How Long Between Moses And Jesus

Chronological Index of the Years and Times from Adam unto Christ

The following chronology is based on the first edition of the King James translation of the Bible, which was produced by Philadelphia printer Matthew Carey in 1801 and is credited to him. The chronology provided is mostly based on Rev. James Ussher’sAnnals of the World, which was first published in 1658 and is still in print today. Ussher’s chronology divided the history of the universe into six ages, beginning with creation and ending with the destruction of Jerusalem. While Carey’s Bible contains a header indicating the First Age, no such heading is seen in the subsequent eras.

This is supported by the Scriptures, which are drawn from a variety of authors.

From the time of Adam until the time of Noah’s flood are the years 1656.

Enos was born to Seth, who lived 105 years.

  1. Cainan had Mahaleel when he was 70 years old.
  2. Enoch was born to Jared when he was 162 years old.
  3. Lamech was born to Methuselah when he was 187 years old.
  4. According to the seventh chapter of Genesis, Noah was 600 years old at the time of the flood’s arrival.
  5. From the time of the aforementioned deluge of Noah until Abraham’s departure from Chaldea, 422 years and 10 days had elapsed.
  6. In the following two years, Shem (who was Noah’s son) gave birth to Arphaxad.
  7. Salah, who was 30 years old at the time of conception, gave birth to Eber.

Peleg had Reu when he was 30 years old.

Nahor was born to Serug when he was 30 years old.

Terah had Abram when she was 130 years old.

These are 422 years and 10 days, according to the records.

When Isaac was 60 years old, he had a son named Jacob.

Then subtract 80 years from this figure, because Moses was 80 years old when he led the Israelites out of Egypt.

Amram was born to the Kohath when he was 67 years old.

As a result, the 430 years referenced in the 12th chapter of Exodus and the 3rd chapter of Galatians are included in this chronology.

Moses spent 40 years in the desert, often known as the wilderness.

Ehud is 80 years old.

Gideon has been alive for 40 years.

Tola is 23 years old.

It wasn’t until the 18th year of Jephthah that they were able to recruit a captain.

Ibzan is seven years old.

Abdon is eight years old.

Heli served as a judge and a priest for four years.

David reigned as king for 40 years.

This corresponds to the 480 years recorded in Chapter VI of the first book of Kings.

Solomon ruled for a total of 36 years.

Abija is three years old.

Jehoshaphat has been alive for 25 years.

Ahaziah has been alive for one year.

Joash is 40 years old.

Uzziah is 52 years old.

Ahaz is 16 years old.

Manasses has been alive for 55 years.

Josiah is 31 years old.

Eliakim is eleven years old.

The Babylonian captivity begins at this point in time.

After 70 years of Babylonian captivity, Jerusalem was re-edified and rebuilt from the ground up.

During the first year of Cyrus’ reign, the children of Israel were delivered.

After Darius had reigned for 20 years, Nehemiah was granted his freedom and set out to rebuild the city, which was completed in the 32nd year of the reign of the aforementioned Darius.

The total number of years is seventy-one.

In the ninth chapter of Daniel, it is said that Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and that from that time until the return of Christ, there would be 69 weeks, with each week representing seven years.

5775 years, six months, and those odd ten days are the total number of years from the beginning of the world to the present year of our Lord God 1801, according to this calculation.

Can you give me a basic timeline of the Bible?

QuestionAnswer According to the most fundamental interpretation, the Bible timeline is limitless and everlasting, as it records genesis (date unknown; Genesis 1:1–31) until the end of eras (Revelation 20–23). (Matthew 28:20). The Bible timeline on which most academics agree begins with the summoning of Abram, who was later called “Abraham” by God (Genesis 17:4–6) around the year 2166 BC and concludes roughly 95 years later, with the composition of the book of Revelation in approximately AD 95.

