Jesus’ Birthday – December 25
Who was Jesus Christ, and why is December 25 honored as a major holiday around the world, regardless of geography, political affiliation, or religious affiliation? Interestingly, while Jesus is predominantly linked with Christianity in the Western world, he is also regarded as a prominent figure by other religions. As we celebrate this intriguing, complex, and occasionally contentious man’s life on his birthday, we invite you to learn more about him.
Jesus’ Birthday timeline
The birth of Jesus takes place in the year C. 4 AD. Jesus was born in Nazareth, in the Galilee area of Israel, during the reign of Herod the Great, and grew up in Nazareth with his parents. Jesus was baptized and officially began his ministry in the year 26 AD. When Jesus was 30 years old, he came into contact with John the Baptist, who recognized Jesus as the Son of God and baptized him in the name of the Father. The Transfiguration of Jesus took place around the year 27 AD. After ascending to the summit of a high mountain to pray, Jesus’ face began to glow, and soon his entire body was bathed in a brilliant white light.
Jesus landed in the city of Jerusalem.
The Last Supper took place around the year 29 AD.
How to Celebrate Jesus’ Birthday
- Christians celebrate Jesus’ birth on Christmas Day with a broad range of traditions, the majority of which feature reenactments of the Nativity scene, which depicts Jesus’ poor beginnings. Caroling and Handel’s Messiah oratorio are among the highlights of the Christmas season, which ranges from simple carols to magnificent performances of Handel’s oratorio. Many Christian families make it an annual ritual to attend a midnight church service on Christmas Eve, which is lighted only by candlelight.
Celebrate as a winter nature and music festival
- When it comes to Christmas, the tradition of using a Christmas tree, mistletoe, and other plants that are linked with the festival dates back to pagan rites that became incorporated into religious observance since December 25th coincided with the winter solstice. Christmas lights have replaced candles as the modern equivalent. Also available are ever-expanding collections of Christmas tunes, ranging from jazz to rap
Celebrate as an occasion for joyful giving
- The tradition of exchanging gifts has evolved into a significant feature of the holiday season. This year, perhaps we might consider simplifying the gift-giving process by considering how we can offer something of ourselves as a present to someone else. Simply baking gluten-free sweets for a friend who has food allergies, locating a book for your spouse who has been yearning to read, or writing a genuine message of thanks to a family member may all count as acts of kindness. Making charitable contributions from a place of gratitude and abundance rather than out of obligation or pressure is essential to happy giving.
3 Little-known Facts About Jesus Christ
- “Christ” is a title or office rather than a given name, and it is derived from the Hebrew term for “anointed,” which is transliterated into English as “Messiah.”
Jesus was part of a big family
- In addition to his brothers James, Joses (or Joseph), Judas, and Simon, Jesus also had at least three sisters, the identities of whom have not been documented.
Some non-Christian religions also recognize Jesus
- According to Islam, for example, Jesus (often transliterated as Isa) is revered as one of God’s most prominent prophets, as well as a bringer of scriptures and as the promised Messiah. Islam, on the other hand, does not regard him to be the Son of God, as Christians do.
Jesus’ Birthday dates
When Was Jesus Born—B.C. or A.D.?
Calculating the time span between BCE and AD was a complicated process. Megan Sauter will be 30 years old on December 4, 2021. 32 216013 views and 216013 comments When was Jesus’ birth commemorated? It is from an altarpiece by Mariotto Albertinelli (1474–1515) that this predella panel portrays the newborn infant Jesus, who is accompanied by Joseph and his mother Mary. Which year did Jesus come into the world, B.C. or A.D.? According to the evidence, he was born about 4 B.C. or before. Photo courtesy of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, courtesy of the John G.
- What year did Jesus come into the world?
- or earlier.
- Since Herod played a significant part in the story of Jesus’ birth (see Matthew 2), it is reasonable to assume that Jesus was born before Herod died.
- The abbreviations B.C.
- stand for “before Christ” and “anno Domini,” which translates as “in the year of the Lord,” respectively, in the English language.
- In principle, all of the years preceding Jesus’ birth are referred to as B.C., and all of the years after his birth are referred to as A.D.
- However, as previously said, it is most likely that Jesus was born around the year 4 B.C.
As a result, how did the present-day distinction between BCE and A.D.
In his Biblical Views column, “The Turn of the Christian Era: The Tale of Dionysius Exiguus,” published in the November/December 2017 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review, Ben Witherington III of Asbury Theological Seminary investigates the calendar split.
in Scythia Minor, which is a region that includes parts of Romania and Bulgaria.
