How Was Jesus Killed

How did Jesus Christ die?

“Jesus pleaded with the Father, saying, ‘Father, pardon them, for they do not know what they are doing.'” — Matthew 23:34 KJVM Edical specialists, historians, and archaeologists have all looked at the execution that Jesus Christ chose to go through in great detail. His execution was universally acknowledged to have been one of the most grueling and agonizing types of lethal punishment ever created by man. A brief account of some of the facts we know about his final hours from historical sources, archaeology, and medicine is provided below.

Severe stress, even before the abuse began

“Jesus pleaded with the Father, saying, ‘Father, pardon them, for they do not realize what they are doing.’ ” 23:34 in the Bible KJVM In-depth investigations have been conducted on the execution that Jesus Christ chose to suffer by edical specialists, historians, and archaeologists His execution was universally acknowledged to have been one of the most grueling and agonizing methods of capital punishment ever conceived by man.

A brief synopsis of some of the facts we know about his final hours from historical sources, archaeology, and medicine is presented below.

Torture by beating with Roman scourges

The torture of Jesus Christ as shown by an artistAfter being tortured by the Jews, it was now the Romans’ turn to beat him. Batterings inflicted by Romansoldiers are well-known for being extremely bloody, resulting in lacerations all over the person receiving them. The whips used by the Romans were meant to cut the flesh off the bodies of their victims. These beatings were intended to be excruciatingly painful to the point of death. It would also cause fluid to accumulate around his lungs as a result of the procedure.

Given Christ’s critically stressed state, these beatings were easily enough to kill him.

Having gone for several hours without food or water, and having lost fluids via excessive perspiration and significant bleeding, Jesus would have been seriously dehydrated by now.

In addition, Jesus was forced to carry the woodenbeamon on which he would die, which was also lethal.


The pain and damage inflicted by crucifixion, which was performed entirely nude in front of the public, were intended to be so devilishly acute that the victim would constantly wish for death, yet may linger for days without respite. In the words of Dr. Frederick Zugibe, “severe, excruciating, burning pain, like lightning bolts traversing the arm into the spinal cord” can result from the piercing of the median nerve of the hands with anail. “Severe, excruciating, burning pain, like lightning bolts traversing the arm into the spinal cord,” he says.

  • The body’s posture on the cross is also intended to make breathing exceedingly difficult.
  • Doctor Frederick Zugibe, the medical examiner, believes Christ died as a result of shock caused by the loss of blood and fluid combined with traumatic shock from his injuries as well as cardiogenic shock, which caused Christ’s heart to fail.
  • “My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?” says the song, which is translated.
  • In addition, at that point, the huge, thick curtain that had hitherto concealed the Holy of Holiesroom was pulled open from top to bottom.
  • James Thompson thought that Jesus did not die as a result of tiredness, the beatings, or the three hours of crucifixion, but rather from an agony of the mind that caused a rupture of the heart.
  • Blood and water gushed out of the spear in a frenzied burst (John 19:34).
  • According to renowned physiologist Samuel Houghton, only the combination of the crucifixion and the rupture of the heart could produce this outcome.

According to the Bible, it is apparent that Jesus selected and willed the moment of His death.

He is both fully human and fully divine, despite the fact that He is fully human.

“If you are the Christ, save yourself and us,” said a criminal standing next to him near the end of the performance.

In this conversation, he was speaking to ourCreator, who is capable of releasing all of the power in the universe and beyond, as well as easily saving himself.

He suffered in order to provide a necessary means of salvation for you and me.

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Is Jesus Christ the answer?

Or, better yet, begin at the very beginning of God’s story in order to comprehend what God accomplished and why Jesus died.

(ChristianAnswers.Net/godstory) The website ChristianAnswers.Net/jesus contains a wealth of additional information and documentation about Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection, which you can access by clicking here.

In Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John you may read about Christ’s death since each of these disciples documented what happened, with more or lesser details based on their major emphasis.

More information

  • What is the meaning of crucifixion? Answer: Did Jesus truly do it when he was sweating blood? Answer: The following is a biblical description of Christ’s death and resurrection on the final day: According to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
  • How did Jesus die? On what sort of cross was he crucified? Answer: Jesus Christ HUMBLED himself to the point of death for the benefit of humanity. What is the method and why is it used? Did Jesus only faint and then recover from his wounds, or did he suffer a complete and total loss of consciousness? What is the answer? If Jesus is God, how is it possible that he died? If Jesus died on the cross, how is it possible that he is still alive today? Answer: ARCHAEOLOGY—Have any burial places been discovered for the persons who were engaged in Christ’s life and death, and if so, where? Answer: What is the significance of the DIFFERENT INSCRIPTIONS on the cross? In the answer, please tell me what the inscription “INRI” means. Answer
  • The fall of man and sin
  • The law
  • The justice of God
  • The Redeemer and redemption
  • The ransom
  • The debtor and the debtor’s debtor
  • Grace
  • Justification
  • The gospel
  • Salvation
  • The last judgment
  • What does Islam have to say about Jesus’ crucifixion and death? The answer is a crown of thorns.


