How Is Jesus The New Adam

The New Adam

A fundamental contrast is drawn between Adam and Jesus in the fifth chapter of Romans (vv. 12–21), where Paul contrasts two crucial protagonists in redemptive history: Adam and Jesus. The former (Adam) is a type of the latter (Jesus), which makes Jesus a “new Adam” in the eyes of the law (v. 14). This passage from Paul discusses how Adam’s sin brought about the curse (death) that befell the entire human race, while salvation comes to the people of God through the death and obedience of Jesus on the cross (the second Adam).

Adam is represented as both the biological and federal leader of mankind in this account.

Paul describes the repercussions of Adam’s rebellion against God in Romans 5:12, saying, “Therefore, just as sin entered the world via one man, and death entered the world through sin, and death spread to all men because all sinned, so death spread to all men because all sinned.” Because sin entered the earth as a result of Adam’s transgression, sin and its consequence (death) spread over the entire globe.

Sin and death are not inherent in human nature; rather, they are the outcome of Adam’s fall into sin.

  1. To put it another way, we are born as sinners (by nature), and we bear the consequences of Adam’s transgression against the law (imputed to us).
  2. Verse 12 is usually terminated with a slash in most English Bible translations (including the ESV).
  3. Continuing the comparison between Adam and Jesus, Paul returns to the subject in verses 15–17.
  4. 15).
  5. The devastation caused by Adam is little in contrast to what Jesus Christ has done on behalf of those for whom He died on the cross.
  6. When the term “many” is used in reference to Adam, it alludes to the whole human race as a whole.
  7. When the apostle Paul speaks of the “many” in regard to Jesus, he is referring to the people for whom Christ is completing His redeeming work on earth.

The implications of Adam’s transgression are catastrophic for all of humanity.

We’re all going to die.

God’s grace in Christ abounds even more abundantly in situations where sin is present.

It’s also worth noting that “the free gift is not the same as the outcome of that one man’s sin.” When a single sin was committed, the judgment brought condemnation, but when numerous sins were committed, the free gift gave justification (Rom.

For since death ruled through one man as a result of that one man’s trespass, how much more will those who accept the fullness of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life as a result of that one man, Jesus Christ” (verses 16–17).

The only basis on which Adam’s fallen descendants may be reckoned righteous in Christ and acceptable to God is via Jesus’ sacrificial death and faultless obedience on the cross.

Now the law was introduced to aggravate the trespass, but where sin increased, mercy multiplied much more, so that, just as sin ruled in death, grace may also reign through righteousness, resulting in eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” Adam’s transgression resulted in the curse of death being placed upon all of humanity.

While Adam’s sin renders us sinners, Christ’s act of obedience will result in the many being regarded “righteous,” since Christ’s complete righteousness will be ascribed to us via faith, as opposed to Adam’s sin.

In the first place, the guilt of Adam’s transgression is imputed to all of mankind, making us all guilty and subject to the death penalty.

In a third place, Christ’s perfect obedience is credited to us via faith, resulting in our being considered righteous. As a result of the first Adam’s transgression, the terrible repercussions of that sin are undone by the work of the new Adam (Jesus).

Jesus Christ: The Last Adam

According to the Bible, Adam was the first human to exist in the history of the world. However, the historicity of Adam is extensively questioned and sometimes denied, particularly in light of the growth of evolutionary theories, which teach that mankind was created as the product of a protracted process of development and that Adam did not exist. It is critical to carefully evaluate what the Old and New Testaments have to say about Adam, as well as why this is essential. The role of Adam in biblical history and in the accomplishment of redemption is far more than a fascinating bit of biblical trivia; rather, it is an epoch-making event.

Adam in the Old Testament

God created man and woman on the sixth day of creation, according to the book of Genesis (Genesis 1:26-27). A more detailed version of this story may be found in Genesis 2, where we learn that the Lord God formed man out of dust from the earth (Gen 2:7). Because Adam is not represented as being descended from any lower living form, this is a unique instance of the act of creation. According to Genesis 2:21–23, Adam is created as a man initially, then Eve is created from his side a short time later.

Adamic Covenant and Fall

As well as this, Genesis teaches that God made an agreement with Adam, which is sometimes referred to as the Covenant of Works (also known as the Covenant of Creation, the Covenant of Life, or the Covenant of Nature). Many have objected to the name “Covenant of Works,” and many have argued that it does not accurately reflect the biblical language. However, when properly understood, it does reflect the biblical text. The Covenant of Works does not imply that Adam could earn his way into God’s favor since he was a creature who, by virtue of his being, owed God obedience.