Ironically, he also produced a book on simple mathematics, which is ironic given his background.
You might be interested in knowing more about Jesus’ birth.
Jesus’ Birth as Told Through History and Tradition: The Story of Jesus’ Birth in History and Tradition.
A new calendar based on B.C.
dates was established as a result of Dionysius’ computations.
(Before the Common Era) and C.E.
However, despite the fact that Dionysius Exiguus computed the year of Jesus’ birth in the sixth century, it wasn’t until the eighth century that the date became widely accepted.
In Ben Witherington III’s Biblical Views column “The Turn of the Christian Era: The Tale of Dionysius Exiguus,” which appears in the November/December 2017 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, you’ll learn more about when Jesus was born and Dionysius Exiguus’s calculations for B.C.
– Subscribers: The complete Biblical Views column “The Turn of the Christian Era: The Tale of Dionysius Exiguus” by Ben Witherington III can be found in the November/December 2017 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review, which is available online.
Are you a new subscriber? Become a member today. You might be interested in knowing more about Jesus’ birth. In the free eBook The First Christmas: The Story of Jesus’ Birth in History and Tradition, you may learn more about the origins of Christmas and the date of Jesus’ birth in the Bible.
Related reading in Bible History Daily:
The Death of Herod, the Birth of Jesus, and a Lunar Eclipse: Did Jesus Really Exist? Looking for Evidence Outside the Bible: Lawrence Mykytiuk’s main piece from the January/February 2015 issue of BAR, which includes a large list of endnotes This is the entire text of Andrew McGowan’s article from the December 2002 edition of Bible Review, “How December 25 Became Christmas.” Christmas Stories in Christian Apocryphaby Andrew McGowan Tony Burke is a former U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.
Who Was Jesus’ biological father, and how did he come to be?
Last updated on November 29, 2017, this feature from Bible History Daily was first published on November 29, 2017.
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How Old Was Jesus When He Died?
What was Jesus’ age at the time of his death? Have a look at the following Is it possible that the Bible does not provide any information concerning Jesus’ death date or how old he was when he died? Furthermore, neither the date of Jesus’ birth nor the date of his death are specifically mentioned in the Bible. As a result, pinpointing the precise date of Jesus’ birth or death is difficult. Taking a look at the events given in the New Testament, notably the Gospel of Luke, and comparing it to Roman historical records, we may certainly infer that Jesus was born sometime between 6 and 4 BCE, which corresponds to the era between 6 and 4 BCE.
Taking a look at the dates above for Jesus’ birth and death, it appears that What was Jesus’ age at the time of his death?
When it comes to age, many Biblical academics and historians tend to be among the youngest. Consequently, even if it is hard to be precise or dogmatic, the question is, “How old was Jesus at the time of his death?” It is “about 34 years.”
Death Of Jesus According To The Gospel And The Bible?
|According to the Bible||Birth of Jesus during the reign of Herod the Great, who died in 4 BC.|
|According to the Gospels||Jesus was born during the census of Quirinius. It happened ten years after the death of Herod the Great.|
|According to the Bible||Jesus was baptized and began his ministry at the age of 30.And was crucified after the age of 30, almost at the age of 33.|
What was Jesus’ age at the time of his death? Additionally, you should be familiar with:
- Is There a Symbolic Meaning for the Number 8 in the Bible? And What Does Non-Denominational Church Mean? What Does the Bible Say About a Seer? What Was Jesus’ Height
Bible And Quran Facts About The Death Of Jesus
The Crucifixion and Death of Jesus What was Jesus’ age at the time of his death? First and foremost, we must understand the historical fact of Jesus’ death as recorded in the Bible. As recorded in the Gospel of Matthew chapter 12 verses 38, 39, and 40, certain people came to Jesus one day and requested him to perform a miracle or reveal a sign for them. In response to this request from the people, Jesus stated that a wicked and adulterous generation is looking for a sign from God. There is no significance to it unless the prophetic sign is Jonah, because Jonah was trapped in the stomach of the giant fish for three days and three nights, and there is no prophetic sign in Jonah.
- We can infer from these lines that Jesus made a prophecy to the people regarding the possibility of a miracle occurring.
- We now have a couple of queries, which are as follows: Question 1.Was prophet Jonah alive or dead at the time of his death?
- The most obvious response to this question is that he was still alive at the time of writing.
