April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.
However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.
No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.
The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began
In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.
Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).
So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.
The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began
Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.
The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”
The Length of Jesus’s Ministry
To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:
- In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
- In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
- And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
- 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)
This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.
If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.
The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:
|Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)
|John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified
Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover
It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.
Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.
|Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall)
|Day of Passover preparation
|Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall)
|Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins
|Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall)
|Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall)
|First day of the week
The computations in the preceding section may look difficult, but in a nutshell, the reasoning goes as follows:
|Beginning of Tiberius’s reign
|Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry
|A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry
|Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion
|AD 33 (April 3)
While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.
As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.
Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.
Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position. Andreas Köstenberger and he have written a book together called The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week in the Life of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived (Crossway, 2014).
In what appears to be a unique piece of physical proof of the crucifixion, the technique used to killJesus Christ has been discovered. According to the Bible, scientists have discovered incisions on the heel of a man who was buried around 2,000 years ago in northern Italy that imply he was nailed to a wooden cross before he died, which they believe was in accordance with the Bible. After discovering the skeleton remains of a guy laying on his back with his arms at his sides and his legs spread while excavating a site in Gavello, a town in Italy’s Po Valley about 60 miles from Venice, archaeologists determined that the man had died in the Po Valley.
- When experts from the universities of Ferrara and Florence examined the remains more thoroughly, they discovered a lesion on one of the heel bones as well as an unhealed fracture on the other.
- That is, it is possible that the man’s feet were nailed to a hard surface (such as a wooden cross) just before he died, as evidenced by the nail marks on his feet.
- This image is courtesy of the Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti ed Ambiente for the Provinces of Verona, Rovigo, and Vicenza.
- As recorded in the Bible, Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem, which was then under Roman administration, at the outset of the Christian period, somewhere between the years A.D.
- According to the findings of the new study, Romans mostly reserved the protracted and excruciating mode of death by crucifixion for slaves, but they also used it on revolutionaries (such as Jesus), foreigners, criminals, military deserters, and other misfits from society on rare occasions.
- In addition, his diminutive build implies that he may have been an undernourished slave, and his burial was devoid of the traditional rituals associated with ancient Roman funerals—which would make sense if he had been executed.
“However, the marginalization of his interment implies that he was most likely a dangerous or defamed character in Roman society.” The crucified man’s heel bone, complete with the iron nail that punctured their bone, was discovered in 1968.
Greek archaeologist Vassilio Tzaferis discovered a 7-inch nail still attached to a small piece of olive wood inside the heel bone of a man who was discovered in one of the tombs.
In the case of the Gavello remains, the authors of the current research acknowledge that their conclusions are not as definitive as they would have liked.
They have also discovered no indication that the wrists of the condemned were affixed to the cross, as was typical practice throughout the Roman era of crucifixion.
Because to the poor state of the bones, the researchers were unable to conduct radiocarbon dating procedures on the remains.
Although the bones were discovered among layers of Roman-era remains, the researchers were able to properly deduce that the individual was executed around 2,000 years ago, which placed his killing roughly within the same time period as Jesus’ crucifixion.
1,981 Years Ago Today: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
Crucifixion, the technique by which Jesus Christ was killed, has been discovered in what appears to be unusual tangible evidence of the event. The Bible says a man was nailed to a wooden cross before he died, and according to experts, wounds discovered on the heel of a man buried in northern Italy about 2,000 years ago imply he was. After discovering the skeleton remains of a man laying on his back with his arms at his sides and his legs spread while excavating a site near Gavello, a town in Italy’s Po Valley about 60 miles from Venice, researchers determined that the guy had died in a pipeline accident.
- A lesion and a fracture on one of the heel bones were discovered by experts from the universities of Ferrara and Florence when they examined the remains more attentively.
- That is, it is possible that the man’s feet were nailed to a hard surface (such as a wooden cross) just before he died, and that this occurred shortly before his death.