The phrase covenant is not used in Genesis 1–3, but the ingredients of a covenant are there (e.g., covenant members, conditions, the potential of rewards or curses, and the possibility of rewards or curses), and Hosea 6:7 most certainly refers to this relationship with Adam.

This was not a random demand, but rather a summary command that put Adam’s complete devotion to God to the test.

In the context of the covenant, love and obedience are inextricably bound together.

Adam was formed upright (Ecclesiastes 7:29), but he also had a goal in mind: to experience life to its fullest. Adam unfortunately failed this exam, and as a result, he passed away (Gen 2:17; 3:19). Despite this, the Lord promised salvation via the offspring of the woman (Gen. 3:15). (Gen 3:15).

Legacy in Old Testament

Only a few times is Adam’s name stated explicitly throughout the rest of the Old Testament, but it is accepted throughout that God is the creator of all people, and God’s promise to the woman is carried out in a variety of ways. The genealogies of Genesis 5:1–3 and 1 Chronicles 1:1 portray Adam as a historical character, and they are supported in the New Testament (Luke 3:38; Jude 14). In addition to Hosea 6:7, Adam’s first transgression is referenced in Joshua 7:21, as well as Job 31:33 and Isaiah 43:27, among other passages.

Adam in the New Testament

The New Testament also expressly refers to Adam as the first human being, which is a significant distinction. When Jesus was conceived by virgin birth, he broke the pattern of natural birth that had been the norm since Adam and established himself as the holy head of a new humanity (cf. Luke 1:31–35; 3:38). In one sense, Adam is the son of God (Genesis 5:1–3); in a more basic sense, Jesus is the Son of God (John 1:1–3). Throughout the Gospel of Luke, Jesus’ supernatural sonship is declared at his baptism (Luke 3:22) and tested in the desert (Luke 4:1–13).

  1. In a similar vein, Mark’s Gospel makes it plain that when Jesus obeys in the face of temptation, he does so as a new Adam who undoes the consequences of Adam’s sin.
  2. The Gospels are replete with adamic characteristics.
  3. The Son of Man is a new Adam, who governs over a kingdom that will live forever.
  4. In Matthew 12:22–32, Jesus ties the strong man with his obedience, liberating those who are held captive by the demon, and granting forgiveness of sins (Mark 3:22–30).
  5. In the Gospel of John, Pilate addresses the audience and proclaims Jesus to be the King of the Jews, complete with a crown of thorns and a purple robe.
  6. This ironic occurrence parallels the royal features of Christ’s Adamic labor once more, and it is particularly poignant.
  7. Instead of failing in his love for God, Jesus, as the fully obedient God-man, rises from the grave and establishes an everlasting kingdom on the earth.
  8. 19:41), it is appropriate that Mary misidentifies the rising Jesus as the gardener; after all, just as the first Adam was entrusted with obeying God in a garden, so Jesus emerges to new life in a garden.
  9. Similar to how sin entered the world as a result of sin that was prompted by a tree, Jesus overcame sin as a result of his obedience on a cross (i.e., on the cross).

3 Death comes into the world via Adam, and life enters into the world through Christ. Throughout Paul’s letters, this message is conveyed even more emphatically.

Acts and Paul’s Epistles

In his letter to the Romans, the Apostle Paul says a lot about Adam, especially in regard to the person and work of Jesus Christ. The passages Romans 5:12–21 and 1 Corinthians 15:20–49 are also important. In Romans 5:12–21, the apostle Paul tells of the sin of one man (Adam), which resulted in death and condemnation for all mankind (5:12, 18). In contrast to Adam’s represented disobedience, Jesus’ representative obedience results in justification and life for all those who believe in him (5:18–19), and this is the message of the gospel.

  • Adam is the true leader of mankind, and his acts provide an explanation for the universality of death and judgment.
  • In 1 Corinthians 15:21–22, 44–49, Paul goes into further detail regarding Adam and his relationship to Christ.
  • In 15:21, Paul explains that just as death comes through man, so too does the resurrection of the dead arrive through man.
  • Individual fate is determined by one’s interaction with these two guys (15:48–49), and this holds true for all people throughout history.
  • Most likely, this is a reference to Adam, and Paul goes on to explain that all people are subject to this one man—the man Jesus Christ, who has been risen from the dead and has been appointed as the judge of all people (Acts 17:30–31).
  • There are no other people in the universe, therefore Paul speaks of Adam and Christ as if they were the only ones in the world; for these two men have all other people dangling from their belts.5