- When he was devoured by the giant fish, the answer was that he was still alive.
- He was still alive, that is the explanation.
- He was still alive, that is the explanation.
- Nonetheless, for Jesus to fulfill his prophesy as proclaimed in Matthew chapter 12 verse 40 and perform a miracle for the people, a miracle must be performed.
His body should have been carried down from the cross when it happened.
For the sake of argument, Jesus should have been alive when he arose from the ground.
We are unable to agree with this because we respect and love Jesus; as a result, this conversation demonstrates that Jesus was not crucified and did not die as previously believed.
In fact, if he did not die, he would be in a state of peace.
The Holy Quran mentions it in verses 157 and 158 of chapter 4, verse 157 of chapter 4.
However, a copy of him was created by a third party.
They don’t know anything about it other than what they’ve learned from the presumption.
Rather, Allah Almighty God exalted him above all others, and Allah is forever exalted in power and wisdom.
Your query concerning how old Jesus was when he died has been answered, but the answer cannot be given to you since Jesus is still alive and so cannot be told his age at the time of his death.
How old was Jesus when his father died?
The Bible makes no mention of Joseph’s death, who was the father of Jesus, and his brothers and sisters. We may, however, confine the period of his death to the events in the biblical tale. When Jesus was twelve years old, his Holy Family traveled to Jerusalem to be with him, and Joseph is frequently referenced in the Gospel accounts. Joseph, on the other hand, is not there when Jesus begins his public ministry at the age of 30. In all of the narratives, Mary is seen with Jesus or with other family members, and she is delivered to John on the cross, suggesting that no male relatives were alive at the time.
How old was Jesus’ mother when she died?
Several apocryphal legends indicate that Mary was between the ages of 12 and 14 when she became engaged to Joseph, however this has never been verified. It is possible that Mary was married when she was approximately 12 years old, according to traditional Jewish practice. And the death of Mary, the mother of Christ, in the year 41 A.D. According to Hippolytus of Thebes, Mary lived a another 11 years after her son’s death before her own death.
FAQ About How Old Was Jesus When He Died?
When Jesus died, how old was he at the time? Jesus died when he was 33 years old because he completed his ministry between the ages of 30 and 33. Is it possible that Jesus had a child? They want you to know that Jesus had a secret wife named Mary Magdalene, who was stashed away for many years under the cover of fake news and conspiracy theories. He had two children with Mary Magdalene, who was his first wife. Was Jesus married or did he have a wife? According to a book, Jesus Christ was married to Mary Magdalene and had two children with her.
- Christ was on Earth for around thirty-three years, during which time he led a profoundly pure and holy life in the midst of pain and adversity.
- In the year 29AD, Jesus was crucified.
- Nobody is aware of it.
- When Jesus died for the second time, how old was he at the time?
- His belief in not dying a second time was bolstered by the fact that he would be taken to heaven 40 days following his resurrection.
- Jesus, commonly known as God, was assassinated when he was 33 years old.
- The Bible, on the other hand, does not provide any evidence for God’s death.
The current years were calculated based on Jesus’ birth date, which was 1 A.D.
This suggests that the year of Jesus’ birth is presently in the year 2020 A.D.
Is it known how old Jesus was when he began his ministry?
The beginning of Jesus’ ministry, which occurred on September 11, 26AD, is usually included in the chronology of his life.
27 and 29 and the time of his death to be between A.D.
When Joseph died, how old was Jesus at the time?
What time, day, and hour did Jesus die, and where was he buried?
It was approximately 3 o’clock in the afternoon.
Do you have any questions?
Three Passovers are mentioned in the Gospel of John, during which Jesus is carried to Jerusalem to prove the widely held Christian belief that Jesus lived 33 years on earth.
In the year 2021, how old is Jesus?
The birth of Jesus, according to modern academics, took place between the 7th and 4th century B.C.
(since I feel it is a superior choice).
This is owing to a hiatus in the Christian calendar, in which the year 2000 was not included (it runs from 1 B.C.
It is hard to determine whether or not you are 100 percent certain in your position.
Luke 2:41-52 tells the account of the characters.
What was Jesus’ true age at the time of his death?
Because, after 33 years, Jesus vanished from the face of the earth.
His grave is said to be at Raujabal, near Srinagar, in the Indian state of Kashmir.
What Jesus Christ did between the ages of 13 and 29 remains a mystery to this day.
When he returned to Jerusalem at the age of 30, he was initiated by John the Baptist (John).