  • For example, the biography of Jesus Christ by Frederick W. Farrar (Dutton, Dovar: Cassell and Co., 1897)
  • And Josh McDowell, Evidence that Demands a Verdict (Campus Crusade). In ” How Jesus Died: The Final 18 Hours “, a video released by Trinity Pictures, Dr. Ramsay MacMullen, history professor emeritus at Yale University, Dr. James Strange, professor of religious studies at the University of South Florida, and Dr. Frederick Zugibe, medical examiner, discuss the final hours of Jesus’ life. In Focus on the Family’s Resurrection of the Messiah, Faith Lessons (video), (Colorado Springs, Colorado: Focus on the Family)

Paul S. Taylor of Christian Answers is the author of this article. Films for Christ reserves all rights to the content of this page, except as mentioned on the “Usage and Copyright”page, which offers ChristianAnswers.Net readers generous rights to use this page in their homes, personal witnessing, churches, and educational institutions.

How Jesus Died: Rare Evidence of Roman Crucifixion Found

Submitted by Christian Answers’ Paul S. Taylor Films for Christ reserves all rights to the content of this page, save as mentioned on the “Usage and Copyright”tab connected to this page, which provides ChristianAnswers.Net readers broad rights to put this page to work in their homes, personal witnessing, churches and educational institutions.

Ancient burial

In their study, which was published online on April 12 in the journal Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, the researchers stated that the skeletal remains were discovered at Gavello, which is about 25 miles (40 kilometers) southwest of Venice, during archaeological excavations in preparation for the laying of a pipeline. Experts discovered that the body had been buried directly in the ground rather than in a tomb, and that it did not have any burial items, which was unusual for a Roman-era burial, according to the researchers.

According to the researchers, the lack of burial goods and the dead man’s diminutive build showed that he may have been an underfed slave who was buried without the traditional Roman funeral procedures, which were regularly performed as part of the punishment for condemned captives at the time.

Lead study author Emanuela Gualdi, a medical anthropologist at Ferrara’s University of Ferrara, told Live Science in an email that the researchers discovered “a specific lesion on the right calcaneus that ran through the whole bone.”

Brutal punishment

Gualdi and her colleagues stated in their study article that the Romans had learnt about crucifixion from the Carthaginians and had employed it as a form of capital punishment for over a thousand years, until Emperor Constantine abolished it in the fourth century A.D. According to the researchers, Roman crucifixions were intended to cause maximum pain for a prolonged period of time. Victims’ feet and wrists were typically nailed to a wooden cross, which would hold them upright while they suffered a slow and agonizing death, which could take several days, according to the researchers.

Bodies were generally left on the cross to decay or to be eaten by animals, although in other instances, they were taken and buried.

Crucifixions are frequently recounted in historical sources from ancient Roman periods, notably the execution of 6,000 abducted slaves by Roman soldiers during a revolt led by the gladiator Spartacus in the first century B.C.

Rare evidence

The execution ofJesus of Nazareth, portrayed in the Christian Bible as taking place in Jerusalem during Roman control at the beginning of the Christian period, is unquestionably the most famous crucifixion (between A.D. 30 and 36). There has been no definite archaeological evidence of that incident discovered to date. The biblical narratives of Jesus’ crucifixion, on the other hand, are central to Christian religion, and the cross has served as a symbol of Christian faith throughout history. Other than this discovery in 1968, while workers were excavating graves from the period of the Crucified Christ in Jerusalem, no other crucifixion victim has ever been discovered.

The nail was discovered in its original position within the bone, linked to a little piece of olive wood that had been a component of the wooden cross on which the guy had been hung to die, according to the findings.

Gualdi said to Live Science that bones with these sorts of abnormalities were more prone to fracture, were more difficult to maintain, and were more difficult to identify.

The irregular interment of human remains in Gavello continues to raise a number of questions: Despite the fact that we do not know whether or not he was a prisoner, Gualdi believes that he was most likely an individual who was deemed dangerous or defamed in Roman society because of his burial marginalization.

Tom Metcalfe is a freelance writer and a regular contributor to Live Science who is located in London, England, who writes about science and technology.