Practical Implications

  1. The God of Scripture is not the remote deity of deism
  2. He is a God who oversees the universe and has a personal relationship with his creation. He formed Adam out of the dust of the earth and entered into a covenant with him, promising him a prize that was far greater than any recompense Adam could possibly merit. As a result of Adam’s transgression, God did not destroy the human race but intervened to redeem it
  3. The biblical teaching on Adam encourages us to place our faith in the Scriptures. Many people today question the straightforward biblical message about Adam and Eve. Arguments against the idea that Adam was the first human being can be presented in a variety of complex and intellectually challenging ways. Ultimately, we must decide whether or not we will accept the plain message of Scripture, even when it appears implausible or impossible. Under this case, the clarity and accuracy of Scripture are in question.
  • Furthermore, if Scripture cannot be accepted where it speaks distinctly about the historical character Adam, then where can Scripture be trusted in any other situation? If Adam was not historically significant, then Paul’s thinking concerning the work of Christ in Romans 5 and 1 Corinthians 15 is incorrect as well. What this means in practical terms is enormous. Is Paul not an apostle who has received divine inspiration? Is it possible that he cannot be trusted, even in questions of salvation? In the case when Paul feels that the representative work of Christ resembles the representative work of Adam, but Adam is not a real person, how is it possible for the representative labor of Christ to count for us? Would Paul be able to provide a response to this
  • Denying Adam’s historical existence implies that not only is Paul incorrect, but that the authors of Genesis, 1 Chronicles, Luke, Acts, John, and Jude are all incorrect. We are not the authority on Scripture
  • Scripture is the authority on us. The works of Paul, or those of any other biblical author, are beyond our authority, and we would never presume to be their judges. No matter how much it goes against the spirit of our time, we must hold fast to the teachings of Scripture.
  1. The work of Christ must be viewed in terms of representational and Adamic roles. The solution to Adam’s disobedience is found in Christ’s obedience. As the head of the covenant, Adam operated in a representative capacity. In a same vein, Jesus serves as the head of the covenant, which implies that his activities are credited to others vicariously. According to Acts 4:12, “there is salvation in no one else, because there is no other name under heaven given among men, by which we must be saved” (no other name under heaven given among men, by which we must be saved).
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Why Is Jesus Called the “Second Adam”?

With titles like “Good Shepherd” (John 10:11) and “Bread of Life,” the Bible is replete with appropriate designations for Jesus (John 6:35). Each is densely filled with metaphor, religion, and historical references. Some titles, such as the Good Shepherd or the King of Kings, may appear to be easy and soothing. While some of these references are common, others, like as Jesus’ role as the “second” or “last” Adam, may be new to you. What is the significance of the Bible drawing a connection between the man who condemned the world to sin and the guy who saved the world?

A glimpse into God’s stunning redemptive drama, packed with more symbolism, mirroring, and plot twists than even the most masterful of human fiction is provided by Jesus as the second Adam.

What Passages Call Jesus the Second Adam?

With names like “Good Shepherd” (John 10:11) and “Bread of Life,” the Bible is replete with profound titles for Jesus (John 6:35). Each is brimming with metaphor, theology, and historical references to support their points. Several biblical titles, such as the Good Shepherd and King of Kings, may appear clear and reassuring. Many others, such as Jesus’ role as the “second” or “last” Adam, may be a little more foreign to you. Is it really necessary for the Bible to draw a comparison between the guy who created sin and the man who rescued it?

Comparing Adam and Jesus

Adam’s First Apparent Appearance A brief introduction of Adam may be found in Genesis 1, which is the very first chapter of the Bible, and he is further introduced in Genesis 2-3. He also created male and female beings on the sixth day of creation, according to Genesis 1:27. “God made people in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them” (Genesis 1:27). This technique is further explained in Genesis 2:7: “Then the Lord God created a man out of the dust of the earth and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man was transformed into a living creature.” This man, Adam, was formed directly by God, making him the first and only man to come to existence without the assistance of a human father—at least, until the birth of Jesus, who changed everything.

  • He was placed in charge of the world and granted dominion over it, with the responsibility of caring for it (Genesis 1:26, 28).
  • The Fall of Adam and Eve The good news is that Adam’s blameless state did not last long.
  • Adam instantly disobeyed God’s command.
  • If you eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you will undoubtedly die.
  • Adam’s transgression resulted in the annihilation of not just himself, but also the whole human species.
  • Featured image courtesy of Getty Images/DigitalImagination The First Appearance of Jesus After Adam and Eve fell from grace, God did not abandon humanity.
  • However, none of it was sufficient.
  • And no amount of blood from animal sacrifices could even come close to covering it up.
  • A perfect man, a perfect sacrifice, something far bigger than all of us would be required to overcome this curse.
  • The Resurrection of Jesus Since Adam, a man has arrived on Earth who has no human father, marking the first time in human history.