Following his entrance, he began instructing others. He was hung on the cross three years later, or 33 years after he committed the crime. After the age of 33, he was never seen or heard from again. It is unclear what happened to him after that or how long he would live.
How old would Jesus be if he was still alive?
For example, if Methuselah were still alive today, his age would be close to the year of the Gregorian calendar, which was based on the calculated date of his birth: BC dates before Christ and AD (year of our Lord) dates after Christ. History later suggested that he may have been born 4 years earlier, in 4 BC. If so, he would be (for example) 2020 years old in 2016, according to historians. Of course, the exact date isn’t known at this time. – Christians believe that Jesus *is* still alive because he was crucified, died, and then rose from the dead, defeating death once and for all.
(17) And he is before all things, and all things are held together by him.
The important thing to remember is that, despite the fact that Jesus died physically, He was raised from the dead, and this same free gift is made available to everyone today: all you have to do is accept the offer: _Revelation 3:20 King James Version Observe how I approach the door and knock: if anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and sup with him, and he will likewise do the same with me.
When Was Jesus Born?
The birth of Jesus Christ is honored by millions of people all over the globe on December 25, as part of their Christmas celebrations. However, the majority of experts agree that Jesus was not born on that day, or even in the year A.D. 1; rather, he was born later.
Why is Jesus’ birthday celebrated on December 25?
Many researchers believe that the Roman Catholic Church picked December 25 as the date because it coincides with the winter solstice and Saturnalia, a celebration devoted to the Roman god Saturn, both of which occur on the same day. According to professor Ignacio L. Götz in his book “Jesus the Jew: Reality, Politics, and Myth-A Personal Encounter,” the church could also co-opt this prominent pagan holiday, as well as the winter celebration of other pagan faiths, by choosing this day to honor Jesus’ birthday (Christian Faith Publishing, 2019).
Related: Why do Christians have so many different faiths to choose from?
The Death of King Herod
Some experts assume he was born between 6 B.C. and 5 B.C.E. and 4 B.C., and is based in part on the biblical tale of King Herod the Great (Herod the Great ). An effort to kill Jesus was made, according to legend, when King Herod ordered the execution of all male newborns under the age of two who resided in the neighborhood of Bethlehem, an incident known as the Massacre of the Innocents. This occurred shortly before Herod’s own death, which is still debated as to when it occurred. Although historians disagree about Herod’s exact year of death, many believe that the mass infanticide was nothing more than an urban legend.
However, historians disagree about Herod’s exact year of death, and many believe that the mass infanticide was nothing more than an urban legend.
The Star of Bethlehem
Another group of researchers has sought to match the “Star of Bethlehem,” which is said to have hailed Jesus’ birth, with actual astronomical phenomena in order to determine the year of Jesus’ birth. scientist Colin Humphreys argued in a 1991 essay published in the Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society that the mythical star was really a slow-moving comet, which Chinese watchers first observed in 5 B.C. Humphreys’ idea, on the other hand, has now been disproved. Related: Is it possible that the Christmas Star is indeed the Star of Bethlehem?
Another option is a comparable conjunction between Saturn and Jupiter, which happened in October of 7 B.C.
In addition, there has been conjecture that Jesus was born in the springtime.
— From where did Satan originate? — Was Jesus a genuine person or a fictional character? — Is it possible that the ‘forbidden fruit’ in the Garden of Eden was actually an apple? Joseph Bennington-Castro is a contributing writer for Live Science and Space.com who is based in the Hawaiian Islands. A master’s degree in scientific journalism from New York University as well as a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Hawaii have qualified him for this position. His research encompasses a wide range of scientific topics, ranging from the bizarre mating practices of various animals to the drug and alcohol habits of ancient societies to the latest breakthroughs in solar cell technology.
What year was Jesus Christ born? When was Jesus born?
Answer The Bible does not specify the specific day or even the exact year that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, nor does it specify the location of the birth. However, a detailed analysis of the chronological facts of history narrows the range of options to a realistic period of time in the distant past. The Gospels include all of the scriptural information about Jesus’ conception and birth. During the reign of Herod the Great, according to Matthew 2:1, Jesus was born into this world. Since Herod died in 4 B.C., we have a starting point with which to work.
- This suggests that Jesus might have been as young as 2 years old at the time of Herod’s death.
- on the calendar.
- to 14 A.D., and that he died in A.D.
- It is believed that Quirinius ruled Syria during this time period, as evidenced by records of a census that included Judea in roughly 6 B.C.