He has also written for a variety of publications, including the BBC, NBC News, National Geographic, Scientific American, and AirSpace, among others.

Who was responsible for Christ’s death? Who killed Jesus?

QuestionAnswer The solution to this question has a number of different sides. In the first place, there is little question that the religious leaders of Israel were directly or indirectly responsible for Jesus’ killing. “The chief priests and the elders of the people convened in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, and they devised a plan to secretly capture Jesus and murder him,” according to Matthew 26:3–4. The Jewish authorities asked that Jesus be put to death from the Romans (Matthew 27:22–25).

  1. (John 11:53).
  2. It was a Roman form of execution approved and carried out by the Romans under the authority of Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor who sentenced Jesus to death on the cross.
  3. The people of Israel were also participants in Jesus’ execution, as was the Roman Empire.
  4. Crucify him!” “Crucify him!” the crowd chanted as He faced trial before Pilate (Luke 23:21).
  5. (Matthew 27:21).
  6. At the end of the day, and maybe quite astonishingly, it was God Himself who executed Jesus.
  7. Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross insured the redemption of untold millions of people and offered the sole means by which God could forgive sin without compromising His holiness and flawless righteousness, which was otherwise impossible.
  8. As opposed to being a win for Satan, or a needless tragedy, as some have indicated, it was the most gracious act of God’s grace and mercy, the greatest manifestation of the Father’s love for sinners.
  9. As the Bible says, “God caused him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that through him, we may become the righteousness of God” (2 Corinthians 5:21).
  10. He died in order to pay the price for our sins (Romans 5:8; 6:23).

He did it this way to serve as a constant reminder to himself and everyone else that it was our faults that condemned Jesus to death on the cross. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Who was to blame for the killing of Jesus Christ? Who was responsible for Jesus’ death?

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See also:  Why Did Judas Betray Jesus

Why Did Jesus Die?

According to The death of Jesus Christ by crucifixion was reserved for the most heinous of criminals. In Jesus’ situation, it seems that almost everyone helped in some way. All of the Jewish religious authorities, the Gentile Roman authority, and an enraged crowd of people demanded his execution. Why? It all began in a little town in Israel, not far from the capital city of Jerusalem. Having reached the age of thirty, Jesus began to educate others about life and God. He drew a large number of people to him.

  • He accepted not only the affluent and powerful, but also prostitutes, the impoverished, the sick, and others who were excluded in society.
  • “He who follows me will not walk in darkness, but will be illuminated by the light of life,” Jesus says.
  • As a result of what they witnessed.
  • He started with a handful of fish and a few loaves of bread and worked his way up to feeding a 4,000-person hungry gathering.
  • At sea, Jesus arose and ordered the wind and rain to cease, bringing about a brief respite from the storm.
  • 3Several times he brought dead individuals back to life.

So Why Was Jesus Crucified?

As Jesus taught the masses, he was also critical of the religious authority in power at the time. They made a show of their authority, insisting on strict adherence to their stringent rituals, rules, and cultural customs. “They bind together huge loads that are difficult to carry and place them on people’s shoulders,” Jesus remarked of them. 4 “You hypocrites!” he said, in a direct challenge to their position. Isaiah accurately saw your future when he declared, “This nation respects me with their lips, but their hearts are distant from me; in vain do they worship me, teaching the laws of men as doctrines.” 5 In the case of the Sabbath, for example, they were very rigid.

  1. It was more limiting than it was soothing in its effects.
  2. In response, Jesus instructed the guy to take up his mat and walk.
  3. “It is the Sabbath, and it is not permissible for you to be carrying your mat,” the Pharisees told him when they spotted him.
  4. He did not take a break on the Sabbath.
  5. 6

Jesus Was Clear about His Deity.

Knowing Jesus, according to him, was to know God. 7To behold him was to behold God. 8Believing in him was the same as believing in God. 9To accept him was to accept God as well. 10To despise him was to despise God. 11And to honor him was to honor God, for he was the embodiment of holiness. Following Jesus’ popularity, the Jewish Pharisees and Sadducees determined that they needed to get rid of him in order to restore control over the people’s hearts and minds. They captured Jesus and took him before the high priest, who questioned Jesus, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?” (Are you the Son of the Blessed?) I am,” Jesus said, and you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, descending on the clouds of sky to meet you.

  1. And they all agreed that he was a murderer who deserved to die.
  2. (Thus, both Jews and Gentiles collaborated in Jesus’ murder.) The final decision was made by Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect (governor) of the region.
  3. The Pharisees and Sadducees, on the other hand, incited the crowds into a lynch mob and demanded that Jesus be executed.
  4. “Put him to death!” Pilate acceded to the demands of the throng.