  • Many of the events in the Old and New Testaments take place between the time span between Abraham’s birth and the apostle John’s writing of the book of Revelation, and historical evidence helps to locate them on the biblical timeline.
  • The time of Israel’s ten judges came to an end in 1052 BC, with the beginning of King Saul’s reign, according to the consensus of academics who believe that specific, historically verifiable dates are conceivable.
  • Following King Solomon’s reign, Israel was divided into two kingdoms in 931 BC: the northern kingdom and the southern kingdom.
  • When the Persian King Cyrus ordered Ezra to return to Israel and construct a temple for God in Jerusalem, it was about 538 BC that the exile of Judah came to an end (Ezra 1).
  • The intertestamental period, which lasted around 430 years, is the period that follows on the Bible’s timeline.
  • In the year 5 BC, Jesus Christ, the Messiah of Israel, was born in the town of Bethlehem, Palestine.
  • The following several decades of Jesus’ life are mostly unknown, until a twelve-year-old Jesus amazes the instructors in the temple (Luke 2:40–52), at which point we learn of his miracles.

The duration of Jesus’ ministry was approximately three and a half years.

In the next year, Jesus turned His attention toward Jerusalem, marking the beginning of what would become one of the most momentous events in the Bible’s chronology.

At long last, He was betrayed and jailed before being convicted, crucified, and risen from the dead (Matthew 26:36–28:8).

The Bible chronology continues into the first century AD, when the apostles begin to carry out the Great Commission, as depicted in the Bible.

Even as early as AD 49, or within two decades of Jesus’ death and resurrection, the first book of the New Testament to be written (either Galatians or James) might have been penned.

The book of Revelation, the concluding book of the New Testament, was written by the apostle John around the year AD 95.

Please keep in mind that all dates are estimates.

4000 BC (?) — The beginning of the world 2344 BC (?) — The end of the world — Noah and the ark 2166 BC — The birth of Abram 2066 BC — The birth of Isaac 1526 BC — The birth of Moses 1446 BC — Israel’s exodus from Egypt 1406 BC — Israel’s entrance into the Promised Land 1383 BC — The death of Joshua 1052 BC — The coronation of King Saul 1011–971 BC — The reign of King David 959 BC — The completion of Solomon’s temple 931 BC Questions about the Bible (return to top of page) Could you perhaps provide me with a general timeline of the Bible?

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Bible Timeline

Specifically, the Bible gives a credible historical account of the cosmos and events detailed therein (especially in the first few chapters of Genesis), serving as a framework within which we might understand science and history.

Event Date
Creation 4004 BC
The Flood 2348 BC
Tower of Babel 2246 BC
Abraham 1996 BC
Joseph 1745 BC
Moses and the Exodus 1491 BC
David 1085 BC
Monarchy Divides 975 BC
Assyrian Destruction of Israel 722 BC
Babylonian Captivity of Judah 586 BC
Jesus 4 BC

Timeline of Creation

The age of the world is one of the most controversial questions in the creation/evolution argument, and it is one of the most difficult to resolve. Modern society routinely mocks the notion of creation taking place about 6,000 years ago, which is shared by many non-Christians as well as many Christians.

Timeline of the Flood

When, exactly, did the Flood occur? For the purpose of computing the date, there are two options. The first comes from the beginning, while the second comes from the present.

Do the Genesis Geneologies Have Gaps?

A substantial amount of evidence suggests that the Genesis genealogies are closed. God created Adam on the sixth day of creation, roughly 4,000 years before the birth of Christ. A lack of evidence does not appear to exist to support the assumption that the Genesis genealogies include gaps in their information.

Secular History and the Biblical Timeline

What is the best way to reconcile the secular history of the world with what the Bible plainly teaches about God? We know the pyramids of Egypt could not have been created prior to the beginning of the world because God’s Word is authoritative. In addition, they would not have been constructed before to the Flood since they would have been destroyed by the Flood.

In what ways was Moses similar to Jesus?

The life of Moses is strikingly similar to the life of Jesus in many respects. This foreshadows the role that Jesus will play in bringing redemption to humanity by his deliverance of the Israelites from the Egyptians and his guiding them to the Promised Land that God had prepared for them. As a matter of fact, Moses informed the Israelites, “The LORD your God will rise up for you a prophet like me out of among you, from among your brothers—it is to him that you must pay attention” (Deuteronomy 18:15).