Jesus was able to overcome temptation. Not only that, but he also triumphed against death. Jesus was victorious over sin once and for all by the sacrifice of the perfect Lamb.

Parallels Between Adam and Jesus

Known as the “first man,” Adam was the first man to be created directly by God and the symbolic head of humanity. Jesus is the first God-man, the direct Son of God, and the Head of the Church. He is also known as the “God-Man.” Both Adam and Jesus were sinless when they entered the earth. However, while Adam fell short, Jesus rose to victory. Let us go back to 1 Corinthians 15:21-22 for a moment. “For just as death came into the world through a man, so too does the resurrection of the dead come through a man.” For just as everyone dies in Adam, everyone will be brought alive in Christ.” Adam sinned once, and humanity was doomed as a result.

  • Adam signifies the earthy aspect of our being.
  • Just as our physical bodies expire, so do we perish as a result of the sin nature that is passed down to us via Adam.
  • “The first man was made of the dust of the earth, and the second man is made of the dust of the heavens.” Because man was created in his own image, so are those who are of the earth, and because man was created in his own image, so are those who are of heaven.
  • Adam represented shattered mankind; Jesus represents the redeemed Church as the figurehead of the redeemed world.
  • Some have interpreted Pilate’s statements about Jesus in John 19:5KJV as an ironic echo of God’s words in Genesis 3:22, which are found in the book of Genesis.
  • And just as death came to all because of mankind’s disobedience in relation to a tree (Genesis 2:17), life came to all because of mankind’s obedience in relation to a tree (the cross).

The Last Adam

Jesus is referred to as “the last Adam” in 1 Corinthians 15:45. In the same way that Adam was once the head of mankind and our representation before God, Jesus is now our representative before the Father. Another will not be required because the work of redemption and reconciliation has been completed through Christ. Featured image courtesy of Getty Images/Pamela D McAdams Alyssa Roat attended Taylor University, where she majored in literature, theology, and the Bible. She works as a literary agent for C.Y.L.E.

Among her many bylines are those in periodicals ranging from The Christian Communicator to Keys for Kids, and she is the co-author of Dear Hero. More information about her may be found here, as well as on social media at @alyssawrote.

Jesus Christ, the “New” Adam

Jesus is compared to Adam in 1 Corinthians 15:45, according to St. Paul. As it is said, “The first man Adam became a living person;” the final Adam became a spirit that gives life. This is one of those really basic scriptural lines that, when read theologically, carries a powerful punch. See how this holds true in some other passages of scripture by taking a look at them.


God created Adam out of the dust of the ground, according to the book of Genesis. Adam was created when God breathed life into him. Eventually, the flawless and sin-free Adam succumbed to sin inGenesis 3by defying God, believing the devil’s lies (about not dying and being like God), and eating the forbidden fruit from a tree, which caused sin and damnation to enter the earth. As a result, God informed Adam that he would be required to work the soil in order to get his daily sustenance. He would be sweating profusely and the ground would be littered with thorns as he went about his business.

It is believed that God expelled Adam from Paradise in order for him to refrain from eating the fruit of another tree in the Garden of Eden, known as the tree of life, which would have provided him with eternal life.

Jesus, the New Adam

“Being born of a woman” (Galatians 4:4) entails that Jesus is a direct descendant of Adam, as stated in the Bible. The sinless and faultless Jesus, who proclaimed in Matthew 9:15 that he is the bridegroom, also declared Himself to be “The Bread of Life” in John 6:35, as well as the “Lamb of God.” He stated that in order to have eternal life, we must consume His flesh and drink His blood. This allusion to eating is, of course, a reference to the antidote to Adam’s actions in the garden. We are commanded by Jesus, who died on a tree of life known as the cross, to eat the fruit of that tree, known as the Eucharist (his flesh and blood), in order to receive eternal life and to defeat the two lies spoken by the devil to Adam and Eve.