Jesus Knew This Would Happen

Knowing Jesus meant to know God, according to Jesus. It was like seeing God since he was so clearly visible to me. (8) To put your faith in him meant to put your faith in God. 9To accept him was to accept God as a result of the experience. 10To despise him was to despise the Creator of the universe.” 11And to honor him was to honor God, for he was God’s representative on earth. Following Jesus’ popularity, the Jewish Pharisees and Sadducees determined that they needed to get rid of him in order to reclaim control over the populace.

  1. “I am, and you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven,” Jesus said.
  2. In addition, they all declared him to be a murderer who deserved to be executed.
  3. This means that both Jewish and Gentile people took part in Jesus’ murder.
  4. He thought that Jesus should be freed from his prison sentence.

Crucify him! yelled some of the crowd. It’s time to put him to death! When the throng pressed Pilate, he acceded. The judgement was death by crucifixion, the form of torture and execution used by the Roman authorities during the time of Christ.

Why Did Jesus Allow His Crucifixion?

We operate in ways that are diametrically contrary to God’s methods to varied degrees. Take a short look at the news on any given day and you will see what I mean. Racism, murders, sexual abuse, falsehoods, greed, corruption, terrorism, and wars, to name a few examples of wrongdoing. As individuals, we have a proclivity for causing havoc in our own and other people’s lives. God views us as lost and blind, and he holds us accountable for our actions. Consider how appalled and heartbroken we are to learn that a 6-year-old child has been taken from her family and is being subjected to sexual exploitation.

  1. All of human sin, on the other hand, is an insult to a holy God.
  2. We don’t even live up to our own expectations, let alone those of another person.
  3. So, what would a God who is absolutely holy see?
  4. 15 God instructs the Israelites to sacrifice a lamb once a year for the remission of their sins in the Old Testament, which explains why they must do so once a year.
  5. However, this was just a momentary reprieve.
  6. When Jesus arrived, the prophet John the Baptist proclaimed about him, “Behold, the Lamb of God who wipes away the sins of the world.” (John 1:29) 16 Jesus came to earth to bear the penalty for humanity’s sin, namely for our sin, on the cross in our place.
  7. To save us from God’s wrath, condemnation, and punishment for our sin, Jesus came to earth as our Savior in order to save us from ourselves.
  8. It was Jesus who bore the penalty for our sins on our behalf.

DaVinci’s Last Supper

You’ve probably seen the iconic artwork by Leonardo da Vinci depicting the “Last Supper,” in which Jesus sits at a long table with the disciples seated next to him on each side of him on either side of the table. 17Jesus, who had done no sin, paid the price for our guilt on the cross, which was shown by Da Vinci as the “Last Supper” that he had with his followers the night before he was caught and executed. It’s not even close to being fair. We weren’t deserving of him taking our position in the world.

“God demonstrates his love for us in this: while we were still sinners, Christ died for us,” we are informed.

Our Response to the Crucifixion of Jesus

What is it that he expects of us? In order to make amends and gain our forgiveness? No. We will never be able to repay Jesus for all he has done for us. What he demands of us is straightforward. to put their faith in him He urges us to embrace his dying on our behalf, as well as his total and unconditional forgiveness, as a gift from him. Surprisingly, many people do not want to go through with it. They desire to put up an effort to win their salvation. They must earn their way into paradise.

  1. In response to their rejection of everything Jesus has done for them, Jesus stated they will die in their sin and face judgment.
  2. Moreover, everlasting life and an intimate, personal contact with God are also available now, while we are living on the earth.
  3. Jesus was not simply absorbing the consequences of our wrongdoing.
  4. He was extending far more than just forgiveness to those who needed it.
  5. This is analogous to a wealthy billionaire not only canceling a debt owed to him, but also transferring ownership of his whole estate to the individual who was unable to pay the amount back in full.

It is entirely up to us whether or not we accept the gift of a connection with him that he is presenting to us. It was described by Jesus in the following words: “I am the only way, the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father except through me.” 21

His Offer to Us

Anyone who would invite Jesus into their lives and accept his free gift of forgiveness and eternal life will establish a relationship with him that will last for the rest of their lives. Following Jesus’ crucifixion, they buried him in a tomb and stationed a trained Roman guard of soldiers at the tomb to keep watch over him. Why? Jesus had stated on several occasions that he will rise from the dead three days after his his body. Everything he had declared about himself will be proven correct.