- Image courtesy of the Provinces of Verona, Rovigo, and Vicenza’s Soprintendenza Archeology, Fine Arts, and Landscape.
- 30 is regarded by Christians as the beginning of the Christian period, when Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem, which was then under Roman power.
- According to the findings of the new study, Romans mostly reserved the protracted and excruciating mode of death by crucifixion for slaves, but they also used it on revolutionaries (such as Jesus), foreigners, criminals, military deserters, and other misfits from society on occasion.
- Given his diminutive stature, it’s likely he was a slave who was malnourished, and his burial was devoid of the traditional rituals of ancient Roman funerals, which would make sense given that he had been executed.
He was apparently seen as dangerous or defamed in Roman society, according to the burial marginalization, which suggests that he was.
Zev Radovan/BibleLandPictures is credited with this photograph.
Greek archaeologist Vassilio Tzaferis discovered a 7-inch nail still attached to a small piece of olive wood inside the heel bone of a man who was discovered in one of the tombs.
The authors of the current study acknowledge that their conclusions are not as definitive in the instance of the Gavello remains as they would have liked.
The researchers have also discovered no indication that the wrists of the condemned were affixed to the cross, as was typical practice throughout the Roman era.
The researchers were also unable to employ radiocarbon dating procedures due to the poor state of the bones.
Although the bones were discovered among layers of Roman-era remains, the researchers were able to reasonably deduce that the individual was executed around 2,000 years ago, which puts his killing roughly within the same time period as Jesus’ crucifixion.
I don’t understand why the death of Jesus almost 2,000 years ago makes any difference to me right now.
If Jesus’ death had been merely a terrible occurrence that brought an average man’s life to an end, you would be correct in assuming that it would make little difference to us today. After all, what if Jesus was more than just an ordinary mortal? Consider the possibility that He is, in fact, who the Bible claims He is: the divine Son of God, sent from heaven to redeem us from our sins. So, what if His death wasn’t just a terrible accident, but rather a crucial element of God’s everlasting plan to make our redemption possible?
- In fact, when Jesus died on the cross, this is exactly what occurred.
- Specifically, the Bible states that this individual “was delivered into your possession as a result of God’s predetermined plan and foreknowledge” (Acts 2:23).
- What Jesus did on the cross 2,000 years ago is still relevant today, just as the individuals who signed our nation’s Declaration of Independence more than 200 years ago accomplished something that is still relevant today.
- He died because God loves us and wants us to spend eternity with Him in the presence of the Father in heaven.
How many years has it been since Jesus came and died on the cross.
As discussed below, a variety of approaches have been used to estimate the year of Jesus’ death, including information from the canonical gospels, information from the New Testament’s chronology of Paul the Apostle’s life correlated with historical events, and information from various astronomical models. Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea from 26 to 36 AD/CE, is credited with crucifying Jesus, according to the four gospels. According to the Jewish historian Josephus, who wrote in Antiquities of the Jews (c.
116 AD/CE), Pilate ordered Jesus’ execution.
In order to determine the year of Paul’s conversion, we must work backwards from the well-established date of his trial before Gallio in Achaea, Greece, (Acts 18:12-17) around 51-52 AD/CE, the meeting with Priscilla and Aquila, who may have been expelled from Rome around 49 AD/CE, and the 14-year period before returning to Jerusalem in Galatians 2:1.
Isaac Newton was one of the first astronomers to make an educated guess on the date of the crucifixion, and he proposed Friday, April 3, 34 AD/CE as the most likely date.
Schaefer in 1990 and was determined to be Friday, April 3, 33 AD/CE.
Pratt proposed the year 33 AD/CE as a possible solution. Humphreys and Waddington came to the conclusion that the crucifixion took place on Friday, April 3, 33 AD/CE by employing a lunar eclipse model, which was an entirely new method from the previous approach.