  • (LIE!).
  • ), by consuming the fruit of the cross, which includes both the flesh and blood of Christ, “you shall live eternally.” Aside from that, Satan said that if Adam consumed the forbidden fruit, he would become like God (a blatant lie!).
  • Though the parallels between Adam and Jesus are striking, they do not end there.
  • In the same way that Adam’s disobedience to God caused sin and damnation to enter the world, Jesus’ obedience to God, his loving Father, permitted salvation to enter the world via his death on the cross.
  • The devil, according to Jesus, is the ruler of this world, according to the Bible (John 14:30).
  • Just as the devil previously overcame man in Paradise, God’s dwelling place, so Jesus, a real man who is also true God, now conquers the devil in his own dwelling place, this world, by defeating him in his own dwelling place.
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The curses of Adam, such as sweating blood to obtain his daily bread and being surrounded by thorns (Genesis 3:18-19), were placed squarely on the head of Christ, the Bread of Life, twice: first in the Garden of Gethsemane, when he sweat blood, and then in Jerusalem, when a crown of thorns was placed on His head.

Jesus, on his way to the cross on the Via Dolorosa, fell three times into the dust of the earth, just as Adam was made from the dust of the earth.

Although God infused the breath of life into people, Jesus died on the cross as a result of the deeds of the rest of humanity.

Jesus, the Bridegroom

During the Passion of Christ, there is also a lot of imagery associated with the bridegroom. Prior to his crucifixion, Jesus was stripped to his underwear, as previously recounted. This is something that the man does before his wife on the night of the wedding. In what some believe to be his last will and testament, Jesus said from the cross to his beloved disciple (which includes all of us, by the way, if and only if we consider ourselves to be beloved disciples of Christ!) “Behold your mother,” referring to the woman who had been his most beloved possession on earth.

  • These are the kinds of things that one might expect to hear in a maternity ward after the birth of a new kid, and they are true.
  • And these references to marriage and childbirth are found throughout the Bible.
  • Therefore, Jesus’ death on the cross can be compared to a form of marital act in which the bridegroom and the bride become one flesh for the rest of their lives, as described above.
  • This depicts three theological principles that are extremely important: 1.
  • In addition, the blood and water that drip from His side symbolise Baptism and the Eucharist, the two sacraments that link people to Christ.
  • 3.
  • Archbishop Sheen once stated that the spearing of Jesus on the cross is reminiscent of the angel with the blazing sword who guards the entrance to Paradise.

In this scene, Jesus is physically stabbed, but Mary is also spiritually stabbed (Simeon warned Mary in Luke 2:35 that “a sword will pierce through your own soul as well, that the thoughts of many hearts may be disclosed.” Peter stated that we were all needed to suffer in this life, and this is exactly what we are doing with our stabs with the sword for the rest of the world (1 Peter 5:9).

Other Typologies of Christ in the Bible

Humanity executed Jesus, a carpenter who made his life as a man by working with wood with a hammer and nails, by stabbing him to death with a hammer, wood, and nails. Jesus, the Bread of Life, was born in the town of Bethlehem, which translates as “House of Bread” in the English language. It is believed that his mother Mary placed him in a manger, which is a sheep-feeding trough. Every time we say the Our Father, we are praying for Jesus to be our daily bread (Acts 2:46), which is what we pray for every time we say the Our Father – “Give us this day our DAILY BREAD” (daily supernatural bread is an Old Testament reference to manna, the supernatural bread from heaven for the people of God in the desert).

By attending daily Mass and partaking in the daily Eucharist, we are transformed into the descendants of the Israelites who wandered in the wilderness under Moses.

Only this time, instead of Moses, Jesus serves as our guide. Instead of daily bread, which simply fills bodily hunger in order to sustain life on this planet, the Eucharist satisfies our spiritual need and grants us everlasting life through the sacrifice of Christ.

Why Is Jesus Called the Last Adam and the Second Man?

Jesus is referred to in the Bible as both the “last Adam” and the “second Man.” Paul addressed his letter to the Corinthians. “The first man Adam became a living creature,” and “the final Adam became a life-giving spirit,” according to the Bible. The spiritual did not arrive first, but rather the natural, which was followed by the spiritual after that. The first man was made of the dust of the earth, and the second man was made of the dust of heaven. Just as man from the ground was, so too are those who are from the earth; and just as the man from heaven was, so too are those who are from heaven (1 Corinthians 15:45-48).

  1. These two titles for Jesus constitute a comparison between Him and Adam.
  2. In the Bible, it is stated that God created Adam from dust from the earth.
  3. Adam just had one nature, and that was that of a human being.
  4. Following the fall of Adam and Eve, animal sacrifices were offered to God as atonement.
  5. It was necessary for God to have flawless human nature sacrificed in order to atone for sinful human nature.
  6. He is the only individual on the planet who does not possess a sin nature.
  7. He was the second man, and he was the guy who came down from heaven.
  8. According to the Bible, Jesus sacrificed Himself as a sacrifice to atone for sin.
  9. NOW, all of these things have been given to us by God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and entrusted us with the ministry of reconciliation.
  10. As a result, we are Christ’s ambassadors, as if God were making a plea through us; we implore you on Christ’s behalf to be reconciled to God; we urge you to do so.
  11. Adam, on the other hand, disobeyed and introduced sin into the world.