  • After then, Jesus appeared physically to the disciples several times, first to a throng of 500 people, then to individuals.
  • Each of them was murdered for it, in separate parts of the world from one another, because they were so sure of Jesus’ identity.
  • “We have come to know and believe in the love that God has for us,” says the apostle John in his book of Revelation.
  • Whoever lives in love is a part of God.
  • Here’s how you can do it.
  • Please accept my apologies.
  • Lead my life as you desire.
  • Amen.” In the case of someone who has only recently asked Jesus into their lives, his crucifixion signifies that you have accepted his gift, that you have been forgiven, and that you have an eternal connection with him.
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Footnotes: (1) John 8:12; (2) Matthew 9:35; (3) (3) 4:41 (Matthew 4:41) (4) Jesus said in Matthew 23:4 (5), Matt 15:9 (6), and John 5:18 (7) John 8:19 (eighth) John 12:45 (eighth) John 14:9 (ninth) (9) John 12:44 and 14:1 are two of the most important passages in the Bible (10) 9:37 (Matthew 9:37) (11) 15:23 (John 15:23) John 5:23 (12) (13) Mark 14:61,62 (KJV) (14) 10:18 (John 10:18) (15) Acts 10:43 (16) Romans 6:23 (17) John 1:29 (18) Matthew 26:28 (19) Romans 5:8 (20) Acts 10:43 (20) Paul writes in Romans 6:23 that (21) 14:6 (John 14:6) (22) (23), John 5:24 (24), John 17:25,26 (23) 1John 4:16,17 (24)

6 Facts Surrounding the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

The crucifixion of Jesus Christ was the most horrible, agonizing, and shameful method of lethal punishment ever utilized in the ancient world, and it remains so to this day. Binding the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, and nailing the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, was this form of execution.

Crucifixion Definition and Facts

  • When it came to lethal punishment in ancient times, Jesus Christ’s crucifixion was the most terrible, agonizing, and shameful manner of execution ever devised. Binding the victim’s wrists and feet, as well as nailing them to a cross of wood, was the technique used for execution in this case.

History of Crucifixion

Although the crucifixion was considered to be one of the most shameful and painful ways of death in ancient times, it was also considered to be one of the most dreaded means of execution in ancient times. Extant records of crucifixions date back to prehistoric times, with the Persians most likely being the first to record them, before spreading to the Assyrians, Scythian, Carthaginian, Germanic, Celtic, and British cultures. Crucifixion, as a form of capital punishment, was reserved largely for traitors, captive armies, slaves, and the most heinous of offenders, among others.

Forms of Crucifixion

Detailed depictions of crucifixions are scarce, maybe because secular historians could not stand to record the gory events of this horrible institution. A great deal has been learned about this early form of the death punishment, however, thanks to archaeological discoveries made in first-century Palestine. For the crucifixion, four fundamental constructions or types of crosses were employed:

  • It is possible that secular historians were unable to explain the tragic events of this heinous practice because they could not bear to do so because of their religious beliefs. A considerable deal of information about this early version of the death punishment has been gained from archaeological discoveries in first-century Palestine. When it came to crucifixion, there were four primary constructions or sorts of crosses:

Bible Story Summary of Christ’s Crucifixion

Several biblical passages, including Matthew 27:27-56, Mark 15:21-38, Luke 23:26-49, and John 19:16-37 (all from the New International Version), describe Jesus Christ’s death on the Roman crucifixion. Christians believe that Christ’s death served as the perfect atonement for the sins of all humanity, which has resulted in the crucifix, also known as the cross, becoming one of the most recognized symbols of Christianity. As recounted in the Bible’s account of Jesus’ execution, the Jewish high council, known as the Sanhedrin, convicted Jesus of blasphemy and determined that he should be put to death.

  • Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler, who determined that he was innocent.
  • Jesus was ordered to be executed by the Sanhedrin; thus, Pilate, fearing the Jews, handed Jesus over to one of his centurions to carry out the death sentence.
  • On his head was a crown of thorns, which he refused to take off.
  • Jesus was given a concoction of vinegar, gall, and myrrh, but he turned down the offer.

A cross was erected on which Jesus was crucified between two criminals, and stakes were hammered through his wrists and ankles to secure him to the structure. “The King of the Jews,” according to the inscription on the wall over his head.

Timeline of Jesus’ Death by Crucifixion

From roughly 9 a.m. until 3 p.m., Jesus hung on the cross for approximately six hours. During that time, soldiers cast lots for Jesus’ garments while bystanders passed by yelling obscenities and scoffing. When Jesus ascended to the cross, he addressed his mother Mary and the disciple John. “My God, my God, why have You left Me?” he screamed out to his father as well. At that point, the entire landscape was enveloped in darkness. Soon after, as Jesus took his final excruciating breath, an earthquake struck the Earth, tearing the temple curtain in two from top to bottom, shattering it.

