf of bread” with his followers, using the Greek term (artos) that refers to an ordinary loaf, not the unleavened flat bread or matzos that Jews eat during their Passover feasts.
If this meal had been the Passover supper, Paul would have wanted to say something like that, but he doesn’t want to.
Sanhedrin 67a and 43a)
On what day was Jesus crucified?
QuestionAnswer According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified on any given day of the week although it is not specified. Friday and Wednesday are the days on which the majority of people agree. Some, on the other hand, believe that Thursday should be the day, based on a synthesis of both the Friday and Wednesday reasons. Christ stated in Matthew 12:40, “For just as Jonah was swallowed up by a great fish and survived three days and three nights there, so will the Son of Man be swallowed up by a great fish and survive three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” It is still possible, according to those who argue for a Friday crucifixion, that He may have been considered in the grave for three days if He was executed on Friday.
- In the minds of the Jews of the first century, a portion of a day was regarded to be a complete day.
- Jesus was executed “the day before the Sabbath,” according to Mark 15:42, which is one of the most persuasive reasons in favor of Friday.
- An other argument for Friday is that texts like as Matthew 16:21 and Luke 9:22 teach that Jesus would rise on the third day, and as a result, He would not need to stay in the grave for a total of three days and nights as previously thought.
- Furthermore, according to Mark 8:31, Jesus will be risen “after” three days from the dead.
- The Thursday argument is an extension of the Friday argument.
- That difficulty can be solved by adding a day or two to your schedule.
- He walks into your office on a Thursday morning and you respond, “I haven’t seen you in three days,” despite though it had only been 60 hours since you last saw him (2.5 days).
According to the view written on Wednesday, there were two Sabbaths that week.
According to the Wednesday school of thought, this “Sabbath” was the Passover (see Leviticus 16:29-31, 23:24-32, 39, where high holy days that are not necessarily the seventh day of the week are referred to as the Sabbath).
Please keep in mind that in Luke 23:56, the ladies who had purchased spices after the first Sabbath returned and prepared the spices, after which they “rested on the Sabbath,” as the Bible says.
For those who believe in the two-Sabbath perspective, if Christ was crucified on Thursday, then the high holy Sabbath (the Passover) would have began at sundown on Thursday and finished at sundown on Friday, which corresponds to the beginning of the weekly Sabbath or Saturday.
Consequently, the only interpretation that does not violate the biblical narrative of the ladies and the spices while still adhering to a literal understanding of Matthew 12:40 is that Christ was crucified on Wednesday, according to the Wednesday perspective.
After that, on Friday, the women went out to buy spices and returned to prepare them that same day.
Jesus was laid to rest at sundown on Wednesday, which corresponded to the start of the Jewish calendar week on Thursday.
Thursday night (night one), Friday day (day two), Friday night (night two), Saturday day (day three), Saturday night (night three), Sunday morning (day four) (night three).
According to Jewish tradition, Jesus may have woken as early as right after sunset on Saturday evening, which marked the beginning of the first day of the week.
On the other hand, a possible flaw in the Wednesday viewpoint is that Jesus’ followers walked with Him along the road to Emmaus on the “same day” as His resurrection (Luke 24:13).
The period from Wednesday through Sunday is four days.
Is it really that vital to know what day of the week Christ was killed on?
If it were so significant, God’s Word would have made it abundantly plain what day and hour it will occur and for how long.
What is equally significant is the purpose for His death: He died in order to bear the penalty that all sinners are due.
This holds true regardless of whether He was crucified on a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) When was Jesus crucified, and what day was it?
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April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.
However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.
No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.
The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began
In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.
Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).
So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.
The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began
Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.
The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”
The Length of Jesus’s Ministry
To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:
- In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
- In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
- And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
- 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)
This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.
If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.
The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:
|Nisan 15||AD 30||John 2:13|
|Nisan 15||AD 31||Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)|
|Nisan 15||AD 32||John 6:4|
|Nisan 15||AD 33||John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified|
Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover
It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.
Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.
|April 2||Nissan 14||Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall)||Day of Passover preparation||Last Supper|
|April 3||Nissan 15||Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall)||Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins||Crucifixion|
|April 4||Nissan 16||Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall)||Sabbath|
|April 5||Nissan 17||Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall)||First day of the week||Resurrection|
The computations in the preceding section may look difficult, but in a nutshell, the reasoning goes as follows:
|Beginning of Tiberius’s reign||AD 14|
|Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry||AD 28|
|A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry||AD 29|
|Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion||AD 33 (April 3)|
While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.
As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.
Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.
Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position. Andreas Köstenberger and he have written a book together called The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week in the Life of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived (Crossway, 2014).
When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be? Is it possible to pinpoint the precise date? We are in the midst of our yearly commemoration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which began on Easter Sunday. All of us are aware that something like this occurred in Jerusalem during the first century. That distinguishes Jesus from mythological pagan deities, who were said to have lived in places and at times that no one could pinpoint precisely. When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be?
We have the ability to do so.
Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas
According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.
Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate
All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?
Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”
The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.
Clue4: Crucified on a Friday
There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), immediately before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they required for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.
According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).
In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.
The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer. Pesaim iv. 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation). There were still a significant number of Fridays between A.D. 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated. Is it possible to figure out which one it is?
Clue5: A Friday at Passover
It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.
- It was still early in the morning.
- As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
- There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
- Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
- In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
- No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
- The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D.
- Monday, April 18, the year 29
- Friday, April 7, the year 30
- Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
- Monday, April 14, the year 32
- Friday, April 3, the year 33
- Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
- Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
- And Saturday, March 31, the year 36
As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?
Clue6: John’s Three Passovers
So, as you can see, we’re down to only two remaining candidates: Either on April 7, A.D. 30, or on April 3, A.D. 33, Jesus was crucified, depending on which date you believe in.
So, which one did it happen to be. Traditionally, the year A.D. 33 is used as the date. People who believe that the year 30 A.D. should be observed are numerous today. What do the gospels say about our ability to choose between the two options?
- Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.
That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.
The numbers don’t add up in this case.
Is it possible to be any more specific?
Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”
Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.
This is the exact moment it occurred.
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The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.
Verse by Verse Ministry International
The traditional teaching within the church is that Jesus was crucified on a Friday, and churches commonly observe the Friday before Easter Sunday as the day of Jesus’ death. However, observing the Friday before Easter Sunday as the day of Jesus’ death is a matter of church tradition rather than biblical fact. In the Bible, it is stated unequivocally that Jesus spent three days and three nights in the grave:
Matt. 12:40 for just as JONAH WAS THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE BELLY OF THE SEA MONSTER, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
In Jewish counting, the terms “day” and “night” relate to periods of light and darkness inside a 24-hour day, respectively. As a result, any portion of the daylight hours counts as a “day,” and any portion of the nighttime hours counts as a “night.” As a result, to include “three days and three nights,” it is necessary to include at least a portion of three different daytime and overnight periods.
But, on what day of the week should we start counting down from? While the Bible does not specify the day of the week Jesus died on, it does specify the day on which Jesus resurrected from the grave. According to the Bible, Jesus was risen before the sun came up on the first day of the week:
Luke 24:1 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared.Luke 24:2 And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb,Luke 24:3 but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.
Sunday is the first day of the week according to the Jewish calendar, and according to the Bible, the tomb was discovered empty on a Sunday morning. In order to get to the day of Jesus’ death, we must count backward three days and three nights from Sunday to arrive at the day of his death. Sunday daylight, on the other hand, cannot be included since the Bible states that Jesus was out of the grave before the sun rose on Sunday. For this reason, beginning with the Saturday evening period, we count back three daylight periods and three overnight periods to arrive at the current time.
- On Saturday, one night will be spent and one day will be spent on Saturday, Friday nighttime will be spent and two days will be spent on Friday, and Thursday nighttime will be spent and three days will be spent on Thursday, and Friday daytime will be spent and three days will be spent on Thursday, and so on.