We are in the End of 6000 years Since Creation
We have reached the end of the 6000-year period. Since the beginning of time We have reached the conclusion of the 6000-year period since the beginning of time. We are on the verge of entering the Millennium Reign. It is time to repent for the kingdom of god is at hand. God created for 6 days and rested on the 7th day, during which time he did the following:
- The six days of creation represent 6000 years since the beginning of time to the time when Jesus Christ comes to establish His reign on Earth. The seventh day is the Sabbath, which represents the 1000 years during which Jesus Christ will reign on earth
- This is known as the Millennium Reign.
See the Genesis 7-day creation prophesy for more information (God 7000 years plan)
We are in the End of 6000 years since creation
The time span between Adam and Abraham is considered to be 2000 years. It is anticipated that it will take another 2000 years to go from Abraham to Jesus. It will take another 2000 years from the time of Jesus till His return. As a result, the time span between Adam’s creation and Jesus’ final return to the planet is 6000 years. Christ will return after 6000 years and govern for 1000 years, ending the millennium (the Millennium Reign). Because of God’s design, the world and heaven both reach the end of their allotted 7000 years, and immediately after this first earth and heaven pass away, a new earth and heaven are formed with Jesus Christ reigning eternally on the earth and in the heavens.
When is the end of 6000 years since creation?
The temporal span between Abraham and Jesus is considered to be 2000 years. But what time period should we choose for Jesus? Do you want to know the date of His birth or the date of His death? The whole Bible message is centered on Jesus’ death on the cross. Take a look at what the gospel is. The crucifixion was the place where mankind was saved, the evil kingdom was conquered, and the church was birthed, all at the same time. Take a look at what the church is like. We measure time in relation to or from Jesus’ death on the cross, rather than in relation to His birth.
- Take a look at the reality behind Christmas Day The reason why Jews do not celebrate Christmas on December 25th but do so with great fervor on Passover (importance).
- Ex 12:2 (King James Version): This month will mark the beginning of the month for you, and it will also mark the beginning of the calendar year for you.
- In Exodus 12:5, your lamb must be without blemish, a male of the first year; ye must take it from among the flocks of sheep or from the herds of goats.
- It was at this period that Israel was freed from Egyptian servitude.
- A symbolic representation of the lamb who takes away the sins of the world (John 1:29) and the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross, which freed humanity from slavery.
- Furthermore, the 70-week period between Israel and Jerusalem begins before the final seven weeks of the great tribulation.
- See the church age in the prophesy of Daniel’s 70-week period.
That the old has come to an end and a new has begun.
As a result, while counting the remaining 2000 years, we begin from the moment Jesus (God) was crucified.
The Bible is quiet regarding the day Jesus was crucified, although it does provide some hints as to what happened that day.
We can get to the year 2028 if we take the year 28 AD as the year in which Jesus died on the cross and add the remaining 2000 years to that date (the year for the end of 6000 years since creation).
2000 years have passed since the beginning of time.
This corresponds exactly with the year 2028, which is the year in which the fig tree generation will come to an end.
Take the year 33 AD as the year Jesus died on the cross and add the remaining 2000 years, we arrive at the year 2033, according to the Gregorian calendar.
2000 years have passed since the beginning of time.
As a result, the conclusion of the 6000-year period from the beginning of time will occur between the years 2028 and 2033, and Jesus Christ will return for the Battle of Armageddon and to establish His 1000-year rule.
The five-year gap between 2028 and 2033 is represented by the year 2028.
Though the date of Jesus’ death on the cross is debatable, May 14th, 1948, is generally accepted as the date on which Israel became a sovereign nation and the day on which the fig tree sprouted is set.
How many years are remaining to the end of 6000 years since creation?
According to our estimations, the 6000 years since creation will come to an end between the years 2028 and 2033. There are 14 years left until the year 2028 (i.e., from 2028 to 2014). The number of years left till the year 2033 (2033 – 2014) is 19 years. As a result, from now (2014), an estimated 14 to 19 years remain till the conclusion of the 6000-year period since the beginning of time. And it is estimated that between 7 and 12 years will go between the rapture and the commencement of the great tribulation.