The tombs were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God.” In order to demonstrate mercy, it was customary for Roman troops to break the criminal’s legs, so speeding up the process of execution.

Rather than shattering his legs, they punctured his side with a knife.

Good Friday – Remembering the Crucifixion

Christians celebrate the passion, or suffering, and death of Jesus Christ on the cross on Good Friday, the Friday before Easter, which is observed on the Friday before Easter. Many Christians spend this day in fasting, prayer, repentance, and contemplation of Christ’s anguish on the cross, among other things.


  • Crucifixion. The Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368)
  • The Crucifixion (p. 368)
  • The Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368)

The Crucifixion of Jesus and the Jews

Jesus was executed because he was a Jewish victim of Roman persecution. On this point, all documented authorities are in agreement. His execution was ordered by the Gentile Roman ruler, Pontius Pilate, who had him tortured and killed by Gentile Roman troops before he was executed. In fact, Jesus was one of thousands of Jews who were executed by the Romans. The New Testament not only attests to this fundamental reality, but it also provides for Jewish participation in two ways. A small group of high-ranking Jewish officials who owed their positions and authority to the Romans colluded with the Gentile leaders to have Jesus executed; they are claimed to have been envious of Jesus and to have regarded him as an existential danger to the status quo.

The number of individuals in this mob is not specified, nor is there any explanation provided for their actions (other than the fact that they had been “stirred up,” as stated in Mark 15:11).

As recorded in Matthew, the Roman ruler wipes his hands of Jesus’ blood, as the Jews exclaim, “His blood be upon us and upon our children!” (Matthew 27:25.) Throughout Jesus’ mission, the Jews are shown as desiring to murder him in John’s Gospel (John 5:18,John 7:1,John 8:37).

This shift in emphasis is not entirely clear, but one obvious possibility is that as the church spread throughout the world, Romans rather than Jews became the primary targets of evangelism; as a result, there may have been some motivation to “off-the-hook” the Romans and blame the Jews for Jesus’ death rather than the other way around.

However, by the middle of the second century, the apocryphal Gospel of Peter presents the Romans as Jesus’ supporters, and the Jews as those who crucify him, according to tradition.

As a result, anti-Semitism has fed such beliefs for ages, culminating in the crude demonization of Jews as “Christ-killers.” Christians have traditionally held, in opposition to such predictions, that the human actors responsible for Jesus’ execution are irrelevant: he offered his life voluntarily as a sacrifice for sin (Mark 10:45;John 18:11).

“Let his blood be upon us and upon our children!” cries out the congregation in most liturgical churches when Matthew’s PassionNarrativeis read during a worship service.

In most liturgical churches, when Matthew’s PassionNarrativeis read during a worship service, all members of the congregation are invited to echoMatt 27:25aloud, crying out, “Let his blood be upon us and upon our children!”


In his role as a Jewish victim of Roman oppression, Jesus was crucified. Almost every source in writing agrees on this point. His execution was ordered by the Gentile Roman governor, Pontius Pilate, who had him tortured and executed by Gentile Roman soldiers before he could be executed. Thousands of Jews were crucified alongside Jesus by the Romans, and he was one of them. In addition to confirming this fundamental reality, the New Testament also provides for Jewish participation in two ways.

They are claimed to have been envious of Jesus and to have considered him as an existential danger to the status quo.

The number of individuals in this mob is not specified, nor is there any explanation for their actions (other than the fact that they had been “stirred up,” as stated in Mark 15:11).

As recorded in Matthew, the Roman ruler wipes his hands of Jesus’ blood, while the Jews exclaim, “His blood be upon us and on our children!” In Matthew 27:25, the Bible says, Through the course of Jesus’ mission, the Jews are depicted in John’s Gospel as desiring to murder him (John 5:18,John 7:1,John 8:37).

This shift in emphasis is not entirely clear, but one obvious possibility is that as the church spread throughout the world, Romans rather than Jews became the primary targets of evangelism; as a result, there may have been some motivation to “off-the-hook” the Romans while blaming the Jews for Jesus’ death.

In any event, by the middle of the second century, the apocryphalGospel of Peter presents the Romans as Jesus’ supporters, while the Jews are shown as the ones who crucify Jesus.

As a result, anti-Semitism has fed such beliefs for ages, culminating in the vulgar denigration of Jews as “Christ-killers.” Christians have traditionally held, in opposition to such predictions, that the human actors responsible for Jesus’ death are irrelevant: he offered his life voluntarily as a sacrifice for sin on the cross (Mark 10:45;John 18:11).