- This historical information indicates that Christ’s birth in Bethlehem occurred between 6 and 5 B.C., which is the most plausible date.
The ministry of Jesus began during the time of John the Baptist’s ministry in the wilderness, and John’s ministry began “in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip being tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,” during the time of the high (Luke 3:1-2).
- The only chronological period that can account for all of these data is the era between A.D.
- If Jesus was “about thirty years of age” by A.D.
- According to the most recent estimates, Jesus would have been roughly 32 years old at the time of His ministry’s start (still “about thirty years of age” at the time).
- What do you think?
- It is the day on which Christians have decided to commemorate the birth of Jesus, however the precise date of His birth is uncertain.
Jesus’ mother, Mary, gave birth to Him in the Judean town of Bethlehem in the year 6-4 B.C. His birth, along with the lives of countless individuals all around the world, altered the course of history forever.
How old was Jesus when he died?
However, the picture of Jesus’ crucifixion is one of the most important symbols in Christianity. But how old was Jesus when he died? (Image courtesy of Getty) The death of Jesus Christ through crucifixion – and the subsequent resurrection of Jesus Christ – is the reason we celebrate Easter. There has long been recorded proof that Jesus, who claimed to be the son of God, was a genuine man who lived in the first century AD. In the first century, he was a Galilean Jew who was born at the beginning of the first century.
- So, how old was he at the time of his death?
- However, that particular point is as obscure as mud.
- The gospels, on the other hand, indicate that Jesus was born during the Census of Quirinius, which took place 10 years after Herod’s death, which runs counter to this supposition.
- The majority of experts believe Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33 AD, which corresponds to 1985 to 1988.
- In a Spanish church, an actor portraying Jesus is on the stage (Picture: Getty) The length of his ministry (which came to an abrupt stop with his crucifixion) has been estimated to have been roughly three years.
- The Synoptic Gospels, on the other hand, only mention one Passover during Christ’s ministry, implying that he was only around for a year after being baptized.
- It’s true that this is disputed on the basis of many contradicting elements in religious scriptures, but historians are only ever fighting over a few years in his age when they make this claim.
- MORE:What causes the color of ostrich flesh to be red?
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What year did Jesus come into the world? You might be surprised by the response. You could believe that Jesus was born in the Year Zero–somewhere between the years 1 B.C.
and 1 A.D. It is often believed that Jesus was born about 6-7 B.C. The evidence from the Bible and the Church Fathers, on the other hand, points to a different year for the event. Here’s what the evidence has to say about it.
Not in Year Zero
Because there was no year zero in which to give birth to Jesus, there is a compelling reason why he did not. The sequence of years preceding Christ comes to an end with the year 1 B.C., and the series of years following Christ begins the very next year with the year 1 A.D. Since we’re used to dealing with number lines that have zeros on them, this comes as something of a surprise to us. However, zero was not a notion on the intellectual landscape at the time when our system of calculating years was devised.
- The first year before the kid’s birth would be designated as 1 B.C.
- If the kid turns out to be the Lord, then would be the first year of the Lord, which is known in Latin as Anno Domini, and is the source of the abbreviation A.D.
- and 1 A.D.
- This would be equivalent to writing “2013 A.D.” which would be “2013 The Year of the Lord,” which is nonsense.) So, what year did Jesus come into the world?
The monk Dionysius Exiguus (also known as “Dennis the Short”), who lived in the 6th century, is credited with inventing the modern calendar. He appears to have believed that Christ was born in the year 1 B.C. (really, it’s a little more complicated than that, but we’ll keep it easy for now). Today, most people believe that this date was set a few years too late and that the evidence points to a date set a few years earlier.
Historically, the concept that Jesus was born about 6-7 B.C. has been widespread for somewhat more than a century. The explanation behind this is as follows: Jesus was born late in Herod the Great’s reign, which ended in 4 B.C. Furthermore, the wise men were able to see the star rise in the east two years before they arrived in Jerusalem, where they met King Herod of Israel. Take four BC and forward it forward two years to obtain six BC. Add another year to account for the possibility that Herod did not die soon after they arrived, and you get 7 B.C.
However, as we discussed in a recent piece, there are significant flaws in the reasons used to support the claim that Herod died in 4 BCE.
Let’s use the same rationale as before and substitute the more plausible date of Herod’s death for the original. The evidence, as we discussed in a previous piece, leads to himdying as occurring in 1 BC.