If Jesus remained in the tomb for three days and three nights and then rose from the dead before the break of dawn on Sunday, there is just not enough time for him to have died on a Friday and risen before the break of light on the following Sunday. It is required that Jesus be killed on a Thursday, according to Matthew 12:40. However, wasn’t the day after Jesus’ death a Sabbath? No doubt, but according to the Bible, the day after Jesus’ crucifixion was not a typical Saturday Sabbath, but rather a “high day” Sabbath.
John 19:31Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
In the context of feast observances, a special Sabbath day is defined as one that occurs on a certain day of the week, independent of the day of the week on which the feast is observed. Passover commemorates Jesus’ death, and the Jewish festival of Passover is usually followed the next day by another Jewish festival known as the Feast of Unleavened Bread. According to scripture (Lev 23:6-8), the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread is always a high day Sabbath, which corresponds to the Bible’s witness that the day after Jesus’ death was a Sabbath.
Following the keeping of the Sabbath on Friday, which was a high holy day, followed the observance of the regular weekly Sabbath on Saturday.
More importantly, according to the Gospel of John (12:12), Jesus paid visits to Martha, Mary, and Lazarus six days before Passover, and the next day (that is, five days before Passover), Jesus entered Jerusalem:
John 12:1Jesus, therefore, six days before the Passover, came to Bethany where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.John 12:12On the next day the large crowd who had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,John 12:13 took the branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him, and began to shout, “Hosanna! BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD, even the King of Israel.”
If a feast is being observed on a specific day of the week, the Sabbath day needed by the feast is referred to as a “high day Sabbath.” After Passover, which commemorates Christ’s death, another Jewish festival known as the Feast of Unleavened Bread is observed the next day, marking the beginning of the New Year. A high day Sabbath, according to scripture (Lev 23:6-8), is always observed on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which corresponds with the Bible’s witness that the day after Jesus’ death was a Sabbath.
As a result of the Sabbath observance on Friday, which was a high holy day, came the regular weekly Sabbath on Saturday.
Furthermore, according to John chapter 12, Jesus paid a visit to Martha, Mary, and Lazarus six days before Passover, and the next day (i.e., five days before Passover), he entered Jerusalem.
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According to what I heard Pastor Armstrong preach, Jesus gave up His life at 6 a.m. on Thursday, however the scriptures declare that He gave up His spirit at night time. But it also doesn’t make sense to be at 3 p.m. because it never becomes dark at that time of day, and the gospels claim that there was darkness over the region as Jesus cried out to his Father. So, what time was it in the actual world? Unfortunately, we do not teach that Jesus died at 6 a.m. on Thursday, and we are not sure whatever doctrine you are referring to.
Rather than referring to our modern-day clock hours, the time references given in the Gospels pertain to the Jewish and Roman systems of calculating time, respectively.
It’s critical to grasp this in order to correctly evaluate the time references that appear in the text.
|12 midnight||Roman start of day||Jewish 6th hour of night|
|3:00am||Roman 3rd hour||Jewish 9th hour of night|
|6:00am||Roman 6th hour||Jewish start of day (sunrise)|
|9:00am||Roman 9th hour||Jewish 3rd hour of day|
|12 noon||Roman 12th hour||Jewish 6th hour of day|
|3:00pm||Roman 3rd hour||Jewish 9th hour of day|
|6:00pm||Roman 6th hour||Jewish start of night (sunset)|
|9:00pm||Roman 9th hour||Jewish 3rd hour of night|
Three Gospel writers (Luke, John, and Matthew) utilized the Jewish technique of measuring time, whereas Mark used the Roman method of reckoning time. When we compare the four Gospels and perform the required conversions in the appropriate time frame, we find that they all agree: When Jesus died on the death at 3 PM, He was lifted from the cross and buried before the sun set at 9 AM. He was crucified at 9 AM, hung on the cross for 6 hours, and was removed from the cross again at 6 PM. In other words, Jesus died at 3 PM on Thursday and was buried the same day, prior to the start of the Sabbath at sunset (see Luke 23:53-54).
Please see the following article for a more in-depth discussion of the day of Jesus’ death: What day of the week did Jesus die?
What time of day did the crucifixion happen?