  1. Here are some of the parallels between their respective tales.
  2. In the time of Moses, the Hebrews were slaves in Egypt, and in the time of Jesus, Israel was under the dominion of the Romans.
  3. Pharaoh ordered the slaughter of all Hebrew men in order to keep the population from growing too large.
  4. He was later discovered and adopted by a daughter of Pharaoh, who raised him as her own (Exodus 2).
  5. The parents of Jesus fled to Egypt until Herod was killed (Matthew 2).
  6. In the book of Luke, Jesus is identified as the Son of the Most High (Luke 1:32); He is also known as the King of kings and the Lord of lords (Matthew 28:18-20).
  7. Although He took on human flesh, He was adopted by Joseph and became known as the Son of Joseph (Philippians 2:5–11).
  8. The burning bush was Moses’ first encounter with God, and after some persuading, he was filled with God’s Word and the ability to perform miracles (Exodus 3—4).
See also:  How Many Prophecies Did Jesus Fulfill

In Matthew 3:16–17, the Bible says that when Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist, “the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him,” and that “a voice from heaven said, ‘This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.'” 40 years in the land of Midian, where he learned the Law and fasted, followed by another 40 days and 40 nights of fasting and intercession for the Israelites at various periods (Deuteronomy 9), and another 40 years in the desert, waiting for the Israelites to be allowed to enter the Promised Land.

  1. During his forty-day and forty-night fast in the wilderness, Jesus was able to successfully reject the Devil’s temptation (Matthew 4:1–11).
  2. Both Moses and Jesus served as leaders throughout their respective missions.
  3. He served as a mediator in the establishment of the old covenant between God and the nation of Israel (Deuteronomy 30:15–18), and he was a prophet who delivered God’s Word to the people and performed miracles to demonstrate his authority.
  4. He instructed them in the law and served as a judge for them.
  5. Moses directed the construction of the tabernacle, which served as a dwelling place for God among His people and a place of worship for them.
  6. Jesus came to earth in order to redeem humanity from sin and to bring people into a relationship with God that would remain for all eternity.
  7. Jesus performed miracles in order to fulfill the prophecies of the prophets.

Matthew 5:17 says that Jesus fulfilled the Law, and Matthew 25:31–46 says that Jesus will be the Judge on the last judgment day.

Hebrews 4:14–16; 10:19–23; Matthew 27:50–51 are examples of how Jesus provides us with direct access to God.

He was authoritative in His teaching, and he was strong in the miracles that He performed.

Jesus accepted young children and outcasts into his home.

Similarly, Moses divided the Red Sea (Exodus 14), and Jesus calmed the Sea of Galilee (Mark 4:35–41) and even walked on it (Mark 6:45–52) during his ministry.

(John 4).

God handed Moses the Law on Mount Sinai, and Jesus vowed to carry out the provisions of that Law (Matthew 5:17).

‘For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ,’ says the Bible in John 1:17.

Just as I have loved you, you are to love one another as I have loved you.

Both Moses and Jesus were close to God.

Jesus is theSon of Godand part of theTrinity.

Moses also appeared at the transfiguration.

(Exodus 12).

Both Moses and Jesus came to save their people and were rejected by some of those very people.

While Moses was on Mount Sinai the Israelites returned to their idol worship (Exodus 32).

Jesus was rejected by the majority of the religious leaders as well as some in His hometown (Luke 4:16–30).

Judas, one of thetwelve disciples, betrayed Him (Mark 14:10–11).

All the disciples fled when Jesus was arrested before the crucifixion (Mark 14:50).

The countless comparisons demonstrating the connection between Moses and Jesus is no coincidence.

Moses led the Israelites out of slavery and to the Promised Land.

(Deuteronomy 34).

He will one day return to take us to dwell with Him forever (John 14:1–3; Acts 1:6–11; Philippians 3:20).

God’s ultimate promise of salvation is made complete in Jesus Christ, and it will be fully realized when He returns (2 Peter 3:8–9; Revelation 19—22).

Due to his faith in God he did many amazing things, but ultimately, he was still a sinner in need of forgiveness.

He lived a perfect life and defeated sin.

Let us not make the mistake of putting Moses on a pedestal, but rather look to the one he was pointing us to all along—Jesus Christ.