See also:  Why Is Jesus Called The Son Of David

“Let his blood be upon us and upon our children!” cries out the congregation in most liturgical churches when Matthew’s PassionNarrativeis read during a worship service.

In most liturgical churches, when Matthew’s PassionNarrativeis read during a worship service, all members of the congregation are invited to echo Matthew 27:25aloud, crying out, “Let his blood be upon us and upon our children!”

Christ’s Death Under Medical Examination : Doctors’ Investigation of the Crucifixion Published in AMA Journal

When Jesus Christ died on the crucifixion, it was a study in the anguish of a man whose arms and legs, their main nerves potentially pierced by spikes, fired searing jolts of pain through a body already depleted of blood from a severe whipping, a study in human suffering. At least three hours had passed before Jesus succumbed to an extraordinarily severe sort of blood loss-induced shock and a type of asphyxia that was not usually associated with the crucifixion. Eventually, he may have suffered a climactic heart seizure, possibly caused by a blood clot breaking loose inside his arteries and causing fatal damage to his heart muscle at the time of his death.

  • Assuming he did in fact incur a lance wound after losing consciousness for what appeared to be the final time, the spear point most likely penetrated the heart, discharging a mixture of blood and fluid that had collected as a result of the growing asphyxiation.
  • At the very least, these are the results of the most comprehensive medical assessment of the anguish of Christ’s death that has ever been published in a scientific publication.
  • Perhaps most surprisingly, the new review appears to be the first significant medical examination of the Crucifixion to be published in this century, according to the authors.
  • According to Dr.
  • Indeed, topics that are steeped so deeply in history, philosophy, and religion cannot be answered with absolute clarity at this time.
  • Michael Baden, deputy chief medical examiner for the city of New York, not only is it difficult to draw really valid medical conclusions regarding Christ’s death, but attempting to do so too vigorously may cause faith and science to become hopelessly confused.
  • Kennedy and the overdose death of comedian John Belushi, have been brought under Baden’s scrutiny.
  • According to Baden, “there is something lovely in faith, and (it) stands on its own two feet.” In attempting to provide faith-based scientific grounds, a conflict is always generated.
  • to stories that do not allow for that level of exactitude.” Several aspects of Baden’s perspective are comparable to those of the Roman Catholic Church, according to Father Newman Eberhardt, a professor of church history at St.

The fact that the Crucifixion took place under total divine supervision makes 20th-century pathology meaningless, according to Eberhardt, if one believes, as Christians do, that Jesus Christ was God’s son in the end analysis If the belief in the deity of Jesus is denied, any attempted research over 2,000 years after the fact will be ineffective at diagnosing the problem.

“She doesn’t have any insights into biological principles.” Undeterred by whether science has any relevance to such a fundamentally religious issue, doctors who have reviewed the new crucifixion pathology findings have noted that at least some of the science may rely for its most definitive conclusions on medical evidence that is at the very least controversial and possibly suspect.

The shroud has been a source of controversy for decades, and it is still awaiting what may be a critical evaluation—radiocarbon dating—that could assist to determine whether its fiber genuinely belongs to the time of Jesus.

Assuming that the shroud was used as a burial cloth for Christ and that it contains an image of his body at the time of burial, it may be able to confirm more scientifically than anything else the nature and severity of the injuries he sustained as well as reveal something about his overall physical appearance.

A further point to mention is that the Mayo Clinic pathologist who is the primary author of the new study is a “born-again” Christian who, according to him, brought a strong desire to confirm the tenet of faith that Christ died on the cross, thus making the Resurrection a genuine miracle to his review.

  • He thanked the team for their efforts.
  • William D.
  • Most modern pathologists and medical examiners have never seen a crucifixion victim, however one specialist who was questioned by The Times admitted that he had strapped himself to a cross in order to witness firsthand the effects of the crucifixion on respiration.
  • Edwards is a professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota.

Phenomena in the Medical Field According to Edwards, Gabel, and Hosmer, the events of Good Friday are associated with the following medical phenomena: The night before his death, certain scripture sources claim that Jesus was in extreme emotional torment, and that his perspiration had the appearance of blood on his forehead and on his cheeks.