The fact that Jesus being from heaven distinguished him from Adam in that he did not have a sin nature, as did Adam himself. As a result, Jesus was able to offer himself as the spotless sacrifice for the sins of the entire world.

What Does it Mean That Jesus Is the Second Adam?

Due to the fact that “all Scripture is breathed out by God” (Timothy 3:16), it is difficult to pick out one section of the Bible as being more or less essential than another. While some texts and teaching are essential to developing an accurate biblical worldview, there are others that are so critical that failing to grasp their significance is tantamount to adopting an incomplete gospel. A good example of this type of teaching is Adam’s place in the narrative of God. If we fail to see God’s original intention for Adam, which is clearly demonstrated in the garden, we will never be able to comprehend the whole breadth of redemption, which Christ accomplished on our behalf on the cross.

The Purpose of Adam

Please allow me to describe God’s intentions for Adam and his descendants. As the biblical narrative starts, we see the Creator hard at work bringing a good world into existence by the power of His word. It is said that this world, as depicted in Genesis 1, is a mirror of God’s benevolence, and that God intends for it to serve as a garden temple in which He will reside and reveal His splendor. However, God’s magnificent sanctuary would not be complete until he had created his greatest treasure, man.

Man was one-of-a-kind.

The aim of Adam’s creation was explicitly stated by God in the words, “Let Us make man in our image, according to our likeness” (Genesis 1:26).

Failure to grasp the full force and significance of this word, as it relates to Adam and all of humanity, prevents us from ever fully comprehending the metanarrative of God and our place within it, and, most importantly, prevents us from knowing and embracing the true nature of the person and work of Jesus Christ.

  • Allow me to attempt to explain with the help of a biblical narrative.
  • Because the Bible states that the monument was around 90 feet in height and 9 feet in breadth, the statue’s dimensions are mind-boggling to fathom (Daniel 3:1).
  • Attendance, on the other hand, was not the only condition.
  • They, on the other hand, were not submitting to the monarch.
  • One’s life would be forfeited if one did not submit to Nebuchadnezzar’s likeness and image on the idol, which he had applied with such authority that failing to bend before it would result in death.
  • Beyond just memorializing himself before the people, the Babylonian monarch sought to do more than that.
  • A similar fashion, Adam was created to symbolize his Creator, but not only Adam but also the whole human race, and so on.
  • The first person was to serve as a precedent-setting role model, from whom all of mankind in every generation would draw inspiration and guidance.
  • (Genesis 2:15).
  • As a result of their obedience, Adam and Eve were to diligently serve their Creator and represent Him and His intentions, and it was through their obedience that they were to fill the entire planet with the glory of God (Numbers 14:21;Habakkuk 2:14;Isaiah 6:3).

This is the first time we’ve seen the Creator’s vision for His kingdom in action. And, as God’s image bearer, Adam was specially created to be the very instrument through which God’s good world would be permeated with God’s presence.

Adam’s Purpose Unfulfilled

Unfortunately, instead of serving with and alongside the Creator to truly represent him, Adam rebelled and chose his own way rather than following God’s instructions. Adam was not in charge of, subdued, cultivated, or guarded the things that had been committed to him. Instead of working with God to expand the boundaries of the garden and ensure that all of creation and the created order were immersed in God’s love and might, Adam becomes the tool of destruction, death, and separation for himself and for the rest of the created order.

  1. A major responsibility of Adam’s was to safeguard (Genesis 2:15) the garden and his wife against any forces or influences that wanted to despoil what God had so carefully created for his own glory.
  2. Consider how this narrative could have ended out differently if Adam had pushed for Eve in the same way that Judah attempted to atone for his younger brother Benjamin (Genesis 44:33).
  3. While Eve was left alone and without anybody to rescue or deliver her, Adam raised an accusing finger at the “bones of his bones and the flesh of his flesh” (Genesis 2:23).
  4. Therefore, just as sin entered the world via one man and death entered the world through sin and death spread to all men, so death spread to all men, according to the Apostle Paul (Romans 5:12).
  5. He was given the authority to do so.
  6. A fascinating account is told in 1 Samuel about how the Philistine army was positioned on one side of the battlefield while Israel was positioned on the other side in a face-off with Israel.
  7. Israel would pick a warrior who would battle on behalf of the entire army, and in the end, those who were allied with the winner would claim their part of the victory, while others who were not so lucky would share in the anguish of loss, according to his proposal.