Related Truth: Who is Jesus Christ? Who was Moses in the Bible? The Mosaic covenant – What is it? What does it mean that Jesus is prophet, priest, and king? The new covenant � What is it? Return to:Truth about People in the Bible


My understanding of the Bible grows as I read it, and I realize that it is not simply a collection of many separate tales, but that it is a collection of many stories that eventually convey one story. Several generations of Christians have viewed the Bible as a collection of old, heroic, and moral stories that inspire and educate us. Is there a way for any of these stories to be related to one another? Is there a common thread that runs across them all? I’m not talking about some strange conspiracy theory about how all Pixar movies take place in the same galaxy (if you haven’t heard of this idea, it’s really very fascinating, but that’s beside the point).

  • Interestingly enough, it was Jesus himself who was the first to clearly establish such a “intersection” or “connection” between all of the events in the Bible—and in an intriguing twist, he argued that every narrative was ultimately abouthimself.
  • Jesus, without a doubt, provides us with the proper glasses for accurately reading and comprehending the Scriptures.
  • Jesus claims that all of these tales eventually point to him, that they are fulfilled in him, and that they find their fuller significance in his larger story.
  • Rather than simply being the fulfillment of these other tales, his narrative is the fulfillment of these other stories in and of itself.
  • It was my intention in writing this blog post to expressly address how the famous Old Testament character Moses looks forward to, foreshadows, and prefigures the coming of Jesus in several ways.
  • Take a look at this: The Pharaoh of Egypt, during the time of Moses, ordered the mass execution of every Hebrew child under the age of two years.
  • Moses led his people out of Egypt in order to redeem them.

He remained in Egypt throughout his childhood.

Moses was born in a straw-thatched basket, floated down a river, and was later adopted by Egyptian royalty after being abandoned by his parents.

Moses grew raised in the palace of Pharaoh, which was the most prestigious position in his society at the time.

Moses was a descendant of the Levites of Israel.

Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, where they had been held captive.

God gave Moses the ten commandments on Mount Sinai, which is where he received them.

Moses was the bearer of the law and the pointer to the gospel.

They were enslaved in Egypt for 400 years, until Moses was born and came to their aid.

Before beginning his ministry to save the Israelites, Moses journeyed through the desert and expressed his skepticism to God.

Despite the fact that Moses was king in Egypt, he gave up his position of authority in order to serve and save an oppressed people.

Incredibly, Moses was both royalty and a slave at the same time, having been born a prince while simultaneously being raised as a Hebrew.

It was a burning bush that God used to communicate with Moses, yet it was not burned by the fire.

The Red Sea was parted by Moses.

A total of 12 spies were chosen by Moses and dispatched into the Promised Land.

In prayer, Moses begged God to supply enough food for the multitudes of Israelites who were starving in the desert; God responded to his appeal by miraculously providing more manna and quail from the skies than they could possible consume.

Jesus implored with God that he would supply enough food for his thousands of disciples so that they would not starve in the countryside; God fulfilled his petition, and Jesus miraculously provided more bread and fish than they could ever consume.

Moses was the first person to receive God’s covenant.

The law was written by Moses, who is also known as the author of the law.

Moses was the first to act as a middleman.

Moses carried the Ark of the Covenant and the improvised tabernacle, which held the presence of God, around with him on his back and shoulders.

A snake was tied to a pole, and anybody who stared at it would be protected from the dreadful snakebites that would otherwise befall them.

The Passover Lamb was initially instituted by Moses in order to absorb the wrath of God.

The Passover Lamb of Moses was just a type of the Passover Lamb of Christ, who would come later.

Water was transformed into wine by Jesus.

The law was fulfilled through Jesus.

Jesus will marry the church, which is not entirely comprised of Jews, but includes non-Jews as well, who have been grafted into Israel’s salvation inheritance via the work of the Holy Spirit.

Ultimately, Jesus will guide us into the eternal, ultimate Promised Land of heaven, which will be the better Promised Land of reconciliation with God.

See also:  Which Apostle Betrayed Jesus

The same is true when we are dying of spiritual thirst in the desert of spiritual separation from God.

And I’m confident that there are more parallels to be found.

And it is precisely for this reason that I believe it to be true.

Jesus is the focal point of all existence, and God was delighted to be able to honor his Son in this manner.