Earlier in the day, about 6 a.m. or shortly afterwards, the Jewish leaders arrived to Pilate’s office (see John 19:14). It was approximately seven o’clock in the morning on Friday when Herod was summoned to court. Jesus’ second trial before Pilate began about 8 a.m., and according to Mark 15:25, it concluded with the crucifixion taking place at “the third hour,” which corresponds to nine o’clock in the morning using the Jewish way of counting. It was approximately 3 p.m. when Jesus cried out, “It is done,” and died on the crucifixion, which occurred around noon when He was hanging on the cross (see Matthew 27:45).
The trials of Jesus
In the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus was apprehended by the Jewish religious authorities at roughly midnight, according to the majority of commentaries. In the home of Caiaphas, He was put on trial for the first time at roughly one o’clock in the morning, and the second effort to accuse Him happened an hour or so later, at approximately two or three o’clock in the afternoon. Then, somewhere between three and four o’clock in the morning, the trial before the Sanhedrin took place before the court.
- and the sun rises around 5:30 a.m.
- and the sun rises around 5:30 a.m.
- As a result, it was necessary to confirm it in broad daylight.
- In the year of the crucifixion, Nisan 14, the day scheduled for the killing of the paschal lambs, occurred on a Thursday; the preparation for (or eve of) the Passover coincided with the preparation for (or eve of) the weekly Sabbath, resulting in a conflict between the two.
(John 19:14; see also verses 31, 42, and chapter 20:1) The first ceremonial Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Nisan 15, fell on the same day as the weekly Sabbath of the Jewish calendar (Leviticus 23:6-8; cf. Mark 15:42 to 16:2; Luke 23:5 to 24:1).
Jesus Christ May Not Have Died on Cross
– – – – – – – – – – For more than 2,000 years, the crucifix has served as a powerful symbol of both Jesus Christ’s death and the Christian faith. According to a Swedish theologian, despite the crucifix’s widespread use in art and literature, there is no evidence in the Bible or other ancient texts to suggest that Christ was crucified on a cross. In order to investigate his newly finished 400-page PhD thesis, Gunnar Samuelsson, an evangelical preacher and theologian, claims he spent three years going through hundreds of historical manuscripts to do so “The Crucifixion was practiced in antiquity.
“While there were several allusions to “suspension devices,” none of them were specific “He was unable to locate any explicit references to the typical T-shaped cross, which was often employed for executions at the time of Christ’s death.
“There is no distinct punishment device called a ‘crucifix,’ anywhere mentioned in any of the ancient texts, including the Gospels.” The author, who is a devout believer in the story of Jesus’ death and resurrection, asserts that for generations, people have misinterpreted and mistranslated the Greek word “stauros,” which means “suspension device,” when in fact the term could have meant anything from a “pole or a tree trunk” to a “cross.” The Greek language was used to write the first versions of the New Testament.
” If you only read the text and ignore the art and religion, you will find that there is very little information concerning the crucifixion in it.
Everyone assumed it meant cross, but it actually means a variety of things.
A suspension device, which consisted essentially of a tall pole or pike, was commonly employed in the ancient world, by the Romans and their contemporaries, both as an execution device and as a public warning mechanism to exhibit the bodies of killed criminals and foes.
Instead, interpreting the term as “suspended” would make more sense.
He, on the other hand, claims “We don’t know what happened to those evil guys who stood next to him on the right and left sides of the room.
However, we have not been able to locate any proof of them in the ancient scriptures “He went on to say more.
“If you were wandering around Galilee and heard Jesus declare that he will be hung in a matter of days, you would be alarmed.
The passion is also recounted in different ways in different Gospels and has been depicted in diverse ways throughout history, which is another point to consider.
In other scholarly publications, he is only depicted as carrying the cross beam.
Samuelson said that he had not anticipated the positive response his theory has received on a global scale.
He stated that he had anticipated that his work would pique the interest of academics, but that he had been shocked by the widespread interest.
I believe that Jesus is God’s son, according to the Bible. Every day, I read from the New Testament. It feels like the Holy Spirit has descended upon me. I keep assuring them that this does not imply that we have to demolish all of the crosses in the churches across the world.”