So, if you go back two years from there, you have three B. C. To account for cushion, add another year, and you get 4 B.C. As a result, 3-4 B.C. That is not an unrealistic estimate, but there are two problems with it: first, it is based on a flawed assumption.
- Several of its assumptions are incorrect
- For example, Other evidence, including information from the Bible, argues that it’s a bit too soon to declare victory
The problematic assumptions are that the star was initially visible in the east at the time of Jesus’ birth and that it was visible for a full two years previous to the arrival of the magi, both of which are incorrect. The first of these assumptions is problematic for a variety of reasons, one of which is that its presence may be associated with another event in Jesus’ life, such as his conception. You’d have to go back nine months if that were the case in order to pinpoint the exact moment of his birth.
- What he claims is that Herod slaughtered all of the infant boys in Bethlehem who were two years old or younger, in accordance with the period he learned during the magi’s visit.
- Herod would undoubtedly want to be certain that the kid was dead, and he would err on the side of.
- In other words, he would grossly underestimate the age of the infant in order to be certain of annihilating him completely.
- That suggests Jesus was at the very least two years old, but he was most likely far younger.
- It should be noted that in ancient times, sections of a year were sometimes treated as a complete year in their calculations, thus “two years” may really imply “one year plus part of another year” in their counting.
The year 2 B.C. would be suggested if we started with Herod’s death in 1 B.C. and then, taking into consideration the facts listed above, backed up merely one year, indicating the year 2 B.C. So, if we go back another year to account for the fact that Herod did not die immediately, that would put the date in the 3rd century B.C. As a result, based on what we read in Matthew, it would be plausible to place the event between 2-3 B.C. Is there any other evidence that points to this date being correct?
The Gospel of Luke
Despite the fact that Luke provides some useful hints concerning the time of Jesus’ birth, we don’t know enough about the event to be able to make full use of them. For example, the date of the enrolment ordered by Augustus is notoriously contentious and far too intricate to delve into in this section of the article. Later hints he provides in his gospel, on the other hand, are highly fascinating. John the Baptist began his ministry in “the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar,” for example, according to what he writes (3:1).
- resulted in Tiberius becoming emperor.
- According to this method of calculation, the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar corresponds to what we now refer to as A.D.
- (Please keep in mind that the 15th year is the period of time between the completion of the 14th year and the completion of the 15th year, just as a child’s first year is the period of time between his birth and his first birthday.
- It may be a few weeks or months at most.
- So, if you start with A.D.
- You would suppose that Tiberius’ rule began in 1 B.C., but keep in mind that there is no such thing as a Year Zero, so it would really be 2 B.C.
- if Luke was calculating Tiberius’ reign from the day he became emperor rather than from the first of January in the following year.
- is a realistic approximation.
- To provide a point of reference, consider that when Luke discusses the age of Jairus’s daughter, he states that she was “about twelve” years old (Lk 8:42).
When Luke says Jesus was “around thirty,” he is most likely not referring to a range between 25 and 35 years old, but rather to a range that is shorter than that.) It would be helpful if we knew an exact year of Jesus’ birth to validate our estimate, and we do in fact have an exact year of Jesus’ birth.
The Fathers Know Best
Early Christian sources are unanimous in their estimation of the year of Jesus’ birth, which is surprising. Adapted from Jack Finegan’s excellentHandbook of Biblical Chronology(p. 291), the following table presents dates provided by several sources:
|The Alogoi||4 B.C.orA.D. 9|
|Cassiodorus Senator||3 B.C.|
|St. Irenaeus of Lyon||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|St. Clement of Alexandria||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|Tertullian of Carthage||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|Julius Africanus||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|St. Hippolytus of Rome||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|“Hippolytus of Thebes”||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|Origen of Alexandria||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|Eusebius of Caesarea||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|Epiphanius of Salamis||3 B.C. or 2 B.C.|
|Dionysius Exiguus||1 B.C.|
|The Chronographer of the Year 354||A.D. 1|
As you can see, with the exception of a few outliers (such as our prominent buddy Dionysius Exiguus), there is significant support for Jesus’ birth in either 3 or 2 B.C., depending on who you ask. Please keep in mind that some of the sources included in this table are fairly old. Tertullian, Julius Africanus, and Hippolytus of Rome were all writers who lived in the late 100s or early 200s, including Irenaeus of Lyon and Clement of Alexandria. As a result of thorough readings of Matthew and Luke, as well as the writings of the Church Fathers, we have substantial evidence that Jesus was born around the third or second century B.C.
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What Year Was Jesus Actually Born?