As a matter of fact, Moses, for all of his greatness, is only a symbol, a pointer, and a shadow of the truer and bigger Moses, JESUS. Here are several additional instances, some of which are a little more far-fetched.

Typology of Moses and Jesus

Scriptural types:”A biblical person, thing, action, or event that foreshadows new truths, new actions, or new events.In the Old Testament, Melchizedech and Jonah are types of Jesus Christ.A likeness must exist between the type and the archetype, but the latter is always greater. Both are independent of each other.” Catholic Dictionary, John A. Hardon, S.J.

Michal Hunt,Copyright © 2003, revised 2005 Agape Bible Study.PermissionsAll Rights Reserved.

An evil king/Pharaoh tried to kill him as a baby:Exodus 1:22 King Herod tried to kill baby Jesus:Matthew 2:16
He was hidden from the evil king/Pharaoh:Exodus 2:2 An angel said to hide the child from the evil King Herod:Matthew 2:13
Moses was sent into Egypt to preserve his life:Exodus 2:3-4 Jesus was taken into Egypt to preserve His life:Matthew 2:13-15
He was saved by women: his mother:Exodus 2:3; MiriamExodus 2:4; Pharaoh’s daughterExodus 2:5-10 Saved and helped by His mother, Mary:Matthew 2:14
Pharaoh’s daughter adopted Moses:Exodus 2:10 Joseph adopted Jesus: Matthew 1:25
Moses became a prince of Egypt:Exodus 2:10 Jesus is the Prince of Peace:Isaiah 9:5;Matthew 28:18;Luke 2:14
Long period of silence from childhood to adulthood Long period of silence from childhood to adulthood
Moses had a secret identity Messianic secret = Jesus the Son of God
He tried to save a Hebrew kinsman:Exodus 2:11-12 Jesus came to save His Hebrew kinsman first:Mark 7:26-28
Went from being a prince to a pauper:Exodus 2:15-19 Went from being God to being man:John 1:1-3;Mark 6:3
Saved women at a well: Exodus 2:15-19 Saved a woman at a well: John chapter 4
Became a shepherd:Exodus 3:1 He is the Good Shepherd: John 10:11
Moses’ mission was to redeem Israel from slavery to Egypt Jesus’ mission is to redeem mankind from slavery to sin
Moses was loved and supported in his ministry by his sister Miriam Jesus was loved and supported in his ministry by His mother Mary
He was often rejected by his own people Jesus was often rejected by His own people
Moses will give God’s law on the mountain of Sinai:Exodus 20:1-31:18;34:1-35 Jesus will give the new law from the Mt. of Beatitudes:Matthew chapter 5
Moses spent 40 days fasting on the mountain:Exodus24:18;34:28 Jesus spent 40 days fasting in the desert wilderness:Matthew 4:2
Moses performs signs/ miracles Jesus performs signs/miracles
Moses offered his life for the salvation of his people after the sin of the Golden Calf:Exodus 32:32-33 Jesus offered His life for the salvation of the world:Isaiah 53:12;Romans 5:12;6:10;2 Corinthians 5:15-21;Colossians 1:19-20;2:14-15;1 John 1:7;2:2; etc.
Moses is the prophet of the Old Covenant Church Jesus is the prophet, priest, and King of a New and everlasting Covenant = the universal Catholic Church

Who Wrote the Bible?

My understanding of the Bible grows as I read it, and I realize that it is not simply a collection of many separate tales, but rather a collection of many stories that eventually convey a one story. Thousands of years ago, ancient heroes and moral legends inspired and taught people all around the world. Does any of these stories, on the other hand, have a method of connecting them? What if there’s a common thread that runs across them all? In this case, I’m not talking about some strange conspiracy theory about how all Pixar movies take place in the same galaxy (if you haven’t heard of this theory before, it’s really very amazing, but it’s outside the scope of this discussion).

When Jesus is speaking to his followers in the book of Luke, he states, “everything written about me in Moses’ Law as well as in the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled;” He then went on to explain everything about himself, starting with Moses and all the Prophets and working his way through all of Scripture (24:44, 27).