Even if they are mistakes, the years provide us with the opportunity to see them through to completion.
It has been shown to me that Antichrist is alive and well at this very moment, rising to take his promised place and lead the world to the great tribulation and Armageddon conflict, as foretold.
Indeed, we have reached the conclusion of the 6000-year period since the beginning of time.
Daniel’s sage advice The same way that Daniel understood the number of years specified by the Lord through Jeremiah the prophet that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem (Dan 9:2), I understand the number of years specified for all to be fulfilled by the same books that Daniel understood the number of years specified by the Lord through Jeremiah the prophet.
- Because we, the children of light, are aware of the season in which Jesus Christ will come.
- We do not, however, know the day or the hour of Jesus Christ’s second coming.
- Rev 3:3 (NIV): Take note of how you have received and heard, then hold firm to your convictions and repent.
- Christians should be on the lookout for one another.
- As Jesus said to me, “I AM coming,” I am telling you that Jesus is coming!
How Long Was Jesus on the Cross?
Anyone who is familiar with the Easter story recognizes that Jesus’ death on the cross was a terrible event for a variety of reasons, including his humanity. There are few things that can be said about the crucifixion that do not make you cringe at the physical and mental suffering that Jesus went through, let alone witnessing it in person through a Passion Play or film such as “The Passion of the Christ.” Although we are familiar with the events surrounding Jesus’ death on the crucifixion, we may not fully comprehend the length of time Jesus was forced to suffer the agony and humiliation of the cross.
- We can, however, discover the solution by investigating the Easter tale through the lens of numerous stories in the Gospels.
- on a wooden beam and then hanged on a cross for three hours: 22They took Jesus to a spot known as Golgotha (which literally translates as “the place of the skull”).
- 24And then they nailed him to the cross.
- 25 It was nine o’clock in the morning when they nailed Jesus on the cross.
- And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake.
- When he had finished speaking, he took his last breath.
- As a result, Jesus was crucified for almost 6 hours.
- According to historical records, it was customary for victims of Roman crucifixions to remain on their crosses for two or three days before succumbing to their injuries and dying.
- So, what caused Jesus to die in such a short period of time, only six hours?
- One hypothesis is that Jesus was subjected to a tremendous amount of suffering and abuse at the hands of the Roman soldiers before being nailed on the cross of Calvary.
- What ever the circumstance may be, we must never forget that nothing was taken away from Jesus on the cross.
All He did was offer His life consciously and freely so that everyone might have an equal shot at experiencing forgiveness from the consequences of their sins and spending an eternity with God in paradise. This is the gospel’s message to the world.
In what year did Jesus die?
QuestionAnswer The death of Jesus and the subsequent resurrection of Jesus are the most significant events in human history since the beginning of time. God used the death of Christ to reconcile people who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin and “presentedholy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation” (Colossians 1:21–22) those who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin. And God has compassionately “given us new birth into a live hope” as a result of Christ’s resurrection (1 Peter 1:3).
- We can, however, figure it out with a reasonable degree of precision.
- It is believed that Herod the Great died in 4 BC, which corresponds to the death of Herod the Great, who served as procurator of Judaea from 47 BC to 4 BC.
- It is possible to identify the year in which Jesus died based on a variety of different criteria.
- In the year AD 14, Tiberius was proclaimed emperor.
- Pontius Pilate is believed to have governed Judea between AD 26 and AD 36.
- There is also an argument for a more recent date (April 7, AD 30), which is based on the fact that John the Baptist’s ministry began more recently (and an assumed co-regency of Tiberias and Augustus).
- Even while a great deal has transpired on the international stage since Christ’s time, nothing has ever surpassed the scope and significance of what occurred in AD 33—the death and resurrection of the Savior of the world.
How old was Jesus when He died?