  1. – The fact that Jesus’ career forced him to travel long miles on foot through what is now Israel, as well as his brief religious trial on blasphemy accusations and the anguish of crucifixion, very probably contributed to his good physical health prior to those events.
  2. – In the aftermath of Christ’s trial and condemnation, he was subjected to an extremely painful scourging with a sort of whip that may have contained shards of jagged bone and metal wrapped into its thongs.
  3. A considerable volume of blood was lost during the whipping, which may have accounted for up to a quarter to a third of the body’s total blood flow, according to reports.
  4. Further support for the deepening shock idea is provided by the fact that Christ could not bear the weight of his own cross when he was ordered to carry it to the execution place.
  5. Although there are no major arteries near the sites of the nailings, it is possible that the spikes struck one of a number of important main nerves.
  6. A similar amount of discomfort would have been experienced if the cuts had happened on the feet.
  7. In the traditional symptoms of crucifixion, the posture would have started to impair his respiratory capacity almost immediately, causing a steady decrease in the amount of oxygen being mixed into his circulation and laying the stage for eventual asphyxiation.

– Because of the way Jesus’ respiratory system had been weakened, it would have been incredibly difficult for him to speak, as the Scriptures claim he did seven times from the cross.

Because the chest’s role in breathing would have been significantly reduced, Jesus was presumably managing his intake of air and oxygen using the muscles of his belly.

As a result of this stress, the symptoms of congestive heart failure would have manifested themselves in Jesus’ respiratory system, and blood clots would have formed on the major arteries and valves of the heart.

– The possibility that there was no such climactic heart attack exists, and that the death was caused more likely by shock, the eventual overwhelming effect of exhaustion-induced suffocation, or some other sudden, acute heart failure episode exists.

It is not apparent from current evidence if Jesus’ death may have been impacted by a genuine cardiac rupture, a condition popularized in the conventional layman’s interpretation of the Crucifixion in which Christ is claimed to have died of a shattered heart.

However, despite the fact that the biblical stories include inconsistencies, conventional Christian theology claims that a Roman soldier stabbed the moribund Christ with the tip of a spear.

The wound appeared to have entered the chest cavity.

Between three and six hours had passed since Christ had been nailed on the cross.

Traditional interpretations predicated on the premise that Jesus did not die on the cross appear to be at conflict with contemporary medical understanding.” A telephone interview with Edwards revealed that if he had to choose just one conclusion, it would not be one that was medical in nature.

“I believe that the most important conclusion we can reach is that Christ died on the cross.” When it comes to various explanations of the Resurrection,” the belief that Jesus rose from the dead three days after his death, many people consider this self-evident, and the important implications are more theological than medical in nature.

  1. “I believe the authors would incline (to claim) that our (medical results) do not contradict the scriptural Crucifixion, but this is not because we set out with that prejudice on mind,” said the researcher.
  2. It appears that our findings provide considerable evidence in favor of the literal, biblical understanding of a supernatural, miraculous bodily resurrection.” Dr.
  3. He is now considered to be one of the world’s foremost authorities on the shroud, and he is certain of its authenticity.
  4. On the phone, Bucklin expressed his delight at learning that a large portion of the final version of the Edwards study was based on evidence from the shroud.

Although Bucklin believes the shroud to be authentic, he cautioned against placing undue reliance on the new medical conclusions as being entirely factual because, even if the shroud is what it is claimed to be, drawing pathological conclusions nearly 2,000 years after an event is “extremely difficult to do.” “I’ve been to court far too many times,” Bucklin admitted emphatically.

Bucklin reportedly had aides bind him to a cross for a few minutes so he could better grasp the physiology of what happens during crucifixion, according to his account.

Bucklin explained that “you can put it all together and, when you do, you have a very complete picture of what happened that day in Jerusalem.” However, putting too much trust in such medical analysis may lead to a misunderstanding of the situation.

Among the many things to bear in mind is that the Bible makes it quite plain that Christ willed his own death, according to Bucklin.

Ultimately, though, it must be said that he willed his death at that exact time.” A telephone discussion with Baden revealed that he concurred, stating that the “challenge here is to interpret faith in the light of scientific principles.” As Baden pointed out, the new Crucifixion study is “clearly more historical than medical in nature,” and “would not be acceptable in a court of law if we were looking at a someone who was discovered in comparable circumstances today.” “There were other things going on here (in this instance).” “I believe that if this were a modern-day case, it would necessitate a diagnosis that included exposure and weariness, as well as lacerations to the back, (head), and chest,” says the author.

But we’re talking about a topic of religion, and we’re mixing it up with the trappings of science once more, and I’m not certain that this interpretation, with or without the Shroud of Turin, has any merit.

I do not believe that this sort of analysis would be valid enough to be used in a court of law, but I am confident that physicians are aware of this. “Attempting to link biblical and other historical assertions with contemporary understanding is obviously fascinating.”

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