Do you think that if our calendar is divided into B.C. (before Christ) and A.D. (anno Domini, the year of our Lord), it doesn’t follow that Jesus was born in the first year (since we don’t consider year zero)? Actually, the situation is a little more complicated than that. It wasn’t until the 6th Century that a monk by the name of Dionysius attempted to calculate the exact date of Christ’s birth that the calendar was set to begin with the birth of the Savior. He determined that Jesus was born in the 753rd year of the Roman Empire, based on the Scriptures and historical material at his disposal.
1,” and we continued to add years from there.
Scholars were able to determine that Jesus was born a few years later than previously assumed by examining fresh facts connected to the chronological markers supplied in Scripture.
What year was Jesus born? Here’s why many scholars say Jesus was born between 5 and 6 B.C.
However, despite the fact that the Gospel authors were not particularly concerned with documenting an exact chronological timeline of Jesus’ life and ministry, we may still approximate several significant dates by correlating historical markers with passages from Scripture.
Calculating the Year Jesus Was Born
In those days, Caesar Augustus issued an edict requiring that all of the world’s inhabitants be registered. When Quirinius was governor of Syria, this was the first time a register was made. And they all went to their respective towns to get registered. And Joseph traveled from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is known as Bethlehem because he was descended from the family and lineage of David, in order to be registered with Mary, his fiancée, who was pregnant.
- Even though there is considerable scholarly disagreement on the subject, many historians assume that Quirinius’ proclamation of the census took place in 8 BCE, and that it would have taken a couple of years for the order to be put into effect.
- The family of Jesus went to Egypt and remained there until Herod was killed.
- This suggests that Jesus would have been born sometime between 8 B.C.
- This allows for the determination of a birth date in the 5th or 6th centuries BC.
Checking the Math
Clearly, Jesus’ birth in any yearBefore Christ(B.C.) is earlier than we would predict given the circumstances. Is it possible that this is correct? Is there a technique to double-check the math that I may use? Fortunately, there is one. We can observe how this date for Jesus’ birth corresponds to other chronological markers in the Bible. For example, does this figure make sense when you include Jesus’ ministry and crucifixion as well as his death?
John the Baptist Begins His Ministry
During the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign, with Pontius Pilate as governor of Judea, Herod as tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip serving as tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, as well as Lysanias serving as tetrarch of Abilene, 2 the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness, during the high priesthood of Anna Luke 3:1-2 is a biblical passage.
Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus was the Roman emperor. This section describes how John the Baptist began his ministry as “the voice of one weeping in the desert: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord.'” It also mentions how he came to be known as “the voice of one crying in the wilderness.” As previously stated, it refers to the 15th year of Tiberius’ rule, which started when he became co-emperor with Augustus in A.D.
26, and it helps us understand when John started his preaching.
Jesus’ Earthly MinistryDeath
The age of Jesus when he began his public ministry was around thirty years. Luke 3:23 (NIV) According to the Gospel of Luke, Jesus was around 30 years old when He began His public ministry. There are at least three Passovers mentioned in the Gospel of John during Christ’s ministry (John 2:23; 6:4; 12:1). According to this, His earthly mission must have lasted at least two years. It’s extremely likely that it lasted over three years in all. In other words, since Jesus’ career began around the year A.D.
According to Luke 3:23, Jesus would have been between the ages of 34 and 36 at the time of his death. If Jesus was between the ages of 34 and 36 when he died in A.D. 29-30, this would place his birth somewhere between 5 and 6 B.C.
Whoah, Woah, Woah. Wasn’t Jesus 33 when He died?
Many, if not the majority of us, have heard sermons in which it is said that Jesus was 33 years old at the time of His death. The difficulty is that Scripture does not expressly state this in this manner. Among the factors that led to this conclusion were estimates that Jesus’ career lasted around three years and that Jesus was approximately thirty years old when he began His ministry (Luke 3:23). Two things should be kept in mind: First and foremost, scholarly estimations are subject to error, but Scripture is not.
- To begin with, it would not be wrong for Luke to state that Jesus was “about 30 years old” if He was actually 31 or even 33 years old.
- Is there anyone else that agrees with these times?
- Lea and David Alan Black, is the primary source of the material presented above.
- Other academics have come to similar results in their research.
When Jesus began His ministry, Andreas Köstenberger and Justin Taylor speculate that He was between the ages of 33 and 35, and when He was crucified, they write in The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived that he was between the ages of 36 and 38.