  • So the Bible is not a book that is predominantly comprised of numerous stories, but rather a book composed of many smaller stories that together convey a single, larger story.
  • For better or worse, all of the other tales in the Bible are interwoven into the larger story of Jesus, in which the fulfillment of their storylines finally occurs via his life and ministry.
  • Given that all of the tales of the Old Testament lead to, anticipate, and ultimately come to fruition in Jesus, it follows that these stories would contain persons and events (as well as customs and symbols) that foretell Jesus Christ in more or less visible ways.
  • Although I’m sure there are more, here are a few examples of parallelism that sprang to mind: Please take a look at the following link.
  • The Roman emperor Herod ordered the execution of every Hebrew child under the age of two years during the time of Jesus.
  • Despite the fact that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, he and his family fled to Egypt when he was a little child in order to avoid Herod’s persecution.
  • And, like Moses, Jesus ascended out of Egypt in order to rescue the entire world for himself.

Jesus, like Joseph, was born in a straw-filled barn and was visited by members of the Herodian royal family throughout his early life.

Jesus grew raised in the synagogues of Jerusalem, which were held in the greatest regard in his society during the time he lived there.

It’s possible that Jesus was also a Levite from the Hebrew nation.

During his ministry on earth, Jesus freed Israel as well as the rest of the world from the bonds of sin and death.

While teaching on the Mount, Jesus gave a new interpretation of the Ten Commandments from God.

As the law was fulfilled in Jesus, Jesus became the gospel.

Before Jesus was born and came to redeem them, the people of Israel had endured 400 years of darkness and silence from God.

In preparation for his mission to rescue the world, Jesus journeyed through the desert and was tempted by Satan.

Even though Jesus was a member of the royal family in Heaven, he chose to serve and rescue a world that was imprisoned by sin and death.

While being the transcendent Son of God, Jesus is also a descendant Son of Man, which makes him incomprehensibly both God and man at the same time inconceivable.

As an analogy, God communicates to us via Jesus’ body on a cross, which was devoured by the fire of God’s anger but did not perish from it.

In the Sea of Galilee, Jesus brought tranquility.

12 disciples were chosen by Jesus, and they were dispatched to announce the truer and greater Promise Land, one that is not based on earthly geography under God, but one that is based on spiritual reconciliation with God.

God heard Moses’ appeal and miraculously sent more manna and quail from the sky than they could reasonably eat in one day.

Thousands of Jesus’ disciples were starving in the countryside, so he prayed with God to supply them with enough food.

As a matter of fact, there were several baskets of leftovers.

Christ is the consummation of God’s covenant with humanity.

Our religion is the work of Jesus, who is its originator.

Ultimately, Jesus is the last and most effective intermediary.

Rather of being confined to four walls or sacred sites, Jesus is the presence of God everywhere.

A similar example is the cross on which Jesus was crucified, and anybody who sees it will be freed from sin and the sting of death caused by Satan.

When it comes to sin, Jesus is the ultimate and final Passover Lamb, having totally and completely absorbed the wrath of God once and for all.

Water was converted into blood by the hand of Moses!

The law was taken over by Moses.

Although Moses married a Jew, she was not a complete Jew; rather, she was a non-Jew who was grafted into the Jewish tradition.

Moses led his people all the way to the Promised Land, but he did not take them inside the land itself.

As they were dying of thirst in the desert, Moses hit a rock with his staff, and the rock erupted, releasing water that quenched their thirst.

Fortunately, God struck a better Rock for our sins, Jesus, and from the blow, Living Water gushed forth, quenching our desire for spiritual separation from God.

That is to say, you couldn’t make anything like that up.

Each page of history contains the words of God, who uses them to tell the greatest tale ever recounted in an unprecedented display of brightness and splendor.

As a matter of fact, Moses, whatever wonderful he may be, is only a symbol, a pointer, and a shadow of the real and larger Moses, JESUS. Continuing with the theme of absurdity, here are some further instances.

The Old Testament: Various Schools of Authors

Most academics generally agree that the tales and regulations included in the Bible were passed down orally, through prose and poetry, over hundreds of years, which helps to explain the Bible’s inconsistencies, repetitions, and overall quirks, among other things. Starting about the 7th century B.C., distinct groups, or schools, of authors wrote them down at various points in time until they were eventually merged into the unified, multi-layered text we know today (possibly during the first century B.C.).