The Second Adam Fulfils God’s Purpose

In the end, Adam rebelled against God and chose his own path rather than following in his footsteps and served beside him to properly represent him. Adam was not in charge of, subdued, cultivated, or guarded the things that had been committed to him in the beginning of creation. As opposed to collaborating with God to expand the boundaries of the garden and ensure that all of creation and the created order were immersed in God’s love and might, Adam instead becomes the agent of destruction, death, and separation both for himself and for the rest of creation.

  • A major responsibility of Adam’s was to safeguard (Genesis 2:15) the garden and his wife against any forces or influences that wanted to deface or destroy what God had so carefully created for his own glory and honor.
  • Consider how this tale could have ended out differently if Adam had pushed for Eve in the same way that Judah strove to atone for his younger brother Benjamin (Genesis 44:33).
  • Adam, on the other hand, pointed an accusing finger at the “bone of his bones and the flesh of his flesh” (Genesis 2:23), and Eve was left alone, with no one to rescue or deliver her from the situation.
  • “Therefore, just as sin entered the world via one man, and death entered the world through sin, and death spread to all men,” the Apostle Paul explains (Romans 5:12).
  • The master deceiver, on the other hand, used him as a pawn to manipulate the everlasting God in an all-out endeavor to dethrone and conquer him.
  • The champion, not to mention the colossal Goliath, issued a challenge to his potential adversaries.

Similarly to how Goliath fought and represented the Philistine’s after they were defeated, Adam’s legacy became an imprecating bondage to everyone.

What does it mean that Jesus is the second Adam?

QuestionAnswer As the Apostle Paul writes in his first epistle to the church in Corinth: “Adam became a living being; Adam became a life-giving spirit; and Adam became a live creature again.” The spiritual did not arrive first, but rather the natural, which was followed by the spiritual after that. The first man was made of the dust of the earth, and the second man was made of the dust of heaven. People who are from the earth are the same as the earthly man, and those who are from heaven are the same as those who are from the world, and vice versa.

  1. Paul is emphasizing the distinction between two types of bodies, namely, the natural and the spiritual, in this passage.
  2. Adam was created from the dust of the earth and breathed his first breath by the breath of God.
  3. The final Adam, sometimes known as the “second Adam,” or Christ, on the other hand, is a life-giving Spirit.
  4. The fact that Christ has risen from the dead means that He has become “a life-giving spirit” who has gone into a new state of existence.
  5. Christ’s new glorified human body now corresponds to His new glorified spiritual existence, just as Adam’s human body corresponded to his natural life in the beginning.
  6. In verse 46, Paul reminds us that the natural world came first, and then the spiritual world followed.
  7. They can only gain spiritual life when they have reached this point.
  8. While it is true that Christ has lived since the beginning of time, He is referred to as the second man or the second Adam in this context since He came from heaven to earth many years after Adam and before the beginning of time.
See also:  What Did Jesus Do After He Died

He claimed to have “descended from heaven.” Then Paul continues, saying, “As the earthly man was, so are those who are of the earth; and as the man from heaven is, so are those who are of the heavens.” As we have bore the resemblance of the earthly man, we will also carry the likeness of the man from heaven” (1 Corinthians 15:48-49).

Human bodies are designed for life on this planet, but they are hampered by death, sickness, and weakness as a result of sin, which was introduced into the world by Adam as we have seen.

Now, everyone resembles Adam; one day, everyone who believes in Christ will resemble Christ (Philippians 3:21).

Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) What does it imply that Jesus is the second Adam, and what does it entail for us?

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How is Jesus the second Adam?

We learn that Jesus is the second Adam in 1 Corinthians 15:45-49: “Jesus is the second Adam.” “As it is stated, “The first man Adam became a living creature,” and “The final Adam became a life-giving spirit,” the first Adam being the first man Adam. However, it is not the spiritual that comes first, but rather the natural, which is followed by the spiritual. Man was created from the dust of the ground, and man created from heaven is referred to as “the second man.” It is true that as the man of earth was, so too were those who are of dust, and that as the man of heaven is, so too are those who are heavenly in origin.