Almost all of us, if not all of us, have heard sermons in which it is said that Jesus was 33 at the time of His death. The difficulty is that Scripture does not expressly state something in that manner. According to current estimates, Jesus’ ministry lasted around three years, and at the time of his initiation into it, he was approximately thirty years old (Luke 3:23). Please keep the following in mind: According to the experts’ estimations, Scripture is not infallible, although assessments made by scholars are.
- Second, it would not be wrong for Luke to state that Jesus was “around 30 years old” if He was actually 31 or even 33 at the time of his death.
- Is there anyone else that agrees with the dates shown above.
- Lea and David Alan Black’s work, The New Testament: Its Background and Message, contains a great deal of the information presented above and is highly recommended.
- Doctor Harold Hoerner of Dallas Theological Seminary contends in Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ that Jesus was born about 4 or 5 BCE and that He was 37-38 years old at the time of His death (here’s a brief overview of his arguments).
When Jesus began His ministry, Andreas Köstenberger and Justin Taylor speculate that He was between the ages of 33 and 35, and when He was killed, they write in The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived.
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Jesus was not born in Year Zero
Time measurement can be difficult to master. Leaving aside the philosophical and metaphysical complexities that Augustine exhaustively considered in his celebrated meditation on time in the final books of his Confessions, the history of how history itself is made (and, consequently, of how time is measured, divided, and kept track of) is complicated, intricate, and elaborate, to say the least. In that exact same history, it can only be determined by examining some watershed moments or inflection points in particular — notably, any recorded occasions in which a particular calendar or any other specific measurement system is being employed.
One of those inflection moments (and, in many ways, the inflection point) that has defined how we think about history (and, consequently, how we measure time) is the division of history into two periods: before Christ and after Christ.
If this is the case, one could be inclined to believe that Jesus was born in the year zero.
Does this imply that Jesus was born on December 25, the first year of the Common Era?
How could Christ have been born a week before the birth of Christ?
The day after December 31st of the year 1before Christ is already January 1st of the year 1 after Christ.
It is said that his given name, Dionysius Exiguus, is a pun in and of itself: theexiguouswould suggest that he “fallen short” in his predictions.
However, he does not explain how he came up with thiscomputus—which is Latin for calculation—in this passage.
There are two more issues to consider.
This is because the authors are more concerned with doctrinal and theological substance than they are with supplying the reader with minute historical specifics.
For example, the Gospel of Luke implicitly suggests that Jesus may have been born either during the reign of King Herod or, maybe, shortly following.
When alluding to the birth of Jesus, he instead references Quirinius, who was then governor of Syria under Caesar Augustus at the time of Jesus’ birth (Cf.
“Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea during the reign of King Herod,” according to Matthew’s account.
2:16.) Now, historical evidence indicates that Herod the Great died in Jericho in the year 4 BC, so it’s possible that Dionysius made a blunder in his calculations.
Others think Matthew chose to have Jesus’ birth take place under Herod the Great’s reign in order to tie it in with the infanticide known as the Massacre of the Innocents (Mt 2:14) and to provide justification for the Flight into Egypt.
To complete the problem, we’d have to look at other sections that provided us with various bits of the puzzle.
According to the Gospel of Luke, Jesus was around 30 years old when he began his ministry (Cf.
It gets even better: according to him, all of this occurred during “the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s rule” (Cf.
In AD 14, Tiberius’ rule started, according to historical records.
Assuming that Jesus was 30 years old when he began his ministry in the 15th year of Tiberius’ reign, we must remove 15 from 30 (which is 15), and then subtract 14 from that number (which is the year of Tiberius’ investiture) to get at the correct answer.
This is most likely the exact same math that Saint Dionysius performed.
To begin with, according to Luke, Jesus was around 30 years old.
Nevertheless, according to Luke’s account, Jesus was not born at Nazareth, but in Bethlehem, as a result of Quirinius’ Census, which required Joseph to return to his birthplace.
Now, there is one more piece of historical knowledge that we should look into further.
However, we are not informed how old Jesus was at the time of his execution.
However, there is no indication in the gospels that Jesus spent three years preaching.
Jn 2:13; 6:4; and 11:55).
In any event, if we deduct 30 years from the years of Pilate’s administration, we arrive at the conclusion that Jesus was born around the year 6 or 7 before the birth of Christ.
Whatever the case, what is significant is that a kid is born to us either before or after Christ (but not in Year Zero) at some point in time (Cf. Is. 9:6).