“Except for the fact that they’re both delivering rules and presenting a tale about Israel’s early history,” Baden continues, “the two of them aren’t actually tied to each other in any important manner.” The third main block of source material in the Torah can be separated into two different, equally coherent schools, each called for the term that each employs to refer to God: Yahwehand Elohim, according to certain scholars, including Baden.

“E” is assigned to stories that use the term Elohim, whereas “J” is assigned to stories that do not use this name (for Jawhe, the German translation of Yahweh).

The evidence instead points to a considerably more slow process, in which material from multiple smaller sources was stacked together over an extended period of time, according to Baden.

New Testament: Who Wrote the Gospels?

A narrative that serves as a fundamental foundation for Christianity, just as the Old Testament chronicles the story of the Israelites over a millennium or so before Jesus’ birth, the New Testament chronicles the life of Jesus, beginning with his birth and teachings and concluding with his death and resurrection, a narrative that serves as a fundamental foundation for Christianity. In the first century AD, around four decades after Jesus’ crucifixion (according to the Bible), four anonymously authored chronicles of his life began to appear.

  • The four canonical Gospels, which were named after Jesus’ most committed earthly disciples, or apostles—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John—were generally believed to be eyewitness descriptions of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection.
  • The evangelists Luke and Matthew are seen writing the Gospels in a painting from the 12th or 13th century.
  • According to the evidence available, it appears as if the stories that constitute the foundation of Christianity were originally given orally and then passed down from generation to generation before being gathered and recorded in writing.
  • As Bible scholar Bart Ehrman points out in his book Jesus, Interrupted, “names are connected to the titles of the Gospels” (e.g., “the Gospel according to Matthew”).
  • 13 of the 27 books of the New Testament have traditionally been attributed to Paul, who famously converted to Christianity after meeting Jesus on the road to Damascus and went on to write a series of letters that helped spread the faith throughout the Mediterranean world.
  • However, just seven of Paul’s epistles are today accepted as authentic: Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, and Philemon, according to modern scholarship.
  • Following Paul’s example, the authors of the subsequent epistles may have been disciples of the apostle, who may have exploited his name to add validity to their works.

Despite the mystery surrounding its beginnings and the ongoing, intricate controversy over its authorship, the Bible would only grow increasingly important in the lives and religions of millions of people throughout the world in the centuries to come.

The Sermon on the Mount and Jesus as the New Moses

Patrick Schreiner contributed to this article. 3 years ago today

Indirect Presentation

It is my philosophy while teaching the book of Matthew that the book may be summed with one word: fulfillment. Israel’s long-awaited aspirations and desires are finally realized, according to the first evangelist, in the person of Jesus. Despite the fact that Matthew links Jesus to a variety of individuals, Moses receives the most attention. Some people are startled to hear that Jesus is never referred to as “the prophet like Moses” or even “the new Moses,” as some believe he should have been.

While explicit parallels to Moses are important, basing a case on them ignores the more legendary, and at times cryptic, character of Matthew’s tale.

A distinction may be drawn, according to one academic, between “direct definition” and “indirect presentation” inside a story.

There are two basic texts in the Bible that lend evidence to this assertion.

A prophet like me from among you, from your brothers—it is to him that you will listen—just as you desired of the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly, when you cried out, ‘Let me never again hear the voice of the LORD my God, nor see this great fire again, lest I perish in this wilderness.’ ‘They are correct in their statements,’ the LORD revealed to me.’ It is from among their brethren that I will bring up a prophet like you for them to serve them.

  • And I will put my words in his mouth, and he will talk to them in the manner in which I direct him to do so.
  • The phrases “redemption” and “exodus” are the most frequently used to refer to Jesus as the new Moses.
  • I am the LORD, your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, and the King of Israel.
  • “Remember not the ancient things, nor recall the things of old,” declares the LORD, who creates a way in the sea, a passage across the huge seas, who puts forth chariot and horse, army and warrior; they fall down, they cannot rise, they are extinguished, quenched like a lamp.

As you can see, I’m up to something fresh; it’s just about to burst forth, can’t you see it? It is I who will carve a path through the wilderness and create rivers in the desert.” Matthew is the only New Testament author who builds the portrayal of Jesus as the new Moses in nearly the same way.