QuestionAnswer The Bible does not specify how old Jesus was at the time of His death. Furthermore, neither the date of Jesus’ birth nor the date of His death is specified in the Bible. This makes ascertaining the exact age of Jesus at the time of His death difficult. Please review our articles on “What year was Jesus Christ born? ” and “What year did Jesus die? ” for more information. Following the narrative recounted in the New Testament, particularly the Gospel of Luke, and comparing it with Roman history, we may deduce that Jesus was born between 6 and 4 BC, which places him in the vicinity of King Herod’s death at the time.
- As a further step, we must ascertain the date on which Jesus’ ministry officially began.
- Jesus was about 33 years old when He was baptized and began His ministry, which occurred somewhere around AD 29.
- Based on the number of Passover feasts that Jesus observed throughout His public ministry—three of which are named in Scripture—it is estimated that He was in the ministry for around three and a half years total.
- As a result, it is probable that Jesus was crucified around the year AD 33.
- In addition, both of these dates correspond to historical evidence that Pontius Pilate ruled Judea from AD 26 to AD 36 and Caiaphasthe high priest served until AD 36.) Using the arithmetic, 5 BC to 1 BC = 4 years, and AD 1 to AD 33 = 33 years, for a total of 37 years.
- Jesus died when He was between the ages of 33 and 39 years old, depending on the exact date of His birth and the year in which He began His public ministry, according to various sources.
Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) What was Jesus’ age at the time of His death?
7 Clues Tell Us *Precisely* When Jesus Died (the Year, Month, Day, and Hour Revealed)
When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be? Is it possible to pinpoint the precise date? We are in the midst of our yearly commemoration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which began on Easter Sunday. All of us are aware that something like this occurred in Jerusalem during the first century. That distinguishes Jesus from mythological pagan deities, who were said to have lived in places and at times that no one could pinpoint precisely. When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be?
We have the ability to do so.
Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas
According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.
Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate
In accordance with the scriptures, Jesus was killed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest who served in the first century (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on other sources, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death within that time period. However, we may be a little more explicit about what we mean. That and a whole deal more!
Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”
The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.
Clue4: Crucified on a Friday
There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), immediately before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they required for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.
According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).
In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.
The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer. Pesaim iv. 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation). There were still a significant number of Fridays between A.D. 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated. Is it possible to figure out which one it is?
Clue5: A Friday at Passover
It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.
- It was still early in the morning.
- As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
- There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
- Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
- In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
- No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
- The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D.
- Monday, April 18, the year 29
- Friday, April 7, the year 30
- Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
- Monday, April 14, the year 32
- Friday, April 3, the year 33
- Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
- Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
- And Saturday, March 31, the year 36
As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?
Clue6: John’s Three Passovers
So, as you can see, we’re down to only two remaining candidates: Either on April 7, A.D. 30, or on April 3, A.D. 33, Jesus was crucified, depending on which date you believe in.
So, which one did it happen to be. Traditionally, the year A.D. 33 is used as the date. People who believe that the year 30 A.D. should be observed are numerous today. What do the gospels say about our ability to choose between the two options?
- Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.
That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.
The numbers don’t add up in this case.
Is it possible to be any more specific?
Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”
Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.
This is the exact moment it occurred.
MySecret Information Club invites you to become a member if you enjoy the information I’ve provided here on my website. The Secret Information Club, if you’re not familiar with it, is a free service that I provide only through electronic mail. On a range of intriguing issues related to the Catholic faith, I send out information to my subscribers. If you sign up, you will receive information on what Pope Benedict has stated regarding the book of Revelation as one of the very first things you’ll receive.
If you’re interested in learning more about them, just sign up using this convenient sign-up form: If you have any problems, please contact me through email.
The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.
When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
Click HERE to download your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide -Praying Through Holy Week. Create your own copy of this wonderful daily devotional to use in the weeks leading up to Easter.
What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.
In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.
Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.
- Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
- Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
- Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.
“With regard to every one of the chronological questions, there is a case to be formed on both sides of the argument,” he continues. I am convinced that the year 33 A.D. “I teach the life of Jesus within the framework of that structure.”
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20).