  1. The text from 1 Corinthians 15 has the following similarities to the verse from Romans: First and foremost, Adam was a living being; Jesus, on the other hand, is a life-giving being.
  2. Following the example of Adam as a natural being and Jesus as an eternal spirit, we must also be transformed from a natural being to an eternal spirit, which can only be accomplished by accepting Jesus Christ as our Lord and Savior.
  3. A person’s resurrection body will be similar to Jesus’ risen body and will not look like the physical bodies they have in this world.
  4. But praise be to God, who, through our Lord Jesus Christ, has granted us victory over our enemies.” Furthermore, as Paul stated earlier in the chapter, “For just as death was brought about by man, so too has the resurrection of the dead been brought about by man.
  5. This comparison and contrast reveals that death is something we experience through Adam’s actions.
  6. In the book of Romans, the apostle Paul also discusses this subject.
  7. However, the free gift is not the same as the trespass.
  8. Jesus signifies a person who provides life to others.
  9. It is through Jesus that sin’s damning power is broken, and it is through Him that fresh life and eternal life are made available.
  10. What does Jesus’ status as the Son of Man entail?

What is the relevance of Jesus’ humanity in relation to his divinity? What is the meaning of the incarnation of Christ, and why is the incarnation of Christ significant? Return to the page: The Truth About Jesus Christ.

Where Adam fails, the ‘new Adam succeeds’

Written by Brian Pizzalato According to the Catholic Church’s Catechism of the Catholic Church (published in 1544), “Everything that the priesthood of the Old Covenant prefigured finds its fullness in Christ Jesus, who is ‘the one mediator between God and men.'” A number of significant elements have been revealed during our trip from the Old Covenant background to the New Covenant priesthood of Jesus Christ.

  • First and foremost, Adam was a priest-father to all of mankind. In the wake of Adam’s death, we found that the priesthood that existed prior to Aaron and the Levites was a familial priesthood centered on the father of the family, with the first-born son having the highest priority.
  • The clergy, on the other hand, retains its familial character.
  • 18:19).
  • Each high priest is now tasked with the responsibility of presenting gifts and sacrifices.
  • This brings us to Jesus Christ, our heavenly high priest, “.who has taken his place at the right side of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, a minister of the sanctuary and of the genuine tabernacle, which was established by the Lord, not by human hands” (Hebrews 8:1-2).
  • I would recommend that you read the full letter to the Hebrews.
  • “.it was not Christ who exalted himself by becoming high priest, but rather the one who said to him: ‘You are my son; this day I have begotten you,’ just as he says in another place: ‘You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek,'” the book of Hebrews says (5:5-6).

These are lines that were penned hundreds of years after the formation of the Levitical priesthood in Israel.

“If.perfection was attained through the Levitical priesthood.what would have been the necessity for another priest according to the order of Melchizedek.?” the letter continues.

By default, this sends us back to Adam’s house.

To save his spouse, Eve, Adam was called upon to make the ultimate sacrifice: the surrender of his own self.

For this reason and many more, God the Father sends his eternally born Son, Jesus, to sacrifice his own self for the sake of his wife, the church (cf.

It is the new Adam who triumphs where the old Adam fails.

Paul emphasizes that Jesus is a new Adam, or the final Adam, and that he is the “.firstborn among many brothers” (Philippians 2:5).

1 Corinthians 15:45).


In the meantime, Melchizedek, the king of Salem, brought out bread and wine, as befitted a priest of the Most High God.” Abram’s blessing came from God.” (Genesis 14:18-19; 15:18-19).

As a result, he satisfies the Melchizedek priesthood since, like Melchizedek, and unlike the Levites, he has the status of a priest in perpetuity.

The high priests did not have the need to provide sacrifices on a daily basis, as he does not.

For if the blood of goats and bulls, as well as the sprinkled ashes of heifers, can sanctify those who are defiled so that their flesh is cleansed, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from dead works so that we may worship the living God?

Prefigurations come to reality in Christ, beginning with the transfiguration and continuing on through Calvary, as well as throughout eternity in heavenly splendor.

It is on Calvary that his body is given up and his blood is poured, thereby continuing his once and for all death and sacrifice.

We cannot claim that Jesus’ priesthood came to an end on the cross; he continues to serve as a priest indefinitely.

The answer is that “the sacrifice of Christ and the sacrifice of the Eucharist are two aspects of a single offering” (CCC 1367).

This is what we will be discussing next month.

Brian Pizzalato is the Director of Catechesis, R.C.I.A.Lay Apostolate for the Diocese of Duluth.

He is also a member of the faculty at the Maryvale Institute in Birmingham, England, where he teaches in the theology and philosophy departments.

Participants Book are among his accomplishments.

In addition to his M.A. in Theology and Christian Ministry with a Catechetics concentration from Franciscan University of Steubenville, Ohio, Brian possesses an M.A. in Philosophy from the same institution.

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