Discourses and Their Connection to Moses

Matthew employs a variety of things to establish a connection between Jesus and Moses, but one of the most evident is that Matthew portrays Jesus as the ultimate teacher or prophet when reading the Gospel as a whole. Matthew, in contrast to Mark and Luke, includes five separate discourses. To put it another way, he groups the teachings of Jesus together into huge chunks of information. It is evident that Matthew is putting together Jesus’ teachings in order to depict him as the new prophet, despite the fact that these talks have been given different names by different persons.

  • 5-7: Blessings, and Entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven 10: Discourse on the Mission
  • 13: Parables of the Kingdom
  • 18: Discourse on the Community Woes, and the Coming Kingdom
  • Chapters 23-25

Even more than that, B.W. Bacon has suggested that Matthew’s desire to offer his Gospel as the new Pentateuch is reflected in this organizational structure (the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures). A five-fold pattern of discourses and narrative, according to Bacon, combine to produce five “books” that make up the Gospel of Matthew. Specifically, Bacon said that Mark was edited in the book of Matthew to indicate that he was the scribe who was teaching about the nature of the Kingdom of Heaven through his structure.

Labeling chapters 1-2 as a prologue and chapters 26-28 as an epilogue, on the other hand, appears to place much too little attention on these critical portions of the book.

Some of Bacon’s critiques are valid, and some of his fundamental insights are sound.

As an illustration, Matthew depicts Jesus’ teaching in such a way that it is comparable to Moses’ teaching, who is known as the “teacher of Israel” (Matthew 23:35).

Moses and Setting up the Sermon

While the entire first discourse (the Sermon on the Mount) could be viewed through the lens of Jesus as the new Moses, I will concentrate primarily on the events leading up to the sermon. The fact that Matthew describes Jesus as the new Moses as he ascends to give the new law can be explained by four factors. First and foremost, Matthew situates the sermon within the broader context of the coming of a new prophetic voice. In Matthew 4:12–17, Jesus learns that John the Baptist has been arrested and imprisoned.

  • It is difficult to overstate the importance of John’s imprisonment at this time.
  • Matthew immediately identifies Jesus as the one who is greater than John by recounting the story of his baptism (Matt 3:13–17).
  • It is only at this point that Jesus begins his own ministry on the earth.
  • John the Baptist is the last of the Old Testament prophets (Matt 11:13–14), and his death marks the beginning of an eschatologically new era in human history.
  • To add to this reference to Mosaic imagery, Matthew’s prologue to his sermon contains the first words of the prologue.
  • The story of Moses ascending Mount Sinai to receive the law is told in Exodus 19.
  • Each of the three times it is mentioned, it is in reference to Moses’ journey to Mount Sinai (Ex 19:3, 24:18, 34:4).

When Matthew refers to a mountain, he usually does not use the definite article unless the mountain has already been mentioned in the preceding context (Matt 8:1, 17:9).

However, in Matthew 5:1, there is no mention of a mountain that was immediately preceding it.

Matthew is inviting a comparison with Mount Sinai, which is the most prominent mountain in the Hebrew Bible.

In this way, it is similar to Moses’ position when he received God’s law on Mount Sinai.

All three of these details place the sermon in the context of the biblical mountain of Sinai.

The parallels, on the other hand, continue throughout the sermon. Matthew’s point appears to be to establish a connection between the law of the Torah and the law of the new covenant. As the new Moses, Jesus brings the new covenant teaching to the people.


Matthew is concerned with achieving one’s goals. Jesus is presented in Matthew as the new Moses, to be more explicit. The way he does this is by portraying Jesus as the teacher of Israel in five speeches. In some respects, these discourses are a mirror image of the five books of the Pentateuch. Then, when Jesus begins his first talk, there are four indications that he is the new Moses. He began his ministry immediately following the death of the final Old Testament prophet (John the Baptist).

However, although Matthew never expressly states that Jesus is the new Moses, the imagery he employs is unambiguous in its meaning.

Patrick Schreiner’sMatthew: Disciple and Scribewas used as a source for this adaptation (to be published in 2019).

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